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The Wilmington morning star. [volume] (Wilmington, N.C.) 1909-1990, May 01, 1946, Image 4

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn78002169/1946-05-01/ed-1/seq-4/

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morning §tar
Nortii Carolina s Oldest Daily Newspaper
published Daily Except Sunday
By The Wilmington Star-News
R. B. Page, Publisher_
Telephone All Departments 2-3311
Entered as Second Class Matter at filming
ton. N C„ Postoffice Under Act of Congress
ol March 3. 1879
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MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS
AND ALSO SERVED BY THE UNITED PRESS
WEDNESDAY, MAY 1, 1946 .
Free The women
Very little public attention was given
an act of the 1945 General Assembly
providing that North Carolina women
might legally sit on juries, and have
equal rights with men to “life, liberty
and the pursuit of happiness.” But the
act will come before the voters of the
state in next November’s election, in
the form of an amendment to the state
Constitution by which the word “man”
would be changed to “person” wherev er
it appears in that document.
By a strict interpretation of the Con
stitution women in North Carolina do
not possess freedom of worship, free
dom of speech or freedom of assembly.
We pity the iijan or men who would
deny them these rights, but the fact
remains that they are guaranteed only
to men, which is an acknowledged in
justice particularly as for the most
part men ignore the first, are no match
for the women in the second, and prac
tice the third only under compulsion.
The amendment ought to be approv
ed and once in effect should find the
women as willing to do jury duty, an
onorous task at best, as enjoy the
other freedoms to which they will gain
constitutional right for the first time.
Mortal Inconsistancy
Alexander Kipnis, Metropolitan star
who closed the current Concert Asso
ciation season last night, was telling a
few companions of his experience in an
effort to lease an apartment in New
York City for the opera season. It is
worth passing on as reflecting the in
consistency of humanity in general.
Reading the lease, Mr. Kipnis noted
no musician might be the tenant. The
idea was that long hours of practicing
would disturb the peace of fellow ten
ants, and that would never do. He
asked the agent if other tenants were
permitted to use their radios when
they wished, and if there was any rule
as to the tone volume, to which the
agent replied there was no restriction
on radios either as to hours or the
racket they made.
Soap opera, Hill Billy programs,
name bands, even symphony concerts,
if any tenant has a pencr nt for them,
could go full blast at any time. But no
musician might dwell under that roof.
As we said, the episode is retold
merely to point out mortal inconsis
tance. The reader may draw his own
conclusion.
Philippine Situation
The Philippine Islands, facing in
dependence at a most difficult time,
must take up the burden under the
guidance of an untried and little known
leader. Sergio Osmena, a conservative,
very old but keen in judgment, con
cedes his opponent in the recent presi
dential election, Manuel Roxas, has
defeated him.
Inexperienced in government and
juick on the trigger in making deci
sions, his assumption of the presidency
is viewed, if not with alarm at least
wi^h apprehension, in some American
quarters, especially as he will not have
the council of a keen mind and strong
personality in the United States repre
sentative at Manila, Paul V. McNutt.
Impoverished by war, its capital all
but destroyed, its provinces disrupted
by factional discord and their hordes
emaciated by hunger, the new presi
dent will need the wisdom of Solomon
to lead the island people in the troubled
years ahead back to well-ordered living
and harmony and particularly to self
sufficiency through thrift.
He promises many reforms. He is
chiefly concerned for rehabilitation. It
is to be hoped that the liberalism he
has adopted and on which he based
his campaign does not become con
fused in his mind with license.
Treaties In The Offing
Drafts of treaties drawn up last
February for Germany and Japan and
submitted to Great Britain, Russia, and
France in the case of Japan to China,
have been disclosed in abstract form by
Secretary of State Byrnes at a press con
ference following prolonged discussion
at a meeting of the Foreign Ministers
in Paris
There is nothing, however, to indi
cate that action on them will be taken
soon. There are too many other prob
lems to be solved, too much unrest in
the world, too much suspicion between
governments, to warrant more than
searching study of the proposals and,
hopefully, a “meeting of minds,” from
which world peace might emerge.
It is understood that Great Britain
is in agreement with the United States
on the broad principles involved and
that both reserve the right to discuss
details later on. It is also said that Rus
sia has expressed “some objection” to
the treaty for Germany, but also would
be willing to discuss it. This is hearten
ing, but only to the extent that whereas
Russia has balked over details of inter
national proposals it may now have
decided to fall in line with its Allies,
instead of walking out on them in
opinion and viewpoint when differ
ences arise.
Mr. Byrnes told the reporters that
the treaty as now drafted calls for a
twentv-five-year disarmament program
for Germany. He explained to both
Mr. Molotov and Mr. Bevin that the
United States has realized its failure to
take the lead for peace with Germany
after the former World War was a
grievous mistake and encouraged the
Germans to rearm for the war recently
ended. For this reason, he said, the
United States is assuming leadership
in the peace effort now
As the greatest world power it is
right and proper for it to do this, and
make its voice the prevailing influence.
In behalf of the twenty-five-year dis
arming program it may be said that
a new generation will have taken over
I in German domestic affairs, and that
if the occupying powers exercise sound
judgment, provide adequate aid in re
lieving suffering and guidance in re
habilitation, the nation should be ready
to take an honorable place in the world
when the quarter century has passed.
I
Stassen’s Loose Speech
| #
Harold E. Stassen, former governor
of Minnesota, formar naval officer,
and an appointee of President Roose
velt to the San Francisco Security
Council, has been looked upon as an
able leader who might lead the Re
publican party to victory in the 1948
presidential election and the American
people relief from lingering follies of
the new deal. It is unfortunate, there
fore, for those who have looked upon him
as a new Moses that he repeatedly
gives utterance to banal declarations
which have no significance.
Thus, in discussing the administra
tion’s action in the international food
crisis, at a public affairs conference in
a small Illinois college, we read that
he not only declared the program “con
fused and inadequate,” but urged an
immediate return to the “principles for
which America stands.”
In the present sorry economic and
political situation in the United States,
who can define the principles for which
the country stands? Do they stem
from labor unionism? Are they based
on crippling industrial strikes? Is the
CIO their author, or possibly the AFL1
Or is it the OPA?
If Mr. Stassen had suggested thal
I
we get back to strictly constitutional
government and the Bill of Rights he
would have voiced a manifest need. As
it is, his generality has no meaning.
Fair Enough
By WESTBROOK PEGGER
(Copyright, 1946, By King Features Syndicate,
Inc.)
Public opinion on the matter of “caste” In
the American Army will be malformed if the
people do not take into Consideration the fact
that the corps of officers live by and,, gen
erally live up to, the finest, most idealistic
and rigid code of honor and duty that exists
in our society. This sweeping endorsement ef
the officers’ code, which is passed on from
class to class at West Point, and with which
the professional officer class is thoroughly im
bued early in manhood, does not except the
clergy, as a whole profession, and certainly
not politics, journalism, the law, the judiciary
or Congress or other elective office up to the
presidency. Not all our professional or career
officers are West Pointers but most of them
understand, cherish and live by the code. And,
of Course, not all West Pointers are able,
throughout life, to live up to it, but neverthe
less the average conduct of these men is com
parably superior to that of any other group
considered as a profession Or trade.
During this war, when the West Pointers
were relatively rare, the standard was bound
to decline. This fine morality was diluted and
polluted. Men were given commissions who, in
civil life, had clearly indicated that they
could be relied on to exploit power and op
portunity for personal advantage and did.
Politics intruded and good men were placed
in false positions. We may easily say that
the officer who authorized the use of space
on an Army plane to fly Elliott Roosevelt’s
savage dog from Washington to California
should have been court-martialed, but the
first offense lay in the personal request from
the White House which was an outrage
against the code. The office’, should have
had the courage, the honor as they would call
it at the military academy, to refuse to issue
this priority. But had he refused, of course,
he would have had excellent reason to expect
painful, indirect and unofficial punishment
for lese majeste. His family, if any, would
have shared his distress because army fam
ilies live in the hope of promotion and pay
and the gradually more generous terms of
life in proportion to rank.
It is indecent to put an officer on such a
spot but that is politics for you and an illus
tration of the sordidness of the political
code by comparison with that of West Point.
During their cadet years many of the men
are insufferable little snobs growing more so
when they rise to the first class in the fourth
year when they persecute their inferiors, rub
bing in the discipline which smacks of haz
ing in revenge for their own sufferings. But
there is no man humbler or less privileged in
the Army than a new West Pointer v/ho goes
out as a second lieutenant to join his outfit.
He has to prove himself not only to the older
officers of his regiment and mess but often,
by physical combat, to his men. It is not rare
that a new shave-tail arranges to meet some
sergeant in a quiet spot, unattended, and
fight out some dispute with his fists.
At West Point, cadets are required by honor
to report themselves for punishment for in
fractions of rules and discipline even though
nobody else may known even that the offense
was committed. They frequently do. An old
officer friend of mine who came from the
ranks in the first war, but became a thorough
West Pointer at heart, finally rose to the
rank of coined in the second war. He was too
old for a combat command but they did give
him an overseas assignment, which was better
than desk work in Washington or duty on some
post at home. He was terribly disappointed,
after all his years of faithful work and study,
to be denied the chance to fight an enemy in
command of a regiment. In his foreign as
signment he violated instructions uninten
tionally.
It was a stupid act but there were no harm
ful consequences. Nevertheless, as soon as he
realized what he had done, he reported him
self. He was relieved and demoted to lieuten
ant-Colonel.
There were impositions on enlisted soldiers
during ine late war and West Pointers un
doubtedly were guilty in many cases. Some
of our generals were over-ranked and we had
colonels who really had not advanced profes
sionally beyond the rank of captain. However,
if the West Point code had been observed
scrupulously these abuses would not have hap
pened. And remember, the West Pointer had
seen terrible abuses of political influence and
disgraceful favoritism.
The American corps of officers must have
been better than the professional Germans
and Japanese, generally regarded therefore
as the best in the world, because our side
won. We produced superb generals who did
this with far fewer casualties than the nation
grimly expected and, for reward, we now
hear a flippant ex-sergeant telling a con
gressional committee that our generals ought
to shine their own shoes. Does any executive
in civil life do this? Even oifice boys don’t
shine their own.
The pay is miserable in this “caste” and
patriotism is the motive of most of the men
and their families. If the ethics of our poli
tics and, especially the ethics that Roosevelt
and Truman brought to the White House, ever
should pervade the Army the whole organiza
tion would dissolve into a tragic mess of
greed, lying, chicanery, privilege and graft.
Every decent man who is willing to consider
Roosevelt’s personal record and Truman’s past
history in Kansas City knows this.
Abolish the "caste” system, make generals
shine their own shoes, make career men eat
with short - term enlisted or drafted soldiers
throughout their lives in the Army and you
will have neither generals nor officers at all
but low demagogs and no Army but a rabble.
Why should any salf-respecting ambitious
man choose that career? No intelligent Ameri
can man would want to serve in such a force
and the refusal would be so general that Con
gress would have to restore the old system or
most of it for the safety of the enlisted people
and the country.
QUOTATIONS
Our military power is a factor toward keep
ing the peace, and keeping the (Pacific) bases
would not constitute a throat to any other
power.—AdmI. Harry E. Yarnell, retired, form
er Asiatic Fleet commander.
* * *
If we cease to be inferiors he (the foreigner)
cannot be ou? superior.—Mohandas K. Gandhi.
GETTING JOHN BULL BACK ON HIS FEET AGAIN
THIS?
i
(
Planked Shad Dinners Are Something
That Few Besides Cape Fearians Know
By JOHN SIKES
A couple of months ago a couple
of friends of mine tished-tished
because it was my wont to stick
in an item here and there aboul
food I liked, mainly turnip greens.
Because they tished-tished I go!
plumb-down stubborn and refused
to reveal any culinary secrets 1
knew.
It was a sort of rule I was deter
mined to keep. Heck with ’em, 1
decided; I just wouldn’t tell any
body about my eatings.
Okay, as the boys say. Now, 1
find myself confronted with a
situation I can’t ignore. I’ve go1
to tell you about a planked shad
dinner I went on las* night.
In connection with a business
trip up and down the Cape Fear,
the employes of the United States
Engineers here dreamed up a
dinner that was completely out oi
this world. I never know whether
I’m getting my facts straight or
not, but in mulling around I learn
ed that Col. George Gillette, the
gentleman who actually looks like
a Colonel, found out how to cook
shad in what I have come to be
lieve is the only way to cook shad.
So, let’s figure out how Colonel
Gillette cooked these fish. All
right. In the first place you take
these shad, which have been frozer
for two or three weeks, and you
fillet them. Which is to say that
you slive the meat off the back
bone on one side and then the
other.
Then, my good culinary friends,
you take each one of the “slives”
and nail it up on an oaken board,
and then you dig a pit down in the
center of a situation, and on either
side of this situation you stand
the oaken board, laden with shad,
up. Then you get yourself some
Religion
Day By Day
By WILLIAM T. ELLIS
A BANKER’S LETTER
From a personal letter written
me by a friend, a banker, I quote
this paragraph:
“We are out of the war, but into
the world revolution. I am opti
mistic enough to feel that the sun
is going to shine, and continue to
Shine. - .
“The quicker all of us kneel at
the communion table more fre
quently, and sit less at the confer
ence table, will we make the kind
of world you and I want.”
This letter is but a little straw
in a big wind. Newspaper editors
business men, public officials and
people in general are seeing and
saying that the only remedy for
our sick times is spiritual. We
must follow the Leader who has
shown the Way. Every person who
takes Christ for a Master is a
definite force for world order and
world peace.
One’s own personal life is the
first and best contribution to the
settlement of our troubled times.
My banker friend is right: at the
table of the Lord’s Simper we find
unity and power.
In deepest consciousness of the
day’s need for consecrated per
sonalities, we bow in supplication
before Thee, our Heavenly Father,
praying that we may be true to
our times, and to Thee. Amen.
oak chips—could be hickory—and
start yourself a fire. But you don’1
want the fire to be too hot. There
fore. you try to keep the fire dowr
to embers as if you were barbecu
ing a pig, and you let them jusl
sort of brew the goodness out ol
the fish.
Naturally, you’re standing
around looking at these fish being
cooked. Naturally, you get hungrier
as you stand around. Sooner or
later, however, some of the Colo
nel's people come around and say,
“Will you have some planked
shad?’’ By this time you are just
happy to be living. And you say
nothing. You are so doggone glad
to be included among those who
are eating the Colonel’s shad.
It was a happy finding to me
that Colonel Gillette’s employes
figured out the way to cook these
shad. He has some outstanding
cooks.
What interested me most was the
fact that here is a way to cook
shad that would satisfy even those
of us who think we know some
thing about cooking fish
Moreover, it was nice to know
that the Colonel had employes who
knew their stuff well enough to
save up a lot of shad from way
back yonder during the shad sea
McKenney On
BRIDGE
BY WILLIAM E. McKENNY
America’s Card Authority
Here is a problem band that I
, received from Bud Benjamin of
I New York, who said that it was
published in the Cleveland Press
some time ago but no solution was
given. It is an unusual hand and
I liked Mr. Benjamin’s solution.
North trumps the opening heart
lead and South under-trumps it.
: The deuce of spades is led and the
I eight-spot finessed. The ace of
spades is cashed a diamond led
to the ace and the king of diamonds
led, East refusing to trump and
discarding a heirt.
Declarer then leads the four of
diamonds from dummy and trumps
with the nine of spades. He goes
over to dummy with the ace of
, clubs and leads three more rounds
1 of diamonds, discarding the seven
and eight of clubs from his own
hand and trumping the last of the
■ three with the ter of spades.
So’ th *hen o=>she-. dummy’s king
of clubs and leads the four of
| clubs, which East has to trump
with the seven ot spades. South
over-trumps with the jack and
wins the last trick with the spade
king.
' Perhaps you will have a differ
ent solution for this hand.
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son and have them for those of
us who were shad-hungry.
So far as I’m concerned the
Colonel may have one of these
shad dinners any night—spring,
summer, or fall—and I will per
sonally guarantee him a gather
ing.
BUSY AS BUSY
Betty Bell, writing from Wash
ington the "Under the Dome" col
umn in last Sunday’s Raleigh
News and Observer, tells that Rep.
J. Bayard Clark of this 7th N. C.
district is "on the spot" under “an
avalanche of congressional duties
all at once.” She goes on to enum
erate:
First is the decision of the house
rules committe, of which Clark is
a ranking member, to conduct an
investigation into lobbying. This
may turn out to be the hottest polit
ical potato since the congressional
Pearl Harbor investigation, be
cause Republicans plan to turn 11
into a weapon against the Office
i of Price Control’s drive for price
I control renewal.
Second, Clark has been named 1c
a rules subcommittee to investigate
charges by Msgr. Fulton J. Sheen
that a Communist agent is in the
employ of a house committee.
Third, the Pearl Harbor investi
gating committee, which kept him
busy for tour tedious months, has
decided to reopen hearings nexl
week.
Fourth, Clark must fight for
house approval of a $1,400,000 ap
propriation for deepening the Cape
Fear river around Wilmington, w
his district.
The appropriation for the Wil
mington work, disapproved by the
Budget bureau and then refused by
the house, was rdded to the War
department civil tunctions appro
priations bill by a more generous
senate. It is now up to Clark to
get the project through.
On top of it all, the Seventh dis
trict congressman has to find time
to go back home and persuade his
people to return him to Congress.
Well, life is just one thing after
another, but the life of Rep. Clark
seems now to be some hali-a-dozen
or more things after another. Mr.
Clark isn’t complaining, though, He
says he believes in opposition, al
so believes that members of Con
gress should not be elected for
longer than two years. They are
about the only federal officials
upon whom the people have a good
strong grip that may be frequent
ly used. Any election may change
everything in Washi-gton. During
the past 18 years the house has
changed from Republican to Demo
cratic majority.
Mr. Clark has opposition for the
nomination this year by W. S. Britt
of Lumberton and it will be an
interesting contest. — The Robe
sonian, Lumberton.
MEETING
LANDIS, April 30 — (Jf>) — The
southern synod of the Evangelical
and Reformed church opened a
three-day spring meeting here
Tuesday. Matters to be considered
included a pending proposal for
merger of the denomination’s gen
eral synod with'the general council
of Congregational Christian
churches
Doctor Says—
GERMAN MEASLES
PERIL 10 UNBORN
By WILLIAM A. O’BRIEN M o
All young children are susceoti
ble to German measles (rubella'
and young adults may acquire th*
infection if they missed it in child
hood. In the last few years it ha*
been learned that it may cause
serious complications in the infant
in the early part of pregnancy
When expectant mothers acquire
German measles auring the first'
two months of pregnancy, their
babies may be affected. Children
born under such circumstance*
may have ca'aracts of the Ids
of the eye, imperfect development
of the heart, deafness, and mental
deficiency.
The probable explanation for this
unusual complication is an infec
tion of the developing babv as the
same virus affects Himes in a dif
ferent way, depending on the sta=e
of development.
Usually no special treatment is
recommended for German mea
sles, but in the case of an ex
posed pregnant woman, it is ad
visible to give gammaglobulin as
a preventive measure.
German measles, while similar
in some respects to measles, is
caused by a separate virus. In
fection does not develop in sus
ceptible persons until two or three
weeks after exposure.
German measles may start with
out any warning signs and run a
short, uncomplicated course. But
some patients first have sore
throat.
The disease is usually spread by
direct contact. Cases are reported
from January to June, with most
infection* in May.
Apparently, children who have
had measles are more liable to
develop German measles. One at
tack usually confers immunity for
life.
The rash of German measles re
sembles those of regular measles
and scarlet fever. It starts as
small, round, or cval spots on the
face or neck, around the mouth,
back of the ears on the scalp, or
the skin of the body. The rash
quickly spreads over the entire
body, and in a day or two it be
gins to fade.
German measles is distinguished
from measles by the absence of
inflammation in the mouth.
Patients with German measles
should be put tc bed for a day
or so, and fed liberally. Their eyes
should be protected from excessive
glare.
The patient’s temperature may
reach 101 degrees F., but this sel
dom lasts more than two or three
days.
Swollen glands are commonly
present. They enlarge to the size
of a pea, and are hard and tender.
They never break down and dis
charge pus, as often happens tn
other infections.
The Literary
Guidepost
By J. M, ROBERTS, JR. .
MY THREE YEARS WITH EIS
ENHOWER, by rant. Harry
C. Butcher, tSNR (Simon &
Schuster; So).
On June 5, 1944 at his head
quarters in England, Dwight Eis
enhower, doubtful about the
weather, gave the order for the
all-out Allied invasion of German
held Europe. Then he sat down
and wrote a note:
“Our landings in the Cherbourg
Havre area have failed to gain a
satisfactory foothold and 1 have
withdrawn the troops. My decision
to attack at this time and place
was based upon the best infor
mation available. The troops, the
air. and the Navy did all that
bravery and devotion to duty could
do. If any blame or fault attaches
to the attempt it is mine alone.”
The note went into his wallet,
to be produced on a "when, as
and if” basis. When it did come
out on July 11 it was only as e
souvenir for C'apt. Harry Butcher,
the naval aide who accompanied
Eisenhower. The general then re
vealed that he had been in the
habit, all during the war. of writ
ing such notes before each major
operation.
Such incidents are typical of
those with which Butcher, as
signed from the very beginning !'
keen a diary of what went on at
SHAEF, has filled out his 900
small-type pages.
While it is a picture o' war, it
'is primarily a biography of Eisec
hower’s three big years: How
welded together the arms a'd
armies of several nations to ac
complish a single aim—destroy tee
Wehrmacht; how he was burdened
with politics as well as battle
plans; how he compromised w: 1
a bunch of French politicians, but
proved more stubborn than Wins
ton Churchill.
Just before the African invasion,
Eisenhower was all upset over a
published report that he was co
ing home for consultations
Washington w h e r, actually he
would soon be at Gibraltar. These
was a considerable stir at SHAE1.
But no mention is made of tn?
Office of War Information m
Washington, which put out tbs
story with the idea that it was
cleverly leading the Germans
astray.
Butcher’s book is news only in
a very few spots. As for why and
how the news was made, and a
human picture of the men who
made it, it stands alone among the
books of World War 1L
1

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