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umutijfau Uuinutuj gj^-NO. 107. . WILMINGTON, N. C., TUESDAY, MARCH 19, 1946 • ESTABLISHED 1861 VHF Sure Thing For Field NEWEST AIR DEVELOPMENT assured for bluethenvT The ultra-modern VHF (very hi*h frequency) radio range, the very latest scientific de velopment in aviation naviga tion, is now a “sure thing” for Wilmington’s Eluethenthal air field. The up-and-coming Wilming ton-New Hanover Airport Au thority disclosed this new, and important, news in iheir meet in* yesterday afternoon in the Wooc.row Wilson hut. Open Bids May 1 In a letter from H. Harvie Perkins, regional superinten dent of airports for the Civil Aeronautics Administration, it was revealed that bids for con struction of the VHF range will be opened on May 1. Actual construction is expected to be completed about July 1, and the range will' be commissioned and in operation about August Explains VHF Just what the VHF range means for Bluethenthal field, and, hence, the city of Wil mington and New Hanover county, was depressed by Hamilton Hicks, Army engineer who helped develop Bluethen thal field and secretary of the Authority. “It spells the difference be tween Bluethenthal as a ‘cow pasture’ air §£ jethen thal as one <$* standing airports of the . ^ n.” Briefly, this is tne story of the VHF radio range: Radio Range The compass is divided into 360 degrees. The old four-way radio range transmitted radio signals to planes in only four directions. In other words, a pilot had to reel his way round in stormy weather until he con tacted one of the four beams to guide him safely into the field. See LATEST On Page Two threat to port Wilmington To Fight Tampa Plan Of Rates Florida Port Seeks To Be Included In Freight Rate Area With Wilmington, Which Would Mean Higher Fares Here A threat to Wilmington’s position as a prominent post war port of world trade is in the offing, but the Wilmington Port Traffic association is ready to meet it. The Tampa Traffic association, Tampa, Fla., is slated tn file a comnlaint with the Interstate Commerce Commis jion very shortly, stating that the import-export freight rates of the South Atlantic ports (which in cludes Wilmington) are unfair to Tampa. Parity With North Porta Since 1934 these South Atlantic ports—Wilmington, Charleston, S. C, Savannah, Ga., Brunswick, Ga., and Jacksonville, Fla.—have operated with freight rates on a parity with the rates of the North Atlantic ports, such as New York, Norfolk, Baltimore, and Phila delphia. This means that the southern ports have, since 1934, been on ah equal footing with the northern ports in freight operations to and from industrial cities like Chica go, 111., Milwaukee, Wis., Louis ville, Ky., Evansville, Ind., Madi son, Wis.. and St. Paul, Minn, l Tampa Isolated Tampa, a gulf port, now wants to be included in the South Atlantic ports area. Tampa, however, is relatively isolated as far as the Atlantic ocean is concerned, and its freight rates are in most cases higher than those in tin regular Atlantic ports. The Wilmington Port Traffic as soci-tion believes that if Tampa is " her complaint to the ICC, the ICC might, in turn, abol .... .c present South Atlantic See THREAT on Page Two FRANCO CHARGES ATTACK PLANNED AGAINST SPAIN MADRID, March 18.—(JP)— The Spanish government Mon day night charged that the United States engaged in espionage activities in Spanish North Africa in 1943, and early the following year submitted a plan to other Allied nations for an invasion of the Iberian peninsula. The charges were made in a 5,000-word “reply” to the recent T. S. “White Book” which |s serled that the Franco regime had cooperated with the Axis huriiig the war. The document, issued by the foreign ministry, flatly denied that Spain “was compromised w‘th the nations of the Axis” and said that “the conduct, of Spain toward the United States during the war and post-war Tears has been irreproach able." The Weather „ FORECAST: l".™ Carolina: Scattered light showers k temper1?011 Xu€sday with little change liw“*-h Carolina: Fair Tuesday and ' change in temperature. pastern Standard Time) j,?.a s. Weather Bureau) s «2° w8*31 data for the 24 hours ■8 7.30 p. m> yesterday. i.„ Temperatures jy '??,?■ n 64; 7:30 a. m. 61; 1:30 p. m, Vavilp' m- 60 sotmal K; Minimum 6C; Mean 64; I v. , Humidity fc:'5.,„a *• 7;30 a. m. K; 1:30 p. m "i0 P- m. 100. „ Total t . Precipitation '-Irches W 24 hours ending 7:30 p. m.— ^"^Inche”06 the firs4 °7 month— (From ,I1I>ES FOB TODAY ’J. $ A the T.de Tables published b; oast and Geodetic Survey) ^‘‘ttine*,\„ Hlgh Low ■nglon -11:05 a.m. 5:49 a. m Mjsonbom T , 11:28 p.m. 6:09 p.m Inlet _ 8:49 a.m. 2:39 a. m Sunri, 9:09 p. m. 2:53 p. m V Ibonrise 7 *• tn.; Sunset 6:23 p. in. Sive-V: 17 P- m.; Moonset 7:32 a. m P. m »ir'e at Fayetteville. N. C. at Ionaay, 9.6 feet: Sunday, 9.6 fee! Ste tBE WEATHER on Page Two SISTERS' GROUP TO BE HONORED IN NEW HOSPITAL The name of Wilmington’s future 100-bed, $700,000 Catho lic hospital has been changed from St. Francis to Holy Fami ly, the campaign-funds com mittee disclosed yesterday. Bishop Vincent S. Waters, Raleigh, has given the institu tion the new name in honor of the Sisters of the Holy Family of Nazareth, the organization which will operate the hospital. The organization was founded in Italy in 1875, began opera See SISTERS on Page Two RED CROSS REPORT COMES IN SLOWLY Only $15,000 Of $41,000 Quota Reported Through Last Night \ The New Hanover county annual Red Cross campaign is moving slowly toward it’s goal of $41,000, chairmen announced yesterday when leaders of the solicitation groups were urged to make their collection reports as soon as they are completed. Co-chairmen Harry Solomon and F. P. O’Crowley, making the call to volunteer workers to make theiij reports to the county headquarters, said that many of them have been waiting to make their returns after their solicitation has been co-mplet ed. $15,000 Reported A break-down of returns from those groups which have finished their collections, was expected yesterday, but to date the only report given, was the approximate $15,000 as announced at the end oi last week. A combined quota of $8,500 has been accepted by the North Caro lina Shipbuilding company, and Atlantic Coast Line employees. There was no final report from either of the two industrial units, however information pointed to ar “over the top” campaign, unless there is a last hour let down amons the employees. Oversubscriptions In the majority of returns mad< See RED CROSS On Page Two TOBACCO FARMERS REACH NEW HIGHS Weed Brings In $346,668, 313 During Past Sea son In State RALEIGH, March 18. —UPI—North Carolina farmers last season sold 787,617,355 pounds of flue-cured and hurley tobacco for $346,663,313, an average of 44.01 cents a pound, the State Department of Agriculture reported Monday. Both the poundage and total in come were new records, and the average price was the best since 1919, when it was 49.20 cents s pound for a 320,688,000-pound crop, 724,000 Acres W. P. Hendrick, tobacco market ing specialist in the department reported that there were 724,00( acres of flue-cured tobacco undei cultivation last year but he expect ed farmers this season would mee the expanded acreage of 785,000 al lowed by the AAA. He explained that while domestic stocks were adequate, additional tobacco was needed to meet a de mand created by war-imposec shortages in tobacco abroad. Total Poundages Total poundages, receipts and averages were by belts: Border belt—127,003,348 pounds for $55,834,943, average 43.96. New Bright belt — 374,471,792 pounds for $165,473,377, average 44. 19. Middle belt—142,155,204 pounds for $62,572,801, average 44.02. Old belt—129,976,371 pounds for $57,394,540, average 44.16. Buriey belt—14,010,639 pounds foi $5,392,652, average 38.49. Gross sales—including totals tc farmers and for resales—were 869, 403,973 pounds for $379,738,952, ar average of 43.68 cents a pound. SENATE COMMITTEE APPROVES MEASURE FOR CAPE FEAR JOB WASHINGTON, March 18.— (/P)—An appropriation of $1, 465,000 for inproving the Cape Fear river channel at Wilming ton, was approved Monday by the Senate Appropriations com mittee. Funds for the project were added to the 1947 War Depart ment’s Civil Functions bill. The appropriation has yet to be approved by the Senate and the House. In testimony at recent com mittee hearings, made public Monday, Senator Bailey (D.-N. C.) said “the proposition is to make the channel 400 feet w'de and 32 feet deep.” He pointed out that the Cape Fear is the only river in North Carolina developed as a water wav reaching the ocean. The Senator told the commit tee that oil companies now are building larger tankers which need more than a 30-foot chan nel. J. T. Hiers. of the Wilmington Port commission, testified that larger tankers cannot now navi gate the channel safely without waiting for flood tides to in crease the channel depth. LOSE DEATH RACE Coast Guard’s Gamble Fails To Save Tiny Baby NEW YORK, March 18—(U.RJ— The body of tiny Leigh Travis Smith, ■vyho died at sea at the age of nine hours, arrived aboard the liner Queen Mary, Monday, after the U. S. Coast Guard has gambled the lives of 12 men "n effort to assure his delivery alive to an Ameri can father. Born Prematurely The baby was born prema turely Sunday to the British war bride of former Sgt. Bus i sell D. Smith, of Coventry, Vt., while the liner was 200 miles from New York. He weighed only 3 pounds. Shipboard doctors struggled to preserve the small spark of life but the baby failed' steadily under the strain of three months’ premature birth. Pneumonia set in and Col. William R.' Barrett, Newburgh, N. Y., troop commander, radio ed for help. C. G. Into Action He begged for six tanks of oxygen for a special type to fit into an oxygen tent. See DEATH RAQE on Page Two i U.S.-BRITAIN TO tORlb UNO KbVIbW OF DISPUTES BETWEEN IRAN, RUSSIA; KING BARES RED “ESPIONAGE PLOTS” Soviet Move Is Disclosed By Canadian Prime Minister Tells 01 Conferences With Tru man And Attlee SERIOUS SITUATION Cypher Messages Related To “Munition Plans, Troop Movements” / . _ OTTAWA, March 18—(UP) —Prime Minister MacKenzie King disclosed Monday nighl that he made urgent trips tc Washington and London tc confer with President Tru man and Prime Minister Att lee when he learned that Russie was seeking information of “grea and grave concern” through it! embassy in Ottawa. Making the first “top-level’ pronouncement on Russian esyi onage activities in Canada, Kin; told the House of Commons tha Soviet attempts to 'extract vita military information constitutec “the most serious situation tha has arisen at any time in Canada.’ He said those activities amounted to the creation of a “Fifth Column’ in Canada. Proved by Documents Soviet-inspired espionage was proven through documents taker from the vaults of the Russiar embassy by Igor Gouzenko, cypher clerk in the office of Russian mili tary attache, Col. N. Zabotin, King said. With that information, the Prime Minister said he went first tc Washington where he informed See SOVIET on Page Two GROUP TO STUDY ‘CASTE SYSTEM’ Source Of GI Gripes To Be Investigated By Board Under Doolittle WASHINGTON, March 18—(U.R)— Secretary of War Robert P. Patter, son Monday named a six-man board under Lieut. Gen. James H. Doolittle to investigate the Army’s so-called “caste system," source of gripes by thousands of GI’s who claimed they were treated like lackeys by officers who lived ofi the fat of the land. Patterson said the board, made up of former GI’s and offic.ers, would look into relations between officers and men both on and of) duty, invesligate provisions foi their housingj clothing and recrea tion facilities, living conditions and the promotion system. It is em powered to recommend anj changes it considers desirable. Doolittle Flies In Doolittle, now on terminal leave, flew here immediately from Flori da to confer with Patterson. The board will meet late this montl and hear testimony from officer: See CASTE on Page Two | Tabor City Boys Join Up En Masse_ The boys from Tabor City are doing an "all-out’' answer to their country’s call for men in the Army. In the picture, above, you see seven men signing up with Sgt. Robert W. Mitchell, seated, at the Wilmington Army Recruiting station. And ' six of the seven are from Tabor City. The seventh is from Whiteville. Left to right, standing, the men are Martin Byrd, Jr., Robert H. Watts, Dale Watts, David C. Soles, John H. Stanley and Carl Byrd, all of Tabor City. The Whiteville man, next, is A. D. Currie. TESTS SHOW CARS IN BAD CONDITION Barwick Finds 387 De • k*cts In 436 Autos In spected Here Just how badly the American people need new automobiles is graphically illustrated by the find ings of Ray Barwick, State High way License examiner here. Last month Barwick, in line with a new state highway law, inaugu rated a “car inspection” program for all new driver’s license appli cants. Under the law, the applicant cannot take the road test and be issued a license until his car pass es the inspection; Results Appalling The results of the first month of inspections are somewhat appall ing. Barwick inspected 436 cars—and 387 of them were defective in some Way. Following is the breakdown of the “breakdowns:” 108 Faulty Lights One hundred and eight cars had faulty lights; 48 had inoperative windshield wipers; 96 had bad brakes; 78 had non-working speed ometers; 27 had non-blowing horns; and 30 had no rearview mirrors. The people hereabouts are mak ing the best of an unfavorable situ ation, however, Barwick said yes terday that all 387 defective cars were taken to the garage by their owners and put into first class shape, and Barwick passed them with full approval. Safer Highways ^Our highways are getting safer and safer,” Barwick said, “even though most of the cars traveling them are old ones. For every re pair that the license applicant makes on his car, one more acci dent hazard has been overcome. Multiply that by every car inspec See TESTS On Page Two Along The Cape Fear POLITICAL HARNESS — We no tice in the paper—yes, ■ we read it . too sometimes—that many of our county officials are throwing their hats into the coming primary elec tions ring. Now, we don’t want anybody thinking that ALONG THE CAPE FEAR is a politically-minded insti tution. We have no axes to grind. Like old man Cape Fear river, we just keep rolling along, and m the ■ course of our journey, commenting casually on the things we see m and around Wilmington. t All we want to say it that we re glad to see most of the old stand bys still carrying on in political harness. Wilmington and New Hanover county may well be proud of them regardless of which of them win and which of them lose in the coming ^primaries. REFUTE DISREPUTE It's par ticularly satisfying to know that ££ m«n, public officials hereabouts are treated by most of us with the respect due bona fide politicians. The word “politician” has, in general throughout the nation, fall en into disrepute. True, a lot of bad politicians are the cause. But it’s not fair to the good politicians, and that’s why it pleases all of us to know that we do have good politicians and that we appreciate them as such. * • * * NOTHING NEW—This unsavory business of blackening politicians is nothing new. We can take the word of our Chinese friends along the Whangpoo for that. Over 800 years ago a Chinese poet with the euphonious name of Su Tung-p’o probably started the unfair campaign against politicians with a little vitriolic poem which we present to you now. It’s en titled “On the Birth of His Son,” and here it is: : “Families, when a child is born, Want it to be intelligent. I, through intelligence, Having wrecked my whole life, Only hope the baby will prove See CAFE FEAR on Face Two THREE TO FIVE YEARS Mrs. Collins Calm At Sentence Here Local Woman, Convicted Of Knife-Slaying Here, Indifferent As She Draws Term In State Prison Mrs. Coreen Graham Collins, convicted slayer of Mrs. Edward F. Bordeaux, was yesterday sentenced to serve from three to five years in the state prison. Her reception of the sentence was of a pattern with the indifference she had displayed throughout the trial , and which had been labelled by tn< state as “callous.” Found guilty of manslaughtei late in Friday’s session Mrs. Col lins’ sentence was arrested by th< weekend recess of superior court Wide Speculation There had been wide speculatior during that time as to which as pect of the trial would carry mosi weight with Judge R. Hunt Parkei when he passed sentence. Many felt that Mrs. Collins truculence under questioning wculc work”to her disadvantage. The case of Ronald Freeman 14-year-old Negro, charged witl the killing of his father Oseol; Freeman on Jan. 13, was hear; See CALM On Page Two MIRACLE DRUG SOUGHT TO AID * BABY ILL HERl Marian Rouse, two and a half year old daughter of Mr. and Mrs. T. R. Rouse, Rose Hill, 1 is in the James Walker Mem orial hospital suffering from ‘ congested lungs and various complications. p Her physician, Dr. A. M. Crouch, has enl’sted the aid of Congressman J. Bayard Clark , in a search for the revolution »ry drug, streptomicin. Dr. ' Crouch hopes to secure for the Rouse child the rapid relief ef fected by streptomicin in recent cases. 5 BODIES RAISED AT COOPER BRIDGE Family Drowned When Structure Was Rammed By Ship Feb. 24 CHARLESTON, S. C., Mar. 10. (JP)—An automobile containing fivt bodies was raised from the Coop er river here Monday afternoon climaxing three weeks’ investiga tion of a report that an automo bile plunged into the water wher a gap was knocked in the bij Grace Memorial bridge. Coroner John P. Deveaux identi fied the bodies as those of Elme: R. Lawson of North Charleston his wife, Mrs. Evelyn Lawson; hi: mother, Mrs. Rose Lawson; ant his two children, Robert, 7, ant Diane, 2. Plunged Through The car plunged through a brea] in the bridge the afternoon o February 24, when a 10,000-toi freighter dragged anchor ant rammed the two-mile bridge. J 240-foot gap was knocked out o the structure. Bodies of the Lawson famil; members were recovered durinj routine dredging operations t< clear the Cooper river bottom o: steel and concrete debris left bi See BODIES on Page Two SICK OF SEA! Woman Recovers After Two Weeks On Island LOS ANGELES, March 18.— (U.PJ—Mrs. Bernice Brown, 43, recovering from a terrifying two weeks marooned on a bleak / desert island, Monday night said she never again wants to see the ocean, which claimed the lives of her husband and brother-in-law and almost took hers. Mrs. Brown, who with her husband, Roy, 42, and brother in-law, 38, made a living for years at commercial fishing, was rescued by a coast guard boat Sunday after spending 14 days on rocky, uninhabited Ana capa island, 25 miles west of Santa Monica, Cal. Presumed Dead Brown and Barta were still missing, presumed dead. But for a kind fate, Mrs. Brown might be with them. After the 40-foot fishing vessel, Nancy B., went down in a storm March 3, she floundered all day through towering waves, clinging to a gasoline drum, until the surf tossed her, exhausted, on a rock just off Anacapa. See MAROON on Fa£e Two See Threat To Appeals From Coup Move By Leftists Suspected In Maneuvers By Rus sians In Iran SEEK OIL RIGHTS America, England Againsf Negotiations While Troops Are Present * LONDON, March 18—(UP)" —The Iranian government is still determined to put its dis pute with Russia before the United Nations Security coun cil and if the Russians by means of threats prevent it from doing so the British and American governments will fore* consideration, authoritative source* said Monday night. At the same time the foreign office made it known that it was still pressing for a reply to its note asking Russia to explain its failure to withdraw its troops from Iran and in the House of Commons. Foreign Undersecretary Hector McNeil said that Britain sent a note to Russia March 9 objectinf to the removal of Japanese ma< chinery and equipment from Man churia, j Might Use Threat* Suspicion that Russia might us* threats to keep Iran from appeal ing to the UNO appeared strong U official quarters. Mention in a Tehran dispatcj that the militant left wing Tudel party demanded that Premier Ah mad Gh'avam es-Sultaneh adopt “t See COUP On Page Two SURPLUS SHIPS TO ANCHOR HER! Vessels From James Rivek To Be Brought Here In Ninety Days Surplus merchant ships, now ly* ing idle at anchor in the James river in Virginia, will be moved to the new storage basin in the Brunswick river here within 90 days, a U. S. Maritime commission spokesman disclosed in Washing* ton, D. C., yesterday, i The spokesman said further that . the North Carolina Shipbuilding [ company here will definitely pre pare the ships for storage. Such preparations, he added, consists of placing the ships in dry-dock and stripping them down. No Official Word P. F. Halsey, vice president and * general manager of NCSC, said last • night he has received no official word yet of the transfer of the ships. “It’s news to me,’* he said, 1 can’t say that we will place tha ships in dry-dock because, as yet, we have no dry-dock. Hope for Dry-dock “There are no new developments to date concerning the building of a dry-dock here although we hop* to get one in line with the ship* storage operations. “The only work on the project going on now is the dredging or the storage basin.” The dredging is said to be about 25 per cent completed. And So To Bed.# Mrs. Dionne, mother of the. famous quintuplets, had better look to her laurels. / J. C. Williams, 809 Park avenue, Audubon, has a hen which seems set to break all production records. Last week this hen, a normal chicken to all outside appear ances, laid an egg, size 3” by 4”. Inside this egg was another regular-size egg. And both had whites sad yolks. This week she did It again. And Mr. Williams thinks she’s going to keep right on with it. “What does the chicken hav# to say to all this?” Mr. WIL liams was asked. “Cluck, cluck,” said Mb Williams, "in a strained voh^.'