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Wonting #tar K»“pSSS3',D.°ii;“'»“p?^n3»P‘B" fly The Wilmington Sur-New» Re B, Page. Publisher Telephone AO Departments 2-3311 Entered as Second Class Matter at Wilming ST*" Po.ton.ce UnderAc ol Congress ol March a. lets-__ SUBSCRIPTION RATES BY CARRIER SUBnf NEW HANOVER COUNTY Payable Weekly or In Advance ,rj_. Star News nation Pweek —-f »> * 9 2’®5 3 Months- f-g |.50 ? YcuU -- 15.80 13.00 26.00 (Aoove fates entitle subscriber to Sunday issue at Star-News) _____ By Mall: FayaW* Strictly to Advanw 1 Month* 10.00 8.00 15.40 (Above rates entitle subscriber to Sunday Issue of Star-News) WILMINGTON STAR (Daily Without Sunday) 8 Months-fl.88 6 Montha->3.70 1 Yr.->7.40 When remitting by mail please usechecksor 0. S. P. O. money order. The Star-News can not be responsible for currency sent througn the mails, ___ MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS ANDALSO SERVED BY THE UNITED PRESS THURSDAY, DECFMBER 20, 1945 TOP O’ THE MORNING I will honor Christmas in my heart, and try to keep it all the year.—Charles Dickens. Mass Induction American Legion Post, Nr. 10 has scheduled the induction of five hundred new members lor tonight. This Wilmington post has been distinguished far its progressiveness in the past, but this mass induction—the largest ever held in the state—outranks any previous undertaking. As the new members are veterans of World War II, and hive such a home as few similar units anywhere can boast, there is no danger that the post will not flourish for many a year to come. And as it has an enviable record of ac complishment, Wilmington may rest assured that the high standard of service it has per fnr ration and citv will not suffer. Rather, with the introduction of young blood and young ideas, it is more likely to achieve greater things, particularly in its main ob jective—the cultivation of sane and sound American ism. New Tires Soon Not long ago—let’s say three years, as the time when complaint was loudest and most widespread — we were all “knocking the block” off Washington because we couldn’t get new tires or even have our old ones re capped satisfactorily. How were we to get here or there or the other place, with the fabric of our old tires squeezing through the rubber, ready to blow out at any moment? What was the matter with the synthetic plants that they were not turning-out tires enough to supply the armed services and civilian wants? Hadn’t thes government set aside millions of our tax money for these plants? Why weren’t they producing? We were having a hoi old time everywhere in the country. Everybody, including Satan himself, was conspiring against us. And all the time more fabric was visible, more blow outs blasting the atmosphere, more cars left in garages. Notwithstanding which we all went about our business, not in the customary comfort, forsooth, but we got there. Now the capital announces that tire ration ing is due to be ended about January 1, and in retrospect and all fairness, the hardships we endured ip our automotive transportation wasn’t so bad. The tire industry hasn’t been idle, after all. Confronted with worse handi caps than any car owner faced, it has managed to boost production to about four million tires a month. The country’s invento ries show a backlog, or stockpile, or what ever it is that tires in reserve are called, 4> fullw five TYtillinn This is not enough to meet the entire ci vilian demand out of hand, but it will go a long way in that direction, and the ancient buses that have stood up under the mechani cal neglect of the war years, which speaks wonders for the manufacturers, will soon be bitting the concrete, or even the dirt, with a degree of security they have not offered since dre treads first became smooth. There is not as much joy in the Christmas season as we were used to in the good old days before the war, but here is something in prospect that should materially increase it. Red Cross Appeal Until recently the Red Cross occupied s prominent place in all newspapers. The rea son was that with a world conflict being fought and millions of men needing non-militarj service as well as nursing, this great organ! ration of mercy was performing heroic dutj on battlefields, in camps, hospitals and homes With the cessation of hostilities, and th< world’s news chiefly concerned with prepa rations for peace, the Red Cross was crowdet off front pages and for the most part hai since had altogether too little publicity—toi little because its war services are far fron completed, and because whether in war o peace it is ever busy caring for people ii distress. ' ^Ught now, in areas less fortunate than Vtfj. mington, where the first full-sized attack cl winter is it its height, the organization is hard at work, aiding the needy, the homeless, the freezing. And here in Wilmington it is giving efficient help to Veterans and their families. The war, in its major phases is over. Its aftermath has created tasks for the Red Cross that no other group or organization can do so well. This situation deminds public attention and recognition. Not so far ahead the Red Cross will be issuing its annual appeal for public support, that it may continue its great work. Next March, the month in which it conducts its campaigns, it will ask the people of the United States to contribute $100,000,000. It would never do to let it down. The Stir makes this mention of the forth coming drive so far in advance that Wilming tonians may have it in mind and make the necessary provision for liberal gifts when they start budgeting for the coming year. Unified Military Command In his message recommending a single de partment of national defense, President Tru man renews his demand for universal mili tary training and declares a “grave resposi bility will rest upon Congress if it continues to delay this urgent legislation.” While the Star cannot agree with him on this, believing R.O.T.C. training, the National Guard, and voluntary enlistments in the regular military establishment pot only a better policy but cap able of producing an adequate defense force at all times, it is a hundred per cent with him when he further declares, “No aspect of military preparedness is more important than scientific research. Mr. Truman’s argument for unification of command, that civilian control would be there by strengthened, is sound. It is time, he says, to “discard obsolete organizational forms” and “provide the soundest, most effective and most economical kind of structure for our armed forces.” With full understanding of what would be in volved if another war should come, he rightly adds that the blow will come simultaneously on land and sea and in the air, “with weapons of ever greater speed and range,” and be cause of its wealth in resources and striking power, “we must assume” that it will be struck “directly at the United States.” In this war so recently and incompletely ended, it was Hitler’s plan to overwhelm Bri tain and turn the British fleet against the United States. He had every intention of at tempting invasion of our shores, and our mili tary observers are beginning to tell us how close he was to accomplishing this, even though he failed to knock Britain out. No ag gressor in the future would waste time on any other nation, but direct his weapons from me siari against, us. xnis is to be emphasized for, as Mr. Truman says, “It has become til too apparent that a portion of the American people are anxious to forget all about the war, and particularly to forget all the unplea sant factors which are required to prevent future wrars.” In contrast with this predisposi tion among so many persons, Mr. Truman says, “We must be prepared to keep in con stant and immediate readiness enough mili tary strength to convince any potential ag gressor that this nation means business.” Obviously it is his view that the best wxy to do this is to centralize command of ali branches of the military establishment in a single department of defense. His position has almost universal support in the Army and equal opposition in the Navy. The fate of his recommendation, so far as Congress is concerned, will therefore depend upon the gentlemen who write the laws. In the main, Mr. Truman has the right view oi the matter. Consolidation of command inevi tably would produce greater cooperation in ac tion. In the UNO The United States will not only be the home of the United Nations Organization, but s member as well. With the House adopting the bill substantially as it passed the Senate, joini committee conferences should be quickly end ed. Thus the country which rejected the League of Nations and refused to take its propel place in world affairs after the First Worlc — uc Wltfl rerusinf its responsibilities either of leadership or fel lowship. Whatever fate is in store for the Organi zation, the United States will have its shari in it. And if we as a people and nation ex ert the influence for complete fairnes, throughout the world that we can, there wil be no reason for this successor to the Leagui of Nations to become impotent for peace, ai the League did. QUOTATIONS There is much mtore chance of a buyer’ strike in this country than of an inflation tha makes people wild and money worthless. Gary, Ind., Post-Tribune. Immediate relief (for Europe) is the bes demonstration of the values of the democrati 1 ideal as a bulwark against the despair an anarchy that are induced by present miser 1 and a future devoid of hope.—Dr. Robbin M . Barstow, director, Commission for Worl Council Service. i _ i Within 10 years, all hospitals will have cole • photographic laboratories which will enabl j them to help fulfill the responsibility that bi longs to every institution—to be s. teaebin i institution.—Dr. Milton G. Bohrod, patholi gist, Rochester, N. Y., General Hospital. The Cost Factor BY ARTHUR KROCK WASHINGTON, Dec. 19. — Whatever the President may recommend to Congress this week to unify national defense activities will at once become the official position of the Army and the Navy, since he is Commander in Chief of both services. This is, of course, expected to bring to an end the dispute over unification between the Wa£ and the Navy departments which has been voiced, more and more acrimoniously before Congressional committees and the public by the civilian ad ministration and high uniformed officers of the two departments. One, or perhaps two, of the contending groups (for the Army Air Force, which sup ports complete unification under one Cabinet chief, has become a unit separate from the Army ground forces) will be disappointed in the President’s plan. Therefore, the basic disagreement, while it will be driven under ground by Mr. Truman’s decision, will con tinue, and ways will be found to pursue it un til Congress has acted favorably or adversely on the President’s proposal. But the open quarrel in the executive branch—with gen erals invariably for and admirals invariably against the War department’s thesis—will hap pily be stilled. It is true that the President could tell the civilian and uniformed spokesmen of the de partments to repeat the views they have ex pressed, if they think the national interest will be served thereby, until Congress has dis posed of the issue. He very much dislikes anything resembling a muzzle, and some of the principals in the controversy are men of great consequence who have served their coun try notably and feel intensely on the subject. But Mr. Truman is their Commander in Chief and, unless he specifically exempts them, they will take his official views as their own. The President served as an artillery officer in the first World War of this century, and thus he has some practical knowledge of the problem. As a Senator, as chairman of a Special Committee that checked the war pro gram, and then as President he has given much time and thought to a study of its solu tion. His finding, therefore, will have unusual weight with Congress, and it should be espe cially impressed with the reasons Mr. Truman gives for whatever plan he may recommend. But one point that has been elaborated by General Somervell and Rear Admiral de Florez will certainly be examined by Congress with critical closeness despite anything the Pres ident may conclude about the general ques tion. This point is whether, in the words of Rear Admiral de Florez, “adequate defense in the future,” which “will stem from originality in research and engineering,” and “can be pur chased only through the maintenance of com petition, the fostering of honest differences of opinion and the pursuit of separate lines of attack to military problems,” can be best assured by two or three military departments of equal rank, or one. His answer is “two or three”, and he added: “This procedure may seem expensive, but the need for security is our greatest need and we must be willing to pay for the real thing.” General Somervell, who testified today, will not dispute the thesis that competition will stimulate "originality In research and en gineering,’* or that this is essential. But his position is that the departmental merger pro posed by the Army will not prevent the com petition? while, at the same time, It will elimi nate the examples of waste in procurement during the late war that he described to the committee, rhe Navy’s argument is that waste of this kind can and will be prevented by its plan to unify without merger, but that, even if some occurs, the cost will be insig nificant when compared with the loss which will be incurred by the deadening effect of a departmental merger on the activities dis cussed by Read Admiral de Florez. This is one of the real cores of the contro versy which the President will lay before Congress for solution, and on the fundamental point neither General Somervell nor Rear Ad miral de Florez has been impressed by the other. But since it is of vast importance to the security of the United States hereafter. Congress must weigh this issue very care fully before making its decision unless the President has found a way of accomplishing both objectives in his plan for unification. General Somervell, who was the Army’s Chief of Supply, estimated that at least 25 per cent of the war costs would have been saved if Army-Navy “construction require ments” had been combined, and that this can be achieved only by setting them up in a single department. He gave numerous examples of duplications, overlappings and conflicts” on items ranging from sea-going tugs and tow boats to towels, lumber, labor, medical ser vice and "herringbone twill.” Against this, Read Admiral de Florez told the committee that "standardization works commercially for articles susceptible to mass production, but not to develop tools of war for the world of tomorrow” which can be pro duced “only by independence of thought, bud get, a”d action”; and the Navy is a technical and the Army a manpower organization, and neither can do its job effectivedly "without e nght to present its basic concepts direct to the highest level and its budget to the judgment of Congress.” The examples he gave were of developments in science and engineering.—New York Times. Editorial Comment I FINNS PAY UP AGAIN . The republic of Finland has made its regular , payment on account of its debt to the United States which was incurred after the first World War when Finland became an inde pendent nation. This regularity in meeting the instalments no longer should be news, but in contrast with the records of other and greater nations, it attracts attention. Finland has never been a powerful nation i In the uast six years she has been through two t wars, or *wp instalments of one war, against . Soviet Russia. The Finns also were formally at war against Great Britain, but the rupture between them and the United States never , came to actual warfare, although the Finns . were fighting on the side of our enemies At 1 °"e *WO instalment dates, this country ? allowed a moratorium, but the Finns always • waeremdaemandreadngementS * ^ “ the pa™-t It would be interfesting to know how this little nation does it. Do the Finns meet thf r Payments by borrowing, taxing or bl striit e economy. When every great power seem! S- *° be swamped in debt, perhaps there would be a useful lesson for us in the study of Fin land’s financial economy.—Fayetteville Ob server. . ANCHORS AWAY! Konoye Memoirs Declare Hirohito Refused Premiership To His Cousin BY MURLIN SPENCER AP Staff Coerrspondent TOKYO, Dec. 19—(A*)— Prince Fumimaro Konoye said in his memoirs that Emperor Hirohito, knowing that war with the United States was probable in 1941, re fused to let a prince of the im peral household become premier and himself gave the nod to Hide ki Tojo for the post. The ex-Premier’s memoirs, re leased to the Associated Press three days before Konoye’s sui cide Sunday said Tojo had sug gested the premiership on Oct. 16, 1941. That was the date when Konoye’s third cabinet was broken by Tojo with the support of army hot heads, the former Premier wrote. Konoye gave no direct reason for the Emperor’s refusal to per mit Higashi-Kuni to take the office, but the memoirs quoted Hirohito as saying: “I had thought that Higashi Kuni wls suitable as chief of the general staff. I think much thought must be lent to a member of the imperial family taking part in politics. It might be all right in time of peace, but I wonder how it would be especially when there is danger of war.”_ Japan was on the brink of war ] when the Emperor was asked to make a decision on a new Prime Minister. The protracted peace negotiations between the United | States and liapan had bogged down. On Sept. 5, 1941, at a meeting attended by Hirohito, Japanese leaders drew up a list of essen tials. Konoye listed them as. 1. A determination to “com plete preparations for war with the latter part of Octboer as the general date. 2. A determination to take all diplomatic steps possible to avert war. 3. An assertion that “if by the early part of October there still is no hope for success of our dip lomatic negotiations immediately, there will be determination to start war against the United States.” “There is somehow an impres sion that war is the main thing and diplomacy comes after it,” Hirohito told his leaders. Hie memoirs said the Emperor llien asked the late Field Mar shal Gen. Sugiyama, at that time cnief of the general staff: ‘‘If there is war between the United States and Japan, how ong will it take to bring it to a mush?” “We intend to finish just the southern regions in about three months,” Sugiyama replied. The Emperor stared sternly at Sugiyama, the Konoye account continued, and declared that the Marshal was War Minister when the China affair started and had said about the same thing “but even after four years it still has not been finished.” Then, said Konoye, Sugiyama “in awe and trepidation” explain ed that China’s interior was big. “If you say China’s interior is big,” the Emperor persisted, “then the Pacific is wider, is it not? With what confidence do you say three months?” At that, said the memoirs, Sugi yama could only hang his head. On Oct. 12, 1941, Konoye held what was about his last conference on peace or war. Konoye's version was that he had just one chance. That was to get the navy to stand against the army and declare that negotia tions must be carried on at all costs. But the navy backed down. The United States and Japan were on the threshold of war. The Literary Guidepost By W. G. ROGERS the short novels of DOSTOEVSKY, with introduc tion by Thomas Mann (Dial; S4). In these 800 pages are these six novels: “The Gambler,” “Notes From Underground,” “Uncle’s Dream,” “The Eternal Husband,” “The Double” and "The Friend oi the Family.” _ „ The earliest is ‘The Double,” published in 1846, and the latest "The Gambler,” written in 1867. They range in mood from the far cical and hilariously funny to the sublimely tragic. They tell of love, cuckoldry, jealousy, matchmak ing, greed, crime, vice, gambling, hypocrisy, perversity, petty evil and tremendous, cos: lie evil; they tell of humanity degraded, repul sive, magnificent. Or rather, they don’t tell if they are it. You don’t read Dostoevsky, you suffer or delight with him, you blush, cringe and cower with his characters. I’m not sure that his books can be called likable. They create a strange, mysterious tension, like walking on the brink of a precipice or living over dyna mite. There’s no rest or peace. There’s only a terrific strain con stantly drawing near the breaking point- there’s a merciless succes sion of blinding and awesome rev elations; on page after page gates are fl u n g open before your astounded eyes with the crash and thunder with which the gates of heaven and hell swing wide. In their scope these are not in a class with “Crime and Punish ment” or “The Brothers Karama zov,” but it seems to one who thinks this Russian incomparably the greatest novelist of all that they plumb depths as black and awful. Mann’s praise of the matchless Russian is equally unbounded. Aft er recalling Dostoevsky’s nerve shattering escape from execution wd noting the fearful epileptic at LETTER BOX To the Editor: We wish to express our deep ap preciation to you and your report er for the splendid article and editorial appearing in Saturday’s and Sunday’s issue of tire Star News. In it you brought to the at tention of the reading public the fact that the War Department has cancelled all farmers contracts for the use of prisoners of war while the pulpwood, sawmill, and dairy operators are still using this type of labor. We feel that as long as no other farm labor is available we should receive the same consideration given to the other local POW con tractors, as long as the camp is in operation in Wilmington. Grow ing food is just as important, in our opinion, as these other indus tries. Since all efforts to have the farm ers contracts extended have fail ed, it is with your help and with the aid of the people of Wilming ton, we hope to bring this matter to the attention of the War De partment and have them rescind their order cancelling general farm work contracts. ADAM SONDEY < ANTHONY SCHLEGEL Castle Hayne, N. C. Dec. 18, 1945. FAVORS SMALL TOWN LONDON, Dec. 19.—(3>)—Great Britain urged the United Nations preparatory commission today to consider a small town “in the east of the United States” as the per manent home of the United Nations organization. One OSS man working at coun ter esponage managed to become a member of the Gestapo. tacks which interrupted h i g cre ative work, Mann speaks with an enthusiasm and eagerness uncom mon to him of the “titanic” novel ist’s “epic monuments” and “co lossal dramas.” This volume introducse the Dials “Permanent Library” of the best short, or lesser known, works of great authors. There couldn’t be a better choice. Religion Day By Day By WILLIAM T. ELLIS JUST OATS Long - horned, long-haired, res tive, black goats, in herds, have occasionally been my fellow way farers on Jerusalem’s narrow streets. One must turn aside for them, for they are not so docile as the sheep so often met. Small wonder the Scripture makes the goat a figure of repro bation. It, more than any other agency, is responsible for the de forestation of Palestine, because it destroys the young trees. As Jesus said, life is divided in to sheep and goats; into providers and destroyers. Every one mus1 choose to which flock he will be long for “That choice goes by forever, twixt that darkness and that light, Parts the goat upon the left hand, and the sheep upon the right.” We would be of those, our Father, who have won the favor of Christ, and are counted a sheep of His flock. Amen. With Stork Running Late Father Delivers New Son CLEVELAND, Dec. 19—(IP) - Frank Gray, 32, never will pace a hospital corridor while await ing the stork’s arrival. When the old bird got his time signals mixed' up yesterday, Graj stepped right in and presided over the home delivery of an eight-and one-half pound boy. “It’s all in knowing what to do.’’ he oobserv^d. “Still, I wouldn't want to deliver a baby every day." “He did real well, though,' added his wife, Violet. “I feel fine and the baby is wonderful.” Only one of Gray’s eight <ihil dren was born in a hospital bu the newest arrival is the only om delivered by the father. The Doctor Says— FLU EPIDEMIC duebiennially By WILLIAM a. Obrien >, . Is present-day influenza ?? same infection which swem ' world in 1918? The question* t possible to answer, as lhe infl "h za virus was not discover??' ' 1933. o' ered until Influenza is a highly rnm,„ disease; epidemics occur glOUS other year. In 1943 the outbreak University of Minnesota sul started Nov. 23 and last h”s after Christmas; 1944 ^7“ year. Up to 1943 the epidemic, ^ curred m January and Febrm but m that year the cycle chano’ ed; the present wave of influent x,uv. u ana Will continro until about the first of the L" Majority of influenza cases thf‘ year are the simple, uncompw ed variety. p a'' Incubation period of influenza k one to three days. Onset is sudden with fever, chilly sensations p*? tration, aching pains and catarZl symptoms in the nose. pharvn' and trachea. Patients usually fee like going to bed as soon as thev become ill and they should obe, the impulse. ' The influenza virus was discov. ered in experiments conducted on ferrets. But the original method of using ferrets for the isolation ol the influenza virus has been dis carded, and now the virus can be" identified in 48 hours by inocu lating fertilized hen’s eggs. Although it is impossible to tel] the difference in the disease in the patient, laboratory experts have found two varieties of the influen za virus, influenza A and influenza Q. Influenza i s characteristically a disease of the colder seasons, al though it may develop in the subtropics during the hottest months. When influenza broke out in 1918 it spread over the en tire world; present epidemics seem to be limited by seasons to one hemisphere at a time. Control of influenza is one of the health officers most difficult prob lems, as the disease is readily spread by persons who have the infection in mild form. Masks have been used, and it is possible that a properly constructed and properly used mask might be of some bene fit. The human factors of forget fulness and carelessness operate to limit the effectiveness of the macL” dtmn i-f +Via nnco nu/1 are covered, if the eyes are not covered the virus can pass through the tear ducts. Public health officials report success with a vaccine in the con trol of epidemics. Ocve injection is given about two weeks before an anticipated outbreak. Protection lasts for about four to five weeks. With greater experience in antici pating the day the epidemic will start, more Affective use of this vaccine can be made. Sulfa drugs and penicillin have been tried in the treatment of in fluenza without success. Patients should go to bed as soon as symp toms develop and remain there un til convalescence is well establish ed. A hot bath, plenty of bed covers, and a sedative contribute to the patient’s comfort. The chief concern in influenza is the possibi lity of complicting pneumonia. LEGIONPOST SET FOR INITIATIONS Wilmington Post No. 10 Ameri can legion has announced aodi tional names of candidates hr initiation into the Legion tomg at 8 o’clock. Approximately 500 dandida. are expected to be initiated in * brief ceremony at the Cape Fea armory. In addition to names P viously announced, Ray Gal.o executive director, has announce, the following. . Additional persons up for m • tion include, William S. Kin,, Clyde Case, Jr„ William J. Black well. Donald E. Gore. Donald - Matthews, Albert H. Pridgen. _» William C. Hamilton, Claude V. Croom, Dan Phillips, J’.. ‘‘ M. Creekmore, Jr., Walter L Kim?. James A. King. William j. King, Benjamin l. Biner y T. Everett, William E. Huf® David L. Strutters, Melvin • Craig. William K. S.ewa.., and Earl E. Jones. j Others to be initiated are. "• Howard, Jesse Harrell, . Carey Walton, Jr'> Ce®‘ C'cl ley, Rowland W. bas.t_, H. Jenne, Raymond “ , James B. Millis, Elvia 0. Bal * James L. Walker, y<y te. Hearn, Lawrence W- - - Kid. Roy G. Taylor, George E. * der and Thomas E. KemP- Wi Walter E. Storm, Clarence & Houston, S. P- Snf®ftln’s Good* Davis, Luther C. BiOu ,,c. win R. Peterson Carlev, Harry M. H? peSChzl, T Kermon, Charles A- Sas. jesse O. Stubbs, Charles ^ ser, Emerson D Le..‘ . * Lennon, and S. L. * «re Also scheduled for w W|jliain Clarence H. Berry. J •• ' Tes, S. Holland, Courtland III, Thomas A. Srm ■: j. Thompson. . fi n cere- i Following the mit: ■ mony, candidates and *.f enjoy dancing fcv s dance will be freshed o.^ If niece Marine band fro. »es* i ;eune. Preceding the dan , hers and initiatees v." ffed by banquet which will he i social hour. . t 8d3 The initiation will s. •> , a.d harp director Galloway - andi arsed that all members^ dates bp r>n hand r>.