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■ •+> j ^ j Served By Leased Wires umutntmt nrnutn 5>tar ,=is, _— ___^_ _State and .National News ~N"' —-WILMINGTON, N. C., SATURDAY, MAY 25, 1946 ESTABLISHED 1867 good air news HOPES BOLSTERED FOR OCEAN ROUTE Wilmington’s hope to get a clipper route to Bermuda and the Caribbean was strongly bol stered yesterday when Presi dent Truman recommended tha* Colonial Airlines, In&., make a new application for per mission to include Wilmington and Charleston, S. C., on its Bemuda flights, according to a dispatch received last night from The Star’s Washington, D. C„ correspondent. New Application Colonial’s application for the southern route was turned down Wednesday by President Tru man and the Civil Aeronautics Board. Colonial officials im mediately said they would make a new application. Congressman J. Bayard Clark, a close friend of Har llee Branch, vice - chairman of CAB; Senator Clyde R. Hoey; and Senator Olin D. Johnston, of South Carolina, pledged themselves to do “everything within our power” to get CAB to approve the new application. The Wilmington-New Hanover Airport authority also pledged its support to the airline. See AIR NEWS on Page Three SOAP BOX DERBY PULLING ENTRIES Nfore Than A Score Of Bovs In The Area Have Signed Up For Race Although the first trials for the Vt'rmington All-American Soap Box Derbv will not be held until late in July, over a score of Wilming ton arid Carolina Beach boys are already at work on their cars for the big event. First completed en ti v blanks to be turned in to the Star-News office late Thursday aft er,-, on were signed by two youth ful Derby enthusiasts from Caro lina Beach. One of them immediately ne - 'rated the purchase of a set of wheels and axles, while the other boy expected to get his before store closing time yesterday. Over iiu tiiwerea A partial check at the Raney Chevrolet company, co-sponsors with the Star-News in the forth coming Derby, and the Brigade Boys' club revealed that some 20 odd boys have already officially entered the race and are already building or plan to start construc tion on their racing cars. Appli cants continued to call for blanks and rules sheets at all three places yesterday( while Adam Smith, phy sical director of the Wilmington Y. M. C. A., notified Derby head quarters yesterday that interest in the race among young members of the “Y” was grower keener with each passing hour. A new slant on Soap Box Derby activity came to light yesterday when a number of Wilmington mer chants inquired as to the possibil ity of sponsoring a boy for the Dtrby here. Each inquirer was in formed that the Star-News and Raney Chevrolet company would welcome any sponsorship of boys bv merchants, firms or corpora tions. provided rules of the com petition were strictly adhered to. Under National Soap Box Derby rules, no car entered for competi tion may cast any more to con s.ruct than $10. This rule has been in force ever since the National Soap Box Derby was first in augurated by the Chevrolet Motors division of the General Motors Corporation many years ago. ts-irrel of Fun 7 Sponsorhip by merchants may be ■n:' means of many worthy boys ^receiving a chance to compete for the big Derby prizes, who oth ei'.v.se might find it impossible to e ter. Merchants who came forth with the idea of sponsorship yes koday said that they thought it I’tould prove a barrel of fun watch I ing "Pearl’s Pickles” car running I fleck and neck or nose to nose »e SOAP BOX on Page Thr~e MBONE’S meditations By Alley 'WAY SAT MAH SLAV Pin' Up DAT NEW HOUSE; HE Am' onV <sw/he have A V.00F ovuH HE HA ID — 'Fo Lon6 HE HAVE ONE- RI6HT Sown OM IT// ?-^ r *s - u/ ^—* • • (Released by The Bell 8j* * dleale. Inc.) Trade Mail Ret u *■ P<,L OAc*’ NATIONS INDUSTRY! GRINDING TO HALT United States Split Into Isolated Communities By Rail Strike By The Associated Press The breakdown in railroad trans portation threw America’s highly industrialized economy completely out of gear yesterday. As the government sought to rush substitute forms of transportation into the breech, the nation was, in effect, split into thousands of iso lated communities—each largely dependent on supplies on hand. This was true of food, fuel and commodities. Little actual hardship was felt the first 24 hours of the railroad strike, a survey showed, but housewives in some areas were faced with the prospect of little or no meat or perishables in a maiter of days, even if the strike is settled. Troops On More Prospects for an early settle ment of the rail dispute were re ported “dark” as leaders of the 250,000 striking engineers and train men continued negotiation* with the railroad managements in Wash ington. Meanwhile, a War department spokesman disclosed that troops were being moved to “strategic locations” in anticipation of a re quest for protection of the rail ways. The Marines opened the way for all the men they have discharg ed and for men on inactive re serve to volunteer for temporary active duty during the emergency. They were told to report to the nearest recruiting station for pos sible use as guards and other du ties. The Navy told commanding offi cers to find out how many officers and enlisted men had experience in railroad work. Commandants at several East coast Naval stations said they had been empowered to recall reserve officers for emer gency duty. summary or Jd,irecis The strike caused these effects during the first 24 hours of the tieup: Mail: out of town postal service was limited to first class and air mail and plans were made for car rying all long-haul letters by Army, Navy and commercial planes. A weight limitation of 16 ounces was placed on first class mail and air mail. Steel: a spokesman for the U. S. Steel corporation said operations swiftly were coming to a complete halt and that all but maintenance crews of the 275,000 persons em ployed in various operations would be idle by Monday if the strike continues. The Bethlehem Steel corporation halted operations at its Sparrows Point plant. Fruit and vegetables: Farmers in the South and West expressed fear the fruit and vegetable crops normally shipped at this time would be lost. Officials of western rail lines said the daily movement ol See INDUSTRY on Page Two VOTE TODAY 13 Offices At Stake In Primaries In Area Winding up one of the quietest election campaigns in recent years, candidates for nomination by the Democratic and Republican parties for congressional, state and county offices, fired their final elec tioneering salvos shortly before midnight last night and today will be making every effort to get a majority of the 9,557 registered voters in the county out to the polls. Offices at Stake One congressional, two state leg islative, and 10 county offices are at stake in the first postwar Demo cratic and Republican primaries. Polling places, all 22 of them in New Hanover county, will open promptly at 6:30 a. m., this morn ing and close at 6:30 p. m. Democratic and Republican pri maries today, are definitely sepa rate from the city bond election which will not be held until next Wednesday, May 29. A total of 7, 270 city residents are registered for the bond vote. Two Ballots Each registered Democratic vot er who goes to the polls today will receive two ballots, one for coun See PRIMARIES on Page Two TRUMAN TELLS NATION HE WILL USE ARMY ACL, Plant/ Buses, Taxis Fight Clamp Transport Services Team Up To Break Through Isolation Wall EMERGENCYTRAINS Naval Officers And Men Alerted For Recall To Active Duty ACL PRESIDENT DAVIS RENEWS PLEA TO WORKERS After hearing President Tru man’s appeal on the radio last evening, C. McD. Davis, Presi dent, Atlantic Coast Line rail road and Charleston & West ern Carolina railway, prompt ly dispatched to employes of those two railroads who are members of Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers and Brotherhood of Railroad Train men who have thus far not re turned to work the following message: “This is the second appeal I have made to you within the week. “I heard over the radio this evening, as I feel sure you did also, the earnest appeal made to you by the President of tne United States to consider first your duty as a loyal American citizen and return to your work. “As President of the Atlantic Coast Line railroad, or Charles ton & Western Carolina railway hy which you are employed, I join in that request. “Many, many of you I know personally and have known for years because of my own long service with the railroad, and that fact warrants this my personal appeal. As you know, our train service since Thurs day afternoon, twenty-third, has heen operated on a skeleton basis only. But as emphasized by President Truman we plan to augment that service as rapidly as possible and I hope we may do it with your assist ance by your immediate return to duty. “Beginning tomorrow you will be called again for your run or regular assignment of duty and I hope you will promptly respond by returning to the service. Sincerely, Champion McD. Davis.” By PHIL WRIGHT Gripped by the strangle hold of the great rail strike, Wilmington has gone “all out” to circumvent complete transportation-paralysis. The Atlantic Coast Line’s “emergency” trains, the buses at Union bus terminal, the planes at Bluethenthal airport, and the city’s taxicabs all teamed together yesterday to help break through the wall of isolation which the strike has buttressed around the city. And the U, S. Marines had the See FACILITIES on Page Two The Marines Land-With The Mail From the Halls of Montezuma, etc., to the mail rooms of the nation you’ll find the Marines, as of yesterday. As shown above, the Marines have been pressed into postal service by arrangement between Postmaster Wilbur Dosher and Maj. Gen. John W. Marston, Camp Lejeune commandant, to ensure that a portion of Wilmington’s first class mail moves in and out of the local postoffice. The Marines—three trucks and six armed men— began regular mail runs between Wilmington and Rocky Mount as the rail strike gripped the country. fMore pictures on Pages Four and Three)—STAR STAFF PHOTO BY PETE KNIGHT. NAL PLANES AID IN STRIKE JAMS Airline Carrying Volumi nous Quantities Of First Class Mail \ Operating through Wilmington twice daily, National Airlines yes terday swung into action to meet emergency conditions arising from the nation-wide railroad strike, it was announced last night by the company’s New York offices. All available equipment is bein" used in the company’s “all-out” attempt to add its bit to help keep the nation’s vitally essential cargo on the move. All along Its 3,000 miles of airways, between New York and Miami, and New Orleans, and on branch lines, came reports of capacity loads of passengers, air mail, first class mail, and emer gency cargo and express being car ried by the company’s fleet of four engined, 46-passenger transport planes. Carrying The Mail In addition to a full load o! passengers and priority cargoes of air mail and express, one Na tional DC-4 in top speed, one-str service between New York and New Orleans via Jacksonville, carried over one-half ton of first class mail. On a southbound flight National reported carrying the largest air mail load in history, for Florida West Coast cities. NAL President G. T. Baker said yesterday that every effort will be made to carry all mail to Southern cities, particularly those cities on National’s route which have no other air connections. Passengers Served “Up to the present time,” Mr. Baker declared. “NAL has been See NAL On Page Two CARGOES AW/ METEOR’S P NE Castle Hayne Flowers To Be Flown On Inaugural Freight Flight Meteor Air Transport’s inaugu ral daily freight in and out of Wilmington on Monday will be a two-way proposition. The giant Douglas DC-3 cargo plane will bring merchandise from ncrthern cities to Wilming ton merchants, and it will carry Wilmington products back to the cities of the north. L. M. Todd, owner of Todd Fur niture company, has directed Meteor to pick up articles of mer chandise, including brass andiron fireplace sets, in New York and deliver them here Monday. Dress Deliveries Mrs. Julia Seigler, of the La Mode shop, has also taken ad vantage of tlie new dally air flight service .and instructed the airline to deliver dresses, hats, coats, furs, et,c., which the shop has on order in New York. Both Mrs. Seigler and Todd said they think the new daily com mercial air schedule should grow into a “big thing” for Wilmington merchants. Although, the plane may not be full when it reaches Wilmington on its first flight Monday, it should be “loaded to capacity” when it leaves on its return trip to the north, according to John Nuckton and C. He.ide Trask, Cas tle Hayne flower-growers. “Fill Him Dp” “We’U fill him up,” Trask said yesterday. “The gladiolas are coming into bloom, and all the Castle Hayne growers I know of are planning to use the service.” See CARGOES on Page Three i Along The Cape Fear “IRON (ICAL) HORSE” Z- When we were in our early ’teens one of the popular songs of the day was called “Shoo, fly, don’t both er me.” We have sung this old song all week long until we are hoarse, but it hasn’t done a bit of good. The “Shoo-Fly” refuses to be shooed. So it looks as though there’s not a thing we can do but tell you what we do know about it and let the swatter fall where it may — in all likelihood on our own head. It seems just a bit ironical that we have to write about a 40-vear old train when the biggest railroad strike in history is crowding the headlines up there at the top of the page. But that’s what is known as the newspaper business. * * * "FLY” VS. “FIDDLER” — The big dispute about the “Shoo-Fly”, you know, revolves around its name. Half of the Cape Fear pop ulation favors this name, and the other half champions “Sand-Fid dler.” Among those who lean toward the latter are Mr. Burke H. Bridg ers, a lady closely related to Cap tain Harper (the man who owned the train), and numerous other folks whose names we have lost and whose names are not to be published by special request. The “Shoo-Fly” fans are Mrs. J. S. Singletary, Mr. Carl Rehder, and some more of the folks whose name,; we have lost, etc. Now, we believe the dispute arises from the same sort of sit uation we had with the “Lillie” and the “Sylvan Grove.” We believe there was not one, but two trains —one named “Shoo-Fly” and one named “Sand-Fiddler.” * * • DILEMMA CRUX — One of these trains, you already know, ran to See CAPE FEAR on Page Two GOVERNMENT ACTS TO HANDLE MAIL All Long Distance First Class Mail To Be Flown; Partial Embargo WASHINGTON, May 24—(;P)— The government strove Friday to hold the freyed threads of national communications together by; 1. Flying a long-distance first class mail; and 2. Placing a partial embargo on less urgent mail matter. The ban on second, third and fourth class mail—including news papers and magazines—applies only to mail ordinarily routed over railroads now blocked by strike ac tion. A 16-ounce limit was ordered on first class and airmail by t)je Post Office department. Frenzeedly Busy A frenziedly busy Office of De fense Transportation took drastic measures, simultaneously, to make way for the mails on such trains as still are running. The ODT ordered the railroads, like the airlines, to refuse space to passengers whenever this proves necessary to make room for mail. Previously the rail carriers were required only to displace non-es sential commodity cargoes in or der to carry food, medicines, mail and other priority shipments. Planes Share Burdens Army and Navy planes and civil ian airlines will share the burden of flying the first-class mails, re ported Robert Ramspeck, ODT air transport director. Trucks will continue to handle shorter mail hauls, he told report ers, as they already are doing in many cases. The commercial air lines will handle all eight-cent air mail as in the past, Ramspeck said. While the military and civilian air See MAIL on Page Three ROTARY CHOOSES BUTLER GOVERNOR First Annual 188th District Conference Of Clubs Adjourns The nomination of James Butler, Goldsboro, as district governor of the 188th district of Rotary In ternational highlighted the closing session of the three-day Rotary conference at the Ocean Terrace hotel, Wrightsville Beach, yester day afternoon. Butler was the only candidate nominated and will automatically become district governor when con firmed by the national convention. Upon confirmation, Butler will appoint officers to serve with him during 1946-47. The nomination was made as the conference came to a close at a 1 o’clock luncheon at the beach. Walter Head, Montclair, N. J., and Dr. Ralph W. Wellons, Pem broke, delivered the final ad dresses. Using the theme ‘‘Rotary and You,” Head, one-time president of Rotary International, stressed that ‘‘you can get out of the or ganization only what you put into it.” Head has been instrumental in re-establishing Rotary clubs which were disbanded all over the world during the war. President Flays Union Leaders In Radio Speech Truman Appeals To Engineers And Train men Over The Heads Of Their Union Leaders To Return To Work By WILLIAM R. SPEAR WASHINGTON, May 24.— (AP)—President Truman told the nation in an emergency broadcast Friday night that he would use the Army to get railroad trains running if sufficient workers do not appear on the job at 4 p m EST., Saturday. Speaking from the White House in the gravest strike crisis of the nation’s history, the President appealed to the engineers and trainmen, over the heads of their lead ers, to resume work. Then he went to work drafting an extraordinary Truman Highlights WASHINGTON, May 24.— (JP) — Highlights of President Truman's radio address on the railroad strike situation: “If sufficient workers to operate the trains have not returned by 4 p.m. tomorrow (Saturday) as head of your government I have no al ternative but to operate the trains by using every means within my power.” “I shall call upon the Army to assist the Office of Defense trans portation in operating the trains and I shall ask our armed forces to furnish protection to every man who heeds the call of his country in this hour of need.” “To each man now out on strike, I say that the duty to your coun try goes beyond any desire for per sonal gain.” “This is no contest between labor and management. This is a con test between a small gruop of men and their government.” “The railroads are now being op erated b your government and the strike of these men is a strike against their government.” “The government is challenged as seldom before in our history. It must meet the challenge or con fess its impotence.” • “The crisis tonight (Friday) Is caused by a group of men within our own country who place their private interests above the wel fare of the nation.” “This offer of an increase of 18 1-2 cents per hour was imminent ly fair. It would have resulted in actually increasing the take-home pay of the union members above the greatest take-home pay which they enjoyed during the war. ’ “I assume that these two men (Alvanley Johnston and A. F. Whit ney, Railroad Brotherhood officials) know the terrible havoc that their decision has caused in the even more extreme suffering that will result ip the future.” "It is inconceivable that the rank and file of these two unions realize See HIGHLIGHTS on Page Three REPORT TO THE STAR Post-War Problems Beset Countries Of Caribbean Written exclusively for The Morning Star By C. W. (WILLIE) DEWING A tour of the Caribbean area comprising Haiti, Santo Domingo, Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, the British, French, and Dutch Antil lies, including Trinidad, British, French and Dutch Guiana, Vene zuela.Colombia and Panama brings to light a unique assortment of post-war problems v/hich beset some of our near neighbors. The economic and social predica ment of the Puerto Ricans is such that it must be seen to be believed. The United States has been trying for forty-eight years to improve conditions but after an expenditure of millions of dollars there is little to show for it. New buildings, roads, harbors, air fields and the like the profuse but the Puerto Rican is still ill fed, ill housed and socially insecure. They want free dom but at the same time say that the United States must subsidize them with large yearly grants of money even if freedom is granted. Feeling against the Americans is bitter. Governor Rexford Tugwell who is about to retire has said that See CARIBBEAN on Page Two speech to be delivered to a joint session of Congress at 4 P. M., Saturday. Democratic Leader Barkley of Kentucky informed the Senate that the President will have “definite and specific” recommen dations to make, if they are needed when the deadline the President set arrives. Text Of Truman’s Speech On Page 3 Two Democratic senators who cannot be named, reported that a drastic act empowering the government to penalize any who strike against facilities under fed eral control is under considera tion. The President told the workers in his broadcast that he would call troops to help run the trains if necessary to "meet the chal lenge” to the government. But he urged each atriker to “face his conscienc, and consid er the spectre of starvation and death that will result” from fol lowing their union heads. In the grimmest and most mili tant speech of his troubled ad ministration to date, he disclosed no details but hg vowed that “ev ery means within my power’’ will be used to stop the strike. I shad call upon the Army to assist the Office of Defense Trans portation in operating the trains ” h.e declared, “and I shall ask our armed forces to furnish protec tion to every man who heeds the call of his country in this hour of need.” Eisenhower Called In Apparently in this connection Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower was hurriedly recalled from a Georgia vacation and flew into the capi tal, hastening to a conference with Secretary of War Patterson and generals. American soldiers op erated trains throughout Europe under Eisenhower’s command dur ing the war. Still another last minute move sent 93 United States attorneys hurrying home to their districts from a conference here, to be on hand to institute any prosecutions of present laws or new ones which might be' pushed through. Earlier in the night the frenaied negotiations which federal media tors have been conducting collap sed, notwithstanding a new White House proposal, and the President castigated A. F. Whitney and Al vanley Johnston, leaders of the striking Trainmen’s and Engineers’ brotherhoods, in language seldoj* See TRUMAN on Page Tw« And So To Bed The great railroad strike, de plored and condemned through out the nation, is a blessing in disguise to at least one man —a mail carrier in Wilming ton. B. B. Sunofsky, the carrier, handles a large city beat. He goes around to ail the mail boxes in his area, takes the mail out of them, and carries the letters and packages to the post office for sorting and delivery. Normally he handles hundreds and hundreds of letters and packages every day. Yesterday afternoon he brought his sack into the mail room and said, “Here’s my day’s work.’’ He turned the sack upside down. One letter fluttered t« the floor. Vote In The Primary Today--Polls Close At 6:30 P.M.