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The Wilmington morning star. [volume] (Wilmington, N.C.) 1909-1990, February 07, 1946, Image 4

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FOUR___
Wtlmtttgtmt
fronting
Bv The Wilmington Star-News
R. B. Page, Publisher _
-f elenhnne All Departments 2-3311
ivt^TIs Second Class Matter at Winning
5 » c- F-trfe.* r01 .
of March 3, 1879
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mFMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS
AND ALSO SERVED BY ’THE UNITED PRESS
-THURSDAY, FEBRUARY % 1946
TOP O’ THE MORNING
Holiness is the most beautiful thing in the
world because it is the most like God, the
Creator of all beauty.
Amos R. Wells.
Another Paper Drive
The time is short but fortunately
waste paper accumulates rapidly. This
is why it is confidently expected that
when the Junior Chamber of Com
merce and the Senior Fraternity make
their next joint collection of this es
sential material they will find large
contributions.
The date is March 3. Residents
are urged to save all old newspapers,
magazines and waste basket accumu
lations, tie the first two items into
convenient packages for handling, and
place the last in bags or cartons. By
so doing the teams that will man the
trucks will make better speed and con
sequently cover a larger territory than
if the contributions were loose and un
packaged.
The same routine of former paper
drives will be carried out. Contributors
are urged to have their gifts at the
curb, again in the interest of speed.
George Arliss
George Arliss died Tuesday night.
At 77 he was unp.ble to throw oif a
bronchial affection.
What a galaxy of stars he moved
among, during his sixty years in the
theatrical firmament, himself at last
outshining them all. Mrs. Patrick
Campbell, Blanche Bates, Mrs. Fiske—
names to conjure with — he helped
them make dramatic history. And long
after they had passed and their en
thralled auditors had dwindled to a
thin, indefinite line, he raised himself
to even greater heights than they had
climbed.
He had his triumphs on the stage,
in this country and in his native Eng
land, but most persons who remember
his career in two mediums probably
would declare his success on the silver
screen greater than on the legitimate
stage. Certainly this country has not
seen many such character portrayals
as he enacted after he had turned to
the movies.
Arliss’ diction, was one of the out
standing characteristics of his artistry,
bringing him in 1931 a gold medal
from the American Academy of Arts
and Letters. Joined to this was an un
canny instinct for what the stage calls
“pace”.
Arliss, born in the Bloomsbury sec
tion of London April 10, 1868, took to
the stage in 1887.
Arliss began his screen career in
1920, alternating it with continued
stage sucesses until “talkies” appear
ed. Then he virtually gave up footlight
work. He filmed his big stage hits and
followed with portrayals of Voltaire,
the first Baron Rothschild and an ar
ray of similar characters based chiefly
on history.
He was married September 16, 1899,
to Florence Montgomery, a pupil in a
theatrical school in which he was teach
ing.
McMullan’s Able Plea
Defending North Carolina’s claim to
;he submerged areas along the state s
1,000 miles of coastline and waterways
jefore the Senate Judiciary Committee,
Jarry McMullan, attorney general of
Morth Carolina, traced the history of
she claim to the original grant by
Charles II in 1663 and added: “as one
>f the original thirteen states which
’ormed the Union and created the Con
stitution of the United State in 1789,
his state has, during the entire exist
mce of the Union up until the present
;ime, enjoyed and exercised complete
sovereignty over and ownership of all
>f the extensive lands covered by navi
gable waters and tidal waters within
ts boundaries, including the land on its
;oastline out to a distance of one ma
rine league.”
Having brought government action
bo recover similar lands in California,
with the consent and encouragement
of Secretary of the Interior Ickes,
while legislation was pending in Con
gress to quiet title thereto, Mr. Mc
Mullan, knowing that a decision fav
oring the government would apply to
all state claims, warned of the dangers
to the relationship between the states
and the federal government inherent
in the litigation. “State and federal
relations,” he said,” have always been
predicated upon the principle that so
far as ownership of lands underlying
territorial waters is concerned, the
states are sovereign.”
The point he emphasizes is that in
asmuch as the litigation was started
long before legislation to quiet the
states’ title was introduced, there is
no sound reason the legislation should
not be concluded and that the suit
should not be permitted to prevent
Congress from acting on the measure.
“The adoption of joint resolutions
pending in Congress,” he declared, “not
only would avoid the necessity for any
litigation as to the title and ownership
of this vast area of land with all its
multitudinous complications, but would
afford Congress the opportunity for ex
pression on the question of the policy
involved in claiming ownership in this
property which, through generations,
has been recognized as State property.
It is not a mere legal technicality which
is involved but a great question of re
lationship between the national and
state governments.”
Because North Carolina is one of
the states most vitally interested, it
would be a splendid thing for the state’s
delegation in Congress to exert its lead
ership in pressing for favorable and
speedy action on resolutions, both be
fore the Senate Judiciary Committee
and when they reach the floor. Mr. Mc
Mullan’s effort in the interest of state
rights must not be wasted.
Breeding Inflation
President Truman’s order for seiz
ure of tugboats in New York harbor
is justified on the score that without
their operation the metropolitan dis
trict will be subjected to grave food
shortages. But it is to be remember
ed that the seizure is only an expedient
and cannot settle the dispute back of
the strike. Here, as in all major strikes
in the country, the issue is more wages
for workers who have been receiving
more than they ever had before for
several years. The steel strike, the
General Motors strike, the telephone
strike—every strike that is interrup
ting industrial production_is for more
pay. Tugboat crews want to get in on
the easy money they believe the other
strikers will get.
The settlement of the strike in New
York harbor, therefore, is dependent
upon how much the strikers cqn col
lect for their services and not on any
fundamental economic question. Ob
viously the end of the strike will come,
as in the other cases here cited, with an
advance in the rate of pay.
When that comes, and when the
other strikes are settled on the same
general terms, the nation will be in
for such a period of inflation as it has
never faced before. Production, par
ticularly of consumer goods, already
so long delayed, cannot possibly catch
up with public demand for a long time
after all strikes are over and workers
back on the job. Consequently with slim
pickings in the stores and a dozen buy
ers for every article, prices will go sky
high.
And after inflation comes depres
sion. Labor has started something
which will be as hard for it to pull out
of as every classification in the popu
lation.
XXXXJf --
Fair Enough
By WESTBROOK PEGLER
(Copyright, 1946 By King Feature* Syndicate)
Those soldiers and sailors who have been
angry at the big brass whom they accuse of
luxurious self-indulgence and other offenses
against the ranks are mistaken if they think
this sort of thing will not continue in civil
life, under the new deal.
The citv of New York always assumed that
the mayor would find his own quarters and
pay his own rent until the year 1942, in the
era of the common man, when the office was
occupied by Fiorello La Guardia. Then the
Gracie Mansion, of 15 rooms on a plot or 13
acres on the East river, a site that no rich
man would be allowed to monopolize for his
personal comfort and pleasure m these days
of congestion, became, by action of the Board
of Estimate, the official residence of the
mayor. Ii is a beautiful estate, luxuriously
furnished, adorned by priceless antiques from
the museums of the city and a library re
quisitioned from the public library and is
maintained by the department of parks. It
could rent for at least $50,000 a year.
This perquisite of a public office paying a
salary of $25,000 was established in the reign
of one who never tired of professing his great
selfless devotion to the common man but was
momentarily spumed by William O’Dwyer,
when he succeeded the little dandelion. Mr.
O’Dwyer was going to continue to live in his
modest two-family house on the far side of
the East river, but temptation grabbed him
by the wrist, and with a quick, firm twiet,
threw him violently. It was then announced
that his little home was for sale, an altruistic
sacrifice, no doubt, designed to relieve the
housing problem by just that much. Waiting
only until the Department of Parks could ef
face the wear and tear left by his predecessor
and re-decorate the mansion to his taste, May
or O’Dwyer and his family moved in.
A» a supplement to complaints of troops
who have had to wait long in formations for
reviews by inconsiderate generals, memory,
and the record, recall an incident at Fort
Des Moines, the original headquarters of the
WAC’s, then known as the WAAC’s, when the
young patriotic pioneers of this corps were
turned out in bitter winter weather to be re
viewed by a distinguished visitor. The distin
guished visitor had no more right to review
the corps, no more right to this honor, than
your own Aunt Hattie and she arrived late on
a government plane on which she had no right
to fly. Growing impatient in the cold, the
WAC’s presently began to chant, according to
a contemporary account in the Des Moines
Register, to the tune of “the Old Gray Mare:”
“Here we stand, freezing and shivering, wait
ing for Eleanor.”
ii uicae j. eacnuiui suiuicig uuun. icgmicu
tation vili end when they come home, let
them listen to excerpts from a letter from
Charles L. Sheehan and Joseph D’Ambrosio,
Boston teamsters, who had made certain
charges against officers of their local union.
Sheehan is a Marine veteran of Iwo Jima.
D’Ambrosio served in the Navy.
Last Oct. 17, their letter says, they visited
the union office to confer with P. Harry Jen
nings, the trustees appointed by Dan Tobin, the
international president, to run the local. Under
such trusteeships, local autonomy is suspend
ed, in some cases for years and the local
members became wards of the international
big brass.
Jennings was out but Frank J. Halloran,
the business agent, is quoted by the two vet
erans as having said to them: “You ex-service
men are a dime a dozen. You think you are
going to run the country.” Sheehan and D’Am
brosio state that Halloran is married to the
grandaughter of John Gillespie, the secretary
treasurer of the international, whose head
quarters are in Indianapolis.
Alleged to have socked Mr. Halloran the
two veterans were arrested. In court on ap
peal, they were acquitted of assault but, by
way of a Christmas present from old Dan
Tobin, the monarch of the union, who enjoys
a winter palace on Miami Beach at the ex
pense cf the good old common man, they
were fined $250 each by the union, and sus
pended fbr one year which means that they
can’t work as teamsters during that time.
The union trial was conducted by one man
who owes his job to Tobin and the rest of the
union’s big brass and Tobin made the final
decision, having assumed jurisdiction un
der the teamsters constitution which permits
him to reverse the findings of the public
courts, inflict fines and throw veterans out of
work, permanently, if it comes to that.
It was in Boston, two years ago, that local
bosses of the teamsters undertook to pay off
an enormous private debt of James M. Curley,
another deserving Democrat and patron of the
common man, so that he could start a new
term in Congress even with the board. Since
then C'urley has been elected mayor and since
that election, as the climax of a long, stormy
career, he has been convicted of 10 counts
of fraud in alleged promise of war contract
procurement.
Old Dan Tobin, you may not know, was
host to President Roosevelt when Roosevelt
made that flippant, mocking opening speech
of the 1944 campaign in Washington, follow
ing which a bunch of drunken goons beat up
a couple of young naval officers. Roosevelt
also selected Tobin to visit England as a
worthy representative of American labor ac
cording to the totalitarian concept of the new
deal as expressed in the Wagner Act and
practically all union constitutions.
So you rebellious veterans think you will be
fre« of the impositions of the big brass and
the kind of justice dealt by courts martial,
composed entirely of brass, when you come
marching home.
Well as the fellow is said to have remarked
to Sheehan, of the Marines, and D’Ambrosio
of the Navy: “You-ex-service men are a dime
a dozen.”
You wait until you taste justice dealt by the
union brass.
Editorial Comment
TOO MUCH TERRITORY
President Truman s message of suggestions
and near-orders to the Congress for much
radical legislation has one note of sound
policy, the move to stop deficit spending and
to begin payment of the vast public debt.
But the President in the other part? of his
long message and budget recommendations
takes in entirely too much territory.
Efforts to create Utopia by legislation in
this country and to do it overnight are unwise
efforts.
Something in the way of reform must be left
to future generations Some lessons in this be
half can only be learned by experience!
1 Greenwood Index Journal. •
Weather Man Can’t Figure Long Range
Predictions To Make Farming Easier
By JOHN SIKES
The weather is a proposition that
interests me mightily.
There is a slight tendency to
cringe in my attitude when I make
such a statement. It sounds so
much like the editorial opinions of
an editor I know. He was some
what less than fearless. He never
decided where he stood on a ques
tion until he’d first surveyed the
opinions of the crowd and to see
where it stood. He then sided with
the crowd which could do him the
least upset. Then he fearlessly type
wrote his pontifications.
A friend once said of this edi
tor: “Bill is such a rugged chap.
I like that fearless stand of his
when he comes out in favor of
daisies.”
But that really hasn't anything
to do with the weather. There
was an article in the Star yester
day morning on Paul Hess, the
weatherman here. In the article
the fact was set forth that the reg
ular weather prophets cannot ac
curately forecast the weather for
more than 48 hours in advance.
This disturbed me somewhat,
for many years I’ve been turning
to the almanacs to see, in January,
for instance, what I could expect
in the way of weather on the next
28th of June. Not that I planned
to do anything on the next
future that far and think about
what the weather would be on
that day.
Then, in talking with Mr. Hess
the other day, I wondered why the
weather departments didn’t get
together and figure out a system
of prognostication whereby they
could assure the farmers that it
would be all right to plant lettuce
on such and such a date and har
vest it on such and such a date.
That would greatly simplify the
highly precarious business of farm
ing. Once the entomologists fig
ured out a way to get rid of all
the bugs there’d be little gamble
the farmers would have to take to
be assured of pretty successful
crops.
That is, of course, if they knew
what the weather was going to be
like. But, unfortunately, they can
not know, with any degree of cer
tainty, what the weather will be
like more than 48 hours in ad
vance. Day after tomorrow may
be a beautiful day, just the thing
for dragging out the old mold
board plow and breaking up the
land. This the weather bureaus
can come pretty close to telling
you. But it’s that day after the
day after tomorrow they’re du
bious about. There might come a
freeze or a flood on that day and
the weather bureaus wouldn't have
known any too much about it.
There is If " wonder, of course,
that the farmer puts such great
store by the almanac. After all,
his livelihood depends so much
on the weather he’s willing to
grasp any straw in his efforts to
Religion
Day By Day
By WILLIAM T. ELLIS
LIKE UNTO US
At the mouth of the Clyde are
small islands called the Cumbraes.
An old story has it that the minis
ter there used to pray every Sab
bath, “O Lord grant Thy grace to
the Greater and the Lesser Cum
braes; and O Lord, in Thy great
mercy, remember also the neigh
boring islands of Great Britain and
Ireland.”
We smile at such provincialism
—and then go on practicing the
same. For who of us is not think
ing and praying, if at all, in terms
of our own little unit of life, giving
scant thought to crisis • invested
Europe and China and India and
the East Indies and Ethiopia and
Egypt and Russia and Palestine?
Conscience reminds us that we
are little Cumbraeans, scarcely
heeding the Kingdom call to ‘lift
up your eyes.”
Save us, our Father, from the
soul - starvation of smallness and
self-engrossment. May we be lovers
of Thy Kingdom in all its aspects
and largeness. Amen.
McKenney On
BRIDGE
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Duplicate—Neither vul.
South West North East
1 * Pass 3 * Pass
3 * Pass 6 * Pass
Opening—* 10. 7
By WILLIAM E. McKENNEY
America’s Card Authority
There is a tendency on the part
of many players to open certain
distributional types of hands,
even though they do not have the
required honor strength. When
South opened the bidding on to
day’s hand with one spade, he
certainly did not expect to play
it at six; careful play allowed him
to make it.
South felt the opening lead of
the ten of clubs marked East with
the king. If West opened a five
card' club suit, the queen of clubs
could be established for the twelth
trick. In other words, in counting
his tricks, he figured on the ace
of clubs, ruffing two clubs, the
ace of diamonds and a diamond
ruff, the ace-king of hearts, four
spade tricks, and the queen of
clubs if it would become estab
lished.
After winning the first trick with
the ace of clubs in dummy, de
clarer came over to his hand with
the king of hearts and led a small
club, ruffing in dummy. He cashed
the ace of diamonds and ruffed a
diamond, and when the third club
was led and ruffgd in dummy,
East’s king fell. Now declarer
cashed dummy’s king of spades,
led the queen and overtook with
the ace. The jack of spades pick
ed up West’s ten-spot, and the
queen of clubs and nine of spades
produced the needed twelve tricks.
regulate his plowing*, plantings,
and so on.
And Mr. Hess says that, strange
ly enough, the alfnanacs are not
more than 50 per cent off in their
predictions.
“This percentage, of course,”
Mr. Hess said, “follows along
closely with the law of averages.
Most anybody can sit down and
Eigure the weather out and be
right half the time if he knows
anything at all about what the
weather does in the various sea
sons. Naturally, anybody knows
it’s going to be warm in the South
in the middle of July. They’d also
know it'd probably be windy in
March and' cold in January and
rainy in April. That’s about as
Ear as you can go in picking the
weather a year in advance.”
The law of averages angle is in
teresting. And true. You know
there is that professor up at Duke
jniversity—Dr. Rhyne, I believe
—who’s made those extra-sensory
tests, I believe they’re called. Dr.
Rhyne’ll bet you he can fill a bag
with green marbles and red mar
bles, blind-fold you, and let you
pick out a hundred marbles and
that you’ll come pretty close to
picking out 50 red ones and 50
giccu uuca. ixu men. io it, pai
iicularly. It’s just the law of av
erages.
That, in substance, is how the
almanac people pick out the
weather for you a year in advance.
Too, they use a lot of cautious
terms in their predictions. For
instance, they’ll say that next Oct.
14 will be “moderate.” That's a
pretty safe term. Then they’ll say
that next April 20 will be “unset
tled.”
“We stick pretty closely to gen
eral terms, too, at times,” Mr.
Hess tells you. “All our data may
show a pressure front that ab
solutely indicates rain for tomor
row. Yet, in order not to be too
positive about the matter we might
say in our forecast “probable
showers tomorrow.”
Weather, incidentally, always is
a “must” story in all the news
papers. Here on the Star, for ex
ample, we get more telephone calls
about the weather than all other
calls combined.
These calls have become so
routine that ofttimes we just Pick
op the receiver when the bell rings
and say, without any introduction,
“34.” That means the temperature
will be 34 tonight. Most times
that’s all we have to say.
But the other night some sub
scriber called in and one of the
reporters said “28.” This didn’t
satisfy the subscriber. What she
wanted to know was the exact
number of years Methuselah had
lived.
STAR Dust
No Homework
Winston Churchill says that he
will not criticize his country’s
Labor government during his visit
over here. Nobody should ever do
any home work while on vacation.
—The New Yorker.
* * •
Housing Shortage
The housing shortage in Wash
ington is evidently as bad as it was
during the war. Many of the
President’s “must” bills are still
sleeping in congressional commit
tee rooms.—The New Yorker.
The Doctor Says_ 1
SPECIAL DIET I
FOR PREGNANCY I
BY WILLIAM A. G BRIrx, x I
Expectant mothers n,J I
of good food, as their ba^,Per■:, R
tains his food at bc r 1 ^ E
The daily diet of the mot& I
should consist of * generou. ! R
ing of meat.inciudii • -.Is lfrt' I
a week, a quart 0f D, 0c:« I
milk, one ounce 0f I
fresh vegetable, ore greeki 1
vegetable, one cooked veL'? I
generous amounts of citrus I
or their equivalent, one 11
whole grain cereal c>- Sr; I
bread. Extra vitamins in I
to those, in their food sCvm31
taken only on the adviCe ^ I
physician. 1 “H ■
An expectant mother store., , I
to tide over both herself and 3i ■
baby for a possible rainy dj.."v.i
the emergency does net dev'ei JI
the extra stores are elirn|n .5;l
after the baby is born. Water ■
age is a good example 0f
as. L f°d deal of «>• wSI
gained during pregnancy is
Rapid weight loss followine t'
birth of the baby is largely
loss. Expectant mothers also J'
nitrogen, and probably iron
um, some vitamins, and Mrs;
other food essentials.
The average pregnant w0ir„
needs about 2500 calories t h
Those who do heavy- work net
more food, but those who take
easy, and those who are
weight should eat less. Sugar a-a
fat Increase weight, while eatir!
less sugar and fat reduces weigh'
A groat many women allow thenv
selves to become too fat du™
pregnancy. Although there should
be some gain in weight from rat-,
ral causes, after the baby Is bor, I
the mother should weigh approx’,
mately the same as she did bj.
fore she became pregnant.
Expectant mothers were %
merly advised to eat less meat
during pregnancy to reduce ti
protein In their diet. Actually,I
they need more protein. This :i|
best supplied by meat, .milk, til
eggs. Physicians no longer belie-,.J
that meat harms the kidneys.
both normal an d complicate
pregnancies, expectant mothe
should eat liberal quantities
protein every day.
Should you take calcium to r?
tect your teeth? Most physician 1
advise their patients to see theii 1
dentists and have all cavities j
filled. Women formerly lost ted
after childbirth because they did |
not go to the dentist during preg
nancy. Unless you have teeth :»
excellent condition, stayig away
from the dentist for nearly a year h
will allow advanced decay to do 6|
velop. One quart, of pasteurized - j
milk every day supplies most cl
the calcium needed by the aver- -
age expectant mother.
The Literary
Guidepost
By W. G. ROGERS
MRS. PALMER'S HONEY,
by Fannie Cook (Doubleday;
$2.50.)
Pretty Honey Hoop, who used it
be Mrs. Palmer's servant, da
taken a wartime factory job in
“Ville,” the Negro section of til
city in which this novel is laid.
She’s fond of a man named
Snake, but when he lives up to
his name, and after she discover!
that his attractive brother EmerJ
is married and so beyond react,
she turns trustingly to Ben.
Her own brother Lamb, ari
Snake, Emery and other Nett: u
and whites are organizing a 1 J
union, and also canvassing for
fourth term. But as the b 1
opens, all Negroes are stalled r*
hind the traditional barrier.'
whites such as the Rusks. W
Pres'and Smiths oppose the.',
some restaurants are closed ■
them; the better schools art*
for their children; they car. -•
or rent houses in the hea-■■■■■■
neighborhoods; they use f1E;""
elevators in tho hotels.
You’ll be surprised how &■■■■
of these barriers are :
by the close of the book. B<^
velt has won again; the un
established; black and v.
together through the ho -
the walls around V> ^
breached; Smiths and H I'-r • ^
DuPrees of the second
are learning to accept t.
fellows as equals.
This is in reality a romatt*
Peoples of different col ■ = j
love each other, Mrs.
Honey becomes C'lO ? h ^
there is a happy endir.;.^
quently, it makes enjovub.e/^
ing. Fannie Cook wri we
she is most ingenious
up all her problem's loose e
The novel won Ooui
frst George Washington
award intended to g]'^e ,
about the American -W' ,
wider circulation. The ®u;rt* c;
white, is a member • (
Louis Mayor’s Co mi > ' #
Race Relations and an
NAACP.
Whites will p-obably *
the story. Some Negr es tr.-v ^
however, whether the !C'arj!
has ended now that *nt'. ;JJ(
over, whether they can .
the Honeymoon will go j 0
er the author hasn’t r,o ^
the bright, or whitt.
things. They will perhaps ^
that Chester Himes hn '• ••;!
the heart of the probit m
He Hollers Let Him Go.

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