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North Carolina Poultry
May Face Rough Disease During the past few years a rela ,Df new poultry disease, called “ ^encephalitis at that time, PneUreCOgnized in California. More "aS tiv this so-called disease was Recover'd to be the Newcastle dis. d‘-c ^:ch was seen in the Dutch *aS! indies and in England in 1926. ta disease is common in By orient and Europe and is grad ually spreading in the United StRecentlv it has been discovered several northeastern states and Lhlv exists as far south as P.iunri No definite diagnosis of been made in North Caro v hut quite probably due to the rlmendous transportation of poul. “em’-d the fact that North Caro “y a" an importing state,, the dis . will soon make its appearance ease y>ux ' '' caused By Virus According to H. C Gauger, Re rrh Associate Professor of Pcul s* with the N. C. Agricultural Ex iriment Station, the disease is PLed by a virus and affects both oa g and old chickens. Turkey’s, vrk! °eese, guinea fowls, par ll and wild birds are also sus “ tibie In chicks losses are a„v heavy, but in adults the “ rtality is usually very slight but tore js a sudden drop in egg pro. riucticn and birds do not generally rnme back Into production for at lea4 two months. When they do come into production, eggs are frequently of abnormal shape and Lnv are without hard shells. In some parts of the world the agent causing the disease affects birds differently and according to some reports, fosses in adult reach 100 Symptoms Symptoms of the disease will vary depending on several factors such' as age of the chickens, method by which they become in fected, amount of the infecting d,Se and the severity of the dis ease in the infected birds. In gen. era!, Gauger says these character istic symptoms are noted: dullness, general weakness, rough features, droopy tail, a rising temperature, loose greenish to yellow droppings, distention of the crop with foul food and gas, mucous discharge from the nostrils, and a collection of mucous in the mouth. In the more long-drawn out cases a variety of nervous symptoms may be present. Leg and wing weakness which progresses to de finite paralysis is quite common. The head may be drawn back or down under the breast. An S shaped distortion or double twist in the neck, walking in circles, and twisting the head have also been Acute Infection Internal examination of dead birds shows a variety of abnor malities which will vary depend ing on whether the bird has died of acute infection or whether it has lived long enough to reach a subac ture stage of the disease. Common finding are mucous in the mouth and hemorrhage in the lining mem branes of the digestion tract, es pecially the lining of the glandular stomach and between the gizzard muscles and the inside horny lining of the gizzard. No curative measures are known for Newcastle disease. However, it is possible that vaccination of susceptible birds in an infected area may prove valuable as a con trol measure. At' present, poultry disease specialists in those states where the disease is known to exist are planning to vaccinate a limited number of birds so that they can test it under field conditions. Be On Watch In the meantime, poultrymen in North Carolina should be on the watch for this disease and report suspected outbreaks to the Veteri nary Division of the North Carolina Department of Agriculture or to the Poultry Department, North Carolina State College. The producer should remember that there are many common dis eases in poultry which show symp. vmntomPeCla1^ the ^spiratory symptoms, similar to those of New ennile However. the pres, ence of Newcastle disease should be suspected when infected birds C°mbmation °f difficultly in breathing and one or more of the mentioned aSbo°venerV°US symPtoms | 4-H COURSE DATE SET BY COUNCIL Annual School To Be Held Once More At State Col lege On August 12-17 COLLEGE STATION, Raleigh, March 10—3y agreement of the officers of the North Carolina 4-H Club council the annual 4-H short course will be held at State col lege this year for the first time since 1941, it was announced Sun day by L. R. Harrill, state 4-H leader. The week-long event has been set for August 12-17. Twelve hundred farm boys and girls from every section of the state attended the 1941 gathering. umcers Council officers, who arranged for the August meeting in a ses sion at State college, are: Chester Barbour, Jr., of Smithfield, presi dent; Marie Carriker of Route 2, Monroe, secretary; Bryan Coats, of Smithfield, vice president, and Elizabeth Harper, of Deep Run, historian. New state 4-H officers will be elected at the short course meet. Meanwhile, at the height of Na tional 4-H Club week which will continue through March 10, an ex ecutive committee of - the 18,000 member North Carolina 4-H Neigh borhood Leaders organization met at the college to make plans for an expansion of farm youth work in the state this year following an appeal by President Truman for continued high production of farm produce. Patrol Leaders The executive committee of the o r g a n i zation—which operates among 4-H clubs in the same man ner as patrol leaders among Boy Scouts—is composed of R. Tv Grif fin, of Route 3, Rocky Mount, president; Mrs. Cleon Boyette, of Kenly, secretary; Mrs. James Ownley, of Route 2, Elizabeth City, vice president, and Mrs. M. V. Williams, of Wingate, historian. Formal coalition of the state or ganization was made late in 1945. POULTRYMAN ISSUES WARNING THAT EGGS ARE TO BE SCARCE COLLEGE STATION, Raleigh, March 10—Forecasting a scarcity in poultry and eggs “like we have never seen before” within the next three months, C. F. Parrish, poul tryman of the State College Ex tension Service, Sunday, said that supplies of feed for farm animals have “increased during the past 10 days” and encouraged poultry men to start "usual” numbers of pullet chicks. Parrish said that unless the poul try program in North Carolina is sharply revised upward very soon, a critical shortage of both poultry and eggs continuing through the fall and winter of this year is like ly. The state’s normal winter chick crop has been cut by 25 per cent this year and already several of the largest hatcheries, including the Hedgar hatchery in Wilkesboro, have closed their doors because poultrymen, fearing that feed sup plies would be insufficient for rais ing even pullet chicks, have re duced flocks beyond desired lev els. FOUR PERISH IN FIRE ROCHESTER, Minn., March 10 _(IP)_Four children whose ages ranged from a year to l2, perished in a fire which destroyed their farm home near Rochester, Satur day night. Three other children, all from the same family, escaped. Smoking Rocks Form Island ^ .•’vt,w/va~—-—j«" • - — • ...." imw, Pushed upward from the bottom of the ocean through boiling water, huge smoking rocks have formed a new island about 200 miles off the main Japanese island of Honshu. Discovered on Feb. 14 by a British warship, the island has reached a height of 75 to 80 feet and is about 100 to 200 yards in size. Carolina Farm Comment ByF.H. JETER William Woolen Eagles of Crisp is not only a distinguished citizen of Edgecombe County, but he also is a distinguished citizen of North Carolina. His elevation to the presi dency of the North Carolina Farm Bureau Federation at its 10th an nual convention in Winston-Salem was in fitting recognition of his in. terest in cooperative farm effort, of his success as a practical farm, er, and of his wider interest in the business and financial affairs of the rural people about him. “Cap” Eagles, as he is more affectionate ly known by those who have been intimately associated with him, is a natural leader. Not that he de mands, or pushes, or shouts, but througn quiet, natural ability and sincere interest, he stimulates the best in those with whom he is as sociated. I have known “Cap” for many years. I have visited him in his borne and on his farm where I lave seen the fine cooperative at titude which has been developed between him and the 17 or more white tenants and seven Negro ten. ants who have worked there for so many years. Mr Eagles began farming back in 1908 on the same family-owned plantation, In the Crisp neighborhood, which had aeen farmed fcy his father and larlier kinsmen. He attended the ’irst farmers meeting out of which grew the North Carolina Farm Bureau Federation. He has not missed a meeting of his Farm Bureau since, unless he was out o Vio cfnfo Signed Note Mr. Eagles also was one of the signers of the first note for $10,000 which set up the North Carolina Cooperative Cotton Growers As sociation. He served as vice-presi lent of that organization for many fears and more lately has been president of the North Carolina Cooperative Farm Exchange. His belief in the value of these two organizations to the farmers of the state has led him to support both of them until they have be come able to stand on their own merits. His interest in the welfare of his tenants is well known. His landlord-tenant program in which be has developed a spirit of co operation and achievement is a model for other large plantation owners. It was my good fortune to attend one of his annual meet ings a few years ago when he re warded those tenants who had done unusually good jobs in that season. They were first served an old fashioned barbecue and were then given cash prizes for improved farm and home practices. These prizes were awarded on | the basis of a score card worked out by Brooks James, farm management specialist. , On Pull Time This landlord-tenant idea is to be pushed throughout eastern North Carolina, incidentally, as trained persons can be found to carry it along. In Edgecombe County, H. C. Scott and Miss Ath lae Boone, the assistant farm and home agents, have been designated to give their full time to this work. On the Eagies farm, there are tenants who have been on the place for 45 to 50 years. Most of them, of course, do not have the young labor that they had in other lays, but, the older ones still carry jn and are doing good farming to he best of their abilit . Much of his is due, of course, to the heart. ;ning and sympathetic altitude of ;he owner. .A3 a matter* of fact, Mr. Eagles got his nickname of ‘Cap” from the tenants on the Diace. Supports Market It is interesting to note that 'Cap” supports the Edgecombe bounty Livestock Association, a ;oing concern formed years ago by hose who wanted to market their * ’at hogs, beef cattle, lambs, wool, 1 rnd other livestock products co- ■ rperatively in pools. : Not only is Mr. Eagles a good 1 ’armer and a model landlord, but le also is known as a good business 1 nan. He is president of the Farm. 1 ;rs Bank of Macclesfield, the post )ffice of his home community of 1 Irisp. The bank there came i hrough the great depression as < sound as a new hickory nut. The 1 state’s leading farmer also enter- i ed politics for a brief spell and served as a member of the Gen eral Assembly for four terms. As was natural, he was a member of the committees on agriculture and banking. He belongs to many or ders and organizations, but is proudest of being chairman of the Soil Conservation District, com prising the counties of Edgecombe, Greene, Pitt, and Martin. Some excellent work in forest fire con trol and in drainage has been done in these counties under his direction. "Cap” believes that the soil is the basis 0f all of North Carolina’s farming future. Soil Building “Building the soil is the greatest thing that we can do,” he said recently. In this work with the Soil Conservation district, “Cap” and his associates in the four coun ties cooperate with the Extension Service, the REA, the FSA, the Land Bank of Columbia and all state and governmental agencies formed to be of help to the farm er. Tom Buie, head of tha Soil Conservation work in the South east, says this group headed by Mr. Eagles is doing an excellent job. But Mr. Eagles also is concerned about the Christian and home life influences round about him. He has been superintendent of the lo cal Baptist Sunday School since 1919, and chairman of the Board of Deacons of the Crisp Baptist Church since 1922. He has an ar dent supporter and partner in Mrs. Eagles, the former Miss Dairy Mc Lean who is known throughout all that section for her ability as a homemaker and a gracious host ess. They have a modern farm home, completely equipped with all the conveniences. Mrs. Eagles sees that the home runs smoothly while “Cap” is o\t attending to his farm or is helping to look after the affairs of the farm organizations with which he is connected. Future Safe All in all, if the Farm Bureau Federation continues to select its leaders as wisely as it did in select, ing Jasper E. Winslow who served as president for the past years; and then as it did in getting its new leader, W. W. “Cap” Eagles, who is now president, the people of North Carolina will have cause to believe in and to support this organization to the fullest. It should serve our farming people with ability and success. War On Prostitution Planned By Government WASHINGTON, March 9—(Urf>)— A proposed $700,000 Federal pro gram against prostitution today re ceived unqualified support from church, law enforcement, and pub lie health representatives. They testified before a Senate Education subcommittee on a bill to set up a federal advisory sys tem to help local officials stamp out prostitution and sex delinquen cy, particularly among young girls. The bill would authorize the Fed eral Security agency to spend the $700,000 to expand and continue its emergency wartime campaign against venereal disease. Its war time efforts were centered around army camps. The greatest increase n venereal disease now is in sol iiers’ hometowns, the subcommit tee was told, and the program nust be nationwide. Stelle Declares VA Correcting Conditions ATLANTA, March 9—(ff)—John itelle, commander of the Ameri can Legion, said today the veter ins’ administration had ‘ aggres sively taken action” to correct con litions he criticized six weeks ago. '•"'--lEat Hme, Stelle called for he removal of Gen. Omar Bradley is head of the agency. ‘•I have no quarrel with Brad ey ” Stelle told the Atlanta Jour ,al today "but it’s his place to o the job- He can’t hide behind he cloak of being a great general, md' I don’t think he wants to. ENGLISH BRIDES WILL GET GIFTS Newton Grove Home Dem onstration Club Will Hon or Oversea Arrivals COLLEGE STATION, Raleigh, March 10—The Newton Grove Home Demonstration club will present hand-made gifts to the two English brides who have just joined their ex-GI husbands in Sampson county, it was reported by Home Agent Eleanor Souther land who said that Mrs. John Monk and Mrs. M. L. Bryan had been named to make the presentations. Sixty-five Piney Grove High School students got a temporary reprieve from examinations when Miss Southerland arrived at the school to conduct a 4-H Club dem onstration in table manners. Quiz zes, which had been in progress, were suspended when teachers were told the subject of the 4-H instruction period. New Otficers "Recently organized 4-H clubs at Clinton High school have elected the following 1946 officers: Senior club—Jack Morgan, presi dent; Ernestine Best, vice presi dent; Hilda Boone, secretary; Peggy Sutton, reporter; Joan Powell, song leader, and Roxell Royal, pianist. Junior club—Rudy Finn, presi dent; Delmatia Canady, vice president; Alice Craig, secretary, Jane Williamson, reporter; Mary Ann Bradshaw, song leader, and Marie Mathis, pianist. Egg Recipes Mrs. Annie G. Chandler, Robeson County Home Demonstration agent, contends that there is no reason for families to grow tired of breakfast menus because there are more than 1,000 recipes for preparing pgcjS. Home Agent Hattie F. Plummer of Vance county, reports that Miss Grace Walter, of Route 3, Hen derson, has sold 175 crocheted sachet bags at 50 cents each. The project started when Miss Walter crocheted a bag as a gift to a friend. FOREST SERVICE ADDS NEW FORCE Two Thousand 4-H Club Boys Will Join State Fire Fighters, Gray Says COLLEGE STATION, Raleigh, March 10.—A brigade ol 2,000 new forest fire fighters will be added to the state’s forestry force at no ad ditional public expense in a co operative move by the State College Extension Service and the State Division of Forestry and Parks de signed to reduce fire losses which cost North Carolina $465,363 last year it was announced Sunday by John’ L. Gray, college Extension forester. The new fire fighters are 4-H Club boys, 16 years of age and old er, who will cooperate with forest fire wardens, now operating in 63 counties, in fightin^ fires and seek ing to reduce losses by studying first causes and prevention. To Get Credits The farm boys will be given 4-H Club project credit for this new work and, if request for payment is made, will be paid in accordance with fees now given fire fighters recruited by county forest wardens. Jack Sprait, assistant state fire control forester said the move is expected to greatly facilitate the job of fighting woodland fires which have taken greedy tolls in this state each year. Spratt said the 1945 fire loss figure was “very con servative,” indicating that 315, 055 acres acres of timber land had been burned over by 2,456 fires. Each member of the 4-H brigade will be required to make detailed reports of fires fought in order to receive club project credit, Gray said. Requirements will include a sketch of thi fire area, showing acres burned, fire lines used, na tural barriers employed source and cause of the blaze and a writ ten statement about what could, have prevented the fire. I: COTTON GROWERS 1 TO GET SERVICE Twenty Thousand In State Will Receive Free Classi fication, Reports COLLEGE STATION, Raleigh, March 10.—At least 20,000 of the state’s cotton farmers will get con tinued free cotton classification and daily marketing news service this year under provisions of the Smith-Doxey act, it was announced Sunday by Dan M. Holler, Exten sion cotton marketing specialist at State college. July 15 has been set as the dead line for filing requests with the Government Classing office in Ra leigh for free service by one variety cotton organizations in North Carolina, one month earlier than last year, Holler reported. Thirty-five such organizations now exist in the state with the 1946 program incomplete. Free Service The free cotton classifcation service—available only to organ ized farmers using a single variety of lint—determines the grade and staple of each bale, simplifying the farmer’s marketing problem. About 150,000 bales of North Caro lina cotton were classified through the service last year. County agents in cotton produc ing sections of the state will as sist growers in the organization of one-variety improvement groups with the cooperation of local gin ners. Price Continues Meantime, Holler reminded cot ton growers that the government’s floor purchase price plan—at 23.04 cents per pound for 15-16-inch mid dling—will be continued through the facilities of the Commodity Credit corporation until June 30, 1946, on the 1945 crop. The CCC loan rate for 1945 cotton of the same length is 21.33 cents per pound, scheduled to continue un til May 1, Holler added. The harvest of 1945 cotton still is incomplete in many sections of the state. SUPREME SOVIET TO MEET MONDAY Probably Will Hear Impor tant Speaker Talk In-, ternational Affairs MOSCOW, March 9.— (JP) —The Thirteenth session of the supreme Soviet will convene in the large palace of the Kremlin Monday night and probably will hear a prominent speaker discuss import ant matters touching on interna tional affairs. The supreme Soviet is meeting when Soviet relations with her two main allies of the war, the United States and Britain, are any thing but placid. Since the end of the war numerous issues have arisen. The session, scheduled for about 7 or 8 p. m. Monday, will be at tended by delegates chosen recent ly in the first balloting since 1937. Many of them were reelected. Informed diplomats are attach ing singular importance to this session in view of issues which have arisen since the war’s end. Among these issues is the presence of foreign troops in European and Asiatic countries. The Red Army has troops in Iran and Manchuria, and representa tions have been made by Britain and the United States in one case and by the United States alone in another. Newspapers Are Asked To Support Food Plans WASHINGTON, March 9—(U.R)— President Truman tonight asked American newspapers to support the food conservation program designed to avert starvation in many parts of the world. John S. Knight, president of the American Society of Newspaper editors, announced he had re ceived the following telegram from Mr. Truman: “The famine emergency com mittee which I appointed on March 1 has called for a voluntary re duction by the American people in the consumption of wheat and all possible conservation in the use of fats and oils. “The American people have never failed to respond to any need provided the urgency was made clear and they were inform ed what specific steps were ex pected of them. Chetnik Leader Reported Hiding In Yugslav Hills PRAGUE, March 10.—(£“)—Maj. Gen. Vladimir Velevit, acting Yugoslavia minister of foreign af fairs, said Sunday the Chetnik leader, Draja Mihailovic, was hid ing in the Yugoslav mountains but that no search was being made. “He is dead politically, so it makes no difference whether he is dead physically,” Velevit, who is visiting here, told a news confer ence. BURNED TO DEATH HICKORY, March 10.—(A1)—Cor oner Rex Reynolds identified Wal ter Ledford, 48, as the man whose charred body was found in the smoking ruins of a burned Hickory township dwelling Sunday. Led ford’s home was discovered in Elames by his son, James J. Led- II lord. JJ x nrtjLjJC, Big Business Researchers Displace Private Inventor WASHINGTON, March 10. —M— A Commerce department official said Sunday night the independent inventor is being displaced by corporation . controlled research teams under the present American patent system. The statement was made by W. Houston Kenyon, Jr., counsel for a committee set up by the Commerce department under direction of President Truman to make recom. | mendations on how the system can be “made better suited to mod. ern conditions.” New Proposals Kenyon said the Patent Survey committee is considering among other things proposals that: 1. Every patent be made avail able “for use by anyone who may desire it and is willing to pay a fair price for the privilege.” 2. Where a patent has been held by the courts to have been used or disused “for the purpose of un reasonably limiting the supply of any article of commerce,” it should be declared void and for feited. Fair Compensation 3. Where a court decides a pa tented invention “is r.ot being de veloped on a reasonable scale commensurate with its practical importance,” it should permit others to use it so long as they “pay a fair compensation.” Present law gives patent holders exclusive rights for 17 years. Casper W. Ooms. the patent com missioner, said a few days ago some sort of compulsory licensing might be necessitated to protect public right of use if someone should patent an atomic energy invention that “dominated” ex ploration and experimentation in that field. Open Question Kenyon said it was an ’’open question” with the commission yet whether any of the proposals should be adopted, but observed “it is conceivable that in the fu ture a single group of patents might vitally affect the destinies of mil lions of men.” Already, he said, the independent inventor, “who in the past has been responsible for most of the nation’s great inventions,” is being rapidly displaced by organized researcher! “whose patents for the most pan are owned by corporations they work for.” Stifles Inventors Critics contend, he said, the con dition is tending to “stifle com. petition in research” and that "re search is avoided in lines of work that might hurt the corporation’s merchandising position.” Fort Macon Will Be Returned To State RALEIGH, March 10.—(JP>—His toric Fort Macon at Morehead City will be returned to the State soon after having been leased during the recent war bv the Army, the State Forest and Parks division said today. Tom Morse, superintendent of State Parks, made the announce, ment in response to what he said was “a deluge of letters and pro tests from Morehead City residents who thought the fort was being torn down. ITALIANS VOTE ROME, March 10.—(U.R5—Italian voters — including women for the first time in history — went to the polls Sunday in 29 ratn-drenehed provinces of central and southern Italy, Sicily ar.d Sardinia to choose their own local officials after a quarter century of Fascist dictators, ship. Infty/tK ____ h 'he bulk of most hearing aids ASK FOR DEMONSTRATION OR WRITE FOR BOOKLET HUGH E. BELL, JE. Hawthorne Rd. Phone 5230 WILMINGTON, N. C. P&pn Private demonstration in s your home. Phone for ap-1 ^^^^^^P°intmentdayor night. I TOO FAT? Get SLIMMER I Shis vitamin candy way Have a more slender, graceful fig ure. No exercising. No laxatives. No drugs. With the simple AYDh Vilamin Candy Reducing Plan you don’t cut out any meals, starches, potatoes, meats or butter, you simply cut them down, .it s , easier wnen you ^joydehcious (vitamin fortified) AYDS candy before meals Absolutely harmless. In finical tests conducted by medi cal doctors, more than lOO porwons lost 14 to 18 lbs. avoramo Im.o few wooko with AYDS Vitamin Candy Reducing Plan. FUTREL/uE PHARMACY Phone 4422—4423 Now Ready For Business SUNSET BEAUTY SHOP Mrs. Retha Nobles, Owner. Lucille Willetts, Operator. For Appointment D I A L 6 4 6 1 13 N. Harrison Street Sunset Park Just Received! 100 New Sue Parker DRESSES Sizes 1 to 6 1-2 —AT— THE KIDDY SHOP 604 Castle. H. May, Owner EASTER ! MEANS NEW \ APPEARANCES WHY NOT • ! A NEW PICTURE ! ! FOR YOUR \ FAMILY AND FRIENDS 1 j CALL > \ Adams Studio I 8th Floor Trust Bldg. '! Phone 6318 PARK-UR-KIDDY In The JACK & JILL PLAYROOM WHILE YOU SHOP 316 Southern Bldg. Dial 2-0316 easy way to UNCORK STUFFY NOSTRILS When nostrils are clogged, and your nose feels raw, membranes swollen, reach for cooling, sooth ing Menlholatum. Spread it inside nostrils . . . and snuff well back. Instantly it starts to 1) Help thin out thick mucus; 2) Soothe irritated membranes; 3) Help reduce swelling; 4) Stimu late local blood supply to "sick” area. Every breath brings quick, welcome relief. To open stuffy nostrils, get effective Mentholatum today, the Medicated Nasal-Unguent. Jars, tubes 30*. KINGOFF’S \ JZonyines - Wittnauat Watches | GEN. BILLY MITCHELL j j ... to some a noble martyr, to others a sinister \ \ menace, but to all, an outspoken and hard- J ' hitting advocate in the cause of Aviation. The | story of General Billy Mitchell is told in the J • radio drama, "He Saw Eagles in the Sky"—one \ > of a series of 13 plays on jj “Tha World's Most hfonoxcd | WMFD TONIGHT 7:30P.M. ; Authorized Agency For Longines-Wittnauer Watches ! | t \ A ii s h ; taiajjjJm If It’s From Kingoff’s It’s Guaranteed ' KHNORTH FRONT ST. ^ !