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The Wilmington morning star. [volume] (Wilmington, N.C.) 1909-1990, May 30, 1946, Image 4

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Wonting Star
published Daily r-xcept Sunday
North Carolina's Oldest Daily Newspaper
By The Wilmington Star-News
R. B. Page. Publisher_
‘ Telephone All Departments 2-3311
Entered as Second Class Matter at Wilming
ton N C.. Postoffice Under Act of Congress
of March 3, 1879 __
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THURSDAY. MAY 30. 1946
Oh, while the young day brightens o'er
the earth
And smiling peace enfolds the happy land,
Let faitli in every bosom finL its birth
And hr*pe and charity go hand in hand.
James B. Kenyon.
Winners All
Having established a remarkable
record at basketball, New Hanover
High school repeats in baseball by win
ning the Eastern Conference champion
ship, with only one game between it
and the state championship still to be
played with the winning club of the
Western Conference. ,
Win or lose in this last contest, Coach
Leon Erogden has brought the local
high school out of the doldrums in
. which it had floundered athletically
since the early days of the war.
Is there not, in these two fields of
competition, good indication that when
another football season rolls around
New Hanover will be right in there at
or close to the top?
There had not been time for Mr.
Erogden to develop a winning eleven
when the season opened last year. In
• the meantime he has been training
younger teams and working on the var
sity squad in the niceties that bring
victory, building up not only the tech-'
nique so necessary to any group in
any activity but the morale of players
in all branches of athletic endeavor.
When the Wild Cats come on the
gridiron for their first game next fall
It will need no expert to see the play
ers have what it takes to win.
New Hanover county is proud of its
high school scholastically. It may be
equally proud#of it in athletics.
The Next Economic Stage
Let your memories turn back, you
elders among us, to the time when capi
tal was the monopolistic force in the
national economy and through its greed
and exploitation forced workers to
band together in unions for their pro
tection. With the unionization of labor
the United States passed from one
economic stage to another.
Then the time came when labor was
the monopolistic force, a transforma
tion aided and abetted by a president
who taught labor to substitute for the
rights it had achieved the “gains” he
sponsored for political purposes, and
capital was crusified. The country is
in this economic stage at present In
every recent contest between labor and
capital, capital has been crowded aside
and labor victorious.
There is but one more stage to be
considered. Whether we are capable of
advancing to it remains to be seen. It
is the organization of the generally
low-rated “common man” who, whether
capital was in the saddle or labor, has
been indiscriminately forced to bear
the cost successively of capital’s and
labor’s monopoly.
It is the unorganized, ununionized
millions upon whom the economic se
curity of the nation rests. Let them
band together, under the influence of
pressing necessity and for their land’s
survival in freedom, to the end that
both capital and union labor shall be
brought into equitable relationship
and they no longer remain the victims
of both.
If this means Utopia, lets have it.

Labor Legislation
Labor legislation became more tangl
ed yesterday. The House passed the
Case bill with the Senate’s amend
ments, The Senate prepared to reject
President Truman’s bill, already adopt
ed by the House, authorizing induction
of strikers in government-seized plants
into the armed sendee. And President
Truman, piqued perhaps at opposition
in the Senate to his bill, is generally
thought to intend to veto the amended
Case bill
All of this may or may not have
been done when this newspaper reach
es your breakfast table. In any case, it
is obvious that legislation intended to
put brakes on labor is in a sorry mess.
As it is, Mr. Truman’s avowed de
sire to see the nation again freed from
labor bossism. it would seem that he can
have no reason to veto the bill as pass
ed by both Senate and House, even
though he does not agree in full with
all its provisions which, as reported
by the Associated Press, are:
1. Create a federal mediation board
with power to ban strikes or lockouts
for, 60 days while it seeks to solve them.
2. Permit civil suits against either
iabor or management if contracts are
3. Take away bargaining rights of
any individuals engaged in violence
while picketing or striking in violation
of the law.
4. Ban secondary boycotts to force
disputants to come to terms, (this is
designed to prevent jurisdictional dis
putes from tying up production). Vio
lates would be subject to loss of bar
gaining and reemployment rights.
5. Ban employer contributions to
worker-welfare funds administered ex
clusively by unions, (this was aimed
at John L. Lewis’ original demand for
a welfare fund financed by employers
through a 7 per cent payroll levy but
administered by the United Mine Work
6. Create fact-finding commissions to
determine points at issue in labor dis
putes involving public utilities.
7. Provide severe penalties for work
ers interfering with movement of goods
in interstate commerce, (this is design
ed to prevent unions from prohibiting
farmers from moving goods to market
8. Denies usual employe rights to
unions of supervisory workers.
V ho Rules Russia?
There’s another disagreement be
tween Secretary of State Byrnes and
Foreign Commissar Molotov. Mr.
Byrnes says that Premier Stalin of
the So\iet Union had agreed during a
conference in Moscow last December
to the American plan for a twenty-five
year four-power treaty to keep Ger
many disarmed. Mr. Molotov, who op
posed the proposal at the recent For
eign Ministers’ Conference in Paris,
insists that this can’t be true as upon
the occasion of Mr. Byrnes’ parley
with the Russian Premier last Decem
ber he did not have the draft of the
proposed treaty and therefore Stalin
could not have given his consent to it.
If a Washington dispatch accurately
quotes Mr. Byrnes, our Secretary of
State has claimed only that Stalin
agreed “in principle” to the American
proposal. The question of a draft of the
treaty has been injected by Mr. Molo
tov. There would appear to be no rea
son for questioning Mr. Byrnes’ declara
tion, but reason enough to think that
Mr. Molotov, whose entire postwar
career has been characterized by ob
structive tactics, brings the treaty
draft into discussion in an attempt to
discredit the United States Secretary
of State. In this case he is more clumsy
than adroit.
But the discussion itself is not as
interesting, in the final analysis, as
the question of Joseph Stalin’s real
position in ppstwar Russia, and who is
directing Mr. Molotov’s activities. Is
he actually Premier Stalin’s man, as
his position indicates, or the Russian
Army’s agent; and is Joseph Stalin
actually premier of Russia or only the
Army’s underling, permitted to hold
the title without the authority the
title implies?
The outside world, and especially the
Western “bloc,” will never be told, of
course, but evidence continues to pile
up that the Army is the real ruler of
Russia and that Mr. Molotov does its
bidding, using the name of Stalin de
■» ■
Fair Enough
(Copyright, by King Features Syndicate, Inc.)
Mrs. Eleanor Roosevelt’s recent expression
of sympathy for the striking coal miners, with
particular reference to their bleak social con
dition, is another example of that remarkable
inconsistency which ran through the story of
her husband's political life and still amazes
observers of her own career.
That two persons whose professed princi
ples contrast so sharply with their practices
could enjoy the confidence, even the adulation
of millions of those 'toilers who are least
favored by fortune, as the good life is under
stood by the fascist wing of the democratic
party, is a paradox beyond present under
standing. It is only a slight exaggeration, if
any, to say that Roosevelt was regarded as
a god by millions so prideless that they were
pleased to be called the common man and
no exaggeration at all t0 say that these and
many others thought him generous and above
Here we have today a woman in politics
and a member, though ineligible, of a sub
sidiary of the C.I.O., constantly patronizing
the down-trodden and rtspectfully reckoned by
the opposition as a dangerous electioneer
while, in the accumulating file of hard-won
information, there is proof that her late hus
band was, in the most conservative language,
a very practical man in his own business
! We find Mrs. Roosevelt now solicitous for
' the miners, though not exactly affectionate
toward Mr. Lewis, who runs their union, and
I are reminded of the coal properties in Penn
, sylvania owned and operated by the Delanos
and Roosevelts for half a century, where, as
! recently as 1940, the closing of the mines and
the company store left most of the inhabitants
of the company town of Vintondale destitute
and with little food. The company just closed
dow'n with the miners clamoring for their pay
and their families for bread.
Mrs. Roosevelt also mentioned a slight
! awareness of miners’ troubles during the first
j world war when, on the word of an authority
i close to the United Mine Workers, armed
guards patrolled the company’s streets and
the property paid dividends of more than 100
per cent. Among the t»cubies in the mines
during 1914, my informant in the U.M.W. re
calls a strike at the Delano-Roosevelt proper
ty which lasted seven months and was beaten
by the company, as others were in 1916, 1919
and 1922.
That Franklin D. Roosevelt was for a time
one of the owners of the mines we have the
word of Mrs. Roosevelt, herself, in a letter
from the White House in 1942, but a gap in
our information leaves us in doubt as to
whether he shared in the great profits of the
first war boom. There is reason to believe
he did. Many Delanos retained their interest
down through the winter of 1940 when the
company closed the mines and the regional
press in Pennsylvania reported that large
quantities of meat and other food were al
lowed to rot in the company store, eventually
being taken away by a scavenger.
Frederic Delano, an uncle of the late Presi
dent and one of the many kin-folks who found
jobs in the government during the Roosevelt’s
big bonanza, was the company’s chief ex
ecutive and carried on some of its business
from his office in the State department where
he held the title of chairman of the National
Resources Planning Board.
Now here we have a company town de
picted by our authority in the U.M.W. as one
of the worst imaginable company towns,
where the employer ran the schools, the local
administration of justice and even the
churches, unmistakably identified with the
clan of Roosevelt, and yet we find no mention
of the place or the troubles of these particular
miners in all the millions of words written
or spoken by Mrs. Roosevet, many of them
in strong criticism of inconsiderate employers.
Of course it is true that the .mines were
unionized in 1933, shortly after Roosevelt’s
first inauguration, and we may grant that he
sold out before that. But w>e are permitted
td surmise that this disposition of his interest
was not necessarily an act to disassociate
himself from a business whose methods of
fended his humane and social feelings but
more likely a riddance of a decadent invest
Nor should we forget that in return for the
patronage and benefits conferred by the
Roosevelt government during that first term,
the party received from John L. Lewis for
its 1936 campafgn one of the greatest single
gifts of slush in our political history.
It has been reported lately that Miss Grace
Tully, one of the secretaries of the late Presi
dent, is carefully preparing for historical in
formation a large collection of his papers.
Now if these be revealed in the naive sim
plicity of George Washington's accounts they
should show exactly how much he paid farm
hands and common laborers on his baronial
estate at Hyde Park, in which case, again
assuming complete candor and no editing it
would appear that he was not merely practi
cal but objective in his own dealings with the
common man, and not merely thrifty but
mean. We might even learn his profits from
the miners’ groceries at the company store.
We know, from his will, that he limited to
si,I'OO a year, or less than $20 a week, hi*
bequest for the assistance of his loyal secre
tary of many years’ service,. Miss Marguerite
Le Hand, ill beyond hope of recovery, whose
death spared her the problems of survival on
this pittance. And we know that his appreci
ation of faithful service by personal em
ployees was expressed in bequests of $ioo
Mrs. Roosevelt, of course, was not the head
of the family, but the nation and, indeed
the world were given to understand that she
was not reticent and was influential. Yet we
find Mrs.Roosevelt robustly active in the af
fairs of the C.I.O. and all its propaganda for
the underpaid and under-privileged and as
serting her own liberal principles on the very
day that a news dispatch reports that a young
woman, her clerk and secretary, killed in an
automobile wreck, was contributing to her
mother’s support on a salary of $25 a week
the same amount that President Truman
deemed the minimum dole for dislocated war
Winnie commuted back and forth between
Washington and London so often it is a won.
der the chancellor of the exchequer didn’t 'in
sist he buy a commutation ticket.
The bonefish, according to Factoeran'i* a
creases in size the older it becomes. At last'
the perfect reducing formula! last'
The Rockfish Muddle Could Well Be
Introduced Into The Wilmington Area
* A good eight weeks or more hav
ing passed since last I broached
the subject of food to you I’m
hoping you’ll pardon me for ven
turing onto a culinary topic at this
Assuming you’ll grant the pardon
I feel compelled to tell you that
having spent the past winter look
ing forward to the spring and sum
mer, I'm now spending the late
spring — and I will soon spend
the summer — looking forward to
the coming of fall.
Next fall, I am promised by Mr.
Hamilton Hicks, an invitation to a
mullet fry. And well may I look
forward to this. Mr. Hicks is the
gentleman who supervised the
planked shad supper I told you
about some weeks ago and it was
a success1, indeed.
All of this naturally turns my
thoughts toward food, and particu.
larly seafood. Certainly you must
know about such matters, but there
is a section in North Carolina, on
the Roanoke river around "Weldon,
where the boys — and this means,
of course, everybody including
bank presidents, ministers, filling
station operators, truck drivers,
lawyers, judges, and so on — get
together very frequently and go
through a ritual of brewing a sea
food concoction and eating it.
This concoction is called a
‘‘Rockfish muddle”. It is a most
pungent dish. As a matter of fact,
you don’t dare wear the same suit
to work tomorrow you wear on a
Rockfish muddle tonight.
To give you an idea: The word
is passed around late in the after
noon that one of'the boys has come
upon a mess of Rockfish. Striped
bass is the same thing. This word
is passed until you have any where
from a half dozen to two dozen,
even more, of the boys who’re in
terested. For the remainder of the
afternoon the boys lose interest in
everything else but getting ready
for the muddle. One will pick up a
piece of smoked pork — usually a
streak of lean and a streak of fat.
Another will scrounge around for
Day By Day
It used tc interest me greatly
to watch our boys grow in ability
to outstrip their father in physical
accomplishments. Now observe
that even Milady can outdo him
in the water True: I can swim
faster than she; but she can swim
farther. Long after I am winded
she is tirelessly swimming along’
Milady’s gift is the real one. The
world is full of short-distance
swimmers and workers—off with a
dash, and quickly tired. Every
pastor and every employer can tell
tales of these brilliant starters
who cannot carry on to the end’
The Bible is a book for stickers
to-it, endurers to the end. Chris
tians who can keep on, without
weariness or quitting.
We thank Thee, Father for a
Saviour who went the limit; Wtoom
nothing could delay or dismay or
discourage. We would be sharers
in His presevering faithfulness.
onions, the stronger the better.
Another will pick up some Irish
potatoes. Another some yellow corn
meal. Another some red pod pep
per. And the others will gather salt j
and pepper — the latter freshly j
ground, if possible — bay leaves, !
Worcestershire sauce, and any
thing else in the way of season
So finally the time for gathering
comes. The boys get their sacks of ;
this and that out and begin putting
all the ingredients — potatoes, on.
ions, seasonings, smoked pork,
meal, etc., into a large pot. The
pot should be large enough in
which to do a family’s week’s
wash. Be sure to figure on a very
large family.
These ingredients, which have
been dumped into two or three gal
lons of water, are allowed to boil
and simmer and stew for any
where from two to five hours, de
pending upon what sort of amuse
ment you might have arranged, or
that may have just extemporane
ously popped up, in the meantime.
Meanwhile, the Rockfish have
Deen cut into chunks about the size
of your fist. But you forget all
McKenney On
America’s Card Authority
While Mrs. McKenney and I
do not play as partners in many
tournaments, that does not mean
that I do not consider her a fine
player. While I do not actually
agree with the theory that hus
bands and wives do not make
good bridge partners, somehow or
other we do get along better when
we do not play. Here is a pretty
hand that she played recently.
Her opening bid was a little
optimistic, and her second bid
even more so.
She won the opening lead in her
hand with the ace of clubs. Rea
soning that if there were four
spades in one hand it would be
impossible to make the contract,
her next play was the* deuce of
diamonds to the ace and a small
diamond back, which she ruffed
with the four of spades
She led a small trump to dum
my’s jack and played another dia
mond, but this time she was
careful to trump with the queen
of spades.
A small spade was played to
dummy and a n o ther diamond
trumped. Thus the diamond suit
was established and she had a club
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♦ 84 ’’ ♦ K Q J 3
A J 8 7 4‘ S A 9 6
3 2 Dealer
Mrs. McKennej
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Duplicate—Neither vul.
South West North East
, i Pass 3 A Pass
tZ Pass 4 NT. Pass
1 ♦ Pass 5 N. T. Pass
V Pass f Double
Opening—* 4 30
about the fish until you’ve let the
potatoes and onions boil and sim
mer so long you cannot smell any
thing else in the neighborhood ex
cept the pungent odor of highly
seasoned potatoes and onions boil
ing with fat smoked pork.
About the time you are beginning
to think you’re going to faint from
the fumes, or from sheer hunger,
you dump the chunks of Rockfish
into the pot and then you let the
cauldron bubble for perhaps anoth
er hour.
It nas been said that by this time
you are so hungry you will believe '
that any food was sent you direct j
from the kitchen of Brillat Savarin.
But this isn’t true. It is the mouth
watering goodness of the muddle
that puts y°u in mind of Savarin,
not to mention Fanny Farmer.
You just grab a ladle and the :
biggest soup bowl you can find and
dish out the muddle. Every man
for himself. And then you set to
it. Muddle is most delicious when
you consume it with slumips.
There is something about the slur
ruping process that brings out the
full-bodied flavor — and it is full
bodied I not only can but will as- i
sure you — of the muddle.
Just in case you’re shying away .
from making yourself up a mess
of muddle because you can’t find
Rockfish, don’t. You can make
muddle out of about any type of
edible fish that swim* — and I'm
not so certain you couldn't'’do jus*
as well with inedible fish.
^ °.u m*y use puppy drum. '
croakers, black drum, sheeps
head. or anything of that sort.
After a fish has bee., doused into
the ingredients I have outlined to
you I cannot see that it rntfes a
great deal of difference what spe
cie the fish happened to be when ho
was first immersed.
National Soup
One doesn't blame the nation
al association of food folks who re
cently gave weighty and profound
consideration to this fundamental
problem. After due deliberation
and serious cogitation it was
solemly proclaimed that pea soup
was duly elected the national
“p‘onf Undoubtedly in the not.
distant future We shall have a
National Pea Soup Week
A good many men of perspicaci
ty aT6 aYeraSe acumen will I
acclaim the choice. Good thick
flavorful pea soup made with a
ham bone and allowed to set for
“ °V® hour,s after ‘he making
and before reheating is a gift for
the god,. But on,
labelling one soup the national
choice. There are those who think
mack bean soup made with piece*
of dried out salt pork the best
some will vote faithfully for onion’
A few discriminating S0U1S know
the completely satisfying goodness
of Parsnip stew or potato soup
well chinked with onion and saU
pork. And if you include chow
ders and stews, who can gainsay
the vote appeal of clam chowder
(made without tomatoes) oyster
stew or beef stew. _ Wall St
Proven Method
Shortly after being defeated for
re-election, Senator Harry S New
of Indiana was walking down a
corridor in the Capitol Xn he
was accosted by a woman visitor
who had lost her way.
"Pardon mt.” said she, "but I
Doctor Says—
Although no known diet will c
gallbladder infection or stones *L
patient will be more coir.f-rtaa’»
if he avoids those foods which
cause distress. The general war"
ing to eat less fat does not "fit
every case.
If the gallbladder patient i«
overweight, it is advisable f-- alra
to reduce, Tills improves .-.is' gfn
eral health, ar.d, if an ope.-a-ion
is advised, he is in much be er
condition fer it.
Another advantage in follow *■
a reduction diet is that «s- 1
smaller meals helps to control dis
tress. (Large meals are ap1-.
bring on trouble.)
Most patients with gallbladder
infection and stones are i .--.sti.
pated, and the excess of fruits
vegetables in the reducing diet
aids in overcoming bowe! « g.
The chief objection to a reduc
ing diet is that distress may be
produced by eating certain \ ea
tables. If cabbage and cauliflower
are avoided, and if others which
may cause distress are pureed
this difficulty can be overcome.
Gallbladder disease is not con
fined to the overweight, and a
smooth bland diet is recommend
ed for troubled thin persons.
I- there is a tendency to gaseous
distress at night, the patient
should eat a light evening meal
and have the large meal at noon!
Immediately alter a colic at!
tack, the diet is limited to liquids
such as milk soups and orange
juice. Later, strained cereals are
added, and them vegetables, lean
meat, and fish in moderation.
Among the vegetables, baked or
mashed potatoes, spinach, aspara.
gus, lettuce, and squash usually
cause the least distress.
Gallstones cannot be dissolved
by ar.y known medicine. Reme
dies" are sold which are said to
dissolve gallstones, but they con
sist of olive oil and salts. When
the two are mixed in the stomach
and intestines, small soapy lumps
are formed, and when these are
passed, the patient considers them
to be gallstones.
Occasionally, a gallstone will
pass down the duct from the gal
badaer to the intestine during an
attack, or a large stone may ulcer
ate through the gallbladder wall
into the intestine.
Gallbladder symptoms follow an
irregular course. They may not
bother the patient for months or
years, while at other time? they
cause continual distress which :t
relieved only by operation.
The Literary
THEN AND NOW, by W. Somer.
set Maugham (Doublediv;
Machiavelli. profligate author ol
“The Prince," and his machiave.
lian model, the ruthless and
scheming Caesar Borgia, ought to
whip up effectively into a spicy
dish, and Maugham here tries his
practised hand on them.
According to his story. Machia
velli with young Piero Giacomini
in his train sets out from Flor
ence as special envoy to Caesar,
then quartered at Imola The for
tunes of the republic and of the
Borgia hang precariously on wars
waged by mercenaries and on the
favor of Louis XII of France
Caesar (as Maugham spells it,
Cesar as on the jacket and Cerart
in Italian) wants Florence com
mitted to his side, but 'he wily
Florentines prefer to temporize
The main thread of the s’orv is
the negotiations between the two
men. Their imaginary interviews
are buttressed by schoolbook pas
sages about the history of the
period . . . imaginary history re
in spots, you suspect from one o;
tw'o inaccuracies.
Lest you get bored with if"
century statecraft.as indeed >'«>
might, Maugham alterna’es c hi
j cil hall with bedroom. Meeting the
attractive wife of an Imria digni
tary, Machiavelli falls in love with
her complaisant mother, an ob!:g
her. This intrique is advanced by
ing priest and the circumstance
that the husband, though impotent,
desires a son.
In the closing pages some years
later, Machiavelli turns his adven
ture into a comedy, of which he
says: “Its only purpose is
amuse.’’ This purpose ascribed by
the Italian to drama is a 1 so. a-!
the author claimed in a recent
speech in Washington, t h ■: mart
aim cf novels. Machiavelli frie"d
responds with this w
| “You'll have the critics do.cn
you like a thousand of b '
And that too could be ‘ d rn
now.” Even if critics agree that
the function of the now' is
while away time, like dd . s
thumbs, they will not f.i 1 a
satisfactory whiter away. It
dull pages, hackneyed
and stock characters, a;: OT”
pected in this author, a d la«s
his customary skill with words.
am trying to get out of the S*na*».
Can you tell me how to do i;.
"Madam.” replied the lan e d.:tjj
Senator, bowing low. ”1 *c:‘
suggest that you run in «r
diana primary.’’-Wall St.

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