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SEES GOOD YEAR ! prc look forward in 1946 demand, at good prices, ' '^ cultural products because of for wartime savings, removal of large ' r,jme restrictions, and a mo*1 « of eXports and foreign ^♦ shipments, says H. Brooks relie professor of Agricultural james> ith the Agricultural gSSnt Station at State Col lele_ prices in 1946 will likely Faifviy below the record 1945 18 Tc but they are expected to as. ,8V farmers a net income double surel0,, 39 average and higher than ft any sear before 1943. Even fta t farm income for the coun !0’ n„ , whole may be from 10 ffner cent below the high level , W5 This is true because prices °f farm products in 1945 averaged lu double the 1910-14 base and 8 w twice the prewar 1935-39 av SfS lr. likely t. be .lightly lower in 1946 with savings the largest In his 1 ,nd the farm mortgage debt if smallest in 30 years, farmers Generally speaking will enter 1946 ■ a better financial condition than lr before. After several years of fad WOrk and wartime restrlc. they can look forward to buy in- many of the things they want S need for their farms and homes. While it appears now that most ffmes of farm machinery and sup niies will be adequate to meet pro duction needs in many manufactured goods will not begin to meet all demands until late 1M6 or well in 1947. Prices paid by farmers for machinery and supplies will be about the same or slightly higher than in 1945. The demand for United States to bacco Is expected to continue rela tively high throughout 1946 and into 1947 in view of the high level of domestic consumption and the fav orable outlook for exports. Al though production of all tobacco was at a record high in 1945 of over two billion pounds, the government has suggested a slight increase for 1946. However, a decrease of about 10 per cent is suggested for burley. Prices for tobacco may be slightly lower in 1946. Also, a greater price differential is expected between grades. Government loan rates for cotton fixed at 92 1-2 per cent of parity will prevail for at least 1946 and 1947. This gives a loan rate of some five cents above the world market price and will determine the amount farmers will receive for their cotton, James says. The pres ent supply of cotton includes an ab normally large amount of the short er staples and lower grades. The demand for shelled peanut products will be moderately lower in 1946-47 than in the past two years. Prices of peanuts, at 90 per cent of the present parity for pea nuts for nuts, would be slightly over $150 per ton. Milk production during 1946 for the country as a whole Is expect ed to be 1 to 3 percent below the all-time peak reached In 1945. Prices received by farmers for dairy products will be influenced greatly by government programs including ceilings an d subsidies, but returns to farmers will likely be moderately lower than those in 1945. puuuuiun whi ut: larger than in 1945. Hog prices in 1946 probably will average moderately lower than those in 1945 when prices were at ceilings for most of the year. Prices received by farmers for eggs in 1946 are expected to be at or near support levels in con trast to most of 1945 whn egg prices remained near ceilings. The extene of this decline will depend chiefly on xport dm and. Jams says. Farm egg production in 1946 probably will be slightly below the indicated 4.6 million dozen pro duced in 1945. Turkey and chicken prices probably will decline from 'he all-time peaks reached in 1945. 1 NEGRO BOY SHOOTS FATHER TO DEATH Inquest into the death of Ociola Freeman, 45, Seabreeze Negro who "'as allegedly shot fatally by his 14-year-old son early yesterday morning, is expected to be held this afternoon or tomorrow. According to a report by Deputies “■ V- Sneeden and C. M. Carter, Freeman was shot with a .22 cali ber rifle after he had attempted an attack on his wife. The son, fonald, admitted the shooting and being held in jail pending trial me date for which had not been an nounced late last night. The officer reported they found me almost lifeless body of Free man a short distance from Stacy’s tavern on the Carolina Beach high way. His pulse was weak and he “led on the way to the hospital. The report further stated the shooting occured in the yard of he Freeman home. Following the hooting, the Negro man is said to ave driven his car about three , 1 es on his way to the hospital oeiore he stopped. When the offi ers found the car it had been Pushed off the road to allow traffic Proceed. Officers found the boy, Ronald on cot at home yesterday morning out five hours after the shooting m^u,re^' ^ben the officers told his of finding the man and him he W3S dead’ sbe said she shot The boy said his father attacked h ™ber and he shot him as he - Promised he would do if he i a ed bbe attacks, officers said. Carolina Farm Comment By P. H. JETER By F. H. JETER tt^h’VV00’000 dairy cows in North Carolina, which produce an each*™. °f d 000 pouhds of milk cows yand hBecause we own those IrT V1 because some »f them world t0. be found in the world today, we have a farm dairy industry worth 55 million dollars annually to the state. North Car olina is blessed with a fair share in V67 beSt breed»ng stock to be found on earth today. The Isle of Jersey and the Isle of Guernsey have been visited by some of our men of great wealth and our dealers in livestock, and the best stock on these Islands has been brought to America and to North Carolina. In addition to these high types of Guernseys and Jerseys, we also have fine Ayr* shires and Holsteins. * Development of the Holstein breed has been started, later, after the other three, but even so we are bringing into North Carolina the best blood obtainable of this big white and black cow and soon we shall rank with the best of the dairy states in the blood lines of that breed also. Not in numbers, of course, but in the quality of what we have. oui, we nave just Begun to build a dairy industry, according to John Arey, dairy extension specialist at State College, and a man who knows more about the dairy busi ness in North Carolina than any other one man in the state. He says that most of the evaporated milk, the milk powder, cheese, and but ter that is used in the Southeastern part of the United States comes from the mid-west. The oppor tunity exists for North Carolina to expand in the production of fluid milk for manufacturing pur poses, because, in addition to the local market for all kinds of dairy products, the entire Southeast of fers an inviting market. That’s the great challenge to our dairy industry. Before it can be met, there are some things that we are going to have to do. And here’s what John Arey says about the situation, particularly as we face the year 1946. "Our North Carolina dairymen,” says Mr. Arey, “deserve much credit for the high level of milk production attained throughout the war period in the face of acute shortages in both supplies and la bor. Through October, 1945, there had been an increase of 20 per cent in milk sold over that marketed during the same period in 1944. “Because of the great demand for milk from both the army and civilians during the war, emphasis was placed largely upon volume production. Some practices were followed that cannot be justified under normal market conditions. Sinpp fV» o war Vine pnHpH nnH American Agriculture and Indus try are gradually changing back to a peace-time basis, the North Carolina dairy farmer should ad just his operations to meet these new conditions. “While the outlook demand for milk and its products through 1946 is good, military demand in this state will be reduced and whether civilian demand will increase suf ficiently to make up for this re duction will depend upon civilian purchasing power. If this remains high, the demand for milk and its products will be strong.” Mr. Arey points out that during the war the dairy farmer did not have to worry about the usual sum mer surplus which, formerly, often caused a serious break in the mar ket. When the military and civil ian demand was not equal to cur rent production, the government would enter the market, buy and store the surplus. This prevented a drop in the market, but it has also caused dairymen to pay less attention to herd management practices which tend to stabilize production throughout the year. Every North Carolina dairyman knows how a summer surplus, be fore ttye war, affected his year’s income. To prevent it, he would breed his replacement heifers and part of his cows so that they would freshen during the fall when milk production is lowest. Mr. Arey says that the cow’s ability to maintain a high level of milk production throughout the fall and winter depends upon her body condition. If she is thin when placed in the barn, it will be im possible to get the best milk flow from her during the winter months. A sharp drop in the milk flow occurred during the past fall due largely to the cows being left in the pasture too long without ad equate supplementary feed. Pas ture, especially good pasture, as was the case this past summer, has a strong stimulating effect on milk production, although its dry matter content is low. Heavy milk production throughout the summer combined with a low in take of dry matter resulted in many cows entering the barn this winter in a very thin condition. These cows should bt provided with all the good legume hay that they will consume. Hay is a cheap source of dry feed matter. With a patriotic urge to increase milk production to meet wartime demands, many farmers in this state have increased their herds out of proportion to this roughage production. This necessitates the purchase of too much imported high price feed. Mr. Arey says that pasture, silage and hay rep resent the cheapest sources of dairy feeds and an ample supply of these feeds should be grown at home. More good pasture is need ed over the entire state. While good pastures can be found in every section of the state, the acre age is entirely too small to meet the needs of the present cattle population. According to the latest informa tion available, there is about 1.1 acres of land under fence for each cow in the state; however, many of these are unproductive acres and afford very little grazing. Good pasture is the cheapest source of dairy feed and it is through the expansion of this crop that North Carolina dairymen have the great est opportunity of lowering their feed cost. Because of the present urgent need for milk, some inefficient cows are being retained in prac tically every dairy herd in the state. Mr. Arey believes that by culling out these cows now and applying the time, feed and labor which they have received to the remainder of the herd, a more profitable production can be se cured without any mrterial drop in total production. In view of the pres ant dairy out look, therefore, North Carolina dairymen can improve their po sition by stabilizing production through controlled breeding and the practice of other good herd management practices; by lower ing feed cost through adequate production of good quality rough age and constant culling of the unprofitable cows; by gradually building up herd production through the use of good herd sires; and, by insuring their future mar tets through the production of only ligh quality milk. New Orleans Cotton Exchange Has Birthday NEW ORLEANS, Jan. 13.— (#)— America’s second largest center for the buying and selling of cot ton—the New Orleans Cotton Ex change—this week celebrates its Diamond Jubilee anniversary amid conditions in many ways reminis cent of its founding. A number of the 36 men who met Jan. 17, 1871 in the office of the Life Association of America and voted to organize the Exchange were veterans of the Civil War. Their cotton markets were uncer tain as a result of that conflict And their sources of information on cotton supplies and demands throughout the world were often unreliable and frequently non-exis tent Today many of the members are just out of the uniforms of World War II The exchange is anxiously eyeing the resumptions of foreign trade. It is busy trying to linf.,ug again its more than 300 accredited correspondents scattered over the globe In many cases the P.res®n status of the correspondents is stiu a wartime mystery The 75 years since that January night have seen many changes — in both the Exchange and cotton. When the group organized, to pro vide a central clearing house for cotton orders and for the collection of accurate information on cotton markets throughout the world, the founders were not even sure tneir idea would take. Many dealers were openly hostile; others were indifferent. The first president, E. H. Sum mers, who headed the Union Bank, skipped over 30 applicants J/vao wanted to be superintendent of the exchange. To the post he named the late Henry G. Hester, then a 25-year-old financial and market newspaper reporter, who was to make his own name and that of the Exchange famous in world cot ton circles. Hester had two guiding prin ciples—one that accurate informa tion, and plenty of it, about the cotton markets of the world was essential to cotton trading. His oth. er cardinal tenet called for free trading in buying and selling of cotton “futures” — the purchase or sale, as insurance, of cotton foi a future delivery. Hester dedicated his career to selling the cotton trade on these points. He lived to see his system 1 of statistics collection and market 1 reporting adopted throughout the 1 world, and his sponsorship of the 1 “futures” market seconded by the 1 world’s cotton brokers. } The Exchange members met to • trade for the first time on Feb. 20, 1871, in rented rooms. The first 1 day’s trade in futures was 1600 '• bales. In later years the “futures” business on the New Orleans Ex- , change rose to as high as 612,000 1 bales a day, and 66 million bales a ' year. Spot cotton sales in the Ex- i change pit—cotton delivered on the day it is sold—has passed 60,000 < bales a day, and reached 2,750,000 , bales a year at times. i Hester riled the Exchanged for i 61 years, retiring in 1932—at the age f of 86—as secretary-emeritus. When i he retired, his successor was hand picked. Henry Plauche, who sue- i ceeded him, had been hired in 1 1897 as a $20-per-month messenger, < and in 1903 had become Hester’s assistant. < The rented room which first 1 housed the Exchange is now a 1 seven-story $1,222,520 building. But i the trading process that goes on ( within is essentially the same or- i ganized bedlam. The pit is at one end of a vaulted 1 two-story room. Above it is a i large blackboard, on which cur- 1 rent quotations at the leading mar- < kets of the world are posted, i DEMAND FOR EGGS 1 REMAINS BULLISH The tribulations of Humpty Dumpty are sharply paralleled in the ups-and-downs of current egg prices, ceilings, supply and de mand prospects. During the holidays at the turn of the year Grade-A large eggs, loose, sold in North Carolina at a peak OPA ceiling price of 59 cents the dozen. At that time supply lagged behind demand. Now, as of Thursday, January 10, the OPA ceiling has slithered down to 49.2 cents but supply, contrary to ex pectations, is still sluggish and demand is as bullish as ever. How long this situation will con tinue, State College Extension Ser vice poultry specialists can not predict. The OPA, however, has anticipated egg price trends to slide gradually downward to a low on February 28, there to level off until May 30, and then to start a slow, gradual climb again, and has established ceiling prices ac cordingly with a low for loose Grade—A’s set at 42.2 cents whole sale. (OPA ceilings mentioned are those set up for Zone 15, the Pied mont section of the state. Ceilings for the mountain zone are a small fraction of a cent per dozen lower, a short fraction of a cent higher in the Coastal Plains zone, hence, the Piedmont Zone prices may be used as a median.) Spring showers are expected to bring with them a deluge of eggs, and prices, it is predicted, will sink in the mire, there to be bog ged down for at least three months. Three factors will com bine to make this a flush season for eggs: (1) Infinitely smaller de mand by the Army and Navy: <2) Lifting of meat rationing: (3) Heavy production by the state’s and' nation’s war-geared poultry industry. So great is the egg supply ex pected to be that the U. S. Depart ment of Agriculture has announced a 1946 price support program for the product. The plan is intended to hold the average farm price up to 29 cents per dozen through gov ernment purchases of dried, frozen and graded shell eggs. The govern ment, with a pleading market in war-torn countries, has pledged through its price support program assurance to producers that sur pluses will not be dumped on the domestic market and that an aver age farm price of 29 cents will be maintained. “Producers throughout the na tion,” Secretary of Agriculture Clinton P. Anderson says, “have supplied eggs in record-breaking quantities to meet high war de mands. Thus farmers find them selves geared for production in 1946 on a scale nearly 50 per cent greater than prewar production, but with the prospect of sharply reduced wartime outlets.” During the years when meats were tough to get and tough to cut. Americans ate 390 eggs per year per person, an increase of almost 100 eggs a year over pre war consumption. Now, with meats again a welcome part of the menu, what do you think? Extension poultry \ specialists, pointing to the characteristically short supply and higher prices of eggs in December and January— months during which older laying hens are least inclined to lay— again encouraged Tar Heel poultry men to keep all-pullet flocks be cause of the first-year layers’ never failing record of greater productivity. What with long lines of English men waiting with mouths agape for American eggs—even powder ed eggs—perhaps not the King’s horses but certainly the King’s men will help to put Humpty Dumpty together again. Weed Growers Map Plans For Plant Disease Drive JACKSONVILLE, Jan. 13. - To bacco growers in southeastern :ounties already have mapped a jampaign to beat leaf plant di seases which have been taking part >f farmers’ profits each year, it vas announced today by H. R. 3arriss, Extension Service Plant Pathologist at State College. Gar •iss said that a total of 252 grow ls attended recent meetings for he study of tobacco varities and liseases held in Jacksonville, White Oak, Richlands, Southwood ind Contentnea. GROWERS TO MEET TABOR CITY, Jan. 13 — Final ; dans are completed for coopera ive meetings of strawberry grow ;rs and buyers at Tabor City and ; Ihadbourn on January 31, it was innounced today by J. Y. Lassiter, : lorticulturist of the State College : Extension Service, who said that < he Tabor City meet would be held : it 2 p. m. and the Chadboum ses- ; ;ion at 7 p. m. < (round the walls are extensive : iles of statistical information, veather reports and other per inen. data. ' The pit itself is a circular enclo- ; ure, with several steps ringing it. (round it the brokers gather. Only : nembers of the Exchange, who ! iow number about 300, are permit- ; ed here. Each member stands or j its in his customary place. One dealer announces cotton for ( ale (or another offers to buy) and Lsts the price he wants. Imme liately pandemonium ensues, 'here is a steady current of hoarse ( houting as the brokers attempt to ( ower or raise the price, or vie for , he cotton being sold. When agree- ( nent is reached, Exchange attach- ( is quickly mark up the sale and ; he agreed quotation. 1 From this jumble of voices, say he brokers, they can easily tell , vho is bidding how much for what. ( 3y voice alone, they aver, they ; ian distinguish the identity of the j rarious Exchange members. < White-Fringed Beetles \ Serious Threat To Crops -- J This is the first in a series of three articles prepared for the Star by the Wilmington office of the White Fringe Beotle Control division of the Department of Agriculture. The next article will appear next Monday and will cover quarantine measures employed in controlling the pest. White-Fringed Beetles, family Curculioniade, genus Pantomorus, subgenus Graphognathus, which have been reported as occurring in South America and Australia, were discovered as present in the Gulf Coast area of the United States in 1936. In the summer of 1942 they were found established in Wilmington, N. C., and vicinity. Since that time isolated infesta tions have been located in several other places in southeastern North Carolina, a total of 9,865 acres in 15 counties being classified as in fested at the end of 1945. These beetles are potentially serious agricultural pests, capable of doing considerable economic damage to crops grown in North Carolina. The larvae or grubs live in the soil where they feed upon and destroy the roots of such im portant food, feed, fiber and oil crops as peanuts, corn and cotton. They also attack tobacco, soy beans, truck crops and a variety oi outer emote as weu as orna mental plants. While the adult beetles are less destructive to crops than the larvae, they feed on various plants and cause some damage. In comparison with other insect pests of agriculture, white-fringed beetles are unique in many of their habits and in their biology. The adults, which are all females capable of producing eggs that will hatch without fertilization, and thus reproduce parthenogenetical ly, occur above ground in greatest numbers during the months of June, July and August. They are unable to fly and upon emergence from the soil seek shade, shelter and food. They feed on over 200 known species of plants and starl depositing eggs after feeding. Eggs are laid in clusters of a few to as high as 60 on sticks and other objects in contact with the ground, and with favorable food each adult will deposit about 600 eggs. Under favorable conditions of tempera ture and moisture, the eggs hatch in 15 days but under other condi tions, eggs have been found to re main viable for many months. The larvae or grubs are soil inhabiting and upon hatching from the egg travel into the soil where they feed upon plant roots or de composing vegetable matter dur ing the fall, winter and spring months, reaching larval maturity in May or early June. The prin cipal economic damage caused by white-fringed beetles results from the larvae feeding on the roots of young and germinating plants in the spring. By severely feeding on the lower part of the stem or by chewing awav the tanroot. the vounfi nlant.s discolor, wilt and die. Where roo feeding is not so severe, the plant: may survive, but little or no croi is produced. After the larvae have completed their growth anc stopped feeding they construci pupal cells in the soil and emerge as adults after a period of ap proximately 15 days. While the insect is known to oc cur in the United States only along the Gulf Coast and in North Caro lina, normal low temperatures en countered in those areas fail to appreciably influence larval popu lations. Insofar as temperature is concerned it is believed possible for the beetle to become establish ed as far north and west as Penn sylvania, Illinois Kansas, and Cali fornia. Research observations made to date indicate that under certain existing conditions the insect can rapidly increase in numbers. No effective parasites or predators have been found to date. These factors materially enhance the white-fringed beetle’s importance as an economic insect pest and the possibilities of its farther spread. Due to the fact that white-fringed peetles have demonstrated their potential ability to cause economic prop damage to many of the agri pultural crops grown in the south, md also in view of the fact that he insect was of apparent recent ntroduction to, and not widely listributed in, the southern states, State Pest Control officials and he U. S. Department of Agricul ure deemed it advisable to initiate i program to control tnis pest. Upon discovery of the beetle in forth Carolina, the North Caro ina Department of Agriculture in cooperation with the U. S. Depart nent of Agriculture inaugurated a irogram similar to that being con iucted in the infested areas of the iffected Gulf Coast states. In ormation accumulated in research ictivities is used in the formula ion of procedures for controlling he populations and spread of the leetle. These functions are the •esponsibility of the White-Fringed ieetle Control Project with field leadquarters in the Post Office building, Wilmington. Sub-offices tre located in Goldsboro, Hope dills, Burgaw, Jacksonville, and ’eachland. The primary objec ives of the Control Project’s pro iram are to suppress existent loulations of white-fringed beetles, irevent the spread of the beetle rom known infested' areas by the nforcement of quarantine meas ures, and to conduct inspections hroughout the States of North Carolina, South Carolina and Vir ginia to locate and delimit infesta ions. Basic information pertaining to lew infestations and the limits of existent infestations is obtained by ictual inspections made in the ield by trained personnel. In con noting this phase of the program, two methods are employed. One involves a search for adult beetles during their period of greatest abundance. The other is accom plished by digging fqr larvae un der plants showing physical dis tress symptoms such as discolora tion and wilt. The latter procedure is usually employed in the spring, fall, and, to a lesser degree, win ter months. Especial emphasis is placed on the inspection of railroad car stor age yards, sidings, cotton gins, warehouse areas, processing plants, nurseries, concentration centers and community gathering places, experience having proven such sites to be the most likely sources of infestation. The suppression of known popu lations of the beetle is accom plished by the application of con trol measures. These measures are an integral part of the pro gram designed to prevent the artificial and natural spread oi white-fringed beetles from infested areas. Methods employed to ac complish control include the ap plication during the adult beetle season of insecticides and herb icides. Sterilization and fumiga tion procedures have also been developed to accomplish this ob jective. The quarantine phase of the pro gram is especially instrumental in preventing the spread of the insect to distant points. Quaran tines promulgated by the North Carolina Department of Agricul ture and U. S. Department of Agri culture are in force to prevent : these pests from being carried to jninfested parts of North Carolina 1 ir to other States. Such materials I ind commodities as soil, nursery * stock, hay, white potatoes, pea- 1 luts, cotton, scrap metal, imple- 1 nents, machinery, forest products 1 md building materials must be < authorized for movement by in- i spectors as apparently beetle-free 1 oefore being moved out of teg ilated areas. i Inspection service and informa- ' tion is available without charge < in all regulated areas in North * Carolina and the cooperation of the public in conforming with the c quarantine requirements is solicit- i ed. s VETERINARY MEET TO OPEN JAN. 22 COLLEGE STATION, Raleigh Jan. 13—The Eighth Annual Veter, inary Cohference is scheduled tc open at State College on Tuesday January 22, according to an an nouncement today by Dr. C. D Grinnells, chairman of the confer ence committee and veterinariar with the Agricultural Experimenl Station at State College. To be featured during the four day meeting will be the special guest speakers, Dr. Otto Stader ol the Ardmore Animal Hospital, Ard more, Penn., who will speak on small animal diseases; Dr. A. G. Danks of the New York State Veter, inary College in Ithaca, N. Y., who will discuss surgery; Dr. George Hopson, De Laval, veterinarian of New York City, whose subject will be mastitis; Dr. E. P. Johnson, animal pathologist of the Virginia Agricultural Experiment Station at Blacksburg, Va., who will discuss luekosis in poultry; and Dr. H. C. Smith of Allied Laboratories, Inc., of Sioux City, Iowa, who will lead a discussion of penicillin. During the first day’s meeting, disease of swine and poultry will be discussed, Dr. Grinnells says. On the second day, the program will be devoted to a study of dis eases of large animals, and the third day to rabies and small ani mal diseases. The fourth and final day will be given to clinics. A total of 150 members of the American Veterinary Association are expected to attend the Confer ence, plus a number of members of the State College staff. COLLEGE TO OFFER $3,000 IN AWARDS COLLEGE STATION, Raleigh, Jan. 13—Cash awards totaling $3, 000 will be distributed to North Carolina farmers this year by the State College Extension Service in its second annual five-acre cotton contest with the view to increasing production and improving the quality of cotton grown in this state. All prize money is contributed by private businesses. Growers who enter the contest must seed as much as five acres in a single plot using cotton strains normally producing lint at least one inch in length. Both land lords and, or tenants may enter. Prospective contestants may get full rules and particulars from county agents. State prizes of $800 for first place and $*00 for second place will be awarded. Winners may not receive district nremiums which will be awarded in three separate sections of the state as follows: $300, $200 and $100 for first, seconc and third places respectively, Money won by landlords and ten ants will be divided on the same basis as the crop itself. Growers who won last year are not eligible for the same prize this year, but may compete for another prize. 1 The state winner last year was George H. Blanton of Rutherford County, who produced 7,080 pounds of lint on five acres at a produc tion cost of 8 cents a pound. 1946 FAT STI K SHOW DATES SET COLLEGE STATION, Raleigh, Jan. 13 — Rocky Mount’s Fat Stock Show, to be held at Worsley’s Stock Yards April 3 and 4, will be the ninth and the biggest of the annual shows to date, it was an nounced today by L. I. Case, in charge of Extension Service animal husbandry at State College. Fine farm animals, for show and sale, will be brought from Person, Durham, Wake, Harnett, Hoke and Scotland counties for the exposition, Case said, indicat ing that while the swine division of the show will “probably be tight,” the cattle display is ex pected to be the largest ever staged in this section of the state. Prize money for cattle will total $357.00 and will be distributed this year according to the U. S. Stand ard Grade on a 5-3 basis. Under this system, owners of animals grading ‘'prime” or "choice” will receive equal money and owners of animals grading “good” will get equal money amounting to 60 per cent of premiums paid for top stock Swine prizes will total $323.00. FFA and 4-H Club lads will vie for $50 in cash prizes offered win ners of a junior judging contest. The stock yard was chosen as the site of the show when it developed that warehouse floor space would not be available. Because of food and feed short ages during the war years, top prize monies for cattle had been distributed to “middle good and better” grades, second prizes going to “middle medium to low good animals. FIVE Oxford Physician Plans To Enter Dairy Business OXFORD, Jan. 13 — Dr. W. N. Thomas of Oxford, owner of a small but fine herd of pure bred Hereford cattle, now plans to enter the beef cattle business on a com mercial scale. He will alter hi* bull calves, creep feeding them as they run with the cows, and will market the calf crop at weaning time. L. I. Case, Extension Serv ice animal husbandryman at State College, says the Thomas farm i» “well equipped with feed, ma chinery and shelter.” A. B. Clement, also of Oxford, who culled his Hereford herd close, ly during the war, now plans to reinforce the herd with increased pastures and feed crops. Guernsey Cattle Club To Award Certificates WINSTON-SALEM. Jan. 13 — The American Guernsey Cattle club will award certificates of ac complishment to one of its mem bers in each North Carolina county who has performed the most out standing work with a pure bred Guernsey calf in 1945, it was an nounced today by R. A. McLaugh lin, field representative of the club. County winners and county agents of the State College Exten sion Service will be the guests of the club at a luncheon in the Rob ert E. Lee Hotel here, February Farmers selling timber should see that their woodlands are left in condition to produce more good quality forest products, says R. W. Graeber of the State College Forestry Extension Service. North Corlina Farmers Building, Repairing Now By MRS. ESTHER G. WILLIS Because housing is an acute na tional and local problem, progress on building materials and house plans, demonstrating desirable characteristics and standards for each room in the house, have been given in 1,146 North Carolina (com munities by Extension agents. Flora McDonald, home agent of Moore County, says, “Never has there been such a building boom as during the past year.’’ The Thaggards neighborhood illustrates what has been done all over the county. “The Thaggard* Home Demons tration Club is located in the Eureka community between Carth age, Vass, and Lakeview. It is made up entirely of farm families who raise tobacco as their chief crop. The club has twenty mem bers, most of whom are homemak ers with young families. The im provement of their homes and the building of new ones has made a remarkable record. Four have new homes, and two have plans com pleted to build as soon as more materials are available. Six have remodeled, and three others plan to make changes in their homes. inis program was started in the spring of 1939 in a kitchen im provement contest in the county in which forty-four kitchens were entered. Two of that number were homes of the Thaggards neighbor hood. “The home of Mr. and Mrs. M. B. Kelly was destroyed by fire, which necessitated the building of a new one. They found some timber and a saw mill in operation on an adjacement farm. After living in a tobacco barn for a few months, they were able to move into a con venient, comfortable and attrac tive six room house. Mrs. Kelly’s kitchen was made large enough for many household tasks, a large square room with the cabinets and stove in the shape of the letter L. This left two sides of the' ktichen for eating and washing. Today the room is pretty, with colorful win dow ornaments, curtains, painted walls and floors. "A special feature of the attrac tive two story home of the J. M. Kellys, built from home grown tim ber, is a basement utility room. It is the work room where many such jobs as canning, washing, ironing, I preparation of foods for the curb j market, and the care of milk and | milk products will be done. This j home also has a roomy screened in back porch with a closet for work clothes and other things. It also has an extra room for clean ing equipment. “Mr. and Mrs. O. S. Darnell’s new brick home has the foundation well layed. The nine room brick home of Mr. and Mrs. Howard Matthews is now receiving its finishing touches. This home has all of the modern conveniencies of a city house, lights, running water, electric kitchen equipment, a heat “*6 h3j j miu uuiii, an auouaaiiuu. A large basement provides space tor car storage, heating plant, and a laundry room which can be used tor canning and other necessary work. “Mrs. D. J. Blue had a small ntchen with an adjoining pantry j jff the back porch. Her husband I Duilt cabinets on one side of the j citchen and in the pantry. Thisj Save all the necessary storage: ipace for her small family. “In all of these homes adequate itorage and work space has been irovided. There is also space to iat, sleep and rest comfortably, dost of all the homes are the kind hat the families love to come iome to and call their own. These hanges and newly built homes ire free of debt and have electric ines approved for their section. ’he Thaggards community is a eal ‘before and after’ example of /hat well directed plans used by pen minds and willing hands can ccomplish.” Mrs. Anne T. Page, Home gent . f Irdell County, says that there I ; a great deal of remodeling and j I ome new houses being built in j I that country. “Mr. and Mrs. E. W. Fox, Oak dale neighborhood, have their house under construction. Mr. Fox and their sixteen year old son, Jim my, are doing all the work. Thi* has saved considerably on cost. They began work in July and ara now completing their home. Mr. Fox’s other work and not being able to get materials has caused delay. Mrs. Fox said, ‘I have been plan ning this home for about six years, so the time since the house was started has not seemed long to wait.” "The floor plan Includes living room, den, dinette, two bedrooms, bath, kitchen, small hall and back porch. They are insulating and providing central heat. Asbestos shingles are used. During the time she has been working on her house plans, Mrs. Fox has made many changes and improvements. She said, ‘The information at club meetings on house furnishings and home management has helped me a great deal. I am well pleased with my storage. I have a basement, a closet in svery room, and one on the back porch, and a Dutch cunboard in th„ dinette. I have my color schemes worked out for the different rooms too. The placement of my doors and windows gave me trouble but the windows are now placed to give me good wall space for furniture as well as light and air, and the traffic lanes through the house are real good.’ Mrs. Fox is very good with sew ing and she will make all her cur tains and is planning to renew old furniture with slip covers. She has a beautiful hooked rug which she made.” This is typical of the work being done on housing all over North Carolina. 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