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The Wilmington morning star. [volume] (Wilmington, N.C.) 1909-1990, February 07, 1946, Image 1

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I FORECAST Served By Leased Wires
of the
Wilmington and vicinity — Thursday «nd the
fraIly becomln* miId ln a,ter- ASSOCIATED PRESS
With Complete Coverage of
i——-- State and National News
Russia Bows
To U.S. Plea
Over Greece
Critical Soviet-British Dis
pute On Triops Smooth
ed Out By Council
Principals Shake Hands,
While Stettinias Draws
Meditation Applause
LONDON, Feb. 6.—Iff)—The Unit
ed Nations Security Council to
r;ght ended the critical Soviet
Lri,ish dispute over the presence
0; British troops in Greece after
jussia yielded on every major
chaVge made against British pol
icy in Greece.
Soviet Vice Commissar Andrei
Vishinsky declared in a statement
to the Council that he would not
jn;ist on a declaration that British
troops in Greece were a menace to
world peace, as he had originally
charged, nor that those troops
should be withdrawn immediately.
Bevin Accepts
; foreign Secretary Ernest Be
vin Lion announced Britain would
accept a formula for settling the
dispute which was drafted orig
inally by the United States and
introduced tonight by Russia. It
provided for having the council
drop the case with a statement by
President Norman J. O. Makin
of Australia, and pass on to the
next business.
Bevin and Vishinsky immediate
ly shook hands amidst applause
from members of the council and
the audience. The Russian and
British loaders, who had battled
through many tense hours of four
council debates on Greece, stood
up, their hands clasped for all to
to see,
Stettinus Cheered
Edward R. Stettinus, Jr., of the
United States delegation, who
drafted the compromise formula
last night and who mediated the
dispute over several days in the
hope of a unity settlement, was
brought into the group by Bevin
and fSa three stood together as the
members of the General Assembly
j Both Vishinsky and Bevin as
I sured members of the council that
their main aim was for unity In
the interest of world peace and
stated individually their willing
ness to make concessions to that
I end.
Plan Rejected
Vishinsky put forward the Amer
ican-drawn formula after he had
flatly rejected a compromise ad
I vanced by Makin.
$1,199,500 ~Aliotted By
Committee To 22 N. C.
River Jobs
Wilmington Star
Washington, D. C., Bureau
WASHINGTON, D. C., Feb. 6.—
River and harbor projects in the
Mmington area received promise
ol financial aid when the House
Appropriations committee, in re
porting out the War department
Clv:l functions bill for the fiscal
Jear 1946-47, yesterday recom
mended allotments amounting to
4,199,500 for the maintenance of
22 su<* Projects in North Carolina.
The recommend grants are as
unape Fear r!ver- at and below
Ailmmgton, $185,000, maintenance;
tape Fear river above Wilming
'on, $19,000, maintenance, $20,000
operation and care; Northeast
'tape Fear river); $5,000; Lock
wood's Folly river, $5,000.
Examinations, surveys and con
ingencies: Wilmington, $15,000;
“orehead City harbor, $75,000.
(Continued on Page Two; Col. 6)
Weather Table
lair 7 and South Carolina — Thursday
’ becoming mild in afternoon.
[Eastern Standard Time)
Mat ' y C. S. Weather Bureau)
«bS°7 tngiCal data for 0“ 24 »*<>V*
e ' 30 p.m. yesterday,
... Temperatures
’•3« pamm'5499; 7:30 a'm- 57: 1:30 P'm- 885
NorS”4™ 70’ Miniraum «; Mean 58;
i... Humidity
,:3“ P.mm's94: 7;3° a,m‘ 981 1:30 P'm- 7S:
r. . . Precipitation
0.29 inches 24 hours endinE 7:30 p.m_
°5 Ute month—
iFrnm ... Tid'» For Today
U. s p "re Tide Tables published by
uoast and Geodetic Survey)
"’Umington .... nao^m. 8:7a.m.
^lasonboro Inlet 1?$ ££
Simr-u „ -p.m. 5:55 p.m.
Moonri^ ,7:04 a-m-: Sunset 5:48 p.m.;
Hivp^°c/0 37 am » Moor*set 11:47 p.m.
am w rsge at Fayetteville, N .C. at i
Wednesday, 10.6 feet.
| ,^on*i*iued on Page Two; Col. 4)
Pauley Critic
_ Former State Department
oil adviser Max Thornburg
(above), testifying before the
Senate Naval Affairs Com
mittee in Washington, accus
ed Edwin W. Pauley, nominee
for undersecretary of the
navy, of seeking transfer of
an American oil tanker to
Mexico in 1941 for which he
would receive a $6,000 com
mission that would go to the
Democratic campaign fund.
Pauley leaped to his feet and
shouted, “That is a deliberate,
premeditated lie.’’
(International Soundphoto)
Hearings On Naval Nomi
nee Postponed After
Bitter Fight
top-flight Democratic leader in
Congress hinted today that the ap
pointment of Edwin W. Pauley to
be undersecretary of the Navy
might be withdrawn to escape
But Democrats on the Senate
Naval committee split over wheth
er the nomination should be can
celled or fought through to a show
down against heavy Republican op
The party leader, who declined
use of his name, told a reporter
that confirmation might be impos
sible as a result of' testimony of
Secretary of the Interior Ickes
before the Naval committee. He
would not be surprised, he said,
should President Truman ask Pau
ley to come in and talk things
Further committee hearings on
(Continued on Tage Two; Col. 5) ,
CHERAW, S. C„ Feb. 6.—(A>)—
Fire ravaged Cheraw’s chief bus
iness block tonight, the flames ap
parently originating in the Ingram
hotel and spreading to other bus
iness buildings, with the loss ex
pected to run into several hundred
thousand dollars.
Firemen were still fighting the
flames in an effort to keep the
blaze from spreading to other
blocks shortly before 9 o’clock.
Included in the burned buildings
in addition to the hotel, were the
Western Union office, reported
“burned out,” a drug store, a dry
cleaning shop, a barber shop and
a cafe.
No one had been reported hurt.
Clouds of smoke enveloped the
block, hampering the work of the
firemen, who fought to control the
flames. Walls of buildings col
lapsed and lurid flares from the
blaze lit the sky.
(Continued on Page Two; Col. 4)
Advent Of Atomic Power
Needs ''Spiritual Reform ’
CHAPEL HILL, Feb. 6—Iff}—It
took mankind SCO years to adjust
itself to the invention of the com
pass and 150 years to become
adapted to the steam engine, but
the adjustment to the atomic bomb
must be much faster or civiliza
tion “will be destroyed,” President
Frank P. Graham of the Universi
ty of North Carolina, said in an
address today at a general convo
cation of faculty and students in
Memorial hall.
“A program of cooperation is im
perative in such an age in which
social mastery lags behind sci
entific knowledge and the social
conscience lags behind technolog
cial adjustments, has, with much
“Mankind, with its swift scien
tific inventions and his slow so
cial adjustments, has, wfh much
economic progress and much hu
man misery, muddled through to
this fateful hour.”
The atomic revolution, he as
serted, “demands an intellectual
and spiritual revolution. As the
home of the atomic bomb ....
America has a great moral re
sponsibility. America, for the
sake of her own sou), must take
the lead in putting the atomic
bomb under the ban and control
of world government.
“America must, with wise safe
guards, share the knowledge and
use of atomic power with all the
peoples, for full production and
fair distribution within the nations,
and for justice and peace among
the nations.”
NCSC Heads
East Coast
Outstanding Record 0 i
Local Facilities Cited In
SPA Report On Maritime
Commission Yards
Studied By Congress
(Special to the Star)
Because of the outstanding
record established by the
North Carolina Shipbuilding
company, it was learned on
good authority here today
that the Wilmington facility
will be allotted contracts to
build its share of any new
work which may be contem
plated by the U. S. Maritime
Prediction of a continuation
of activity at the Wilming
ton yard was based on the
forecast that the commission
will build more ships with the
figure of “at least 20” being
Report Studied
Meantime, the official report of
the Surplus Property administra
tion on the disposal of war-time
shipyards was being studied by
congressional leaders interested in
the American Merchant marine.
This report listed three Mari
time commission yards as recom
mended for retention on a perma
nent basis for shipbuilding, stor
age and repair work. These yards
are North Carolina, the only one
on the East coast so designated,
Bethlehem at Aiemeda, California,
and Kaiser, at Vancouver, Wash
(Continued on Page Two; Col. 7)
Commission To Widen
Wrightsville Beach High
way, Betts Says
Among the state highway de
partment’s program of road build
ing and improvement for the Wil
mington area is that of making im
provements to the Old Shell road
which leads from Bradley’s creek
to the Baby hospital at Wrightsville
sound. The disclosure was made
yesterday in an announcement by
T. T. Betts, district highway en
gineer who visited Wilmington yes
Replacement of several bridges
in this area will probably be on
the improvement program, Betts
said w'hile discussing the program
mapped by the commission as it
will affect this area.
Betts said he expected the
Brunswick river bridge, two miles
west of Wilmington on U. S. high
way 17, and the Jackies creek,
Bell swamp and Town creek
bridges, all on U. S. 17, would be
included in the March contracts.
The commission last week re
jected bids for replacement of the
Brunswick river bridge on the
grounds that the quoted prices
were too high.
Bids for replacement of the Al
(Continued on Page Two; Col. 1)
Plot Increased Air Facilities For Wilmington
Wilmington leaders met yes
terday afternoon at the Cham
ber of Commerce headquar
ters in the Woodrow Wilson hut
to discuss with John Morris,
special assistant to the presi
dent of the National Airlines,
plans for increasing facilities
for air service from Bluethen
thal field. Shown in the confer
ence above, reading clockwise,
are John H. Farrell, secretary
of the Chamber of Commerce;
Morris; County Commissioner
Harry Gardner; Chamber Pres
...'in i'..
ident C. M. Harrington; E. L.
White, member of the Citizens’
Aviation committee; and Ad
dison Hewlett, Sr., chairman
county Board of Commission
ers.—Star photo by Pete Knight
Old Status Seen If Congress
Passes Selective Serv
ice Measure
- •??- -
Wilmington Star
Washington, D. C., Bureau
WASHINGTON, D. C., Feb. 6—
When the Army’s reorganization
plan for peace-time operations is
appioved by the high command,
Camp Davis, North Carolina’s
famous war-time anti-aircraft
training center, the largest in the
nation, now being used as a sup
ply storage base by the Marine
corps, max. revert to its former
An officer In the Pentagon said
today that a strong possibility ex
ists of the camp’s becoming again
a training ground for anti-aircraft
personnel, if Congress adopts the
administration’s plan of perman
ent compulsory military training.
Should Congress fail to adopt
(Continued on Page Two; Col. 7)
George Millis and Dennis Forbes
have been charged with two sepa
rate warrants each stating they
are “suspected’’ of having broken
into, entered and stolen one single
barreled shotgun and one .22 caliber
rifle from the home of Mr. and
Mrs. Harvey Jones, Topsail resi
dents. The warrant also charges
them with having been connected
with stealing other personal prop
erty which with the gun and rifle
have a total value of $150.
The other two warrants charge
the men with willfully and feloni
ously assaulting the Joneses with
firearms and robbing them of $40.31
cash, Sheriff J. T. Brown, Burgaw,
said last night.
The four warrants are the first
of 26 collective papers which are
expected to be served on the two
(Continued on Page Two; Col. 6)
More Facilii
To Enlarge.
—The Army revealed today
that all but 120,000 of the presb
ent 700,000 soldier-fathers will
be discharged by July 1, but
that it cannot meet congres
sional recommendations for re
■leasing all of them by that date
unless assured sufficient re
Secretary of War Patterson
said the War department can
not consider releasing all draft
ed fathers unless the rate of
replacements exceeds present
expectations. The Army will
need 400,000 replacements be
fore July 1 to achieve the 1,500,
000-man Army planned for
Through sleeper service to Wash
ington, New York and immediate
points will be provided February
15 when Atlantic Coast Line rail
way adds two new sleepers on its
north-south trains, officials said
With one New York sleeper add
ed to a hitherto all coach train
leaving at 3:35 p.m., it will be pos
sible to obtain through service con
necting with the railroad’s Havana
Special in Rocky Mount with an
arrival time of 7:25 a.m. in New
York, it was stated.
On the night departure at 7:15
p.m., the addition of a Washing
ton sleeper and the present New
York- sleeper makes possible an
arrival time in Washington of 8:45
a.m. and New York of 1:30 p.m.
It was emphasized by officials that
space would be sold when neces
sary to all points on the New York
car short of that city when the
Washington car was sold out.
Along The Cape Fear
around here are generally right
neighborly and homey.
A reader called in to say he went
into a local grill night before last
real late and had ordered his ham
burger, or whatever it was. While
he was waiting for his order a
gentleman came in with a package.
The gentleman opened .up the
package and revealed some coun
try-made liver pudding, or liver
mush. He asked the lady behind
the counter if she’d mind warm
ing up a few chunks of it for him.
She wouldn’t mind.
Then the gentleman turned to
the reader and asked him if he
wouldn’t have a chunk, . He would.
They sat there eating liver mush
together and became right neigh
borly. The reader said he didn’t
get the gentleman's name, but
that he worked the night shift
at MacMillan and Cameron s
Ray Barwick, the State Drivers
license examiner, said he was ex
amining a colored applicant who
wanted to drive a car.
Barwick asked him the routine
question, “What three motor ve
hicles are permitted to use
The colored boy got along all
right with two. One, he said, was
the po-iice car and the other was
the ambulance. But he couldn’t
think of the third. Barwick kept
prodding him, but the boy couldn’t
Finally, Barwick said the third
one was a'fire truck.
‘‘Yassir,” said the boy. “But
I’se from Chinquapin. We doesn’t
have no fire truck there.”
examines quite a few would-be
drivers. He has a few trick ques
tions. One of them usually stumps
a lot of the applicants. It is:
If you’re driving down the road
at 70-miles-per-hour and a child
ran out into the road and the only
way you could keep from hitting
the child would be to turn your
automobile off the road and hit
a tree, which would you hit, the
child or the tree.?
(Continued on Page Two; Col. 1)
ies Needed
Plane Service
Official Tells Group NAL
Will Add Five More
Planes To Route
In an effort to bring Wilmington
within close range of Richmond,
Washington and New York, John
L. Morris, assistant to the presi
dent of the National Airlines, met
with city and county officials yes
terday afternoon in—the Chamber
of Commerce office, Woodrow Wil
son hut.
■ Morris, who stopped hfere enroute
to Philadelphia where he plans
to meet with Civil Aeronautics au
thority and to ask permission to
include Baltimore, Richmond and
Washington on NAL’s Route 31,
now operating as a Miami to New
York flight, with a Wilmington
stop, said the addition of those
cities would mean increased plane
service to the community.
Seek Better Service
During a round table discussion,
E. L. White raised the question,
“people here say they can’t get
service, isn’t it possible to get
some form of reservations?”
In answering this question, Mor
ris said, “That’s what we want
to do but circumstances at present
are against us, our hands are tied.
(Continued on Page Two; Col. 6)
Kiwanis Club members were in
formed at their noon luncheon
meeting at the Friendly yesterday
that the committee on Boys’
Brigade work has successfully
negotiated a 25-year lease on 10
acres of the Nicholson N. Nixon
estate at Porter’s Neck at the very
nominal figure of $1.00 per year
for use as a Boy’s Brigade camp
Wilbur R. Dosher, reporting for
the committee, said that under
terms of the lease, the club has the
option of an additional 25 years at
the same rental, provided the site
is continued as a Boy’s Brigade
summer camp.
Following announcement of the
(Continued on Page Two; Col. 4)
Two Killed In Illinois; Tug
boat Workers Defy

By The Associated Press
Two fatal shootings in an Illi
nois railroad strike fracas and a
call from the Office of Defense
Transportation for Army and
Navy authorities to man New
York harbor’s strikebound tugboats
marked the nation’s postwar la
bor picture yesterday.
Lawrence C. Turner, Federal
manager of the struck tugboat
facilities, sent out a request for
Army and Nayy help to restore
shipping after representatives of
3,500 striking AFL longshoremen
voted against returning to work
on government-seized boats.
The strikebound Toledo, Peoria
and Western railroad—one of the
first properties seized by the gov
(Continued on Page Two; Col. 8)
Members Before War Not
Returning To Old Jobs
In Unit
The New Hanoyer unit of the
State Highway patrol is in need of
more patrolmen, officials indicated
Sergeant J. R. Smith, who is in
charge of the local unit, said that
a number of men employed here
and at other points in the state be
fore they were drafted or volun
teered for service with the armed
forces are not coming back to their
old jobs.
“Some of the me nare finding
better jobs and some of them are
still in service, the sergeant ex
plained, “throughout the state, the
need for more patrolmen is in evi
Although there had been previous
indications by some officials that
the unit operating in New Hanover
is well staffed, Sergeant Smith’s
statement is borne out in the fact
that two former patrolmen who
have been discharged from the ser
(Continued on Page Two; Col. 2)
Today and Tomorrow
If Mr. Edwin W. Pauley wishes
to show that he is fit to hold high
office, the best way for him to be
gin will be to ask the President to
withdraw his nomination for Un
der Secretary of the Navy. That
would be a sign that he could learn
to understand the elementary prin
ciples in the ethical code of a
public servant. For having been
until recently a collector of cam
paign contributions as treasurer f
the Democratic party, being still
heavily interested p<. sonally in oil
properties at home id abroad, he
ought to know, and indeed the
President ought to know, that he is
disqualified for any high post in
the Navy Department.
For not only is the Navy greatly
concerned with our domestic oil
supplies; it is also concerned with,
and is bound to play an influential
role in shaping our policy about,
oil supplies in other parts of the
world. Where oil is involved the
high officials of the Navy Depart
ment should be above all suspicion,
political or personal, warranted or
unwarranted. Mr. Pauley would
always be suspect, and every ac
tion of the United States govern
ment in critical areas like the
Middle East and Indonesia, where
oil is so important, would be laid
open to suspicion.
Since he has no other experience
right quick, the tree.
Most of the applicants jot down
which makes nim indispensable in
the Navy Department, it is the
(Continued on Page Two; Col. 5)
U.S. Citizens
To Sacrifice
On Foodstuffs
- i
Most Rations To Be Affect
ed In President’s Effort ,
To Aid Stricken ~
Darker Bread To Appear
On American Tables Un
der New Wheat Plan*
Full text of President Tru
man’s message will be found
on Page 11.
(TP)—Darker bread, less tasty
pastries, and far less whiskey
and beer were decreed for
Americans today as President
Truman moved to share this
country’s short wheat supply
to avert what he called “mass
starvation” abroad.
Further, a reduction in the
nation’s high level of meat
and poultry production was
requested as an additional
means of making more wheat
available for bread for the
hungry in other lands.
Informal Rationing ''
The President, in a state
ment declaring the world
faces a serious food crisis,
called upon storekeepers and
other distributors to institute
informal rationing of foods
that may be scarce for the
months immediately ahead.
Although he did not list
foods expected to be short, he
undoubtedly referred to bread,
(Continued on Page Two; Col. 3)
MacArthur Refuses To Stay
Execution Of Jap
-- •■-■Hi
TOKYO, Thursday, Feb. 6.-JUP)—
General MacArthur today affirm*
ed death on the gallows for Jap
anese Lt. Gen. Tomoyuki Yam*
ashita—the man who sought futile
ly to block MacArthur’s triumph
ant return to the Philippines.
Date of the execution will be
fixed by Lt. Gen. Wilhelm D.
Styer, at Manda, commander of
Army forces in the Western Paci
MacArthur delivered a chill,
scathing denunciation with his
decision, asserting that Yamashita
“failed his duty to his troops, to
his country, to his enemy, and to
mankind; has failed utterly his
soldier’s faith.” He directed that
Yamashita be executed "stripped
of uniform, decorations and other '
appurtenances signifying member
ship in the military profession.’*
“Peculiarly callous and pur
poseless,” among Yamashita’s of
fenses, he said, was the sack of
Manila—when fleeing Japanese
burned' and plundered as Mae*
Arthur’s forces drew near. The
historic city had been spared
“with campaign conditions revers
ed,” he noted—when his own
troops withdrew early in the war
before the advancing hordes of
MacArthur asserted that ho
passed judgment upon an ad
versary “reluctantly,” but that ho
was unable to find mitgating cir
The recent extension of city ,
limits added a lot to Wilming- I
ton police beats, but not as ;
much as some people think, -j
Sgt. L. B. Rourk of the police
department said a man in
Warsaw called the department
and wanted the local force ts
come to his aid.
The fellow told Sergeant
Rourk that he had been in s
fight and his opponent pulled
a gun on him.
“Sorry,” wa». the sergeant’s
reply,” city limits have not
been extended that far.” May
be next year we can help you,
if you still want our police pro

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