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The Wilmington morning star. [volume] (Wilmington, N.C.) 1909-1990, March 05, 1946, Image 1

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__J » . - ^ V | ^ ^ mW ^ With Complete Coverage of
—' _ State and National Newi
-^Ww—NO. 96. -----:--- _1__
jOt-7--_ _WILMINGTON, N. C„ TUESDAY, MARCH 5, 1946 ESTABLISHED 1861
Phone strike
Threat Still
Hanging Fire
Government Cone iliators
Make Last Minute Effort
To Get Settlement
WILL CONFER TODAY
Wilmington Phone Workers
To Ballot On Walkout
Wednesday Night
NEW YORK, March 4.—(A5)—An
other last-minute effort to head off
jl nation-wide telephone tieup was
made late Monday when Edgar L.
Warren, director of the U. S. Con
ciliation Service, summoned lead
ers of the Federation of Long
Lines Telephone Workers, and the
American Telephone and Telegraph
company to a conference in Wash
ington at 10 a.m. tomorrow.
The company and union receiv
ed telephone messages from War
ten requesting the conference.
rai icj * ftua
The summons followed by a few
hours assertions by union leaders
that the walkout, set for 8 a.m.
Thursday, would begin as sched
uled, after another meeting over
wages ended early today without
agreement.
Lu Washington, Warren said the
conferences here would be a re
aumption of the Mew York ne
gotiations but said various methods
of averting the strike would be
discussed if an agreement could
not otherwise be reached,
b These methods, he said, undoubt
\ edly would include fact finding ahd
arbitration.
Long Lines First
Warren said, if a settlement
f could be eifected by the Long Lines
Federation, he believed there would
be “a very good chance of getting
! the other situations cleared up.”
' If no agreement is reached and
the parties do not accept fact find
ing or arbitration, Warren said,
I the government then would decide
its next move.
Beirne Not Going
■Joseph A. Beirne, president of
the National Federation of Tele
phone Workers, is not expected to
See PHONE on Page Two
BOUSE COALITION
DEFEATS SUBSIDY
Southern Democrats Join
In Killing “Heart” Of
Truman Housing Bill
WASHINGTON, March 4. —IJFi—
A House coalition of Republicans
and some Democrats today defeat
ed a subsidy proposal which Presi
dent Truman called “the heart”
of his housing program.
Appeals by the President him
self, the Democratic National chair,
roan, Robert E. Hannagan, and the
economic high command failed to
hold enough Democrats in line.
On Teller Vote
fhe plan, which would have auth
orized $600,000,000 of subsidy pay
ro®s to encourage greater pro
“clion of building materials, was
defeated on a teller vote of 161 to
82' No record is made on such a
vo!e. As the membership marched
Past the tellers to be counted, at
east 40 southern Democrats were
noted in opposition, and not a
*!n6le Republican was observed
voting for the su'bsity.
The House then quit until tomor
ro"’ without voting on final pas
fage of what was left of the hous
Move Beaten
Administration leaders, seeing
Meat of the subsidy plan clearly
!' 1 reater>ed in advance, had sought
7 a<Jj°urnment before the vote on
7 Provision was taken. But their
"djournment move was defeated
tn a non-record vote of 137 to 91.
Before the voting commenced,
r-Truman called his congression
See COALITION On Page Two
The Weather
FORECAST
| (Eastern Standard Time)
k l - s. Weather Bureau)
eiditiEv0,?,81031 data for the 24 hourl
8 I 30 p.m. yesterday.
i.«. Temperatures
1:30 pj',m,7' 7:30 a-n>. 50; 1:80 P.m. 78
Rorff77' 76’ Minimum «; Mean 63
i,. Humidity
7:30 p.TV54' 7:30 a-m-71: 1:30 P-m- 24
Total , Precipitation
inches 24 hours erdin2 7:30 p.m.
-___7nche-:CC the 7irs4 the month
(From ,■ T‘des Por Today
S. Coa,t tlI<i,’ride Tables published by U
A ' and Geodetic Purvey)
TViltr.in— High Low
Ron-11:15 a.m. 5:54 a.,t
5lasont,„ „ 11:29 p.m. 6:10 p.n
»nWo Inlet .. 8:56 Vi.m. 2:44 a.n
Sunrise » 9:14 p.m. 3:10 p.n
lloonri-!f o70 am-: Sunset 6:11 p.m
River c.Q,J am-: Moonset 8:29 p.m
a.m. Mn7Re at Fayetteville, N. C. at
teet, naay- 9.5 feet; and Sunday, 9.
rKANCO ouster urged
Three Nations Ask People
For “Caretaker” R -f^e
United States, Britain, France ^ A^ands
In Effort To Rid Spanish //^Of
Dictator; Documents ? «$olic
- aN^
WASHINGTON, Mar. 4—(JP)—The
United States, Britain and France
today asked the Spanish people to
oust Generalissimo Franco by
peaceful means, abolish his Falange
party, and set up a “caretaker”
government pledged to hold free
elections.
The declaration stopped short of
an immediate diplomatic break
with the Spanish regime but said
the nation faces an international
cold shoulder until it gets rid of the
dictator.
Documents Aired
At the same time, the U. S.—
which proposed the three-power
statement on Spain—made public
15 documents captured in Europe,
citing chapter and verse of
Franco’s ties with Hitler and Mus
solini, and his fervent hopes that
the Axis would win the war. *■
o*
In gene* <^*e documents re
vealed that j-^inco proposed to:
1. Seize Gibraltar, cut off the
vital Mediterranean’s western
mouth from the Allies, insure the
control of West-North Africa, and
ship vital war minerals to Germany
and Italy exclusively, if
Guaranteed Supplies
2. Hitler and Mussolini guaran
teed Franco quantities of war sup
plies, armaments, planes, subma
rines, fuel, food and manpower.
With these conditions met, a con
fident Franco told the Axis lead
ers in 1940 that he would place
Spain “in the struggle against the
common enemies (the Allies).”
Unconvinced
The proposal, the document
showed, came to nothing when
See FRANCO out, Page Two
City Council Approves
Ordinances Codification
---—— i _
MARCH 4 HOTTEST
IN FIVE DECADES
--- ]
North Carolina Enjoys Pre
mature Spring Day With 1
Temperatures Way Up
By The Associated Press
North Carolinians, according to
the record, yesterday experienced ■
their hottest March 4 in almost 50
years.
Premature spring temperatures
ranging up to 79 degrees were re
ported in various portions of the
state, and continued warm weather
was in prospect today, according
to the weatherman’s forecast.
Charlotte Warm
Charlotte reported a maxlmiun
reading of 78 degrees, which fne
weather bureau said was the high
est temperature ever recorded on
a March 4. The previous record for
the day was 76 in 1899.
Raleigh and Durham, among oth
er localities, reported temperature
of 79 degrees.
The late winner “heat wave’’ was
not confined . to North Carolina,
however.
Virginia, Ton
Richmond, Va., for example, re
ported an 80-degree reading—the
highest March 4 temperature re
corded since the weather bureau
established in that city in 1843.
And*, to the South, Columbia,
S. C., reported a 78-degree maxi
mum, with a spring-like minimum
of 53.
$750,000 HOUSING
PROJECT APPROVED
City Council Gives Go
Ahead Signal For Prin
cess Place Units
Hugh McRae and company’s pro
sal to build 50 houses, costing about
$7,500 each, in Princess Place was
approved by the City council in
special session yesterday after
noon.
In a heated argument between
Hugh Morton, company president,
and certain councilmen, the issue
of street-paving in the develop
ment was finally ironed out.
Restriction Lifted
The council withdrew its restric
tion on 30-foot paved streets com
plete with curbs and sidewalks and
told Morton to go ahead with his
plans to construct 20-foot paved
streets without curbs and sidewalks
adding that these improvements
could be made in the future by
assement on the property owners.
The Princess Place development
will be under the supervision of
City Engineer J. A. Loughlin. 1
A complete codification of the
prdinances of the city of Wilming
on, to be bound in permanent
>ook form, was given the unanim
>us approval of the city council in
ipecial session yesterday after
loon.
The work will be done by the
Vlichie Law Publishing company,
Charlottesville, Va., under the su
pervision of Charles W. Sublett,
!ditor-in-chief of the company.
First Since 1922
Sublett was introduced to the
pouncilmen by City Attorney W.
3. Campbell, who said, “Wilming
n hasn’t had a decent codifica
;ion of its ordinances since 1922.
Ne need one badly, and now is the
;ime to go ahead and get one.”
The councilmen agreed 100 per
pent with the proposal.
Classified
The codification will not only In
plude all ordinances but also clas
sify them for easy reference. A
*roup of experts, under Sublett,
will chech them against state laws
ind supreme court rulings, write
hem up in uniform style, and edit
See CITY COUNCIL on Page Two
HIGHWAY DEATHS
HIT BY STEV S
Jurist Calls For Closer
Observance Of Traffic
Rules
JACKSONVILLE, March 4.—
Charging the Onslow County grand
jury here Monday, Judge Henry L.
Stevens, cf Warsaw, declared that
the public must recognize that, it
is their duty to obey traffic rules
and prevent wholesale death and
destruction on the highways.
Judge Stevens opened a week's
term of both civil and criminal
court.
Deaths Dp
Judge Stevens quoted figures
showing that many more persons
lied in the United States during the
war from traffic accidents than
//ere killed in action on the battle
fronts.
He quoted other figures to show
the appalling toll of traffic acci
dents in dead and injured. “Seven
persons were killed in my home
county of Duplin alone during •Jan
uary,” the Judge pointed out.
Jurors
G. K. Eubanks was selected to
serve as r.ew foreman of the grand
jury. He succeeds J. LeRoy Hen
derson, retiring juryman, as fore
man.
New members of the grand jury
are James L. AlcCulloch, W. H.
Bodehamer, A. P. Petteway, C. L.
Erinson, E. H. Littleton, J. B. Huff
man, J. M. Jenkins, L. L. Lanier
and H. H. Cole.
Holdover members of th.e jury
are Clarence Jones, Eubanks, Mar
vin Brown, E. L. Henderson, Wil
bur Justice, P. M. Mattocks, T. N.
Cook, J. C. Brown and J. V. Gur
ganus.
Mummers Playing Today;
Lent WillBegin Tomorrow
By DON TDLLSEN
Mummer;, is the word. Today is
Mardi Gras, Fat Tuesday, Shrove
Tuesday, Pancake Tuesday, or, if
you gargle, Fastendienstag-.
.The Frc-Lenten festival season
- closes tonight in a rout of mas
queraders, splendiferous floats,
blizzard 3 of confetti and final pulls
from the champagne bottle.
New Orleans is the long standing
focal point of this farewell to frolic.
From the time of its foundation as
a French colonial town, residents
have observed the day with festi
l val, balls, and. pageantry.
In 1327 the procession of maskers
was introduced, drawing revelers
from private celebrations and giv
ing the fete a civic aspect. Ten
years later allegorical floats made
their appearence, suggested by the
floats devised for the Mobile Mar
di Gras by an organization called
the Cowbellions.
Birth at Mobile
It wasn't until 1857, however, that
the Mardi Gras gained the form
familiar to contemporary car
mvaliers. In that year a number
of former Mobile citizens activat
ed a group called the “Mystic
See MUMMERS on Page Two
UNIONISTS QUAUFIEDLY ACCEPT
Commission
Says Russia
Had Network
Espionage Reached Into
U. S., South American
Nations Also
ORDERS ARE CITED
Report Declares Informa
tion Sought On Atom
Bomb, Radar, Troops
OTTAWA, March 4.—(U.R)—Soviet
Russia operated a spy network
from its embassy here that reached
into the United States and South
America to spy on the atomic
bomb, troop movements, radar de
velopments, and highly secret ex
plosives, a Royal Commission ap
pointed to investigate its activities,
reported Monday.
Its report, made public by Prime
Minister W. L. MacKenzie King,
said specifically that the ring had
been operated under “direct in
structions” from Moscow.
Names Zabotin
It named Col. Nicolai Zabotin,
former military attache here, as
head of the “network,” gave the
names of four members of his staff
who were "his active assistants” ia
espionage, and added that others
of the staff also were involved.
Three minor but confidential em
ployes of the Canadian government
and one of the office of the Com
missioner of Great Britain, have
See SPY RING on Page Two
SHELDON PLEASES
LARGE AUDIENCE
Pianist Renders Balanced
Program Under Music
Club Sponsorship
Ralph Sheldon, pianist, present
ed by the Thursday Morning Music
Club in a recital last night at the
Great Hall of St. James church,
balanced the classicist against the
romanticist in the first half of his
program, playing Bach’s Partita
in C minor, No. 2, and Schumann’s
Carnival, Opus 9. Better examples
of the two schools cotild not have
been chosen.
Bach stuck religiously to the
classic rules. Schumann violated
all of them, and not content with
that, made his own, a*id did a good
job while he was at it.
No Quarrel
The honest critic has yet to be
found to quarrel with Bach Every
body in his day quarreled with
Schumann for his unortbodoxy. It
was like what James Russell
Lo well said of himself in his Fable
for Critics:'
“There’s Lowell who’se trying
Parnassus to climb
With a whole batch (?) of isms
tied up in rhyme.”
But unlike Lowell, Schumann
made his musical isms stick, and
created a new school, which
promises to hold its own as long
as sound principles of composition
exist.
Personal Preference
Between the two, as performed
last night, any decision as to
which is best must be a matter of
See SHELDON on Page Two
COUNTY TO NAME
HELD AUTHORIITY
Selection Of Personnel Will
Be Made At Joint Meet
ing On Wednesday
Wilmington’s reach toward air
supremacy in North Carolina
stretched closer to the goal yester
day when the New Hanover County
Board of Commissioners unani
mously agreed to select an airport
authority for Bluethenthal airfield
in special afternoon session tomor
row with members of the Chamber
of Commerce aviation committee.
The airport commission, when
created, will have full authority to
develop and manage the $11,000,000
airfield and make it into North
Carolina’s finest and busiest air
port.
Based On Report
The decision to create the air
port commission came as' the up
shot to reports of the “fact-find
ing” committee, which recently
toured airfields throughout the
state.
Yesterday’s meeting, so crowded
with Chamber of Commerce avia
tion committeemen and air-minded
citizens urging the county board to
create the airport commission, was
neld in the upstairs Superior court
room, the first time a county
See COUNTY on Page Two
_KEY FIGURES, SCENES IN NEWS TODAY_
Fulton, a small Missouri town, will be the scene today of an international engagement, when
former Prime Minister Winston Churchill, inset, of Great Britain and President Harry S. Truman,
left top, arrive to spend a goodly number of hours. Inspiring the trip is the one and only formal public
address to be made by the veteran war-time British prime minister during his winter vacationing
in the United States. Fulton’s main street, lower right, will be gay with flags and bunting in honor of
the distinguished visitors. Churchill will speak at the revival of the John Findley Foundation cere
monies iii the gymnasium of Westminster colie ge, upper right and will take as his subject
Sinews of Peace.” Official host to the intfernatio ual party will be Dr. Frank (Bullet) McCluer, low
er left, Westminster president.
GRADUATION BARRED
TO GIRLS WHO WONT
APPEAR IN SHORTS
BLUE MOUttD, 111., March 4
(A*)—Dollie True, 18, may not
graduate from high school this
June because she will not wear
shorts in physical education
class, and a 16-year-old sopho
more sister, Teresa, faces a
like predicament, their father
declares.
Albert True, a painter and
paper hangar, said: “We ob
ject to our daughters entering
the program because they are
required to wear shorts.”
See GRADUATION on Page Two
HINKLE APPEALS
FOR 1,500 JOBS
j
USES Manager Cites Im
mediate Need Of Work
For Veterans, Others
An earnest appeal was issued
yesterday for more than 1,500 jobs
to be furnished veteran’s and non
veterans of Wilmington and the
vicinity.
Harold M. Hinkle, manager of
the United States Employment
Service here, said that a recent
nation-wide appeal and canvas for
more than 6,000,000 jobs for vet
erans and former war workers,
and other job applicants, has met
See HINKLE on Page Two
I —
PRESIDENT DONS
ENGINEER MITTS
Mr. Truman Takes Throttle
Of Train En Route To
Missouri
ABOAD SPECIAL PRESIDENT
IAL TRAIN, March 4—(U.P.)—Presi
dent Truman donned engineer’s cap
and gloves today and for five min
utes handled the controls of this
diesel-powered train carrying him
and former British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill to Missouri.
Later, he bashfully denied thal
he “really” ran the big locomotive,
saying he just wanted to see wha1
made the wheels turn.
See PRESIDENT on Page Two
LT. BOST NAMED
PORT DIRECTOR
Erwin Man Succeeds Lt. J,
L. Engel, Jr., After Serv
ing As Assistant
Lt. H. C. Bost, USNR, has suc
ceeded Lt. J. L. Engel, Jr., USNR,
as Wilmington Port Director, ef
fective March 1.
Lt. Bost, who came here as as
sistant port director on November
8, 1945, has served in both the
Army and Navy. He entered the
Army in 1940 and served with the
See LT. BOST On Page Two
Latest Offer
Covers Two
‘Questions’
Leaders Demand Workers"
Be Permitted To Choose
Between Alternatives
DIRECT PROPOSAL
Corporation To Take New
Plan Under Considera
tion, Anderson States
DETROIT, March 4. —(JP)—T. j
CIO Auto Workers Monday quali
fiedly accepted General Motors
proposal of a secret ballot on the
question of ending the 104-day-old
strike.
The union proposed to General
Motors that the strikers in their
vote be permitted to choose be
tween two alternates as follows:
1— Do you favor returning to
work and ending the current dis
pute on the basis of the corpora
tion’s 18 1-2 cent wage increase of
fer and its latest proposals on
basic contract njatters, or
2— ‘‘Do you favor returning to
work on the basis of the corpora
tions’ 18 1-2 cent wage increase
offer and its latest proposals on
basic contract matters with the
understanding that all issues still
in dispute shall be submitted to
arbitration by an arbitrator ap
pointed by the President of the
United States?”
See AUTO UNION on Page Two
BOARD WILL URGE
35-FOOT CHANNEL
County Commissioners Au
thorize Wire To Senator
Bailey On Question
The New Hanover Board oi
County Commissioners yesterday
authorized a telegram to Sena
tor Josiah Bailey, urging continu
ations of his efforts to have Con
gree approve the deepening of the
Cape Fear channel to 35 feet.
Congress has already approved
deepening the channel to 32 feet,
but no appropriations have as yet
been made for it.
On the suggestion of R. B. Page,
States Port authority chairman,
the commissioners voted to in
clude in the ^telegram a plea for
the appropriations for the 32-foot
channel as well as for the approv.
al of the extension to 35 feet. '
TOBACCO FACTORIES
TURN OUT 66 FAGS
PER CAPITA IN ’45
RALEIGH,' March 4.—(/P)— The
manufacture of cigarettes during
1945 reached an all-time high with
335 billion being produced — an
average of 66 each day in the year
for every man, woman, and child
in the United States, according to
W. P. Hedrick, tobacco specialist
with the N. C, Department of Agri
culture.
Of this total, about 275 Billion
were smoked in the United States
and 60 billion were shipped to men
in the service overseas, Hedrick
said.
JThe high level of production of
cigarettes was maintained despite
the sharp cut in military purchases
after the end of the war and the
drop in industrial employment due
to reconversion and strikes.
And So To Bed..
_i
Patrolman Jack Hall of the
local police gives us this year’s
best, so far, incidence of coin
cidence.
Yesterday morning at 8:M
o’clock a local citizen, driving
his car north on Front street,
had an accident at Grace street.
One side of the car was stove
in.
Yesterday morning at 10:85
o’clock the same local citizen,
driving the same car south on
Front street, had another acet
dpnt at Grace street.
The other side of the car was
stove in.
"Look, mister,"said Jack.
"The next time you drive down
Front stveet, go sideways."
Along The Cape Fear
DARK SHADOW—If we remem
ber correctly, it was young Ben
Franklin who, back in the days of
hoopskirts and powdered wigs,
bought a whistle for a penny. He
was mighty proud of his purchase,
but he blew it so loud and so long
—like a politician on a tin horn—
that his daddy took it away from
him. Whereupon young Ben in
vented an epigram— “A fool and
his whistle are soon parted.” Or
something like that.
Anyway, what we are trying to
say is that Ben put whistles under
the dark shadow of notoriety.
And that ain’t fair.
* * •
WHAT BEN DIDN’T KNOW—
Ben, you see, didn’t know about
the whistle at the Atlantic Coast
Line machine shop in Wilmington.
If ever a whistle deserved fame
—not notoriety—the Old ACL
Whistle does, or did. (We don’t
know which tense to ucse because
we don’t know whether the whistle
is still there or not).
Legend says this whistle, made
some 65 years ago or so, blew
seven times per day six days per
week.
Folks, that is some whistling.
That is more whistling than “Wjjist
ler’s mother” ever got.
• * v
CAMPAIGN—We are starting,
right now, a campaign to bring
whistles back to their rightful and
respectable place in the American
scene. That means we’ve got to
undo all the mischief which Ben
Franklin began.
And we can’t think of a better
place to start the campaign than
with the Old ACL Whistle.
See THE CAPE FEAR On Page 2
Today and Tomorrow
by WALTER LIPPMANN
A SOUR NOTE ON ELOQUENCE
Secretary Byrnes has now said—
or rather he has said once again—
all the things that Senator Vanden
berg wants to have said. I hope I
am entirely wrong in feeling that
the Senator might have given some
indication, however faint, that he
i? going to work for, and’ not mere
ly be eloquent about, our moral
leadership, and a positive foreign
policy, and no vacillation.
If he is going to work for these
things, he will no doubt at once
exert his own leadership in his
own party, insisting upon prompt,
positive and unvaeillating meas
ures, even if at first they are not
too popular, to send food to the
peoples threatened with starvation
to furnish financial and other as
sistance for rehabilitation, and to
provide the United States with a
post - war military establishment
adequate to its responsibilities.
For what Senator Vandenberg
wants done cannot be done by
making speeches in the Senate or
in the Security Council. Positive
leadership requires positive meas
ures, and for positive measures it
is necessary to pay the price. The
See LIPPMAN on Page Two

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