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morning £>iar North Carolina’s Oldest Daily Newspaper Published Daily Except Sunday By The Wilmington Star-News R. B. Page, Publisher Telephone All Departments 2-3311 Entered as Second Class Matter at Wilming ton, N. C., Postoffice Under Act of Congress of March 3, 1879 SUBSCRIPTION RATES BY CARRIER IN NEW HANOVER COUNTY Payable Weekly or in Advance Combi Time Star News nation 1 Week.. $ .30 $ .25 $ .50 1 Month . 1.30 1.10 2.15 3 Months. 3.90 3.25 6.50 6 Months... 7.80 6.50 13.00 1 Year . 15.60 13.00 26.00 (Above rates entitle subscriber to Sunday issue of Star-News) SINGLE COPY ~~ Wilmington News .— 5c Morning Star .—....—. 5c Sunday Star-News .— 10c By Mail: Payable Strictly in Advance 5 Months .....__ —.. $2.50 $2.00 $3.85 6 Months . 5.00 4.00 7.70 1 Year. 10.00 8 00 15.40 (Above rates entitle subscriber to Sunday issue of Star-News) _ ” WILMINGTON STAR (Daily Without Sunday) I Months—$1.85 6 Months—$3.70 ,1 Year—$7.40 When remitting by mail please use check or TJ. S, P. O money order. The Star-News can not be responsible for currency sent through the malls,__^ MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS AND ALSO SERVED BY THE UNITED PRESS WEDNESDAY, JULY 3, 1946 TOP O’ THE MORNING Every true Christian must at times feel like shouting the praises of his God; if he does net shout he is so much the less a true Christian. (Isaiah 12;6) *‘C. E. Companion” “Fair And Reasonable” Wilmington business organizations and individuals with some exceptions have shown a splendid spirit since the OPA sank into a coma on Sunday night. Their expressions of determination to maintain ceiling prices in general and increase costs to consumers only as their prices from manufacturers ad vance are commendable. They are in sharp contrast with the news from other sections that prices jumped from 10 to 200 per cent following expiration of the OPA law. If they continue to “hold the line” as the vast majority have indicated they will, the wildfire inflation fore cast by President Truman and other executives in Washington will d i e aborning, provided, always, that in dustries do not seek to make up actual or theoretical losses at once. The threat of inflation obviously is seen in its most objectionable form in rental of tenant property. Even this could be overcome if landlords heed the urging of Frederick Willets, president of the Real Estate Board, to be “fair and reasonable,” and also in view of the fact that unlike some other cities of the land, there is no actual housing shortage here. In view of the advance In rents during the war it would appear that the appeal to be “fair and reason able” should preclude any further in creases. All in all, Wilmington, throughout its business community, has an oppoi Lunity to set an example for the country in the matter of prices. To a great extent its future depends upon this proposal to be “fair and reasonable” in all trans actions, and prove to the world that ■»en of Senator O’Daniel’s stamp can not force it to change its standard, however hard they fight to overthrow price controls permanently. Traced To Source Word is that even with the railroads transporting 6 per cent more of Cali fornia’s fruit crop to Eastern markets than in the first half of 1945, there will be widespread spoilage on the ground or the unloading of large quanti ties of fruit on local markets at a loss to the producers. Paralleling this, word comes from the wheat belt, that elevators are bulg ing and many growers are forced to pile their product on the ground, where deterioration due to climatic changes will cause heavy losses. The reason is at hand. Railroads, which bore heavier freight burdens than they should have done save for the emergency of war, and were unable to replace rolling stock, are not capable of meeting the nation’s demand for freight cars, and because of the steel and coal strikes have not been able to get re placements in anything like the required •umber. It is a depressing fact that when 1 ». 4*. economic subjects are under investiga tion shortages are shown to stem as much from labor disturbances as from war’s necessities. They Have Done No Wrong The Star is in receipt of a letter from the Fellowship Bible Club, a group within the Y. M. C. A., complaining of a deplorable condition at the county jail. Because it concerns a part of the population which can do nothing for itself, and which has not been adequate ly provided for by the state, whose charge it is, the communication Is given prominence in these columns. The complaint is against confining mental patients in cells with “proven and often hardened criminals.” “These patients,” the letter 3ays, “hace to be incarcerated for reasons which have no connection with wrong-doing; and it is a source of deep humiliation to be thrust among persons awaiting trial for crimes committed or serving sentences for punishment thereof.7 The club concludes its letter: “Cor rection of the situation . . . would be in keeping with our laws and justice.” The failure of North Carolina to make proper provision for the care of insane persons—not the criminally in sane, but those whose minds have be come subnormal—is well known. It is none the less permissible to note that it constitutes a blot on the fair name of the state. So far as the county jail is concern ed it may be said that separate cells are not always available for persons of this class who, for their own as well as the community’s sake, must be placed under restraint and held until a vacancy occurs in any of the state’s hospitals for them. At the same time, there would seem to be no reasonable excuse for failure on the county’s part to make provision for this temporary care outside the jail. As the County Commission is consider ing its new budget, the present is the proper time for this provision to be made. So far as the state of North Caro lina is concerned, its delinquency in establishing hospitals for the insane, or materially improving and expanding those now in existence, should be among the major projects before the forthcom ing legislative session. U. S. Diplomacy At Fault The American military establishment long dreamed of air bases in the At lantic and Pacific oceans which would give the United States and the world fair protection if any power saw fit to start another war. Key bases were to be in Australia, Iceland and Portu gal. The governments of these three na tions, however, in polite terms have informed Washington there will be nothing doing. They are ready and wil ling and have bases, but under the United Nations, not the United States alone. Of course there are the ninety nine-year leases to British bases in the Caribbean, and the Pacific islands cap tured from Japan, but the chain around the world envisioned while the war was still in progress in out of the ques tion And the fault, if fault it be, appears to be in United States diplomacy. At the start it might have been possible to get what was w’anted, but on the in sistence of the Navy American diplo macy had inserted in the Charter at San Francisco a provision for exclusive “strategic trusteeships.” Ever since the Charter was adopted the signatory na tions have been staking out their sys tem of bases and, as Joseph C. Harsch says in the Christian Science Monitor, “doors have been closed to American knocks.” In view of this situation, Russia has been foolish to roar so loudly over United States “ambitions,” which never existed in the first place, save as the peace of the world is concerned, and now have no chance of being fulfilled. It’s Tough It’s going to be tough on the kids— and many an adult too. The makers of candy bars have decided 6 cents apiece is impracticable and have arranged to reduce the size of their product instead of advancing the price. Some consola tion may be found in the further an nouncement there will be 10 cents bars too. Fair Enough By WESTBROOK PEGLER (Copyright, by King Features Syndicate, Inc.) NEW YORK.—Ilya Ehrenburg, one of three Russian journalists who toured the United States for two months, writes a strange fare well that may be described as an affectionate threat of war. This man, a correspondent of Izvestia, obviously speaks for Stalin inasmuch as the press which he represents is controlled by and edited strictly in the interests of the dictatorship. It is refreshing to read some of his im pressions of us because, like Dickens, he looked at us through critical, end unfriendly eyes and observed peculiarities, and flaws, that are commonplace to the native. He did not mention baseball which must have amused him, not as a spert but as a juvenile obsession, but he did spare a phrase of con. tempt for some local meetings of the Lions’ club where “full-grown men, merchants of suspenders or of electric ranges, imitating lions, roared upon command.” “Complex country,” he sighed in baffle ment, “g’eat country, with a great people and a great future.” f "" Ehrenburg has the advantage of us. We let him travel freely wherever he would and, in parting, he was not required to submit his threatening admonition to an American censor. American journalists and tourists en joy no such freedom of movement or obser. vation in Russia and those American corre spondents in Moscow who have written of his country, his people and the slave camps in the same tone that he applied to us, he denounces as “journalists wh o misinform.’’ He came here “as a friend and tried to see and understand” but American reporters who, like Ehrenburg here, found Russia imperfect by American standards, he disqualifies as “obvious enemies.” This man and his colleagues were accompa nied on their tour by a lepresentatiye of the State Department for what reason Americans will not readily understand unless it could have been that, as servants of a state press, they were regarded as official guests and such attendance was a diplomatic honor. Sure ly this escort would not have been imposed on them had they preferred to go it alone or entirely under the auspices of their com munist fiiends among us. Yet Ehrenburg would have it that this escort was compulsory and made that his answer to the complaint of American reporters in Russia that his foreign office not meiely “accompanied,'” them on their travels curing the war but restricted and directed them, and still does. He neglected to observe that Russian govern ment papers may send here as many cor. respondents as they like to, and select them f®r their proven enmity to the American sys tem of government, while the camel at the needle's eye has no greater problem than an American writer, equally hostile to commu nism and Hitlerism, both, who applies for papers to enter Russia. In New York, he saw a box of cigars that cost $200, although, in considerable obser vation ’mid pleasures and palaces from Palm Beach to Hollywood, observing th« rich at play, I never had that experience. Biy con. trast. in Mississippi, he encountered a family of eight whose total earnings were only $200 a year. Noting that he here selected dramatic extremes and that he failed to say whether the family had hams on the rafters, I am reminded that for several years, the Ameri can communists have been emphasizing great contrasts in the condition of Russians, many of -whom live luxuriously and others in pover ty. Moreover, the descriptions of the state banquets that Stalin and other Russian digni taries gave for visiting American and British statesmen during the war bespoke extrava gance and drunkenness fairly comparable to any historic debauch in any imperial court and my own sole experience of Russian of ficial hospitality is still a memory of luxury beyond enything else in my experience. They had just reopened their embassy in Washington and the occasion was a lunch for an American reporter, then deemed “friend ly,” who seems, however, to have fallen into error and disfavor since. It began with vodka in' the foyer and there followed caviar, and enormous cold fish delicious beyond words, duck and such exquisite miscellany as our communist minstrels call exotic delicacies and the wines caused wings to grow on which, at the conclusion, we alt sailed out the win dows, ignoring the stairs. Skilled in the art of suggestion, Ehrenburg warns the Americans that Russia still fights fascism, “a disguised, a well-groomed and a good-looking fascism” and tells us that he doesn’t know when "our peoples will be able to shake hands peacefully, when inept and criminal speeches about a third world wai will stop, when we shall again meet like brothers. > “I do not know when but I know -where on the ruins of the fascist ideology. I want to believe that the American people will tame its rabble rousers, its fascists who dream oi a crusade against Moscow.” C’ould Ehrenburg have in mind the ruins oi New York and Washington? Might I say a word for the "merchants of suspenders or of electric ranges” who “roared upon command?” We are a little short of suspenders and electric ranges, just now, thanks in consider able part to Ehrenburg’s comrades among us, while, in Russia. I understand the lack is even worse. But when this journalistic dog-robber for a dictator whom even Rcosevelt compared to Hitler, derides full-grown men for roaring upon command, the obvious retort is “lister, who’s roaring upon command.” QUOTATIONS All expression of though: in favor of ideals for peace or in opposition to the policy of preparation for aggressive warfare was rigidly suppressed in schools, and this suppression was directed at students as well as teachers and professors. — Hyce Ouchi, former Tokyo Imperial U. professor, a war crimes witness. The truth is that the Communists in the Ruhr, as compared with their pre-Nazi strength, will be shown in the September elec tions here to have been weakened by the combined effects of Nazi propaganda and postwar international tensions.—Heinz Renner Communist Oberbuergermeister of Essen. ' How can we expect other countries to ac cept our protestations of peaceful intentions so long as the military retains control of the atomic bomb?—Sen. Erien McMahon (D) of Connecticut. What wo need are state or county-supported institutions exclusively for the confinement and treatment of alcoholics.—Municipal Judge Andrew M. Kovachy of Cleveland “SADDLE OF BEEF” ran BgfomM These National Family Brawls Seem To Come Upon Us After Every War BY JOHN SIKES There is little wonder that a feeling of unrest has come over us all since V-J Day. Up to that day we were all pretty much together, unified to throw off the tormenting clinging of the Japs. Everybody had put all their heaves together to beat down the Nazified bullies of Germany and then everybody turned to make short shrift of the despicable little Japs. Even m war America was a happy nation because America seems to be at its best, and hap piest, when it is doubling its fists and saying “You can’t do that to us.’’ Sociologists and philosophers can explain it all to you, very simply. The feeling goes right on down to the family. There can be family fusses when the family becomes chaotic, divided against itself. But let some outsider intrude and the family becomes happy all over again, ready at the drop of an an cestor to show the latent strength in a common blood. But after V-J Day we started fighting among ourselves and we lost that natural strength of a family bound strongly together by common ties. There were strikes that discommoded everybody. Mr. Truman and the gentlemen in Con gress got over their honeymoon and there was bickering between the executive and legislative. Even the judicial, symbol of dignity, got into the family brawl and the jur Religion Day By Day By WILLIAM T. ELLIS SHE’S AN AMERICAN MOTHER I had the privilege of nominat ing, as Pennsylvania Mother of 1946, Mrs. Allan D. Wallis, of Mal vern. Pa. Had it not been for the desirability of naming a Negro, she doubtless would have been made the American mother of the year. But the choice of Mrs. Clement was a wise and merited one. At once Mrs. Wallis—who had called me “crazy” when I report ed the decision to her—wa% be sieged with requests for addresses and radio talks and newspaper in terviews. She will be equal to every occasion, for. though not an experienced public speaker, she has a brilliant mind and a keen sense of humor. Mrs. Wallis’ distinction is that she is the mother of ten children, all born within eleven years, and now grown to handsome, helpful manhood, and womanhood. All have had higher education Three were with the forces in the war one is a missionary in Latin Amer ica; and the oldest, a physician, is a research scientist. There are twenty grandchildren. Withal, Mrs. Wallis is active in church work, social agencies, gar den clubs, and public affairs; and, above all, “given to hospitality.” Milady and I did a real service to America when we introduced Jane Proctor to Allen Wallis in our home. For a Christian family is the best contribution that can be made to society. We thank Thee, Father of us all, for the mothers of men who have served Thee with all their power. Amen. ists began throwing books at each other. Then the OPA squabbles, and so on. There really isn’t any need for me to go on and recount the reasons for our present discontent. But in my browsing through books of late I’ve tried to find a passage or so that would give you the idea. Naturally, I chose a spectacular example. May I quote it to you? “The . . . War killed more than men. It bred a new fanaticism in the holy prophets. It made the goodness of women seem prudish and superfluous, giving them prive leges in the name of ‘liberty’ and ‘equal rights’ .... There seemed no sane middle-ground where men could be Goa-loving, yet not veno mously bigoted; where men could be sport-loving without becoming corroded satyrs. . . “The new-rich descended like locusts . . . The muggy spend, thrifts undertook the defloration of art. They .... began to de bauch music under the guise of modernism .... Yokels gawked at canvasses of charlatans and were told that Rembrandt was a bum .... The vandals sacking Rome were 10 times as kindly as this spendthrift horde. . “ The . . . War killed nearly McKenney On BRIDGE BY WILLIAM E. McKENNY America’s Card Authority Albert A. Ostrow’s new book “The Complete Card Player” re fers to "the language of cards” in connection with bidding and play. For instance, in today’s hand, what difference does it make whether South plays the five or the three of spades? Mr. Ostrow gives us this exam ple of what the “language of cards” means. On the opening spade lead East is forced to play the eight spot. Now a careless South player would play the three-spot, and West could immediately read that the eight was not an encouraging card. If South plays the five, a thinking West player will believe that his partner is trying to tell him that he can ruff the third round of spades. If West continues with the ace of spades, there will be two good spades in dummy for valuable discards. The play of the higher of two cards followed by the lower is called an “echo” and asks partner to continue the suit. Occasionally, when an opponent does not mean to echo, you can give his partner the impression that he does by a simple false-card play like the one in today’s hand. AQJ74 ¥ 10 2 ♦ 10652 A A93 A A K 6 2 -ST““IA10 9£ VJ754 " - ¥3 ♦ Q J 4 w E ♦ K 9 8 AJ8 S A K10 7 8. Dealert 52 A 53 ¥AKQ9f 5 ♦ A73 A Q 4 Rubber—E.-W. vul. South West North East 1¥ Pass 1N.T. Pass 2 ¥ Pass Pass Pass Opening—A K. $ everything that was old. . . .** Which means, of course, that the War killed everything that we hold dear. Nobody dared, after V-J Day, to be old-fashioned, to think of the pleasures that, in retrospect, seem •so simple and innocent even in the raucous Twenties. A feeling of nervous discontent swept over us all. Again we were in a frenzy of selfishness. Nobody seems to want to do anything for anybody else. It’s every man and every woman—even every child— for himself or herself. If we get the chance we’ll grab up the las* piece of meat at the butcher’s counter, even though we have a bulging icebox at home. The same thing goes, of course, for butter and oleo, rice, bacon, and all the other scarce items. It is a period, too, when we think of little else but the inflated dol lars we can pile up on top of each other, of how we can outdo the guy we were doing with back yonder not even a year ago. Nothing is natural or sane any more. Once again we’ve lost our trust in the folks in Washington whom we trusted to lead us to beating Germany, then Japan. Our Congressmen once again are a lot of mountebanks, voting only their own personal selfish interests. We make wise-cracks about the President and we look with deri sion upon the courts. Am I writing this to you with a bleeding heart, deploring this new period of going to the dogs? No, my friends, pm grinning. I know, you see, this is just an other of our family brawls in which nobody gets seriously hurt. You see, that piece up there I quoted to you was from Gene Fowler’s book, "The Great Mouth piece,’’ and Mr. Fowler indited the lines in rue of the terrible times that came over America after World War I. It won’t be too long before some body comes out with a new book to tell us how horrible we are following World War II. I don’t know why it is, but we don t mind at all somebody tell ing us how terrible we are It’s only when somebody comes aarTgthafd ^ U'3 h°w ^ we ® tha‘ get up on our hind SBour d’”a“« STAR Dust Eating Rules We notice a tempest in certain sections of the press regarding the proper way to eat soup. Some col umnists of courage and doughtv pugnacity claim that the only sensible way to finish up the last of the soup is to tip the soup plate toward one, and scoop up the last. The traditional conservatives who represent the pedestals of authori ty on matters of etiquette claim that one should tip the soup plate away from the eater. Superficially the etiquette arbiters make a point that seems logical. They claim that by tipping the plate away from the consumer, there’s no danger of pouring soup or spill ing it into one’s lap. Bat that seems a sorry state of affairs. Can’t a person be depend ed upon to keep control of his soup plate? Or is the thing more cussed and cantankerous than we suppos ed? So far as we are concerned the soup plate angle is less im portant than the noise some people make while getting the liquid into their oral cavities I Doctor Says— INJURIES TO HEAD LESS DANGEROUS BY WILLIAM A. O’BRIEN. M. o. Head injuries increase as the cident toll rises. The success of modern head injury treatment de pends upon the co-operation of ;h* patient’s family and, as he be comes conscious, of the patient himself. Experience acquired by the null tary services during the war has produced more effective means of treating head injuries and of pre dicting their outcome. The scalp, skull, or brain may be involved in a head injury. Scalp wounds, while they appear serious at the time of the accident, heal more readily than do injured tissues elsewhere in the body. Tin lack of scalp sensation which fol lows an injury has a tendency u» disappear (severe compiicating in fections do occur in occasional cases, however). The base of the skull is the easi. est portion to fracture, since the dome is more elastic. When a piece of broken skull bone sepa. rates and presses on the brain, it is necessary to operate in other to lift the piece up. In penetrating injuries of the skull and brain, the foreign material which is intro duced must be removed before healing will occur. Brain injuries are the most sen. ous variety of head trauma, whether the skull is fractured or not. The injury may result in a jar (concussion), swelling (ede ma), bleeding (hemorrhage), or a tear. In concussion, the patient is temporarily rendered unconscious. On recovery, he may vomit, com plain of dizziness, and feel shaky for a time, then snap out of it. In more extensive injuries of the brain, consciousness returns more slowly, requiring hours, days, or weeks. Many victims of head in juries are able to feed themselves, carry on a conversation, and drive a car without remembering any thing. Keep close watch ever those who have sustained head injuries, to prevent further accidents. In addition to brain damage, the nerves which are attached to the base of the brain may be injured, resulting in difficulty with vision, hearing, or moving the muscles of the face. Head Injury patients require e> pert nursing care. In the eaily stages, treatment of shock may be more important than direct care of the head injury. The victim of a head injury should be moved carefully, to avoid further injury. He should be kept in bed until all signs of in creased pressure in the skull have disappeared, as this is the best way to combat the headache and dizziness which develop if the pa tient gets up too soon. Ice bags placed on the head are soothing, but sedatives should be used with great caution. Patients may move about in bed while still unconscious, but they should not be allowed to get out of bed. The result of a head injury de pends upon the amount of perma nent brain damage sustained. MiJ itary experience indicates that many mental changes which fol low head injuries eventually dis appear under rehabilitation man agement. WUhbTION: We have been mar ried two years, but have not been able to have a child. Is there anv. thuig we can do to correct this condition? b*fWER- y°u and your Hus band should be examined to de termine the cause of your sterility If nothing can be done to help nu.°.r husband, you should srrjs p°“mi,y •* The Literary Guidepost By VV. G. ROGERS REMEMBRANCE OF AMHERSTi AN UNDE RGRADUATE’S diary 1816-1848, by William Gardiner Hammond, edited by George F. Whlcher (Co lumbia; $3). The diary of a college hoy 'M years ago wouldn’t seem to prom' ise very interesting reading, any more than the diary of one to* day. Yet this intimate journal left by Hammond, who entered Am herst in the fall in 1846, will win your interest because of the aw thor’s ingenuousness, his sincerity and his natural ways, which -.rt a fascinating blend of old and new, quaint and customary, ma") ? gravity and youthful exuber^’"**. B»oys will be boys, we ar* re I minded. Hammond mention-- brer cognac and mead, sometime! tak en straight and sometime- with prayers. He mentions courting, too, and girls named Mary Nellie, Sarah, Jennie. And though young men today would phrase Hi so well, they would appreciate bill remark about a tender parti-’f: Ed followed Mary out to kiss del in the back hall, ‘and then kis-ed her hand in the parlor, like a he? who ha« finished his orange afld ‘tops off with the peel.” His family had money eneu?h *• give him an education at Amherst, then a quarter century old, thong1 not at Yale, his first choice , • ■ a choice Amherst men will find surprising in a youth otherwise intelligent. But he led no gilded, pampered life. He chopped ar.i sawed his fire wood and carried it up to his room, hung eurtalnf swept, marked and mended iu‘ clothes, hemmed his towels ri , corded his bedstead, tinkered his alarm clock.