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The Star-News can not be responsible for currency sent through the mails._ mFMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS AND ALSO SERVED BY ’THE UNITED PRESS -THURSDAY, FEBRUARY % 1946 TOP O’ THE MORNING Holiness is the most beautiful thing in the world because it is the most like God, the Creator of all beauty. Amos R. Wells. Another Paper Drive The time is short but fortunately waste paper accumulates rapidly. This is why it is confidently expected that when the Junior Chamber of Com merce and the Senior Fraternity make their next joint collection of this es sential material they will find large contributions. The date is March 3. Residents are urged to save all old newspapers, magazines and waste basket accumu lations, tie the first two items into convenient packages for handling, and place the last in bags or cartons. By so doing the teams that will man the trucks will make better speed and con sequently cover a larger territory than if the contributions were loose and un packaged. The same routine of former paper drives will be carried out. Contributors are urged to have their gifts at the curb, again in the interest of speed. George Arliss George Arliss died Tuesday night. At 77 he was unp.ble to throw oif a bronchial affection. What a galaxy of stars he moved among, during his sixty years in the theatrical firmament, himself at last outshining them all. Mrs. Patrick Campbell, Blanche Bates, Mrs. Fiske— names to conjure with — he helped them make dramatic history. And long after they had passed and their en thralled auditors had dwindled to a thin, indefinite line, he raised himself to even greater heights than they had climbed. He had his triumphs on the stage, in this country and in his native Eng land, but most persons who remember his career in two mediums probably would declare his success on the silver screen greater than on the legitimate stage. Certainly this country has not seen many such character portrayals as he enacted after he had turned to the movies. Arliss’ diction, was one of the out standing characteristics of his artistry, bringing him in 1931 a gold medal from the American Academy of Arts and Letters. Joined to this was an un canny instinct for what the stage calls “pace”. Arliss, born in the Bloomsbury sec tion of London April 10, 1868, took to the stage in 1887. Arliss began his screen career in 1920, alternating it with continued stage sucesses until “talkies” appear ed. Then he virtually gave up footlight work. He filmed his big stage hits and followed with portrayals of Voltaire, the first Baron Rothschild and an ar ray of similar characters based chiefly on history. He was married September 16, 1899, to Florence Montgomery, a pupil in a theatrical school in which he was teach ing. McMullan’s Able Plea Defending North Carolina’s claim to ;he submerged areas along the state s 1,000 miles of coastline and waterways jefore the Senate Judiciary Committee, Jarry McMullan, attorney general of Morth Carolina, traced the history of she claim to the original grant by Charles II in 1663 and added: “as one >f the original thirteen states which ’ormed the Union and created the Con stitution of the United State in 1789, his state has, during the entire exist mce of the Union up until the present ;ime, enjoyed and exercised complete sovereignty over and ownership of all >f the extensive lands covered by navi gable waters and tidal waters within ts boundaries, including the land on its ;oastline out to a distance of one ma rine league.” Having brought government action bo recover similar lands in California, with the consent and encouragement of Secretary of the Interior Ickes, while legislation was pending in Con gress to quiet title thereto, Mr. Mc Mullan, knowing that a decision fav oring the government would apply to all state claims, warned of the dangers to the relationship between the states and the federal government inherent in the litigation. “State and federal relations,” he said,” have always been predicated upon the principle that so far as ownership of lands underlying territorial waters is concerned, the states are sovereign.” The point he emphasizes is that in asmuch as the litigation was started long before legislation to quiet the states’ title was introduced, there is no sound reason the legislation should not be concluded and that the suit should not be permitted to prevent Congress from acting on the measure. “The adoption of joint resolutions pending in Congress,” he declared, “not only would avoid the necessity for any litigation as to the title and ownership of this vast area of land with all its multitudinous complications, but would afford Congress the opportunity for ex pression on the question of the policy involved in claiming ownership in this property which, through generations, has been recognized as State property. It is not a mere legal technicality which is involved but a great question of re lationship between the national and state governments.” Because North Carolina is one of the states most vitally interested, it would be a splendid thing for the state’s delegation in Congress to exert its lead ership in pressing for favorable and speedy action on resolutions, both be fore the Senate Judiciary Committee and when they reach the floor. Mr. Mc Mullan’s effort in the interest of state rights must not be wasted. Breeding Inflation President Truman’s order for seiz ure of tugboats in New York harbor is justified on the score that without their operation the metropolitan dis trict will be subjected to grave food shortages. But it is to be remember ed that the seizure is only an expedient and cannot settle the dispute back of the strike. Here, as in all major strikes in the country, the issue is more wages for workers who have been receiving more than they ever had before for several years. The steel strike, the General Motors strike, the telephone strike—every strike that is interrup ting industrial production_is for more pay. Tugboat crews want to get in on the easy money they believe the other strikers will get. The settlement of the strike in New York harbor, therefore, is dependent upon how much the strikers cqn col lect for their services and not on any fundamental economic question. Ob viously the end of the strike will come, as in the other cases here cited, with an advance in the rate of pay. When that comes, and when the other strikes are settled on the same general terms, the nation will be in for such a period of inflation as it has never faced before. Production, par ticularly of consumer goods, already so long delayed, cannot possibly catch up with public demand for a long time after all strikes are over and workers back on the job. Consequently with slim pickings in the stores and a dozen buy ers for every article, prices will go sky high. And after inflation comes depres sion. Labor has started something which will be as hard for it to pull out of as every classification in the popu lation. XXXXJf -- Fair Enough By WESTBROOK PEGLER (Copyright, 1946 By King Feature* Syndicate) Those soldiers and sailors who have been angry at the big brass whom they accuse of luxurious self-indulgence and other offenses against the ranks are mistaken if they think this sort of thing will not continue in civil life, under the new deal. The citv of New York always assumed that the mayor would find his own quarters and pay his own rent until the year 1942, in the era of the common man, when the office was occupied by Fiorello La Guardia. Then the Gracie Mansion, of 15 rooms on a plot or 13 acres on the East river, a site that no rich man would be allowed to monopolize for his personal comfort and pleasure m these days of congestion, became, by action of the Board of Estimate, the official residence of the mayor. Ii is a beautiful estate, luxuriously furnished, adorned by priceless antiques from the museums of the city and a library re quisitioned from the public library and is maintained by the department of parks. It could rent for at least $50,000 a year. This perquisite of a public office paying a salary of $25,000 was established in the reign of one who never tired of professing his great selfless devotion to the common man but was momentarily spumed by William O’Dwyer, when he succeeded the little dandelion. Mr. O’Dwyer was going to continue to live in his modest two-family house on the far side of the East river, but temptation grabbed him by the wrist, and with a quick, firm twiet, threw him violently. It was then announced that his little home was for sale, an altruistic sacrifice, no doubt, designed to relieve the housing problem by just that much. Waiting only until the Department of Parks could ef face the wear and tear left by his predecessor and re-decorate the mansion to his taste, May or O’Dwyer and his family moved in. A» a supplement to complaints of troops who have had to wait long in formations for reviews by inconsiderate generals, memory, and the record, recall an incident at Fort Des Moines, the original headquarters of the WAC’s, then known as the WAAC’s, when the young patriotic pioneers of this corps were turned out in bitter winter weather to be re viewed by a distinguished visitor. The distin guished visitor had no more right to review the corps, no more right to this honor, than your own Aunt Hattie and she arrived late on a government plane on which she had no right to fly. Growing impatient in the cold, the WAC’s presently began to chant, according to a contemporary account in the Des Moines Register, to the tune of “the Old Gray Mare:” “Here we stand, freezing and shivering, wait ing for Eleanor.” ii uicae j. eacnuiui suiuicig uuun. icgmicu tation vili end when they come home, let them listen to excerpts from a letter from Charles L. Sheehan and Joseph D’Ambrosio, Boston teamsters, who had made certain charges against officers of their local union. Sheehan is a Marine veteran of Iwo Jima. D’Ambrosio served in the Navy. Last Oct. 17, their letter says, they visited the union office to confer with P. Harry Jen nings, the trustees appointed by Dan Tobin, the international president, to run the local. Under such trusteeships, local autonomy is suspend ed, in some cases for years and the local members became wards of the international big brass. Jennings was out but Frank J. Halloran, the business agent, is quoted by the two vet erans as having said to them: “You ex-service men are a dime a dozen. You think you are going to run the country.” Sheehan and D’Am brosio state that Halloran is married to the grandaughter of John Gillespie, the secretary treasurer of the international, whose head quarters are in Indianapolis. Alleged to have socked Mr. Halloran the two veterans were arrested. In court on ap peal, they were acquitted of assault but, by way of a Christmas present from old Dan Tobin, the monarch of the union, who enjoys a winter palace on Miami Beach at the ex pense cf the good old common man, they were fined $250 each by the union, and sus pended fbr one year which means that they can’t work as teamsters during that time. The union trial was conducted by one man who owes his job to Tobin and the rest of the union’s big brass and Tobin made the final decision, having assumed jurisdiction un der the teamsters constitution which permits him to reverse the findings of the public courts, inflict fines and throw veterans out of work, permanently, if it comes to that. It was in Boston, two years ago, that local bosses of the teamsters undertook to pay off an enormous private debt of James M. Curley, another deserving Democrat and patron of the common man, so that he could start a new term in Congress even with the board. Since then C'urley has been elected mayor and since that election, as the climax of a long, stormy career, he has been convicted of 10 counts of fraud in alleged promise of war contract procurement. Old Dan Tobin, you may not know, was host to President Roosevelt when Roosevelt made that flippant, mocking opening speech of the 1944 campaign in Washington, follow ing which a bunch of drunken goons beat up a couple of young naval officers. Roosevelt also selected Tobin to visit England as a worthy representative of American labor ac cording to the totalitarian concept of the new deal as expressed in the Wagner Act and practically all union constitutions. So you rebellious veterans think you will be fre« of the impositions of the big brass and the kind of justice dealt by courts martial, composed entirely of brass, when you come marching home. Well as the fellow is said to have remarked to Sheehan, of the Marines, and D’Ambrosio of the Navy: “You-ex-service men are a dime a dozen.” You wait until you taste justice dealt by the union brass. Editorial Comment TOO MUCH TERRITORY President Truman s message of suggestions and near-orders to the Congress for much radical legislation has one note of sound policy, the move to stop deficit spending and to begin payment of the vast public debt. But the President in the other part? of his long message and budget recommendations takes in entirely too much territory. Efforts to create Utopia by legislation in this country and to do it overnight are unwise efforts. Something in the way of reform must be left to future generations Some lessons in this be half can only be learned by experience! 1 Greenwood Index Journal. • Weather Man Can’t Figure Long Range Predictions To Make Farming Easier By JOHN SIKES The weather is a proposition that interests me mightily. There is a slight tendency to cringe in my attitude when I make such a statement. It sounds so much like the editorial opinions of an editor I know. He was some what less than fearless. He never decided where he stood on a ques tion until he’d first surveyed the opinions of the crowd and to see where it stood. He then sided with the crowd which could do him the least upset. Then he fearlessly type wrote his pontifications. A friend once said of this edi tor: “Bill is such a rugged chap. I like that fearless stand of his when he comes out in favor of daisies.” But that really hasn't anything to do with the weather. There was an article in the Star yester day morning on Paul Hess, the weatherman here. In the article the fact was set forth that the reg ular weather prophets cannot ac curately forecast the weather for more than 48 hours in advance. This disturbed me somewhat, for many years I’ve been turning to the almanacs to see, in January, for instance, what I could expect in the way of weather on the next 28th of June. Not that I planned to do anything on the next future that far and think about what the weather would be on that day. Then, in talking with Mr. Hess the other day, I wondered why the weather departments didn’t get together and figure out a system of prognostication whereby they could assure the farmers that it would be all right to plant lettuce on such and such a date and har vest it on such and such a date. That would greatly simplify the highly precarious business of farm ing. Once the entomologists fig ured out a way to get rid of all the bugs there’d be little gamble the farmers would have to take to be assured of pretty successful crops. That is, of course, if they knew what the weather was going to be like. But, unfortunately, they can not know, with any degree of cer tainty, what the weather will be like more than 48 hours in ad vance. Day after tomorrow may be a beautiful day, just the thing for dragging out the old mold board plow and breaking up the land. This the weather bureaus can come pretty close to telling you. But it’s that day after the day after tomorrow they’re du bious about. There might come a freeze or a flood on that day and the weather bureaus wouldn't have known any too much about it. There is If " wonder, of course, that the farmer puts such great store by the almanac. After all, his livelihood depends so much on the weather he’s willing to grasp any straw in his efforts to Religion Day By Day By WILLIAM T. ELLIS LIKE UNTO US At the mouth of the Clyde are small islands called the Cumbraes. An old story has it that the minis ter there used to pray every Sab bath, “O Lord grant Thy grace to the Greater and the Lesser Cum braes; and O Lord, in Thy great mercy, remember also the neigh boring islands of Great Britain and Ireland.” We smile at such provincialism —and then go on practicing the same. For who of us is not think ing and praying, if at all, in terms of our own little unit of life, giving scant thought to crisis • invested Europe and China and India and the East Indies and Ethiopia and Egypt and Russia and Palestine? Conscience reminds us that we are little Cumbraeans, scarcely heeding the Kingdom call to ‘lift up your eyes.” Save us, our Father, from the soul - starvation of smallness and self-engrossment. May we be lovers of Thy Kingdom in all its aspects and largeness. Amen. McKenney On BRIDGE *KQ85 ¥ A73 ♦ AJ832 *A * 1043 R 1*7 ¥ J 6 2 uj e ¥ Q 10 9 5 * Q 7 « * K 10 9 5 * 10 9 8 5 3 _ ®, 4 Dealer! *k b a *AJ962 ¥ K 8 4 ♦ 6 ♦ Q J 7 4 Duplicate—Neither vul. South West North East 1 * Pass 3 * Pass 3 * Pass 6 * Pass Opening—* 10. 7 By WILLIAM E. McKENNEY America’s Card Authority There is a tendency on the part of many players to open certain distributional types of hands, even though they do not have the required honor strength. When South opened the bidding on to day’s hand with one spade, he certainly did not expect to play it at six; careful play allowed him to make it. South felt the opening lead of the ten of clubs marked East with the king. If West opened a five card' club suit, the queen of clubs could be established for the twelth trick. In other words, in counting his tricks, he figured on the ace of clubs, ruffing two clubs, the ace of diamonds and a diamond ruff, the ace-king of hearts, four spade tricks, and the queen of clubs if it would become estab lished. After winning the first trick with the ace of clubs in dummy, de clarer came over to his hand with the king of hearts and led a small club, ruffing in dummy. He cashed the ace of diamonds and ruffed a diamond, and when the third club was led and ruffgd in dummy, East’s king fell. Now declarer cashed dummy’s king of spades, led the queen and overtook with the ace. The jack of spades pick ed up West’s ten-spot, and the queen of clubs and nine of spades produced the needed twelve tricks. regulate his plowing*, plantings, and so on. And Mr. Hess says that, strange ly enough, the alfnanacs are not more than 50 per cent off in their predictions. “This percentage, of course,” Mr. Hess said, “follows along closely with the law of averages. Most anybody can sit down and Eigure the weather out and be right half the time if he knows anything at all about what the weather does in the various sea sons. Naturally, anybody knows it’s going to be warm in the South in the middle of July. They’d also know it'd probably be windy in March and' cold in January and rainy in April. That’s about as Ear as you can go in picking the weather a year in advance.” The law of averages angle is in teresting. And true. You know there is that professor up at Duke jniversity—Dr. Rhyne, I believe —who’s made those extra-sensory tests, I believe they’re called. Dr. Rhyne’ll bet you he can fill a bag with green marbles and red mar bles, blind-fold you, and let you pick out a hundred marbles and that you’ll come pretty close to picking out 50 red ones and 50 giccu uuca. ixu men. io it, pai iicularly. It’s just the law of av erages. That, in substance, is how the almanac people pick out the weather for you a year in advance. Too, they use a lot of cautious terms in their predictions. For instance, they’ll say that next Oct. 14 will be “moderate.” That's a pretty safe term. Then they’ll say that next April 20 will be “unset tled.” “We stick pretty closely to gen eral terms, too, at times,” Mr. Hess tells you. “All our data may show a pressure front that ab solutely indicates rain for tomor row. Yet, in order not to be too positive about the matter we might say in our forecast “probable showers tomorrow.” Weather, incidentally, always is a “must” story in all the news papers. Here on the Star, for ex ample, we get more telephone calls about the weather than all other calls combined. These calls have become so routine that ofttimes we just Pick op the receiver when the bell rings and say, without any introduction, “34.” That means the temperature will be 34 tonight. Most times that’s all we have to say. But the other night some sub scriber called in and one of the reporters said “28.” This didn’t satisfy the subscriber. What she wanted to know was the exact number of years Methuselah had lived. STAR Dust No Homework Winston Churchill says that he will not criticize his country’s Labor government during his visit over here. Nobody should ever do any home work while on vacation. —The New Yorker. * * • Housing Shortage The housing shortage in Wash ington is evidently as bad as it was during the war. Many of the President’s “must” bills are still sleeping in congressional commit tee rooms.—The New Yorker. The Doctor Says_ 1 SPECIAL DIET I FOR PREGNANCY I BY WILLIAM A. G BRIrx, x I Expectant mothers n,J I of good food, as their ba^,Per■:, R tains his food at bc r 1 ^ E The daily diet of the mot& I should consist of * generou. ! R ing of meat.inciudii • -.Is lfrt' I a week, a quart 0f D, 0c:« I milk, one ounce 0f I fresh vegetable, ore greeki 1 vegetable, one cooked veL'? I generous amounts of citrus I or their equivalent, one 11 whole grain cereal c>- Sr; I bread. Extra vitamins in I to those, in their food sCvm31 taken only on the adviCe ^ I physician. 1 “H ■ An expectant mother store., , I to tide over both herself and 3i ■ baby for a possible rainy dj.."v.i the emergency does net dev'ei JI the extra stores are elirn|n .5;l after the baby is born. Water ■ age is a good example 0f as. L f°d deal of «>• wSI gained during pregnancy is Rapid weight loss followine t' birth of the baby is largely loss. Expectant mothers also J' nitrogen, and probably iron um, some vitamins, and Mrs; other food essentials. The average pregnant w0ir„ needs about 2500 calories t h Those who do heavy- work net more food, but those who take easy, and those who are weight should eat less. Sugar a-a fat Increase weight, while eatir! less sugar and fat reduces weigh' A groat many women allow thenv selves to become too fat du™ pregnancy. Although there should be some gain in weight from rat-, ral causes, after the baby Is bor, I the mother should weigh approx’, mately the same as she did bj. fore she became pregnant. Expectant mothers were % merly advised to eat less meat during pregnancy to reduce ti protein In their diet. Actually,I they need more protein. This :i| best supplied by meat, .milk, til eggs. Physicians no longer belie-,.J that meat harms the kidneys. both normal an d complicate pregnancies, expectant mothe should eat liberal quantities protein every day. Should you take calcium to r? tect your teeth? Most physician 1 advise their patients to see theii 1 dentists and have all cavities j filled. Women formerly lost ted after childbirth because they did | not go to the dentist during preg nancy. Unless you have teeth :» excellent condition, stayig away from the dentist for nearly a year h will allow advanced decay to do 6| velop. One quart, of pasteurized - j milk every day supplies most cl the calcium needed by the aver- - age expectant mother. The Literary Guidepost By W. G. ROGERS MRS. PALMER'S HONEY, by Fannie Cook (Doubleday; $2.50.) Pretty Honey Hoop, who used it be Mrs. Palmer's servant, da taken a wartime factory job in “Ville,” the Negro section of til city in which this novel is laid. She’s fond of a man named Snake, but when he lives up to his name, and after she discover! that his attractive brother EmerJ is married and so beyond react, she turns trustingly to Ben. Her own brother Lamb, ari Snake, Emery and other Nett: u and whites are organizing a 1 J union, and also canvassing for fourth term. But as the b 1 opens, all Negroes are stalled r* hind the traditional barrier.' whites such as the Rusks. W Pres'and Smiths oppose the.', some restaurants are closed ■ them; the better schools art* for their children; they car. -• or rent houses in the hea-■■■■■■ neighborhoods; they use f1E;"" elevators in tho hotels. You’ll be surprised how &■■■■ of these barriers are : by the close of the book. B<^ velt has won again; the un established; black and v. together through the ho - the walls around V> ^ breached; Smiths and H I'-r • ^ DuPrees of the second are learning to accept t. fellows as equals. This is in reality a romatt* Peoples of different col ■ = j love each other, Mrs. Honey becomes C'lO ? h ^ there is a happy endir.;.^ quently, it makes enjovub.e/^ ing. Fannie Cook wri we she is most ingenious up all her problem's loose e The novel won Ooui frst George Washington award intended to g]'^e , about the American -W' , wider circulation. The ®u;rt* c; white, is a member • ( Louis Mayor’s Co mi > ' # Race Relations and an NAACP. Whites will p-obably * the story. Some Negr es tr.-v ^ however, whether the !C'arj! has ended now that *nt'. ;JJ( over, whether they can . the Honeymoon will go j 0 er the author hasn’t r,o ^ the bright, or whitt. things. They will perhaps ^ that Chester Himes hn '• ••;! the heart of the probit m He Hollers Let Him Go.