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—" — State and National New* -■ WILMINGTON, N. C., THURSDAY, AUGUST 23, 1945 ----... lo ' SO VIE 7 TROOPS IN CITY PORT ARTHUR TAKEN Over 210,000 Japanese Troops Surrender To Russian Forces LONDON, Aug. 22.—(JP) Soviet Airborne troops have landed at Port Arthur and on the southern tip of Manchuria, a broadcast Russian communique said tonight. The communique, recorded by the Soviet Monitor, <aid more than 210, troops of the Japanese Kwantung Arm^ had been herded into prison cages. Port Arthur was the Russian na val base leased from China, which ,he Czars lost after the Russo-Jap nese war in 1904-Do. Dairen is nearby and the chief city of [wanning leased territory on the Liaotung Peninsula, Port Arthur was under Siege for seven months in the Russo-Japanese war. The communique said Russian troops landed on Shumushu, North jmmost island of the Kurile chain which extends into the misty North Pacific from the Japanese home land. The Russians said their sky treops "have commenced disarm ing of Japanese garrisons” at Port Arthur and Dairen.” Twenty Japanese Generals have surrendered, the bulletin said I Among these was the commander of the 44th Army group of the Kwantung army. Lt. Gen. Hondo. "The reception of surrendering units and formations of the Kwantung Army continues,” the communique said. JAPS TO SURKklNUfcH IN BURMA THEATER RANGOON, Aug. 22.— UP) — Southeast Asia Command officials a.iticipated today the arrival here within 24 hours of a Japanese en voy from Saigon to begin negota lions for the surrender of an esti mated 200.000 enemy troops In ibis war theater. A meeting between the envoy, Representing Field Marshal Count Juichi Terauchi, Japanese South east Asia Commander, and Lt Gen. E. F. M. Browning, chief of staff of Admiral Lord Louis Mountbatten, may take place sometime tomorrow. Initial surrender negotiations may not proceed immediately, but may be delayed a bit longer. Formal surrender of Terauchi lo Mountbatten will take place in Singapore early in September it was said. The Allied commanders expect to meet the Japanese gar rison commanders eight in a cruis er or on shore. JURY MAY GETCASE AGAINST MEADOWS AT LATE HOUR TODAY GREENVILLE, N. C., Aug. 22.— '•4’i—Judge J. Paul Frizzelle began Ws charge to the jury tonight in ,be case of Dr. Leon R. Meadows, "ho is charged with embezzlement ?nd false pretense, and indications were the case will go to the jury about 1 p.m. tomorrow. > Arguments by attorneys for the Prosecution and defense, which be San Monday, were concluded at 3,33 P-rr-. and Judge Frizzelle im mediately ordered a recess until з, 3() p rn-- a‘L which time he order me Pasquotank County jury to be w the box. The jurist’s charge is expected e concluded before the noon re ss tomorrow and the case prob ,wdl be turned over to the jury .. .e beginning of the afternoon ssion. Barring prolonged deliv и, ,on*' the jury then will spend v"eeksSt Weekend at home in 11 WEATHER (Eastern Standard Time) Meter, * ■ S* Weather Bureau) •ndine -°orgica] data for the 24 hours s < JU P-ro.. yesterday. i.on Temperature i:» plS; 7,3a: 7:30 a-m-74;1:30 p- m- 8°; Normal"?™ 85' Minimum 73.‘ Mean 79;. ron Humidity l:30”p mm a"; 7:30 a m- 12: 1-30 P-m- 11'• Total i „ Precipitation '.01 jnchf" 24 hours endng 7:30 p.m._ “^'inches10*5 tb€ first of the mon4h— (Frnm a, Tides For Today I. CoaV^J't6 Tables Published by U. 0ast and Geoc’-dtc Survev) '‘ilmington .... ^ ,m. 1 ^bo**,* _«;}$*£ Sunrise s-to- 7:47 P-m- 1:29 p.m. ’:!3 nm- Sunset 6:50; Moonrise Fa vet? ’ ,'l00nse‘ 5:30 a.m. yetteviiJe River stage 17.3. 'Continued on Page 'Two; Col. 1) ■■ i - _ MU MAM M U1UAA MJU XUVf Japanese Sign Surrender Terms August 31; Atomic _ bs Kill 70,000 In Two Nip Cities, ill Occupy British Crown Colony - * * - *___ '_ * — ■ - _I 1 -- -X Chiang Will Also Police Island Fort TERMS LAID DOWN Enemy To Sign Surrender Articles At Hong Kong, British Say By SPENCER MOOSA CHUNGKING, Aug. 22.—(/P)— Gen. Chiang Kai-shek’s troops will occupy the former British crown colony of Hong Kong, the enemy’s island fortress of Formosa, north ern Indochina, and a small part of Thailand, - Chinese surrender terms to the Japanese disclosed (British Foreign Secretary Ern est Bevin said Monday that the British had “taken steps to receive the surrender of Japanese forces” in Hong Kong, and expressed con fidence that Hong Kong would be returned to the British “in agree ment with our Chinese and Ameri can Allies.”) British authorities in Chung king declined comment on the in clusion of Hong Kong as one of the areas to be occupied by Chinese troops. A Chinese Army spokesman de clared Hong Kong was in the China theaterand the high com mand “naturally assumes, re sponsibility to accept the Japanese surrender there.” Foreign Office spokesman K. C. Wu said the entire issue is under consideration by Chiang, who is ex pected to announce a decision on the “problem” within a few days. Details of the deployment of Chi nese occupation troops were dis closed in a memorandum handed to the Japanese at Chihkiang by (Continued on Page Ten; Col. 7) SIRENS CLEARING TRAFFIC FOR BABY Eighteen-month-old Jay Under wood, a patient of the Babies hos pital at Wrightsville Beach, was racing in a automobileaccompahi ed by police escort toward Phila delphia last night, where he will undergo an emergency operation following a first operation here for an ailment of his throat and lungs caused by diptheria. The patient is trveling in 'ar. automobile with a doctor, nurse and his parents, it was reported The Army Air Base at Wilming ton offered to fly the child tc Philadelphia, and had a plane standing by, it was reported; how ever, doctors wereafraid thealti tufle would serious affect the child’s breathing. Following a request from the North Carolina State Highway Patrol at Raleigh to proceed at 60 miles per hour through the State, theautomobile left the City shortly after 5 p. m., in its race to Philadelphia. Although there was no escort provided for the automobile in North Carolina, Yir ginia State Police cars met the automobile at the Virginia line and proceeded northward. The child was traveling with a tube in its throat. A slight delay was caused before the vehicle reached the Virginia line last night, when it became necessary to stop for treatment. The purpose of theoperation a1 Philadelphia is to removethe tube, it was reported here. ONLY FOUR DIVISIONS TO GO TO PACIFIC WASHINGTON, Aug. 22—(U.R) —The Army will send to the Pacific only four to six, of the 16 divisions oirianlgl syhecdleu 16 divisions originally scheduled for service under Gen. Douglas MacArthur, it was disclosed to day. MacArthur will decide the ex act number. His decision will depend in part on conditions he encounters after the occupa tion of Japan begins next week. A policy of redeploying only young men with low point scores and others volunteering to stay in the service will fee put into effect by the Army as soon as schedules permit. This general policy was set forth by Secretary of War Henry L. Stim last week. HIROHITO MOVES FOR ‘NEW ORDER’ By ROGER JOHSNON United Press Staff Correspondent SAN FANCISCO, Aug. 2— (U.R)_ ■Emperor Hirohito is moving swift ly to create a “Made in Japaiv' Democracy bofore Allied troops land and impose their authority, Tokyo broadcasts indicated today. One of the major facets of a political about-face was the creation of six political parties from the wartime Dai Nippon Seijikai, The Political Association of Grezat Ja pan, a totalitarian party which re placed the Imperial Rule Assistance Association. Another was abolition of com pulsory military training. Chinese sources charged that Japanese political manipulations were designed to create the sem blance of a Democracy sc the length and severity of Allied occupation would be lessened. Broadcasts heard by United Press at San Francisco and by the FCC, reported extensive cabinel changes and the decision to dis solve the political association as well as other sweeping changes. Final flecision in abolition of the political association will be taker at a plenary session of the lower house of the Diet hastily called for tonorrow. In its place are to ap pear these six political parties: 1. A xociety built around the core of the Japan political Asso ciation. 2. A Liberal party. 3. A National Socialist party. 4. A Democratic Socialist par ty 5. A 'group dissatisfied with the new party that will be formed (Continued on Page Two, Col. 3.) HEAVY RAINS HAMPER FARMING IN STATE; . GRASS UNCONTROLLED RALEIGH, Aug. 22. —(A5)—Heavy rainfall in most* sections of the state in the last few days may force farmers to abandon some crops because of the growth of grass and weeds, the N. C. State College wea ther station said today. The grass problem is particularly acute in the Eastern peanut belt, the report said, but is affecting cot ton and tobacco fields in all sec tions of the state. Because of labor shortages and few days On which outdoor work can be carried on, farmers “are unable to cope with the situation and many are plan ning to turn their fields loose.” The Piedmont area, the report continued, “remains perhaps the more favored area under present weather conditions. The corn crop in this area is excellent, while hay (Continued on Page Ten; Col. 5) Bulgarians Go To Polls Under Frown Of Allies _*_ By JULIE BARNES WASHINGTON, Aug. 22.—‘to— Bulgaria, first of stricken Europe’s nations to hold a national election since V-E Day, goes to the polls Sunday under the shadow of Bri tish and American disapproval. Monday British Foreign Secre tary Bevin condemned the pro visional Bulgarian governmenttand the governments of Romania and Hungary) as undemocratic. Next day the Foreign Office notified Bul garia it would be unable to recog nize as “emocratic or represen tative” any government that came out of the election. I Already the U. S. State Depart ment had told Bulgaria it could not approve plans for the election. Bulgaria, whose normal popula tion is only 6 1—2 m811ion, now has a four-party coalition government — “Fatherland Front.” Her cabinet i? headed by a Russian-sponsored resistance leader, Col. Kimon Georhieff. The coalition includes the Zveno party (the military element sup ported by the army alone), the Socialists, the Agrarians and the (Continued on Page Ten: Col. l.v Thousands More Hurt By Missle 290,000 HOMELESS Unknown Number Missing At Hiroshima, Nagas aki Following Blasts By HENRY SUPER United Press Staff Correspondent SAN FRANCISCO, Aug. 22.— Japan gave its first detailed report on the atomic bomb today—79,000 persons killed outright, 120,00C wounded, 290,000 made homeless, and an unknown number missing from the two dropped by Superfor tresses on two of her cities.__ These casualty figures were sup plemented by the report of a Jap anese scientist sent to the scene of one blast to make a detailed inves tigation. Radio Tokyo quoted his estimation of the explosion—“mon strous—spectacular.” I A Domei dispatch recorded by United .Press here, said killed, wounded and homeless in Hiro shima and Nagasaki totaled 480,000 and added that it was impossible yet to estimate the number of miss ing. Bodies buried in collapsed buildings are still uncounted. I “Many persons are dying daily from burns sustained during the ' raids,” the broadcast said. ‘‘Many of those who received burns cannot survive the wounds because of the uncanny effects which the atomic bomb produces on the human body. , Even those who received minor burns and looked quite healthy at 1 first weakened after a few days for : some unknown reason.” Domei said 60,000 were killed, ' 100.000 were wounded and 200,000 were homeless in Hiroshima while 10.000 were killed, 20,000 wounded i and 90,000 homeless in Nagasaki. The first atomic bomb exploded i in a shattering heat flash as it | dangled from a parachute a quar- ; (Continued on Page Ten; Col. 5) 1 DEGAULLE LAUDS TWO PRESIDENTS WASHINGTON, Aug. 2. — (U.R) — Gen. Charles De Gaulle, president of the Provisional French Repub lic, arrived today for a three-day state visit and his first persona] meeting with President Truman. The plane bringing the French leader to Washington arrived a t National Airport shortly after 4 p. m., EWT. His first statement after leaving the plane was that the United States must play the leading pari in organizing the world to con form to the principles for which the Allies fought. “On my arrival,” he said, ‘there is one thing I want to say, and that is that without ypu, the American people, led by your great Presi dents —Roosevelt and Truman — there would have been no future for Europe or Aisia, but intoler able servitude.” “Now,” he continued, “we have to organize the world to confrom to the principles for which we all fought. In this immense task, the United States will have to play the leading part. “It is France’s earnest desire to unite her efforts with yours in a spirit of confidence and friend ship.” Both Americans and French of ficials are hoping that De Gaulle and Mr. Truman will get along better than did De Gaulle and the late President Roosevelt. Relations between the latter two were al ways strained. There are countless French pro blems that De Gaulle could discuss with Mr. Truman and other Amer ican officials. But there is agree ment in authoritative quarters that De Gaulle will consider his No.' 1 job the creation of better personal relations with the new American President. De Gaulle said he has come to the United States accompanfed by his Minister of Foreign Affairs, Georges Bidault, to talk things over with the President and to bring the United States the “friend ly salutations”1'of France. ‘*Long live the United States of America!” the General cried. His plane was a four-engine Bri (Continued on Page Ten; Col. 3) Meet To Discuss Recon version With Truman President Harry S. Truman is shown as he rse t and conferred with members of the War Mobiliza tion and Reconversion Advisory Eoard in the Whit e House. Grouped around the President's chair are (1. to r.l: Albert S. Goss, National Grange Master ; George H. Mead, WLB member; James Ci Pat ton, Farmers Cooperative Union; Edward A. O'Nf* !, head of the American Farm Bureau- Nathaniel Pyre, Jr-, Small War Plants Corporation; Anna M. Rosenberg, Social Security Board; O. Max Gardner S°Yernor of North Carolina and Chairmm o f the board; John W. Snvder director of Office of Umon HnU M°PhPWm'am Grfent’ AFL President; 7 • C CasheA, president, 'inte’rnationaTswUchm -Vs Union Holt McPherson, assistant secretary of the b oard; Philip Murray, CIO president- William D executive secretary of the board and William H. Dav is, director of the Office of Economic Sttbilizauun. (International Soundnhntnl ODT Lifts Lid On Home Deliveries; 35,000 Textile Workers Seek Raise CIO Leaders Jump Gun For Wage Increase In Industry WASHINGTON, Ahg. 22.— <£>> — Wage increases ranging from 10 to 27 1-i cents an hour will be sought by the CIO United Textile Workers of America for nearly 35,000 workers in the rayon yard industry. Wesley Cook, assistant director of the Union's rayon division, an nounced today at a end of a two day conference of officials of 17 locals that the union will reopen all contracts which have provisions permitting such actions. Affected are 16 rayon yard pro-< ducing mills in the East. Cook told a reporter negotiationsi will be opened as soon as local unions can meet and ratify the action of the rayon advisory coun cil—probably within two to three weeks. Cook estimated the total increase to be asked at 30 per cent of pres ent wage scales, and said the Union’s aim was to maintain take home pay at 48-hour-week levels as working hours are reduced. The union will asK an immediate 10 cent an hour increase for all workers, and an additional 17 1-2 cents raise adjusted as the work week returns to 40 hours. In some cases where hours have already been cut back, Cook said, the union will ask an immediate raise of 27 1-2 cents an hour. The present average wage for all workers in the industry, he said, is about 94 cents an hour. The plants whose contracts with the union have wage reopening clauses and where an immediate increase will be sought are: Cel anese Corporation of America, Cumberland, Md.; American Vis cose Corporation Front Royal and Nitro, W. Va.; Lewistown, ftieade Roanoke, Va.; Parkersburg and ville and Marcus Hook, Pa.; In (Continued on Page Ten; Col. 2) VICTORY LOAN DRIVE SET FOR OCTOBER 29 BY TREASURY HEAD WASHINGTON, Augl. 22.—(^*)— Secretary of the Treasury Fred M. Vinson tonight fixed a goal of $11, 000,000,000 for the Victory Loan dive and announced the campaign will begin on Oct. 29. Of the total Vinson said, $4,000, 000,000 will come from sales to in dividuals and the remainder from other non-bank investors. The goal for the sal.es of Series E Bonds, part of the individual goal, will be $2,000,000,000. Vinson said the government will need huge sums by December to pay the cost of binging troops back home, mustering-out pay, hospitali zation, rehabilitation, contract set tlement and other expenses inci dent to finishing the war. The goal was set after confer ees with State War Finance com mittees, Federal Reserve System officials, the American Bankers Association, and insurance execu tives. , NAMES MEAN LITTLE TO MACON COUNCIL "**' MACON, —There was no joy today at the Happy Go Lucky beer par lor. Decpite their names, the City Council revoked the licenses of Harry Begood and Tony E. Fair to sell beer at the Happy Go Lucky. The council also revoked the license of the Square Deal liquor store. COUNTY WILL GET DDT TYPHUS TEST Commenting on an Associated Press dispatch from Raleigh last night which placed New Hanover county among four in the s'ate having the highest incidence oi typhus fever, and scheduling the area for DDT dustjng against rat fleas named as carriers, Dr. A. H. Elliott, County Health-officer, stated that work would begin on the project as soon after Labor Day as equipment and labor be came availbale. The text of the dispatch follows: “A project looking to the con trol of typhus fever in the four North Carolina counties which dur ing the last five years have shown the highest incidence of the dis ease, will be inaugurated soon by the State Board of Health in, co operation with the U. S. Public Health Service. “The program is to include “DDT” dusting for rat fleas. The work will be carried on in busi ness establishments and private residences where there are evi dences of rats, or where cases of typhus fever have been reported “Health officers in three of the four counties have expressed a desire to cooperate in the program, Dr. Carl V. Reynolds, State Health Officer said. They are Cra ven, New Hanover and Wilson counties. Sampson county would be the fourth county included. “The programs in the four coun ties will be of an experimental (Continued on Page Ten; Col. 2) f- -- Railroads Also Receive Permission To Run Holiday Trains WASHINGTON, Aug. 22.—(iP) Off comes the limit on home de liveries by grocer and butcher and department store. They can of fer housewives full service aftei Nov. 1. And the railroads have permis sion to run seasonal trains to vacation spo:s. This will be a help to Labor Day throngs—if the railroads can find the cars. The Office of Defense Trans portation thus steered the coun try’s transportation system nearer its peavewie paths. And officials opened wider the peacetime throttle by: 1. Officially lifting the lid on pay raises for white collar work ers. 2. Clearing the way for full free dom in home and business build ing by Oct. 1. The Office of Derense Transpor tation dropped its ban on “sea sonal” passenger trains. The ac tion will let railroads restore more than 50 pre-war seaside and resort trains. ODT also will permit the opera (Continued on Page Ten; Col. 4) RESTAURANT OWNERS TO ATTEND PRICING MEETING ON FRIDAY RALEIGH, Aug. 22.—GP>—East ern. North Carolina restaurant op erators will attend a trade meet ing here Friday, at which “ will be given first hand informa tion on proposed drastic changes in pricing of restaurant meals which become effective Aug. 27. T. S. Johnson, director of the Raleigh District of OPA, said the discussions would center around the various methods “many cafe and restaurant operators have been known to use in rasing prices for meals. In some instances, he said, prices for meals have been in creased as much as 10 to 15 cents a plate. The new regulation, he said, is designed to “practically eliminate (Continued on Page Two, Col. 5.) Elements Of Yugoslavia Clergy Oppose Tito Rule By HENRY SHAPIRO United Press Staff Correspondent ZAGREB, Yugoslavia (Delayed) —Elements of the clergy in Yugo slavia today offer probably the strongest opposition, open or clan destine, to the regime of Marshal Tito. And the clergy is itself divided, with many of its members active ly supporting the government. Among Serbian clergy were hund reds of partisans who fought as part of 1*510’s forces against the Germans, native Quislings and the forces of Gen. Draja Mihailovich, ance war minister in the royal cabinet. Dozens of the priests won decorations for bravery. Today many of them are mem bers of the National Assembly, and one of them, Vlada Zesevic, is Minister of Interior in the Federal government. Croatian political spokesman say that clerical opposition stems from a number of factors, including tra ditional hostility between the ortho dox Serbs and other religious groups: objection to panshav ism, and fear of Communism. Premier Vladimir Bakaric. how (Continued on Page Two, Col. 2.) ; V b MacArthur Lays Down Lip Orders SHIPS TO DISARM __ ' Commander Will Enter Tokyo Next Tuesday ' With Sky Armada J | By RUSSELL BRINES MANILA, Thursday, Aug. 23.— (A3)—General Douglas MacArthur announced today he would enter Japan next Tuesday, weather per mitting, with powerful Allied sea and air landings, and the formal surrender document will be signed three days later in the Tokyo erea. The Supreme Allied Commander of occupation forces also announc ed details of the precise instruc tions sent the Japanese for evac uating key areas, disarming ships and coastal defenses and provid ing direct assistance to the land ing forces. In his midnight announcement to correspondents, MacArthur said that member of the Japanese Im perial General Staff had been alert ed to be on hand from 6 a.m. “D” Day (5 p.m. Monday, U. S. Eastern War Time) to meet the Allied Commander for immediate settlement of occupation problems. MacArthur will accompany Air borne forces which will land at Atsugi Airdrome, 10 miles South west of Tokyo, in a vast convoy of transport planes covered by fighters and bombers. The exact landing time was not announced. Simultaneously, landing craft such as have put thousands of fighting Americans ashore on many Pacific islands will land Ma rines and bluejackets at the fam ous Yokosuka Naval base, on Tokyo Bay approximately 15 miles Southeast of Atsugi airfield. MaArthur said the Amerian fores later will utilize this vital Japanese base, whih the enemy has always losely guarded. Great Allied Fleet units will stand in Japanese waters bulwark ing the landings while didsrmed Nipponese ships remain immobiliz ed, except for piloting or other guide craft. The entire landing area will be cleared of all Japanese military personnel and the great coastal defense guns will be made harm less by having their breechlocks removed. Nipponese civil police and Gren (Continued on Page Ten; Col. 6) C-54 TRANSPORTS 1 BASE AT OKINAWA OKINAWA. Aug. 22. —UP)— A great fleet of C-54 transport planes concentrated here today in prepa ration for execution of an unan nounced mission under the Army Transport Command. (Presumably the planes—great est number of Skymaster trans ports ever assembled on one field ■^are ready to carry Allied occu pation forces into Japan. Tokyo said they would start landing Sun day but MacArthur’s directives to the Japanese, made public later, said the landings would start Tues The operations tent is jammed with pilots from all the glcbe-circ ling ATC runs except the India China leg. Their planes are park ed double in the hardstands that were intended for Lt. Gen. Doo little’s Superfortresses. As each incoming plane brought not only its own five-man crew but another crew and a half as spares, there was a sudden con centration of 2,600 fliers, 1.000 mechanics and 150 administrative personnel here. The operation, under command of Maj. Gen. William Ord Ryan of the Pacific Division of Lt. Gen. Harold George’s ATC, considerably disrupted air travel in the Pacific. In immediate command on Oki nawa is Brig. Gen. Edward H. Alexander, head of the Southwest Pacific Wing of the Pacific Divi sion. His deputy commander, CoL Earl T. Ricks, of Little Rock, Ark., said the planes would return to their proper stations and resume world air service on completion of the mission.