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"MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS AND ALSO SERVED BY THE UNITED PRESS ’ THURSDAY, JANUARY 3, 1946 TOP O’ THE MORNING Since we arc to live forever we have time for all things, especially to get ready to live forever. —Amos B. Wells. Mere Coincidence Announcement that the Metropoli tan Opera Company has restored Of fenbach’s “Les Contes d’ Hoffmann” to its repertory and that it will be sung on Saturday afternoon is interesting not because of any outstanding merit of the opera but because when Offen bach toured the United States, John Philip Sousa was scraping a violin in his orchestra with the sole thought of seeing something of the country and no idea of the direction 'his musical talent would take in later years. It was not until Sousa was plajang fourth trombone in the Marine Band that his creative ability became ap parent, nor until he quit this band to organize his own for the Chicago World Fair that the “march king” really came into his own. ' LaGuardia Steps Up Mayors of New York have filled various offices upon their retirement to private life, but it is to be questioned if any faced quite so rosy a future fi nancially as Fiorello H. LaGuardia whose income is expected to be $150, 000 a year, now that he is a free agent untrammeled even by the few conven tions he observed as chief executive of the metropolis. As radio broadcaster, newspaper columnist and autobiographer, he is stepping directly into big money. But we are puzzled to what he will do if a fire alarm sounds while he is broadcasting or dictating a column. It has been his habit for years to attend as many fires as he learned of before they were extinguished. No matter what he was doing at the City Hall, no matter how importantly en gaged, he is reputed to have reached for his hat, called for his car and sped to the fire. Now. if he hears an alarm in the midst of an impassioned sentence, will he kick over the Mike, or his ste nographer, and be on his way before a door can be locked against him ? Swift Justice Of course the Western Allies’ meth od of trying Germans charged with war crimes is the best possible. Every step has legal authorization and when history gets around to dealing with the trials nothing will be found that did not stem from Blackstone, or Moses, or other equally famous law-giver. But it is interesting to note in a brief dispatch from London that the Moscow radio had announced the execution by hanging of Lieutenant Generals Fried rich D. Bernhardt and Adolf Hamann and Corporal Martin Lemler four hours after a military tribunal had convicted them as German war criminals. The Russians saved a lot of time, and it is even possible they were well within the law in every phase of the trials. 1 Needless Deaths Rightly, Americans hold a high opinion of their nation. Many are con* fident that the troubles of today, chief of which are strikes and the threat of inflation, will have become history be fore the year just started ends. Maybe they are over-optimistic. Con ditions that have been so long in prep aration probably will requjre more than a year’s time to resolve. But, with al, the nation is outstanding for hav ing risen so quickly to a position of world leadership. But the United States, unfortunate ly, will never rise to its full power and strength and leadership until people place a higher value upon their own lives and the lives of fellow-country men. Here we usher in 1946, the year up on which we depend to lead us to new achievements, with the needless sacri fice of four hundred persons, 319 of them killed in traffic accidents. There is nothing exceptional in this. For years, as often as holidays arrive, news papers have recorded deaths by violence which are irreconcilable with our na tional intelligence. Highway deaths are not only cruelly tragic. They are foolish. Not one in ten but could be avoided if drivers exercised at the wheel the same caution and courtesy they practice in other activi ties. This does not ease the grief of be reaved families today. But it needs say ing in the hope that some careless holi day-maker will give up recklessness in driving and so ensure his own safefy and the safety of his passengers, but of other motorists approaching or over taking his car. League Passes On The League of Nations upon which so many nations looked as the instru ment of permanent peace following World War I is now no more than a re port.. Its few remaining functions are to be taken over by the United Nations Organization. Its failure is easily traced, primarily to the United States refusal to become a member and secondarily to its inade quate powfer to enforce its decision. In his final report, the secretary general, Sean Lester, declares that it was not the League that failed but the statesmen and nations that failed to use it. This is pertinent comment. It de mands the closest study and attention. Even though the League lacked the teeth to enforce its decrees, there is no doubt that complete cooperation among member nations and true fellowship among the statesmen who dominated its activities would have gone far to ward preventing World War II, despite the withdrawal of Germany and Japan from membership. It is imperative that the situation be understood because of what lies ahead. As Mr. Lester says, in his re port: “A start is again made, with a new name, a new covenant. . . but the problems remain the same, the ob jects are unchanged and methods can not greatly differ.” Unless the UNO learns the lessons taught by the Leagues of Nations, it cannot hope for greater success or long er life. Editorial Comment HEALTH AND THE POLITICIANS Every time the words "socialized medicine” arc spoken, I have a flashing vision of the Oklahoma Capitol and the political machine which has worked there for many, many years. I should hate to trust my health or the health of my family to its judgement. I fear the patient, like the taxpayer, would be the person last considered under a dispensa tion which gave politicians the power to select our doctors and dentists. Maybe I'm seeing things. Maybe the Fed eral Government isn’t addicted to such tricks. Maybe Washington bureaus are immune to the weaknesses that beset other power groups, maybe men and women can be trained to work according to Government directives and to accept Government control in health matters. Probably there will always be good and poor doctors around. But it will be a long time, I think, before the average American gives up the idea that he wants to choose his own.—Mrs. Walter Ferguson, in the Tulsa (Okla.) Tribune. TOO MANY HAMLETS Glen H. Taylor, the cowooy senator from Idaho, complained the otWfer day that when he played the guitar and sang on the cap itol steps, he made page 1, with picture and story, all over the country, but when he pro posed a world republic to save mankind in the senate, he only got in one newspaper tucked way back on Patfe 16.—Salisbury1 Evening Post. Fair Enough By WESTBROOK FEGLER (Copyright, 1945, By King Featnres Syndicate.) NEW YORK, Jan. 2. — Norman Baker, of Laredo, Tex., has filed a petition with the federal communications commission, in Wash ington, charging that the Alamo Broadcasting Company, of San Antonio, by underhanded methods obtained physical possession of im portant broadcasting equipment, the property of CIA., Industrial Universal de Mexico, at Nuevo Laredo, Mexico. The Alamo station is the most important single property of the Texas state network, organized by Elliott Roosevelt. The network’s stock, represented to be worthless in Jan. 19 42, recently was valued at $100 a share. Baker’s petition alleges that on the basis of the acquisition of this equipment, the F.C.C. “in an unprecedentedly short time, and with out notice or opportunity for any interested parties to be heard, granted Alamo Broad casting Company a construction permit.” Such equipment was frozen by war regulations at the time. Baker’s petition charges that the F.C.C. gave Alamo the permit on the under standing that Alamo would use at its improved station a transmitter and other apparatus ac quired from the Mexican company, whose sta tion was known as XENT. Baker has a record of two convictions in the federal courts, both set forth in the peti tion. In the first case, in 1936, he says the F.C.C. instigated an indictment charging him with making and transporting across the bord er into Mexico without permission from the F.C.C. a phonograph record which was played on XENT. He was sentenced to four months in jail and fined $2,000. The petition says the conviction was reversed by the circuit court of appeals on the ground that F.C.C.’c regula tion was invalid. Although he does not say so, there is rea son to assume that the phonograph record dealt with a method by which Baker claims to have cured external cancer. He was next convicted of using the mails to defraud in the operation of a hospital at Eureka Springs, Ark. He was sentenced in Jan. 1940 to four years in prison and fined $4,000. He lay in Jail 14 months, for which he re ceived no credit, while his appeal was pend ing. He then went to Leavenworth on March 22, 1941, and he was released on July 19, 1944. At that time he was on probation and could be sent back to Leavenworth at the whim of the Department of Justice to serve out his remaining eleven months of "good time,” so he lay low until he was out of jeopardy. Baker insists that he had available as witnesses many persons whom he had cured. He seemed to be convinced that he can cure cancer and to have suffered severly, but whether he is a mercenary quack, a mistaken zealot or a martyr to prejudice remains a matter of opinion. He relates that even be fore he set up his station in Laredo the F.C.C. revoked his license for a station in Musca tine, la. Baker’s petition says that sometime in 1941, he being in jail, a trusted employee of XENT delivered to representatives of Alamo an op i tion to buy the Mexican station. And, he says, under that option the Mexican firm did de liver part of the equipment to Alamo. Thus, he says, he was put out of business at last, a result long desired by the F.C.C., and Alamo was enabled to apply for a better frequency and increased power while other stations were unable to obtain such advantages because of the "freeze.” Beturning to Laredo in July 1944, he charges, he was warned by persons unnamed that if he tried to prevent the physical transfer of the apparatus across the border he might be ar rested for violation of his probation or prosecut ed in a tax case. Nevertheless, Baker states, he notified the Mexican government which forbade the expor tation of the equipment during the war. This, he says, delayed delivery and compelled Ala mo to ask the F.C.C. for extensions of time for the completion of its improvements. However, Baker alleges, "in April, 1945, the Alamo Broadcasting Company, its agents, of ficials, servants and employees, went to Nue vo Laredo and loaded four large trucks with said transmitting and other radio equipment, preparatory to crossing the bridge under cover of night.” He, therefore, started action in a Mexican court for an injunction, but '"as the result of well-known tricks, artifices and de vices common to the Mexican border, said trucks did move across the bridge approxi mately 30 minutes before” the papers were delivered. However, he says, the injunction did pre vent the removal of one large diesel and gen erator, two 300-foot towers, wires and parts of the antenna system. This property, he says, is now' under attachment to prevent its re moval. Baker seems inconsistent, although he may be only unclear, when he states later that Phillip R. Overton, of Austin, Tex., attorney for Alamo, arranged permission for him to spend 15 days in Mexico. He says this was insufficient time for him to investigate thoroughly and that the visit was restricted to such duration "as was intended to serve the interests" of Overton, Alamo and Gene Cagle^ the general manager of the Texas state network, now largely the property off Elliott Roosevelt’s former wife, since remarried and known as Ruth Eidson. He does not explain why Overton would have helped him to enter Mexico at all. Cagle owns 500 shares of Texas state net work which he bought for $5,000. They are now worth about $50,000, Baker says the in crease is attributable to the F.C.C.’s permit to increase the power of Alamo’s station KABC from 250 to 50,000 watts. Elliott Roosevelt, in ■she investigation of his loans, said Cagle had done fine work rehabilitating Texas state net work. Elliott said nothing about any acquisi tion of XENT’s equipment by Cagle. It may be remembered that stock which El liott had pledged for loans was wheedled baelf into the custody of President Roosevelt by Jesse Jones on representations that it was worthless and that this stock, now worth about $250,000 defrayed Elliott’ obligation for alit mony and child-maintenance. Baker undertook to prove that about the time that Alamo asked F.C.C. tdt the construction permit, Rifth Eidson and Cagle "went to the White House” to further the application. He adds, with waggish legal solemnity, that the Alamo Broadcasting Company is now referred to in the radio industry as "The Alimony Broadcasting company.” ! Baker prays the F.C.C. to investigate its own conduct and the facts as to his charges. He further asks that Alamo’s construction per mit be revoked and that it be forbidden to usq any equipment obtained from XENT. France alone is the judge in questions in which she is interested and she is interested in everything.—Georges Bidault, French For eign Minister. I THE “AIR AGE” I_ Conduct Of American Troops In Japan Has Been Exemplary, Mac Arthur States WASHINGTON, Jan. 2—UPh-Gen eral Douglas MacArthur reported tonight that the conduct of U. S. troops in Japan “has been exem plary” and that their presence "may be a decisive factor in shap ing the future” of that country. “If democracy cannot yet be im posed directly, it is at least being demonstrated,” he wrote. The report, released by the War Department, covered in detail the first two months of the occupation —September and October. It made no reference to current matters or to relations with Allied power*. It said that “positive steps have been taken to lay the groundwork for a democratic structure in Ja pan.” But it added that “the Jap anese government has suggested little during the two months of oc cupation pointing toward funda mental democratic reform.” “Political activity is hampered by the concentration of the people on the paramount problems of food, clothing and shelter,” the report continued. “Even if the essentials of life were adequate in Japan, if would be unrealistic to expect spontaneous and widespread par ticipation of the people in politics. They would willingly punish the policy-makers and bureaucrats for losing the war, and that is about all. “As for democracy, they have had no experience with it in any way. Dignity of the individual is completely foreign to their back ground of feudalism and totalitar ianism. The millions of peasants and the women in general are poli tically ignorant. Add to this the fact that real leaders are afraic to speak out. Not knowing how long United States troops will be here to protect them against the dreaded secret police, and it wil be readily understood why as ye1 there have been no significant poli tical developments in Japan.” The report described four polit ical parties. The Socialist Demo cratic party and the Communisi party "have platforms befitting their party labels;” the Commun ists sought a coalition but the So cialists refused. The Liberal party recommends various reforms bu1 Foreign Minister Shigeru Yoshida one of its headers, “has taken the stand that the present constitution is democratic, suggesting that the enormous powers of the Emperor and the insignificant powers of the Diet should remain unchanged.” The People’s party is an amalga mation of two pre-war parties; “many of its members belonged to the wartime Imperial Rule As sistance Association and may con stitute a reactionary influence.” Another phase of the report out lined "an extensive information and education program” to give the people the facts on atrocities, war crimes and related subjects. It re ported “numerous indications that the truth of these is now being ac cepted.” “When the occupation forces en tered Tokyo,” the report said, “there was little if any conscious ness of wan guilt among the Jap anese people. They did not know the steps which led Japan to war. the causes of her defeat, or the atrocities committed by her sol diers and there was little feeling of moral culpability. There wai widespread belief that Japan’s de feat was due solely to industria and scientific inferiority and te the atomic bomb.” In regard, to Korea, the repor ■ said that the division of the coun ■ try into a Russian-controlled north ern zone and an American-con trolled southern section “present! many problems of policy and op eration” and that “the Korean peo pie are greatly concerned” over th< division. It noted that “Russian consulai officials are stationed in Seou (the capital, in the American zone.! A reciprocal privilege does not ex ist in the north.” Three “tentative conclusions” oi Japanese labor preparations wer< reported: “1. Deportation of Japanese from Japan to perform labor repa ration service should be confinec to specialists needed to install anc to manage transplanted industria establishments. “2. Retention of Japanese tech nical and managerial personnel al ready in Korea, Manchuria, anc China is essential for the economic stability of those areas. “3. By-passed Japanese militarj and civilian personnel in the south west Pacific should be utilized tc rebuild damaged areas and tc construct new developments in or der to take advantage of their oth erwise idle and restless man power.” Religion Day By Day By WILLIAM T. ELLIS THE ATOM AND "ALL POWER” In the arsenal of God there are weapons beyond human imagina tion. He who destroyed Sodom and Gomorrah still has means for pun ishing rebellious mankind. The wrath of God is as truly an at tribute as His mercy. From the bewildering crash of the atomic bomb we hear reiter ated the awesome truth spoken by the living Christ, “All Power is given unto Me.” There are no limits to the awesome ability of God to carry out His will. This is a day wherein all of us should be pondering the majestic might of our Maker. His ultimate purpose, revealed in His nature, is love but it is love conditioned by justice. Of late years the idea of Divine wrath has largely gone out of public thinking. Germany and Ja- : pan—and, incidentally, all the rest of the world—are present evidence ; that justice has not departed from the universe. O God the all-terrible, have mer cy upon mankind, whieh has so grievously sinned against Thee Amen. ^ APPOINTED ■ MOSCOW, Jan. 2.—<*l—The Sov- < iet government announced today ] that Andrei Gromyko, ambassador j to the United States, had been ap pointed as the Russian representa tive on the Far Eastern commis- i sion agreed upon at the recent 1 three-power meeting in Moscow. i Former Army Chaplain Named To Prison Jol RALEIGH, Jan. 2—The Rev William H. R. Jackson, 43, wht has been on terminal leave at Rox boro from the Army in which hi served, for five years as a Chap lain, was appointed director o: religious training for state prison: today by Chairman A. H. (Sandy: Graham of the Highway and Publii Works Commission. Chaplain Jackson will assume hi new duties tomorrow, succeedinj the Rev. L. A. Watts, who resign ed last August. The prison position pays an an lual salary of $3,600. rabor City To Have New Lumber Company The Waccamaw Lumber Cor >oration of Tabor City, was char tered yesterday by Secretary ol State Thad Eure, according to the \ssoniated Press. The company will buy and sell 'orestry products. The authorized capital stock of 5100,000 was subscribed by John E. Vrenn and Lucille T. Wrenn, of Greensboro, and Frank P. Buck, >f Salisbury. GRANGE SPEAKERS HIGH POINT, Jan. 1.—Iff)—The forth Carolina State Grange con 'ention, which will be held here anuary 9-11, will feature talks by lovernor Cherry, Senator Clyde loey and Dr. Dumont Clarke of tsheville. The world’s first twin-fuselage, nilltary plane, the P-82 Twin Mus ang, is said to have a speed of 425 niles an hour. 4 COMMITTEE ASKED FOR NEW mim RALEIGH, Jan. 2—-If)—The exe cutive committee of the trustees o ; Greater University of North Caro ; Una has been asked to re-phrase i resolution requesting the Counci of State to approve the sale of th< dairy farm and cattle of the Wo mans College of the University o North Carolina at Greensboro. Assistant Attorney Genera Hughes J. Rhodes said the origina resolution called, for the money de rived from the sale, estimated a in excess of $100,000, to be usee in establishing a fund similar to the Kenan fund at the University o: North Carolina in Chapel Hill Ttiis fund would be used to augmen the salaries of faculty members of the Womans College. State Treasurer Charles M. John son explained that the proceeds could not be ear-marked for suet a purpose but must revert to th« university building fund. Therefore, when the proposition was brought before the Council of State, the Council refused to sign the deed until a resolution from the executive committee was re worded to omit mention of the dis position of the money. The trustees are expected to consider the matter at a meeting later this month. According to information avail able here, the property wag sub divided and sold at public auction, COMMISSION TO MEET SHELBY, Jan. 2— (£*) —The North Carolina Aeronautics com mission will meet in Shelby Jan. 22-23, Sen. Roy Rowe of Burgaw is chairman of the group which will hold an executive session on l its opening day 1 he Doctor Says_ PROPER USES OF EXERCISE By WILLIAM A. O’BRIEN, nt r>. Does exercise keep us healthy or do we exercise because we are healthy? There is no supporting evidence for the idea that exer cise prolongs life; its main effects are an increase in muscular de velopment and a sense of well-be ing. Muscular exertion stimulates the body functions. The heart rate is increased, breathing is deeper and more rapid, heat production and perspiration are increased, appe tite is whipped up and fatigue is relieved by sound sleep. It also is a good growth stimulus in child hood. There is no one perfect form of exercise. When we are young any type can be enjoyed to the limit of our endurance providing we have a normal heart; as we grow older we should limit our exercise to that kind and amount which will not strain the heart. The body has over 200 muscles arranged in parts. Their job is to protect vital structures, main tain balance and posture and move the body. To perform suc cessfully, muscles must be in bal ance and posses good tone; when the muscle on one side of the body contracts, the one on the oppo site side must relax. ' After a muscle has not been used for some time the fibers be come smaller; such a muscle tires, and, if used excessively, it will become sore and this will delay recovery. An arm or leg a certain time becomes smaller which has been kept in a cast for because of shrinking of the muscle fibers. If exercise and recreation are combined, nervous tension and mental fatigue are ’ relieved. The result of muscle exercise should be an increase in energy and not excessive fatigue. , A brisk walk in the open air is a good form of exercise for a healthy person. Good muscular condition can be maintained by taking a daily walk of about three miles. Muscular movements that are used over and over make an im print upon the body’s form and function. Many people never have learned to use their muscles prop erly. They attempt to substitute one muscle for the other, so that clumsy, awkward movement re sults. This may happen after an injury or illness, and it is a prob lem in retraining patients whose nerves or muscles have been af fected by infantile paralysis. The Literary Guidepost 1 By W. G. ROGERS THE KING’S GENERAL, by Daphne du Maurier (Double day; $2.75). The crusty hero with sword and 1 plumed hat, his red-headed sister, his brunette love, a pair of cupids. 1 battle flags, the portrait of an ill fated king, the helmeted gunners, l the marauding soldiery, the torch es, the flames threatening the crenellated castle, the bleak Corn wall landscape ... all this in Douglas Gorsline’s jacket design tells in sum and substance the ma terial of which Miss du Maurier has made her 17th century ro mance. You don’t see the secret tunnel, nor a procession of unloving i Gartred’s lovers, nor the poor t heroine’s crippled legs, at which , indeed only the faithful servant Matty and the impetuous Sir Rich ard Grenvile get a look. But you see enough to realize that all the stock ingredients of swashbuckling fiction are utilized. And they are utilized with con summate skill. Miss du Maurier knows how to weave a plot; she uses bright colors, never loses a thread, produces a stylish fabric. Menabilly castle, scene of most of the action, is the house in which ; this novel was written, and old records show, says the author, a Gartred, an Honor Harris, other ! Grenviles, Harrises, Rashleighs and so on; there was, tob, a boy 1 who disappeared, and a body found later in a tunnel. The time is almost exactly 300 years ago, in the-rebellion of par liamentarians against Charles in 1644 and the second abortive up rising of 1648, and Cromwell ap pears fleetingly in the background. The characters are largely sup porters of the king. Miss du Maurier is particularly skillful at drawing a line between ; evil and the appearance of evil. There’s a lot of bedding, but most ly behind an arras; she arouses your expectations but never cor rupts you. A child could read her safely. It is in fact a book for all ages. It’s a timeless work of fiction; you may read it at any time you please, or at no time at all; it has nothing to do with our time; it would hardly bear reading a sec ond time. It’s like a movie, an innocuous and agreeable escaps. EXECUTED YENAN, China, Dec. 31—(De layed)—(JP)—The first high-rank ing war criminal convicted in China, Yu Pin-ching, who amassed a fortune in dealing with the Japa nese, walked to his death before a Chinese Communist firing squad in Kalgan four days ago. In Latin-American countries roasted pumpkin seeds are sold at peddler’s stands much as roasted peanuts" are sold in this country.