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The Star-Newt not be responsible for currency sent throuft. the mail.. ____ MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS AND ALSO SERVED BY THE UNITED PRESS “ TUESDAY. AUGUST 13. 1946 TOP O’ THE MORNING Closed eyes caoot see the white roses, Cole* hands can't hold them, you know, Breath that is stilled cannot gather The odors that sweet from them blow Death with a peace beyond dreaming, Its children of earth doth endow; Life is the time we car help them, So give them the flowers now! Leigh M. Hodges One At A Time Once, not quite in the dim dead days of long ago, but remotely enough to have been forgotten in some quarters, there was a gentleman’s agreement or its equivalent, that only one bus in the public transportation system should be on any block at a time. It was so decided in the interest of general motor traffic, and for a time after the rule was instituted it was carefully observed by bus drivers. Now the rule appears to be chiefly conspicuous by non - observance. Fre quently not only two but three buses will be in line—one stopped to unload and take on passengers, and the other two awaiting their turn to perform the same service. The consequence is that! private motor traffic is often blockaded. | Maybe the agreement has expired j and so the buses are within their rights. On the other hand it is possible that because of the troubled times we have been living in tor several years it has been forgotten. Whatever the explana tion, it is earnestly recommended that it be reinstated and observed by all bus drivers. There will be fewer traffic blocks when this is done. Loans Fall Off There have been repeated complaints that the Treasury was moving too fast in the redemption of certificates, on the ground that it was releasing more; money than could be satisfactorily or profitably employed by the run of cer tificate holders. This was the view when Mr. Vinson was Secretary of the Treas ury. It has carried over since Mr. Vin son’s appointment to the Supreme Court bench. The most recent evidence of the program’s uneconomic workings is of fered by the report of the Federal Re serve Bank of New York for last week. The report shows that loans and invest ments of New York member banks drop ped off $569,000,000 as an aftermath of the Treasury’s redemption of certifi cates on August 1. Banks and invest ment houses consequently are out the normal earnings on that great sum of money, and it is questionable if the en tire amount can have been reinvested to advantage. Important as it is that the national debt be reduced as fast as is safely pos sible, it still is questionable if redemp tions are not coming too fast and in too large amounts for the economic and financial stability of the business com munity. There seems to be piling up a great backlog of idle money which could better be drawing interest from the Treasury, Feed The Hungry Fiorello LaGuardia’s proposal to start the liquidation of UNRRA about October 1 and conclude it by December 31, this year, has brought a flood of pro tests from nations unable to meet their own needs at present or for a much longer period of time. Speaking at the Geneva conference on relief and in reply to the LaGuardia program, Prof. Zenephon Zolotas of Greece declared the end of UNRRA would put certain lands “back into the Ciironic inability to recover,” and that of all the countries, none was in a “more desperate plight” than Greece. Hilary Mine, the Polish minister of in dustry, added that widespread troubles and unrest would follow UNRRA liqui dation and result in greater black mar ket operations, rising prices and social discontent. Vaslav Majer, the Czechoslovakian minister for food, pointed out that his country’s need would amount to at least $180,000,000 wrorth of food in 1947. It was his belief that the ending of UN ■“RA would not only halt European re abilitation but might also cancel out .he progress already made. In addition to these protests and others from countries not quoted, Her bert H. Lehman, former director gen eral of UNRRA. cabled the conference, “I am more and more convinced that the United Nations have underestimat ed and still underestimate the enormous task of providing even the most simple forms of relief and rehabilitation to a war-torn world.” Perhaps UNRRA has not been ad ministered to the best advantage. Cer tainly the need for shipping when the organization first began to function was not met, nor has the distribution of foods been adequately supervised. But the fact remains that the United Na tions undertook, as one of its earliest projects, the feeding of millions nearing j starvation in the wake of World War n. That job has not been completed. Nor i can it be finished by the end of this I year. Herbert Hoover, who investigat 1 ed the world food situation at behest of President Truman, and who knows as well as any man the problems in volved in mass feeding, let it be known upon his return to Washington, that the need for relief could not end this year, even if foreign crops were prolif ic. Having put its hand to the plow, the United Nations cannot well stop until this job is completed. The position of the United States State Department assistant secretary, Will Clayton, who supports the LaGuardia suspension pro posal, cannot be condoned. Potential War Centers Despite the fact that the Security Council is in continuous session and a peace council of twenty-one nations is meeting in Paris to do something about treaties for five of Germany’s former satellite nations, with a gathering of +he United Nations Assembly scheduled for September 23, the world apparently is on a powder keg with the fuse lighted. There is little in the present situation to indicate that any of the great powers will bring a foot down on the fuse and so remove the probability of another ex plosion. Potential war centers exist in China, Iran and Palestine. None has yet assum ed the proportions of full-fledged con flict but all contain the chief elements thereof and in one Great Britain is re ported ready to take the initiative with out referring its case to the United Na tions. London reports a foreign office spokesman saying that Britain will act independently to quell “any violent or sudden” threat to her oil interests in Iran. this is in contravention of Britain’s repeated declaration that she would act only through the United Nations. The present position is explained by the fact that while the Security Council is always in session, the Council has no troops. If the London government should take the action this foreign office spokesman says she may, the ability of the United Nations to re-establish peace in the world, and maintain it, would be disproved and UN would be on its way out, just as surely as the League of Nations collapsed when it proved it self incapable of carrying out the pro visions of its covenant. Fair Enough By WESTBROOK PEGLER (Copyright, By King Features Syndicate Inc.) NEW YORK, Aug. 12. — Mr. Molotov’s casti gations of the American daily press, following those by Ilya Ehrenberg, of Pravda, are a welcome provocation to self-praise by an in stitution that is rarely moved to answer at tacks or acknowledge compliments. The press in the United States is the best in the world It prints news, of course, but, be yond, that, in return for the rights and privi leges which it enjoys, it has sought out and co rected evils in a career of crusades dating back to revolutionary clays. In this phase, it has been a combination of the FBI since long before the existence of that bureau and a prosecuting arm of local, state and national governments. These services have included fierce cam paigns against the Ku Klux Klan II, of the twenties, in which individual editors and re porters knowingly invited assault by night and owners touk boycotts; fights on communism in the national government and in the dominant party under Franklin Roosevelt; fights against the court-packng plan: exposes of enormous corruption by arrogant combinations of rail road promoters and crooked financiers and lit erally hundreds of long and desperate brawls with rotten political machines in practically all our major cities and most of the states. The standard, commercial daily American press which, so Molotov says, “is controlled by two or three bosses, has defied the box-of fice pressode of advertisers and bankers and the incited howls of emotional mobs in a long life of public service, the benefits of which are immeasurable because we can’t know what evils would have thrived today but for the re forms this wrought. The Russians obviously are embarrassed before the free element of the world for other wise Molotov would have continued to ignore criticisms of the Russian press system which have pointed out a fatal defect of communism and Nazitm, alike, for many years. His de fense is a ’counterattack, easily frustrated, which will fail to divert attention from the fact that Ehrenberg, for example, would be shot for finding fault with Stalin, Molotov or the Red dictatorship. The irritation became painful to the Rus sians when the Americans insisted on the same freedom for American reporters to travel and observe in Russia and to report honestly what they learned, that communists common ly enjoy in the United States. And it was un thinkable that the Russi-ar people should be allowed to read in their press articals describ ing the privileges and superior conditions of life prevailing among the serfs of capitalism here. Ehrenberg and his colleagues were al lowed to travel where they would and, al though his farewell to us was a snarl and a threat of war, written under official auspices by a spokesman for the official press of his country, this hostility had been anticipated and was only casually roied. He, on the other hand, justified the limitations placed on Amer ican inf.'rmation from Russia, on the ground that the American retsorters were not com munists and therefore would not be sympathe. tic. The common criticism of the American press offered by the communists and by many frustrated second-rate American essayists, is that it is £. commercial institution which sells advertising space and therefore is utterly be holden to those who buy it. The alternative however is either the adless newspaper, the most recent of which has been rattling the cup lately after losing $4,000,000 in competi tion with more honest and, from the profes sional standpoint, incomparably better dailies, or the subsidized organ cf a group or interest. As long as some papers sell advertising space, the adless paper will fail commercially because the advertising revenue permits the commercial papper to hire better reporters and writers and turn out a better product. The subsidized publication of a political party, such as The Worker, of the communists in New York, doesn’t even profess to present honest, impartial treatment of news. The Worker, of course, not only accepts ads but. in a memo rable instance, badgered the A. and P. stores for a share of its advertising appropriation, but it doesn’t get enough. Had the A. and P. yielded, The Worker probably would not have changed its editorial policies. But no more have fhe commercial papers which calmly pub, lished the revelation, quite embarrassing to John Hartford, of A. and P., that he had loan ed $200,000 to Elliott Roosevelt, and lost it. Nor did Mi. Hartford even suggest that the story be dropped or tempered. Papers which live on subsidies, whether from political, religious, racial or’ financial groups, exist only to serve the interests of those wno support them, and objective fair ness is hearsay in their columns. In New York. The worker fired Howard Rushmore, its movie critic and a party member, for refusing to change his opinion of ‘Gone With The Wind” and Rushrnore apostatized and became an in teresting and reliable authority on the politi cal and intellectual antics of his late com rades. Had a commercial paper canned a re viewer for this reason the incident would have been so ra.re as to have been scandalous but, occurring in The Worker, it caused only momenta;y amusement in a limited circle. Meanwhile, a dozen or more syndicated com mentators daily flout the owners’ policies in hundreds of commercial papers. Silas Bent, a reporter of many years’ ex perience, not entirely pleasant, in the Ameri can press nevertheless wrote a few years ago a tribute called “newspaper crusaders” in which he said: ‘‘My purpose had been to il luminate the character or the newspaper as a crusader and the results accomplished. Too little attention has been paid by everyybody to a normal and immensely important function of daily press and I have set about to make amends. ’’ I agree that while we are not self-critical to a serious fault, we of the American press seldom call attention to this valuable service of ours That might be a culpable neglect, due to modesty and dignity, because, in the process of giving information to the people, we owe it tc them to point out why the Ameri can press is the best here is and what it has done to deserve its freedom. Pendergast, Judge Manton, the last Tam many regime, Abe Reuf in San Francisco, crooked machines in Cincinnati, Minneapoli Philadeiphia and St. Louis^ Hugo Black’s mem bership in the Ku Kluv Klan, rascality in the sacrosanct union movement, swindles engi naered fiom the White House and graft on the presidential office, great reforms and pub lie improvements of great benefit, all are stars in our crown and yet we keep the dam thing ,n the attic. Fingerprints are now accepted so generally there is nr longer any desire to shun their uses as a badge solely of criminalism. —L. Clark Schilder, president International Association for Identification, warden El Reno, Okla. Federal Reformatory “BUSINESS AS USUAL” Manpower Shortage Added To Parts Dearth Hits Automobile Production BY DAVID J. WILKIE Associated Press Automotive Edtor DETROIT, Aug. 12 —(/P)—Man power shortages are being added tc parts and materials scaracities a3 deterrents to high level opera tions in the nation's automobile assembly plants. Authoritative surveys indicate the worker shortages, aggravated by a high rate of labor turnover, are being felt in the industry’s feeder plants as well as in the car factories. One feature of the sit uation is that in not a few in stances labor shortages — other than strikes — are causing the parts and materials scaracities that force various car makers from time to time to close down their assembly lines and send workers home. Few of the automobile manu facturers have escaped the parts and materials pinch and none have been able to maintain full five day a week production schedules since the start of 1946 model car output. But even an early settlement of all the supplier plant strikes would not mean an immediate big bulge in passenger car production vol ume, according to industry ex perts. They point out that the sup pliers, too, are hard pressed for raw materials. The industry heads generally trace a lot of these troubles back to the earlier coal, steel and rail strikes. The Hudson Motor Car co. whose Religion Day By Day By WILLIAM T. ELLIS SHAMUS’ CREED Once I went down the Tigris River to Bagdad on a goatskin raft. At Aleppo I hired a grizzled Chaldean. Shamu, of Bagdad, as cook, interpreter, and general ser vant. As he showed me his greasy packet of letters of rcommenda tion, he said, “I make good busi ness for my master. Later, he often repeated that phrase. And what “good business he did make! His courage, his re sourcefulness, his self - forgetting devotion; his constant care that nobody should defraud me, all en deared Shamu to me; and his memory is green and fragrant. Often the figure of old Shamu, in his weird combination of Orien tal and European clothes, recurs to mind; and usually with a moni tion. He lived and labored only to “make good business for his master. I wonder if I can say, “This one thing I do. In dangers’, in storms, in difficulties and pri vations and in personal suffering, do I still “make good business for my Master? For that is one secret of the good servant; to put above all else the cause of the Master. Thou art a good Master, O Christ; and we would be Thy good servants, whatever the care or cost to ourselves. Amen. assembly lines had bee/, closed since July 30 because of the shutting off of parts from one strike-bound supplier, resumed production Monday with a schedule calling for 720 passenger McKenney On BRIDGE BY WILLIAM E. McKENNEY America’s Card Authority The game of contract bridge gains increased popularity every year, and lately there has been a tremendous advance in interest in tournament bridge. I believe this will continue because contract bridge is the one game that gives an opportunity to all, regardless of age, to enjoy keen competition with their fellow men and women. Undoubtedly it provides the wid est social contacts of any game. Tournament bridge players know a group of people in almost every community in the Uniied States. In rubber bridge the first obli gation is to make the contract. A player never should jeopardize his contract for an overtrick. However, in tournament bridge you must always try to make the maximum number of tricks. Mak ing a contract of four may give you a bottom score on the'board if everybody else makes five. In today’s hand declarer won the opening diamond lead in dummy then finessed the jack cf clubs, West winning. Another clubs, West winning. Another dummy. The deuce of hearts was played, East put on the seven, de clarer the ace, and West turned his king of hearts face down on the table indicating that declarer had caught a singleton king. Of course he immediately turned over, but declarer had been warn ed not to try to make five-odd. He started to play clubs and let East cash his two high trumps. If West had played the king nor mally, declarer would have had to guess whether or not West also held the queen of hearts. In that case the proper play would be to lead a small heart and drop the two adverse hearts together, mak ing five. * * * Do not give your opponents any advantage in tournament bridge. It might do little harm in rubber bridge to indicate that you held a singleton king, as West did, but in tournament bridge it probably would cost a top score. A 10 7 V 108 5 42 ♦ A K 3 A J97 *K96 »K 4 Q J 10 9 64 I *K82 N W E S Dealer * Q J 5 4 2 VQJ7 ♦ 875 *63 * A8 3 V A963 ♦ 2 + AQ10 54 Tournament—Meitner vui. South West North East IV 2 ♦ 4 V Pass Opening—♦ Q. 13 car* a day. St!!! closed, however, was the Packard Motor Car com pany’s assembly plant, involved in a dispute with the CIO United Auto Workers union over who was to do certain maintenance work at the factory. There were indications, never theless, that this week’s output of cars and trucks will go over the 80,000 level. The industry needs another 62,000 passenger cars to bring its 1946 output to date above the one million mark, but probably won’t reach that point until early next -week. Last week’s assemblies of pas senger cars numbered 54,532 and truck output was 24,727, according to Automotive New’s survey of operators in United States plants. To the total was added slightly under 2.000 cars and trucks pro duced in Canadian factories. Your GI Rights Questions and Answer* On Servicemen’s Problems By DOUGLAS LARSEN WASHINGTON —Here are some , questions frcm servicemen and j veterans regarding GI benefits: Q—They say that all fathers will soon be out ot the Army. 1 am supporting the child of my wife’s first marriage. Does that make me a father? ! A—As far as the Armv is con cerned, you are a father. Q—My son enlisted in tha Navy recently. He failed two of the courses he was taking just before he went into the service, and this fact kept him from getting his high-school cfifloma. How will that affect his chances of taking ad vantage of the educational pro visions of the GI Bill of Rights when he is discharged? Will he have to waste a year of these benefits taking the last year of high school again? A—It is possible to get training received m the Navy accredited as high-school courses. This might get him a diploma. Regardless of what he did ir school before he went into the service, he is eligi ble for all thp GI benefits per taining to education if he serves 90 days and gets a discharge other than dishonorable. Q—When a man is serving in the Navy, how many children is he able to get allotments for? A—He may get allotments for all the children under 18 years rf age aependent on him for support. Q—Does a man have to apply for the furlough pay the go/err ment is going to give enlisted men. or will the government mail it to him without his asking for it? A~The terminal-leave pay will be received in the form of bonds, rather than as cash. The precise procedure to be required of the veteran in making application has not yet been announced. (Questions will be answered only la this space—not by mail.) jDoctor Soya— HARD TO RECOGNIZE ZOLIO HITS FASI B' WILLIAM A, O'BRIEN' y * nfantile Paralysis ’ paalysis) is difficult to recoz-7"’' foiit closely resemb’.s other" seaes. The virus ernsrs the~t-Z by vay of nose and throat , caues a generalized irfe:ujr a mall number of cases, per-^ nentdamage to the sr>\;ai cord re sults Tin onset of infantile paralyil, ■ usual/ sudden, with fever, ec ! pains.headaches, sore throat s vomitag lasting * few hours o: savera. days. Parents may E that th. child victim dislikes -"o"h» held, probably because of muscles and this may be the or.!* sign whch suggests that ;h* illness from which I e seem. to t. suffering is actually irJar.t > paro.ysis. Cruldrei with infantile pars'.vS'j are cesties, fall asleep and »-.vEY sudde, jy, md become fussy u-Y disturbed. The ntou.b temper rises to a point between 99 t: 100 degrees in the average esse Vomiting a-u hear ache are pre!. ent in practcally every insiar.ee but diarrhea is net so corr.rr, - Thc neck and spine are stiff, a-] the child may cry out when his head is moved. Physicians o.t“i recommeni s spina, puncture as a mean- y draw.ng off r sample of jriY fluid for examination in the ratory. In infantile paralysis the: ■ fection in the spir*1 cord produce; an increase in fluid pressure a , an increase in the number of ceils in the fluid. Mild infantile para'-., sis may be present even though tie spinal fluid is normal, In the exceptional ease of in fantile paralysis, that which g:c; on to paralysis, th; onset ir.av be either mild or severe, but i!-i: the third or fourth dry of the .... ness the child, insteat of imprtv. irg, gets worse. Some patients while apparent': convalescing find tha they a.i unable to move an am or a because of muscle weakiess, wr:* in others paralysis devlops etc in the illness, Pain and sensitivity in the limbs, back, and chest are ob served in the infartie-para'.y.;,; victim. When twitchings occur njuscles will be affected later. In bulbar poliomyelitis the spinal cord is infected rear its iv tachment to the brain, vrih rescu ing paralysis of the throat and chest muscles. The first sign of this may be the return through the nose of water which the patient has attempted fo swallow, due to failure of the palate to dose oft the nose. A change to g nasal qialitv ;n the voice is also a common indi cation of bulbar poliomyellis. The virus of infantile piralys» injures the spinal cord, witch n lurn prevents the passage d nerve impulses to the muscles. Toere is a tendency for the cord to inprove, as many of the nerve cells, though hurt, are not killed. Those cells which art killed cannot be replaced, and tiis fact accounts for the failure c power to return to certain mu:d:s, QUESTION: I am developing warts on ’ y neck an back. What causes them, and what should I d"1 o get rll ol them’ ANSWER: Common warts are due to a virus. Your physician can treat them for you. The Literary Guidepost BY CARLE HOnGE THE THREE BLOSSOMS Of CHANGAN. bv Keith Welt (Mac Millan; $2.75;. Novels based on. the indulgences of the ancient rich seldom go un read. Nor do those which concr the woes that beset men who ts-:-. unto thmselves too many wom en. In this story of olden Chi: a. Keith West has woven the two themes into a poet.; ale as exotic and delicate as a Ming vase. It might have been subtitle! “or The Three Women oi Lien Kin Wai,” for it concerns mostly the adventures, marital and extra marital, of a virile tut seniiU'-v young government official, Lien, Tbe author, an Englisbn has traveled extensively in Yun nan and South China and has writ ten two earlier novels with China in the lyrical, thoughtful prose supposedly adhered to by all we.i bred Chinese during the early dyn asties. Uens three blossoms are wile, his concubine and his mis tress. Nj sooner has he met his fp love, Hibiscus, a pretty v.'ido■■■ whose late mates body is urbor ied and scarcely cold, than s"e has proposed, and he accepted In enlarging his household ’’ maintain the prestige oi hi* °---" cial position, he buys Jasmin. s plump young servant girl. Desp-e his intentions to the contrary, sne too, succeeds in conouering heart, then Peony, ntysierio'p but more mature than her prede cessors, enters Lins life. Peony is as jealous as the o'.rp two but stoutly refuses to e e his house!old. Nevertheless ^'er is torn betveen his affections, ti - the womn nag and bicker. With typcal Oriental stoic?" calculating and almost unemotion al, he finally finds a solution.