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The Star-News can not be responsible for currency sent through the mails. __ MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS AND ALSO SERVED BY THE UNITED PRESS WEDNESDAY, JULY 10 1946_. TOP O’ THE MORNING Perhaps you think you have graduated from Sunday school. Well, you are mis taken . . . you caunot graduate without standing an examination which shows that you understand the subject ... No man graduates from Bible study until he sees its Author face to face. —H. L. Crockett. City Acquires USO Units In acquiring the USO centers at Second and Orange and Ninth and Nixon from the federal government for $18,000, the City of Wilmington has made an advantageous buy. The build ings alone would appraise at larger figures alone, to say nothing of the furnishings and fixtures which cost $26,000. Now that the purchase is completed, save for transfer of papers, the ques tion is how the city can best take ad vantage of its bargain. Acting City Manager Benson indicates it will be used for recreation. He could say no more as he has been chiefly occupied in completing the transaction, and the Council and Recreation Department obviously have not finished drafting a program for its use. It is unthinkable, however, that the Second and Orange unit should not be devoted to the entertainment of Marines from Camp Lejeune and naval personnel to be stationed at Camp Davis during such times as these men are visiting Wilmington. The USO was established for the armed for ces. The local center should in all rea son carry on that work. There will be ample time when the boys in uniform are not present to af ford entertainment and recreation for the young people of the city. It is, of course, for the Council to determine what shall be done to get full value out of both units, but it is doubtful if the Ninth and Nixon center could be better employed than as the home for the Shaw Boys Club, which is conducting a constructive program for Negro youth of the community. Three-Way Victory Governor Thye’s conceded nomina tion over Senator Shipstead in Minne sota’s primary election, in addition to bolstering former Governor Stassen’s presidential hopes, shows a broadening viewpoint among Republicans in this important midwestern state. The isolationist sentiment repre sented by Senator Shipstead is givr ing way to internationalism, and as Governor Thye’s nomination is large ly due to the support of Mr. Stassen, an ardent advocate of the United Na tions and the political philosophy which envisions the United States in a lead ing rt)le in world affairs, it is safe to think that this great agricultural and industrial state is breaking down the barriers its old line G. 0. P. and Farmer-Labor citizens have clung to so tenaciously in past years. Senator Shipstead’s defeat then is in fact a three-way victory—for Mr. Thye, for Mr. Stassen and for inter nationalism. It can be hoped that all three will be of benefit to the country. t ■ f i ' i i 'ii r if ■I,. .. 1 , t • H * * i Two Sides To Picture It should not be difficult for agents of the Department of Justice to dis cover that some manufacturers with held products from the market in anti cipation of the death of OPA. It was common report for a long time before July 1 that this was being done. But there is another side of the pic ture. It shows the OPA demanding that manufacturers absorb wage and raw materials increases and release their products at prices involving substantial losses. As it is contrary to established business practice to sell below cost, and any firm so doing cannot hope to keep out of bankruptcy, the attitude of any manufacturers who held their goods until the market would allow a profit is understandable-. The OPA is not guiltless, whatever Attorney General Tom Clark’s agents discover, whether an actual conspiracy among producers existed as claimed, or individual industrialists acted indepen dently. The same situation probably prevail ed among cattlemen and possibly among meat processors although stockyards for the most part were practically empty for many a moon before OPA expired. Perhaps there is some reason for revival of OPA. Certainly rents ought to be frozen. But in the resurrection great care should be taken by the gov ernment to overcome the handicaps OPA placed on business, industry and the people generally. Practical price control during this readjustment period could be helpful. But the insane directives that prevail ed through the war years, if renewed, could only cause greater economic dis turbance and give black markets great er opportunity than ever to bilk the people. Praise, Not Censure, Due The National Lawyers Guild, in its Cleveland session, may, from its view point, be justified in castigating At torney General Tom Clark for his at tack in a Chicago address on unde sirable elements in the population, but it’s shillings to coon skins that what he said enjoys wide approval among the loyal population. A resolution approved by the Guild, in which a committee is recommend ed to call upon President Truman to reverse the policies of the Department of Justice as reflected in public ut terances of the Attorney General, de clares: “Attorney General Clark charg ed .. . that this country is the target of a sinister and deep-seated ‘plot’ on the part of ‘communists, outside idealo gists and small groups of radicals.’ ” He is further quoted as condemn ing lawyers who might “further the interests of those who would destroy our government by force, if neces sary.” We hold no brief for Mr. Clark, nor do we believe any honest attor ney would engage in these latter ac tivities through court procedure or by any other means, but what he says about communists, pink or red, and other minorities at work to undermine the foundation upon which this nation rests deserves cheers and public sup port. The Palestine Row Great Britain’s demand for Ameri can military aid in Palestine comes very close to being preposterous. If there is an Arab uprising it inevitably would fall to us to bear the major bur den of the fight. Our young men would largely be the victims of Arab attack and Arab atrocities. And having paid the price, Great Britain would gain whatever benefit came of ultimate vic tory. There is good reason to think that the Arab state, at large, is being egged on and even actually helped by the Soviet Union, which wants as firm a foothold in the Middle East as Great Britain. Do we, as a nation, want a hand in a battle which is probably spon sored by Moscow, especially when we are having such a hard time to bring Moscow to a fair understanding of the vital needs of world peace? Britain claims that financial sup port from this country is not enough. We claim that military support would be too much. It is Britain’s quarrel. , There is no sound reason for us to come to Britain’s rescue. Fair Enough By WESTBROOK PEGLER (Copyright, By King Features Syndicate, Inc.) NEW YORK, — On May 3, a 17-year-old Negro boy named Willie Francis was led to the electric chair in New Iberia, La., to be put to death for murder. He was strapped in, and the switch was thrown and nothing hap pened. A wire had come loose and it is doubt ful that any current at all passed through him, although he says he felt the heat of the at tachments on his head and others who were present observed some of the familiar reac tions of human beings in the chair, such as convulsion and puffing of the lips. Willie Francis has been reprieved until the Supreme .Court of the United States can pass upon an appeal claiming double jeopardy on the ground that the state had its chance to kill him and bungled a grisly job. A layman may ignore the niceties of law here and plead that Louisiana stop this torture at once by commuting the boy’s sentence to life imprisonment. The real punishment of the death penalty under our system lies in the hours, weeks and months of waiting the per sistence of desperate hope until the last in stant, the visits of helpless, anguished rela tives and the kindness of attendants, includ ing the unhappy chaplains, who would grant the prisoner life if they only could and yet. in the end, must take his life as certainly as though they bore him a personal grudge. No way has yet been devised of killing a human being by order of the court and ac. cording to law which, in the end, relieves this stately official act of the brutality of long premeditated murder. Hitler, in his early days, and with his insane concept of dignity ap pointed a headsman in formal evening dress who lopped off heads with an axe. In some of our Western states we have tried the firing squad and the lethal gas chamber but, though these methods may be less painful in the final instant tnan hanging, beheading and the elec tric shock, the torture of contemplating re mains and Willie Francis has gone through all that and the final act as well, in which he played his part fully, according to the law, and lived to tell of it only because the state fell down. 1 was in the prison yard at Carson, Nev., a few years ago and unwittingly found my self in the death house, which I took to be a refrigerator. Around the yard, in the shade of the high wall, idle men were rotting with nothing to do. A few were working in a shop making license plates for automobiles, a few were playing catch and a few were making hat ornaments out of horse hair. As we entered the death house I saw a man in slacks and a white shirt pacing his cell and swatting flies. I grinned amiably, still not knowing what this place was, and witn a look that I cannot describe hi; turned his back. The principal keeper then led me into the gas chamber a few feet away and, in a voice clearly audible to the man in the cell, ex plained how it worked and how the stetho scope running out through the double window, to the ears of the official doctor, would tell when the man was dead. He heard it all and he gave us his back as we went out. What would you have said to him? “Good luck” oi “glad to have seen you?” He was a veijr game man, e gambler who had killed his wife and refused to apply foi commutation because that would mean life in the same idle uselessness that he could see about him through the open door. The gov ernor, when I saw him later in the day, seem ed relieved for if the gambler persisted in his determination, that meant that he would not have to pass on an appeal for clemency. In Arizona, two years back, there was an execution in the chamber of the prison at Florence and the stories Li the papers told us that the father of the young man, a poor Mexican or Latin-American from the desert country, waited outside the death house with a buckboard and blankets to carry the body back home for burial. Then he drove off with his boy dead in the buckboard. We kill and we turn over the bodies of the dead to their families and the anguish is in flicted not only on the guilty, themselves, whcf may have killed in panic on the intant, but on their moihers and sisters. Of course, capital puni. hment has been de. bated endlessly and our laws inflicting the death penalty express our pathetic inability to work out any other deterrent thus far, not that the death penalty does deter, as our homi cide rate shows. Usually, ashamed of all this, we hold these ceremonies in privacy, although in some primitive communities, where formal executions are rare occasions, the public comes trouping to picnics and children have been held up by their mothers above the heads of the crowds to see the man go through the floor. The rest of us regard these as brutal and degrading scenes. Capital punishment is the law of Louisiana but surely Louisiana is big enough to take responsibility for the failure to kill Willie Fran, cis on the first attempt and white civiliza tion and law and order can waive the con tinuing torture here inflicted on a boy of 17, who, through no fault of his own, is waiting now to die again. What has Louisiana got to lose, anyway? QUOTATIONS We hope to avoid a return to the bad old days of venal newspapers by press-control legislation yet to be drafted, which would require all publications not paying their own way through legitimate advertising and sales revenue to admit publicly their sources of subsidies from special interests that use them as propaganda mediums. — Aristide Blank, 26-year-old pub lisher Irance-Soir. * ♦ * There are today very few people so naive as to imagine that when Russia gets atomic energy in amounts adequate for military use, the rulers of Russia will be restrained by the same considerations which make it unlikely that we will ever use the atomic bomb except in retaliation, and then perhaps too late. — Dr. William Y. Elliott o^ Harvard U. * * * If we now have an opportunity to make our influence felt in world aifairs as it was never felt before, we owe that opportunity largely to the fact that most of the world is convinced we shall not misuse it for selfish advantage. — Elmer Davis, former OWI director. * * * Our weighing teams found that men of 40 lost an average of seven pounds during April after the big ration cut _ Heinz Renner’ Oberbuergermeister of Essen, Germany. * * * Russia can talk about Spain but the same thing is happening in Russia—secret police control the press, the old story just as in Spain.—Gen. Tadeusz (General Bor) Komor owski. Polish underground leader. “SAUCE FOR THE GOOSE-” GOIK'T'DO it , TO «IM,TOO?/ I ■* IIP Still The Folks Looking For Seaside Pleasures Come Along To Our Beaches BY JOHN SIKES For a good many years the camaraderie that seems to exist be tween bus drivers and their regu lar passengers has always inter, ested me. It’s a sort saga of the American road. During the passed few years 1 have ridden quite a few buses and I found that, in case you were lone, ly or it was night and you couldn’t see to read, there were always genial souls to help you pass the time and miles away in conversa tion. Most times the drivers them selves will help you out of your tedium by explaining the workings of their buses, or in just plain con versation. Last Christmas, for instance, the holiday season was made a great deal happier, and livelier, for me when a crowd of us—none of us ever had formally met — made the night air caroly between here and Carolina Beach by striking up such hymns as “Hark the Herald Angels Sing,” “Silent Night,” etc But a matter has been brought to my attention that shows even more so the camaraderies exist ing between passengers and driv ers. For the passed year or so, a cer tain Greyhound bus has been mak ing regular trips into Raleigh Religion Day By Day By WILLIAM T. ELLIS COTTON MATHER’S LETTER A vivid reminder of the long, long way that the world has come in the path of tolerance is in a letter from Cotton Mather, the famous Puritan divine, dated Sep tember 15, 1682, which I find quot ed in The Sunday School Times. It was addressed “to ye aged and beloved Mr. John Higginson.” It had to do with William Penn and the Quakers: “There is row at sea a ship called the WELCOME which has on board a hundred more of the heretics and malignants called Quakers, with W. Penn, who is the chief scamp at the head of them. “The General Court has accord ingly given secret orders to Mas ter Malachie Huscott of the brig Porpoise to waylay the said Wel come slyly as near the Cape of Cod as may be. and make capture of the said Penn and his ungodly crew, so that the Lord may be glorified and not mocked on the soil of this new country, with the heathen worship of these people. Much spoil can be made by selling the whole lot to Barbadoes. where slaves fetch good prices in rum and sugar, and we shall not only do the Lord great service by pun ishing the wicked but we shall make good for his ministers and people. “Master Huscott feels hopeful, and I will set down the news when the ship comes back. Yours in the bowels of Christ. Cotton Mather.’’ Comment is unnecessary. We thank Thee, patient Father of the ages, for all the growth in tolerance and brotherhood and co operation that have so vastly in creased among Thy children. A man. from the outlying country around the State capital. In this area several people, men and women, live who work in Raleigh. This bus in question has been picking up these Raleigh workers and carrying them into town. Naturally, as bus passengers do, all these folks became friendly with themselves and the driver. Sort of one big happy family driv ing to and from work each day. Well, it -seems only natural that this bus load of people began talking things over with themselves a week or so ago and they decided that, since they’d had such a good time riding back and forth to work together, it would be a swell idea for them all to pool together and hire their bus to bring them to McKenney On BRIDGE By WILLIAM E. McKENNEY America’s Card Authority One of the most popular of our better players is Morrie Elis of New York, who recently returned to tournament bridge after several years in the armed forces. He is one of the most unconventional bidders in tournament bridge. 1 recall that several years ago he held a hand with a nine-card suit and never bid it. When discussing today’s hand, Elis said he realized that his partner, North, might be loaded with the majors; nevertheless, with two opponents and one part ner, the chances were two to one that the opponents held the major suits. My making the bid of five dia monds, he knew he would put the opponents on the spot. They could not come into the bidding, and they might misdefend the hand because of his bid. That was exactly what happen ed. After cashing the ace of hearts, West cashed the ace of clubs and then tried to cash the ace of spades for the setting trick. If he had played the ace of spades at trick two, Elis might easily have lost two club tricks. However, even if he had gone down one trick, Elis would still have had a good score as East and West could have made four spades easily. Elis was asked later if he did not feel that he took a chance on losing a slam when he made the five-diamond bid. He said no, that he made the bid to shut not only the opponents, but his partner as well, out of the bidding. He was quite content with the game score. His judgment was perfect. A 6 5 4 ¥ Q 9 8 7 6 2 ♦ 82 A Q 4 A A Q 10 7 -T- A K J 9 8 2 n . 3 ¥ A 10 Wc E ¥KJ5J ♦ 7 6 S A 10 4 A A 8 6 2 Dealer AJ9 Elis A None ¥ 4 A AKQJ953 A K 107 5 3 Tournament—N-S vtrt. Soulh West North East 5 A Double Pass Pass Opening—¥ A 10 1,1 _ Wilmington and Wrightsville Beach for a week-end. Everybody took to the idea, in. eluding the driver, Harry D. Guy. So, they came down to Wrightsville last Saturday and stayed until late Sunday night. You may not know any of these folks, but I think they’re worth naming here. In the group that came down last Saturday were Mrs. Pebbles Edwards, Mies Dot Edwards, Miss Virginia Bailey, Miss Alice Barnes, Mrs. Imogen* Eason, Miss Christine Creech, Charlie Edwards, Violette Lev erage, Harry Mann, James R Sanders, Jane H. Miller, Donald Andrews, Alta R. Cooke, Pauline Cooke, Jerry Andrews, and the driver, Mr. Guy. These clubby little jaunts to the beaches here are getting to be quite regular. You’ll recall a more spectacular trip to Wilmington a week or so ago when Col. Roscoe Turner, the world famous flier from Indianapolis, flew here with a group of vacationers. Colonel Turner allowed then that he was planning to make more or less reg ular trips here during the summer. Also I note that Carolina Beach counted some 50,000 souls down there last Sunday. It is beginning to look as if beach resorting were here to stay. And do you mind my saying that we have in Carolina Beach and Wrightsville, not to mention Wil mington, Kure, and on down to Ft. Fisher — and, oh yes, also Southport’s Long Beach — just about as fine a collection of resort centers as you’ll find anywhere. And speaking of the fineness ol the resorts in this area, some oi you older ones may remember what the Honorable Cameron Morrison, while he was Governor of North Carolina, had to say about the ocean that laps at our coast. The then Governor Morrison was being quite expansive on a trip to the sea. He looked out over the Atlantic and said: There, my friends, is as good an ocean as you’ll find anywhere.*1 The then Governor, of course, was dead right. I don’t think you 11 find a better ocean than the one we have to offer the folk3 from upstate and also the folks from faraway Indiana. And it is no wonder to me that) folks like the ones from Raleigh are clubbing up to come on down. STAR Dust Student of Retreat In Louisiana maneuvers, one captain was having unusually rough sledding with his problems. His outfit was flanked time and again, forcing him to withdraw. One day, a private in his com pany was “captured,” but later managed to escape. The captain asked him about the “enemy’s” movements. "They’re retreating now,” the private said. The captain was dubious. “Do you know what a retreat looks like?” he asked. “Well, sir,” drawled the late captive, "I’ve been with you all throuoh those maneuvers.”_Wall The Doctor Says— WAYS TO AVOID DROWNING DANGER By WILLIAM A. O’BRIEN, M n Drowning fatalities increase large numbers of vacationists take chances in the water. Children who have not learned to swim should take lessor,; before they go into dep water, Safety should be practiced in boat; Un. necessary loss of life is t0 oe stopped. Drowning results from obstruc. tion to the respiratory trac\ The difficulty is caused by a spasrn ol tie larynx which shuts oft air in. take. Little water enters the trachea, bronchi, or lungs. As the victim obtains lcs- and less oxygen, the brain becotres insensitive and breathing stops. Most of the water which is forced out of the body after recovery comes from the esophagus and the stomach. First-aid for those saved from drowning consists of freeing the air passageway of obstruction and starting aritficial respiration. Tight clothing should be loosened, and attempts at resuscitation should be continued until all hope is gone, which may be two hofts or more. Keep the body warm by covering it with a blanket. The Schaeffer method is best for the average person to uso. The victim should be rolled over on his stomach, his hands pulled for ward and his head turned to one side to relievo obstruction of the nose or mouth. Kneel at the side of or astride the victim, facing toward his head. Place your hands, palm down ward over his back ribs, with your thumbs about two inches apart and parallel to the spine. Holding your arms straight, slowly lean forward until your hands press downward and com. i press the chest. Lean back and 1 assume your original position without removing your hands from die body. The forward motion should take about three seconds and the back ward motion about two seconds, which permits about twelve respi rations per minute. Do not be rough or hurried, and do not give up. Death will occur within two to five minutes if oxygen does not reach the tissues. Some parts of the body can stand deprivation of oxygen for a long period of time, but the brain is sensitive to lack of this vital chemical and dies sooner than do other parts of the body. The rocking method which has been so highly publicized requires special equipment, and th* Schaef fer method should be used until the apparatus is set up. Then the patient is placed face down on a board which is placed over a saw horse about three feet tall. The patient is fastened to the board with ties around the arms and feet. The face is turned to one side, and the passageway is freed of obstruction. The aim is to rock the patient back and forth about 12 to 15 times a minute as the intestines, lliver, and stomach, in shifting their posi tions, push the diaphragm up and down. While aritifical respiration is being given someone should go for help. In most cities a respira tor is available for use in the most serious cases. The majority of water accidents can be prevented if common sense is used at all times, Take no chances in the water. The Literary Guidepost By W. G. ROGERS OSOAR WILDE; HIS LIFT AND HIS WIT, by Hesketh Pearson (Harper; $3.75). However much we delight in “Lady Windermere’s Fan," ’’A Woman of No Importance," A. Ideal Husband” and “The Impit tance of Being Earnest,” ail writ ten and produced in the last d*. cade of Wilde’s life, we delight even more, l think, in the mar himself, the dramatist rather than the dramas. His big hit, the ore on which ho worked longest and hardest, was the importance o'. being Oscar Wilde. Previous biographers recognized that; indeed, it is somethin a th!/ couldn’t miss. Pearson practically lets Wilde take over, and on some pages you ask whether th:r is r Pearson, or by Wilde arranged by Pearson. When the subjec' is wittiest man and the most lating conversationalist of h s gen eration, that’s very wise proce dure. The result is not the mar, a si not the notorious vice, bu ; ’ clear, beautifully modula'od, •' ing with paradox, aphori; epigram, the voice mom v0' ' hearing f or its enter* value than any other in century. Wilde kept the e r ’ - e ciety of his generation in ears o laughter. As a reward, it kept K m tears by trying and jailing and hounding him till he d;ri T::a Marquis of Queensberry d d carry over his rules for * ^: fight in the ring into his -pite-• persecution of the poet who, charged, seduced his son lord fred Douglas. Even after h:s dea they didn’t let him rest in pesc? end who knows how much it *'a! Jacob Epstein, and how rrii:c. Wilde, that the public condemn^ in the symbolic figures on '•'* tomb Epstein modeled for him $ <he Paris cemetery?