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The Sunday Star-News
Published Every Sunday By The Wilmington Star-Mews R. B. Page, Publisher _ Telephone All Departments 2-3311 Entered as Second Class Matter at Wilming ton, N. C., Postoffice Under Act of Congress of March 3, 1878 _ SUBSCRIPTION RATES BY CARRIER IN NEW HANOVER COUNTY Payable Weekly or In Advance Combi Time Star News nation 1 Week .$ -30 $ -25 $ -50 1 Month . 1-30 1.10 2.15 8 Months . 8.90 3.25 6.50 6 Months . 7.80 6.50 13.00 ! year .. 15-60 13.00 26.00 (Above rates entitle subscriber to Sunday issue of Star-News) SINGLE COPY Wilmington News-— -— 5c Morning Star -........- 5c Sunday Star-News ..-.lUc By Mail: Payable Strictly in Advance 3 Months .3 2.50 $2.00 $ 3 85 6 Months . 5.00 4.00 7.70 l Year . 10.00 8.00 15.40 (Above rates entitle subscriber to Sunday issue of Star-News)_ “ WILMINGTON STAR (Daily Without Sunday) 3 Months-$1.85 6 Months-$3.70 1 Yr.-$7.40 When remitting by mail please use checks or U S. P. O. money order. The Star-News can not bo responsible for currency sent through the mails. _ MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS AND ALSO SERVED BY THE UNITED PRESS SUNDAY, APRIL 7, 1946 TOP O’ THE MORNING “I’M CALLING YOU” I am the BEST FRIEND of every man. I safeguard man through all his wander ing paths-from the first hour that life’s slants upon his footprints until the gold and purple gather above the far horizon, and darkness falls on sea and land. I bestow gifts that neither gold can buy, nor kings remove. These are given freely to all who seek them in sincerity I am the link between the dreary, dusty roads of earth and the highway up the ever lasting hills to the dwelling place of the Lord God of Hosts. I am the heaven-sent Agent through which the Divine Christ sends His Saving Gospel to sinning, suffering, sordid, selfish souls. I’m calling you! I AM THE CHURCH. —From a Church Calendar. Want Ad Week This is Want Ad Week. Some five hundred members of the Association of Newspaper Classified Advertising Managers, including the Star-News, are paying tribute to the accomplish ments of Want Ads, the first of which appeared in the Boston News-Letter in . 1704. With the steady advance of news paper production Want Ads have es tablished such an efficient clearing house for so many persons that it is impossible to picture a paper without a department devoted exclusively to them. In today’s Star-News, for ex ample, the reader will find a world of information about things for sale and things people want to buy or trade. A panegyrist named Harry Gwalt ney has written a tribute to this special form of advertising well worth perus ing, particularly as it may direct some one’s attention to a specific need: “My mission is to serve humanity without regard to creed or position or time or place. I herald the arrival of the new born, I serve them through life and announce their demise. I am the servant of the poor, the commis sioner of the rich. With each sunrise and sunset I go forth with new mis sions to perform. Each new day new thousands rely upon me to fill their needs and satisfy their wants. I search out all manner of things for all manner of persons. I find the castle tor tne newly-weds, a home tor those grown weary and aged. I find a busi ness for a future giant of industry and a little shop for a widow’s livelihood. I alter the course of millions, and many times the future of maid and man is of my determination. I recover the lost pets of weeping children, and restore lost persons to anxious friends. I sing the praise of artisans, proclaim the skill of craftsmen. I find labor for the man of brawn as well as oppor tunity for trained and active minds. I am the Fabled Dwarfs, Aladdin’s Lamp and the Magic Wand of modern times. Millions in trade are consum mated through me, yet the value of my service is not measured in silver or gold. Even rogues avail themselves of my power and filch from those who trust me. I am an index of trends, a barometer of commerce, a harbinger of coming events. I am a by-word ir countless thousands of homes, the firsl thought in many times of need. Mj speed of action, the sureness of mj r ! success, matches the completeness of | my public acceptance. Within my lines are the sad stories and the glad stories of everyday living that goes to | make up life. I perform in my own in-j dividual way and for me there is no substitute. No other medium, no other method, plan, or scheme can duplicate my service. In multiple, I become the world’s greatest market of services and things. I am born of the people and have lived and grown by their insistence and over the protests of those who held my destiny. I have become an institution of service big enough and broad enough to do any thing for anybody at any time—I am the WANT AD!” Auditorium Site In area the Marine Hospital site is well adapted for the auditorium build ing, particularly as it is the understood intention of the City Council to include the adjoining Robert Strange play ground in a combined recreation park project. As much cannot be said for it geographically. The Council’s decision is liable to draw criticism and complaint from a large section of the population on the ground that land of ample area could be secured at a moderate price further from the center of the city through no streets run and on which no buildings exist. The Council, however, can defend its decision as the hospital land, for which the City of Wilmington had been in negotiation for more than two de cades, was finally acquired by purchase from the War Department for this specific use and other close-in property is held at prices the Council consider ed exhorbitant. If the administration at the City Hall finds means to finance the audi torium it doubtless will be built there and so be neither quite downtown, as many wish, or suburban, as others de sire, but can be the central useful adornment of a tract capable of great development as a play and entertain ment center which will place Wilming ton more nearly on a par with the larger cities of the state. It is questionable it the seating capacity of either the main auditorium or the music hall will prove adequate as now proposed, but as there is no probability of a quick start on con struction there will be time for recon sideration of the plans and the needs of a growing community receive the attention they deserve. In view of the investment contemp lated it must be noted that the build ing ought to serve the public need, not merely at the project’s time of com pletion but for many years to come. On Volcanic Ground Considering his forensic limitations, President Truman was far more eloqu ent and forceful in his Army day ad dress at Soldier Field, Chicago, than he ever before gave evidence of, but nevertheless ventured on volcanic soil. He called for unification of the arm ed forces, for example, a subject that has caused grave dissension among the heads of those forces and can hardly be expected to win congressional ap He renewed his appeal for universal military training, a European system; which is bitterly resented by great numbers of Americans and contrary to the nation’s long-standing policy of de pending on a citizens’ army in war emergencies. But particularly it is to be noted that almost on the heels of the Se curity Council’s permitting Russia to get away with another Moscow trick— the Iranian oil deal—on its own terms, Mr. Truman proclaimed a universal American foreign policy aimed at stop ping coercian and penetration of the weak. It is not to be forgotten that the United States, through its Secretary of State and its permanent Security Council delegate, however bravely they bearded the Russian regime at the state, fell in line when Iran, obviously under heavy pressure from Moscow, gave its consent. It is not easy to determine whether Mr. Truman has given a demonstration ; of exceptional courage or, as happen ed so often in the past, accepted under ■ par advice in preparing his speech. New Red Proteges By RODNEY GILBERT It has not been many years since travelers among the Kurds, who had the luck to find them involved in a tribal festival of some sort, reported that they were armed with spears and wore chain mail which seemed to be of the same workmanship as that which the Saracens wore at the time of the Cru sades. For their own good, it is a genuine pity that their fighting equipment has in lat ter years been so greatly improved, and is now being thoroughly modernized according to some accounts, because it is not likely that anyone would have found it worth while to egg a little nation of mountain spearmen into such serious trouble with their neighbors as the Kurdish leaders are now promising Iran, Turkey and Iraq. Even now Iranian troops are still fighting off attacks by the tribesmen. Few of their neighbors would deplore any grief that could be heaped upon the Kurds by their own forces or others; for they are undoubtedly bad boys and have had an evil reputation since the days of Haroun A1 Raschid—even more evil among those who had tried to conquer them and have won their momentary submission than among the small Christian groups in Armenia and Iraq that have been the victims of their fanatical devotion to Islam. A Turkish official and a Chaldean or Armenian Christian would snort with equal contempt for one’s soft-headedness if one starteo to lament the discomfiture of a Kurd in his presence. Indeed, their only faithful champions are those who have gone among them on purely scientific missions. This is partly because the Kurd is even more devoted to his code of hospitality than he is to his rather garbled Mohammedanism; partly because he has the spirit of a bull terrier and the same friend liness when rightly approached; but chiefly because, like the Lithuanian, the Basque, the Galcha of Central Asia, and the Ainu of Hok kaido, the Kurd is one of the darlings of the ethnologist. He belongs to one of those little islands of humanity in which an ancient type and an ancient language have been preserved in some purity. Everyone who has been introduced to the theory of the common parentage of the Indo European peoples, which includes most Euro peans and the ancestors of the ancient Aryans in India and of the ruling element in Persia at the time of Darius, would of course like to know something of the looks and character of the ancestral savage. So would the ex perts. The consensus of ancient testimony, from nations as widely separated as the Egyptians and the Chinese, is that they were tall, fair, light-eyed, long-headed, with high bridged noses, and ferocious beyond words. Practically all the Kurds seem to measure up to the last requirement. Warfare is with them the one manly sport and they take to it with unholy zest. Physically they do not meet the requirements everywhere; but in some districts they do. They speak an Iranian language, moreover. There was a time when learned students of their looks and ways were content to guess that they were a fairly pure remnant of the Medes. Now the guessing goes mucn further back. From the mountains which they still occupy in eastern Turkey, northwestern :ran, and northern Iraq, a horde of Indo-European marauders began making incursions into Mes-; opotamia, which finally became conquests of j considerable territory, about 3,500 years ago. | They are known as the Mitanni, and recorded j names and words from their language were i certainly Indo-European and probably Iranian, j Aren’t the Kurds a surviving remnant of the Mitanni? Maybe. Do not the physical charac teristics and the temper of the Kurds give us a pretty good idea of the looks and charac ter of the original ancestral Indo-Europeans? It pleases those who have been the gunts of these handsome, spirited and hospitable peo ple to think so. The occasion for all this is, of course, that in the northwestern Iranian province of Azer baijan, in which the Soviet Red army has protected an autonomous regime, there is .now being fostered a Kurdish independence move as Mullah Mustafa, as its spokesman. In the ment, with a fiery exile from Iraq, known new Kurdish State of which he talks would be incorporated the several million Kurds in Iran, Turkey, and Iraq; and that State’s ter ritories would of course include those parts of these three nations in which the Kurds are now domiciled. This boastful Mustafa him self promises to return into-Iraq this spring with an army of Iranian Kurds to establish the independence of Kurdish Iraq from Brit ish-patronized Iraq. Since all this talk is coming out of a terri tory now under Russian military protection, the assumption that Moscow has put its bless ing on it is not only natural but unavoidable If the Kurds in Turkey and Iraq actually respond to Mustafa’s call, they will certainly have to fight for the integrity of their pro posed State; and if the Soviet Union supports them and if the British come to the help of the Iraqi, anything can happen. If the Soviet Union is, on the other hand, simply using Kurdish bellicosity to create a threat to the Mosul oil fields' in Iraq and to Turkish territory to be user for bargain ing purposes and then abandoned at discre tion, what is likeliest to happen is that the Kurds will involve themselves in serious trouble all around and then pay as heavy a price for it as they did for their last re volt against Turkey in the early 1930's For, strangely enough, the 'Kurd is no soldier. Individually he is one of the fiercest fighters in Asia: but no one has yet succeed ed in organizing this zest for war. In battle each Kurd forgets what littie regimentation has been inflicted on him and proceeds to fight his own war. British officers of wide experience, who years ago tried and aban doned an effort to train Kurdish units, testi fied almost tearfully that, with all the courage, intelligence and zeal in the world, thev made the world’s worst soldiers. With this record, one cannot help wonder ing what kind of a citizen of a Socialist Soviet Republic, under Russian tutelage the Kurd would make.—Christian Science Moni tor. A complete “home of tomorrow” was built in Cleveland’s auditorium for the Home and Flower Show. There was no charge for wishing. A Washington man whose wife got a divorce was awarded a bathing suit from the house hold effects. Just in case he decided to take another plunge. A boost is contemplated in many American cities bus and street car fares. Hop right aboard and be taken for a ride. Part of the pleasure is lost when you take a vacation just to keep on loafing. • OTHER CHEEK ^BE SVGOH^Vy In 1739 Newton Is Incorporated And Gets The New Name Of Wilmington By JOHN SIKES This is the third of three install ments taken from Andrew J. How ell’s book, “The Book of Wilming ton,” on the beginning of Wilming ton and the Cape Fear country. “Brunswick suffered from many aurricanes, including a severe one in 1761, which also broke through the river to form ‘New Inlet,’ that was to become the chief entrance to the harbor. These destructive ep isodes seemed to have had a dis couraging effect upon the already liminished life of the town and its commercial affairs were gradually transferred to Wilmington. A final storm in September, 1769, all but sounded the funeral dirge of Bruns wick. All through its life the town suffered another misfortune. It was rery unhealthy and one can well imagine the swarms of mosquitoes which must have visited the town with their great infection of ma laria. “It was at Brunswick, or rather at his residence of Russellborough an its outskirts, that Governor Try cn had to face much of the stub born resistance of the people to the Stamp Act. It was from there, also, that he sent a young panther captured nearby to His Majesty ihe King. A lew years after tbe establish ment of Brunswick, thp' is, in 1730, a new town site was located further up the river. It was opposite the confluence of the northwest and northeast branches of the Cape Fear, and was called New Liver pool. The location was on lands which had been granted to John Maultsby. The site had natural ad vantages as a trading post, but the town does not seem to have gotten a good start before another settle ment started a little to the south of it. That is, in 1732 a new one came into existence at the river side near what is now Market street, Wilmington. It was called “New Town," or ‘Newton’, and was located on lands granted to John Watson. Michael Higgins, Joshua Grainger and James Wimble are mentioned as persons laying off the town along with Watson. The name of Newton seems to have absorbed the general situation, although some of the old property deeds de scribe lots to have been ‘in the town of Newton or New Liverpool’. “There is a variation of dates relating to the establishment of the towns of New Liverpool and New ton, as giver, by different histor ians; but the earliest dates men tioned have been given here, and they are probably correct. At any rate, it would be quite impossible to fix definitely at this late period the dates at which trading places which would later develop into towns, had their real beginning. “This was the beginning of Wil mington. “There was an excellent harbor at Newton and good landing places for vessels; and it was easily ac cessible to traders from the plan tations in the interior along the watercourses. Thus it inevitably took over much of the commerce which had theretofore gone to Brunswick. ' “There was a branch, or run, of the river which went diagonally across the town site, and permitted small boats to pass up the stream which is now the northeast corner of Market and Second streets. In time the stream became known as ‘Jacob’s Run', and its origin was near the intersection of Fourth and Princess streets. The mouth of the run afforded good docks for the boats and the street which termin ated nearby became 'Dock street.’ From this point on the river, also, there was established a ferry, i called the ‘Haulover’, for conveying passengers and vehicles to the site of the present village of Navassa (formerly called ‘Meares’ Bluff’) about four miles above the city. This ferry avoided the impassable swamps of Eagles’ island on the west side of the river. ; “At Newton Governor Gabriel I Johnson, the newly - appointed Scotchman who was to head the affairs of the colony for many years, set up his government in 1734; and the next year he estab lished courts for handling the judi cial business of the colony. “The parish of the present coun ty, New Hanover, which was es tablished in the year 1729, and which was soon to include the town of Newton, was called St. James, and Rev. Richard Marsden receives early mention as its recort. There is, however, no formal reference to the parish until 1738. “In 1739 Newton became an in corporated town, but under a new name. This was Wilmington, the name being given in honor of Spen cer Compton, Earl of Wilmington, under whose patronage Governor Johnston received his appointment. The provincial assembly, or legis lature, of North Carolina met there in 1741. “Thus Wilmington came into be ing, and its star began to rise, but at the expense of Brunswick. The two towns had, however, many things in common. There were fam ily connections between their citi zens; and there public men were always in close association in the handling of affairs of general in terest. But rivalries and jealousies j naturally marred the business deal ings of the towns. In 1736, for in stance, there is a reference to the ■jjram Tree’, which stands in the river not far below the present lim its of Wilmington, in which it is said that the raftsmen, or boats men, of Newton refused to carry produce any further than that point towards Brunswick. Yet a ’dram’ was taken at the tree, which was thought to have assuaged the bit terness of the town rivalry and made smooth the arbitrary trans portation agreement.” All God’s Chillun Got Wines , CHAPLAIN FRANK M. THOMPSON All God’s chillun got wings, also shoes, so runs the song. Time was, though, when there were only a iew God’s chillun on the earth. Just a handful. All others were the chil lun of the devil. And nothing could be done about it. You were lost or you were saved. Others contended that rone was God s chillun. All were under con demnation. But here something could be done aboht it. The church could remedy the situation. Happily we have come upon' a tetter day We recognize that God has made of one blood all peoples; that we arc all His offspring; that when we pray, we are to say “Our Father.” What about the wings? Not ex cited. The concern is, have all God’s chillun got shoes, food shelter. They haven’t, and that is very sad, very tragic. President Taft was once asked what he would do if he were out of work, no money and his home in want. He replied, “God only knows, I don’t.” Neither do you know what you would do Now there are enough shoes, enough rood to go around. It i- a matter of those who have an extra loaf, an extra pair of shoes finding those who have none. Simply a matter of thoughtfulness, or kind ness. of following the way of the Master. The question of wings. You re member the perplexity of the re deemed at the final judgment. They were all bewildered until across the sky of their souls flashed these words— “I was hungry and ye gave me meat; I was thirsty and ye gave me drink; naked, and ye clothed me.” Then they understood. Entering heaven was not such a weighty task after all simply, helping those in reed. This is not all the truth but truth enough to furnish the needed inspiration to see, ex pecially at this critical stage in world affairs that all God’s chillun have food, shoes. Bombing Crew Veteran Returns To Home Here After Pacific Service ! _ Staff Sgt. L. Jack Wilson, son of Mr. and Mrs. C. J. Wilson, 3910 Market street road, returned home recently, after being discharged from the Army Air Corps. He served in the 20th Air Force for over two years as a member of bombing crews in the South Facuic. He completed 13 bombing i missions. Wiison wears the Air medal with one oak cluster and two battle S a,rs’ 1,n addition to a presidential unit citation. A Jher£°nt J'°nce claim«d by toe N Y°rk and New HamP Senators Propose Early Meeting Of Big Three WASHINGTON, April 6.—(A>) Senators Connally (D-Tex) and Austin (R-Vt) proposed tonight an early meeting of President Tru man, Prime Minister Attlee and Generalissimo Stalin to settle is sues the lawmakers said can only be decided by the war’s victors Hie chairman of the senate foreign relations committee and one of its republican members agreed in talks prepared for a state department broadcast over NBC that such a meeting in no way would “by-pass” the United Nations in its effort to solve work problems. Nicaragua has the largest area Df any Central American republic. letter box making it clear Tc the Editor: Please make it clear that tae University of North Carolina. pres! is not sponsoring the BulwinkJc bill advertisement. Thirty - two ■ ears ago Governor Craig said tha' just freight rate discrimir.a -,ns were costing North Carolina $4.000' 000,000 yearly. The loss is twice this figure today. John W. Clark Franklin, N. C. April 5, 1946. The above refers to an adver;ise. ment submitted to the Star and an. pearing in the issue of April 3 which did not carry Mr Clark s name but indicated the book “Wal. ter Clark—Fighting Judge is pub. lished by the North Carolina Pres* —The Editor. CORRECTING AN ERROR To the Editor: Please permit me to comer the first sentence in your editorial en titled, “All the Way in One Car '■ Prior to 1930 many trans-ccntinen. tal sleeping cars were operated both via. Chicago and New Orleans I am not familiar with the reason for the discontinuance of this serv ice. However, while on the subject of transportation you overlooked a few underlying facts: nuinari uemgs, especially 1 n e 111 gent Americans, are not only en dowed with a natural transporta tion system, which for short dis tances, is better than any other. Furthermore, this transoortation Utility provided by nature must be constantly exercised and cannot be held dormant for periods of three days so a transfer of stations should be welcomed by it. Further, more our railroads have always provided, in normal times, amply baggage transfer facilities in cities like Chicago, New York, Wilming ton, both North Carolina and Dela ware, etc. Also there are facilities for the transfer of the weak ami invalids. A wheel chair is available ir. our station here. For the be lefit oi the record, pigs are the only livestock which could move on a transcontinental journey without being unloaded. This is due to the fact that their manners permit them to partake of their food from the floor of the car. Other livestock of the higher breeding and man ners must, under legal requirement be unloaded, fed and permitted to roam in a stock pen for five hours after it has traveled thirty - six j hours. The normal freig.it service | from the Pacific to the Atlantic j Coast is eight to nine days, which would mean that livestock, except pigs, would encounter the discom fort of being unloaded and reload ed six or seven times. Certainly, the transportation of human beings cannot be compared with machin ery. grain, and other freight, which moves in its special type of equip- j ment and occupies a whole car- j lead. A shipment of grain, machin- j ery, etc., the size of a human be- | ing, say weighing 200 pounds, j would be transferred many times = in its trans-continental journey. Through sleeping cars have been operated through Kansas City and Minneapolis always. Furtnermore, had the through trans-continental sleeping car service been a pas senger traffic builder, then men like Messrs. Gould, Stanford, Hill etc., overlooked it. Thank God, those men propelled by their self interest no doubt, had the energy • to give our Nation a strong rail- I road system. They made our na- I tion industrially strong, without try- :i ing to change the economic or nat- I ural laws. Parks M. Low Wilmington, N. C. April 5, 1946. Resident Seeks Permit To Dredge, Build Wharf South Of City’s Limits Capt. T. Peders, 1805 Perry ave nue, has made application to 'he U. S. Engineers office here for permission to dredge approximate ly 25,000 cubic yards of materia from the Cape Fear river about j four and one-half miles south of 1 Wilmington and also for permit- t sion to construct a wharf there. | Col. George W. Gillette, distrii engineer, announced yesterday. 1 The wharf, it is understood. v;A -, serve private small craft, ft "13 be located on the east side of 5 river, about 3,000 feet east of the ship channel. Plans showing the proposed 9 work are now on file in the cngi- s neers office here, Col. Gillette i said, and may be viewed on - . quest. Objections, if any, *o fh* j work, from the standpoint of naU' | gation, may be filed until April 13- j Security Council Would Convene Once Every Wo Weeks Under New Rule* NEW YORK, April 6.— (/P,i—Th« United Nations Security Council would meet at least once e''er* two weeks—even in the absence <>• pending business—under a set c" v revised rules unanimous!; reco® mended today by the council s com mittee on experts. The two-week rule was written^ j the committee said in a statemem | accompanying the revision, :0 | carry out the United Nations char; m ter provision that “the security m council shall be so organized as ,, ||S be able to function continuous!.'; | Other modifications related the methods of bringing matte* • J before the council, credentials o council members and the mann* of handling communications f'° Private individuals and non-gover mental bodies.