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Corning &tar North Carolina's Oldest Daily Newspaper Published Daily Except Sunday By The Wilmington Star-News r. B. Page. Publisher Telephone All Departments 2-3311 Entered as Second Class Matter at Wilming ion, N. C., Postoffice Under Act of Congress of March 3. 187»__ SUBSCRIPTION RATES BY CARRIER IN NEW HANOVER COUNTY Payable Weekly or in Advance Combi Time Star News nation t Week ......_$ -30 $ .25 $ .50 l Month .—.... 1.30 1.10 2.15 3 Months.— 8.80 3.25 6.50 B Months . 7.80 6.50 18.00 l year _ 15.60 13.00 26.00 (Above rates entitle subscriber to Sunday issue of Star-News) " SINGLE COPY Wilmington News .— Morning Star .—....—. Sunday Star-News ..— *0° By Mail: Payable Strictly in Advanco 3 Months . $2.50 $2.00 $3.85 6 Months . 5.00 4.00 7.70 1 Year . 10.00 8.00 15.40 (Above rates entitle subscriber to Sunday issue of Star-News)_ WILMINGTON STAR (Daily Without Sunday) 3 Months—$1.85 6 Months—$3.70 1 Year—$7.40 When remitting by mail please use check or U. S. P. O money order. The Star-News can not be responsible lor currency sent through the mails. _ llEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS K.ND ALSO SERVED BY THE UNITED PRESS ' SATURDAY. AUGUST 10 TOP O' THE MORNING God will net always remove a burden, but He will always give strength to bear it; and strength is a far greater gift than ease. Exchange. Ready For Factory One of the handicaps retarding Wil mington’s industrial expansion has been the difficulty in obtaining priori ties for building materials. In addi tion to the plants already in or dis posed to start operation, named by John H. Farrell, the industrial agent and executive secretary of the Cham ber of Commerce, other firms have made it known they would gladly set up their business here if it were pos sible to let contracts for their plants and start construction without further delay. One of these latter could solve this problem immediately by buying the Raleigh Community building in Maf fitt Village, which the Federal Hous ing Authority has advertised for sale. The building, of concrete block con struction contains some 13,000 square feet of floor space and is located on a thirteen acre tract. The land goes with the building, and offers space for additional expansion or warehouse storage room as needed. The Raleigh building is not far from the beltline railroad and will be close to the projected port terminals—handy to rail or ocean transport. Bonuses Bad Business Mr. Webster—Noah was his given name—is no longer among us, but his book, paradoxically, is the latest au thority on the subject of words and what they mean. You can’t go wrong if you accept his definitions. When he defines “bonus,” therefore, as something given in addition to what is usual or strictly due, you can lay your bet on the line with assurance that you’ll win if you can find a taker. We are particularly impressed by the phrase “strictly due.” When Mr. Web ster tells us a bonus is something not strictly due, we are constrained to con sider it bad business. This is particularly true of govern ment bonuses which came thick and fast with the ascendency of the new deal. .When the Roosevelt administration en couraged race suicide among hogs or required farmers to plow under every other row of cotton, fanners received bonuses to offset their losses. The habit grew, so that when the Office of Price Administration was set up, all kinds of businesses, whether they had to do with soil crops or industry, began at once to receive bonuses with the mistaken idea that by some strange process the gifts would prevent inflation. For a decade or more a large section of the American people have been liv ing off bonuses. The folly of this is that recipients have had to pay back a considerable part of the money thus re ceived in the form of taxes so that sub sequent bonus payments might be avail ,^)le. Of course it has been bad business _worse, even, than robbing Peter to pay Paul. The worst part of it is that nobody can get something for nothing without having to pay heavily in the long run. Reacting To Accusations It is always interesting to note the reactions of individuals confronted with investigation. There is Representative May, for ex ample, whose name is mentioned in con nection with the Garsson war contracts and who stubbornly refused to appear before the Mead Investigating Commit tee and is now at his Kentucky home facing execution of a subpoena to do so if and when his health will permit. If Mr. May is innocent of implication in unsavory Garsson transactions he would have saved himself a deal of trouble and many innuendos_even, per haps, the heart attack from which he is said to be suffering. Even if his record was not spotless he could have disposed of the whole mess and gained public sympathy by giving his testi mony voluntarily when first asked to appear before the Mead Committee. Then there is the attitude of Henry Kaiser. He is reported as welcoming a request from Senator Bridges that the Mead Committee investigate his RFC financed companies. “Investigations to me are a necessary disclosure of the facts to the people,” Mr. Kaiser said. “I will tell the real story, which has never been heard be fore, to the congressional committee, and the character assassins can tell their story, all of us speaking under oath where equity prevails.” He is willing enough to be called by: the committee, but he wants at the same time to know: 1. “Why the Government furnish- j ed the steel corporations over $1,000, 000,000 for steel facilities and the cor porations refused to take a dime’s worth of risk on these same steel facili ties. 2. “Why the steel corporations weren’t required to pledge their profits on war contracts and Kaiser was forced to pledge his profits, just to get the steel to build ships. 3. “Why those who control the basic materials are protected and those who are fighting monopolv are punish ed.” He is not dodging investigation but justly wants the committee to do a thorough job while it is at it. In contrast is the position of Andrew J. Higgins, builder of PT-boats and landing craft, who says he is “surpris ed and amazed” that the government should accuse him of irregularities in business. So much evidence of irregu larity in war contracts has come to light it is not surprising that any per son should be accused of misdeeds. The way to set accusations aside is to co operate in any investigation, not in be ing amazed that an inquiry is to be made. Terminal Pay Although the bill authorizing the ex penditure had not been signed by Presi dent Truman when this was written, the expectation is that the GI’s will receive their terminal pay in cash and five year bonds, amounting in all to $2,431, 708,000. The money according to pledge is due them. President Truman did the right thing in signing the deficiency appropriation, approved just before Con gress adjourned. It is to be hoped that the beneficiaries employ the capital thus to be acquired advisedly, and put it to work in some manner to yield a profit, unless it is actually needed for living expenses. It is the more important that they do this, because the taxes from which the appropriation will have to be paid must fall upon them no less than all other taxpayers. One is reminded of the song in the once-popular operetta Wang which went something like this: “Ah, too late we learn with sorrow, every rose must have its thorn.” It is a pretty song that had such a hold on the public fancy that even the street pianos took it up. It had a vogue that not even Valencia sur passed. The thorn in the terminal pay rose is the taxes that must be levied for meeting the cost, with the veterans hay ing to pav their shara. The Paris Debate By ANNE O’HARE McCORMICK The angry debate that flared up in Paris yesterday began in San Francisco and has been going on in international meetings ever since. Over-simplified and boiled down to its essence, it is another argument between Rus sia and tne Western Powers on the meaning of words. Just as the Russians use terms like democracy, free elections and liberty of the press in a sense that does not translate into our language, so as timP goes on and their actions make their meaning clearer it de velops that even their definition of the word international is quite different from theirs. The difference came out first in drafting the United Nations Charter. Mr. Byrnes charged yesterday that ever since Potsdam the Soviet Union has sought to restrict the participants in the peace conference to the smallest pos sible number. But in 3-n Francisco Mr. Molo tov fought hard to limit the small nation’s right of discussion, and bis prompt support of discussion, and his prompt support of this right in Paris lepresents a distinct advance. The never-ending debate on the veto is just a continuation of the argument, for whereas the United States is just as keen on its veto power as the Soviet Union, there is a wide divergence between the two countries on whether if applies only to ultimate decisions for the use of force. That is how we under stand it, but the Russians have demonstrated that they constiue it as something that can be invoked on any question, however trivial, on which a Big Power v-ants to have its own way. Mr. Byrnes challenged Mr. Molotov to "se cure or permit" publication in the Soviet Union of tht statement in reply to the Russian delegate’s charges the day before. Mr. Molo tov promptly accepted the challenge, thereby admitting that he had power to do in Russia what Mr. Byrnes couid not promise for the American press. The American delegate could assume, as he did, that since America has a free press the attack against him by the Soviet representative would be published in the Unit ed States, but he could not order the papers to publish it. Mr. Molctov was frank to admit that he can. He had something to say about the free press in America. He asserted that it was a trust, which ne had heard was controlled by "two or three bosses ” He added that the press should net only be free but objective and hon. est. The.a he illustrated the Soviet conception of a free press by declaring that he accepted Mr. Byrnes’ suggestion to publish his speech in the Russian papers. The assumption that a press admittedly un der one supreme boss constitutes a free hon est and objective press underlines the differ ence in definitions. The same difference re veals itself in the opposing views of what con stitutes international order and international decisions. The Russian idea is that the Big Minority rules. In this conception, the terms of the treaties to be reviewed in Paris, for instance can be determined only by the Big Four of the Big Three. In a final analysis this is true. Under any system of voting the Great Powers will have the final word. There is little question that on all important issues their agreements will stand. Therefore all the impassioned discussion about majority votes and two-thirds votes is not about the details of the treaties. It is not over Trieste, repara tions, the control of the Danube, but over contradictory conceptions of how the w'orld is to be organized and run. "What do you mean by ‘‘international co operation? ’ asks the seventeen of the Four in Paris. And the Four do not agree. The de_ cision on Trieste is a case in point. The For eign Ministers decided to set up an interna tional regime over a 'ree territory. But it ap pears now that neither “international’’ nor “free territory" means the same thing to all, and that there is no agreement as to just what they do mean in a concrete instance. The United States insis's on the international!, zation of the Danube and Russia says yes, but with an entirely different connotation. The Soviet Government consistently opposes every move t0 broaden the base of power in the world and the small nations instinctively fight every restriction of their limited rights, knowing that they gain ground every time they are heard, even if they do not change the Big Power verdicts. The same line-up appears in Paris that show's itself in the United Nations. It is not against Russia, although the Rus ians are undoubtedly sincere in thinking so. Nor is it against communism as a philosophy. It is against the Soviet conception of minority rule. Mr Molotov is afraid of the majority vote because Russia, despite her power, her satellites, the parties supporting her aims in nearly every country, is the minority. This is the striking fact brought out in Paris as in New Yor.r. The classic conception of demo cratic piotedure, in oeacemaking as in world organization, is more popular than the Soviet definition. When Russia realizes that this is so, she mr.y decide <to join the majority. New York Times. QUOTATIONS So long as men remain human there will always be the possibility that someone some where, may at some time develop an ambition to conquer us. The best that we can hope for at this time is a form of international control which will make it difficult for any nation to wage atomic warfare, and will make it impossible to launch a surprise attack—Sen. Brien McMahon (D) of Connecticut, chairman Senate Atomic Energy Committee. * » * The drafts of treaties agreed upon are not the best which human wit could devise, but they are the best which human wit could get the four principal all’es to agree upon. —Secretary of State Byrnes. * * + There is an alarming loss of faith for demo cratic living, and the resultant mental and spiritual climate is not at all assuring to men of good will.—Dr. Norman H. Dawes, Carnegie Institute of Techonology. 9 9* We may go back 300 years to the end of the Thirty-Year War to find misery and soc ial chaos comparable to that now prevailing in many parts of centra] and east-central Europe. Even so, material destruction is far greater now than then. — Knud Stowman, UNRRA epidomiologieal chief. *90 All history proves that wealth plus weak ness invites aggriession, and that nations which are not ready for war are ripe for subjugation. — Chief Justice George W. Max. pv Pennsylvania Supreme Court. J ’ » » • The Hiroshima and Nagasaki atomic bombs did not defeat Japan, nor by the testimony by the enemy leaders who ended the war did they persuade Japan to accept unconditional sur render.—U. S. Strategic Bombing Survey re port. BIG CHURCH AROUND THE CORNER_ ” > rr 9 ■SOSEb / ^V'»Tto mcy A Medley On InfantDevelopementPads And 10-Cent Cigars From Whiteville BY JOHN SIKES Before breaking into a routine that, if I were a mother, would de light me, I want to acknowledge a note from Jimmy Rogers, the Whiteville Editor, whii h comes on the heels of an item 1 jotted down herein a day or so ago about the progressive spirit of the city of Whiteville. I mentioned, after praising the place a bit, that no body in Whiteville had ever so much as bought me a coke. There fore, I could not be accused of being a mercenary sort of person who says nice things expecting to be compensated. Mr. Rogers: “Being unable to convey to you a ‘coke’ by mail, herewith goes to you, with orchids for a very nice story about Whiteville, an honest to-goodness 10-cent cigar.” Taking time out to mention that the last time I saw an honest-to goodness 10-cent seegar was when I sat enthralled as Richard Harri son. playing ‘de Lawd’, accepted one from the Angel Gabriel in “The Green Pastures,” I must tell Mr. Rogers that, as much as I appreciate his thoughtfulness, I cannot smoke cigars. 10-cent ones or otherwise. They make me deathly sick. What I had to say that I thought might delight all mothers is con tained in a story a United Press friend of mine from out in Memphis has just come out with and, further, shows how dizzily we’re moving ’orward toward the millenium in all fields. The friend is Dave Ho.vard who has this to say: “The heavy pads and suck oil cloths on which so many children slept away their first years have gone high class in the latest pad, dryly labeled an 'infant develop ment mat’. “The mat has been spread for airing by the National Cotton Religion Day By Day By WILLIAM T. ELLIS LITTLE FRANKLIN’S FISHING Thrice, as he sought a place on grandfather’s knee, four-year - old Franklin said earnestly, “I want to go fishing and catch fish.” Soon his wish was fulfilled. Wise with a wisdom beyond his understanding was the laddie who wanted to go fishing “and catch fish,” I know so many grown-ups who seem content with the mere fishing—preachers who do not ex pect converts: students who have no idea of permanent knowledge; scolding parents who d0 not ex pect to be obeyed; pleasure-seek ers who have no conception of happiness. “So run tnat ye may attain,” exhorted the- apostle. The goal is the real reason for the race. When at last we return from life’s fish ing to the Father’s house, let it be with a full string of fish in our hand. We want to count for Thee, our Master, as bearers of sheaves for Thy harvest. Amen. council, which is involved like a proud papa because the backside something w'hich goes on the nether side of a spanking new baby. The pretty pictures and vital informa tion thereon, however, excuse the monicker. “The information printed on this pastel blue and pink creation covers many angles. First, there is the waterproofing, softer than McKenney On BRIDGE BY WILLIAM E. McKENNEY America’s Card Authority Part scores play an important part in tournament bridge. Gen erally if you bid two of a suit and make exactly two, and have noi lost any tricks, you are bound to get a good score. Therefore when defending against a part score contract, you have to be really on your toes. Against a game or slam, the number of tricks you can win is limited, but against a part score every move must be planned. To day’s hand is a good example of keen defense against a part score. The opening diamond lead was won by South with the king and a club was led. Declarer figuring that eventually he would have to take the club finesse put on the jack. North refused to cover. Now declarer elected to lead the eight of hearts, and when North did not cover, he played the deuce from dummy. South won with the ace. He realized there was danger that declarer might discard his diamond on dummy's good heart; nevertheless, he thought that declarer would be almost certain to make the mis take of taking another club finesse. So out came the club and sure enough. West put on the queen North won and returned a club, which South ruffed. Now South led a low diamond. Don’t forget that North had supported dia monds and had led fourth best. North won with the queen and led the fourth club Dummy trumped with the seven-soot but South overtrumped with the nine, thus defeating what should have been an easy contract. Declarer of course had several opportunities to make this hand. He shold not have taken the se ond club finesse, and he should have trumped the fourth club with the queen of spades, but such things happen on part score hands. They are important, but too often they are played carelessly. 453 4Q43 I ♦ Q853 4K7 3 2 4AK10 4I N I 4Q87 i 4986 VV E 4 K J 10 2 I ♦ J 2 e 4964 *AQJ9 Dealer] * 1085 4 J962 4' A 7 5 4 A K 10 7 464 Tournament—N.-S;' Vul. i Sooth West North Bast | 1 4 Double 2 4 Pass : Pass 2 4 Pass Pass ! Opening—4 3. 14 I >■— ■ ■! —— rn ... !»■« of the mat is waterproof mat made of cotton diaper material. “ 'Infant development mat’ may be a high-sounding name for oil-coating, and is really an asset. Then there’s dope on nursing, cut ting teeth, room temperatures, clothing, bathing and baby intel ligence. “There’s a ruler for measuring, and blank spaces recording the things which should go into a baby's book — right before snookum’s eyes, to be appraised and chewed upon. “The general appearance and reaction of the baby gives some indication of inherited intelligence, the mat says. “While mama changes the diaper — by the four-cornered method. the chart advises — smarty-pants can play peep-eye with the animals, ride elephant back, and play bow-wow with pooch. (The pooch is done up on blue, with a pink collar.) “The 'infant development mat’ addresses itself to the new mother. If she doesn't know what to do, this thing will tell her. “ 'Because this mat is water proof it serves as the mat on which you give daily care to baby. This mat gives you the informa tion you want t the moment you want ii~’ ro . says. “If there's a flaw in the mat, -it's its length for service. The waterproof area is just large enough to last a year, while the mat carefully instructs the mother that such things are needed for three years, especially at night. “Dr. Allen H. Moore, Doyleston, Pa., and Dr. Ralh M. Tyson, Philadelphia, compiled and edited the material on the mat. Snookum is left the job of revising it.” STAR Dust Lawn Mowing Most men have two general philosophies regarding lawn mow ing — and other chores around the house. They think, first of all. that it’s good for Junior to assume these tasks. It teaches responsibili ty, good work habits, care of prop erty, pride in accomplishment — and other phrases that a man hears at P.T.A. meetings, or re members vaguely from that book on Child Care For Parents that his wife made him read before the first baby was born. Lawn mowing is a little differ ent from clearing out the cellar or garage. If the lawn goes too long, the grass gets so high that it’s hard work to cut it. Therefore, on a Saturday afternoon when it looks as though Junior’s ball game had gone into extra innings, a man usually stirs himseif and gets at it. Truth to tell, after a man has read t^e papers and looked over the week’s crop of magazines he’s sort of glad to change into old clothes and get some exercise. It engenders a glow of virtuous feeling. Then by and by after a shower and change of clothes a man can lecture his son in com fort, while the latter waits im patiently to describe how the Bloody Pirates took the Supermen 3-2 in a 15 inning game.—Wall St. Journal IMPROVED PORT NEEDED IN N. [. It goes without saying fra, . ter port facilities are ba ed in North Carolina ,.ejD with and further • L sta.(. *’*;* dustrial expansion. 1:' At present there is a vigor™,, movement underway 0 d,l' ■ the Cape Fear Rive and below Wilmington to a; on the grounds that ,•> soV-^ the port would be n r :• for imports and export and heavy saving to manufac‘ur * and shippers would ?cy .v. Steadily, the State - great strides ire;, there is little doubt t.iat ports can play a big pa ing this industrial gr- yh. tageous ports have c, e stones to the growth a. d prosr'e- ' ty of many cities ar.d states H it New York not be; 1 . natural port, it could grown into the teemi . as it is today. North Carolina may r.eyer another New York— a,, be just as well—but i , s effort to improve its pons’ , , channels is made, i n,,v vr V come an industrial state’ riva" some of those on the northers' board. Since industrial expa in the State will nat in a better standard of living**,'; many Tar Heel citizens We V-„ that the Cape Fear cha.. ei' : made deep enough to handle more imports and expons. Also provement of all harbor facii should be constantly kept in J, —Raleigh Times. LETTER BOX CONCERNING IBN SAID To the Editor: Sometime ego. the Rev. Ellis his column. “Religion Day '£ Day,’’ featured in your newspape. wrote about. King Ibn Saud cal' ing him a ' great man. , .friend America, etc.’’ I suppose that Ibn Saud is eve-, thing that Rev. Ellis said. But addition, Ibn Saud is also the ad solute monarch who, not so lc - ! ago, sent some good Yemen cof fee to Adolf Hitler so that the Xaii Fuehrer would not be forced •' i dunk his breakfast pastr.. into the ersatz brand. King Saud n also ■.» monarch who holds absolute sway over his subjects, 95 per cent o'( whom are illiterate Perhaps Rev. Ellis can also on- i lighten his readers as n how much Ibn Saud contributed • the victory of the United Nati \ , and more specifically, vthy the 1 great and noble democratic rid. allied himself with the United Na. tions at the eleventh hour, when victory was quite within our grasp. It may be of further interest for i Rev Ellis to know of the extreme, ly despotic and autocratic rules of : conduct which Ibn Saud still im- ' poses upon his subjects—that the ■ punishment for stealing in Sr. o - Arabia is the cutting off of '.lie 1 hands. I would also ask whether Rev. Ellis knows of the tragically backward manner in which Sand treats women in his kingdom. He is also the same genllemar. to whom Winston Churchill once urged the House of Commons ' grant a subsidy of $200,000 par vear because this amount saves Britain the trouble and coal of stationing !| troops in the Arabian <i‘ •• These facts no doubt slipped Rev. Ellis’ mind. A Clergyman, | Wilmington, N.C. August 9. 1946 The Literary Guidepost Bv bob price THOUGH LONG THE TRAIL b; Mabel Hobson Draper (Rine hart ami Co., S2). Mary Qu'nti was an ■'wh;-yv old girl when her fathe ar.d he uncle took their fan estwara over the Oregon Trail. S an impressionable voif ester she was eager and sir tive to many things: The studded belt of a prat freights a piece of rag earn been the fljor of a playhouse, spicy smell of burn' .. >se-" Mary Quinn saw a i try before she found a pl3Ct could call home for year or two- The Oreg' hm California earthquake, and Joplin. Mo., m: v and watering resort.- .t ‘ sod shanty and brick city It was a long trail and a *f.i one but it led at 1: and peace and Mary Q-unt there on one corner !••* ■ •' years, her days color . . a no - jenced by her early life a try is toned by a b. :zht (■■■• thread.” This book is Mary Q It is her avtobiogrrn.iv. e ■ ^ though her daughter. ’■ son Draper, has put paper. It is woven fri she told, as she told tV.ni. ^ Tile language is fre. ‘ - feeling of spontaneity. A- '1'f - s. it is the prattle of an ft'' ster. it matures almost imp,, ceptibly ns the eigh‘ - rpar''"J grows up. is wooed and wed. >•' finally attains the goal Mf c|;'.. This is no usual pm In the first place, the Qm not forced westward bv need. The father was and a storekeeper. Wtn1 wealth never is set do wn ,r" ‘ lars-and-cent.s, there is a s blin-r from mpal to mnj!