North Carolina'i Oides' Daily Newspaper
Published Daily Except Sunday
R. B. Page, Publisher
Telephone Ail Departments 2-3311
Entered as Second Class Matter at Wilming
ton, N. C.. Postoffice Under Act of Congress
of March 3. 1878
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MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS
AND ALSO SERVED BY THE UNITED PRESS
TUESDAY, JULY 23. 1946_
TOP O’ THE MORNING
A charming personality depends not upon
the contour of the face or the cut of the
clothes, but upon the quality of one’s think
ing. The thoughts of the inner life will soon
be written upon the face, and nothing so
beautifies a face as a beautiful spirit dwell
From “Day by Day”
An Important Meeting
The meeting planned for Thursday j
night of representatives from the five
beach resorts in New Hanover county
when it is hoped a program will be
drafted for year-around operation of
them all will afford the best of oppor
tunities for the leaders to get together
>n a cooperative rather than a com
Competition, naturally, will have an
important role in the proposed program
but if the master plan is carried out
on sound principles it will be construc
tive_that is to say, with the idea of
outdoing the other resorts in improve
ments without belittling similar efforts
among the others—and uniting in a
campaign to exploit the advantages of
Great good can come from this gath
ering if rivalries, as such, are set aside.
Nature has given New Hanover county
as fine a stretch of ocean front as exists
on the entire Atlantic coast. The mild
winter climate, the excellence of spring
and autumn weather, are assets of tre
mendous economic value. There is no
reason why the county’s beaches should
not be as popular with vacationists in
the so-called off-season periods as in
the summer, if the necessary better
ments in accommodations and recrea
tional facilities are made available and
their advantages widely publicized.
On The Wrong Track
Russian art generally has come un
der the disfavor of the Soviet-controll
ed press because it is allegedly failing
to represent the ideology and creative
activities of the communistic society.
We are not prepared to dispute this
View. Perhaps the ideology and creative
activities of the communist society are
beyond the power of art to portray.
But w'e believe that the Soviet press
could find bette/ use for itself by giv
ing credit, as all the rest of the world
does, to Russia’s truly creative artists
in music and literature. Russia has
had its geniuses in both, but they were
not communists. Maybe that is why the
current Soviet press is not doing its
duty by them.
The world’s library of creative music
contains no better examples of sheer
genius than is to be found in the works
of Tschaikovsky, Rimski-Korsokov,
Moussorgsky and Borodin; nor does all
literature offer better .or more instruc
tive writing than may be read between
the covers of Tolstoy’s writings.
If present-day Russia but knew it,
the nation has such wealth in the arts
that it could do better in holding them
up as objectives for the present genera
tion to equal than in subjecting its
twn people and neighbor nations to
communistic totalitarianism and rob
Puts Himself On Spot
Yesterday’s Wilmington News dis
played a particularly informative illu
stration. Two of the men in the pic
tture were Representative John W.
McCormack of Massachusetts and Rep
resentative Adolph Sabath of Illinois.
Mr. McCormack is shown testifying be
fore the Mead War Investigation Com
mittee, where he ^appeared voluntarily
to deny the Garsson interests had call
ed him several times, according to the
testimony previously offered by Mrs.
Jean Bates, a secretary in the Garsson
offices. Mr. Sabath is shown at the right
of Mr. McCormack, awaiting his turn
to testify, also voluntarily.
Mr. McCormack is the House Demo
cratic leader, a post well calculated to
keep the incumbent busy. Mr. Sabath
is chairman of the vital Rules Com
mittee of the House, another busy post.
Yet both these men could find time to
appear before the Mead Committee
The third person in the illustration
is Senator Janies Mead of New York,
in the act of signing a subpoena order
ing Representative Andrew J. May of
Kentucky to appear and tell what he
knows of war contracts awarded the
Garssons and their affiliated concerns.
Mr. May is supposed to appear at the
committee’s hearing today. There is
considerable doubt that he will do so.
He is reputed to have said that his con
gressional duties as chairman of the
House Military Committee are too heavy
to permit him to take the stand at the
Nobody wants to prejudge Mr. May,
but is it probable that he is busier
than Mr. McCormack or Mr. Sabath?
Are his duties so much more onerous
than theirs that he cannot spare the
time, as they did, to tell his story?
Even if he should stand on his
privilege and refuse to testify while
Congress is in session, he is but putting
off the day wffien he must appear. The
present session is nearing an end. As
soon as the speaker’s gavel falls for
the last time before the long recess he
may be brought before the inquisition
whether he wants to appear or not. Cer
tainly he is not strengthening his posi
tion by waiting until then.
This Bolivian revolution runs in the
Latin-American pattern. They have
been so frequent and treacherous there
can be no surprise that another has
come and gone.
But it is shocking, nevertheless, to
: learn that the student revolutionaries
j should hang the deposed president,
Gualberto Villarroel, twice, apparently
after he was dead, and particularly
after he had resigned his office and
was attempting to leave the country.
The hanging of a dead man—ac
counts say Villarroel had been thrown
out a window first—certainly is not
the act of reasonable mortals. To re
peat the act cannot fail to prove revolt
ing among the less barbarous of his
There may have been legitimate
reasons to complain of his administra
tion. Usually the person who is popu
larly known as the “strong man” of
a regime gains the title by diabolical
methods. It was applied to Stalin for
some years before he became the tool
of the military. Villarroel may well have
deserved to be ousted. But it is im
possible to condone the manner of his
Because of the sanguinary turn this
revolution has taken it is not difficult
to trace the actions of the revolution
aries to the effects of the war which
so recently ended.
Competitor With Strikes
We are indebted to an instructer in
the Kansas City College of Osteopathy
and Surgery for the information that
at least 6,850,000 persons in this coun
try are annually afflicted with arthritis,
and that 147,000 of this number be
come permanent invalids. Surveys con
ducted by the college, the instructor
adds, reveal that rheumatic disorders
are responsible for the loss of 97,000,
000 work days every year.
It might be claimed that rheumatism
in one form or another is the most ac
tive competitor with labor strikes in
work losses, unless, forsooth, it is ex
ceeded by mala
BY WESTBROOK PEGLER
(Copyright, By King Features Syndicate Inc.)
NEW YORK, July, 22 — This new veterans’
organization called the American Veterans'
Committee, or AVC, Inc , seems to love public
ity because it is always turning the crank
and grinding out press “releases,” and, in its
official bullentin about its recent first annual
convention in Des Moines, it boasted about
its press notices like an old time dog-act hang
ing around outside the palace.
I thought a lot of this coverage was slanted
in favor of the AVC, Inc., by writers who hold
that the program of the political action bunch
is gosoel and that all doubters are dirty here
tics and doubt that it will be entirely helpful
to the AVC# because it will irritate such in
fidels, amounting, in all, to a mighty number.
The term “release,” meaning a handout
from a press-agent, is really a misnomer and
a distortion because in the original sense it
meant a speech by an important person or a
decision by a court or bureau such as the In
terstate Commerce Commission which was
given to the press associations and paper in
advance under seal of confidence for a simul.
taneous “release” by the clock or by flash.
Way b2ck, someone got up the ingenious
idea of turning out the text of speeches by
the President, maybe Mr. Taft or the first
Roosevelt, whicn thus could be wired ahead
in slack hours or even mailed all over the
country under a warning line, “hold for re.
lease.” This relieved congestion, diminished
the chances of errors due to haste, some
times saved money in tolls and assured wider
circulation for the pearls of wisdom of an
So, in the case of an oration, when the great
man started sounding off, the reporter on the
assignment had only to hear him Worn his
“A”, remark to the operator, “flash, release
speech” and then amuse himself as he pleased
which, contrary to a low superstition, doesn’t
mean that he always curled up on the back of
his neck in a police sergeant’s chair with a
slab of pebbleford and a dirtyword, butchers,
paper intellectual magazine to stimulate his
Sometimes a fellow would listen to the
speech, and to the improvement of his mind,
too, because we have had some better than
fair scholars and statesmen in our public life,
or he might sit down to one of those old
fashioned, sight-unseen Oliver rock-crushers,
which wore a ribbon as wide as a hall runner
and had arms like the walking cranes of a
Hudson side-wheeler, and bat out the premoni.
tory versions of such excellent Ameri
can literature as the “Judge Priest” stories of
Irvin Cobb or Wallace Irwin’s “Letters of the
That is what “release’ meant originally and
to violate or jump a release was a very serious
breach of ethics and still is, for that matter,
in the case of bona fide advance copy, but
not, of course, in the case of an ordinary
publicity handout, sheaves of which are dump,
ed on the desk every day and hardly any of
which is- read, much less published. A reporter
covering a speech that is being held for re.
lease is perfectly safe in leaving the job after
hearing the speaker tlitough the first para
graph 99 times out of a hundred but may fall
on his face the hundredth time when the fel.
low get3 his second wind or loses his temper
and starts dealing fresn material off the end
of his tongue or the top of his head. Of course
if he is or, the air, the radio quotes him literal,
ly and without special effort but the press has
to watch for digessions and stick them into
the text, sometimes noting that the insert mat
ter was not in the original version.
Nowadays a batch of mail may bring a“re_
lease” from some tub-thumper consisting of
some banal joke attributed to a night club
comedian or the political views of some swol.
len ignoramus acting in a movie and reams ol
mimeograph from political organizations pro
moting everything from cleo to unrestricted
immigration to Palestine.
Strangely, althougn radio is mighty uppity
about its importance as a medium for reach
ing the public, radio still grabs all the space
it can in print and my own beloved profesion,
dopes that we are, having warmed this viper
at our bosom, continue to plug our hated rival
not omy with occasional stories but with regu.
lar departments under standing heads and in
anchored positions whicn consist largely ol
free advertising without a trace of news value.
We have also been snowed up with straight
propaganda and publicity copy or “releases”
from a lot of the government bureaus since
the new deal began, most of all by the Treas.
ury in the interest of 1he Bretton Woods thing
and by the OPA, but in the big volume also
by the Department of Justice from time to
time. And, while it can’t be said that the
Supreme Court actually distributed handouts,
some of the learned brethern haven't hesitated
to slip information to selected individuals thai
should have been secrets of the circle, as
Justice Jackson noted in bending back the
ears of Justice Black. Some people say the
Treasury and OPA. violated the law in using
public money to promote pet isms of the bosses
of these bureaus among the people and to in.
stigate pressure against Congress but I guess
that even so, it would be silly to expect the
Department of Justice to indict anyone for
I think the AVC's publicity department is
more efficient than the mimeograph service
of any of the other veterans’ groups, old or
new, in the sense that its copy is more provoc.
ative and newsy but mt all of its handouts
will promote its ambiticn to round up the
greatest number of veterans. It has a very
definite political character of a leftish angle
and I assume that those veterans who are
shopping around for an organization to join
will discriminate and refuse to have any truck
with an outfit that promotes measures which
One veteran may be strong for unemploy,
ment pay for veterans and non - veterans, too.
who are idle by choice because they won’t
cross a picket line and would rather loaf six
months on $25 a week from the government
than work for $40 or $45 a week. He may like
the AVC for that proposal even though he ob_
jects ro a world government and the “univer
sal lowering of immigration barriers to dis
placed persons’ -which would mean that the
United States would become the new home of
millions of the most pestiferous and implac
able pests on earth whi would then want pen
sions, or relief, and spend the rest of their
lives yowling about discrimination instead of
grabbing shovels and going to work. But
another fellow, with confidence, ambition and
salf-respect might say to hell with all that and
discern that if a man can draw $25 a week
just because it is against his principle to cross
a picket line, establisned by some communist
or racketeer, then the same pension should
be due any bum who is opposed to work on
principle. Any ingenious persons can kick up
a “labor dispute” on a pretext and, by a
“strike” of, say 100 men throw 5,000 others
onto the $25 dole.
A THREAT TO PEACE
The All-American Soap Box Derby Will
Settle A Moot Point Among The Boys
BY JOHN SIKES
Jack Lunan, a co - worker on
these pages who is acting as a
sort of pater-familias to some 50
odd New Hanover youngsters rang,
ing in ages from 11 to 15 tliTfe sum
mer, tells me that inasmuch as
J. Edgar Hoover nas given his un
qualified endorsement to the Soap
Box Derby I should come on out
and ungrudgingly add mine.
I cannot get Mr. Lunan’s con.
nection between me and Mr. Hoov
er. To my recollection I have never
committed a crime that would set
the G boys on my trail. But I have
a short memory.
Mr. Lunan in his pater-familias
capacity, is The Star's representa
tive on the local Soap Box Derby
committee which on July 1 will sup.
pervise the races between these 50
odd New Hanover youngsters in
their homemade, boy-propelled
miniature automobile racers.
Herewith, Mr. Lunan, is my un
qualified endorsement. Being the
father of two sons I feel I am much
better qualified to judge what is
good for our youngsters than Mr.
Hoover. After all, he has spent tlje
past many years dealing with tough
guys who run away from his—Mr.
Hoover’s boys—in real automobiles.
The boys in the Derby will be trying
to run away from each other in
make-out-like automobiles they
When I was about the age of the
present-day Soap Boxers I was al
ways tinkering with something
that looked like the automobiles of
that day. A couple of boards, four
wheels from a broken down express
wagon—they called them then—
and an old orange crate, all tacked
together with a few nails, were
good for a conveyance any day.
As a matter of fact the whole
Soap Box Derby idea started from
just such a contraption like I and
my little chums wheeled around
the small towns, and bigger ones
too, of America. A newspaper
reporter by the name of Myron E.
Scott was moseying around the
Day By Day
By WILLIAM T. ELLIS
A NIAGARA IN STONE
One of the wonders of the world
that tourists never see is a New
Testament site — the ruins of Hier.
apolis, in central Turkey. This fa
mous Roman resort was one of the
Laodicean Churches; and from its
celabrated tepid mineral springs
Saint John doubtless got his grim
figure of the Church that
was neither hot nor cold.
That same spring, running
ceaselessly through the centuries,
like the will of God, has gradually
encrusted the lower sectioh of the
ruined city; and as the water
plunged over the hill it has creat
ed a glistening cataract of stone!
.wider and higher than Niagara!
There is nothing else like it on
Laodicea itself is a heap of
ruins; but this petrification of
Hierapolis is an even more awe
some symbol of the fate of the soul
or city that God rejects and con
Make us ever obedient to Thy
will, O Lord, that we may never
know the awful fate of rejection
by THEE. Keep ns hot with holy
streets of Akron, Ohio, one day
back about 1932 and he saw a young
ster come zo-o-o-oir.g down the side
walk in one of those homemade
This sort of thing interests the
boys all over the country, Mr.
Scott probably mused, jotting down
a note or two on a frayed cuff on
which all newspaper reporters in
those days jotted down their notes,
according to the movies. Why not
organize all this energy, give these
boys some recognition for their in
genuity in building these soap box
automobiles from the spare parts
they managed to salvage from the
junk pile at the back of the house.
You know, encourage resourceful
ness while it is yet in the budding
From this, as I say, stemmed the
: present-day All-America Soap Box
America’s Card Authority
The eastern delegation which
flew out to California for the first
real bridge competition between
the east and west had to be satis
fied with one national champion
ship. The national mixed pair event
was held in San Francisco and won
by Harry J. Fishbein of New York
and Mrs. Paula Bacher of East
Orange. N. J.
Returning on the plane, Fish
bein complimented Mrs. Bacher on
the exactness of her defensive
play, which she demonstrated in
At most tables South was able
to buy the contract at four spades'
and in most cases made five. How
ever, when declarer won Fish,
bein’s opening club lead with the
ace and returned a spade. Mrs.
Bacher (East) won the trick with
the'ace and shifted to a diamond.
Now declarer had t° lose a dia
mond and a heart.
Had Mrs. Bacher made the mis
take of returning her partner’s
suit, a club, declarer would have
ruffed, picked up the other trump,
cashed the ace and king of hearts
and then led a small heart. Now
all Mrs. Bacher could do would
be to get her queen of hearts, as
the losing diamond would be dis
carded on declarer’s good heart.
* * *
Mrs. Bacher knew from the
bidding, especially the five-club
bid. that Fishbein held six clubs.
If declarer’s side distribution was
hearts, as it was, she realized that
if they were ever to get a dia
mond trick, she had to establish
4 J 10 9 5 2
Fishbein Mrs. Bacher
4 3 N 4 A 7
*94 W E 4Q1072
♦ Q 10 5 4 g 4 K 9 8 3
4 K Q J 7 5 Dea|gr 4 10 8 2
4 A J6
. Tournament—N.-S. vul.
South West North East
14 24 24 34
3 4 Pass 4 4 Pass
Pass 5 4 Pass Pass
5 4 Pass Pass Pass
Opening—4 K. 23
Derby. It has the backing of some
130-odd newspapers, of which the
Star-News organization is one,
throughout the country.
These youngsters who enter the
contest must do all the work on
the racers they enter. They are
circumscribed by rules specifying
how each part of the racer must be
built, or rather the limits for the
sundry parts. And Pop can't come
out to the backyard and offer any
supervisory remarks, As a matter
of fact, if Pop did he’d probably
mess up a good racer in the mak
If you want to be mercenary —
as who isn’t this day and time?—
the prizes that are to be won in
these contests are not exactly
trash. The winner here in Wilming.
ton, for instance, will receive a
foot-high trophy and a trip to
Akron, Ohio, where he will compete
with Soap Box winners from all
over the nation. If he should win
the national races at Akron he gets
a four-year course in any college
or university of his choice. The
runner-up at Akron gets the latest
model Chevrolet sedan. Also here
in Wilmington various merchants
have donated prizes for the local
boys in the local event and the
Raney Chevrolet will send the proud
parents of the winner on an all
expenses-paid trip to Akron with
their son. In addition to this, each
local winner is presented a wrist
watch at a banquet to all the boys
But that’s being mercenary.
What’s much more important —
and what, of course, the gentlemen j
were thinking about when they j
worked out the All-American Soap
Box Derby — is that the young
sters all over the country are given
the opportunity to prove formally !
and officially that the last man tc j
the bottom of the hill is a rotten I
And further to prove, with the
help of stop-watches and an impos.
mg array of judges whose decisions J
cannot be attributed to chance that: |
My racer’ll run faster’n yours.” j
STAR Dust !
The Little Grass Thatch
When the late Vice- President
Wiomas R. Marshall was prac
tismg law back in Indiana he
evolued the interesting theory that
t was possible to detect a liar on
Stand by his Adam’s
man ^ hiS belief «>at *
a" could n°t prejure himself
without swallowing 0n the lie.
There was a certain citizen of
reputation^f Wb° bad 3 notorious
refutation for not telling the truth
^ her on or off the witness staS
He was to appear- one day in a
case and Marshall was to cross
examine him. Marshall’s lawyer
friends crowded into the S
room to watch him test out hi.
measure of perjury. While the
cour watched and waited with
breathless interest many wagers
were laid Came the crucial mo!
ment - the witness took the stand!
“How did your theory test nut?”
a friend asked Marshall later
"Not worth a dime.” snorted
the Hoosier lawyer. “When that
fellow sat down on the stand what
do you think? He had a beard that
not only covered his Adam’s
apple, but nearly all the rest of
his anatomy as well. No bets were
paid off that day.
Wall St. Journal
BY WILLIAM A. O'BRIFV M
When light is reflected fr0m“'
shiny surface, or when i, str k a
the eye directly, it causes a c„Ci
traction of the pupil and unever
stimulation of the retina. This m
be a source of headaches or m
The human eye was develop
for use out-of-doors, and brV
light does not cause it any
culty, except when the ir.tensit»‘“’
Sun glasses afford reiipf
glare, if they are the proper -v-'I
The inexpensive variety >s 0;.p'
made of pressed glass", and " v
cause of the uneven Sll .;lces
through which the Hunt mUs.
pass, these glasses may be «
source of eye-straia.
If you wear sun glasses put.
chase the variety made of opHcal
ground glass, which shut: ou’mos‘
of the harmful rays ar.d dees not
interfere with color percept,on,
Individuals with errors in re
fraction may have their correction
ground into their sun glasses fw
Reading out-of-doors in the sun-.,
mertime I may cause eyestra n
from .glare if the light is leflected
directly from the glossy case
the eye. Summertime readers also
develop eyestrain from read®
lying down in such a way that the
book, magazine, or paoer is no;
held in the proper position.
The student with an eye diffi.
culty should give his eyes a res*
during the summer months Al
though eye examinations indicate
that students’ eyes are rarely
harmed by study, there is a cer
tain variety of eve-strain, notably
myopia or nearsightedness, which
has a tendency to become worse
during childhood and early adult
Myopic persons should have
their eyes checked from time to
time, and should give them a res:
from fine work at every oppo
®ye infection may result frny.
irritation by strong light, althotua
the usual cause is a germ or a
virus which has been picked up
through contact, with someone
else who has an eye infection. Use
of a common towel at the beach
may be the source of these infec
Mild cases usually dear up
without difficulty if they are kept
clean, but the more serious ones
require the attention of a physi
Allergic reactions may involve
the eyes (vernal catarrh), and
these tend to start in the spring
and last until fall. Seasonal aller
gic eye manifestations are asso
dated with sensitivity to plants
and trees. The allergy appears
during the peak of sensitivity.
Summer is a good time to have
the children’s eyes examined, be
fore they start to school. Learn
ing is retarded by poor vision.
By w. G. ROGERS
VASARI’S LIVES OF THE
ARTISTS, abridged and edited
by Betty Burroughs (Simon
and Schuster; $3.75).
Aside from the paintings ther
selves, no single record of the a.
of the three centuries culir.ina’n s
in Vasari’s maturity. . .he died r
1574. . .is -anywhere near so com
plete as Vasari’s “Lives.”
He had his opinions about a:
some unjust and all of them col
ored by his bias in behalf of tie
Florentines, although its only fa
to add that some modern r"
share that bias and defend it ahiv.
But Vasari was primarily a hi*
torian; he describes the subject.*
of picture and sculpture tcL
W'here they are to be found, ar
gives information pert inert ai
impertinent but always
mg about the artists. His title
not “history of art" but "lives of
But historians can'4 i- f
I without it. And it is made avail
able here for the layman ei
assumption, and a corrcr1
that you don't need to be in,r'";
ed in art to -ake an intern''
Vasari. That doesn’t work
other wav around, however.
Vasari will inevitably start
: looking at pictures. Hanoi]-,
can begin with the book sm
hand, for it has many i!!’:‘
tions, some in color.
Vasari was really a
writer, who understood tn
bites dog” makes a better
than "man paints picture.'’ h" '
granting, genius to Andrea '■■■
Sarto, he points out the* !■■■
was a shrew. In the n.ir”
praises of Donatello, lit
neglect the time when the
sculptor spilled the
While the Dome of Florence r
be Brunelleschi’s masterpiece,
are reminded that the m.*:'
architect carved models ' -
of a turniD, and that he fixed ^
wineshop and lunchroom in
cupola so that his v
wouldn’t have to come
earth in the middle of the '
-It was a time of greatness r
there was a time to be
it should be remembered
lew exceptions such as FTosac
and Giorgione, those Rena ?"‘r
giants enjoyed long live?:
della Robbia. 82: Dona'.e’0 , ,p
Titian. 99: Michelangelo. W ■
is an obvious misprint fn
date of Jacooo Bellini: it ■*'
be about 1400. '***
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