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Wonting &tar Norm Carolina s Oldest Daily Newspaper Published Daily Except Sunday By The Wilmington Star-News R. B. Page, Publisher _ Telephone All Departments 2-3311 Entered as Second Class Matter at Wilming ton N. C., Postoflice Under Act of Congress of March 3, 1879 SUBSCRIPTION RATES BY CARRIER IN NEW HANOVER COUNTY Payable Weekly or in Advance Combi Time Star New.! nation 1 Week.— $ -30 $ -25 $ .50 1 Month . 1-30 1.10 2.15 3 Months.— 3.90 3.25 6.50 6 Months . 7.80 6.50 13.00 X year . — 15-60 13.00 26.00 (Above rates entitle subscriber to Sunday issue of Star-News) " SINGLE COPY Wilmington News .— 5c Morning Star ... 5c Sunday Star-News .. 10c By Mail: Payable Strictly in Advance 3 Months - $2.50 $2.00 $3.85 6 Months . 5.00 4.00 7.70 1 Year. 10.00 8.00 15.40 (Above rates entitle subscriber to Sunday issue of Star-news) WILMINGTON STAR (Daily Without Sunday) 3 Months—$1.85 6 Months—$3.70 1 Year—$7.40 When remitting by mail please use check or U. S. P. 0. money order. The Star-News can not be responsible for currency sent through the mails. MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS AND ALSO SERVED BY THE UNITED PRESS FRIDAY, MAY 17, 1946 TOP O’ THE MORNING We only see a little of the ocean A few miles distant from the rocky shore; But, oh! out there beyond-beyond the eye’s horizon There’s more-there's more! We only see a little of God's loving, A few rich treasures from His mighty store: / But, oh! out there beyond-beyond the life’s horizon There’s more-there’s more! Census And The Bonds The official enumeration by the cen sus Bureau shows the present popula tion of Wilmington to be 47,483. In 1940 it was 33,407. Thus the gain is 14,076, with the largest portion repre-| sented by the suburbs annexed in last | November’s election. The exact figure is not available at the moment but the new areas have added approximately 8,000 residents, with the old city show ing an increase of some 6,076. The hope was that the total shown in this mid-decade enumeration would top 50,000, and if the Census Bureau had been called in earlier it would have done so. But because the actual count just announced represents permanent residents, save for inevitable removals which in turn will be more than offset by arrivals, and a previous count would have included many transients, it is to Wilmington’s advantage to show a total not liable to fluctuate, especially downward. Furthermore, the metro politan area, served by Wilmington contains well over the desired 50,000. Aside from this, and the benefits Wilmington will gain through its popu lation reclassificaton, it is important at this time to recognize the obligation accepted by the city when the suburbs were invited to come within the munic ipal boundaries. This recognition rests with equal emphasis upon the new and old residents alike. The city made pledges to the sub urban residents to extend services to them previously enjoyed only by the people within the old city. In order to make these pledges good it is necessary j for the voters in both areas to support a bond issue which will be before the public in an election on May 29. Unless the bonds are supported by the majori ty at the ballot boxes on that occasion, former suburbanites will have to wait until in the fullness of time another poll can be taken. It is inconceivable that any consider : able opposition should exist. It would be to the credit of the city as a whole if the bonds are overwhelmingly fav ored. Remedy Available Attorney General Tom C. Clark says federal judges are underpaid. The gov ernment, he told a lawyers’ talkfest in the form of an annual dinner of the Westchester Bar Association, in New York City, is losing prestige,'effective ness and large sums of money through a “penny-wise” salary policy of the fed eral judiciary. He compared the $20,500 salary of the nation’s Chief Justice with the 10, 000 pounds paid the Lord Chancellor in England, and said he was sure the A American people did not wish such “sacrifices” from their public servants. If it is as bad as that, why don’t the judges organize a union? Still No Meat Some time ago the Chamber of Com merce and other organizations were urged to write the North Carolina Sen ators asking them to see what could be done to get a little meat into butch ers’ show cases. Paul A. Porter, ad ministrator of the OPA, made a lengthy explanation of the situation by mail to Senator Bailey. A copy of his letter has found its way to this department. In it—and this is interest ing_he carefully avoids direct refer ence to black markets. His adroitness is remarkable, but he does not conceal the fact that cattle have been diverted from legitimate channels. He writes, in part: “With the suspension ot rationing, the effective demand for meats, par ticularly beef, has increased materially. Although the requirements of the armed services and for relief in war torn countries are not as great as in 1944 and 1945, those needs have a significant effect on the meat supply available for domestic consumption. With a much larger portion of our pop ulation able financially to improve their eating habits, many small slaughterers, retailers, restaurants and others have entered the livestock markets with the desire to capitalize on this almost limit less demand. Because of their disregard for or ignorance of the regulations, they have bid up the prices to the ex tent that the regular slaughterers can not compete and stay within the regula tions at the same time. Consequently, a large portion of the cattle supply has been diverted from normal channels.” That is to say, it has found its way into the black market. Mr. Porter’s explanation shows something wrong in the organization he heads.. It is clear that the OPA has fallen -doyim again, apparently in not giving cattlemen a ceiling price that will permit them a fair profit on their stock and has driven them into the black market where they can make a profit. In the meantime, Wilmington butch ers stand behind empty cases and house wives for the most part either return from their marketing expeditions with out meat or pay exhorbitant prices for poor cuts of low quality meat. Care Of The Needy An examination of the facts pertain ing to North Carolina and, specifically, New Hanover County relief for the indigent aged, the blind, and dependent children reveal this: Old age grants are lowest in the nation, except in Kentucky and Georgia. Grants to the blind are lowest except in Alabama, Georgia, Ken tucky and Virginia. Aid to dependent children is low est except in Kentucky, Texas and South Carolina. The deplorable situat on is due to the lack of legislation providing for matching available federal funds. The federal government has earmarked money to equal state money in the amount of $20 monthly for old persons and the blind,. $18 a month for the first dependent child and $12 apiece for each additional child. As the state though proper legislative act has fail ed to match these figures, the pensions of aged persons in New Hanover county on the average are $18.70 a month and for the blind and dependent children in proportion. This, instead of $40 month, shared equally between the federal government and the State. One result is the small amount paid some of the old folk in the county is not enough to keep body and soul to gether, and the difference has to be made up by the associated charities, or from other public sources, and the money thus devoted comes from the taxpayers, whereas the federal gov ernment has appropriated ample money to meet its share and would do so as soon as the state came across with its share. Obviously there is need for cor rective legislation at the next session. Zadok Dumkopi says the mine troubles would be over if government, operators, and union got to-ether on some sort of coal-ition arrangement. A raw onion sandwich is said to be very healthful. At last, it will keep one out of crowds during the influenza season. Fair Enough By WESTBROOK PEGLER (Copyright, 1946, by King Features Syndicate, Inc.) My colleague, Frank Graham, who writes sports for the New York Journal-American, found himself at loss in a recent ess_gy con cerning a fight on the nite-before-Derby in Louisville some 15 years ago, or more. These night-before-Derby contests often were brazen mockeries in which champions of the various divisions would engage to meet harmless journeymen or trusted friends with the distinct understanding that no bodily harm be done that couldn’t be repaired by a dab of collodion or a patch of plaster, thus the champion and his party would receive transportation to the Kentucky Derby, quarters, expenses and a few thousand dollars for betting purposes and his opponent and the promoters would prosper in proportion. The iigm tnat Mr. Graham had in mind was one between Mickey Walker, who then was middleweight champion oi the world, and a strong, ambitious young man of Polish extrac tion, from the same general region of New Jersey that Walker came from, named Paul SwidersKi, Jack Kearns was Walker’s manager and there was a temperamental affinity be tween them. Both were reckless and extrava gant and both took pleasure in late hours and alcoholic beverages. Swiderski’s manager was Harry Lenny, a large, muscular man who was the equal of Kearns in nerve but a little sluggish by comparison in critical moments. Walker climbed into the ring behind an enormous abdomen acquired in the ale-rooms of Chicago where he and Kearns and Teddy Hayes had spent the winter and soon after the opening bell, Swiderski pumped several tremendous blows into this yielding mass which wobbled like a bladder and gurgled like a hot water bottle. After give or six of these he whipped a left to Walker’s chin and Mickey went down, completely out. This was entirely irregular and unconventional as there was an unwritten law in all the articles of night-before Derby contests that champions were to be respected with the proviso, however, that if these trials pleased the patrons, the champions might condescend to meet the challawgers again in Chicago or New York, in earnest and for more substantial money. When W’aLker went down within the first minute of the first round it was obvious that even if he- could get up by the count of nine he would be helpless and that Swiderski could finish him in the remaining two minutes and take his title. The crowd came up, roaring and at that instant the bell rang and Mr. Hayes, leaping into the ring from Walker’s comer, ran straight across the fallen heap of Mr. Wal ker and hit Mr. Lenny a smack on the nose, Mr. Lenny having hopped in from the opposite angle to protest about skuldruggery at the bell which deprived his slasher of his kill. Meanwhile, Mr. Kearns, who had raced arcund the ring and reached over the time keeper’s shoulder to bang the gong with a soft drink bottle, had returned to the steps and was now in the ring dragging Mr. Walker back to thu stool. Mr. Lenny grabbed Mr. Hayes and they were exchanging furious if awkward lefts and rights to the face and body and highly op probrious remarks when young Swiderski jumped in to take part and Kearns, leaving Walker lolling in the angle of the ropes, sailed out to prolong the brawl and his champion’s respite by engaging Lenny, Swiderski and several uniformed policemen who were trying to break it up. I forget what the referee was doing and who he was. If Lenny and Swiderski had been as alert ns Kearns and Hayes they would have refused to be drawn into this disorder but their anger was up and Jiey played 10 Mr. Kearns’ strate gy with the result that, between struggling and then disputing over the heads of the cops in midring, they gave Walker about 15 minutes to recover. The fight was resumed as of round two and, under the no-decision rule, Walker held his championship by standing off Swider ski to the end of the tenth. Long afterward, in Washington, I came upon Mr. Hayes, himself an old middleweight figh ter who had carried Jack Dempsey’s bucket during the years when Kearns handled Demp sey. He was then married to a pretty movie actress and Vaudeville dancer named Lina Basquette. Miss Basquette was playing a Wash ington theatre and after the show we went to O’Donnell’s fish place where reminiscences naturally led to the night-before-Derby in Louisville. "Yes,” Mr. Hayes began to say, "That was a very exciting contest—,” when Miss Bas quette broke in with, “oh, was that the time you put the roll of nickels in his glove?” “Oh, no, honey,” Mr. Hayes said. "That must have been somebody else. But we were very indignant at the unethical conduct of Swiderski and Lenny and refused to box them ever again. Their short-sightedness cost them a lot of money.” Mr. Hayes seems to have been a man of destiny for, after Walker wore out and re tired, and Kearns, always a spendthrift, went broke, we began to hear of a Theodore Hayes, United States Commissioner at the New York World Fair. Our Teddy had attached himself to Ed Flynn, of the Bronx, whose status in New Deal poli tics hardly needs to be told and, from the role of personal companion or attendant, progres sed to that of commissioner of the fair, then organizer of the young Republicans for Roose velt on a roving assignment for the Democratic party. When I last saw him, he was executive of a prosperous company manufacturing muni tions of war, with headquarters in Washington. Incredulous at first, I long since came to believe that Mr. Hayes actually was a man of weight among our rulers in the party of hu manity. He seemed rich. Hayes and Kearns had broken with Demp sey over Dempsey’s marriage to Estelle Tay lor, of whom they were apprehensive and jealous, anticipating that a wife would corne between a fabulous meal-ticket and his depen dant staff. For Hayes, this was just as well, for he is abstemious, ambitious and alert to opportunities and went upward and onward. Kearns, who spent and gave away a million, never yet finding another Dempsey or Walker, has fallen on melancholy days and was once heard of selling cemetery lots in California. Within the last year he even had some diffi culty in the federal court involving an invest ment client and a lady fortune teller which, I am happy to hear, resulted in an acquittal. Wooden bumpers on some of the new motor cars offer a new hazard to the lowly pedes trian who now must be< on the lookout for splinters. If the strike continues much longer, Grand pappy Jenkins says folk would rent out their coal bins to roomers to ease the housing short age. “LOCO” WEED United States Program For Control Of Atomic Energy Under Close Review WASHINGTON, May 16. — (U.R>— The State department’s program for world cooperation in the con trol of atomic energy is being sub jected to close review in an effort to hammer out U. S. policy before the first meeting of the United Na tions Atomic Energy commission, it was revealed Thursday night. Members of the Senate Atomic Energy committee pointed out aft er a two-hour closed session with Undersecretary of State Dean Acheson that the plan for world control in no wise can be consid ered definitely adopted U. S. atom ic policy at this time. They said that 'he program, drafted by a special committee which David E. Lilienthal, chair man of the Tennessee Valley auth ority> headed, has not yet been ap proved as U. S. policy by President Truman, Secretary of State James F. Byrnes or Bernard M. Baruch, U. S. member of the U. N. Atomic Energy commission. Baruch will open exploratory Religion Day By Day By WILLIAM T. ELLIS IT WITHSTOOD THE STORM A Baptist chaplain, Thomas M. Hunter, serving in Korea, was so impressed by what he found when the Americans entered “The Her mit Kingdom,” that he sat down and wrote a letter about it to the Southern Presbyterian Mission Board. He and his men were sta tioned in the section of Korea that had been a Presbyterian Mission field. “Everywhere I go I see marvel ous results of your work here. The Chaplains as well as all the troops were amazed to see Christianity so well developed here. In fact it seems to be already indigenous. The Japanese suppressed Chris tianity, but it is still the most ac tive, vital, and I believe the most numerous religion here. “In Andong (Presbyterian U. S. A.) the church is usually packed with about 500 people for every service. I have had the privilege of preaching there with a Korean doctor as an interpreter.” “The church gave a Christmas play and concert for our troops. They have one of the finest choirs I have ever heard. My G.I. choir sang a few numbers for them and then, in closing, both of the choirs sang ‘Oh Come All Ye Faith ful’ together in English and Korean In perfect harmony, Americans and Koreans sang the praises of God. That really gave me a thrill. I believe Christianity is beginning its greatest period of progress in Korea now.” S>o the Church in Korea has weathered the long and fierce storm of Japanese pagan persecution, and we may expect it to become a cen ter of influence in the Far East If I know those Korean Christians as I think I do, they will soon be sending missionaries to JaDan China. y ana For the Church in Korea today and for the Church in all 01^060 .turies, that has come victorlon* Perseclt,„n °“: give thanks to Th«>» w7 • • conversations with State depart ment officials Friday in an effort to more closely define American policy matters before Baruch meets with other United Nations representatives in an effort to for mulate the world program. The senate committee, which planned several weeks ago to con duct open hearings on the Lilien thal program, has delayed the move at the request of the State department. Chairman Brien Mc Mahon, D., Conn, said no date has been set yet. One committee member said that developments such as the stale mated Big Four Foreign Ministers conference at Paris have been a factor in the review of policy. Another said that some scientists privately have expressed grave doubts as to the practicability of denaturing plutonium and U-235, making those atomic materials un fit for use as explosives, but re taining their value as a source of power. If denaturing fails, this mem ber observed, full dependence must be placed on “political” relations between nations for atomic con trol. This, he contended, would not be easy at the present stage of big nation relationships. another member said that no commitments can be made un til Baruch’s position has been clari fied. He pointed out that policy cannot be announced until Baruch’s approval has been obtained, since negotiations must be conducted by him. President Truman disclosed at STAR Dust last laugh The late C. Osborne Ward, a valued employe of the U. S. De partment of Labor, was so con scientious that wheii placed on field work he refused to accept the customary allowance of $3 day “in lieu of subsistence,” and asked to be permitted to collect only his actual expense which he as sured the Department would be much less than $3 a day. In his travels. Ward often avoid ed buying meals and half starved himself by living on luncheons out of hand, so that his account for subsistence was probably the cheapest one ever rendered to a department, as may be inferred from such items as “crackers and cheese, 9 cents;” “bananas, 4 cents;” “pie, 5 cents;” and so on. And these often appeared more than three times a day. How did Mr. Ward come out with his streamlined expense account’ WeU, not so good. The Controller ox the Treasury informed him that regulations did not permit a Gov ernment officer to eat oftener than three times a day, nor authorize im to buy pie, bananas, or crack ers and cheese. So Mr. Ward had of *0r most of his food out ox his own pocket! WHO WORKS WITH TIME Hhn„WOrks wiUl tirne and not agin xs one wlse hap that’s g0nna win The he gets’ of course, lact he need not know remorse. —Hiram Mann. ' his news conference that the first meeting of the UN Atomic commis sion will be held in New York June 14. The plan for world control was blessed by Byrnes when it first was made public, but “not as a statement of policy.” Byrnes ad vocated it solely as a basis for in formed public discussion. The senate committee immedi ately thereafter planned to furnish a sounding board for such public discussion, but its plans are being held in abeyance, apparently in definitely. The study recommended an in ternational development authority with broad powers of ownership control and production of atomic materials from the stage of raw, unmined ores to final utilization. Tt recommended that closely de fined “safe” activities, mainly small scale research, be pursued by nations, but only then with materials obtained from the inter national authority under licenses. McKenney On BRIDGE By WILLIAM E McKENNEY America’s Card Authority It is not often that a tournament director of the American Contract Bridge league gets stumped on a ruling, but the decision that came up on today’s hand was a difficult one. East won the opening lead with the king of hearts and followed with the ace. When he played the third round of hearts, declarer mistakenly ruffed with the jack of spades and West over-ruffed with the queen. Then dummy came to life and asked his partner if he had no more hearts. Discovering his error, declarer withdrew his jack of spades and followed suit, bvt now West was able to withdraw his queen, and he discarded a diamond. East played the fourth round of hearts and South ruffed with the king of spades. Then, since he knew the location of the ueen of spades, he blithely finessed West out of the blac lady. The rules are inadequate in a situation such as this, but the di rector made up his own rule based on the equity of the situation. He refused to allow declarer to ruff with the king, insisting that he ruff low and that West be allowed to over-ruff. North and South of course pro tested the ruling, but it was later upheld by the tournament com mittee. A A74 V 10632 ♦ KQ A A 9 4 2 A y 5 3 m- A 6 2 V87 ui e VAKQ9 ♦ 9852 " E ♦ J1063 *J653 1 Dealer I* Q10 8 ! AKJ10 98 I VJ54 ! ♦ A74 ! A K 7 Duplicate—Both vul. South West North East 1 A Pass 2 A Pass 2 A Pass 4 A Pass Opening—V 8. M Doctor Saya— STOMACH CANCER < ES WARNINGS Bg WILLIAM A. O’BRIEN, M. D Cancer of the stomach is mosj common in men who previous!-? have enjoyed excellent health An ulcer victim seldom, If ever iZ velops a cancer in his ulce-' but it is possible for him to develop . cancer elsewhere in his stomach. The early symptoms of eancer of the stomach are loss of ippetit, and weight and vague stomach dis tress. These common warning signs are often disregarded lor months. Distress (indigestion! consists of a feeling of fullness aftar eating or of a gnawing, aching pain which is relieved by vomiting. It differs from ulcer pain in that it does not have any definite relationship to the taking of food. It may be pre sent in the morning after the pa. tient arises, or immediately after he eats a meal. Warning signs of cancer of ft* stomach should not be disregarded as early operation is the only chance for cure. An X-ray *x. amination will pick up the early ones. In no other function ij the X-ray of greater value than in diagnosis of cancer of the stomach. X-ray specialists are constant ly improving in their ability to find cancer early. In doubtful cases, the gastroscope can be used. This is an instrument which is passed down the esophagus into the stom ach for a look at the inside. At the present time, there is only stomach and that is removal by surgery. The piece of the stom ach containing the growth ii taken out, and a new opening ij made. If patients with cancer of the stomach report before the diseas* spreads beyond the point of origin, there is an excellent chance of cure. The condition seldom de velops in a normal stomach mem brane, as many patients develop polyp humors first. A patient with pernicious anemia should be checked at frequent in tervals with the X-ray to determine the condition of the lining mem brane of his stomach. Even though the blood may be kept normal, the stomach always lacks acid, and polyps thus have a tendency to form. Those who have been treated for cancer of the stomach by sur gical operation should keep in close touch with their physicians afterwards. The purpose of follow up is to bring to the physician s attention any untoward symptoms which may develop. Cancer of the stomach is the most frequent form of the dis ease, and the majority start sud denly. Many patients car. give the exact date on which the symptoms first appeared. When the warning eomes, time and money should not be wasted in taking stomach medicines. The Literary Guidepost By BOB PRICE CAPTAIN GRANT, by Shirley Sei fert (Lippincott; $3.) “CAPTAIN GRANT” Is not the gruff and bearded Ulysses o) Vicksburg and Appomattox. This is “Sam.” Grant, of West Point and Mexico and Jefferson bar racks, Mo., who couldn’t make a go of the Army, and flunked as miserably at farming and in busi ness. There’s a curious vein of frus tration in his story. He wanted to be a river trader, and his father sent him to West Point. He ward ed to be a cavalryman and was assigned to the infantry. He want ed to be a fighting man in Mexico and was made a quartermaster because he could handle mules. He wanted to be stationed near his wife’s home in Missouri and ho was transferred to California. You have to look sharp to find the hints of greatness in lonely, self-effacing Sam Grant. But they are there: His stubbornness, his forthright simplicity, his blunt approach to the core of a problem. These are the qualities which were paramount in the later days when the “U. S.” of his name stood not for “Uncle Sam a’ “Cump’' Sherman had dubbed him at West Point, but for “b* conditional Surrender.” Shirley Seifert here achieves for Gran: something of what Howard Fast did for George Wash ington in “The Unvanquisned . '■* has given the breath of life t° 1 stiffly historic portrait. The book does not hew strictly to the line of history, of course. ■ couple of minor characters «■ fictitious, and the author has take a few liberties with the recore, notably in her treatment of Gram drinking habits. But these do - impair the story, nor do they »r tract from its value. Without its historic connoiation, “Captain Grant” would stand o its own merits as a story. "J them, it gains power and streng ■ not only because of Grar : s <>■'■ later deeds, but because of drama inherent in the lanau names encountered: .Jeffers^ Davis, Lee, Jackson. McCWan’ Sherman, Longstreet — all of tn® and more were in Grant's life - fore he marched away in take command of a regiment * Illinois volunteers. That is.the ey ing scene in the story of “Cap-a‘' Grant’’ and simultaneously tn opening scene in the story ®f eral Grant.