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=^~-= umuutfim umtntttut s^tcu* «•!!& -- - State and National New* ^>L, 79.—NO. 188. WILMINGTON, N. C., TUESDAY, MAY 21, 1946 " -ESTABLISHED 1867~ This Is The Way They Used To Get To Carolina Beach Here, as big as life and chugging away, is the “Shoo-Fly”. While all of you pleasure-seekers go whizzing down the highway in your automobiles take your feet off the accelerators long enough to pause and remember that the “Shoo-Fly’ took the pleasure-seekers to Carolina Beach In the yesteryears. See ALONG THE CAPE FEAR for further details. END OF RAILWAY DISPUTE LOOMS Conferees Express Hope That Walkout Will Be Averted WASHINGTON, May 20— (£>)— Government negotiations aimed at settling the railroad wage dis pute before a five-day strike truce expires Thursday took on a hope ful tone Monday. Both unions involved reported “we’re making progress” and the White house said that John R. Steelman, presidential assistant handling the dispute for President Truman, was hopeful. Confers With Unions Steelman held conferences with the presidents of the two unions, A. F. Whitney of the B-otherhood of Railroad Trainmen and Alvan ley Johnston of the Locomotive Engineers. Then he met with a carrier negotiating committee. Steelman was trying to work out some compromise before ask ing both sides to resume joint negotiations. The unions have boiled down their demands to an 18 per cent increase, with a $1.44 per day minimum boost, while the railroads were willing to go only high as $1.28 or 16 cents an hour as had been recommended by See RAILWAY On Page Two PCA GROUP HEARS KANSAS CITY MAN C R. Arnold Traces Growth 01 Production Credit Systems C. R. Arnold Production Credit Administration commissioner of fhe Farm Credit Administration, Kansas City, was principal speaker of the evening as the second in a series of PCA group board con ferences got underway at the Ocean Terrace hotel, Wrightsville Er=ch, last night. Addressing an audience of about M PCA members, Arnold traced the growth of production credit systems and emphasized the intent of Congress to establish a farmer owned cooperative system of short term credit. See PCA On Page Tw« BAMBONE’S meditations By Alley "Hyst some folks <3oies £<? Ftftf BZ. To count pey CHicKffiS 'fo' p£ AIS65 BY£AJtArt>/ J (Released by The Bell •ra dicate. jbc. ) Trade Mark U & Pat. Office) KEEN RIVALRY Soap Box Derby Plan Sparks Boys’ Spirit Representatives Of Race’s Sponsors Meet With Groups At William Hooper And Lake Forest Schools That the keen spirit of rivalry which exists between boys of Lake Forest and William Hooper schools on the baseball diamond, basketball court and football gridiron, will be carried into the Wilmington district All-American Soap Box Derby in July and August, was well emphasized yesterday morning when Derby representatives carried the Derby story right to them during a spe cial recess at both schools. For upwards of a half-hour, ap proximately 100 boys of the Lake Forest school listened to a brief talk on the rules, regulations and prize awards for the 1946 Derby by W. A. (Bill) Stewart, Brigade Boys’ club director and Jack C. Lunan of The Star-News, co-spon sors with the Raney Chevrolet company of the big event here. Plenty Of Questions At the close, the boys, plied the two representatives with well di rected questions on almost every angle of the forthcoming Derby and a show of hands brought forth the information that the Lake Forest boys between the ages of 11 and 15 years, will be out there pitching just as soon as school is out, building cars for the Derby semi-final races to be held dur ing the last week of July. The same story was true at Wil liam Hooper school. There the boys paid strict attention to both speak ers and evidenced great interest in the Soap Box Derby event. Stewart outlined some of the rules governing the building of cars and also handed out a hint or two on how to construct a safe steering system. Lunan covered for the boys a general outline of the Derby story, including enumeration of the fine prizes which will await the winner here at Wilmington and in the National finals at Akron, Ohio on August 16. Rivalry Pops Up When Stewart let it be known that the Lake Forest boys were keenly interested in the idea of provid ing the Wilmington district winner, the William Hooper kids perked up with a “not if we know it” at titude. They too, plied the speakers with innumerable questions and a show of hands indicated that they were almost 100 per cent in favor of entering the big race. Director Stewart also took oc casion at both schools to call at tention to the forthcoming Brigade Boy’s camp for 1940 and promised that those who attend, will have ample opportunity while in camp to build their cars for the Derby in July. The speakers wrere introduced See RIVALRY on Page Two The Weather FORECAST North Carolina—Mostly cloudy and not so warm with thundershowers in east, cooler In the evening Tuesday. South Carolina—Partly cloud yand mild followed by clearing and cooler Tues day evening. (Eastern Standard Time) (By U. S. Weather Bureau) Meteorological data for the 24 hours ending 7:30 p.m. yesterday. Temperatures 1:30 a.m. 70; 7:30 a.m. 72; 1:30 p.m. 82; 7:30 p.m. 78. Maximum 83; Minimum 68; Mean 76; Normal 72. Humidity 1:30 a.m. 96; 7:30 a.m. 94; 1:30 p.m. 68; 7:30 p.m. 87. Precipitation Total for 24 hours ending 7:30 p.m.— 0.00 inches. Total since the first of the month— 3.04 inches. Tiilcc I'm. T/wlo.r (From the Tide Tables published by U. S. Coast and Geodetic Survey) HIGH LOW Wilmington - 1:16 a.m. 8:43 a.m. 1:29 p.m. 8:28 p.m. Masonboro Inlet _ 10:58 a.m. 5:13 a.m. 11:25 p.m. 5:02 p.m. Sunrise 5:06 a.m.; Sunset 7:11 p.m.; Moonrise-; Moonset 9:20 am. River Stage at Fayetteyille, N. C. at 8 a.m. Monday. 17.0 feet See THE WEATHER on Page Two EXAMINER FOR ICC REFUSES COMMENT Newell Silent On Proposed Reorganization Of Florida Road THE MORNING STAR WASHINGTON BUREAU WASHINGTON, May 20.—Ral eigh H. Newell, examiner for the Interstate Commerce commission, declined Monday to confirm or deny reports that he would soon file a report in the proposed re organization of the bankrupt Flori da East Coast railway, which the Atlantic Coast Line is seeking to acquire. The ACL, which holds a large percentage of the unsecured claims against the Florida road, proposes to issue its own securities in place of the original bonds. A reorganiza tion plan previously approved by See EXAMINER on Page Two SCHOOL REPORTS Education Board Names Teachers For 1946-47 BY JACK LUNAN Election of principals and teachers for the 1946-47 school year and presentation of reports on progress and activity for the school year closing May 30, featured a called meeting of the City-County Board of Education last night in the de partment of educ*tion offices at the courthouse. Dr. John T. Hoggard, president, presided over the rather lengthy meet ing, occasioned by presentation of the long list of teacher ap pointment, recommendations, and accompanying verbal re ports. Meeting in executive session at 7:30 p. m., the board, on motion by trustees Laney and Roe, set the opening date for the new school year as Tuesday, September 3, which follows La bor Day and the end of the* summer vacation period. Principals of all white and Negro schools were then elected by the board and Superinten dent H. M. Roland was em powered to make necessary See SCHOOL On Page Two SOUTHERN AREAS HIT BY STORMS Millions In Damages Esti mated From Texas Into Florida TORNADO STRIKES KINSTON KINSTON, May 20. — (£>)— One person was killed and at least 22 injured by a tornado that struck two widely separat ed sections of Kinston and sur rounding farmland Monday night. The tornado, coming on the heels of a hard thunderstorm, was reported by Kinston police to have completely Rattened two filling stations within the city limits. By The Associated Press Damage estimated to run into millions of dollars resulted to crops and property from a week-end of wind, had, rain and thunder storms sweeping the South Coastal states from Texas into northwest Florida. A Negro child was killed in a wind storm at Opelaka, Ala., and two deaths from heart attacks were attributed to a gale that swept across East Texas and Northwe'st Louisiana. Louisiana Hard Hit Damage from hail in Central Louisiana was reported at $250, 000 and Commissioner of Agricul ture Harry D. Wilson said rain damage to the state’s expanded truck acreage would exceed $1, 000,000. Severe loss also was re ported from heavy rains in Missis sippi. Fire started by lightning de stroyed property at a Henderson, Tex., oil refinery valued at be tween $500,000 and $700,000 and a 52-mile gale left damage to Pensa cola, Fla., harbor and bridge in stallations estimated at $500,000. Cities and towns all along tre gulf coast and even some inland communities were swept by high winds and rains which left trees uprooted, ho’ses and barns un roofed, crops mauled and at least three dead. 80-Mile Winds At Panama City, Florida, wind gusts reaching a velocity of 80 miles per hour lashed the city causing light but widespread prop erty damage. In Pensacola, the high wind ripped a Liberty freight er from its moorings and sent it plowing into the Pensacola bay V-idge, ripping away nearly 1,000 feet of the span. Three other freighters in Pen sacola harbor dragged anchor and lunged against the bridge in other sections hammering it out of line. State road department officials es timated damage at between $400, 000 and $500,000. FIVE DIE AS PLANE CRASHES INTO NEW YORK SKYSCRAPER; U.S. PUSHES PEACE TREATY Byrnes Aims Tough Talk At Russians Secretary Says No Nation Has Right To Veto Treaty-Making SEEKS~JUST~PEACE Expresses Belief Job, Though Difficult, Can Be Done WASHINGTON, May 20.— (/P)— Secretary of S t a t e Byrnes, aiming his words straight at Russia, declared Monday night that no one of the great powers has a right to veto the making of peace in Europe. He said that if a general peace conference is not called this sum mer, the United States will appeal to the United Nations assembly to make peace recommendations. In a fighting speech in which he repeatedly expressed confidence that peace, though difficult, can be built, Byrnes declared that the United States at the Paris foreign ministers conference started an “offensive for peace” and will not halt the drive until it wins its ob jective—“not a peace founded upon vengeance or greed, but a just peace, the only peace that can endure.” Penetrate “Curtain” i “There is no iron curtain that the aggregate sentiments of man kind cannot penetrate,” he said in a report on the Paris conference See Bl’RNES on Page Two TRUCK RATE HIKE REQUEST REFUSED Proposed 10 To 20 Per Cent Increase Denied By North Carolina An attempt to hike truck freight rates frorr. 10 to 20 per cent in North Carolina has been defeated, Major H. E Boyd, traffic mana ger- of the Wilmington Port Traffic association, disclosed yesterday. Back in February, Major Boyd said. 1he intra-state truck carriers of North Carolina applied to the North Carolina Utilities commis sion for the increased rates. Effective Date In their request to the commis sion. the carriers asked that the hiked rates become effective March 4. Major Boyd, acting for the Wil mington Pott Traffic association, immediately asked the commission for a suspension of the proposed increase in order that a hearing could be held to determine wheth er the increase was lawful. A number of other traffic as sociations in the state joined the local association in the fight. Suspended In response to the united fronj put up by the traffic associations, See HIKE on Page Two Along The Cape Fear “SHOO-FLY” PHOTO — About that picture up there in the upper left-hand corner: . Last Thursday, right before we went on our secret mission to find out about Captain Harper’s other steamboat (the one that burned up and whose name we still do not know), we printed the story about the captain’s “Steamer Wilmuig ton” and the “Shoo-Fly” railroad tfain via which combination' the Cape Fearians of yesteryear jour neyed out to Carolina Beach of a Sunday afternoon. After we returned from our mis sion we found a note on our desk telling us to call Mrs. Cecil Apple berry in Lake Forest. The result of the telephone con versation is that picture up there. * * * TRANSPORTED THOUSANDS— Yes, that’s Captain Harper’s “Shoo Fly” which when teamed up with the “Steamer Wilmington" trans ported thousands of Cape Fear folks to Carolina Beach some time I during the turn of the 20th century. Mrs. Appleberry, you see, is one of those thousands. When she told us she had a picture of the once famous but now almost forgotten “Shoo-Fly” we ran right on out to her home in Lake Forest. It was taken, she says, by a doc tor whose name she can’t recall. And she fixes the date of the pic ture at about the year 1912—and by a rather amusing method. * * * STRICT CHAMPION—In those days, she says, young ladies were not permitted to have dates with young men until the young ladies were about 18 years old. Mrs. Ap pleberry’s mother was a strict champion of the custom. She says she’s pretty sure she never had a date until she was about 18. At the time the picture was taken she was having one of her first dates—and with the for gotten doctor. See CAPE FEAR on Page Two EACH COG ESSENTIAL TRUMAN APPEALS FOR COOPERATION LIBERTY, Mo., May 20. —(JP) —President Truman Monday warned a nation worried by crisis in the coal and rail road fronts that the whole structure of organized society “shakes loose” when one cog gives out. The chief executive made no effort to hide his own concern over bo h the domestic and foreign situation in appealing for “decent understanding” and for “workers” to save the coun try and world peace. “What we need now more than captains and quarterbacks —particularly Monday morning quarterbacks—are people who are willing to work for those things which they claim are for,” he declared. Mr. Truman made no direct reference to the current coal and railroad crisis in an off the cuff speech at William Jewell college here, but he declared ‘‘somebody has to sit in the front row and do the work.” See TRUMAN On Page Two SEIZURE OF MINE OPERATION LOOMS Officials Believe Step Necessary To Avoid Stoppages WASHINGTON, May 20—(£>>— Government officials appeared convinced Monday that federal seizure provides the last hope of keeping the coal mines operating after Saturday, but they lacked assurance from John L. Lewis, that the miners would stay on the job. Both Lewis ana Charles O’Neill, chief spokesman for the operators, have emphasized to President Tru man the futility of further negotia tions. say officials who cannot be named. \ No Alternative One top government man con* cerned with labor indicated that he believed seizure was coming but said an exact date was not yet decided. Another agreed he could see no other alternative open to the government which could keep the mines open after the present two week truce expires Saturday night Lewis, at a conference with Presi dent Truman Sunday, was reported to have imormed the President he lacked authority, without word from his 250-man policy committee, to commit tut miners to work for the government. The President also talked with O’Neill, bu. what word the opera tors spokesman gave the executive about cooperating in seizure could not be learned. No Papers Cleared If Lewis and his policy commit tee agree to work for the govern ment the federal officials probably will have to negotiate the next contract wild Lewis, as former Seci etary of Interior Harold L. Ickes did in 1943 as solid fuels ad ministrator. Up to now, the solid fuels administration,, now headed by Secretary of Interior J. A. Krug, is understood not to have cleared «ny seizure pSpers. Operators feel, it was reported by a government official, that they may have a better chance of get ting price relief for whatever con cessions eventually are made to Lewis, it the government negoti ates the contracr. Some operators estimate that Lewis’ plan for a management financed union health and wel fare fund, together with his wage demands when he finally outlines them, might add 50 cents to the labor cost of a ton of goal. Lewis Keeps Much Since the railroad crisis figures in timing of government seizure of the mines—if indeed that is decided upon—tht date may be delayed un til Thursday or Friday, to await the outcome of the rail dispute. WLI ANNIVERSARY CEEBRATED HERE Reunion Held To Observe The Units Ninety Third Birthday Approximately 300 members and former members of the Wilmington Light Infantry, yesterday helped to celebrate the unit’s 93rd anni versary. The occasion was an informal get-to-gether at Blue Top lodge. Market Street road, at which a barbecue was served, and open forum discussions were held. Festivities were still in progress last night, having begun at 1 o’clock yesterday afternoon, but were expected to be ended as early as 10 o’clock, according to D. B. Upchurch, secretary of the organization. Established 1853 The club, established in 1853, held regular annual reunions, un til four years ago when the young er members entered the armed forces. This was the first cele bration since the members have been returning from the war, Up church raid. He said that several members have been unable to attend the annual meetings because of the distance away from home, and they have been discontinued, but the older members have kept up the work by having monthly meet ings and discussions. Duffy President James ' . Duffy is president of the club. Serving, besides Up church, are J. E. St. Amand, vice president, and Leo E. Sykes, treas urer. CONSULREPORTS SAFETY THREAT TABRIZ, Azerbaijan, May 20— (>P)—The United States consul here said Monday he considered that Premier Jafar Pishevari had made a threat to his personal safety and that of American citizens and that he again was "warning the Ameri can colony here to leave the- dis trict.” The consul said he was denied by Pishevari a per nit to travel through Azerbaijan and was warn ed that ‘‘any incident which might occur should I travel would be my own responsibility.” He said he considered this a threat to his personal safety and the safety of United States citi zens. Uenief’ Permits Two American correspondents who arrived here Friday also were denied travel permit by the Az erbaijan ' premier, who assured them however that ‘‘the city is yours.” THE WINNAHS! Children Keep Gardening Following “Onion Derby ” The “Onion Derby,” one of the greatest garden contests ever undertaken in New Han over county public schools, has ended. But the “garden consciousness” it inspired in the minds of the school children is still working strongly, Carl Rehder, “Derby” sponsor, said yesterday as he announced the names of the 120 winners. Sticking At It “Almost all the children, those who won prizes, and those who did not,” he said, "are going right along with their are only children, they seem to realize that the importance of the contest lay not in the contest itself or in the fine prizes but in learning how to bring food out of the earth with their own hands. Help Starving Children “And they realize, too, that in having learned to do that they are helping not only them selves but also the starving children in foreign countries.” gardening. Even' though they See CHILDREN On Page Two Fog Blinds Army Craft Over City Plane Parts Sprayed Over Wail Street Starting Many Fires ONE WAC KILLED 70-Story Bank Of Mahat tan Building Hit By Lost Machine NEW YORK, May 20. — (UP)—An Army C-45 Trans port crashed against the stone side of the 70-story Bank of Manhattan building in the skyscraper canyons of New York’s Wall street and explod ed in a vivid flash of red flame Monday night killing the five per sons aboard, including a Wac. A thick fog, which was only 400 feet above the street, obscured low er Manhattan’s famed skyline as the twin-engined plane smashed in to the 58th floor of the building, lodging in an office on the corner. Army Air Force authorities at Mitchell field officially confirmed that five persons were killed and that one was a WAC lieutenant. An officer investigating the tragedy tentatively identified the pilot as Capt. J. L. Collison. The officer also made tentative identification of the WAC as 1st Lieut. Mary E. Bond. He said that she was attached to the adjutant general's office in Washington. The transport was on a flight from Smyrna, Tenn. to the Newark, N. J. airport and was due to land there a few minutes after the crash occurred. Newark field is across the Hudson river, only a short distance west of the cluster of skyscrapers, heart of the financial world. See CRASH on Page Two CHERRY TO SPEAK AT NCM MEETING Merchants To Convene At Wrightsville Beach In June; 450 Expected Governor R Gregg Cherry will be the principal speaker at the 44th annual convention of the North Caro’ina Merchants association at Wrightsvilie Beach on June 10-11, it wai announced yesterday as local members of the association completed plans for the festivities. About 450 persons are expected to attend tile two-day occasion which includes a banquet, a dance, and beach amusements as well as addresses by outstanding speakers, a symposium on merchants’ prob lems. and other business discus sions. Lane to Speak M'yor W Roland Bane will de liver the welcoming address. The Rev. William Crowe, Jr. pastor of First Presbyterian church, will give the invocation as the conven tion opens on the morning of June 10. The Rev. W. J. Stephenson, pastor of Temple Baptist church, will deliver the benediction at the closing of the session the follow ing night. See MERCHANTS On Page Two And So To Bed yesterday aftc.noon a girls’ gym class of New Hanover High school was marching down a street nea* the school, school. Approachi g the bloomer 1 arade from a c; street came a car driv by a man. As the car got closer to the marching girls the driver be came more and more interest ed in the spectacle and less and leas attentive to his driv ing. So interested in the former, in fact, and so inattentive to the latter, t he completely forgot his p • ition as an offi cer of the law until he smacked into another car. No damage was reported, however—neither to the cars nor to the officer's eyes.