OCR Interpretation

The Wilmington morning star. (Wilmington, N.C.) 1909-1990, May 26, 1946, SECTION-A, Image 7

Image and text provided by University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Library, Chapel Hill, NC

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn78002169/1946-05-26/ed-1/seq-7/

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359 Wilmington Boys Un
able To Enter Scouting
Cub Groups
I The Wilmington Boy Scout coun
cil yesterday disclosed that a sur
vey of this area indicated that 359
buys under the age of 12 years
are eager to become Cub scouts
but cannot do so due to the lack
of a sponsoring organization in the
The survey, by schools, showed
the following number of would-be
scouts from each school:
Hemenway, 39; Tileston, 48; Sun
lei Park, 61; Forest Hills, 52;
Chestnut Heights, 41; Bradley
C ek, 19; Winter Park, 16; Lake
Forest, 41, and William Hooper,
i:i an address before the district
ic ut organization in Fayetteville
recently, Judge John J. Burney,.
Wilmington, said that, to the best
of his knowledge, no Boy Scout
had ever been before him for trial,
and that he was of the opinion that
if all boys became interested in
sc ut work, there would be a
tremendous decline in juvenile
Cub scout packs are organized
in communities under some spon
soring organization such as a
church or school, with the • cubs
meeting at the home of the Den
Any person or organization in
terested in having a pack organ
ized should contact the Boy Scout
office, phone 2-1821.
There are no old maJKs in
Tibet. Marriages are arranged by
family contract, and sometimes a
man takes all the daughters of a
household as co-wives.
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----------■ ~ a. ux/iu
Text Of President Truman’s Speech
Before Joint Session Of Congress
WASHINGTON, May 25 — (/Pi —
Here is the text of President Tru
man’s address today to a joint ses
sion of Congress:
Mr. President, Mr. Speaker,
members of the Congress of the
United States:
I desire to thank you for this
privilege of appearing before you
m order to urge legislation which
I deem essential to the welfare of
our country.
For the past two days the nation
has been in the grip of a railroad
strike which threatens to paralyze
all our industrial, agriculture, com
mercial and social life.
Last, night I tried to point out to
the American people the bleak pic
ture w’hich we faced at home and
abroad if the strike is permitted
to continue.
The disaster will spare no one It
will bear equally upon business
men, workers, farmers and upon
every citizen of the United States.
Food, raw materials, fuel, shipping,
housing, the public health, the pub
ic safety — all will be dangerously
fected. Hundreds of thousands of
liberated people of Europe and
Asia will die who could be saved if
the railroads were not r.ow tied up.
As I stated last night, unless the
railroads are manned by returning
strikers I shall immediately under
take to run them by the Army of
the United States.
No Alternative
i assure you that I do pot take
this action lightly, but there is no
alternative. There is no longer a
dispute between labor and man
agement. It has now become a
strike against the government it
self. That kind of strike can never
be tolerated. If allowed to contin
ue, government will break down.
Strikes against the government
must stop. I appear before you to
request immediate legislation de
signed to helD stop them.
I am sure that some of you may
think that I should have taken this
action earlier and that I should
have made this appearance here
before today. Tne reason that I £id
not do so, was that I was deter
mined to make every possible hu
man effort to avoid this strike ;
against the government and to !
make unnecessary the kind of 1
legislation which I am about to re
For months, publicly and private
ly, I have been supervising and
directing negotiations between the
railroad operations and the 20 dif
ferent railroad unions I have been
doing the same with respect to the
pending labor dispute in the coal
mines. Time and again I have seen
the leaders of the unions and the
representatives c-f the operators.
Many hours have been spent by me
personally and many days have
been spent by rry representatives
in attempting to negotiate settle
ments of these disputes.
I assure you thai u was not easy
to be patient. But until the very
last moment I made every effort
to avert this crisis. In fact my re
presentatives were in conference
with the two striking railroad
unions up to two hours before I
took my place at the microphone
last night.
Time for Action
However, when the strike actual
ly broke against the United States
government which was trying to
run the ra'lroads. the time for
negotiation definitely had passed
and the time rur action naa arriv
ed. In that action you the Congress
of the United States, and I, the
President of the United States,
must work together — and we must
work fast.
The action which I have already
taken, and the action which I shall
ask you to take are necessary for
the preservation of our govern
ment. That action is also necessary
to save the great and mighty mas
ses of working men and women
from the dangerous effects of the
ill-advised and misguided acts of
some of their own leaders.
This particular crisis has been
brought about by the obstinate
arrogance of two men. They are
Mr. Alvanlev Johnston, president
of the Brotherhood of Lomotive
Engineers, and Mr, A F. Whitney,
president of the Brotherhood of
Railway Trainmen. Eighteen other
unions and all of the railroad com
panies of the nation are ready to
run the railroads. These two men
have tried to stop thorn.
I can well appreciated the atti
tude of those members of the con
gress and those citizens of the
United States outside of the con
gress who W'ould seek to take ven
geance for the unpatriotic acts of
these two men. Howe-er, I am sure
that none of us wishes to take any
action which will injure labor.
The contribution of labor to the
growth of this country in peace
and to its victory in war, is at least
as great as that of any other group
in our population. Without well
paid, well housed, and well nouri
shed working men and women in
this country, it would stagnate and
decay. I am here not only to urge
speedy action to meet the imme
diate crisis, but also deliberate and
weighty consideration of any legis
lation which might affect the rights
of labor.
Must Preserve Benefits
The beneits which labor has gain
ed in the last thirteen years must
be preserved. I voted for all these
benefits while I was a member of
the congress. As President of the
United States I have repeatedly
urged not only their retention but
their improvement. I shall con
tinue to do so.
However, what we are dealing
with here is not labor as a whole.
We are dealing with a handful of
men who are striking against their
own government and against every
one of their fellow citizens.
We are dealing with a handful of!
men who have it within their pow
er to cripple the entire economy of
the nation.
I request temporary legislation
to take care of this immediate
crisis. I request permanent legisla
tion leading to the formulation of
a long-range labor policy designed
to prevent the recurrence of such
crises and generally to reduce stop
pages of work in all industries for
the future.
I request that the temporary leg
islation be effective only for a per
iod of six months after the declara
i tion by the President or by the
congress of the termination of hos
tilities. It should be applicable on
ly to those few industries in which
the President by proclamation de
clares that an emergency has
arisen which affects the entire
economy of the United States. It
should be effective only in those sit
uations where th£ President of the
United States has taken over the op
eration of the industry. In such sit
uations where the President h»»
requested the men either to re
main at work or to return to WftL'ls
and where such a request is ignor
ed, the legislation should: ,
,(A) authorize the institution of
injuctive or mandatory proceed
ings against any union leader for
bidding him from encouraging or
inciting members of the union to
leave their work or to refuse to re
turn to work; subjecting him to
contempt proceedings for failure
to obey any order of the court
made in such proceedings;
(B) deprive workers of their sen
iority rights who, without good,
cause, persist in striking against
the government.
(C) provide criminal penalties
against employers and union lead
ers who violate the provision* of
the act.
The legislation should provide
that after the government has tak
en over industry and has directed
the men to remain at work or re
turn to work, the wage scale be fix
ed either by negotiation or by ar
bitrators appointed by the Presi
dent and when so fixed, it shall be
This legislation must be used in
a way that is fair to capital and
labor alike. The President will not
permit either side — industry or
workers—to use it to further their
own selfish interest, or to foist up
on the government the carrying
out of their selfish aims.
Net profits of government opera
tion, if any, should go to the Treas
ury of the United States. As a part
of this temporary emergerncy leg
islation, I request the cocgress
immediately to authorize the Presi
dent to call into the arrrred forces
of the United States all workers
who are on strike against their
Word has just been received that
the rail strike has been settled on
terms proposed by the government.
These measures may appear to
you to be drastic. They are. I re
peat that I recommend them only
as temporary emergency expedi
ents and only in cases where work
ers are striking against the govern
I take this occasion again to re
quest early action by the congress
to continue the price control and
stabilization laws in ar effective
form. The stoppage of work in
many industries has brought about
a decline of production which has
caused great pressure upon price
levels. We must protect the work
ers whom we ask to remani on their
jobs, as well as the millions of
workers who have remained on
their jobs and the many millions
of other American citizens, against
the extraordinary inflation which
may come upon us. Delay by the
congress is daily increasing these
pressures and I urge immediate
I have said that I am most anx
ious—as I am sure the mapority of
the members of the congress are
—to do nothing which would in
jure labor or the cause of labor.
I believe that the time has come
to adopt a comprehensive labor
policy which will tend to reduce the
number of stoppages of work and
other acts which injure labor, capi
tal, and the whole population.
The general right ol workers to
strike against private employers
must be preserved.
I am sure, however, that ade
quate study and consideration can
produce permanent long-range leg
islation which will reduce the num
ber of occasions where that ulti
mate remedy has to be adopted.
The whole subject of labor rela
tions should be studied afresh.
I recommend the immediate
creation by the congress of a joint
Guest Pastor
Dr. Sydnor L. Stealey, pro
fessor of Church History at
the Southern Baptist Seminary,
Louisville, Ky., who will teach
one of the classes and preach
at several evening services in
the Baptist pastor's school
scheduled to begin in the South
sid" Bantis* church here to
morrow morning at 9:45 0 clock.
‘Operation Railroad’
Dissolves Few Minutes
Before The Zero Hour’
WASHINGTON, May 25.—(U.R)— I
The Army's “operation railroad”
dissolved today just three minutes
before the "zero hour.”
Troops had been concentrated at
key points, ready to run and pro
tect the strike-paralyzed railroads
of the anjtion.
President Truman had set the
deadline for 4 p.m., E. S. T. but
three minutes before the moment
set for action, the rail strike was
The Army had everything and
everyone ready for swift, effective
action—from Secretary of War Co
bert P. Patterson and Gen. Dwignt
D. Eisenhower, Army chief of staff,
down to the last G. I.
| committee to make that stud(y.
iThis committee should study the
, whole problem and, within a per
iod of six months bring in recom
mendations for appropriate legisla
tion which would be fair to labor
and to industry and to the public
at large.
I make these recommendations
for temporary and long-range leg
islation with the same emphasis on
each. They should both be part of
one program designed to maintain
our American system of private
enterprise with fairness and jpstice
to all the American citizens who
contribute to it.
Southside Baptist Church
Host To Delegations
For Five Days
Pastors from eight southeastern
North Carolina Baptist associ
ations will attend a school begin
ning here tomorrow morning at
9:45 o’clock and ending Friday at
9 p.m.
It is expected 110 pastors from
the districts will be in attendance
when the first session of the five
day school opens.
All classes and services will be
held in the Southside Saptist
church. The Rev. John 0 Walton
is pastor of the hostchurch and
will be in charge of arrangements.
Three classes will be held each
morning with the afternoons given
over to sightseeing and recreation.
The evening sessions will begin at
17:30 o’clock with a 30-minute class
followed by a preaching service at
8 o’clock."
The Rev. E. N. Johnson, of Lake
View', S. C., will have charge of
the first class in the mornings. He
will interpret John’s Gospel. The
second class will begin at 10:45
o’clock and will be conducted bv
W. K. McGee, director of religious
activities in the Captist hospital,
The third class will begin at
11:45 a.m. under the direction of
Dr. Sydnor L. Stealey, professor
of Church History at the Southern
Baptist seminary, Louisville, Ky.
L)r. kankey Lee Blanton, pastor
of the First Baptist church in Wil
mington. will preach at the serv
ices tomorrow night. Dr. Stealey
will have charge of the evening
services during the balance of the
Music for the evening services
will be presented by Newton J.
Kelly and his Southside church
Amethyst is composed of two
Greek words meaning “not to be
drunk.” The ancients believed this
stone would keep the wearer
11 Modern Hospitals
Given To VA By Army
The Army has turiu over 11
modern general hospitals to the
Veterans Administration and has
earmarked 14 more for that pur
pose. Maj. Gen. Norman T. Kirk,
Army surgeon general, said tonight.
The 11 hospitals already turned
over to VA contain 24,000 beds.
They include Foster. Jackson,
Miss., LaGard'. New Orleans, La.,
Thayer. Nashville, Finney, Thomas
ville. Ga.. McGuire. Richmond. Va.
formerly with the
Cape Fear Barber Shop
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7 say, our Dads ought to carry more life insurance
. mu Hill . I nil II ..IHH'IIIIIBIIIIIIWI I mw'llllliw ilPlilll H'l 'I
That's no joke, son. Whether your Daddy
carries Home Security Life Insurance or
not, he should review his policies and see
if they provide enough for present-day
needs. He should be sure there’s life insur
ance to assure your education. He should
make certain your Mother will have an income
to clothe and feed you. He should—and can—plan
now to leave ready cash to pay bills, taxes, and other
emergency expenses. If your Daddy is smart, he’ll
never become AWOL*.
Thousands of North Carolina fathers have Home
Security Life Insurance Programs ready to step in
and furnish an income to do these very things. Let
a friendly, experienced Home Security agent show
you how small amounts set aside regularly can build
an estate to protect your family’s future.
*(Absent without life insurance)
» * *
cfb rruLs SeciVuty
Horn* Office:Durham, N.C. • Biscom Baynes, President
Mrs. Juanita Seitter, Cashier.
SUPERINTENDENTS: Wilmington—L. D. Smith and E. L. Chadwick.
AGENTS: Wilmington—D. A. Church. Jr., D. W. Smith, J. L. Thorne,
W. Z. Moore, W. D. Warner, Jr., L. D. Kelly, H. E. Walton, J. G. Hunter.
Whiteville—J. G. White and E. L. White.

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