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Horning &iar Published Daily Except Sunday North Carolina’s Oldest Daily Newspaper By The Wilmington Star-News R. B. Page, Publisher _ ' Telephone All Departments 2-3311 Entered as Second das* Matter at Wilming ton. N. C.. Postoffice Under Act of Congress of March 3, 1879 _ SUBSCRIPTION RATES BY CARRIER IN NEW HANOVER COUNTY Payable Weekly or in Advance Combl Star News nation 1 Week .. $ .30 $ .25 $ .5C } Month ... 1-30 1.W 2.15 3 Month* .- 3.90 3.2j 6.50 6 Month*.. 7.80 6.50 13.00 1YIT ..1- 15.60 13.00 26.00 (Above rates entitle subscriber to Sunday issue of Star-News)_ -SINGLE COPY Wilmington News . Morning Star .. £ Sunday Star-News . xUC " Bv Mail: Payable Strictly in Advance 3 Months .......$2.50 $2.00 $3.85 6 Months . 5.00 4.00 7.70 1 Year . 10.00 8.00 15.40 (Above rates entitle subscriber to Sunday issue of Star-news) __ WILMINGTON STAR (Daily Without Sunday) 3 Months—$1.85 6 Months—$3.70 1 Year—$7.46 When"remitting by mail please use check or U. S. P. O. money order. The Star-News can not be responsible for currency sent through the mails. _. MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS AND ALSO SERVED BY THE UNITED PRESS FRIDAY, MAY 31, 1946 _ TOP O’ THE MORNING O man, I beseech you do not treat God’s promises as if they were curiosities for a museum; but use them as every day sources of comfort. Trust the Lord whenever your time of need comes on. —Spurgeon. Bond Approval Despite Sunset Park’s antagonistic vote in the bond election, the proposal was adopted by the greater city al most three to one. The result is that the City Council, through the proper departments, may proceed with instal lations promised the recently annexed suburban areas, including Sunset Park. These improvements include exten sion of water facilities, of sanitary sewers, of the fire alarm system, ad ditional fire-fighting equipment and street paving throughout the annexed regions. The cost has been estimated at SI,003,00—the total of the bonds— and the confident expectation of the Council on information from its fi nance officers is that revenue from the services, particularly water and sew er, will be sufficient to take care of in terest payments and create a sinking fund for their retirement upon ma turity, without any increase in the tax rate. By voting the bonds, Wilmington takes another step forward. The result justifies the faith of forehanded citi zens in the city’s continued progress and ultimate leadership among chief municipalities in the state. The old fear of bonded indebtedness, which for so many years held Wilmington back, at last is disappearing. The sooner it is eliminated the faster will be this city’s advancement. A Long Chance The $1,380,000,000 loan in cash and credits to France will help that na tion back to its old position in the world, but only if every penny thus placed at its disposal goes into restora tion. At the same time the United States is taking a long chance on seeing part of the loan diverted to the cause of com munism and the strengthening of Rus sia’s grip on Continental Europe. There is no reason to doubt that Moscow’s influence in France is on the increase. Should some later national election result in installing the French Communist party at Paris, with a com munist majority in the Chamber of Deputies, and a communist Cabinet presided over by a communist presi dent, Russia, and not France, would turn out to be the ultimate beneficiary. The People Pay When you scatter the fog that or dinarily closes over federal edicts Chester Bowles’ announced intention to add a quarter billion dollars to American Housewives’ dairy product bill early in June and the alleged pro posal of Congress to do away with subsidies in the dairy industry amount to the same thing. In both cases, were subsidies to take the place of advanced costs of milk, cream and cheese, the money would still come from the people. Every dollar drawn from the national Treasury, whether for foreign loans, subsidies or peanuts, went into the Treasury in the first place from the taxpayers. It’s always the people who pay. It Is To Laugh Settlement of the strike in bitumin ous coal fields is announced by John L. Lewis and Secretary of the-Interior Krug, with President Truman’s ap proval. Lewis has ordered the miners back to the pits, with their pay raised eigh teen and one-half cents an hour, and Lewis to collect five cents a ton on all coal mined for his health and hos pital fund. This is two cents less than he had demanded and the fund, instead of coming under exclusive union ad ministration, will be dispensed by a three-man board, one of union choice, one selected by Krug and the third picked by the other two. In a few years this will make Croe sus look like a pauper. And the con suming public, the civilians needing a few tons for heat in winter and in dustries requiring millions of tons year ly for normal operation, are once more the suckers. The settlement is pleasing to Wash ington and the miners. How the opera tors will react had not been revealed when this was written, but inasmuch as the men who put up the money to keep industries running have no real voice in labor disputes it really makes no difference how they react. They’ll pay up or Lewis, who has repeatedly demonstrated that he holds higher power than the government, will order the men out again, and Mr. Krug and Mr. Truman will have the whole job to do over again, making greater concessions to the miners, imposing heavier burdens upon the operators, and squeezing the consumers harder than ever. What a joke it is to hear Joseph Stalin castigate the United States as a “capitalistic” nation! There is noth ing in our national life held is such disrespect as capital. While bituminous coal mine opera tors are being cornered and the con suming public bilked, miners in the anthrocite coal fields are prepared to walk out on Tuesday unless a new contract with this group of operators is signed in the meantime. If this additional fuel strike is to be staved off it behooves Mr. Truman to sign the labor control bill just pass ed by both branches of Congress. It may not be his ideal of labor legisla tion, but it offers the public some security against the predatory lords of labor. Want To Enlist With graduation over, it is interest ing to note what the young men now1 hugging high school diplomas propose to do. An article in the Wilmington News a few days ago reveals the atti tude of a cross-section of seniors in the Government and Public Affairs clas ses at New Hanover. We quote briefly: “. . . the average boy finishii(£ up his high school career this year, finds himself in an unusual position: for the past four years, until almost too late to plan otherwise, he took for granted that the end of high school would mean entrance into the Army, the Navy, the Marine corps, Coast Guard or Merchant' marine. With the undis turbed philosophy only teen-agers possess, the average youngster made up his mind somewhere during his High school career that it would be the service for him upon graduation.” The article, analyzing motives chief ly dominating the position of the boys, found four principal reasons for so many looking forward to military training. It is “our patriotic duty,” they say. It is our “obligation” to help see commitments of the nation, in its new position of world leadership, carried out. We can’t continue our education at college or university because they will be crowded by GI’s; military serv ice for a couple of years, therefore, of fers us the best out, after which we can get admission to the places of high er learning under the GI Bill of Rights. As the Army and Navy offer a better education than most of us could oth erwise get, it would be foolish to neg i lect the chance to enlist. The conclusion, based on this sur vey, naturally is that Congress erred in eliminating the draft of teen-age boys. As the article says: “The young sters were frankly outspoken in their belief that Congress had made a mis take in altering the draft law insofar as it related to their age-group.” Unless parental persuasion is effec tive it is probable that the Army Re cruiting office here is in for a period of lively business, now that graduation has passed. Fair Enough By WESTBROOK PEGLER (Copyright, by King Features Syndicate, Inc-) Henry Morgenthau, formerly our Secretary of the treasury, has become a world states man and an active adherent of the left wing of the Democratic party, whose plumage ranges from pink to red. His policies and politics are those of Mrs. Eleanor Roosevelt, whose association with the Political Action committee, though denied when it was first revealed by the Dies committee, is now open ly admitted. A few months ago, I reported that during the war and the gasoline shortage when ci vilians and even service men on leave were allowed only two and one-half gallons of gaso line each week, and low-grade fuel at that, Mr Morgenthau had a Coast Guard plane for his personal use on trips between Washing ton and his up-country estate at Beacon, N. Y-, and wherever else he cared to fly. This plane, a fast, luxurious Lockheed lodestar burned between 70 and 80 gallons of the best gasoline each way on the routine Beacon trips and carried a crew of two officers and two enlisted Coast Guardsmen. The entire ex pense, including the pay of the crew and maintenance men, the cost of the ship and its upkeep was borne bv the common man. It was Henry’s private flying machine. This revelation, confirmed with minor and easily refutable exceptions, by Mr. Morgen thau, himself, elicited from an attorney in Washington, formerly in the government serv ice, a recollection that a Republican attorney general once was called upon to reimburse the Treasury for railroad and Pullman tickets obtained through government transportation requests for trips to and from his home. This error came to the notice of the general ac counting office and Johr R, McCarl, the comptroller-general, scrupulously required the attorney general to pay for his accommo dations. On this precedent, Lindsay C. Warren, the present comptroller - general, was asked whether Mr. Morgenthau would be required to pay foi his airplane transportation on his piivate personal trips, the number of which Mr. Morgenthau could not remember. He could not remember whether he had taken 20 or 50 of these flights to Beacon. I refrain from mentioning the name of the Republican attorney general because Mr. Warren says the records of the general ac counting office, on first inspection, revealed no such incident. Proceeding, then, to the problem of Mr. Morgenthau’s travel by Coast Guard planed Mr. Warren explains that beyond establishing the actual purchase of the plane for a legal purpose, the accounting office has no authori ty* The regulation of the use of such property is the duty of the department which owns it. In this case the department was the Navy. By what interpretation or stretch of its regu lations the Navy could have approved this use °* its lodestar, we do not know. Probably* there was no legal justification and sea lawyers will now be set to work to make one. Now we come to another interesting mani festation of that sense of personal precious ness, privilege and aristocracy which marked the conduct of the condescending adminis trators of the more abundant life. A person formerly employed by the Treas ury alleges that a Lincoln car, assigned to the New York office of the Secret Service, which Morgenthau commanded as Secretary of the Treasury, was reserved for Henry’s own use when he came to New Yoilk and, on one occasion, was sent to Massachusetts, in a blizzard, to fetch a member of the Mor genthau family to Beacon. The Lincoln made numerous trips to Beacon and a Secret Service agent was detailed to drive and guard Mor genthau. All this time Henry’s office was in Washing ton. After Mr. Morgenthau became air-minded and got his lodestar from his friend, Mr. Rooseveit, and an airfield had been built for their convenience near their homes, the task of guarding Henry became really complex. One Secret Service car would be stationed at Camden, N. J., another at Newark and a third at Beacon. All were burning gasoline in rationing time, each v/eek-end that Henry flew home. By radio, the three cars would keep in touch from the time he left Washing ton until the Beacon car told the others that he had arrived. There were two agents in each of the Camden and Newark cars and one at Beacon. So, five government men hovered over our Secretary of the Treasury. The Treasury held that Morgenthau's work wherever he was but did not inquire whether the boss should have remained on his job his office in Washington where he elongea. Morgenthau says there was nothing furtive about his use nf the plane and hi* consumption of the precious gasoline, but that is a _ new dealer’s morality speaking. His luxurious privilege was hidden by the censor smp which forbade publication of the move ments of his lodestar, and he knew it and relied on this secrecy. Thus he was spared t ie resentment that would have been aroused in citizens who risked their neck coasting on hills to stretch their gasoline rations; denied themselves little trips to visit their children and endured the bullying of Harold Ickes as general administrator of the scant supply. Editorial Comment HOGGING AND HOARDING P?rloci inadequate supplies and un precedented demands for goods might be with faiCZsdC^bly 11 311 Americans acted a \ense nf • ^consideration for others and ‘ ® of individual responsibility for the The ma" S°°d ’n 3 firne of extreme difficulty, to ref 3-°ril7 Americans probably do try Leir share h^ tF*”* to ®et than who eoe 6’, bj there is a larSe minority who - ,0 llnnk only of themselves and matte1^S01t t0 practices which can only make Dispatch '56 ia ecneral.-Richmond Times “SHARP CURVES AHEAD!” Perhaps That Trek Into Lower Bladen Might Well Be Another Grail Search By JOHN SIKES It is pleasing to report that the mails have brought me prompt word from Mrs. Lorena C. Rawls in reply to an item I jotted down here the other day about a trek I'm planning to make into Lower Bladen county. You may recall—or, on the other hand, you may never have heard of it—that I mentioned that Mrs. Rawls is the Star correspondent in Lower Bladen. Personally, I have for a long time been very much interested in the goings-on over in Lower Bladen as chronicled by Mrs. Rawls. Her items have a homey flavor that Is missing in most of the blase and cynical items that come into my cubby hole from the four corners of the earth, to coin a phrase. Which reminds me that I am of the unbudgable opinion that most of you had rather have your break fast paper tinged with the humani ties—the homey, amiable humani ties—than the gore and strife and perplexities that stream over the wires into all newspaper offics. If lam wrong, write me a note and strife you shall have because that is one item the OPA need not be bothered with. It cannot be ration ed and it is cheap. But, back to Mrs. Rawls and her note to me: “And you ure planning to take a trek to Lower Bladen and to call by to meet your Currie cor respondent in the near future. Wcl come to ‘Cabin o’ Wildwood's’, my country home way out here in the swamps, bays, and sandhills ‘be tween the rivers’, “But. let me inform you: you had better wait until the road is in better shape for travel for you may have to linger in this direc tion longer than you would wish. I will inform you when it is safe Religion Day By Day By WILLIAM T. ELLIS THE BIG PARADES There is social significance in the great parades ana mass out pourings which have attended the return of war heroes. People want to feel, and to express, their soli darity with the Cause which the soldiers so brilliantly served. They, too, know themselves to have been a part of the war. Sheer interest in seeing the men about whom we have read, and a deep human desire to be a part of the events of our times, are other factors in calling forth the crowds. Such demonstrations are also an escape from the monotony of life’s routine. The Roman au thorities who provided "bread and circuses’’ for the populace knew their psychology. Since the war there has been an increase in- religious conventions and mass meetings. The crowd in stinct is stirring. The task con sciousness is increasing. As we be hold the great companies that as semble behind the banner of the cross, we recall the multitudes of old who thronged Jesus. l_ For the mass interests and movements of our time, we thank Thee, O God, whose omnipotent Spirit is stirring the hearts of men. Amen. for you to venture up this way and give you full directions how to find where I live. And you must please let me know the exact date and hour of the day you expect to arrive. “The old pot you spoke of (this is the boiling pot in which food was cooked for Colonials who spanked the Redcoats in Revolu tionary days) is not as old as you think and none too large. But, really, it has a story or two behind the covers which I shall be eager to relate. Your article has aroused much comment. I like to keep the public stirred. Don’t you? It is good for them. “My faithful old colored woman will be here to prepare you a noon-day meal if you let me know in advance when to expect you. And, remember, I live not only in the woods but in a house under construction, but welcome to ‘Cabin o’ Wildwoods’.” Naturally, the first comment I have to make is about that busi ness of the noon-day meal. Mrs. Rawls. Would it be better for me to wait until the winter when the smoke from oak and hickory fires is comingling with the fresh, frosty and baggy air of an early McKenney On BRIDGE BY WILLIAM E. McKENNEY America’s Card Authority The treasurer of the American Contract Bridge League, Bertram Lebhar, Jr., known to radio fans as sports commentator Bert Lee, has a keen sense of humor. I ask ed him for a good bridge hand re cently, and he gave me this one. East cashed two club tricks and shifted to the king of spades. “Now,” Lebhar asked, “what is the only play that will make the hand?” It’s a safety play—a lead of the jack of diamonds to dummy. Declarer needs two entries to dummy, one so he can lead the ten of hearts and take the finesse; then when he finesses the jack of hearts and cashes the ace, he has to get back into dummv to pick up the queen of hearts' with his king. He can ruff a spade for one entry, and he creates the second entry by the play of the jack of diamonds. Of course, if West re fuses to win with the diamond queen, declarer does not have to lose a diamond trick and there fore he can afford to give up one heart. *9 ¥K 109 5 3 ♦ 108 42 + J96 4kQ J64 32 ¥7 ♦ Q75 « 10 5 2 4k A 10 7 5 ¥ A J 6 ♦ AKJ3 1 4.Q8 Duplicate—N-S vul. South West North East 1 ♦ Pass 1 ¥ Pass 1A Double 2 ♦ Pass 2 ¥ Pass 3 ¥ Pass 4 ¥ Pass Pass Double Opening—* K 31 morning and the hogs are hanging steamingly from the gallows? There is something about hog killing time that brings a nos talgic' fear to my eye and I am sure that Lower Bladen could give me everything I ever expected to expect in the way of a good coun try hog-killing. This, however, is up to you, Mrs. Rawls. Any time those roads are passable, in your opinion, suits me. Now, about this business of stir ring up the public because it is good for them. Because of the vagaries of human nature, includ ing my own, I have long since ceased to judge what is good' and what is not good for the public. In my younger and crusading days I was always picking myself a hand some tangent, climbing aboard it, and riding wildly and galahadly off on it. It was my thought then that there was a Holy Grail some where that the public should have and, by the beard of King Arthur, I was, astride my tangent, going to bring it back to them. But, as I say, I’m no longer certain what the public should have, whether or no they want it. I have several Holy Grails packed away in an old grain bin somewhere that the public never would accept. So, becoming some what discouraged, those Grails still are in those old grain bins. If you’ll forgive my saying so, Mrs. Rawls, I'm not at all cer tain, but it seems to me that what the public really needs in these days is a place like Lower Bladen to head into; a place where there are no roads and where somebody is ready and willing to give minute directions to point the way to the Cabin o Wildwoods’. a^erjai?!y’, it: seems the Public— of Sh.r /urg6t rm a member of that vast boc\ -has lost its way m the maze of fancy highways we’re plunging madly down today impoSsibleSOfry' Xt seems almost SSinfdown6 t0 k6eP Ul3t By vLrmdirptet<?Ugh’ MrS’ Rawls. flndTe way tl0nS Perhaps 1 can STAR Dust Nothing Missing oolledP mate, a Si «e“L h,rdTrk‘fg ftKb “dpp?,"'„thlm *b«“l »“ jrandMaer', lopco>l S3, .ba^o^Sd Naturally Colonel Tackhale, of Vicksburg was a gentleman ofthe old iree and easy and of verv con vivial habits. On .he street one' mormng. about 9 o’clock he chanced to meet an old crony whose company he had shared on the evening before. “Cuh’nei,” called out his friend how do you feel, suh?” The colonel snorted at the non sensical nature of the query feeUikeh" he d?clared ta«ly. “I reel like h-, suh. as any Suthron gentleman should feel, suh at this Journal ^ mawnin’-”—Wail Street Doctor Soys— UNDULANT FEVER CURABLE DISEASE By WILLIAM A. O'BRIEN’., M n Questions received from readers this week included the f-.Uowr.r QUESTION: Is brucellosis (Un dulant fe\ er) completely curable? Is it on the increase? Would vou advise everyone to drink pas'e '. ized milk for this reason alone? ANSWER: From 2 to 3 per cent of patients with brucellosis suj. cumb to the infection. The ave-! age duration of recovered case , from three to four- months, but about 10 per cent last from six months to three years. Occas:nP. ally, cases of long standing (e;»ht to 10 years) have been cured.5' For information as to the inci dence of the infaction in vpur state, write to the director of the State Health Department. When milk is properly pasteur. ized, germs of both animal dis eases and human origin are de stroyed. The animal disease germi destroyed include those of Bruce!, losis, tuberculosis, foot and mouth disease, and certain intestinal ail ments. Germs of typhoid fever, septic sore throat, scarlet fever! diphtheria, and tuberculosis, all o! human origin, are also destroyed by the pasteurization process. QUESTION: I take exception t0 your statement that a physician can, without causing pain, insert an instrument between tile ribs and with it cut the adhesions in', terfering with lung movement. All his is true, except that cutting the adhesions does cause pain. What have you to say about this? ANSWER: The first stage is rendered painless by inserting novocaine into the tissues before the instrument is passed between the ribs for the operation 'called pneumonolysis) of cutting the ad. hesions. To eliminate pain when the adhesions are cut. novocaine can be injected into the base a: tached t0 the chest wall. QUESTION: I have large cal louses on the outside of both fee:, and they hurt me a loh I am 37 years old. I had infantile paraly. sis when I was three years old, and, as a result, my feet are de formed. Is there any way in which the callouses can be removed’ ANSWER: It will be necessary to have a surgical operation per formed on your feet to correct their condition before you cun be free of callouses. If your physician does not perform this operation, he will refer you to someone who does. QUESTION: I have started sac. bathing under a sun-iamp. if.ii this cause cancer of the skin? ANSWER: Cancer of the skin develops, in susceptible persons, from exposure to the ultra-viole: rays in sunlight, following pro longed exposure in outdoor occu pations. It is not likely that sun bathing under a lamp will be harmful, if excessive exposure is avoided. The Literary Guidepost By joe wing ALEXANDER OE MACEDON, by Harold Lamb (Doubleday; $3.50). If Harold Lamb wrote this boc* to prove that despots have a 1 in common, he did pretty v At the same time, he made a ra - tling good story as usual out o! ancient chronicles — stepped tip with a few psychological theories plus hypothetical conversations that lend verisimilitude to what might otherwise be bald and un interesting interludes. Alexander the Great, as ®J history book used to cail bar. took Greece even easier than dr ier took Germany. Using the army perfected by his predecesst r. It: brought the divided city state ° their knees, and wiped out Cor. ' as an object lesson to all who might stand against him. Then ' get more living space, protect h borders and gain control o seas, he led his phalanxes against the dominant Persian empire. Once started he didn’t knot' when to stop. In fact he didn. stop until far past the horizon ti the then known world when ! India, a mutiny among h troops turned him back. Relying less and less on veteran generals, more and more on own intuition, he improvised sure fire tactics, drove his engineers n marvelous technical attainment At a sign of disagreement, ® purged his top command rutnles" ly. His troops, quite "correct first in their attitudes towards w* conquered, became more harden? with each battle, finally cred whole populations, Alexander finally went to P '"1;, physically after stand. ' for something more years. But it. was mn 1 ar.n, w poison, that got him, at the height of his pov. • than at the collapse of nis pire- ..,.a-d,. The collapse came a with the Hellenic world up into the elements of Mace > Asia Minor, Egypt o:l BaJ. j Yet the deeds of Alcxarsc. ^ afterwards, physically for ations and in the min: even now.