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ximxmtm fwnrtttttn Jytnr • ~_State and National News ^^-NQ' 72’ ■ WILMINGTON, N. C., TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 5, 1946 ESTABLISHED^ tort r isner buildings Tr^V5 T 0 Highest Bidders y'oale rC* ,c for the purchase of the JXJoOO worth of buildings anc Mnent installed by the War de 1 at Fort Fisher, will be Part*d at 10 a.m., on March 6, bj fill estate branch of the Armj fleers office at Raleigh, ac t0 Associated Press dis t0‘5 from the state capital las1 P?'“ The Fort Fisher facility was eted on two tracts of land leas 1 the War department frorr f ,, Brothers of Wilmington, f ncated on the Fort Fisher res \ ion are approximately 1.00C fittings of which the largesl fracture is the hospital, which has flrds in addition to many oth 'fcjHtjes The hospital, which Wilmington Post No. 10, Amen :region, has waged a vigorous car‘ t0 have certified as a unit if he treatment of World War II veterans, was completed on the 1 , Fort Fisher was inactivated “the War department._ The sale, which will be the larg est in the south Atlantic region annCa11thenWtr’S- 6nd’ wil1 be on an all-cash basis, and bids may be submitted for one or any num ber °f items but a separate amount must be bid for each building or improvements constituting an item. s Under terms of the sale, remov al of all buildings must be com pleted by August 1, 1946 or prin cipals must deal with the owners of the property thereafter. Many of the buildings, includ ing mess halls, are equipped with stoves, sinks, refrigerators, etc., while a large amount of the lum ber used in the buildings could be salvaged and used for building homes, according to W. F. Wil liams, project manager, real es tate branch of the Engineers office. Commencing today and for the next few weeks, guides will be on the property for the express pur 1 ' -- - ^-1 pose of showing prospective bid ders through the buildings. Guide service will be maintained on a seven-day week basis, Raleigh ad vices said yesterday. Authorization for the calling of bids for the sale of the Fort Fish er buildings came yesterday when the deadline was reached and the owners of the property, Thomas and Louis Orrell, had failed to take advantage of their priority, under provisions of the surplus property act, to negotiate pur chase of government-owned build ings and improvements on the property. While no definite commitments have been made by the Orrell brothers as to future use of the property after the buildings there on have been removed, rumor has been rife for several weeks to the effect that at least one Wilming (Continued on Page Two; Col. 7) \ ---- ■ COUNTY PROPERTY PUT UP FOR SALE Site Of County Home ToB( Sold By New Han over Board More than 100 acres of laud up on which is located the New Han over County Home is available for purchase from the County Boarc < commissioners, it was official disclosed yesterday. The prop „lv lies along the Castle Hayne read It will be available to pn vate and individual purchasers. The decision to let the public how the land is for sale came after a motion by Commissions George Trask, was carried by £ vote of three to two. Voting to disfavor tne movt were Addison Hewlett, chairmar of the board and Commissioner Harry Gardner who gave as then reasons the belief that the lane should not be sold until the group secures rights to buy more -anc to replace this and, the land lost to Bluethenthal airport, and the be lief that prospects for securing r.ew industries for Wilmington anc New Hanover are now brightei than ever before. Commissioner Gardner pointed out that the property is bisected by the Atlantic Coast Line rail way, and is located near the air port, making it ideal for the loca tion of industries. The opposition contended thai erection of homes, as well as in dustries would enhance fax valua tions on the property. (Continued on Page Two; Col. 4) OPA ORDER EASES SHIRT SITUATION Manufacturers Now Per mitted To Sell More High er Priced Garments WASHINGTON, Feb. 4—(jP) - OPA today relaxed its maximun average price regulation in < wove designed to relieve the acut< shortage of men’s shirts. At the same time the agenc: said “only a very small percent age of shirt manufacturers hav< let themselves get into difficult: by failing to make enough low priced goods to balance then higher priced production.” the revision of the “map reg ulation applies only to shirt pro (Suction. The OPA said the effec would be to permit manufacturer; to deliver a somewhat larger pro Portion of higher price line shirts The new order does not change existing price ceilings for individ tial shirts. •Continued on Page Two; Col. 3] Weather Table FORECAST ratk0r*k Carolina — Mostly cloudy an< rai t tola Tuesday. Occasional ligh ** Tuesday with some light sleet ii mountains early Tuesday, o- Carolina—Occasional light rail Ur’nt 1ZZ1'e and coc>1 Tuesday with som< 6‘h sieet in mountains early Tuesday (Eastern Standard Time) (B> U. S. Weather Bureau) •rnie eoIological data for the 24 hour ng ':30 P-m. yesterday. . Temperatures 7.0V a-™- 44; 7:30 a.m. 33; 1:30 p.m. 46 '•rj P-m. 46 ^orn^rr 491 Minimum 321 Mean 39 , Humidity 7 'in n a,m- 87: 7:30 a.m. 72; 1:30 p.m. 58 '•’30 P.m. 72 . Precipitation . fi /or 24 hours ending 7:30 pm. T- mehes. inch -Ce mon4h ft»r. Tides For Today S r\tne Tide Tables published by £ ast and Geodetic Survey) TVilmino* High Low mmgton - - a m. 6:56 a.nr IfasnnK 12:21 P-m- 7 :23 P-11 nboro Inlet _ 9:59 a.m. 3:44 a.rr S,m . 10:18 p.m. 4:18 p.rr Moonr"Se .7:06 a m ; Sunset 5:46 p.m r, *®:32 a.m.; Moonset 9:34 p.m. a.rn J Stag€ at Fayetteville, N. C. at feet. 0nday’ 15-° feet and Sunday, 2?. 'Continued on Page Two; Col. 3 SCHOOL CUSTODIANS STRIKE BRINGS JOY , TO 70,000 CHILDREN ST. LOUIS, Feb. 4— (JP) — Seventy thousand school chil dren enjoyed an unscheduled holiday today and a wage dis pute between members of the AFL custodians and matrons union and the board of educa tion gave every indication of closing all of the city’s 129 pub lic schools by tomorrow. The custodians union is ask ing a $20 average monthly wage increase. A strike voted by the union two months ago started at 7 a.m. and all but 21 schools were forced to suspend classes either because of lack of heat, water or food or because build ings were locked. John Rollings, secretary of the AFL Central Trades and Labor union, said picket lines would be thrown around all school buildings tomorrow. Approximately 90.000 stu dents will be affected if all schools are closed. ATTEMPT TO KILL CASE BILL FAILS House Members However, Turn Thumbs Down On More Serious Proposals WASHINGTON, Feb. 4— (U.R)—'The House rejected an attempt to kill the drastic Case strike-control bill, but turned thumbs down on pro posals which would have made it even more severe. In a hectic five-hour session in which normal parliamentary pro cedure was ignored, the chamber voted down, 130 to 42, a motion by Rep. Emanuel Celler, D., N. Y., that it abandon consideration of the Case measure. He proposed that this be achieved by eliminating the enacting clause of the Labor committee’s watered-down version of President Truman’s fact-finding proposal. This would have killed both bills automatically. The chamber then turned to con (Continued on Page Two; Col. 7) WOMENAREURGED TO CONSERVE HOSE NEW YORK, Feb. 4—(IP)—Hoy ■ E. Tilles, president of Gotham ■ Hosiery company, said the stocK ; ing shortage in both nylons and rayons would continue for af least another year unless women them selves undertook a voluntary con servation program. He said every woman must vol untarily ration herself to one pair a month and refuse to patronize '‘hole-in-corner sources” for name less hosiery at exorbitant prices. Tilles said producers of rayon yarn realize that it is a desirable fiber for stockings and they should resume supplying hosiery manu ( facturers even though the govern ; ment no longer forces them to do 1 so. __ CAPE FEAR AREA RIVERS IN BILL New Measure, Exp ected To Reach White House Thurs day, To Speed Work Wilmington Star-News Washington Bureau WASHINGTON, Feb. 4.—Sever al Wilmington area river projects, for which appropriations will be permitted, are contained in legis lation which Congress is expected to send to the White House about Thursday, according to informa tion released here today. Under normal procedure, authorization for work on these projects would be delayed until at least six months after the official end of the war—a date in the indefinite future. In a nutshell, the legislation in question places in effect, the 1945 Rivers and Harbors act which au thorized approximately 300 "works of improvement,” on the nation’s waterways, to be “prosecuted as speedily as may be consistent with budgetary requirements.” The new bill strikes out a clause saying "that no project herein an.thrvrirari ah all a nrvrr»T>r\ a t.f»d for or constructed until six months after the termination of the pres ent war’’ unless ‘‘approved by the President as being necessary or desirable in the interest of the national defense and security..” Wilmington area projects autho rized by the 1945 act include: Inland waterway, Beaufort to Cape Fear river, with waterway to Jacksonville, N. C. This project calls for the construction of six mooring basins along the main channel of the Inland waterway, Beaufort to the Cape Fear river, at points north and south of More head City and in the vicinity of Swansboro, Peru, Seabreeze and Fish Factory, N. C., at an esti mated cost of $24,000. Improvement of Cape Fear riv er, at and below Wilmington: Un der term of this project, the length of the southerly approach to the anchorage basin will be increased from 1,500 feet to 4,500 feet, and the depth brought to 32 feet at mean low water from Wilmington to the outer end of the ocean bar channel and in the turning basin at Wilmington. Width of the entire (Continued on Page Two; Col. 3) ALL U. S. CITIZENS HAVE $1,996 DEBT WASHINGTON, Feb. 4—(/P) — The public debt today rose again to a new high, reaching $279,444, 616,125.28, or $287,296,835.19 more than the previous high. The new high figure covered the debt through the end of January. Treasury analysts said the debt had increased by approximately $772,000,000 in January, chiefly due to issuance of $654,000,000 in new special government securities issues. Based on the nation’s current population of about 140,000,000, the new debt total equals about $1,9961 per person. j New York Radio tans bee Television Color Exhibit NEW YORK, Feb. 3—(JP)—'Tele ’ vision in color, as developed in the laboratories of the Columbia ; Broadcasting system and trans mitted on the newly assigned ex - perimental channels in the higher frequencies, is being shown here in a series of daily public demon strations designed to indicate ad vancements since V-J day. Effective results are being ob ' tained with films and slides. ! This is the second demonstration ; of color since the end of the war, ’ the Radio Corporation of America B having shown its equipment last 3 December 73, but in a live-talent presentation at its Princeton, N. I J. . .laboratories. Spokesmen for CBS, which since I \pril, 1944, has advocated the! transfer of television to the high er frequencies to enable develop ment of an “improved system,” said that a newly designed trans mittter, just installed by Federal telephone and radio engineers, was being used for the first time. It operates on a wide-band chan nel centered at 490 megacycles with a power of one kilowatt, but: engineers said it had an effective nutput of 20 kilowatts. Two types of receivers are used, rhe principal one is of the direct viewing type with an image ap (Continued on Page Two; Col. 2) fc RUSSIA SEEKS TO INVOKE VETO POWER IN UNO FIGHT WITH GREA T BRITAIN; 1,400,000 IDLE IN STRIKES IN U.S. AFL Tugboat Men Throttle New York City Administration Maps Emer gency Plans After Peace Move Fails BRASS WORKERS OUT President Truman Renews Efforts To End Nation’s No. 1 Walkout STRIKE SITUATION TODAY Nation’s total idle in labor disputes passes 1,400,000 mark. Major developments: Shipping—Strike of 3,000 AFL tugboat workers in New York harbor termed 98 per cent ef fective by union official; city maps emergency measures. Brass—14,400 CIO brass work ers strike against two of brass industry’s “Big Three” in Connecticut and Buffalo, N. Y. Steel—President Truman sum mons labor secretary, union leaders to conference apparent, ly co cerned with the amount of a boost in steel prices; new pricing formula expected from White House. By The Associated Press A strike described by a union official as the most extensive to hit New York harbor since 1919 tied up shipping in the nation’s busiest port yesterday (Monday) and cut off a large portion of the city’s food and fuel supplies. Capt. William Bradley, president of local 333, United Marine divi sion of the AFL International Longshoremen’s association, said that by midday yesterday the (Continued on Page Two; Col. 5) YOUTH CONFESSES DOUBLE G Bladen Farmer Held In Gruesome Murder Of Wife, Young Daughter ELIZABETHTOWN, Feb. 4.—UP) —Woodrow Ewing, 18, of near Elizabethtown was confined to Bladen county jail without bond today under a charge of murder in connection with the death of his wife and infant stepdaughter, whose bodies were found yester day in a shallow grave near the youth’s rural home. Sheriff H. Manly Clark said Ewing, whom he described as a farmer, textile worker and former inmate of the slate reform school, had confessed to slaying his wife and her l3-month-old daughter by a former union after being taken to the scene of the makeshift grave. Clark identified the dead woman as Camille Lou’se Miller Ewing, also 18, who formerly lived in Asheboro. The child was identified as Julia Ann, but the father’s name was not disclosod. ‘Continued on Page Two; Col. 6) Along The Cape Fear BACK TO NORMALCY — There is definite indication that the world is returning to normalcy after long 'ears at war. Especially here in .Vilmington, But, what with the papers full of strikes, and this high official and that one calling another one name of names, and everything be ing in a sort of general stew, we’d never know about the return to normalcy if we hadn’t strolled down Front street late the other night. There, in the show window of the W. J. Hines Candy company, was a display chock full of those huge, red-striped peppermint sticks. They were even bigger than the ones Grandpa used to say he got in his stocking over the hearth of Christmas morning. BETTER THAN PRE-WAR—The huge sticks—some of them must weigh five pounds — look better than any we saw before the war. We didn’t get a chance to talk to the Hines people about their supply. It was too late when we walked by—about three o’clock in the morning. . There was some wonderment in our musing about how they can b^ve such huge peppermint sticks, because it so happens we’d just finished reading a story in The Star about what a tough time lo cal restaurants are having trying to get enough sugar for their cus tomers’ coffee. And about how they’ve practically had to quit serving pies, puddings, etc. Any enlightment on this would be appreciated. PRE AMBULATORS, TOO — On the same early morning stroll we noticed some preambulators on dis play, too. This reminded us again of normalcy. Time was, just a year or so back—maybe not that long—when a new baby just had to make out with an old buggy. In fact, there was a brisk mar ket in second-hand baby buggies. Or else the new mothers borrowed from their friends whose babies had outgrown the buggies. But there these preambulators were on display. Attractive, too, as if the store-keeper — it was too dark for us to read the name— wants to sell the wares. And, as a last item, we noted men’s shorts on display in a local haberdashery. They were gone the next morning, though. Halsey Foretells Great Future For Port Here P. F. Halsey is shown at left above while he was being in terviewed by Ben McDonald, Kouncl-the-Town Reporter for the Star-News, on a Star-News reel broadcast over radio sta tion WMFD, In the interview, Halsey, vice president and general manager of the North Carolina Ship build'ng company, said“. . . . With vision and forethought and the development of a long range plan there is no reason why Wilmington cannot com pete with any port in a city this size in the world.” Halsey appeared on the Star Newsreel broadcast here Sun day afternoon. PAEEY GIVES LIE TO TANKER CHARGE California 0 i 1 Magnate Denies He Told Thorn burg Of $6,000 Deal WASHINGTON, Feb. 4. — (U.R) — Edwin W. Pauley, California oil magnate and former treasurer of the Democratic National commit tee, today branded as a “deliber ate, premeditated lie” charges by a former State department em ploye that he expected to get $6,000 out of the transfer of a U. S. tanker to Mexico. The charges- were made by Max W. Thornburg, former State de partment petroleum adviser, be fore the Senate Naval Affairs com mittee which is studying Pauley’s nomination to be Undersecretary of the Navy. Thornburg said that Pauley told aim in late July or early August, 1941, that he stood to realize $6,000 from the tanker deal if it was ap proved by the State department. Thornburg quoted Pauley as saying be did not want the money for him self, but planned on turning it over to the Democratic campaign chest. Pauley categorically denied the allegation. In turn, he accused Thornburg, a former vice-presi dent of Standard Oil company, of resisting efforts by oil companies Pther than his own to go into Mexico. “Thornburg never at any time wanted anybody to fool with Mex ico except his own company and affiliates, Standard Oil and Shell,” Pauley said. Continued on Page Two; Col. 2) COIN BOX ROBBERIES HOLD UP TOTALS ON “DIMES” CAMPAIGN W. K. Rhodes, Jr., chairman of the March of Dimes, said last night a full account of yes terday’s total could not be giv en because seven coin boxes had been stolen during the aft ernoon. Chairman Rhodes once again warned the public, "hold to those coin boxes until we call for them.’’ ‘ With the county quota short $2,000, the committee lias de cided, the chairman explained, to hold the balance of the month open for the receiving of the checks that the present totals of over $6,000 might be added to. The drive closed officially last Thursday, Rhodes pointed out, hut the local campaign was continued through yester day. ETA DC rvDDrcccn I Li/mu LAI 1ILUULV OVER SHIP RESCUE SEWARD, Alaska, Feb. 4—(U.R) —The S. S. Yukon, aground on the jagged rocks of treacherous Johnson bay with 495 persons aboard, was reported “breaking up fore and aft” tonight in a rag ing north Pacific blizzard and the Coast Guard ordered rescue at tempts despite the mountainous seas. No injuries among the 371 pas sengers and 124 crew members were reported by the ship’s cap tain who advised naval district headquarters at Kodiak that the Yukon was listing 20 degrees in the raging waters. Standing by and attempting to get a line aboard the stricken vessel was the Coast Guard Cut ter Onondago, which picked up the Yukon’s first distress signal at 9:09 a. m. (EST) today and reaching the ship about nine hours rushed immediately to her aid, later. (Continued on Page Two; Col. 7) REPORTS SAY ARM WILL LEAVE CHINA High-Ranking Naval Offi cers Confer With Mar shall At Chungking CHUNGKING, Feb. 4.—(U.R)—Tw< high-ranking American naval ol ficers conferred with Gen. Georgi C. Marshall today amid uncon firmed reports that the U. S. armj plans to pull out of China as soor as possible, leaving American in terests completely in the hands o the Navy and Marine Corps. Meeting with Marshall were Vici Admiral Charles M. Cooke, Jr. U. S. Seventh Fleet commander and Vice Admiral Stuart Murray former commander of the fame< American Battleship Missouri, whi is laying the groundwork for ; future naval mission to China. sending credence 10 reports uia China soon may become a nava theater is the fact that nava forces in China now outnumbe: army personnel. Because of this Cooke outranks the U. S. arm; commander in China, Lt. Gen. A1 bert C. Wedemeyer. It was pointed out that the navj will be busy for some time in th< future in its task of repatriating Japanese, transporting Chinesi troops and training the fledgling Chinese navy. Meanwhile, it was announcet that Marshall will tour the com bat areas where fighting ha; ceased during the middle of Feb ruary in company with Gen Chang Chin-Chung, head of th< political training board of the Na tional Military Council, and Choi En-lai, chief Communist negotia tor in organization of a unifiec China. Marshall, after exchanging views with many authorities, now is drafting a broad plan designed tc bring lasting peace to the far east. It is understood the plan will be presented to the White House for approval when it is complete. Dignified Justices Uphold Modesty Of Magazine Girl WASHINGTON, Feb. 4.—(U.R)— The dignified justices of the Su preme court today unanimously upheld the modesty of the curva ceous but scantily-clad Varga Girl. The court ended a two-year legal Iispute by ruling that Esquire magazine, Varga girl and all, can ae sent through the mails at sec and class rates. It arrived at its lecision after inspecting life-size exhibits of the semimude wench. Started By Walker Former Postmaster General Frank C. Walker started the long ; court fight. He tried to ban the magazine from the second - class mails on the grounds that its con tents, and especially the Varga i I gal, were not morally palatable. He used such terminology as ob scene, lewd, lascivious, etcetera, and argued that the publication did not furnish information of a "public character.” But Justice William 0 Douglas, writing the court’s opinion, held that to grant Walker’s premises would be to vest him with the pow ;r of censorship. “Power Abhorect” "Such a power is so abhorrent ;o our traditions,” he wrote, "that i purpose to grant it should not be :asily inferred.” He went on to sav that the Amer Continued on Page Two; Col. 7) T i ^ Session Ends Without Vote On Red Claim Soviet Diplomat Enters Acrimonious Debate With England’s Bevin __ - T U. S. BACKS BRITAIN Stettinius Tells Assembly He Sees No Wrong Ac tion In Greece LONDON, Feb. 4. — (/P) — Russia sought for the first time to use its veto power in the United Nations Security council tonight in an effort to prevent action clearing Great Britain of Soviet charges of endangering the peace by keeping troops in Greece. The potentially powerful 11-nation council adjourned, however, without deciding whether the Russians, as a disputing party, could invoke the veto at this stage of the pro ceedings. Russia raised the veto issue af ter six and one-half hours of some times acrimonious debate in which British Foreign Secretary Ernest Bevin gave “the lie direct” to Russian charges that Britain was guilty of endangering peace—the “most diabolical crime of man kind,” Bevin said. Drop Demands Only a few minutes earlier, Sov , let Foreign Vice Commissar An drei Vishinsky had dropped Rus 'Continued on Page Two; Col. 4) DARKNESSHALTS SEARCH IN RIVER Four Drown In Motorboat Accident On Catawba; One R PCAiravU n ---f, CHARLOTTE, Feb. 4 (/p) — Darkness tonight forced weary searchers to abandon until tomor 1 row efforts to recover from the I Catawba river the bodies of two i young men, who with two com i panions were drowned in a Sun day motorboat accident. Mecklenburg county police head | quarters said the bodies of two [ young women, Sue Tummire. 19, | of Hickory and Helen Overcash, 20, of Charlotte, were recovered ; today during dragging operations. The other victims, whose bodies will be the object of a renewed search tomorrow, were William Shields, 22, and William Stewart, 22, both recently discharged from the armed forces. Both lived near Charlotte. Meanwhile, a fifth occupant of the boat—and the only one able to swim to safety when it capsized ‘ in the Catawba county section of the river Sunday afternoon—was reported recovering today from the effects of exposure and shock. She is Mildred Overcash, 20, a first cousin of one of the drowned girls. All of the girls were student nurses at Charlotte’s Mercy hos pital. | AND SO TO BED... You know how aunts, uncles, and cousins are. They all want ed a picture of the little niece, 7. uniy picture tuc laiuuy nau was an enlargement; it was the only picture, in fact, that ever had been taken of the lit tle girl and Mama wouldn’t part with it. Yesterday, being rather bright and sunny, an uncle decided to take a picture of the little girl. Previously, there had been some kidding in the family about ,‘taking the picture from Mama.” So when Uncle came out with the camera and told the little girl he was going to take her picture, she went Into something close to a tantrum. ‘‘You will not take my pic ture,” she stamped her foot. And, by the verichrome, they didn’t take her picture—until she’d been given the one on the mantel-piece to hold tightly in her little hands while Uncle snapped with his camera. V'