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The Star-News can not be responsible for currency sent through the mails._ MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS AND ALSO SERVED BY THE UNITED PRESS THURSDAY AUGUST 29, 1946 TOP O’ THE MORN IN I* Late repentance is seldom true, but TRUE Repentance is never too late. —From ‘‘Christian Digest” Pipelines Pipelines under the Cape Fear, as a means of keeping oil trucks off of W il mington’s business and residence streets, which has been periodically discussed and as often abandoned, is revived by Mayor W. Ronald Lane s announcement that he favors the pro posal. What will be done about it, whether the council will go into the matter with the object of obtaining necessary legis lation or other required authorization, or hold to the present recommenda tions of the State Highway Department for a truck lane, is not easily foreseen. But if the project were put through it would seem that the companies op erating oil trucks would ultimately find it more economical than bringing their vehicles directly to the terminals for loading and running them back through the city toward their desti nations. There would be a saving in drivers’ time and of the gasoline their trucks consume during trips back and forth within the city. In time this would more than offset the cost of pipelines and, with them once paid for, yield some net profit over the present cost of truck operation. From the viewpoint of Wilmington residents, oil flowing under the river through pipelines would be infinitely less disturbing than thundering through the streets in trucks. Star Misinformed As July drew to a close it came to this department’s attention that Ethio pia was deporting a group of Italians numbering seventy-eight and, according to the dispatch from which the Star quoted, had confiscated their wealth estimated at half a million English pounds. The Ethiopian Legation in Washing ton now advises the Star that its in formation was incorrect and asks that an excerpt from the official govern ment statement be published “in order that the public or your readers will not remain misinformed.” The Star is pleased to comply with the request. The portion of the state ment cited in the Legation letter reads: “Compelled by reasons of National security, the Ethiopian Government has deported this day, July 8, 1946, to wards Eritrea sixty Italians. In the decision that has resulted in the ex pulsion ox these enemy subjects, con sideration of their wealth has not been affected, and the evidence is that the Government has allowed them to with draw all their money deposits with the State Bank of Ethiopia amounting to eight hundred and fifty thousand Ethiopian dollars. Their other belong ings have been entrusted in their names to-the Custodian of Enemy Property* Hoover On Yugoslavia Discussing the Yugoslav situation, former President Herbert Hoover, in terviewed at his son’s home in San Marino, California, exonerates the Yu goslav people from all responsibility on the ground that they are not even allowed to know that'the United States provided 75 or 80 per cent of all UNRRA food and funds sent into the country. The Communist-controlled press has taken care of that. “One thing that can be said for the Yugoslav people, the fact that we contributed anything to UNRRA or to them is unknown to anyone in Yugoslavia,” he declared. Tito’s government, he added is not carrying out the Yalta agreement, in that there has been no general elec tion. “It is an imposed regime of true Communist order.” And Mr. Hoover cites the fact that Tito has an army of 750,000 men, who should be home farming and rehabilitating the country. Instead, “directly or indirectly,” UN RRA has been supporting them. Mr. Hoover probably knows more about food distribution than any other man. He recently made a world tour at President Truman's behest, and learned at short range what is going an in Europe and Asia. What he has to say, therefore, carries great weight. It is because he speaks with au thority that what he told his San Mari no interviewer concerning Russia, which is Yugoslavia’s actual dictator, with Tito in the role of Stalin’s yes man, is to be closely observed. In his opin ion, Russia is “obstructing all peace measures and all progress towards peace.” “The Russians want time,” he said, “completely to consolidate Communist control of people in those States east of the iron curtain and in Manchuria. “They are eliminating all dissident elements. They are setting up concen tration camps in each of those coun tries and deporting many to Siberia.” If it were possible to hold tree elec tions in Russian-dominated European countries, it is his studied opinion that the Communists would have only small minorities. It is the leaders of these same Com munists that repeatedly obstruct all efforts to achieve a real peace in any branch of the United Nations. How long, we wonder, will the so-called Western Allies put up with Russia’s ceaseless campaign for complete domi nation throughout so large a portion of the world? No Fourth Alternative “Atom control or destructive war seen.” This headline, appearing *in the Christian Science Monitor, has been appearing in one form or another in the nation’s newspapers ever since the atomic bomb exploded over Hiroshima, more than a year ago. Its truth is obvious. Civilization, perhaps even mankind, cannot hope long to survive if the ter rible power concentrated in the atomic bomb is unleashed for destruction. Yet the thought of warfare is so constantly and prominently in men’s minds that after this year and more since Hiroshima, and subsequent dem onstrations at Nagasaki and Bikini, no definite step toward atomic control has been taken. The Monitor’s headline surmounts an article from Montreal giving the con clusions of Dr. Harold C. Urey, Man hattan district director of research for the separation of U-235 during the de velopment of the atomic bomb, as told in a new magazine, Air Affairs. As paraphrased in the Montreal dispatch, Doctor Urey says one alternative open to the United States, and by implica tion Canada, is first to build large stockpiles of atom bombs and other weapons and large numbers of air planes or rockets to deliver them. He believes the end of diplomatic jockey ing would be complete destruction of our civilization. The second alternative is the wag ing within a few years of another world war, with the frank purpose of con quering the world and ruling it as we desire and preventing any other sov ereign nation from developing mass weapons of war. As neither of these meets the need, Doctor Urey offers another. His third, alternative is the adequate interna tional control of the atom bomb and other major weapons of war. Just as the headline has been re peated time and time again, so have the learned scientist’s deductions. There is no fourth alternative. Why, in the name of mankind, do not the powers come to agreement on the third as the only means of preserving human life on the earth? Fair Enough By WESTBROOK FEGLER (Copyright, by King Features Syndicate, Inc.) NEW YORK, Aug. 28—1 hope I never grow up to political maturity because if I should then I might accept as mere routine politics the present attempt of Governor Tom Dewey and the executive committee of the Republi can Stale Committee to ditch Maj.-Gen. Wil liam J. Dor.ovan and nominate instead Lieut. Gen. Hugh A. Drum as the candidate for the United States Senate at the republican state convention in Saratoga on Sept. 3. General Donovan’s defects in this case are virtues and General Drum’s virtues are faults. Donovan is so strong in his own right that he doesn’t have to commit himself to support Governor Dewey in the 1948 presidential con. test. He is big and strong enough politically to be his own man in the campaign without personal obligation to Dewey. This is why Dewey is against him. General Drum is just a nice old retired Army officer who has been selected by the Dewey group as a gentle, docile pet who could be swept along in the wake of Dewey s rush and would owe his election to Dewey. The governor is about as sure a thing for re-election as we ever find in politics and he figures that if he can elect a senator who would owe everything to him it would be folly to let the convention nominate Donovan, who then wouia M<mu awuc — Dewey's shadow. Nobody ever heard of Drum in politics until a few days ago. This opposition to Donovan is all Dewey’s doing and it demonstrates a personal charac teristic that Tom’s friends as well as his op ponents have noted. He is unwilling to risk the presence on the ticket of a big man, a man with strength, and I think he does, in believing that he could elect Drum over Her bert Lehman, because Drum is so naive and his selection would be so belittling to him that the democrats •would much prefer him to Donovan as an opponent. It is no pleasure to comment thus on a respected friend, but General Drum should have realized that his position here would be undignified almost to the point of servility and I think he must know that this little trick is no compliment or favor to him but rather the reverse. Dewey didn't select him because he thought Drum would make as good a senator as General Donovan or a good sena. tor, period. This was no gesture of personal friendship, except to Dewey. He picked Gen eral Drum because he figured he would be a “seat” in the Senate, not a senator, and a faithful political supporter of Tom Dewey for the presidential nomination. The very fact that General Drum would accept this status, in itself, constitutes a strong campaign argu ment against him, the stronger by contrast with Donovan’s independence to say nothing of his other points of superiority. Drum could lose and I think he would. General Drum is under personal obligations to Dewev already through his appointment to the position of commander of the State Guard. He has done uncommonly well since his re tirement from the regular Army for, addition to his pension, he gets a salary from the state and another from the Empire State building where he succeeded A1 Smith by ap pointment of John J. Raskob. In 1944 he accompanied Dewey on the cam. paign trip through the West just as military dressing. Roosevelt had the advantage of Dewey with generals and admirals throwing salutes at him all over the place and side boys and his own household garrison of guards stationed on his place at Hyde Park and General Drum was taken along with Dewey to show his three stars and for no other purpose. He wasn’t even a member of the family circle in the private car at the rear end of the train and he couldn’t give Dewey any advice on the way of the war because he freely said he had no access to War Department information, being retired. Now he is asking for criticism and inviting abuse, by permitting Dewey to use him in this political ruse. In consequence, a respect ed retired lieutenant-general will be pitied by his friend’s and ridiculed by hir opponents who will include some of the most blood-thirsty political cleaver-fighters of our time. It is not condescension to say that those who regard him well as a friend and admire him for his virtues wince for him in anticipation of all that the new dealers, including the commu nists, would do to him, as a bewildered member of the “big brass,’’ should he take the stump, subject to heckling sneers from G.I.’s. Sure, Donovan was a major-general and “big brass,” but he is also a civilian, and a politician with campaign experience and, thanks to his great service in the Second World War as chief of the espionage and rescue system known as the office of stra tegic services, he has priceless experience and knowledge the benefit of which Dewey would deny the nation. He is much more alert and aggressive. He has everything that Drum has and much more than Drum has not. I won’t go into the matter of whether Dewey is at the bottom of this. He is, and that is that and Drum was trotted out after some friends of Dewey in the State Federation of Labor threw a smear at Donovan as an ene my of labor which didn't stick. They went back a long way to an occasion when Donovan prosecuted some unioneers who had dyna. mited a train, forgetting that Dewey, himself, had sent a lot of dirty crooks of the union racket to prison and putting themselves in the position of punishing a sworn officer of the federal government for fulfilling his oath of office. Anyway they aren’t fit to carry Donovan’s coat. Governor Dewey’s record as governor has been so fine and his exploitation of that record so skillful that, as I say, he can't fail to be re-elected unless he drops dead. But. as to the presidential nomination in 1948. he has done himself harm rather than good because he indicates that he would place personal^sub servience and loyalty above ability and inde pendence in order to maintain himself on an eminence. The quality of his own personal friendship comes into question, too, when we find him pushing a nice old guy out there to be clawed ud iust for his sake SOMETHING NEW UNDER THE SUN _ Novelist Places Hiroshima Atomic Death List At Upward Of 100,000 BY JAMES McGLINCY United Press Staff Correspondent NEW YORK, Aug. 28. — (U.R) — Novelist and Correspondent John Hersey in the most exhaustive ar ticle yet written on the atomic bombing of Hiroshima estimated Wednesday that 100,000 persons were killed by the one bomb drop ped a year ago August 6. The New Yorker mazagine de voted its entire editorial content to Hersey's article, 53 pages. The magazine said it had thrown out its usual sophisticated articles and cartoons for the one issue “'in the conviction that few of us have yet comprehended the all but in credible destructive power of this weapon, and that everyone might well take time to consider the ter_ rible implications of its use.” Hersey's article was of especial interest to this writer who last September- 3, was among the first McKenney On BRIDGE BY WILLIAM E. McKENNEY America's Card Authority At a recent committee meeting, during which we inevitably dis cuss a hand or two, David Warner, president of the Philadelphia Whist Association, said “You are always discussing intricate plays, but sometimes just a simple play will give you a good score on a board.” And he showed us today’s hand, which he played in a Phila delphia duplicate game. As soon as the dummy went down, Warner saw that he was off two clubs and two spades. How could he pick up an extra trick? East played the six of spades on the first rtick, and without a moment’s resitaiion Warner put on the seven. Naturally when West saw his partner’s six and South’s seven, he reasoned that the six was a come-on card; so instead of shift ing to. a club, as he would have done if Smith had played the deuce, he continued with a spade. This established Warner’s queen of spades, on which he could dis card one of dummy’s losing clubs. Outsmarting the opponents by the effective use of a false-card can prove profitable. With the deuce of clubs miss ing, it would have been pretty difficult for West to realize that South was employing a false-card play. If he could have read East’s six as the lowest of the suit, he would have made the shift which now appeared dangerous to him. A 5 4 ¥ Q 8 32 ♦ 865 3 A A 7 4 A AK 10 8 fj A J 9 6 3 W P ¥96 ¥74 VV * J10 9 7 ♦ Q 4 2 A Q 8 6 2 Dealer * k j a Warner A Q72 ¥ A K J 10 5 ♦ AK A 10 5 3 Tournament—E.-W vuL South West North East }¥’ 1A 2 ¥ Pass 4 ¥ Pass Pass Pass Opening—A K. 29 kJ Americans to visit Hiroshima after the bombing. They found it an incredible study in ruin. Its people were dazed and broken. Japanese doctors estimat ed then that 53,000 were dead, but scores were dying every hour. The peculiar effects of radiation poisoning were evident. In the New Yorker Hersey de scribed his visit to Hiroshima months later. The Japanese and our own investigators had had time to estimate and evaluate, to talk and think. The casualty figures had been revised upward. Official ly they were put at 78,150 killed, 1*3.983 missing and 37,245 wounded. But as Hersey pointed out, more bodies were being found daily as Your GI Rights Questions and Answers On Servicemen’s Problems BY DOUGLAS LARSEN WASHINGTON, — Men still in the service are affected by the re cent bill giving terminal - lea >e pay to former enlisted men. Here are some questions from them re garding the pay bill: Q — Suppose a man re-enlisted In July 1946, Can he get the ter minal-leave bonds due him from his former service? A—No. He has to wait until he is definitely separated from the service. When he does finally get out, however, he will receive ter minal-leave pay in cash, just as officer, have been receiving it all along.' Q—I recently re-enlisted in the Army. I have all the terminal leave pay I earned before coming to me. But they tell me I can't get it now. This doesn’t seem fair. Have 1 lost the right to collect that leave pay just because I re enlisted? —finer oepi. i, 13*10, uuuuuy 111 the service will be able to accumu lated more than 60 days’ unused leave, all the leave pay he has coming for the period in excess of 60 days will be given to him im mediately. For example, if an en listed man has accumulated 120 days’ leave on Aug. 31, 1946, he will be compensated for 60 of those days in accordance with the regular manner prescribed by the new law. After that he cannot ac cumulate more than 60 days. This is the only instance where an of- j ficer or enlisted man can benefit from the act before he is actually separated from duty. Q—Will leave accumulated in one enlistment be carried over to the next period of service on re enlistment? A—Yes, and this is important. The 90-day re-enlistment furlough will be deducted from leave ac crued during active service prior to re-enlistment or charged against any leave which may ac crue during future active service, or both. If an enlisted man has ac cumulated 60 days of leave upon discharge, he can be authorized a 90-day re- enlistment furlough Taking it, however, will put him 30 days of leave “in the red.” The j 30 days will be deducted from leave he accrues during nis re enlistment period of service. (Questions will be answered only in this space — not by mail.V , the rubble was cleared, and final ly it was estimated 100,000 had died and as many more been wounded in the August 6 bombing. (The strategic bombing survey released last June 19 said that Hiroshima’s prewar population was 340,000 and that 30 per cent of that number might have been kill, ed and another 30 per cent wound ed, or 102,000 of each, about the same as Hersey’s estimate.) Hersey follows six persons who survived the horrible event of Au gust 6; what they were doing just before the city fell about their heads, what they did when the bomb fell, what happened after wards. * Of these fortunate six, he says, “each of them counts many small items of chance or volitian—a step taken in time, a decision to go indoors, catching one street car ahead of the next—that spared him. STAR Dust Children and Movies We realize, rather against out will, that times change and that the customs and habits of a decade ago are not necessarily those oi today. However, we still question w'hether it is wise to expose very young children to any and every motion picture that is produced. We all have come to realize that the movies present one of the most efficient means of education avail able, and for that reason, if no other, pictures to w'hich young sters still in grade school are to go should be selected by their parents with care. —Darien (Conn.) Review i—- -- Religion Day By Day BY WILLIAM T. ELLIS UNITY AND UNION Before union comes unity. Na tions and churches and groups are clamoring for union, when what they first need is unity. After unity — a common mind and a com mon service — has been achieved, then union may follow; as mar riage follows an engagement. Wrangling in the United Nations, and in Church councils, and in in dustrial relations, shows that we have yet a long way to go before rekl union is achieved. There must be a meeting of minds before there can be a successful common ef fort. Such a meeting of minds Is not easy, for God makes us individual ists, each with a personal pattern of life. To this, man at his best must be true. Yet because of self sovereignty, he has power to fore go some of his crown rights, for the benefit of himself and of the whole world. He may pursue unity as the highest form of self-expres sion. It may seem banal and hack neyed to say that in the leader ship of Jesus mankind finds the highest community of thought and life; nevertheless, that is one of time’s tested truths. In Thee, O God, we would find jurselves and one another, until we ill arrive at the unity of the King lom of Heaven on earth. Amen. Doctor Says STUFFY NOSE STEMS FROM MANY THINGS By WILLIAM A. O’BRIEN, M A common ,,-.id is th' ' ’ cause of a stuffv bu''"'5 average infection seldomV* more- than a v eek or iq d 3 Persistent nasal obstructiOT?' caused by adenoicis a ‘ .13 septum (the sep'um is th 1 which divides the cavity* of? nose into two par., allerw a polyps, or vasomvor rhinitis gestive inflammation). “• Adenoids are a common ca--<a of mouth-breathing in childre!,S These growths are located in ft. upper portion of the throat, i‘°! behind the nose. All children have a certaj. amount of adenoid tissue in V" throat which may temporarily «. large, but persistent enlargeWt or chronic infection of adenoid ti. sue is an indication that an op* ation should be performed. ’ In addition to finding it difficult to breathe, children with adenoids usually are poor ealers and sufle from many ear infections. The wall (septum) between the two sides of the nose should be fairly straight, so that about the same amount of breathing space is present on both sides. The septum is composed of bone, cartilage, and soft tissue. An absolutely straight septum is , rarity; crooked ones are present at birth or follow injuries. If there is marked interference with breathing due to a crooked septum, and if the owner of the stuffy nose is predisposed to colds and sinus infections, an operation (submucous resection) should be performed. ur. a. i nacirer reports in the Journal of the American Medical Association that both inhalants (dusts, dander, face powders, etc.) amd ingestants (foods) can cause stuffiness in the nose. White cells containing red granules (eosir.o. philes) are found in the majority of allergic noses. Persons who experience stuffi ness throughout the year are not victims of hay fever, which is s seasonal disease. Difficulty in breathing through an allergic n se he relieved by spraying :■ th< - or taking tl i i outh by cor recting the liminate fe offending food suoauance, by de sens'nation injections), or by certs opr atio: Grape » In iders protruding front tin ' membrane (p lyps) wh rvelop in the nose ar tor men ssociated with ch onic nasal ctions and can ca ise tight pa as. They can be removed, but u ss the associar ec infectio or lergy is cleaned up they i." ' a t idency to return. Small bo y growths from the septum or a narrowing of the |nasai passage- due to scar tissue can be relieved bv operation. Nervous ay -ehensive souls who co ’-lain terly of inability to breathe - ough the nose bis? be victims of vasomotor rhinitis, which can be relieved by the in jection of sclerosing solutions. QUESTION: Is powdered golden seal, snuffed into the nose, of a tv value in the treatment of sinus trouble? ANSWER: I do not believe it :s. _ The Literary Guidepost By W. G. ROGERS MAN — AN AUTOBIOGRA PHY, by George R. Ste,,'3rt (Random House; SZ.75). Even though the:'- ; some!® modesty in review ing a book ao - myself, there’s no more tn=n ■ Stewart, who writes about him! and no more than -:’r.-'W' will read abou;; yoi rsei/. is about the living t-.n-s a~ human race into wh:- they developed, as the aut . m when he opens his seii.er.ee “I, Man. . Here is a new kind of h ^ Though many, but not »• ideas in it are old, ' •>'■**’*#, fresh significance under w* pert and ingeniou „ So do "We Men. from dale and plac. ■ ;„e. ventitious circu _ _. t cific government vastly different 1 considers the step froM j to man, and if t‘ ; i1 p“=' is at least change. ,.tej. Like it or not. ’ ’ ;;'fbc'r: made.’’ Some of . .. 0< _ - , ; - i P W0iA ing pages are stew psychologist than tirt art traces some aspec bet»«» modern diffc1 . .. first the sexes as far s agd of us to descend ;\;6 ;0t develop hands, a .-ve fiablt mation of the c • ; , c:;;es of mind in the vr in the Tigris-Euph '"Vitally The inventic. & glorified, such a - sucb as names usually i . ,„e arts Greece and Rr,:: and religions X saCri treatment; easy 1 a- ere ficed to the record. * *beIie'e-;. ative ages, the rb, live occurred, first, v a. (l the discoveries of a?. .'an(j set domestication of a1 ‘;be Af* ond, with the opi Gad?c:s' of Doubt and the ; ‘ ,l3:er- . about 1,000 A.D. ,;.,e s;.:!. I mills came into u y f „ne, 11 " he thinks, in the ■ sentati'* which he rates : : . democratic governn e '