FORECAST Served By Leased Wires
North Carolina—Mostly cloudy and ASSOCIATED PRESS
mild Saturday with scattered show". noOuvln 1 Eila r»HSM
and thunderstorms east and central nor.
*<*>• UNITED PRESS
With Complete Coverage o#
~ ~~ ■ State and National Newo
VOL. 78.—NO. 266._ WILMINGTON, N. C., SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 15, 1945 ” ESTABLISHED 186T
Surgeon and lormer athlete, Col.
Wallace Harry Graham (above),
34, of Highland, Kan., is shown as
he assumed his duties at the White
House as personal physician to
President Truman. Graham •' suc
ceeds Vice-Adm. Ross Mclntire,
arho will continue as surgeon gen
;ral, U- S. Navy. (International)
Chinese, Yank Guards
Search Crew For War
By GEORGE WANG
United Press Staff Correspondent
SHANGHAI, Sept. 14.—The U. S.
minesweeper YMS49—first Ameri
can ship to enter Shanghai har
bor since 1941—today brought in
the captured Japanese gunboat
Atak: which escaped Sept. 9, short
ly after the Japanese signed the
formal surrender for China in Nan
The Ataki was captured at sea.
by an American cruiser which sent
a boarding party aboard to arrest
the crew of 70. She turned ship
and crew over to the minesweeper
which brought it into the Whang
poo river. The crew is being sifted
for war criminals.
I visited the old fashioned heavy
gunboat at the Japanese Nyk wharf.
The crewmen were standing in
rows on a platform, guarded by
three American soldiers on one side
and three Chinese soldiers on the
other. American intelligence offi
cers were questioning them and
searching their personal belong
One of the Japanese was found
with a cigaret bearing the Emper
or’s seal—contributing to the the
ory that there might be important
war criminals among the 70 men
disguishing themselves as ordinary
sailors. Their personal belongings
appeared far too rich for ordinary
naval personnel. They included
stolen woolen yarn and woolen
clothes, and many luxuries.. Most
of the “sailors” had civilian
clothes, including dinner jackets.
One even had a bottle of Johnny
Walker Black Label Scotch.
The disarming of Japanese in
Shanghai was proceeding quiety.
In the early afternoon Japanese
soldiers were seen moving equip
ment, guns, munitions, tanks and
horses to new warehouses designat
ed by the Chinese while Chinese
officers were checking them in.
ending 7:30 p.m. yesterday.
1:30 a.m. 80; 7:30 a.m. 81; 1:30 P-*”’
84: 7:30 p.m. 81.
Maximum 84; Minimum 80; Mean
1:30 a.m. 88: 7:30 a.m. 85; 1:30 P.m.
73; 7:30 p.m. 83.
Total for 24 hours ending 7:30 p.m—
8.00 inches. ..
Total since the first of the montn—
Tides For Today
(From the Tide Tables published Dy
U. S. Coast and Geodetic Survey)*
Wilmington _ 3:42 a.m. 11:09 a.m.
4:30 p.m. 11:55 p m.’
Masonboro Inlet - 1:17 a.m. 7.34 a.m.
2:09 p.m. 8:39 p.m.
Sunrise 5:55; Sunset 6:19; Moonrise
2'03 p.m: Moonset 12:17 a.m.
River Stage at Fayetteville at 8 a.m.
Fnday, ‘14”, 9.2 feet.
Your Star-News Carrier
is a small merchant. He
buys his papers whole
sale and sells them to his
subscribers at retail.
If he makes the maxi
mum amount from his
route he is naturally bet
ter satisfied and will ren
der better service to his
On behalf of the carrier,
we ask that you have his
money ready for him
when he calls on Satur
day to collect.
Thousands Q( Floridians Seek Safety As Storm
In Atlantic///reates Colossal Havoc In Turks
Island Are* f.’MacArthur Suspends News Agency
- _.____ -i- , _
Additional Japanese “Big
Shots” Save Face By
TOKYO, Saturday, Sept, 15.—QP)
—T t. Gen. Masaharu Homma, held
responsible by General MacArthur
for to ghastly “Death March of
Bataan,” arrived in Tokyo to£ay
and told the Associated Press he
was preparing to surrender him
TOKYO, Saturday, Sept. 15.—
—Japan was told today occupation
may end within a year but in the
harsh realities of toe present her
onl. news agency was suspended,
her suspected war criminals were
held or hunted, and two more
high militarists were dead by their
Lt. Gen. Robert T. Eichelberger,
whose U. S. Eighth Army led the
occupation forces into Japan, de
clared “if the Japs continue acting
as they are now within a year this
thing should be washed up.’
“When an insular country loses
its land, sea and air power and
is without raw materials and has
I’g countries sitting on its flanks
it can’t be much of a threat,” he
tcld a press conference.
General MacArthur in another
statement agreed with the view
of Japan’s thoroughly beaten posi
tion, but said nothing about such
an early termination of the oc
cupation — far earlier than most
previous reports had calculated.
The Supreme Commander took
note of ‘‘some impatience in the
press based upon the assumption
of a so-called soft policy in Japan”
(Continued on Page Two; Col. 3)
TO GIVE VIEWS
LONDON, Sept. 14.— W —The
Big Five Council of Foreign Min
isters tonight invited the 32 na
tions which have been at war with
Italy to submit their “views in
writing’’ on the drafting of the
Italian peace treaty.
In addition the Council extend
ed a., invitation to seven smaller
c untries to attend a council meet
ing on Monday, at which they
could express the attitude of their
governments on the settlement of
the Yugoslav-Italian frontier.
The action threw open the peace
question to all territorial demands
which have been made by
neighboring countries upon Italy
aixd her colonies, but it did not
guarantee that any proposals sub
mitted would be adopted in the
fi: 1 treaty draft.
At the suggestion of the Chinese
Minister, Dr. Wang-Chieh, invita
tions were sent to Yugoslavia,
Italy, Australia, Canada, India,
New Zealand and South Africa to
no-ornate representatives to at
ter '. next Monday’s Council meet
ing, a communique said.
Thus both Italy and Yugoslavia
would he given an opportunity to
present their divergent viewpoints
o. the port of Trieste and the
Istrian peninsula at the head of
t. e Adriatic, both of which have
been claimed by the government
of Marshal Tito.
INFORMA TION MEA GER
FROM STRICKEN ISLE
ON BAHAMAS FRINGE
Observer Reports 150 M.P.H. Wind Is Conservative Estimate,
Although Weather Bureau Advisory Says Velocity At Over 100;
Army Evacuates Troops, Planes From Threatened Zone
MIAMI, Fla., Sept. 14.-A tropical hurricane described as relatively small but ex
tremely dangerous roared toward the Florida Keys tonight after reportedly creating
“colossal” havoc in Turks Island with winds upward of 100 miles an fiour. A Turks Island
observer reported to weather officials that the 150 mile wind felt there was a ‘conser
vative estimate.” No other information came out of the stricken island at the eastern
fringe of the Bahamas. The storm at 11 P. M. was centered about 310 miles south
east of Miami moving west-northwestward, and gave no indication at that hour of a
recurve toward the north which would bring it closer to populous cities on Florida’s gold
coast. Six Army men who flew through the storm to its very eye reported its velocity was
gi-cat uicu n tin ccticiieu a puien
tial massacre to any big city it
Weather officials backed up the
army flyers’ report by issuing a
steady stream of warnings to in
habitants of exposed places to seek
safety against tremendous winds
and- high tides.
The 11 p.m. hurricane advisory
from the Weather bureau said:
The hurricane is centered near
latitude 23 degrees north, longitude
76 degrees 7 minutes west or about
310 miles southeast of Miami with
continued west-northwestward 16
to 18 miles an hour movement.
This is a very severe, small
storrr with winds well over 100
miles an hour near the center and
winds of full hurricane force ex
tending 100 miles outward from
With a continuation of the west
northwestward movement the
storm center should pass over the
Florida Keys south of Miami Sat
Indications are for increasing
winds over southeast Florida and
the Keys early Saturday reaching
gale to hurricane force by after
Hurricane warnings are display
ed from Fort Lauderdale to Dry
Tortugas and northeast storm
warnings elsewhere over south
Florida as far north as Melbourne
Extreme caution should be taken
from Fort Lauderdale to Dry Tor
tugas against dangerous winds and
Thousands of persons in exposed
area began to trek to safety un
der Coast Guard, Red Cross and
Weather Bureau urgings and dis- ,
aster committees reported to sta-'
tions as the hurricane equalling
the disastrous one of 1926 ap
ocnoois, ponce stauuns ana uui
er public buildings were thrown
open to refugees throughout south
Florida. The Federal Storm Warn
ing Service estimated that squalls
would be felt in this area tomorrow
morning, building up to gales and
then howling hurricane winds as
the center passed probably over
the Florida Keys Saturday after
The red and .black flags of the
hurrcane warning signal fluttered
in fitful breezes from Fort Lauder
dale southward to Key West and
Army, Navy and commercial
airplanes sped out of the danger
zone, and Coast Guard planes
hedgehopped along isolated beaches
and to fishing boats at sea drop
ping warnings for al1 to seek safety
The Navy evacuated 4.000 men
from its Banana River air base at
Cocoa, Fla., and Air Transport
Command men in field kit were
ordered to shelter under the big
steel-and-concrete grandstand at
Hialeah Park at Midnight.
Army busses were dispatchefl to
the Florida Keys to move resi
dents out. Some persons there
waited, however, hoping to find
transports'ion tomorrow morning.
Few persons from the Florida
Keys had shown up at 8 p. m.
at Homestead on the mainland,
their traditional sheltering spot
when big winds blow.
Pan American Airways turned
all planes around that arrived to
day, flew them to South America.
Puerto Rico, Panama and other
places as “advanced schedule”
regular passenger flights. Air
craft schedules for tomorrow were
Chairman Preston Byrd of the
Homestead disaster committee,
whose district extends to upper
Matecumbs on the Florida Keys,
reported "everything In order,
(Continued on Page Two; Col. 8),
WILL ASK CARRIERS
FOR 36-HOUR WEEK
CHICAGO, Sept. 14.—(TP)—Unions
representing 400,000 AFL railroad
workers announced today they
would ask the carriers to reduce
the work from 48 to 36 hours with
no reduction in weekly pay.
Announcement of the request was
made hy Bert M. Jewell, president
of the AFL Railway Department,
embracing seven unions of crafts
men employed by the lines.
Jewell said notice would be serv
ed on all the railroads with which
the department has contracts on
GTS MAY REAUZE
PARIS, Sept. 14.— m —The
soldiers’ dream of “Home by
Christmas” will come true this
year for the great majority of
G. I.’s in the European theater
of operations, Gen. Eisenhower
In a statement intended to
lighten the burden of Army pos
tal units, the general predicted
that only 700,000 of the 3,100.000
troops in ETO would be left there
by New Year’s Day.
“We are exerting every effort
t» get the greatest number of
soldiers home or on their way
home by Christmas,” he said, urg
ing servicemen’s families to hold
up Christmas parcels “if it ap
pears the soldiers will be on their
way home by Christmas.”
“Last year approximately 30,
000,000 parcels—an average of 12
per man—were handled in the
Christmas mails in this theatre,"
his statement said. “Getting that
mail to Europe was a compara
tively simple matter. Getting it
back—following the trail of a re
deployed soldier—will be a com
plicated task requiring the ser
vice of thousands of Army postal
troops who also want to go home.”
Eisenhower noted that the num
ber of Army postal units is ex
pected to drop from 283 to 127
by December 25.
! WALLACE OFFICIAL
SHOT IN SHOULDER
BY ARMED NEGR°
Mayor Aubrey Harrell, of Wal
lace, was reported in a good con
dition at his home where he is
resting after receiving a flesh
\ ound in the shoulder from a shot
gun charge fired at him by Eugene
Bennett, Negro, of Wallace who
was resisting arrest for violation
i a minor city ordinance, Chief
of Police N. D. Boone reported
Chief Boone said that Bennett
had been warned about repeated
ly filling in a drainage ditch near
his house and that a warrant had
fir.ally been sworn out for him. It
was when a party of police and of
ficials attempted to serve the war
rant at about 9 p.m., Thursday,
that Bennett started shooting.
Mayor Harrell was hit by the
first shot, believed to be either
No. 6 or 8 chilled shot, and Ben
nett fired again at a policeman in
the party but missed him. He then
reloaded and fired several more
shots and barricaded himself in
his house necessitating the use of
tear gas, it was reported.
When the gas shell was fired
into the house, Bennett ran out of
the back door and escaped.
Mr. Boone said that bloodhounds
were brought from the state prison
camp at Wilson and the Negro was
finally catured about 4 o’clock yes
Bennett was given a hearing
yesterday afternoon and bound
over to Superior Court under a $5,
000 bond on a charge of assault
with a deadly weapon with intent
to kill resulting in serious injuries.
Congress Tackles Ship,
Lottery, Other Problems
WASHINGTON, Sept. 14.—m—
Congress picked its Pearl Harbor
investigators today. House Re
publicans set out to pick up votes.
And Congressmen tackled such
1. Surplus merchant ships.
2. Government reorganisation.
3. The Navy’s slae.
4. Farm prices.
5. A national lottery.
The inquiry into what happened
at Pearl Harbor—and why—won’t
start for a while. The investigating
committee meets Tuesday to make
House Republicans made plans
Cor next year. Now 29 shy of a
majority, they want to snatch
House control from the Demo
crats in the 1946 election.
Today they tossed ideas around.
Such as quick lifting of war-time
controls and tax reduction. Later
they expect to mold the ideas into
a short but “positive” party pro
gram. They hope it wins friends
and influences people—to vote
This was a Navy day in Con
President Truman suggested a
(Continued on Page Two; Col. 2)
Hoey, Bailey Support Parker
North Carolina’s senators, Clyde R. Hoey (left) and Josiah W.
Bailey (right), pause to talk on the White House steps after visiting
President Truman to urge him to elevate Judge John J. Parker of
Charlotte from the 4th u. S. Circuit Court of Appeals to the U. S.
Supreme Court Bench. Judge Parker is a Republican but Democratic
forces are espousing his appointment to succeed Justice Owen J.
Roberts, retired. (AP Photo).
Ford Production Ends;
50,000 Men Are Idle
DETROIT, Sept. 14.—<A’>— The
Ford Motor Company quit virtually
all production today, laying off
50,000 workers and attributing the
move to “crippling and unauthoriz
ed strikes” against suppliers.
A statement issued over the name
of Henry Ford 2nd, executive vice
“In two and a half months we
have produced less automobiles
than we could in three hours of
normal production and the major
reason is that these continued out
breaks by irresponsible labor
groups are impeding the regi' ,r
progress of reconversion.”
The Ford Company’s action came
as a climax to weeks-long labor
strife in the Detroit area. Today’s
Ford layoffs brought to approxi
mately 80,000 the number of idle
auto industry workers here and in
neighboring Windsor, Ont., where
a Ford strike was in its third day.
Total Ford employment prior to
the layoff was 109,000.
“It is time the country as a
whole recognizes the seriousness qf
(Continued on Page Two; Col. 7>
J. BAYARD CLARK
ON PROBE GROUP
Representative J. Bayard Clark,
of Fayetteville, yesterday was ap
pointed one of five House members
to serve on a joint Congressional
committee to investigate the Pearl
Harbor attack according to an As
sociated Press dispatch from
Senate Majority Leader Barkley
oi Kentucky was named to head the
From the Senate, George of
Georgia and Lucas of Illinois,
Democrats, and Ferguson of Mich
igan and Brewster of Main, Re
publicans, were named to serve.
From the House, besides Clark
—Cooper of Tennessee, and
Murphy of Penn,, Democrats;
Keffe of Wisconsin and Gearhart
of California, Republicans.
The group will meet Tuesday to
organize. Barkley’s election as
ch&irman then is a foregone con
It was he who introduced the
resolution for an inquiry into all
circumstances of the Japanese at
tack which knocked but eight
American battleships and plunged
country into war.
By President, Cooper will be
named vice chairman.
With these details attended to
the big immediate question for the
committee will be the selection of
a general counsel. The counsel for
any Congressional investigatory
committee plays a big hand in the
direction the inquiry takes.
(Continued on Page Two; Col. 2) i
CASE OF GOERING 4
LONDON, Sept. 14.— W) —War
crimes indictments against Her
mann Goering and 23 other top
Nazis are nearly ready, it was dis
closed today as Britain announc
ed appointment of 14 prosecutors
for the coming trials at Nuern
Sir David Maxwell Fyfe, Attor
ney General in the Churchill war
time government, and Solicitor
General Sir Frank Soskice head
the British prosecutors.
Fyfe’s successor in the Attlee
government, Sir Hartley Shaw
cross, will go to Berlin soon to
confer with the American, French,
and British chief war crimes prose
Justice Robert H. Jackson, chief
American prosecutor, has gone to
Nernberg, and later will go to
Berlin, where the organizational
meeting of the court will be held.
A spokesman for the American
prosecution indicated that the in
dictments would be presented—
and presumably made public—at
the initial meeting, or soon there
Meanwhile a Vienna broadcast
said the Austrian cabinet had #et
up two commissions to help pre
pare for the trials.
One will get together dossiers of
the major suspects, while the other
will list lesser suspects to be trie*
by Austrian courts.
FOUR SCHOOLS OVER
NEW HANOVER COUNTY
H. M. Roland superintendent of
education, disclosed yesterday that
four County schools were damaged
by heavy rains recently, with the
greatest amount of damage occur
ing to the Winter Park school,
where two classrooms located in
the basement were abandoned be
cause of the high water table hi
Mr. Roland said that the enroll
ment of the school had decreased
to such an extent that the class
rooms were not needed; however,
he said that as soon as the water
decreased enough, new floors would
be layed. In the meantime, the
rooms have been locked and pumps
are being kept busy. He disclosed
the depth of the water to be only
a few inches.
Four boiler rooms in the County
schools also were damaged, with
the Maffitt Village facilities being
damaged most seriously. Other
dama .e was only slight.
BELGIUM TO KEEP
U. S. HELP GOING
WASHINGTON, Sept. 14.—CU.R)—
Belgian Foreign Minister Paul
Henri Spaak advised the State De
partment tonight that this country
has no intention of “interrupting
abruptly” reverse lend-lease to
the United States.
Spaak is here to discuss lend
lease matters with American of
Belgium is one of the few coun
tries whose reverse lepd-lease aid
exceeds lend-lease received. The
United States “owes” Belgium on
that account. No late iofficial fig
ures are available because the
bulk of Belgium's reverse lend
lease has been provided since V-E
Day coincident with redeployment
of American troops.
But Belgian officials estimate
that they have furnished about
$120,000,000 worth of aid to Amer
ica. The last official figure on
lend-lease exports, cumulative to
July 1, lumps Belgium and Lux
embourg together and shows they
had received $42,057,000 of which
more than $37,000,000 was food.
“Belgium has extended, and is
still extending, mutual aid to the
American troops—and to an ex
tent largely exceeding the amount
of American aid,” Spaak reported.
(Continued on Page Two; Col. 2)
DADE COUNTY OPA
OFFICIAL HELD ON
MIAMI, Fla., Sept. 14.— (U.R) —
John H. Colt, Dade County OPA
executicve, was today placed un
der $2,500 bond on charges of con
spiracy and accepting bribes from
two restaurant owners.
Richard G. Danner, special agent
in charge of the Miami Federal
Bureau of Investigation, charged
that Colt had received $500 from
James Cornick, a restaurant own
e- and $750 from Billy Davey,
night club operator, to “fix” OPA
Colt is chairman of the Dade
County War Price and Rationing
Danner revealed that Colt had
been arrested in 1920 in New York
under the name of Isadore Cohen
on charges of taking stolen goods
into the state. He was convicted
o' grand larceny at Mineola, L. I.,
in Nov. 1929, Danner said. In June,
1936 he was arrested in New Jersey
as a fugitive from justice on
charges of abandonment.
Roger E. Davis, U. S. Commis
sioner here, held preliminary hear
ing today, but took no testimony.
Final hearing was set for Sept. 20.
Nazi Editors Kept
100 Choice Insults
BERLIN, Sept, 14.—WP)—Otto
Dietrich, Hitler’s personal pub
licity man, advised Nazi news
papers during the war to keep
handy on editorial desks, a
numbered list of 100 insults and
epithets, for use against United
Nations countries and their
leaders, the newspaper Der
Morgen, said today.
He gave examples, the news
paper said, such as gangster,
stooge of world Jewry, enemy
of mankind, and told editors the
most effective use of them
could be made by employing
odd-numbered epithets 1 to 25
the first day, even-numbered
epithets 2 to 26 the second day
and so on.
By MERRIMAN SMITH
United Press Staff Correspondent
INDEPENDENCE, Mo., Sept. 14
—President Truman returned home
tonight for a week-end in this quiet
western Missouri town and a visit
with his 92-year-old mother.
The President’s special plane,
bringing the first lady back to In
dependence also, landed at Kansas
C" municipal airport at 8:03 p.m.
(EWT) after bucking strong head
The Presidential special plane,
“The Sacred Cow,” pulled up at
the north end of the field, distant
from the airport station, and the
President and Mrs. Truman step
ped out to be greeted by Miss Mar
garet Truman, their daughter, and
Miss Mary Truman, the President’s
Mr. Truman read some dispatch
es, handed to him by Lt. Col. De
witt Greer, and then posed for
photojraphers before climbing into
a waiting car with his wife, daugh
ter and sister for the ride to the
summer White House.
The seven-year-old twin daugh
ters of Mr. and Mrs. G. Rahm,
Phyllis and Barbara, wanted to
sell the chief executive a forget
me-not for the Disabled American
Veterans but Secret Service men
recommended that they visit the
President’s offices in the Federal
huilding tomorrow. ‘
The little girls said they’d be
there bright and early.
Others in the Truman party in
cluded Miss Rose Conway, the
President’s personal secretary, and
Mrs. Alvin J. Accola of New York,
an old family friend.
Whither Experts Fill In
Blank Space In Forecast
WASHINGTON, Sept. 14.—(JP)
The biggest blank spaces in the
world’s weather map were filled
in today, making easier a good
guess on Monday what conditions
will be next Saturday on the
other side of the globe.
The fill-in was accomplished by
U. S. action in taking over Jap
anese meteorological operations,
and a Moscow announcement that
Russia now exchanges weather in
formation with America nearly 1,
000 times a day.
These strides in accurate fore
casting were welcomed by the
U. S. Weather Buread. Officials
said they would be of inestimable
value in providing complete re
ports for expanding commercial
As for long-range forecasts, I.
R. Tannehil, chief of synoptic re
ports and forecasts, said predic
tions are now being made twice
a week for five days in advance.
"At the end of the fifth day,”
he said, ‘‘our chances for success
are about 50-50. That’s why pres
ently we aren’t stretching it be
yond that point.”
What the future holds for in
(Continued on Page’Two; Col. 5)
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