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The Wilmington morning star. [volume] (Wilmington, N.C.) 1909-1990, September 06, 1945, Image 1

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_ ____________ | State and National Newo
YqlTtZ—NO. 258. WILMINGTON, N. C., THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 6, 1945 ESTABLISHED 1867*
I New Leader
RABBI S. A. FRIEDMAN
Of B’Nai Israel who will herald
the beginning of Rosh Hashonoh,
first day of the Jewish year 5706
K-ith special services on Friday
evening at 7:00 o’clock._
JEWS TO OBSERVE
NEW YEAR FRIDAY
Special Services Will Be
Conducted At Temple
Israel^ B’Nai Israel
Services by Rabbi Samuel A.
Friedman, new spiritual leader
of B'Nai Israel and Rabbi M. M.
Thurman, of the Temple Israel,
to be held Friday evening will
herald the beginning of Rosh
Hashonoh, the first day of the
Jewish year 5706.
Its history dating back to Bibli
cal times, Rosh Hashonoh in the
Hebrew faith, is a ten-day period
in which mankind is given the
privilege of righting the wrongs
done to other humans and em
phasizes the human element of
self-judgement and penitence. At
the end of this period, Yom Kip
pur, traditionally the Day of Atone
ment, is celebrated, which falls
on Saturday, September 15. On
; tnis day, the spiritual side of atone
ment is the keynote of the ser
vices, with God judging the indi
vidual’s atonement. The concepts
of Judaism hold that on this day,
the Book of Life is closed and
no further atonement is possible.
Rosh Hashonoh is based on a
book of the Bible, Leviticus, Chap
ter XXIII, Verse XXIV: “In the
seventh month, in the first day
of the month, shall be a solemn
rest unto you, a memorial pro
claimed with the blast of horns,
a holy convocation.”
As explained by the late Pro
fessor Abraham Z. Idelsohn in
Ceremonies of Judaism: “Accord
ing to Jewish thought, God con
siders every individual in the
World on Rosh Hashonoh, careful
ly weighing the merits and short
comings of his deeds. From the
| concept of God as the judge,
Judaism began to conceive of God
| (Continued on Page Three; Col. 5)
LEGION^ VISITORS
TO FETE VICTORY
AT MEET TONIGHT
Taking part in a program of Vic
tory meetings being held all over
the state of North Carolina by the
American Legion, Wilmington Post
No. 10 plans a celebration at 8 o’
clock tonight in the American
Legion Home at 3rd and Dock sts.,
according to an announcement
received last night, from the post
commander.
Previously, the fete had been
scheduled to coincide with the
actual signing of the Truce Agree
ment on August 31, but the date
"’as postponed because the actual
signing took place on Sunday.
The public and returned veterans
have been cordially invited to at
tend the meeting.
TO LIFT PRIORITIES
WASHINGTON, Sept. i.—(JP)~
Fnorities for travel on commercial
airlines in this country will be
Bbo] shed October 15, the War .De
partment announced today,
WEATHER
j (Eastern Standard Time)
(By s. Weather Bureau)
orological data for the 24 hours
tnd,nS 7:30 p.m,, yesterday.
i m Temperature
CIO a.m 75; 7:30 a.m 74: 1:30 p.m. 76;
p.m. 76.
Meximimi 76; Minimum 71; Mean 74;
‘Jormal 75.
i Humidity
C30 a.m 100; 7:30 a.m 99; 1:30 p.m. 96:
P.m. 98.
_ Precipitation j
0on • , or 24 h°urs ending 7.30 p.m.—
inches.
» ,since the first of the month—
• inches.
(lr Tides For Today
U c Tide Tables published bj
• Loast and Geodedtc Survey).
Wiirvri High Low
mmgton .— 9.33 anl 4:20 a.m,
Macnv,u 9:58 p.m. 4:33 p.m
nboro InIet _ 7:29 a.m. 1:20 a.m
„ 7:45 p.m 1:30 p.m
Iri«J j:49; Sunset 6:32 p.m.; Moon
Favc, 1 “0Qn'et 6:30 p.m.
eayetteviiie River stage 9.7.
Continued on Page Three; Col. 6)
22,000
OUT AT
FORD’S
NEW CARS STYMIED
Layoffs Add Big Total To
Non-Working Group
Over N a t i o n
DETROIT, Sept. 5.-^P)—Layoffs
of 22,000 Ford Motor Company
production workers, virtually halt
ing all work on new automobiles
in Fort factories here, brought
the total of strike idle in the car
industry tonight to 39,000.
The Ford layoffs, pointing up
the growing severity of the in
dustry’s first major post-war tie
up, were attributed by the com
pany to a shortage of parts which
have been supplied by a strike
closed feeder factory.
There has been no strike at.
Fords, where 3,100 employes pre
viously has been laid off, .but
the layoffs were brought about, a
spokesman said, by the 15-day
old walkout at the Kelssey-Hayes
Wheel Company.
Wheels and brake drums are
supplied the Ford factories by
Kelsey-Hayes, where 4,500 em
ployes have been affected in a
strike over management’s refusal
to reinstate three minor union of
ficials accused of participating
in the ejection of two foremen.
Local 174 of the United Auto
mobile Workers (CIO), presenting
the Kelsey-Hayes employes, called
a meeting of the memership for
tomorrow night for a “full dis
cussion” of the dispute.
New car production has ceased
both at Fords and at the Hudson
Motor Car Company, where 6,
000 production workers went out
in a sympathy strike to support
500 striking foremen.
The foremen, members of the
Foreman’s Association of America,
struck Friday against demotion of
one of their group. The striking
production men belong to the
UAW-CIO.
A series of strikes in half a
dozen other factories left approxi
mately 3,000 additional workers
idle in the auto industry.
RECRUITING OFFICE
The U. S. Army will main
tain an office in the postoffice
for peacetime enlistments, Lt.
L. P. McCormick, enlistment
and induction officer for the
main Recruiting station in Dur
ham, announced yesterday.
Sgt. A. V. Cline, assigned here
as permanent recruiting offi
cer, said he would leave Wil
mington yesterday but will re
turn on Sept. 14 and will begin
taking applicants on that date
in Room 203.
POSTAL RECEIPTS
Postal re' ipts are affected
by the war’s end too, postmas
ter Wilbur R. Dosher said yes
terday. He reported a total of
37,779.53 in receipts for the
third quarter ending in August,
a decrease of $7,154.45 from
the corresponding period last
year.
OPA LENGTHENS
WAITING PERIOD
WASHINGTON, Sept. 5.—(^P)—
The OPA today increased from
lember 15, the -‘waiting period’
pefore a house purchaser may evict
three to six months, effective Sep
a tenant in arder to occupy the
house himself.
The six-month rule will be effec
tive in all areas under Federal
Rent Control unless the area di
rector decides that three months
is adequate.
The National Associtaion of Reai
Estate Boards voiced immediate
disagreement.
While describing the OPA action
as “not unexpected,” a spokesman
said he did not believe it would
help the situation any.
In doubting, the waiting period
for evict'ons, Price Administrator
Chester Bowles said it was neces
sary to ‘‘protect tenants from be
ing forced from their homes in
crowded areas where they cannot
find other places for rent within
their price range.”
“With hundreds of thousands of
tenants facing temporary unem
ployment during the change to
peacetime production,” Bowles said
in a statement, “this is no time to
have furniture piled in the street.
XXX
•‘In many cases, the tenant either
buys a house he doesn’t want, at
a price he can’t afford, or he mak
es a side-payment to the landlord.
These practices must stop. For the
protection of all, we are making
every effort to see that they do.”’
In the case of returning service
men buying a house, the area di
rector may waive the" six-montt
waiting list.
v;
}
Monkeys Screech, Lions
Roar; Noise Kills Macaw
PORTLAND, Ore?, Sept. 5.
—UP)— City zoo officials feel
that somehow they’re getting
off on the wrong foot for the
coming winter rainy season.
A fire pumper was rushed in
recently when the zoo base
ment flooded. The noise dis
turbed the monkeys. They
screeched.
The screeching set the bears
and lions to growling and
roaring. Then a water main
broke in the central building.
At the heighth of the excite
ment, a Macaw, jabbering
frantically in the uproar, drop
ped dead.
DEFENSE CLAIMS
QUISLING “WHITE”
Attorney Charges Britain,
France Planned Nor
way Coup
OSLO, Sept. 5. — (£>)— Henrik
Burgh, defense attorney for Vid
kun Quisling, told the court trying
the former puppet dictator of
Norway on treason charges that
Quisling foresaw the invasion of
Norway and warned against -it
while responsible government of
ficials were “deep in sweet
sleep.”
In his plea in defense of Quis
ling, who is on trial for his life,
Bergh asserted that both Ger
many and the Western powers,
Great Britain and France, had
plans to invade Norway.
Quisling was accused by the
state of bringing plans for an
invasion to the -attention of high
German military officials, and
Bergh, attempting to refute char
ges that Quisling was a traitor to
Norway, pictured him as a human
itarian caught in a maelstrom of
European politics which he could
not understand.
“Quisling knew and repeatedly
warned rur government that Nor
way would be involved in a future
war' and he tried to promote a
stronger defense, which was re
fused,” Bergh said.
Earlier the defense had alleged
that Quisling feared Russia, and
believed that Norway’s foreign
minister was conspiring with lead
ing Bolshevists to seize control of
Norway before the German inva-j
sion.
WORLD’S LARGEST
LAND PLANE MAKES
LONG TEST FLIGHT
LONG BEACH, Calif., Sept. 5.—
(U.R)—1The World largest land plane,
the Douglas C-74 Globemaster, per
formed smoothly today in its first
airborne venture during an hour
and 19 minutes test-flight.
Ben O. Howard, test pilot who
took the giant plane on its maiden
flight, went aloft at 6:C. (EWT)
with the 77-ton plane and gently set
the ship down on the runway again
at municipal airport at 7:28 p. m.
(EWT.)
The commercial version of the
plane, the DC-7, will carry 108 pas
sengers.
“It handled as though it had been
flying for years,’’ Howard said
after'the test flight over the Los
Angeles area. “The test went even
better than anticipated.’’
Gliding into the air 14 seconds
alter it sped down the runway, the
plane was aloft only 15 minutes
when Howard radioed that he
would like to keep it up longer
than first planned.
Wachovia Bank Plans
Big Capital Increase
WINSTON-SALEM, Sept. 5. -
Plans for a $4,000,000 increase in
the capital funds of the Wachovia
Bank and Trust Company were
approved by the directors of the
bank in a special meeting here
today and will be submitted to the
stockholders at a called meeting
on September 20, according to in
formation released here by offi
cials of the bank.
It was stated that when the
transaction is completed, capital,
surplus and reserve funds of the
bank would be approximately
$14,000,000.;
<§4
t/esident
Will Send
Message
ON NEEDED MEASURES
First Sessions Perfunctory
As Members Line Up
For New Debates
By DOUGLAS WALLOP
United Press Staff Correspondent
WASHINGTON, Sept. 5.—(U.R)—
Congrress went back to work today
and immediately plunged into a
mass of legislation topped by
measures demanding a full Con
gressional investigation of the
Pearl Harbor debacle.
Sessions of both Houses were
perfunctory, pending the receipt
tomorrow of a 16,000-word message
in which President Truman will
ask for quick action on bills
which he considers vital for win
ning the peace.
Opening day of the first peace
time session in four years produced
these developments:
T. Sounding a keynote of econo
my, the President recommended
reductions of $3,500,000,000 in the
current fiscal year appropriations
and contract authorizations of 28
civilian war agencies.
2. Rep. Clarence Brown, R., O.,
introduced a resolution proposing
a joint Congressional investigation
of the Pearl Harbor disaster. The
Senate Republican steering com
mitte endorsed an identical pro
posal by Sen. Honker Ferguson, R.,
Mich., which is to be introduced
simultaneously in the House and
Senate. Mr. Truman discussed
Pearl Harbor in a strategy confer
ence with Congressional leaders
and House Speaker Sam Rayburn
said he indicated his attitude to
ward a Congressional investiga
(Continued on Page Three; Col. 5)
STATES AGAINST
FEDERAL PAY AID
WASHINGTON, Sept. 5.—(ff)—
Eight states advised the Senate
Finance committee today that
any Federal supplement of their
unemployment benefits would
necessitate a corresponding re
duction in the payments made to
the jobless by those states.
Four other states replying to
a telegraphic questionnaire from
the committee said Federal sup
plementary payments would make
no difference to the operation of
their state laws. Two of the first
14 states replying gave conditional
answers.
Finance Chairman George (D
Ga) told reporters “these tele
grams put a different light oh
things” concerning the pending,
White House endorsed bill to in
crease the varying standards of
state benefits to a maximum of
at least $25 a week for 26 weeks,
at Federal expense. g
‘‘I think it may fairly be >:said
that these telegrams indicate that
instead of bringing about greater
uniformity, passage of this legis
lation would bring about confusion
and discrimination,” he said.
"Actually, it would leave many
unemployed worse off.”
North Carolina said that if, in
the absence of an agreement be
tween the state and the Federal
government, the latter paid un
employment benefits directly to
an individual, he would be dis
qualified <from receiving state
benefits during the period for which
he claims the Federal payments.
---------_*
Where MacArthur Will Run Conquered Japan
| While Gen. Douglas MacArthur makes ready or his forma] entrance into Tokyo, his future head
juarters are rapidly being put in shape for occupaicy. The “White House” of Tokyo will be the former
J. S. Embassy quarters and this photograph, whidi was flown in from Japan, is the first to show the
lomb-damaged building. The wreckage of automooiles litters the front of the American building
Permanent State Exposition Planned
To Tell Full Story Of North Carolina
_ j.
170,000 Die In Building
AILROAD OF PEATH”
~ CALCUTTA, Sept. 3.—(Delayed)—Hollow-eyed, gauqt survi
vors of the sunken Cruiser Houston and liberated soldiers ©f
the 131st Field Artillery Battalion (Texas National Guard) said
today that Japanese brutality cost the lives of 170,000 persons,
including 131 American and 20,000 Allied war prisoners, in the
construction of the Burma-Thailand railroad.
The crew members of the Houston, sunk north of Ja*a <*i
March 1, 1942, and the Texans were taken immediately to the
142nd General hospital for badly-needed medical care as soon as
they arrived in Calcutta. More than 100 Americans already have
been brought here.
Their stories substantiated reports by liberated Australian
prisoners that the Burma-Thai line was a “Railroad of Death"
in which men died by the score in the heat of the tropical jungle.
MacARTHUR RELEASES
LOCATIONS OF ARMY,
NAVY UNITS IN EAST
(By the Associated Press)
Locations of American Army
and Navy forces occupying the
Japanese homeland and other ter
ritory, as released by headquarters,
of the Supreme Allied Commander:
Army Forces.
First Cavalry Division—On edge
of Tokyo ready to enter the city
Friday, U. S. time.
32nd Division, Sixth Army—In
occupation of Kanoya Airplield
and an airdrome in the Kagoshima
bay sector of Southern Kyushu
Island.
11th Airborne Division—In oc
cupation in the Yokohama-Tokyo
area, including the Atsugi air
drome.
27th (Yankee) Division — On
Okinawa, ready to move into the
Yokohama-Tokyo district.
112th Reconnaissance Team—
Tateyamahojo, Chiba peninsula,
Tokyo bay.
24th Corps—Prepared to occupy
Southern Korea.
10th Army—In occupation in the
Ryukyus.
Naval Forces.
Third Fleet—Toylo bay.
Fifth Fleet—Kyushu Island.
Seventh Fleet—Off Southern
Korea.
Ninth Fleet—Off Ominato naval
base, Northern Honshu.
CAR DAMAGED
A car operated by Mrs.
Dorothy Deanne McFayden
was badly damaged Tuesday
In an automobile accident at
Fourth and Market, involving
Mrs. McFayden’s vehicle and
an army truck driven by Geo.
H. Hoder of Fort Bragg, police
said today.
COLLISION
E. C. Feidler, Rt. 2, Wilming
ton, was arrested for driving
with improper brakes and Mrs.
K. M. Walker of Louisville, Ky.,
was arrested for failure to ob
serve a stop sign, as the result
of a collision of Mrs. Walker’s
car and Feidler’s truck at 17tb
and Castle streets Tuesday
afternoon, according to police
reports. Both vehicles were
damaged considerably.
2.80-INCH RAIN
. FALLS OVER CITY
Rainfall for the 24 hours ending
at 7:30 p.m., yesterday amounted
to 2.80 inches, which boosted the
total inches since the first of the
month, to 3.92 inches.
Paul Hess, Wilmington’s weath
erman, said yesterday that the
heavy rainfall of the past two
days is the result of a small dis
turbance in the eastern part of the
Gulf of Mexico.
The wet weather is in keeping
with the trend that has prevailed
here all summer.
August was a “wet month,” with
20 days of rain for a total of 9.56
inches against a normal of 6.36.
The largest amount to fall in a
24-hour period was on the 16th and
17th when 1.84 inches were meas
ured.
Temperatures during the month
were also erratic, the highest be
ing 91 degrees on the 7th and the
lowest, 62 degrees on the 27th.
SCHMELING HELD
BRITISH ARMY HEADQUAR
TERS in Germany, Sept. 5.—(U.R)—
Max Schmeling, the German box
er who once held the world’s
heavyweight crown for a brief
period, has been arrested in Ham
burg, charged with breach of the
laws of the military government,
it was announced officially to
night.
RALEIGH, Sept. 5.— (A>) —A
long-range project designed to con
vert the State Fair from an an
nual six-day farm exhibit and
show to a $3,000,000 permanent
state exposition, was announced
here today by Dr. J. S. Dorton,
manager of the fair, and now on
leave as State Director of the
War Manpower Commission.
The exposition would embrace
all phases of North Carolina agri
cultural, governmental and indus
trial activity, and honor veterans
of the two World Wars. It would
operate the year around.
In fact, he said, “it would serve
as a one-stop tour of North Caro
lina for the thousands of visitors
finding it impossible to visit the
various points of interest in toe
state. It would be in effect, a
miniature World Fair devoted ex
clusively to North Carolina and its
100 counties.”
The entire project would be
(Continued on Page Three; Col. 2)
SUSPECT IN MURDER
PLOT RELEASED ON
BONDS OF $10,000
BLAIRSTOWN. N. J„ Sept. 5.
(JP)—James C. Gibbs, 56-year-old
Johnsonburg feed store owner and
farmer, who State Police charged
today unsuccessfully plotted a
$500 hired-killer slaying of his
wife, May 5, was released from
the Warren County jail late today
after payment of $10,000 bail.
Gibbs denied any knowledge of
the alleged plot, which State
Police Lt. Carl E. Fuchs said
called for strangulation of Mrs.
Gibbs, gagging and binding Gibbs,
and ransacking his farm and ad
jacent store near here to make
the motive appear to be robbery.
Gibbs’ pleaded innocent when ar
raigned before Justice of the
Peace Thomas N. Hutchinson on
a charge of advocating murder,
and bail was set by county Judge
Clark C. Bowers on the application
of Gibbs’ attorney.
Wrightsville Aldermen
To Protest Rate Raise
In a letter of protest to the North
Carolina Utilities commission, th<
Wrightsville Beach Board of Aider
men yesterday termed the propos
ed rate increase for bus service
to the beach under operation bj
the Safeway Transit company ex
cessive. They further asked tha
the town be given a chance to ex
press its views at the meeting or
the rate hearing scheduled for
September 25 in Raleigh.
Marsden Bellamy, attorney for
the resort town, was approached
as representative for the Beach
and expressed willingness to make
the trip, R. L. Benson, town
clerk, said last night.
The proposed fare changes
would increase rates from 15 cents
to 25 cents one way, an increase
of 66.6 percent and the round trip
from 30 to 40 cents, an advance
of 33.3 per cent.
Meanwhile, another protest ap
peared in the making as a meeting
of Winter Park citizens, headed by
W. M. Robbins, president of the
Winter Park Civic club, was sche
duled for Friday night at 7:30
o’clock in the Winter Park school
house. A raise of 100 per cent in
(Continued on Page Three; Col. 8)
Political Lid Is Off;
Parties Planning Papers
WASHINGTON, Sept. 5.—(VP)—
First outward sign that the lid is
off of politics:
The Republican party is coming
out this week with a newspaper.
The Democrats say they expect
to have one too in about 90 days.
The Republican paper will be
an eight-page tabloid called “The
Republican News.” It will appear
monthly and may be increased to
12 pages by January 1.
It will contain news of the party,
of the Washington scene' and of
political activities in the states,
especially where Republicans are
in the governor’s chair. |
William C. Murphy, Jr., publicity
director of the Republican Na
tional committee, will edit the
publication, assisted by Zachary
Taylor, former New York city
newspaperman.
Murphy said the paper will have
a starting circulation of 150,000
but no paid subscriptions because
of Hatch Act prohibitions. It will
go mostly to party workers.
Sam A. O.Nea}, Democratic Na
tional committee publicity chief,
said committee officers are “talk
ing about” starting a paper.
(Continued on Page Three; Col. 6) i
•>
Vanguard Of U, o. Troops Enter
B^mb-Shattered Tokyo Streets;
bngress Gets Pearl Harbor Bills
lacArthur
To Occupy
Embassy
GOES IN TOMORROW
Control Of Home Islands
To Be Assumed By
Yanks On Sunday
By WILLIAM B. DICKSON
United Press Staff Correspondent
Yokohama, Sept. 5.—(U.PJ—Cem
>at reconnaissance troops of the
United States Army rolled through
)Omb-shattered streets into Tokyo
oday, Vanguard for the crack
First Cavalry Division which wiil
ormally occupy Emperor Hiro
lito’s capital Saturday (Friday
light EWT).
It was regarded as almost certain
hat Gen. Douglas Mac Arthur
would enter the city with the main
first Cavalry Division forces and,
n .that belief, the famous old
Jeventh Cavalry Regiment started
selecting an honor guard today to
escort him.
The reconnaissance troops who
entered Tokyo Wednesday were de
tailed to select buildings for the
permanent occupation of th capital.
Maj. Gen. William C. Chase,
commanding the First Division,
said that he expected his men to
occupy the center of the city where
they will dominate Emperor Hiro
lito’s moated palace.
It was announced that control
of Northern Honshu and Hokkaido,
Northermost of the Japanese home
islands, would be transferred for
mally to American control Sunday
in a ceremony aboard the USS
Panamint, flagshpi of Vice Adm.
Frank Jack Fletcher, commanding
United States Naval forces in the
Northern Pacific.
Japanese emissaries are due to
yisit Fletcher Friday to arrange
[or the surrender cermony.
It was announcd also that 1,000
Airborne troops landed from 75
planes were now organizing the
Kanoya Airdrome in Southern
(Continued on Page Three; Col. l)j
CANADIANS WANT
OWN FLAG, SONG
OTTAWA, Sept. 5.—Canadi
ans would be “Citizens of Canada”
instead of “British subjects,” and
would have their own flag and na.
tional anthem separate from Bri
tain, under a proposal Prime
Minister W. L. MacKenzie King
is expected to project during the
new parliament session opening
tomorrow.
High on the agenda of the ses
sion will be international issues
reflecting Canadas development as
a nation in her own right.
Atop Kings parliamentary pro.
gram are ratification of the Unit
ed Nations Charter and the Bret
ton Woods monetary proposals,
approval of a further $77,000,000
grant to UNRRA, and a means of
financing continued help for
Great Britain.
The Prime Minister’s projection
of Canada as a leader among the
so-called middle powers, rather
than just a segment of the British
commonwealth, will likely receive
considerable attention in th* ses
sion.
-1
STATE GOP LEADER
CALLS FOR REPEAL
OF ABSENTEE LAWS
RALEIGH, Sept. 5.—(#)— In a
statement issued here today, Sim
DeLapp of Lexington, chairman
of the State Republican Executive
Committee, called for a repeal of
the state absentee ballot law, ex
cept as it applies to servicemen.
This, he said, “is the best mean*
of ending elections frauds.”
For a number of year*, he
charged, “the Republican party
has been mistreated at the polls
in many counties of our state by
the fradulent use of the absentee
ballot. Over and over again our
party has protested, sometimes
formally before the State Board
of Elections and sometimes in oth
er ways. Most of our protests have
been ridiculed by the majority
party as the usual complaint* of
poor losers.”
DeLapp was here for the open
ing session of the State Bar Asso
ciation meeting. ^
•>

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