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FORECAST + ^ ^ ^ ^ . Served By Leased Wires
tltlittiTmiti iii rrrmnrr w’mt* un,tHress |444X LI 111 XJ | X X *JXIX.X 1 X 1 I I X I Al X I I X associated press ^ ^ m^r With Complete Coverage of ----- State and National New* _..._WILMINGTON, N. C., FRIDAY, MAY 24, 1946 ESTABLISHED 1867 Fort Caswell Urged As New lase Of Navy Movement On Foot To Set Site Aside For Ord nance Operation CLARK TAKES LEAD Info-med Authorities Stress Need Of Location; Plenty Housing Special to the Star WASHINGTON, May 23 — A movement to have Fort Caswell, rsar Southport, made a base for jusynl craft io be operated in con nexion with the service’s radical ordnance experiments at Camp Davis has been launched by Re presentative J Bayard Clark, of Fayetteville. Shortly after announcement of the Navy’s intention to use a part of the Davis installation, plus is lands along the coast. Representa tive Clark contacted the proper authorities to lay the groundwork f,,r the new protect. Such a base, according to informed authorities h°-e. will be needed when opera t’. -c at the former Holly Ridge camp get under way. Csod During War The Navy used Fort Caswell dur irr the recent war and has retained if.• hold on the area. T,’e location at the mouth, of the C-ne Fear river is considered the ho'* in Southeastern North Caro ]•-•> for the proposed base from a "’"'q-anhicai standDoint. In ad d 'Xn to being under Naval control ?' ‘ue present time, it has plenty r' deep water and, in nautical n-:1es. is nearer the scene of the Now's proposed operations than any other favorable site. Present Plans According to present plans, the Navy intends to take over the for See CASWELL on Page Two NAVY MAY USE ’YARD BUILDING Employment Office Sought For Ready Reserves Use The employment office building of the North Carolina Shipbuild ing company is “under serious consideration” for use as an armory for the training of Nava! Organized Reserves, Capt. H. C. Daniel, Sixth District Naval offi cer, Charleston, S, C., informed The Star yesterday afternoon. “The building seems to be pretty well in line with what we want,” Captain Daniel said. “Of course there probably will have to be *ome alterations made if we do ac quire it for our armory, but all in all I think it might fit the purpose nicely.” Plans Inspection Captain Daniel said he plans to Ci s to Wilmington some time He:: week to give the structure » thorough inspection and to talk over the Navy’s possible acquisi tion of it with L. E. Voss, resi dent plant engineer of the U. S. Maritime commission at the ship yard. See NAVY on Page Five HAMBONE’S MEDITATIONS By Alley T ToLE YOUNG K£ HE $ES' SAVE Up TW£LL HE MEET p£ RIGHT GAL - £n H£ SAY /'MW-SdH' HE <Su/iMt PrACltCE. sfZ/s' ^ (Released by The Bell Ryn dlesle. Inc.) Trade Mark Beg. u. 8. Pat. Office) Polls Overt Saturday At 6:30 A.M. And Close At 6:30 P.M, | What Shall We Do Now? (An Editorial) ^ The railroad strike went into effect at 4 o’clock 'x^ $ day afternoon. & '<Sr «i The nation’s chief means of communicate standstill. Y y <& In an effort to settle the wage contro- ^^en the Brotherhoods of Engineers and Trainrr $ lines President Truman had won consent of the c. com panies to an eighteen and one-half cent wage . rease an hour. The heads of the brotherhoods rejected this proposal, despite the fact eighteen other brotherhoods and unions in railway employ accepted it. that is to say two men, controlling two labor organiza tions with 250,000 members, have the power to halt railroad service against the wish of eighteen other labor organiza tions in the same industry with 1,500,000 members and the willingness of the companies to increase by half a cent an hour the pay advance generally granted members in other major unions. Two men—A. F. Whitney of the trainmen, and Al vanley* Johnston of the engineers—by a shake of the head in Washington and a nod to Chicago, stop the movement of U. S. mails, cause irreparable damage to perishable freight, halt passenger traffic, leave industries without delivery of essential materials, and because there is no law under which they can be prosecuted criminally, but instead are protected by the Wagner Act, go scott free. The nation’s railroacls are under federal operation, yet two men can push the government aside and laugh at its vaunted but obviously hypothetical power. Two men, mind you. What shall we do now? We can do nothing as a people but hang our heads in shame. The only remedy lies with Congress. Let the debate end at once and reasonable re straints be placed upon organized labor and its despotic powers without further delay. COUNTER-OFFER HINT ) BY RUG Interior Secretary Presents Government Position To Lewis WASHINGTON, May 23— W — Secretary of the Interior J. A. Krug Thursday presented to John L. Lewis the government’s posi tion on the principal points at is sue in the United Mine Workers’ contract demands. Krug, who is running the nation’s soft coal mines under federal seizure, would not disclose the de tails of what he told the union leader. A hint, however, that he may have come to an actual counter proposition came from a spokes man for Krug who said the sec retary “feels that as long as they are in the negotiation stage’’ he should not discuss those details publicly. Defining Points The Krug spokesman said the late afternoon conference in Krug’s i office lasting more than three hours had been used up "talk ing over with Lewis and O'Leary (John J. O'Leary) his position on the principal points and defining them.” Lewis left the session without comment or any hint as to his re action to Krug's proposition. The UMW chief, however, was in good spirits. He joked with reporters about committing himself on any subject and in leaving, offered a cheery “good night you-all.” Lewis would not comment on the possible effect of the railroad strike on working the mines or on the soft coal- situation in gen eral. Predict Close-Down An industry spokesman, however, estimated that the mines would close down tight within 24 hours because of a shortage of railroad cars to haul coal away from the mines. A committee of operators met with Krug and Vice Adm. Ben Moreell, the deputy coal mines administrator, after Lewis and O’ Leary, the UMW vice president, had departed. With about half the nation’s 400, 000 miners already out of the coal pits, the conferences with Lewis promised to determine whether the mines will be kept running at all after Saturday. Today and Tomorrow By WALTER LIPPMAN By WALTER LIPPMANN | After Mr. Byrnes’s judicious ac count of the disagreements in j Paris, it is plainer than ever how important is the military control of a disputed place. Mr. Molotov got nothing that he wanted out of Italy: Trieste and the better part of Venezia Giulia and the upper Isonzo are behind the so-called Morgan line on which stands a British-American army. He did not gel the kind of repara tions he asked — though he got a generous offer — for Italy itself is under Britisn-American control. COUNTY TB GROUP HAS ANNUAL MEET Proposal Heard For Sana torium In County; Of ficers Named The New Hanover County Tuber culosis and Health association, gathered in annual meeting in the Tide Water assembly room yes terday: (1) —Re-elected incumbent offi cers; (2) —Elected directors for the three-year period; (3) —Heard a discussion by the Rev. Mortimer Glover, chairman of the special committee, of the proposal to re-energize the move ment for a tuberculosis sanatorium in the county; (4) —Listened attentively to • brief address by Walter Page, Jr., of the state tuberculosis organiza tion on the value and important work accomplished by annual Christmas seal sales and voluntary tuberculosis associations such as exists here, and; (5)—Heard the annual report oi Secretary Dorothy O. Forbe, and a brief summary of the association s activities since Miss Lucy Nash took over the duties and respon sibilities of executive secretary. Officers Named The officers re-elected for an other year were Emmett H. Bellamy, president; Claud O' Shields, vice president; Robert Tate, treasurer and Dorothy O. Forbes, secretary. Mr. Glover, who had been au thorized to add members to his sanatorium committee, named Mrs. Harriss Newman, Council man J. E. L. Wade, County Com missioner Chairman Addison Hew lett, George Stearns, secretary of the Community Chest, Thomas L. Lanier, North Carolina Shipbuild ing company comptroller, Howard Jenton, treasurer of the Red Cros Sanatorium association, Mrs. P- • Smith, Mrs. J. B. Hughes, Miss Marguerite Walker, Miss Allie Morris Fechtig, Dr. R. B. Rodman and Hal J- Love, with Mr. Bellamy and Dr. J. C. Wessell, ex-officio members. Move to be Made Mr. Glover indicated the com mittee’s intention to assemble all necessary data and present it to the Board of County Commission ers at an appropriate time. He placed especial emphasis on the See T. B. GROUP on Page Two He got nothing out of the Italian Empire: it is occupied by the British. We, the British and Americans, on the other hand, could not ob tain what we wanted in the satel lite states — chiefly, I take it, though Mr. Eyrnes was not spe cific — a nullification of the eco nomic imperalism which the Rus sians have imposed upon Romonia and are trying to impose all the way up the Danube Valley in cluding Austria. The Danube Val ley, except in Austria, where we have a reasonably good foothold See LIPPMANN on Page Twelve RAILROAD STRIKE PARALYZES COUNTRY IN HISTORY’S WORST INDUSTRIAL KNOT; ‘DIRE HARDSHIPS’PREDICTED FOR AREA All Citizens Affected By Tie-Up Here ACL Trains Here Fail To Leave Yard Following Strike Deadline FUEL SUPPLY STRUCK Mail, Food, Most Facilities. Affected By Nation wide Walkout By PHIL WRIGHT The nationwide rail way strike will, if allowed to pro gress, paralyze transportation in Wilmingtori and Southeast ern North Carolina, and pre sent “dire hardships” on virtually all residents, a poll of food, oil, coal and fertilizers suppliers showed last night. The Atlantic Coast Line rail road will operate a “skeleton service” between Richmond, Va., and Jacksonville, Fla., starting today, James B. Sharp ton assistant passenger traffic manager, said here late last night. Road foremen of engineers will serve as engineers and trainmasters will act as flag men, Sharpton said. The Havana Special, the line’s main train, will run from Richmond to Jacksonville to day and back to Richmond to morrow in lieu of its regular schedule. Train 55, which normally runs to Florence, S. C., and Augusta, Ga., every day will make the trip every other day beginning today. Sharpton emphasized that this “skeleton service” is sub ject to change at any moment. Captain Lloyd Crocker, assistant superintendent of Atlantic Coast Line railroad, said there would be no official statement from ACL concerning the strike until such time as Washington gives them a decision. “We are under government ord ers not to release statements of direct nature on the strike; these are government orders, and we will have to obey them,” he said. Stop At Terminals However, he did say that all trains on the road will make their schedules into the variousu ter minals where they are expected to be left by the striking operators, engineers and trainmen. Local oil terminal operators said that “without the railroads, it is impossible to furnish even the State of Nortn Carolina with petro leum products,” which they say will result in almost “a complete shutdown of transportation in the State.” Later however, a Standard Oil company representative said that his terminals here, with the aid of See HARDSHIPS on Page Five Along The Cape Fear STEAMBOAT STORY—We flip ped a coin last night—"heads” for steamboat and “tails ’ for steam train—to decide which half of the “Shoo-Fly Sand-Fiddler” and “Lily Etc.-Sylvan Grove” controversy we’d try to settle first. “Heads” won, and much to our relief, too, because we think we I know a lot more about the steam boat dispute than we do about the other. In fact, we flatter ourselves in believing that we have straight ened out the steamboat convic tions about as well as can be done without getting into Alley Oop’s time machine and actually re visiting the scenes of the steam boat disasters. TWO A^D TWO—Yes, we said “disasters”—because Captain Har per had two steamers, one named (you guessed it) "Lillie” and the other named (right aga n, folks' "Sylvan Grove.” And both of them _Rotarians At Wrightsville Hear Harding 1 The Rotarians of the 188th District last night I heard Edmund Harding, Washington, N. C., I humorist, at the Governor’s banquet in the Lumi na. The banquet was one of the highlights of the convention of the district Rotarians. The con- | vention closes this afternoon. Harding is shown anove entertaining a Rotary group with the ac cordian. STAR STAFF PHOTO BY PETE KNIGHT (More pictures on Page 8) STRIKE TIES UP STATE TRAFFIC Supervisory Officers Man Crack ACL Train On One-Way Trip By The Associated Press Rail travel in the Carolinas was paralyzed when engineers and trainmen walked out at 4 o'clock yesterday in the general strike order. C. C. Sibley of Wilmington, gen eral manager of the Atlantic Coast line railway, said one crack ACL passenger train, the “Havana ■, Special” left the state after the 4! p. m. strike deadline. It left Rocky' Mount for Richmond, manned by a non-union crew of “supervisory officers,” he said. Other supervisory officers alsc were scheduled to move the south bound section of the “Havana Special” from Savannah, Ga., to Jacksonville, Fla. “One-Way” Trip The trip for the supervisory of ficers, however, was strictly a one way “operational” trip, Sibley em phasized. The crews will not bring the trains back under any condi tions, he said. Three of the Coast line's crack passenger trains quit enroute to their scheduled destinations. Trains No. 2 and 8 of the north-bound Miami-to-New York “Champion” were deserted by their striking crews in the Savannah depoh The south-bound Havana Special’s crew struck at Florence S. C. Seb ley said ACL would make no ef fort to move these trains. E. C. Bradley, head of the Char lotte local of the Engineers brother hood, said Southern railway engi neers there struck shortly aLer the deadline. He said about 30 engi neers ultimately would be affect ed in Charlotte. Engineers brought their engines to the roundhouse, parked them and left. See CAROLINAS On Page Two (you’re way ahead of us now) perished by fire It’s all clear as crystal, now, that, the dispute arose from the fact that we were trying to give two names to one boat when actual ly there were two boats. We won’t discuss the matter of "Lily-Lilly Lillie” because we never have been any good at speding anyway. * * * DAWSON STREET DISASTER— Well, now, it was the "Sylvan Grove” which burned up first. Mrs. J. S. Singletary, an old Cape Fearian, says she saw the con flagration from her front porch. The ship went up in flames at the foot of Dawson street in the year of 1890. Another old Cape Fearian—who asked us not to use her name— confirms Mrs. Singletary’s story in every detail. And another, Mr. Burke H. Brid gers, also says the story is correct. See CAPE FEAR on Page Five District Rotarians 100 Per Cent Present Honoring District Governor Oz mer L. Henry of Lumberton, Rota rians of the 188th district of Rotary International last night signalized the second day of their First An nual conference with a Governor’s Banquet and Ball in the ballroom of the Lumiua pavillion. With a registered attendance of 527, the gathering was a 100 per cent representation of the 36 clubs within the district, according to Henry who presided at the occasion. Top Attendance List Wilmington s Rotary, acting as host tody, was first in number of clubmen present, with 94 on hand. The Lumberton club was second in attendance with 55 members pres ent. The gathering was considerably larger than had been expected, the schedule number of conferences having been 400. Ozmer Henry, commenting on the The Weather FORECAST North Carolina: Friday, partly cloudy and continued warm, with scattered showers over west portion. South Carolina: Continued warm Fri day with scattered showers in the moun tains. Eastern Standard Time) (By U. S. Weather Bureau) Meteorological data for the 24 hours ending 7:30 p.m., yesterday. TEMPERATURE 1:30 am. 62; 7:30 am, 63; 1:30 pm, 77; 7:30 pm, 74. Maximum 79; Minimum 60; Mean 70; Normal 73. HUMIDITY 1:30 am, 77; 7:30 am, 63; 1:30 pm, 57; 7:30 pm, 56. PRECIPITATION Total for the 24 hours ending 7:30 pm, 0.00 inches. Total since the first of the month, 3.21 inches. TIDES FOR TODAY (From the Tide Tables published by U. S. Coast and Geodetic Survey) High Low Wilmington - 3:45a 11:09a 4:15p 11:34p Masonboro Inlet - 1:15a 7:50a l:50p 8:05p Sunrise, 5:04a: Sunset 7:13p; Moonris-e 1:19a; Moonset 12:22p. Rive:* Stage at Fayettt ville, N. C., at 8 a.m., Thursday—18.3 feet. See THE WEATHER On Page Two SURPLUS MATERIAL Clark Aids Hospitals In Equipment Purchase Maffitt Village surplus infir mary and cafeteria equipmnet may be sold to hospitals in Wilmington and New Hanover county, it was disclosed yester day by Representative J. Bay ard Clark. The congressman said that he received favorable response to request that the equipment be sold to the institutions under a priority. Facilities Increased In another move to alleviate crowding of hospitals in this section, Representative Clark unforseen turnout, extended thanks to conference committee chairmen for their capable management of i the convention’s machinery. Recognize Contributions Recognized for their contributions to the success ot the district’s first conference were Leon M. Gib son, Fayetteville, chairman of the Decoration committee; Hamilton A. Marks, Wilmington, chairman i of Hotels and Banquet committee;. Maynard O. Fletcher, Washington, chairman of Program committee; and past district governor; Clar ence Clark, Clarkton, chairman of Continuity committee; Dr. L. R. Hedgepeth, Lumberton, chairman of Prizes and Awards committee; J. B. Kittrell Kinston, chairman of Entertainment committee; John j Ormsby, New Bern, chairman of j Registration committee; Jean Booth, Kinston, chairman of Ser geant-atArms committee; J. Shep ard Bryam, Dunn, chairman of District Finance committee; Thom as R. Hood, Dunn, chairman of Resolutions and Recommendations committee; Harvey Joslyn, More head City, chairman of Publicity and Attendance committee and Mrs. Elizabeth Edwards, Wilming ton, chairman of Rotary Ann com mittee. Musical Interlude Following the banquet, which be gan at 7:30 p.m., door prizes were distributed by Dr. Hedgepeth, the gifts having been donated by the district clubs. Continuing the program, there was a musical interlude during which Miss Josephine Gibson, so prano. sang Jermoe Kern’s “All the Tilings You Are,” and Victor Herbert’s “Ah, Sweet Mystery of Life.” She was accompanied by Miss Patsy Hayes, pianist. Speaker of Evening Speaker of the evening was Ed mund Harding. Washington, con ference song leader, who asked See ROTARY on Page Two ed forward with all possible sponsored a bill, just signed into law by President Truman, which will increase the num ber of beds in the Fayetteville veteran’s hospital from 268 to 434. The congressman said the in crease in bed capacity at the ’ Fayetteville hospital will help meet an acute need for such added facilities. He said work on the additional buildings would begin as soon as possi ble and that it would be push See CLARK on Page Five White House Parley Fails To Give Hope Nationwide Stoppage De clared To Be “Nearly 100 Per Cent” CONFER AGAIN TODAY Two Unions Holding Out Agiinst Proposal Made By President By FRANCIS T. LEART United Press Staff Correspondent CHICAGO, May 23. — A strike of railroad engineers and trainmen paralyzed the nation’s 227,000-mile rail sys tem Thursday night in one of the worst industrial tie-ups in history, halting nearly all rail passenger and freight service and crippling the nation's industry and commerce. The Association of American American Railroads announced in Washington that the strike was “almost a 100 per cent shutdown.” with all but two major roads—The Illinois Central and the Bangor & Aroostook—virtually halted. However, there were several trains being run by strike-bound roads, manned by executives and supervisory employes and in some cases by members of non-striking unions. But these trains were only a small fraction of the 17,500 pas senger trains and 24,000 freight trains the nation’s roads run daily. No Relief In Sight I There was no immediate renei in sight. White House negotiations j in Washington had adjourned and j there was no hope that the walk out could be halted at least until after the parley is resumed Friday morning. The devastating effects of the strike were beginning to show less than seven hours after it began at I 4 p. m., Thursday in the Eastern ! time belt. A coal industry spokesman said i that the soft coal mines would have to be shut down within 24 hour i because of the car shortages resulting from the strike. M. W. Thatcher, general man ager of the Farmer’s Union Grain Termianl association, said the strike was tying up movement of wheat from grain elevators which means that “millions of people in foreign countries will die.” Requisition Trucks Officials of large cities were re quisitioning fleets of trucks to haul food stocks and ward off severe shortages which had been pre dicted would come in metropolitan areas within two to three day* after the star of the strike. EIGHT-HOUR PARLEY FAILS TO BREAK DEADLOCK WASHINGTON, May 23—(U.R)— An eight-hour White House con ference on the rail crisis broke up Thursday night with leaders of the two striking unions still defy ing President Truman’s settlement proposal, but Presidential Aide John R. Steelman said he "hoped" the nation-wide train strike could be ended Friday. Whitney and Johnston told Mr. Truman that the 18 1-2 cents an hour increase amounts to less than 12 per cent increase in pay^for May of their men and falls “too far short” of the 33 per cent in crease in the cost of living since January, 1941. See PARALYSIS on Page Two And So To Bed Yesterday afternoon, just as the big railroad strike was beginning, a crowded elevator was ascending in one of the ACL buildings. All the people jammed in the small space were busily dis cussing the strike. All but Mrs. E. J. Nichols, the elderly elevator operator. “Say, Mrs. Nichols,” said one of the passengers, “how come you’re running this ele vator? Aren’t you striking too?” “I belong to another union,” replied Mrs. Nichols serenely.