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Homing i^tar North Carolina's Oldest Daily Newspaper Published Daily Except Sunday By The Wilmington Star-News R. B. Page. Publisher _ Telephone AO Departments 2-3311_ Intered as Second Class Matter at Wilming ton N. C.. Postoffice Under Act of Congress W ’ of March 3. 1879.__ SUBSCRIPTION RATES BY CARRIER IN NEW HANOVER COUNTY Payable Weekly or In Advance Combi _t*“S 1 Month--- 1-30 1.10 2.15 9 Months- 3.90 3.25 8.50 6 Months_......_... 7.80 6.50 13.00 1 Year -""“. 15.60 13.00 26.00 (Above rates entitle subscriber to Sunday Issue of Star-News)_ By Mail: Payable Strictly in Advance ~ 9 Months ...__S 2.50 $ 2.00 $ 8.85 9 Months — _ 5.00 4.00 7.70 1 Year . 10.00 8.00 15.40 (Above rates entitle subscriber to Sunday issue of Star-News) _ * WILMINGTON STAR (Daily Without Sunday) 8 Months-$1.85 6 Months-$3.70 1 Yr.->7.40 When remitting by mail please use checks, or U. S. P. O. money order. The Star-News can not be responsible for currency sent through the mails._ MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS AND ALSO SERVED BY THE UNITED PRESS WEDNESDAY DECEMBER, 19, 1945. TOP O’ THE MORNING So hallowed and so gracious Is the time Wherein our Saviour’s hirth is celebrated. William Shakespeare. Four Shopping Days Left Counting today, there are but four shopping days left before Christmas - not much time to complete that list you carry in pocket or •hopping bag, but there’s nothing anybody can do about that. Maybe you are having trouble finding what you had in mind for this or that member of the family or friend. The shortage of civilian goods is far from over. The only thing to do is substitute what you can buy for what you wanted, and get it off your mind, and into the mails too, if it is for someone at a dis tance. The merchant* are doing the best they can to meet the Christmas demand, and doing a fine job at that, as is the post office. But a Merrier Christmas will be had by all, in cluding store and postal clerks, if holiday •hopping and mailing are disposed of not on Christmas eve, but before. Jap Navy, Before And After When the United States entered the war with the Pearl Harbor attack, Washington knew little of the actual strength of the Japa nese Navy. Japan ended the Washington treaty in 1936 and thereafter American military In telligence gained little knowledge of Tokyo's naval construction. Now that Admiral King has made his final report on the war, to which an appendix showing the Japanese nav al program is added, it is learned for the first time that the United States had a false impession thereof. Captain Frederick Oliver, U. S. N. retired, writing in the Christian Science Monitor, notes that in 1941, the best information available to the American public gave the Japanese Navy strength as ten battleships buiilt and from four to eight under construction; seven to nine carriers completed with seven to nine building; 45 cruisers built with' 55 under con itruction; 186 destroyers in commision with 138 building, and 70 submarines launched with 80 under construction. me prewar srrengm estimate was iairiy ac curate. The report shows Japan Had ten battleships, nine carriers, 39 cruisers 113 de stroyers and 63 submarines. It was on pre-war construction estimates that our intelligence service erred. Japan completed but two battle ships. Whatever additional hulls were on the ways, both for battleships and heavy cruisers, probably were converted into carriers. Concerning the destruction of Japan’s Navy, Captain Oliver writes: “The relatively light loss of Japanese battle ships prior to 1944 indicates how difficult it tvas to get at these ships until the sweep of United States seapower across the Pacific provided bases from which the inner citadels of Japan could be raided. The report definite ly states that the battleship Haruha, several times claimed sunk beginning with the Army report from the Philippines Dec. 9, 1941, did not go down until July 28, 1945. ' Carriers lie far from the scene of action putting off and taking on their planes, so it is no surprise to find that only one of them was accounted for by fleet action. Planes downed 10 and submarines 4.” “Destroyers were sunk all the way from Alaska to the Solomons. In 1941 Marine shore batteries on Wake Island sank two, and two more were downed in the actions in the Dutch East' Indies. PT-boats, Navy planes, torpe does, and gun fire all took their toll of de stroyers. “The range of submarine sinkings was over an even wider area, extending from the Aleu tians to New Zealand. Every type of weapon played a part in their disposal, lumbering PTY flying boats having credit for two.” Complaint Unjustified Notwithstanding the complaint in England at the United States refusal to make the Empire an outright gift of billions, neither the peopie or the government of this country are as sel fish or grasping or dollar-mad as charged in London. Only a disappointed applicant for - - - ') charity could entertain tnat view. The fact is quite the contrary. We have al ways been Santa Claus to the rest of the world and often just an easy mark for mooch ers. The ease with which foreign nations re fused to pay their debts after the former World War is ponvincing evidence of this. And it is not to be forgotten that Great Britain was among the nations which repudiated that debt. ?Iow we face the necessity of being the bread basket for a large part of the world. We had no part in impoverishing the peoples of Europe facing starvation. Hitler did that. We merely sent our armed forces across the Atlantic to help free them from German free booters, and played a conspicuous part in forc ing the collapse of the German military might. But because these peoples are helpless and must starve or freeze this winter unless we succor them, we are rushing relief without thought of repayment. This is what makes Britain’s complaint so unjustifiable. It might be thought that Eng land alone suffered at the hands of the Ger mans, from the attitude taken by Winston Churchill and his conservatives in Commons because we demand that Britain repay the loan just made with small interest and over a long period of time. Peanuts Point The Case Among the surplus properties being turned over by the Army and Navy are 26,827,157 eight-ounce cans of salted peanuts. They have been shifted to the Agricultural Department, which is distributing them to government agencies, local government, non-profit institu tions and veterans—the later, perhaps, in lieu of jobs and homes. Attention is directed to the item to illustrate the heavy buying done by the Army and Navy, both of which went into the nation’s markets and plants apparently with the intention of cornering all production with no regard either for their own actual needs or the needs of the civilian population. Looking back to the start of the war it is remembered that one article after another in popular demand disappeared from stores en tirely, or were available in quantities too small to help the buying public at large, and the only explanation was that they had been earmarked for the Army or the Navy. The consequence was that while the public went without, warehouses of both branches of the military service were overflowing with un needed and unusable supplies which were left to rot or to spoil. The pity of this is that while the public is still going short, none of the spoiled supplies can be brought back for civilian absorption but is a dead loss, at heavy expense to the taxpayers. There is the case of a warehouseful of butter on the Pacific coast that went rancid, and more thousands of pounds shipped to the southwest Pacific and left on open docks to melt, while the public went without much of the time and could buy it only occasionally with almost prohibitive ration points and in flation prices. No one wanted the armed forces anywhere in the world to suffer for food_ staples or luxuries, but certainly the people generally have just complaint of the overbuying by the service of supply. The Yamashita Case It is not to be forgotten that a stay of execution does not cancel a death sentence. It indicates that a higher court, on appeal of the condemned, will review the action of the trial court with several possibilities in mind, among which are an order for a new trial or assumption of authority itself. This is what is involved in the United States Supreme Court’s stay in the case of Yama shita, the Japanese general condemned to die by an army commission, who is best known as the “Tiger of Malaya’’ and who is charged with permitting wholesale atrocities in the Philippines. It does not necessarily mean that he will get another trail or that the Supreme Court will take over. But if the public had its way, Yamashita would have had no more than a drumhead court martial and been executed forthwith. If half of what is told of him is true, even that is better than he deserves. Sounds Like Contradiction What sounds like contradiction is found when the Star declares in £ headline there is no hope of eradicating bootlegging and another newspaper announces only a meagre 4 per cent of the nation’s third largest corn crop can be utilized as intended. Perhaps an explanation is in order. The Wall Street Journal says there is plenty of corn but tlut most of it is "soft” and because of its moisture will not keep well and therefore is not wanted by factories for sugar, starch, oil and syrup. Consequently a large portion of the crop will be fed to pigs which* will mean more pork, which will please pork eaters, but is not likely to bring comfort to users of mash in the backwoods. QUOTATIONS Proponents of military training frequently are asked whom we are preparing to fight. Quit* aimply, we are going to fight i ny inter-, national ruffian who "attempts to impose his will on the world by force.—James V. Forre stal, Secretary of the Navy. * • • This country can occasionally spend more than it makes to meet an emergency, as it has done during the war. But it cannot keep on piling up debt indefintely without catastro phic consequeces.—Wilmington. Del., Journal. Fair Enough By WESTBROOK PEGLER (Copyright, 1945, By King Features Syndicate) NEW YORK, Dec. 18—The way it began was she started manifesting patient resigna tion the way they do when they are just about to bust out and give you that old second act curtain, and, if you are smart and know the signs, when they get that way, the best thing to do is beat them to the punch. So 1 had been hearing about this thing called “Car ousel” and, after all, when I came to think of it, there was some merit in her position because the last one we saw together was, “Ben Hur” or “Way Down East” and I figured the best way to avoid trouble is a little appeasement and take her out to see something and then, afterward, slap her across the face with some lobster Newburgh and a slosh of wine and so home and to bed. So, of course, I didn’t bust right up to the window and ask for two because that isn't the way you do it in New York any more than you walk up to the cashier’s cage at the main office of General Electric to buy a couple of shares and you have to get in touch with a broker. And, moreover, the way things are, you don’t ask for the show you want to see but ask what they have got and if they happen to have what you want, why that is a gilligaloo and calls for a round of roodles. That is how-come we happened to go tp “Carousel” and, while it didn’t have anybody with a red nose and baggy pants and you had to think up your own laughs or do with out, still it was a very nice Theatre Guild kind of piece and we liked it all right and no complaints whatever. But 1 got to thinking afterward, hey, what goes on here, anyway, and what is the idea because you don’t really notice it at the time, with all the pretty little thrips jiggling around and singing songs, but when it is over you realize that for the hero they pick a character who is just about the low-downest rat you ever saw and the villians are both leece just because they don’t do any sleeping around and work hard, tend to busi ness and ride in carriages. The hero is a barker for a merry-go-round and from where I sat it seemed like he and the widow-woman who owned the pitch were playing house together and then they take it on the road and they are playing a stand in some New England mill town back around 1830 and all of a sudden he is arching his neck at a sad, pretty little orphan factory girl who lives in one of those old-time company boarding-houses and they get married. The next thing you hear is he gives her a pop in the snoot and then she tells him woman’s greatest secret and that makes him feel i*eal good and he is sorry, in a sort of way, that he took a swing at her. But, instead of’turn ing to and working hard to make a decent home and provide for the baby, he listens to a tempter and they plan to stick up the old guy who owns the mill and kill him and grab the payroll which he is carrying according to his routine. The stickup goes haywire and so he kills himself, leaving the poor girl to go it alone for herself and the baby. Now you wouldn’t think anybody would have the gall to try to sell you that for a hero but tms Molnar, an Austrian, I think, who did the origirfal version as a drama called ‘Lihom,’’ goes to work on you and the first thing you know you are bawling your heart out because he goes up to heaven and feels terrible over what he went and did. Why did he do like that in the first place and why didn’t he shake himself together urn square and be a man, you forget to ask yourself. Aijd you are almost hissing the old guy who owns the mill and the young fellow the same age as the hero, who plans tc catch a lot of herring and buy a boat and then ano er and finally a fleet, and, moreover, does it. You are supposed to hate them and, like a sucker, you let them push you around and put ideas in your head. 1NUW wnat about those old mill-towns and the company boarding houses for the country girls’ Well, John Flynn once did a book,called Men of Wealth” in which he said the old Yankees who founded Lowell “In Their Hard New England Way” established St. Anne’s church and later a Catholic church “to bring the unruly Irish immigrants under some sort of discipline,” and prohibited liquor and even ight and frivolous conversation in these homes and hired widows to manage them. e tells us that when rumors spread in Boston about you-know in these houses, a committee of clergymen investigated and said they were all just a pack of lies. True he said hey were working 11 to 13 hours a day and that in God’s own good providence they were too fatigued at night for sins of the flesh” which, without going into details, is just a lot of nonsense as Mr. Flynn well knows. Let us not sound a lewd note, but those old Yankees didn t have any such assurance and knew bet ter and the fact is that piety was almost a vice with them, they were so severe and righteous. Well, that is about all I had on my mind but we were half-way through supper over at Moore’s when she said if it had been her she would have picked up a brick or a kettle or anything and knocked his brains out, anybody taking any pops at her, and if that isn’t the only reason why I ever took up wife-beating it will do for all the others. But, can out imagine,*just because a fellow owns a factory and takes nice care of the morals of the female help and just because the other one is ambitious and smart and a hard worker, why ipso dipso they are a couple of loustriches and just because the other one is a sleeper, a bum, a wide-beater and, finally* a stick-up with intent to kill and slay, why he is an Elk, and I will bet that not one in a thousand of the clients who see it have th keen, analytical faculty and the splendid mor al sense that enables me to resist such cor rosive propaganda. By that time the crowds were thinned out so we got a cab easily and home by half-past one, and I estimate that “Carousel” will hold her for another year, anyway. “BUNDLES FOR BRITAIN, 1946”_ its lousy. / Burr we ll / TA KE I T1. In Great, Tragic Double Cross, Japan Told Nazis OfPeace Plans With U. S. BY MURLIN SPENCER AP Staff Correspondent TOKYO, Dec. 18. — (£>)—In a great and tragic double pross, Ja pan disclosed to the German gov ernment in July of 1941 the terms of its proposed plan for peace with America even before it was for warded to the United States. Prince Fumimaro Konoye’s memoirs disclosed that then For eign Minister Yosuke Matsuoka ordered a subordinate to inform Germany of the plan at a time when the United States was seek ing assurances of Japan’s good faith. Konoye, three times Premier of Japan who committed suicide Sunday, related that negotiations which had been going on since April halted when Germany at tacked Russia in July of 1941. Matsuoka, whose arrest has been ordered by General Mac Arthur, prevented Japanese ac ceptance of an American peace plan early in 1941 and stalled the conversations for eight days while he sought to learn Germany’s at titude on the negotiations. Konoye said Japan was surpris ed by the German attack on Rus sia and indicated strongly that Japan, although a member of the Tripartite (Axis) pact, was not ad vised in advance. With the negotiations halted, Konoye’s memoirs continue, Presi dent Roosevelt sent him a message asking for definite word refuting reports that "'Japan will start military action against the Soviet.” U. S. Ambassador Grew deliver ed the note direct to Konoye, the former Premier wrote, and that angered the by-passed foreign Minister. Konoye assured Mr. RoOsevelt Japan would not move against Russia (the cabinet already had met and decided not to start ac tion "for the time being.”) But he said he took the opportunity to ask if the United States "really has intentions of entering the European war.” To this question, Konoye wrote, the President replied on Aug. 16 that “the motivation of the right of self defense against Germany is natural.” The note continued—“sarcastic ally” Konoye thought—that “at this time the United States will re gard those who force the United States to stand by idly as the co horts of the armed aggressors.” Konoye said that earlier in July Matsuoka went to Emperor Hiro hito and made this statement: “Today, with the German-Soviet war having started, Japan should co-operate with Germany and at tack the Soviet Union. For this it is best to hold back temporarily from southern regions, but we will have to fight soon.” Konoye sought to clarify Japan’s position by writing a note to Ma tsuoka. He told his Foreign Minis ter that until the Russian .problem was settled, no show of force should be made in the soqth Pacific and “from this viewpoint it would be good to suspend such action as oc cupying French Indo-China.” , Konoye declared it was impera tive that Japan obtain American help in filling sore needs for var ious materials, and that it was - important to begin immediate peace negotiations with Chungking through United States help. Matsuoka replied he was in fundamental agreement and said that “from today I will think of the American problem seriously.” Konoye wrote that the United States in returning a revised, ne gotiation plan on June 21, 1941, i deleted a Japanese proposal that the two countries co-operate in meditating the European war. In Konoye’s view, that "Implied that the United States would until the very end drive ahead for the destruction of Germany.” The United States also told Kon oye in an oral statement “it had been ascertained” that some Japa nese in influential government positions had pledged “to support national Socialist Germany and its conquering policy.” That, said the late Prince, made Matsuoka “increasingly more un co-operative,” and he demanded that the negotiations with the Unit ed States be cut off. Unable to stand against Matsuo ka, Konoye said he called on the Army, Navy and Home Ministers and obtained from the Army and Navy a joint opinion that: 1. Japan’s attitude toward the European war should be decided by treaty obligations and the neces sity of self-defense, while demand ing the right to use force in the Pacific if necessary. z. ii a oreaAuowii was uumc in negotiations, the breakdown “should be delayed until after we occupied French Indo-China.” Matsuoka finally approved the revised plan on July 14, 1941. It differed from the American plan of June 21 that it revived the ar ticle proposing joint action to terminate the European war. (Ger many was winning at the time and Japan’s plan would have left her master of Europe.) “Since such a Japanese counter plan at last had been completed,” Konoye wrote, anyone would think that it immediately would be car ried to the American side. “But the Foreign Minister had the opinion that ‘first an instruc tion telegram for the refusal of the oral statement should be issued and then the counter-plan be sent two or three days later.’ ” This telegram termed the United States oral statement a “rude, ir rational note,” and said that “un less the United States government first abandons it, Japan cannot drive ahead the discussions on an understanding plan.” Over the opposition of the Army' and Navy and contrary to the agreement with Konoye for send:, ing the telegram and counter-plan simultaneously, “in the late hours of July 14 the Foreign Minister sent only the instruction telegram rejecting the oral statement.” The next day, Konoye wrote, "the Foreign Minister made chief of the European bureau Sakamoto inform the German side of the final Japanese plan, which had not yet been presented even to the United States.” The Konoye cabinet had reached the end of the road. It could con tinue no longer. LETTER BOX APPRECIATION ' To The Editor: Your editorial of December 14 - was a great relief to many of us \ who have been concerned about ;he future of the City Hall and < rhalian. j That the City Hall should con- j inue as a Library and a Museum— he latter so badly needed in a f :ity that has so much of the past i >f which to be proud—and with the \ rhalian Hall for the theatre, means t Wilmington may retain forever vhat is undoubtedly one of the 1 nost beautiful structures of archi- I * I The Literary Guidepost By W. G. ROGERS SOLDIER OF DEMOCRACY A BIOGRAPHY OF DWIGHT EISENHOWER, by Kenneth S. Davis (Doubleday, Doran; $3,501. How a normal boy, a scrapper raised in Kansas, an average stu dent with apparently no absorbing goal, born of ancestors with paci fist relig ous convictions, grew into the general in command of the armies which defeated Germany in the east i told in thi detailed bi ography. Bom in Texa, where hi father held a poorly pa d job, Dwight was taken back to Abilene, Kans., to live on what was definitely the wrong side of the tracks. Uncles, aunts, grandparents were fairly well to do, but Dwight’s own fa ther never made much money. By contrast the six sons were marked ly uccesful and two of them, Dwight and Milton, achieved inter national reputat ons. Dwight learned the need for hard work, the value of money, He won respect with his fists, and on the football field. He went to West Point somewhat b; chance, his scholastic record was undistin guished and, because of a bit of violently , unjust disciplining, he suffered a knee injury barring him from football. In World War I he proved too valuable in camps at home to be sent abroad. Later he served in the Philippines, Washington, France and the Panama Canal Zone where he was inspired by then Brig. Gen. Fox Connor to dedicate himself to his profession with a seriousness new to him. He rated first in his class in the Ar my’s toughest school, at Leaven worth, and was notably ready for war when war came. Ardent admirer of his subject, Davis presents his case with elo quence. He correctly lays great I emphasis on Eisenhower’s success in creating unity in the interna tional cgmmand; makes a laugh able figure out of Giraud; aligns himself with the many who have criticized the State department’s treatment of de Gaulle. An exhaustive study, this will re-; main an essential book in the his tory of America’s role in World War II. CHILD KILLED RALEIGH, Dec. 18— (U.R)—Fun eral arrangements were being nade here today for Donald Davis, 5-year-old son of Mr. and Mrs. Ben ty Davis, who was accidentally filled yesterday by a playmate. Police said the Davis child was :hot by Dimmy Morse, 7, while tlaying with a pistol belonging to i neighbor. ecture in the South. A modern building, even near the lity Hall, would be an anachron sm. The new may be useful, but It , s far from beautiful. So many of us appreciate your ditorial, and all of us will work to ealize what promises to be a mrth while monument to Wilming Dn’s splendid and heroic past. C. S. C. t /ilmington, N. C. 1 >ec. 18, 1945. The Doctor Says— SCIENC ENLARGES GLAND_NOWLEDGE secretions directly into the l as it passes through them v the blood they obtain the varl°m chemical elements which .h„ ‘ to make their specific secreti ^ The endocrine glands vary ynn S1f;,Sh,ape and ^u« One of the best known endJ, glands is the thyroid, located the neck. The parathvroi-1 1 *" are tiny structures usually Lr , number, attached to the under L" face of the thyroid gl.nd » pituitary gland, which is about t ! size of. a pea. located under Z b'-ain in a small cavity skull. J ln ,h« The endocrine glands, which seem to exert an influence ior ? time and then d’op out, am pineal, in the top of the skill. d',.! the thymus in the ches*. Sudd deaths have been ascribed to 'tt° tnymus when it persists hevond puberty or whan it js cnl'reed but proof is usually lack,-, juiaocnne glands in the abdomi nal cavity include the adrenal situated over the upper p0ie ■ the kidneys, the pancreas, wdch lies across the upper porno-' 0| the abdomen in the midliv anj ihe sex glands. The adrenal : and the pancreas a r e necessa-y fcr life, while the sex glands can be removed. Treatmen; of gland disirder, would be simple if only oik giant was affected at a time, but v.iici one is diseased the other is dis turbed. If a gland is overactive, a portion of it can be removed; if a gland is destroyed by disease’ an extract of a similar animal gland is given to the patient. The only gland which is directly influenced by what we eat is the throid, which requires a definite amount of iodine in the diet. Grow, ing children should be given food seasoned or cooked with iodized table salt to secure proper devel opment of their thyroid glands. With the exception of thyroid ex tract, gland preparations must be injected under the skin or into the muscle, as they are destroyed by the action of the digestive juices in the stomach when they are taken by mouth. Scientists are constantly adding to our knowledge of the glands of internal secretion, but much re mains to be known. Endocrine glands play an important role in growth, development, and the working of the body and mind. They are mysterious regulators which carry <m their work with out conscious control. In this re spect they resemble the involun tary nervous system which con trols vital processes in a similar fashion. Religion Day By Day By WILLIAM T. ELLIS By WILLIAM T ELLIS A VISIT FROM AN OLD FRIEND It is my good fortune to know many newspaper men. Recently one of them called upon us for a leisurely visit in our home, which he has known since childhood. In fact, I started him upon his jour nalistic career. Now he is one of the nation's most famous columnists and radio commentators, writing daily lor many millions. We hear him once a week on the air and read him daily in our newspaper. But it was as a celebrated public person that we welcomed him - though we did talk a lot of shop, I detected the newsgatherer in him as we talked over politics in Wash ington and shared our knowledge of current affairs in Asia and Eu rope. The basis of our visit, as he hungrily partook of the bounteous tea provided by Milady, was of old times and o f famil ar memories. He was not to us a powerful tele • rity, but just an old friend, relax ing in a home familiar to him since boyhood. After all, persons are just Per" sons, whatever tags they may n-at in public. And everybody is hun gry for fellowship on a simply man basis. . „ p That we are bound up un bundle of life with so many fri«s» we thank Thee, loving Fat: us all. Amen. Good Samaritan Leaves Car On Tracks-Train Wins ASHLAND. 0. Dec. W-/.Z When Irvin Routsong s au fl ^ refused to start this mo’^ up unidentified motorist ijul'V . ,ie oack of him and started pu,n-» 1. stallied ear. , *y The pushing continued ^ Erie Railroad, whet Samaritan” turned do.. ttreet. engine Routsong s car. ^”n . ..oad still dead, stopped on track. j ojtnp Yes, Routsong had :i:r.e jU. free before the train h: . J omobile was demolished. 1 REVERT to STATE- ^ RALEIGH, Dec. 18-oP , area, sandhills game manage.. ' ■ ,.E. semposed of 64.000 ac. /ert to the state in the, tndav by he state was advisee lih^hfe he Federal Fish and Wi service.