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North Carolina's Oldest Daily Newspaper Published Daily Except Sunday By The Wilmington Star-News R. B. Page, Publisher Telephone All Departments 2-3311 Entered as Second Class Matter at Wilming ton N C., Postoffice Under Act of Congress ' of March 3, 1879. SUBSCRIPTION RATES BY CARRIER IN NEW HANOVER COUNTY Payable Weekly or In Advance Combi* Time Star News nation 1 Week ....-$-30 $-25 1 Month - 1 30 1.10 2.15 3 Months- 3.90 3.25 0-50 6 Months. 7-00 8.50 13.00 I Year _15-60 13.00 26.00 (Aoove rates entitle subscriber to Sunday issue of Star-News) _ By Mail: Payable Strictly in Advance 3 Months ...$ 2.50 $ 2.00 $ 3.85 6 Months . 5.00 4.00 7.70 1 Year ..._ 10.00 8.00 13.40 (Above rates entitle subscriber to Sunday issue of Star-Newi)___ WILMINGTON h i Alt (Daily Without Sunday) 3 Months-$1.85 6 Montbs-$3.70 1 Yr.-f7.40 When remitting by mail please use checks or U. S. P. O. money order. The Star-News can not be responsible for currency sent through the mails. MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS AND ALSO SERVED BY THE UNITED PRESS MONDAY, AUGUST 27, 1945 TOP O’ THE MORNING As the darkness closes ’round them, As they speed on through the night, Thou that slumberest not nor sleepest Keep them, Father, in Thy sight. God be with our gallant airmen! Many plaudits they have won. May they reach the goal of Heaven There to hear Thee say, “Well done.” —Helen Robinsson Dugan. Mr. Dooley Maybe you haven’t heard about Goodrich C. Dooley who is listed in “Who’s Who Among Students in American Universities and Col leges” as “among the nation’s foremost schol ars.” This particular Who's Who is published by H. Pettus Randall, of Tuscaloosa, Alabama. The Federal Trade Commission, looking over Mr. Randall’s business came upon a letter which it claims he wrote to Mr. Dooley. It reads: “You are to be congratulated upon meet ing the highest requirements necessary for your biography to be listed. Prerequisites to selection are character, scholarship, leader ship in extra-curricular activities, and poten tiality for future usefulness to business and society.” The Trade Commission decided he must be a guy worth knowing. So it looked him up and found that “Dooley” is a skeleton which has figured in student capers for more than thirty years. Mr. Randall has promised to tone down his promotion material for his Who's Who. Punishment To Fit Crime Every time there is a revival of Gilbert and Sullivan operettas everybody hums or whistles “Let the punishment fit the crime’’ with gusto, to the discomfort of workers with in earshot. Yet how many people thus in dulging a very natural, if annoying, habit, consider that life might be improved if pun ishment were actually adjusted to fit crime? To do so would involve more than de manding an eye for an eye. It would strike at the real source of the crime, which often enough is not the person who commits it but someone else. Remember Fagin? Out in Wisconsin is a state probation of ficer, by name of G. C. Shipman, who has hit upon a plan for placing responsibility and punishment for juvenile delinquency upon those most to blame, and that is not upon the juveniles themselves, but the families. The Wisconsin State Welfare Department recently published an essay on this subject by Mr. Shipman in which the author suggests a plan by which whole families could be held and supervised for delinquency. Admitting that there is not yet a shred of legal philosophy to support such an experi ment, he describes his proposed institution as something between probation and a prison. He offers such possible name? as Family Insti tute and Family Refuge. Probation is now difficult and sometimes futile because there is no opportunity for im proving the home and environment of the probationer, the state officer argued. He said that probation and parole experi ence in Wisconsin point the way “to an in stitution designed to treat therapeutically and simultaneously all members of a demoralized family.’’ Such arrangements would be a boon to localities which now have no way to handle delinquent families when their heads are im prisoned, he explained. “Experimentation with the Family Insti tute might well be undertaken immediately so that our social and penal services will be better prepared to cope with family problems during the crisis of demobilization and the post-war era,’’ Mr. Shipman declared. New Cars Soon All restrictions have been lifted from automobile production. Manufacturers may turn out new cars as fast as they can move them off assembly lines. Many thousands of civilians who are still driving pre-war cars may soon buy new ones at prices, it is claim ed, only slightly higher than in 1941. They will have many improvements, according to the prophets, especially in combustion by which the mileage per gallon of gasoline will be much greater than in the old days. But there will be no spare tires. The rub ber situation is not yet clear and until it is certain that plenty will be available, the fifth tire will not become standard equipment. This means that owners, however great the urge to eat up the highway miles just to see. how fast the new cars can travel, ought to sup press the desire for speed lest they wear out their tires before they can replace them oi carry on extra on the spare rack. There are many other reasons why fast driving should be discouraged, safety .is among them. But this lack of a spare ought to be viewed in all of its potentialities for disaster. It's The Blood That Counts The feeling that something more than a common language should bind the United States and Great Britain for mutual security, which was so often discussed in the early days of the war in Europe, is being revived on both sides of the Atlantic. Among British leaders even are some who say that unless new bonds are created for binding the two powers closer, Great Britain inevitably must fade out of the picture. They frankly admit that the Empire which has been built up over the years with such difficulty cannot continue to subsist on its own resources, varied as they are, nor survive without American help in a world which will have little in common with the pre-war world. Ibis, of course, is not the view of the conservatives, but of Britons who have watched the world being remolded in recent years and have the vision to under stand what has been going on. This war and the social revolution in Eng land, which antedates the war, has Vitally affected Britain’s place in the world. Instead of emerging one of the two greatest powers her place has been usurped, with the United States and Russia holding top positions. This outs ail three in a diffi’iRt position. Whereas .he United States was a great nation before the war it emerges a great power, with unac customed responsibilities which she will have to learn quickly to assume. To a large ex tent the same situation exists in Soviet Rus sia. She too has new responsibilities which she must learn to meet. Thus the two greatest powers face the postwar world without ade quate training for their new jobs and the third has the necessary training but needs a crutch to lean on. It would be best for the world if the three could see eye to eye, and it appears that on most matters there is more harmony among them than could have been expected. Cer tainly they are in agreement on the primary principles of world peace. But because of the ties of blood and language it must be obvious that Britain and the United States should have a feeling of kinship that cannot include Rus sia, however close may be their friendship for her. It is like twins who have a mutual friend. Their consanguinity cannot extend to the friend, but that does not make the friend ship less cordial. Britain and the United States have many conflicting views. But this does not make it less desirable that they form the closest pos sible affiliation. We cannot very well get along without our cousin across the Atlantic and are morally obligated to play on the same team. First Time Up Now that we have learned that Admiral Halsey has never been on a horse and also that Hirohito’s white steed which he declares he will ride through the streets of Tokyo started life as a California cow pony and has never forgotten Western riding habits, we await fpews of the adventure with added in terest. 50 THEY SAY 80 THEY SAY Homo Sap said that of course God could not bless America while Americans were out to get all they could while the getting was good.—Stillwater, Okla., News-Press. To obtain the best results, tires, like many other mechanical devices, should be broken in under light work.—Office of Defense Trans portation. Some people’s religion consists mainly of the firm belief that Heaven will provide.*—E wardsville, 111., Intelligencer. America will have at least 3,500,000 private flyers by 1960 if increases since 1929 continue at the same rate during the next 15 years.— William A. Mara, Bendil Aviation Corp. Farming is a real business requiring tour age, initiative and, above all, hard work. . . . The people to whom work and initiative and responsibility are disagreeable should never elect farming as a career.—Muncie, Ind., Press' Victorious Russian generals are living in rent free apartments in Moscow. Imagine even finding an apartment! A Canadian vacationist was dumped out ol his hammock by a bear. Looks like Bruin couldn’t wait until winter before beginning his long nap. Grandpappy J enkins wants to know how soon the Japs will tell the truth about their broad casting. station and begin to refer to it as Radio Ex-Tokyo. The man at the next desk says he has just received the most useless birthday gift ever given him. It was a steak "carving set. Meanwhile, Betcha Dollar Dier ups and an- J nounces that in these days of Pullman car shortage the only “sleepers” he ever sees are those he bets on at the horse race track. The Chinese, according to a news dispatch, were using their river junks in their r against the Japs, whose fleet may also oe sidered as of the -junk variety. Several centuries ago coffee was obtainable in France only by doctor’s prescription-imag “ arr-irtw s&js jltjs might hever have come up. Ain’t Nature Grand? It is the season for nature stories in the papers, and a remarkably good season it is, all things considered. In a politically spectacu lar summer like this one, the flow of wonder tales from the wild’vood might be expected to decline. Yet such tales remain abundant, the old perennials are among them as hardy as ever. With new settings, a few changes of de tail, they serve again. The ancient story of the fisherman’s mul tiple haul recurs in several novel and attrac tive forms. For instance, Daniel Boone Spel vin, of Nutmeg Corners, Conn., fishing for eels, feels a tug on his line, pulls in and finds on his hook a frog, a one-pound pickerel, a three pound bass and a whale of a snapping turtle. The frog had taken the angleworm, the pickerel had swallowed tffe frog, the bass had nabbed the pickerel, the turtle had seized the bass, and Mr. Spelvin had caught them all at one fell yank. There is his picture in the local paper to prove it. Although thousands of nature lovers stayed home from the woods this summer in order to tend their victory gardens, their tales of wild animal intelligence show no appreci ble fall ing off. From New Jersey comes one about a rabbit. This rabbit, it seems, visited an Essex county vegetable garden daily for a breakfast of lettuce, carrots and other plants laboriously cultivated and greatly needed by the lawful owners. Traps and other preventive means within the law having failed to liquidate the trespasser, the gardener acquired a dachshund advertised as being a terror to rabbits. Next day after the dog’s arrival the rab bit changed its tactics. Instead of approaching the vegetables directly, it made a series ol tracks on the lawn that lay between the dog house and the garden. From side to side ol the lawn it hopped, tracing a labyrinthine pat tern of spirals, loops, figure-eights, reverse curves, double bowknots and other intricacies known to the rabbit mind. Then it proceeded to business as usual. At this juncture the gardener released the dachshund and egged it on with encouraging words. Instantly the dog was otf, nose to the ground, hot on the rabbit's trail. Many minutes later he was still entangled in the invisible maze which the rabbit had left on the lawn. All that while sat Brer Rabbit in plain sight, thirty feet away, calmly consuming young cabbages and quietly smiling. The Newark Evening News vouched for that one. This is the time of year for stories about the vivacious small-mouth black bass, theii sportiveness, their resourcefulness and their unpredictable personal habits. This year he is at his mischief as usual. Though young anglers in great numbers are still absent overseas and most of their elders are town-bound, the bass continues to get into the papers. For one recent example, when hooked by a pair of Vermont canoeists, he hurled himself out of the water and over the canoe, capsized the craft and made off with an eight-dollar tapered line and a forty-dollar split-bamboo rod, not to mention a multiplying reel. From all parts of the land between Maine and Mississipi come black-bass yarns like that. Most such stories can be counted upon for surprise endings. Thus, the other day, a school man and a telephone engineer, both church members, were casting minnows for bass from a dory anchored above a ledge off the point of an island facing Wolfeboro Bay in Lake Winnepesaukee. After an extra-long cast the engineer had a terrific strike. “Look out! He’s going to break!’’ shouted the schoolman, drop ping his own rod and grasping the dipnet. The creature broke, sure enough. A white collar loon, weight twenty pounds at least, it flew in savage circles round the boat, uttering hideous cries, until it snapped the line at last and vanished in the direction of the White Mountains. Here in the toiling city it is good to know, from letters from fortunate friends and from stray items in the paper, that the bass, the rabbits, the loons and their companions of the woods and the waters are carrying on as usual out there in Vacationland, awaiting the return of a larger audience than they have had this summer. Just now the waxwings are doubtless feed ing in flocks in the cedar trees, storing up for their yearly trip south. The porcupines are looking over spade handles and oar handles with a view to consuming them next winter. The merganser ducklings are almost full grown as they cruise the shores of lake and pond. The gray gulls are wandering inland from the sea, looking for a change of diet, and the nighthawks are winging across the sunsets. They will be there, ready to inspire nature stories, next summer. — New York Times. Editorial Comment TIME TO TELL Shortly after Pearl Harbor a Washington writer spoke of that disaster as the result of a “miscalculation.” This man is generally credited with possessing excellent channels of information during the presidency of Mr. Roosevelt. Furthermore he knows the mean ing of words. And he did not speak of “sur prise’’ but “miscalculation.” In the midst of the war a British official in making some impromptu remarks spoke of the United States having “provoked” at tack by Japan. That significant reference has never been further explained. When Mr. Truman during the 1944 cam paign accused Admiral Kimmel and General Short of blame for Pearl Harbor, Admiral Kimmel publicly denied his assertions in good strong language. There has never been an explanation or in deed any serious attempt at one, of why a message warning the commanders at Pearl Harbor of the possibility of attack. " '.-cmegej-washington Po,T “Old Clothes For Europe” ds Yoa . . WfffE! Britian Healthy But Tired After Five Long Years Of War, Health Ministry Says By HELEN CAMP (Substituting for Kenneth L. Dixon) LONDON, Aug. 26.—(JP)—Great Britain, cautiously congratulating herself for being “singularly free” of epidemics and disease during five years of war, now is looking ahead apprehensively to what the coming winter—especially if it fc severe—may bring. ‘"Up to now the nation’s health has been one of the breath-taking reliefs of the war,” a spokesman for the Ministry of Health said today. “But everyone is so tired now that if we had a sharp winter I don’t like to think what would happen.” Records show that infectious diseases generally have not in creased, and that there has been a decrease in the instance of diph theria. In addition, infant, neo natal and maternal mortality rates and the number of still-births have been the lowest ever recorded. The birth rate is the highest in 15 years. “The two black spots on this record,” the spokesman said, “are increases in tuberculosis and ven ereal disease.” In the case of V. D., which he described as a wartime disease anyway, “part of the increase in cases recorded was due to the na tion-wide campaign urging people to go to centers for teatment and stop the spread of the disease. “Of course,” he added, ‘‘it’s difficult to assess the health of the nation accurately because we have no record of minor illnesses People are tired and rundown and have backaches and colds, but we don’t hear of it.” “A great many people have had a great deal more to do and it hasn’t done some of them any harm,” the spokesman continued. ■'There have been cases of Neuro sis, of course, but these were usual ly where there was a tendency that way before. Looking at the situation as a whole, we feel it may fairly be claimed that the war demonstrated the mental stability of the nation.” The decrease in infant and ma ternal mortality rates he at ributed tc nutritional priorities giving to mothers and children for eggs, milk, meat, orange juice, cod-liver oil and vitamins during the war. ‘‘That class of the population seems almost to have benefited by the concentrated attention given it during the war,” he said. “Or dinarily many mothers would not have bothered to follow special diets for themselves or their chil dren. But during the war food was so important that they collect ed any extra rations they could.” The same, he added, was true to a lesser extent about the popula tion in general. “There has been so much pub licity about foods and how to cook them in order to get the most from them,” he said, "that most house wives are bet er cooks than they were before the war. They sup plement meat with cheese, get all the fruits and vegetables they can, and generally bother with details instead of just feeding their families bread and jam and tea.” The only time England came close to an epidemic during the war was in the winter of 1943-4 when a large number of influenza deaths was reported in Novem ber and December. But the epi demic waneed rapidly and was in no way comparable to that of the last war. The Literary Guidepost By W. G. ROGERS We’re back right where w e began 175 years ago, says Peffer in this book, an important edition to the lengthening list of profound ly helpful studies of our foreign affairs. We washed our hands of Europe when we revolted against Eng land, but they have not stayed washed. A complete break in the ties with Europe, our forefathers thought, would end involvement in Europe’s wars. If for a time that worked, the time was short. Be • yond any doubt whatever, this writer asserts, America is n o w inescapably a part of the world, sharing in world peace and also in world war. Two wars within one deration ought to be proof enough ? says, especially since we enter -1 both despite the most diligent fforts to stay out. He sees two main paths open to merica: “to prevent war or to ake itself strong enough to win ars when they come,” possibly with a system of alliances. $n agreement with other recent writ ers he favors prevention and ur ges’ us to make up our minds to submit to the sacrifice of our so called sovereignty t o whatevei extent international cooperation necessitates. For instance, if a new invasion of Ethiopia threatened, we should have to give up some of our oil export trade, vote money send men and arms to punish the aggressor, and all this bv direc tion of some world league or con gress. The al'ernative would be the creation of a monstrous military state, costing fabulous sums, re quiring two or three years out of the lives of our youth. Europeans and Asiatics are bet ter informed about international affairs than Americans; they have had to be. So the telling points registered by Peffer will be more leadily accepted abroad than at home. If we really hope o be good neighbors, we need to be under standing neighbors, and willing to lend a hand in emergencies. The author thinks intelligence in this field more efficacious than our tra ditional idealism. Daily Prayer FOR A PASSION FOR PEACE In a bitter school Thou hast taught us, O Lord, the awfulness of war. Our whole earth is seamed and scarred with the signs oi strife. Millions will go sorrowing throughout the years because oi the wounds of war. In'.o all this heritage of hurt we have entered, because we, and our leaders, were faithless to Thee. Now, chasten ed, we would pursue the path of peace. With passionate purpose, we would build a new world of justice and peace and brotherhood. God help us to be equal to this hour! Give us, first of all, hearts at peace with Thee; so shall we be in unity with the brotherhood of man. Inspire us, we entreat Thee, O Omnipotent Spirit, with an attitude of peace and good will to all men. Save us from censori ousness toward other men and other nations. By Thy great pow er, deliver us from the grief of greed, and from the sin of selfish ness. Teach us to pray peace, to live peace, all in conformity with Thy beautiful plans for peace. Amen.—W.T.E. NO ENTERTAINMENT HOUSTON, Tex.—(U.R)—Dancing couples at a wayside tavern thought it was "just a brothei act” when two swaggering, rakish ly-dressed "twins" burst onto the dance floor, flourished six-guns and ordered; "All right, shell out the cash!!’ The optimistic impression van ished when one of the robbers fired a bullet through a peanut machine and another into the floor under the dancers’ feet. The holduo men, resembling a vaudeville “brother” act in sporty white straw ,hats. white sport* shirts and dark trousers, netted $258 when the dancers decided they’d better “Shell out the cash.” “Mind” Is Study Subject In Scientist Churches “Mind” was the subject of the Lesson-Sermon in all Christian Science churches and societies on Sunday, August 26. The Golden Text was from Daniel 2: 20, 21. “Blessed be the name of God for ever and ever: foi wisdom and might are his . he giveth wisdom unto the wise, and knowledge to them that know understanding.” Among the citations comprising the Lesson-Serman were the fol lowing from the Bible: “And it shall come to pass in the last days, that the mountain of the Lord’s house shall be established in the top of the mountains, and shall be exalted above the hills; and all nations shall flow unto it. And many people shall go up and say, come ye, and let us go up to the mountain of the Lord, to the house of the God of Jacob; and he will teach us his ways, and we will walk in his paths; for out of Zion shall go forth the law, and the word of the Lord from Jer usalem” (Isaiah 3: 2, 3.) The Lesson-Sermon also includ ed the following passages from the Christian Science textbook, “Science and Health with Key to the Scrintures” by Mary Baker Eddy: “It should be thoroughly understood that all men have one mind, one God and Father, one life, truth, and love. . . .Having no other Gods, turning to no other but the one perfect mind "0 guide him, man is the likeness of God pure and eternal, having that mind which was also in Christ.” (Page 467). 1840 MANSION DESTROYED GRENADA, Miss.— (U.R) _The Glenwild plantation mansion, a widely-known ante-bellum home and show place was destroyed re cerftly by fire. TTie mansion was located three miles south of here, and contained 20 rooms. It was built with slave labor in 1840, Less was estimated at $150,000. A nasturtium leaf contains four times as much vitamin C as an equal amount of lettuce, according to the 1945 Britannica yearbook. notable flier BEING SOUGHT IN JAPmPRisoNs By FRED HA.MPSON Associated Press B'ar Correspondent SAN FRANCISCO _ ** . pation of Japan and liberation"!! war prisoners will soiv. !" ^ mysteries of the Pacific War ^ all over this nation and all thJ v the war bases of the PacifS .^ tors and ground crewmen ^ served or are serving in the Man air wings will be watching for ?' solution to the mystery of the t* 1°',°™01 *"’* if He is Maj. Gregory Bovingto, the Japanese-tauntmg. barrelX, ed, hell-for-leather ace of ,h. S mons. 0i0, Everything about the fellow Ws. dramatic, even the manner of k disappearance, After he disapX ed rumors about him cropped from everywhere. p Boyington, a 31-yea: old piw from Okanogan, Wash., resiZ from the Marine corps before , war and joined Chennaulfs jr, ing Tigers. He was such a bois! terous, rough-and-tumble har living individual that even the run’ ged people making up the soldier*, of-fortune Tigers were a little afra;d of him. He shot down-confirmed —six Japanese before the Tigers were disbanded. The Marine corps, in which he had made plenty of high-rank™ enemies since he cared not a whit about rank for rank's sake, some what reluctantly reinstated him aj a major and sent him into the Solomons in 1943. They were short of fighter squad, rons so Boyington was commission, ed to form a squadron from re. placements, extras, and odds-and ends of other units. The squadron was regarded as a collection of mW fits. Boyington drilled them in the two-plane section, double-section tactics, which became infallible against the Japanese, until they were so tired of training they were ready to revolt. Then—after re covering from a fractured leg from a wine-mess tussle—he led them into action under the name of the black sheep. The squadron which had been swept up from the replacement tents of other squadrons promised for a while to win the war all alone, Thsyshot down so many Japanese, destroyed so many on the ground and knocked out so much shipping they had everybody giddy. And they did it with such a roar and a flourish that you expected them to land with plumes in their hel mets. They took their cues from the burly, restless, swaggering Boyington, who shot down 19 Jap anese personally during their rush to glory. Then at the peak of the fight on January 3, 1944, about a week before he was to have gone home on leave—Boyington shot down hi: 26th Japanese plane over Rabaul equalling the the-American record —dived through a cloud on another Japanese formation with his wing man, and was never seen again. The stunned black sheep searched around the clock. He was reported on New Ireland, on New Britain, on Green island, on Buka, a res cued flier thought he saw him crash-land and swim ashore on some atoll. There were rumors that he was in a Nipponese prison camp at Rabaul, at Kavieng. Some body heard they captured docu ments on Saipan, on Guam, on Palau which stated that he had been taken to a prison camp in Japan. You could never find any confirmation. The Black Sheep, despite their terrific record, were disbanded and the members reassigned to other outfits. Boyington's personal leadership was too much a par! of them. A substitute was out o! the question. , But the scattered members of the old squadron still hope. Why.’ Be cause he told them once—"If yoi guys ever see me go down with 30 Japs on my tail don't worry. I’ll meet you in a San Diego bar six months after the war." And that would be a reunion with all the throttle and prop-pitch she J take. Burlington Mills Buys Into Stark Companies NEW YORK, Aug. 26.-- T'-B lington Mills Corp. today announc ed the recent acquisition of s.o in Stark Brothers Ribbon Corp, General Ribbon Mills. lnc- . '. Brothers Ribbon Corp., Ltd.. Canada and other Stark compm M. T. Stark and J. w will continue in full charge • activities of all Stark e01Jipa,'J which will operate as indepeo^ end self-con ained businesses, announcement said. They a assume management of an. narrow fabric operations t ■ • suit from hte affiliation wi lington. The Stark group, in^‘nlnd, erations in Canada and L s . is the world's largest pro*g ot ribbons, the announcem ed. SURVEY CHILDREN’S J>lEl NEW ORLEANS.-(U.F»-A s‘Uer, made by Louisiana State - j sity revealed that 11.2 pe.r -j, of white school children >n ( leans parish are regularly « j was considered a -'good dl 1 |rj per cent on a “fair” .,ft( 29.2 per cent on a “P°°r fiA Typical diet errors, the stua. ^ included an almost unlfor, anJ of while grain, cereal tJ> a lack of citrus fruits and blec.