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JUiltttitujtnn iUorning #tar North Carolina's Oldest Daily Newspaper ‘ Published Daily Except Sunday By The Wilmington Star-News R. B. Page, Publisher^^_ " Telephone All Departments 2-3311_ Entered as Second Class Matter "at Wilming ton N. C.. Postoffice Under Act of Congress of March 3, 1879_ ‘ SUBSCRIPTION RATES BY CARRIER IN NEW HANOVER COUNTY Payable Weekly or in Advance Combi Star News nation 1 Week .* -30 $ -25 $ .50 1 \Ionth . 1.30 1.10 2.15 3 Months . .. 3.90 3.25 6.50 6 Months . 2.80 6.50 13.00 1 Year ..- 15 60 13.00 26.00 (Above rates entitle subscriber to Sunday issue of Star-News) _ ~ ' SINGLE COPY Wilmington News . .— 5c Morning Star .... 5c Sunday Star-News..— 10c Bv Mail: Payable Strictly in Advance 3 Months . *2.50 $2.00 $3.85 6 Months . 5.00 4.00 7.70 i year _ 10.00 8.00 15.40 (Abovfe rates entitle subscriber to Sunday issue of Star-News)_ WILMINGTON 5TA R (Dailv Without Sunday) S Months—$1.85 6 Months—$3.70 1 Year—$7.40 When remitting by mail please use check or u. S P O money'order The Star-News can not be responsible for currency sent through the rr.a:!s. MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS AND ALSO SERVED BY THE UNITED PRESS TUESDAY' JUNE 25 1946 TOP O’ THE MORNING This is a new dav Oh wake to its worth’. A gift of High Heaven To all upon Earth. Clare Upham Bete Truck Lane As was to be expected, there has been criticism of the truck lane out lined at the last session of the City Council. It is not the best route that could be selected, especially as it would traverse a short distance through Forest Hills which is among the city’s most choice residential districts. If it were located there it would either prevent further dwelling construction along its borders or materially lower the value of building property. But there is no need to get hot and bothered about this particular route. There are others available and the people of the city are assured by both Mayor Lane and Acting City Man ager Benson that no final action will be taken until all are thoroughly in vestigated and conference has been held with the State Highway Department. The one essential step which must be taken is to get the trucks, particu larly the oil tankers, off Third street, their favorite route, and Fifth and Market as well. Despite all that has been said in an effort to stop the nui sance they create on Third street, oil tankers are still traveling at high speed through this thickly populated area at night, thundering like freight trains, wakening sleepers, disturbing invalids, and cracking walls and win dows. Until they are required to move to another route, where residents will not be disturbed by their passage, the police are urged to keep a patrol car on Third street at night and compel drivers to observe the speed limit or submit to arrest. By this process, we are certain, the violation of the speed ordinance and the disturbance they now make night ly, will soon be abated. No Place For School Rumors have recently been heard of a proposal to construct a junior col lege, when the time comes, on a tract near the headquarters buildings in the Bluethenthal airport reservation. It is seriously to be questioned if an airport is the proper place for a school. Certainly there would be un necessary danger of accident to pupils. Such a project, however, would be unnecessary, in any case, as the build ing for a junior college is already built. The Lake Forest school was constructed with this use in view. The government paid the bill with the proviso that when and if the building should not be used for school purposes it would revert to the government. To build another school on another site would represent a waste of public funds. Furthermore it is doubtful if m. building better adapted to the needs »f a junior college could be designed. Government Lends A Hand This government proposal to dis mantle barracks and other buildings in surplus Army camps to build houses for veterans is among the more help ful plans originating in Washington. It is expected that enough lumber will be salvaged to construct about 125,000 three-bedroom homes. Roughly esti mated at least 1,500,000,000 board feet will be released for essential dwellings. It may well turn out that building materials dealers will protest the effort on the ground that it will place the government in competition with them, but such a complaint is not sound, since the dealers had previously sold the lumber to the government and also be cause they are unprepared to provide enough to meet current building needs. Too many veterans’ families are hous ed in inadequate quarters as it is. Furthermore the lumber trade can thus concentrate its best efforts and the larger part of its accumulating stock to meeting civilian requirements for new homes and apartment houses. Something of this sort has been un derway at Camp Davis for some time, where dormatories are to be taken down, shipped to Washington, and recon structed as four-apartment buildings as a means of relieving the capital’s housing shortage. Even with the Navy moving in at Camp Davis, there will still be a surplus of buildings to be torn down and rebuilt into more modest but entirely comfortable homes. It may be accepted that the situa tion is the same, in varying degree, in all camps used for training 'troops in all sections of the country. Their demolition, with the materials being used in meeting the general housing shortage is not only a humanitarian step, but an economic one as well. Let the work start soon and be prosecuted to a speedy conclusion. Cost Is Secondary There is qriticism of the forthcom ing atomic bomb tests at Bikini on the score of their cost. Critics claim the expense will top half a billion dollars, which naval authorities declare a gross exaggeration. Commander Lawrence Julihan declares they will not exceed the cost of a single battleship of the Iowa class, roughly estimated at $110, 000.000. Perhaps neither figure is accurate, but it would appear that, in a case like this, expense is not as important as the lessons that may be learned from the operation. Atomic bombs, de spite the destruction wmought by the two used in Japan, are still largely unknown quantities. They are the X in the war equation. What they can do over land was fairly well established at Hiroshima and Nagasaki although the bombs them selves were inferior to later products. What they can do with their present increased power to naval ships is still to be discovered. This is why ships of many designs have been gathered off an isolated atoll in the Marshalls as targets. The operation, therefore, is well calculated to determine how well or how poorly present-day naval construc tion can withstand atomic attack and what structural changes may be need ed to enable the Navy in event of an other war to travel on the surface of the sea under the atomic menace or whether it will be necessary to resort exclusively to submarines. It is not improbable that what is learned from these tests could be the means of sav ing great numbers of lives in another war emergency. In this, that is if the tests do what they are expected to do, and in view of the irreplacable value of human life, the cost, whether half a billion or a hundred million, will be cheap. Editorial Comment GRANDMA GOVERNMENT While in the United States are still millions of men and women who reject the theory that the world owes them a living, there are other millions convinced that government (the taxpayers) ought to support them in com fort or luxury, that somehow or other the curse pronounced against Adam when he was driven from the Garden should be removed. —Charleston (S. C.) News and Courier. WHERE IT COMES FROM The Chronicle is almost persuaded to the belief that the heat wave which we are now being subjected to is a reflection from the torrid Georgia and South Carolina political campaigns.—Augusta (Ga.) Chronic) Fair Enough BY WESTBROOK PEGLER (Copyright 1846 by King Features Syndicate, Inc.) NEW YORK, June 24. — The treaty by which the United States recognized the Russian dic tatorship contained an implied admission that Russia had interfered in the domestic affairs of this country, object violent revolution, and amounted to one of those cease and desist orders which the Labor Relations Board uses to devil and humiliate employers who have illegally expressed the opinion that some or ganizer hanging around the plant is a com munist or an underworld racketeer. If Russia hadn’t been in the habit of promoting strikes and disorders to injure the U. S. A. there would have been no occasion for a pledge not to do this thereafter. On the record of bolshevik cynicism there was no reason to hope that the international communist conspiracy, head, quarters Moscow, would keep that promise and experience has shown that it was kept only during the period of Russia’s peril and only for Russia’s sake because her life depend ed on American war production and shipping and, of course, on American fighting strength. In 1943, an announcement came from Mos cow' which most Americans eagerly interpret ed to mean that the international conspiracy had been dissolved, on close analysis, how ever, a few skeptics perceived that this foggy jumble cf ideological jargon, resembling, in its obscurity, an opinion by Felix Frankfur ter, actually said no suen thing. Throughout the life of the Dies committee, a cumulative record was built up showing the ramifications of this conspiracy in the new deal government, in Hollywood and in the union movement. There was abundant evidence of traitorous conduct and association by thousands of natives and immigrants enjoying the rights and privileges of American citizenship who invoked those very rights and privileges in their treacherous activity. The record has been preserved and may some day be found useful in the prevention of sabotage of this nation’s interests in favor of the rival inter ests of the Soviet Union. Individuals who, dur ing the recent war, were suspected of sympath with the Hitler dictatorship on much less con. vincing evidence, were indicted and harrassed while tnese communists and the less forth right and, therefore, more dangerous traitors allied with them, were encouraged to flaunt their impudence and disloyalty. The Russian attitude toward us cnangeu a few days after the war ir. Europe ended. The leader of the communist treason in France, which resulted in the submission of French Army units to the Germans without a fight, had been given asylum in Russia. He has now returned to the country he had betrayed to serve fuither the long campaign to conquer Christianity. From a French communist came a statement of a new policy repudiating the temporary, war-time cooperation between the American communists and the American gov ernment and capitalistic society. That repu diation made it necessary for the American communists to get rid of Earl Browder, who had managed the cooperation as an emerg ency measure primarily in Russia’s interest. He had served the cause well however, so after a period in obscurity and ostensible dis favor, he was invited and helped to visit Mos cow for discussion of future plans. Other Americans, wno still hope that through association with the Russian people and ac quaintance with their way of life a populat affection might be cultivated which would make war less probable, are barred. As Win ston Churchill put it, Russia lowered an iron curtain and Americans are excluded while in this country not only Russian visitors but thousands of enemies holding American citi zenship are permitted to move about with no restraint end to work in factories, laboratories and offices where they have access to almost all the information there is. They have two unions, one embracing scientists, the other confidential office workers, which follow the communist political line in all things, whose members, in many circumstances, are forced on employers who distrust them, by orders of the Labor Relations hoard under the auth ority of the Wagner Act. This is the character of the nation which, up to now, has frustrated every attempt to close out the war, establish peaceful relations with the enemy countries and set up some sem blance of self-government in conquered terri tory. Brutal, utterly dishonest, invariably treach erous in her dealings with us and others, sec retive, suspicious and truculent, this is the friendly government which now proposes that, because she thus far has been unable to manu facture atom bombs, the United States shall destroy her atom bombs and promise to make no more. We may be sure that, because the commun ists are so stealthy and we have been so naive, they will soon have all the secrets if they do not possess them already. In time, therefore, Russia would be manufacturing atom bombs ( behind her iron curtain while the United States, having disposed of her stock, would permit communists in our midst to make sure that we did not manufacture any more. QUOTATIONS Triggering an earthquake by an atom bomb explosion is a most unlikely event. Destruction of our cities by atom bombs is a rathei likely consequence of the discovery of atomic energy. It must be prevented by making national co operation replace international rivalry, partic ularly in this important field.—Dr. David R. Inglis, Johns Hopkins U. physicist. * * * Liberty is on the bargain tables all over America today at a discount and exchange prices. We are trading it away for all kinds of social experiments, fathered by those who would change our form oi government.—Pot ter N. Emerson, president Kiwanis Interna, tional. * • * When they (government employes) get 52 Sundays and 52 Saturdays off, a month s va cation plus a lot of sick leave, they only work about half the 365 days of the year.—Rep. Earl Wilson (R) of Indiana. * * * We intend to secure a drastic improvement in living conditions all over the world and in every way.—Trygve Lie, UN Secretary Gen eraL . . . Physical _ punishment in their ( Eskimos’) education is almost completely unknown, and as a result the average individual among them is better adjusted and more balanced than among us. Dr. Margaret Lantis, Arctic In stitute, Montreal, Canada * * • The United States must fear Communism because it is a foreign-controlled totalitarian movement whose leaders in the past have openly proclaimed that it advocates revolution —House Committee on Un-American Activities repor' DEPENDS ON WHO’S TALKING We i$nt Playing Ball with me! HE'* 60TTA BE Reorganized/ ?C£4ENT ^ $U?R EWE I COURT HE ISN'T PLAY/N6 BALL WITH ME! HE'S 60TTA BE reorganized/ Saving Lives Is All In A Day’s Work ToMr. Ryder Out At Wrightsville Beach By JOHN SIKES The life of a life guard isn’t as easy and simple as you’d maybe believe. This I have found out from my daily patrolling of Wrightsville Beach. No, I’m not a life guard; prob ably would become frightened sil lier than usual if anybody were to so much as scream for help in my direction. But, in my best buttinsky man ner, I went up to Dick Ryder, one of the life guards at Wrightsville Beach and asked him some ques tions about his business. Seems he keeps pretty busy. Sun day he hauled in a man who’d gone out too far and couldn’t make it back to shore under his own steam. Mr. Ryder told me, however, the man didn’t give him any trouble. “All this trouble business,” Mr. Ryder says, “is mainly talk. Us ually when a man feels he’s about to drown he’s so tired that he gives up and is as easy to handle as a wet sack.” There was something else I con sidered important that I learned from Mr. Ryder. All this talk about cramps is mainly talk, Mr. Ryder tells me. “It’s just supersitition about a person not being able to eat a heavy meal and then go in swim ming. Why, I eat a big breakfast every morning and then go right down and jump in the ocean. And I sw'im out fairly far, too. Also I eat a heavy lunch and then go right in the water. I think there’s nothing to that business.” Mr. Ryder is sunburned almost black. He tells me he got that way in five days. Naturally, it seems only natural that a man who spends at least eight hours out in the broiling hot sun every day will get a good tan. But take me, for example. I’ve been spending a good part of the time around midday out on the beach each day Religion Day By Day By WILLIAM T. ELLIS AS THE STATESMAN SEES IT In a long conversation with the then Secretary of State, Cordell Hull, we discussed various sub jects. Inevitably, our talk drifted to the spiritual aspect of our pre sent problems. My friend ex pressed himself strongly upon the imperative need that all the pro posed measures for a better world shall have behind them the driving and sustaining power of religion. Sometimes it seems as if states men and publicists see more clear ly than do preachers and Christian teachers the paramount impor tance of the Christian motive and Christian spirit in this hour. Ma chinery, organization and legisla tion are entirely inadequate to bring in the new order unless there be in the hearts of the people, in dividually and as a mass, the im pulsion of the great Christian veri ties and integrities. In other words, and most prac tically, only Christ can save the State. Vain is the help of man to de liver us out of our troubles. We look to Thee, O God, to lead ns. Make bare Thy mighty arm. j Amen. I and all I have in the way of a sun-tan is a delicate hue that looks something like a boiled shrimp. There is something else I’d like to know about: why is it that some people can go out in the sun and get themselves uniformly tanned in a little or no time and others, like me, just broil and peal? There is no justice in that. When I go out on the beach I have to wrap myself up like I might be headed for the North pole. As a conse quence, it’s difficult for me really to enjoy the fresh ocean breezes and the vitamin-brimmed sunlight. But back to Mr. Ryder. I be lieve he told me yesterday that al though he's called out several times each week to help a too intrepid swimmer back to shore, McKenney On BRIDGE A 72 * Q8 5 ♦ J 10 9 2 A J 10 9 5 A A K Q 10 A J 9 6 8 5 43 * 10 7 6 3 * A4 2 ♦ 7 5 4 ♦ K 3 A None A K 8 6 A None * K J 9 ♦ AQ86 A A Q 7 4 3 2 Tournament—E-W vul. South West North East 1 A 4 A Pass Pass 5 A 5 A Pass Pass Double Pass Pass Pass Opening—A J 25 By WILLIAM E. McKENNEY Ameri ’s Card Authority With the increased interest in tournament play throughout the C'untry, the big problem of the American Contract Bridge league is to find capable tournament di rectors. A director must be a combinaior of master of cere monies, mathematician, King Solomon,- and a good bridge play er. John S. Stark of St. Louis, Mo., seems to have all those qualities. He has handled the St. Louis tour naments so well that I.e was re cently appointed by the League to direct one in Jackson, Miss. Today’s hand was played by Stark. Would you play dummy’s king of clubs on the opening lead, or would you'play low from dum my so you could trump it? If you played low, I am afraid you would lose the contract. Stark went up with dummy’s king, and when South played the ace, he discarded the four of hearts. Now when a club was returned', Stark trumped with the eight of spades, cashed the ace of hearts, and with three trump entries in dummy, he established two good heart tricks for discarding two losing diamonds. * * * If Stark had failed to go up with dummy’s king of clubs on the opening lead, it would not have helped him to discard the small heart on the jack of clubs. North then would have shifted to a dia mond and defeated the hand. If declarer had trumped the opening club lead, North would eventually get in with a heart and then shift to a diamond. there really haven’t been any near brownings on his beat this sum mer. A couple of years ago a couple of nurses got too f?” out and drowned before the life guards could get to them. Mr. Ryder worked on that job. “They were gone, though, before we even got there. When we did get there we had to dive in order to recover the bodies. We were at the Lumina and the place the nurses drowned is north of Station One. So by the time we got there there was nothing we could do except find the bodies,’’ he tells you. Mr. Ryder you’d think to look at him would be a native of the beach, but he isn’t. He’s from Greensboro. The life guard job makes it pretty convenient for him because he goes to Guilford col lege in the winter time. I forgot to ask him whether he plays foot ball, but it seems as if he might because he has a sturdy, athletic build. But getting back to the business of saving lives, Mr. Ryder busts up a lot of hokum about life sav ing. “I've never had to beat anybody over the head in order to save his life. Most of them I’ve ever drug in were too happy that somebody was helping them to try anything like fighting. “Of course, there may have been those who got excited when a life guard tried to save mem and gave trouble, but I haven’t had any of those kind of people around me.” Mr. Ryder also scoffs at the theory that a drowning person always comes up three times. "There isn’t anything to it,” he dismisses that thought simply. That’s about all I learned about life-saving. Mr. Ryder doesn’t try to glamorize the business. Sav ing lives is all in a day’s work with him. The Literary Guidepost By W. G. ROGERS IN THE FIRST WATCH, by Wil i'T McFee (Random House; $3.) Already author of more than a score of books, McFee here adds a volume of reminiscences which is one of the best in the lot' I’m not sure, indeed, but what this account of the source of some of fioVSS " ‘,"ler ■h“ »* Forty years ago he shipped as third engineer on a tramp steam er and when this book ends, half a decade later, promoted to chief engmeer he temporarily quits the sea, or swallows the anchor ” Jrl between he met an odd as sortment of characters, men and flnT^he^6’ SUperfine’ not at all nne. They, 0r composites of them and their adventures on shin’ board where the sailor earns h£ money and in port where he spends it, salted down by McFee’s book.10US comments’ compose this In a certain respect, these inter esting pages cover three stages in transportation. An old time bosun on a newfangled steame?„atch” mg a full-rigged sailing shin n « "■'» „perpS Doctor Says— REACTION TO PAIN IS SELDOM ALIKE BY WILLIAM A. O’BRIEN ft ^ Individuals vary greatly in -,pi. reactions to pain, although all ,,,! are equally alert and attend, feel pain at the same time - idea that sensitive persona' feel' pain more easily than those are less sensitive is not true. Dr. Harold G. Wolff and' 8 elates report in their "Cornell Conferences on Therapy” that -e actions to pain vary with age, train, ing, race, concentration, attitude" confidence in a physician, and th* way in which a pain-relieving drug is given. Pain may be a sign warning of serious disease, and those who fee' it less acutely may delav in co ' tacting a physician. When a patient past 50 years 0f age has a pain over his heart n« remembers the experiences of' h , friends with heart trouble ind seeks medical aid. Often he js 8“ apprehensive over his condition that he requires excessive amounts of medicine and reassurance >Q relieve his distress. But when a young individual experiences pain over his hear he may not have the same concern as does the older man, hence he may develop serious complies, tions. The manner in which we react to pain may be the result of training in childhood. While chil. dren in pain require sympathetic assistance, parents who magnify every small hurt may create false concepts of pain in their children’s minds. Boys and girls should be trained to expect that certain things will hurt, but that reiiel will be obtained as soon as possi ble. The English people always have been noted for their restraint in expressing their feelings, whi.e some of the other races react ex. cessively on the slightest provo. cation. Individuals who do not coop, erate in controlling their reactions to pain can be helped by sugges tion or by pain-relieving drugs. Mothers know the value of dis. traction as a means of relieving pain in childhood. Telling an in teresting experience or reading a story to a sick child may make the pain disappear. Problems in arith metic, loud noises, and music also distract the child's mind. A woman who wants her baby keenly may suffer less distress than a mother who does not desire a baby and less than one who has been conditioned to expect a great deal of pain in c h i 1 d b i r t h. In one European hospital, a service physician toljj me of spending sev eral months assisting on the ob stetric service, where no pain, relievers were used and where no woman registered pain reaction in labor. When the patient has confidence in a physician, that doctor's pres ence in the sick room will male him feel better, while if the phy sician is a stranger or someone he does not care for, the pain may be made worse. It is a common ex perience for a toothache to stop when we get to the dentist's office, or for a patient to need novocair.e when one dentist work; on his teeth and nothing at al. with another dentist. A hypodermic injection of ster ile water may relieve severe pain, if the treatment is presented tc the patient in such a way that is made to believe that a potent drug is being given. Advertisers of fake remedies work on this principle of suggestion to axp.v. the public. QUESTION: Is a corr.eal trars plant of value in all forms of blindness? ANSWER: No. It is performed only in those cases in which *ha;* is a cloudiness of the cornea 1 c.ear portion) of the eye. The opaque section is removed and repiac€ 1 by clear corneal tissue. STAR Dust History Is Important f History is important. Po!>br who flourished more than a cer.-^.' before Christ, was right when declared: "A statesman ignorant of the way in vy.^ events originate is like a P’1'" , who does not know the cause < the disease he undertakes to^c ■ —Washington Evening Sta.. Pertinent Query , A poll is said to have J that 6 per cent of the mem-’ ^ of the American Federa. ^ ^ Musicians were opposed >o election of James Caesar f-. Are they still members?—Me- P Commercial Appeal._— 1-—— ‘ _, the sea and came into ^rr.e^ And the author, noting such ~ ^ ern improvements as witc. -- , healthier shioboard' diet. •a plains that "Going to se® from good if you cannot get away the land.’’ , . , _ « This, then, is ancient histo.., • McFee’s words, dealing ‘ faring at the century s s.a. . ^ now outmoded ships whic " wines, had their vintage But good character is alwav. ~ and fresh, and here s a nc. ■■ ■ ply: Brown the wolf who , domesticated, McFee ;:1 the lady journalist, the £■ * ■ Pauen, the girls in Ag: ' Captain Williams who. su# mistake of giving his fan".... ride.