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O. money order. The Star-Ne\ys can not be responsible for currency sent through the mails. MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS AND ALSO SERVED BY THE UNITED PRESS TUESDAY SEPTEMBER 10, 1946 TOP O’ THE MORNING Quite grudgingly, He might have put but one wee star In ail the sky; But since he gave so lavishly. ■ Why should not I? “Lutherans Woman’s Work” No Olympic Baseball If the peace goose hangs high by 1948, London is to be the scene of the Olympic contests. At the closing session of the Inter national Olympic Committee in Laus anne the decision was to exclude base ball from the contests. We feel the committee’s judgment was good in so deciding. Tt would be manifestly unfair to ask teams of other countries to compete in a game in which America excels. To include baseball would be an in vitation for the British to include cric ket, in which they are tops. In fact, all strictly national games have no place in a world athletic com petition. Try The Golden Rule In a report just publicized, the Na tional Committee on Atomic Informa tion declares the United States proposals for atomic energy control unlocks the door of a new era of,peace and security. Without more ado it may be said that lacking some form of control of this new destructive power, in which all na tions voluntarily and wholeheartedly participate, there can be no peace or security. Returning to the report, which was prepared by Livingston Hartley, edi torial director of the committee, we learn that ten “consequences” are cited which “open new vistas” for collabora tion and unified action. These planks in the atomic platform, if the term is applicable, are: 1. Freedom from fear of an atomic surprise attack. 2. Reduction to minimum of danger that atomic weapons might be used for aggression through prior seizure of atomic plants. 3. Sturdy bulwarks against any ma jor wars. 4. Regulation and reduction of armaments. 5. Growth' of international confi dence. 6. Increase in the authority, impor tance, and effectiveness of the U. N. 7. Improved relations and coopera tion between the western democracies and Russia. 8. Progressive increase in human welfare and living standards through the world. 9. Establishment in the atomic field of world government and world law. 10. A growing sense of world com munity, arising from close collabora tion between leading statesmen, natural scientists, and engineers of all nations. With the world in its present state of unrest the planks here enumerated have a highly idealistic sound. “Practical” folk, for this reason, are liable to claim that they are therefore unworkable. But isn’t it time for the world leaders to turn their minds away from thoughts of war to sheer idealism ? As matters now stand, the nations are getting nowhere fast toward re establishment of peace. Even while an alleged peace conference is under way in Paris every major power is concentrat ing on the development of new and more deadly weapons. There can be no stable peace as long as this situation continues. The atomic platform is all right. We heartily endorse it. But we believe that the world’s chief need could as well or better be met by universal adoption of the Golden Rule. It is only necessary for all peoples to do unto others as they would have others do unto them, to dwell in peace with each other. Strikers Must Suffer Too Hope of a speedy settlement of the maritime strike faded yesterday when a Department of Labor mediator in San Francisco acknowledged he had made no progress in his attempt to negotiate a peace with Harry Lunde berg, chief of the 90,000 striking Ameri can Federation of Labor seamen on the West coast. Lundeberg is quoted as saying his men will not return to work until a wage cut ordered by the Stabilization Board is junked. His position has the support of 400,000 additional AFL and CIO workers, with shipping in all Ameri can ports at a practical standstill. In a radio address he added that the strike would continue until wage advances negotiated with ship owners are approv ed at Washington/ It is not for laymen to argue for or against the position of the strikers or the justice of their claims. But it is apparent to any layman who gives the situation serious thought that by halting the nation’s shipping the strik ers are jeopardizing their own living ■conditions as seriously as any group in | the country’s population. If the meeting of the War Stabiliza-1 tion Board today fails to reach a decision i acceptable to the strikers and the tie up continues, the consequence of result ing spoilage and shortages will fall as heavily upon members of the unions involved in the strike and their families as on anyone else. Even though the strikers ultimately gai:» all their demands, the damage that will have been done to the nation’s economic stability willy-nilly must be shared by them too. A Fallacious Proposition With fresh meats nearing an unpre cedented shortage a proposal is heard in Chicago for the government to take over and operate the industry. Is there any reason to assume that the government, through whose bungl ing the present scarcity exists, could solve a problem it has itself created? Is there any reason to think that the government could be more successful in putting meat in butcher shops than it was in operating the railroads when they were nationalized in World War I? Is there any good reason to think the government could do better with meat than it did with the air mails when it took this business away from private carriers and turned it over to Army fliers at a time when the Army Air Force was at its lowest level in equipment and efficiency? Lan we believe the government might make a better showing with meat than it did with nationalized coal? Or with Montgomery Ward, or any industrial plant it seized during World War II ? To nationalize any business can re sult only in more and worse confusion. Reconversion can never be accomplish ed by this means. The only hope the people can safely entertain of ever getting back to normal and eventually overcoming inflation is through the restoration of business and industry to private enterprise_the bureaucrats, labor leaders and com munists to the,contrary notwithstand ing. The United Nations may not be working very smoothly or making much of a splash right now, but it’s a first step — and it’s working better than our own government did in the first year of its existence. — Sen. George D. Aiken (R) of Vermont. • * * The antidote for lawlessness is decency and the development of character in all our citizens. It is fundamental that we return to a realization that truth, justice and peace are the foundations of our democracy. — FBI Di rector J. Edgar Hoover. Fair Enough BY WESTBROOK PEGLER (Copyright, by King Features Syndicate, Inc.) NEW YORK, Sept. 9—Mrs. Frances Perk ins, who was Franklin D. Roosevelt’s Secre tary of Labor for 12 years, was one of the few truthful persons in his administration. Therefore the lady deserves the benefit of a doubt in discussion of that phase of her mem oirs which deals with Roosevelt’s decision to run for governor of New York in 1928. But, granting that Mrs. Perkins writes the truth as she knows it, the historical record must allege that she was deceived or incompletely informed and that the facts of the matter are seriously ai odds with her report. For the benefit of the objective historian who consults the reminiscences of Roosevelt’s devotees, satellites and sycophants 50 years hence, this demurrer should be clipped to the tearsheets of Mrs. Perkins’ story. Mrs. Perkins writes that in 1928, Governor Al Smitn, the Democratic nominee for presi dent, decided that he needed Roosevelt as his candidate for governor of New York to help him, Smith, carry the state. Mrs. Perkins writes that Smith took the phone from Mrs Rooseveit during the Democratic state conven tion at Syracuse and pleaded with Roosevelt to accept the nomination. Roosevelt, at Warm Springs, Georgia, refused, but the next night Smith made a personal plea “over and above politics.-’ Mrs. Perkins says Roosevelt weak ened and asked to speak to Mrs. Roosevelt. When she took the phone, he gave in. “He ran primarily to support Smith,” Mrs. Perkins wrote. In the closing days of the 1944 campaign, Roosevelt, reversing his earli er estimate of Tom Dewey’s strength as a campaigner, took to the road and closed out his own campaign in Boston. His speech there was an appeal' to the Irishness and'Catholicism of the Boston Democrats, who held Smith in revered memory. In that speech he took ad. vantage of the fact that Al Smith had died a few weeks before, to claim Smith’s friendship, which had been withdrawn several years be fore, as Roosevelt well knew, and said that he ran for the governorship of New York in 1928 “At Smith's request." This unquestionably was true. It is also true, however, and neither Roosevelt nor Mrs. Perkins has even alluded to the fact, that Roosevelt’s decision was not made as a favor to Smith tut was based on a financial con sideration. * John J. Raskob, who describes himself in Who’s Who as a capitalist and an official of General Motors and the Empire State build ing, had accompanied Smith to the state con vention at Smith’s request. I undertake to say this because I called on Smith to ask him about the incidents during the summer of 1944 and he told the story without hesitation. I say also he had no personal respect forv Roosevelt at that time. Raskob was not in terested in politics as such, but believed that prohibition was a source of dangerous cor ruption in the politics and morals of the coun try and was a crusader for repeal. Smith did telepnone Roosevelt twice from Syracuse to Warm Spiings and Roosevelt turned him down. A1 then asked Raskob to try and he aid. Roosevelt said he wanted to get his health back and moreover, was under finan cial obligations in his Warm Springs enter prise. Roosevelt had bought this little run down vacation resort from George Foster Peabody, a rich banker and insurance man, who was also a philanthropist, and had given Peabody notes. Roosevelt then sold the property to a foun dation, h.'mself accepting notes. If he thought Peabody would cancel his notes on the ground that Roosevelt, too, appeared to be a philan thropist, he was mistaken. By telephone, Ras kob remarked to Roosevelt that Smith seemed to have the notion that nc, Roosevelt, felt committed to raise money for Warm Springs. Raskob asked him if money was all that stood between his present attitude and a de cision to accept the nomination. Roosevelt said he would have to raise $250,000 for Warm Springs. Raskob said that, in that case, he would guarentee the $250,000 and underwrite the difference betwen the amount of money that could be raised in a public appeal for contributions and $250,000. Tnat same night, Raskbo wrote a letter to Roosevelt and en closed his check for $250,000. The next time Roosevelt was in New York, he told Raskob that it wasn’t necessary for him to subscribe the whole amount. Raskob replied that Roosevelt mignt keep the check and return to him as much money as the drive should laise, retaining the difference as Ras kob’s own contribution. Roosevelt gave back the 5250,000. Raskob then subscribed $50,000 on his own account and later subscribed $50,. 000 in the names of his children. Roosevelt asked William Woodin, another capitalist, to be chairrr^n of a drive to raise money and later named Woodin Secretary of the Treas ury, a post which he held briefly until his death in the spring of 1934. A1 Smilh later said he was reliably inform ed that Raskob’s $100,000 and the remainder of the $250,000 raised by an appeal to public charity, was used to reimburse Mrs. Sara Delano Poosevelt, the late President’s mother, for money which she had advanced or invested for her son in Warm Springs. Mrs. Perkins’ version and the remarks of Roosevelt to the Boston ‘‘Irish” in 1944, mis represent the facts in that they would have it that Roosevelt abandoned his program of physical recuperation solely as a favor to Smith. He had turned Smith down repeatedly and denied Smith the political help which Smith' undoubtedly did request from him as a personal favor. His decision to accept the nomination was persuaded by a guarantee of $250,000, and was made only after Raskob personally pledged the money. No person among the Roosevelt following has yet offered proof that Roosevelt ever made any uncondi tional gift to charity proportionate to his means QUOTATIONS Whether or not we like it, the fact remains that practically all of the countries of the world are looking either t.o Washington or Moscow. — Rep. James Wadsworth (R) of New York. * * * Conservative estimates indicate that there are five vocationally disabled civilians for ev ery member of our armed forces who was dis. abled in combat in the years between Pearl Harbor and V-J Day. — Micheal J. Shortley, director Office of Vocational Rehabilitation. * * * It seems clear, however, that air supremacy and its exploitation over Japan proper was the major factor which determined the timing of Japan’s surrender and obviated any need of invasion. — U. S. Strategic Bombing Sur vey report. * * • Individual is arrayed against individual, group against group. If we cannot cut our in dividual and group greediness, we shall in evitably become ourselves a completely selfish nation. — Gen. Jacob L. Devers, Army Ground Forces Commander. “VACANCY” MOW UrMKAE. THINK»_ — AT LAST ITHlNKCl/t TOliHOOHE'. Argentine Trade Relations Smash Into Unexpected Heavy Head Winds By ROBERT K. SHELLABEY Staff Writer on Latin-American Affairs for The Christian Science Monitor Anglo-Argentine trade relations have run into unexpectedly heavy head winds. Argentina, long known as the unofficial “sixth dominion'’ of the British Commonwealth, so far as economics are concerned, appears set on a course to refuse any special favors to its historic business partner. A nationalistic course towards gconomic self-sufficiency is being followed by the Peron Govern ment. The latest achievement was the purchase of the huge tele phone system from Interntaional Telephone and Telegraph Com pany. Argentina wants all kinds of manufactured goods, from heavy industry supplies to consumer items. It has some $500,000,000 in blocked sterling in England. It wants to convert that into dollars or at least have it funded as a commercial debt so interest at 2 1-2 per cent would be paid. This fund was built up by Great Britain's purchases during the war, when the latter was unable to sell goods in return. Assurances Asked Britain, which has depended upon Argentine beef for at least one quarter of its weekly one shilling four-penny meat ration, wants assurance of meat. It lost Religion Day By Day BY WILLIAM T. ELLIS A PALESTINE SAINT News from Palestine — that al most insoluble problem — takes second place in my thoughts this morning; for the report has be latedly arrived of the death there, by the shore of the Galilee he loved, of Dr. A. C. Harte, a great personality and a dear friend. He, above all other persons I have known, had a passion for the land of the Lord and for the Lord of the Land. To have traversed large sections of it in his company was a privilege and an obligation. In Jerusalem his memorial will long stand in the unique and sym bolical and beautiful Y.M.C.A. Building, which he dreamed into being. His home, “Peniel,’ on the shore of Galilee above Tiberias, he had made into a service center for soldiers and travelers. Significantly his grave in his garden is marked upon the Lake. His tomb is in scribed with three quotations, of his own choosing: “We would see Jesus.” “Whom, having not seen, I love.” “When morning gilds the sky,” “May Jesus Christ be praised.” I did not know Dr. Harte during the many years he served as Y.M.C.A. secretary in Mobile, Ala.; I met him first in Russia', where he was director of prisoner of war work. Later, we were to gether in Palestine and other lands. He introduced me to Queen Marie, of Roumania, for his ac quaintance with royalty was wide spread. A statesman, a dreamer, an indefatigable and passionate servant of Jesus Christ, he has made Palestine a dearer memory to many. For great saints who have loved Thee and served Thee, I Christ, we give thanks today; as we pray that we may follow in their train, Amen. that assurance on Aug. 20 when the 1933 Roca . Runciman trade treaty expired (it had been re vised in 1936). Britain offers to pay one - half of 1 per cent interest on the war time loan and would like to have Argentina apply it on buying out the extensive railroads now owned by Britain. This would be con sistent with the current nationali zation trend. But President Peron already has the use of the roads and could expropriate them at any time. He wants more goods to come to his country, not merely title to what’s already there. More important to Britain, a precedent of treating the blocked McKenney On BRIDGE By WILLIAM E. McKENNEY America’s Card Authority A new event was put in play in the summer session of the nation al championships tournament this year, the masters’ mixed team-of four. The open mixed team event was moved to California, and re placed in the summer nations by a masters’ event, a three-session contest. A new record for mixed teams of four was established when 39 teams entered. The winners were Ber tram Lebhar, Jr. of New Rochelle, N. Y., and Mrs. Ralph Kempner of Chicago, paired with Samuel Katz of Millburn, N. J., and Mrs. Leb har. Lebhar is treasurer of the American Contract Bridge League, and received a tremendous hand when it was announced that this victory made him Life Master No 61. When the dummy went down in today's hand, Lebhar (South) •;ould count 11 tricks—six hearts, a spade, two clubs and two dia monds. He had to locate the queen of diamonds to make his contract, so he ran the six heart tricks, carefully observing the discards. West let go a spade on the third and fourth hearts, and on the fifth he dropped the three of diamonds, on the sixth the four of clubs. Lebhar then cashed the ace and king of clubs, and on the second club West let go the nine of spades. Declarer now knew that West originally had five diamonds, which would leave East with a singleton diamond; so he cashed the diamond king and led the jack. When West refused to cover Leb har let it ride, making his needed 12th trick. ■ At the other table North and South played the hand at hearts, making six. Thus Lebhar’s team won the match by 10 points. * None V A K J 4 3 2 * A64 * A 9 3 2 * 10 981 V 10 9 ♦ Q987 3 *84 Lebhar * A 53 VQ86 * K J 10 5 * K 10 5 Tournament—Neither vul. South West North East 1 ♦ Pass 2 V 4 * 5 V Pass 6 ♦ Pass 6 N. T. Pass Pass Pass Opening—* 10 ^ 10 balance as a commercial debt would justify similar requests from India and other nations whose aggregate balance is much' more than Argentina’s. Britain does not look upon the Argentine or other balances as commercial debts, in the strict sense; they were accumulated while Britain was fighting a war for mutual benefit. What Britain offers is to draw up a liquidation schedule over a long term. This would give Ar gentina the goods it wants, but not so soon. Negotiations in Buenos Aires almost broke off this week, after the crisis of the trade treaty lapse. The stumbling block is a refusal of Britain to talk about the sterling block until the meat contract and the future of the railway investment are discussed. Conversely, Argentina wants to settle the sterling question before tackling anything else. Perhaps more tactical than real, the stalemate was underlined by the decision of the British trade mission to visit Uruguay to discuss trade matters. Peron Sees Leeper After Foreign Minister Juan Bramujlia affirmed what the stumbling block was, it was dis closed that Britain’s Ambassador, Sir Reginald W. Leeper, had an unheralded conference with Presi dent Peron. The independent daily, El Mundo, reported that the conference resulted in a post ponement of a communique on the negotiations. An undisclosed formula had been reached on how the issue could be solved. Expiration of the 1933 treaty went unnoticed in London.. The Board of Trade reports no official knowledge of any alterations in duties on British goods. Presum ably, higher duties would now be paid. Until a few days ago, the mis sion, which had been in Argen tina for eight weeks, wis ex pected by London to return, ui» successful. But news of a compro^ mise formula has revived hope. Although Britain regards the increased price for Argentine beaf as a “hold-up," General Peron ** fair so long as it meets United States prices. At the ex piratujn, the price went to $120, thf same as Britain would have to pay for an average American steer, according to Gen eral Peron. STAR Dust Some Oriental Philosophy A „v,ery P°or Chinese had his small laundry next door to a more prosperous! Chinese restaurant Every day he would take his bowl of rice, put his chair as close as [ he dared to the restaurant, and sniff the appetizing odors. One day he received a bill from his neighbor for “the smell of his food.” The poor man promptly went indoors and appeared with a small money box and rattled it in the ears of his “creditor” saying “I hereby pay for the smell of your food with the sound of my money.” —Capper’s Weekly Quirkly Dressed Up A queer bird is Mohandus Gandhi, Whose dress suit is always so hand!; Society quads At his white tie and tails— When he gets a towel, he’s the candhi. —Wand B. Duncan I Doctor Says__ FOOD FADS CAUSE DEFICIENCY Ills By WILLIAM A. O’BRIEN M n A medical society in ’ ’ western state asked its -mi* members to bring reports oM*! deficiency disease encountered^ their daily practices ft 11 learned that in each inst=„„ Wa< cause of the food dehcfc th( food faddism. cy Wat Food faddist are misonw.j • viduals who attempt to^cu'-fV^1, selves of various ailments ^ promote their health by J( foods recommended by self - i"? experts. These authorities'' „ tend to possess secret food w? edge which is not available to il rest of us. Vegetarians apparently bel-ev, that eating animal foods is v? ful. Few followers of vegeta ^ ism are true disciples of £ teaching, as the majority eat milk and milk products in tf*' tion to vegetables and fruit tv prejudice seems to be limited ta meat because eggs, milk aid mi,L products are animal foods. It is possible to obtain all th protein one needs from vegetab"! sources, but combinations of ani mal and vegetable protein are uses by the majority of people became such diets are more palatable Some food faddists solemnly de clare that mixing certain type, of food is harmful, such as acid and alkali, protein and carbohydrate In health, the body finds no diff: culty in maintaining a slightly alkaline balance as it has the capacity to change acid foods into alkaline and alkaline into acid as the occasion demands. It is not harmful to mix protem and carbohydrate foods at the same meal. One of the best foods for man, good quality pasteurized milk contains both protein and carbohydrate. Food faddists coun ter by saying that persons with strong stomachs can mix protein and carbohydrates, but not those who have weak stomachs. It js interesting to note that the food of newborn infants is entirely milk. The raw food group believes that cooking harms food. It is true that it does destroy some of the vita, mins and minerals, but as there is an excess in the diet, the loss is not felt. Cooking improves the flav or of many foods and destroys di sease germs and is urged when ever possible. Unwise selection of food in diet ing may be another source of food deficiency disease. Some persons get the idea that certain foods are harmful to them and eliminate them from their diet without res! proof. Others follow unwise weight reduction programs in which only one food is eaten or in w'hich all food is eliminated for several days, etc. In scientific weight reduction, there must be a deficit of 2400 calories in energy foods for every pound of weight loss and such diet are not harm ful. QUESTION: I have heard that foods cooked in aluminum ware are poisonous. Is there any truth to this? ANSWER: There has never been one case reported in medical literature of anyone who was poi soned by food cooked in aluminum and they do not harm us. The Literary Guidepost By W. G. ROGERS .. NO WOMAN’S WORLD, By Iris Carpenter (Houghton Miif Iin., $3). While there’s much in ibis book that you’ve read about, such as D-day, the smash across France -and battles along the Ger man border there's much that u .11 be new, for this author writes about a job few women have herd, fully accredited war correspond dent. The Americans gave her tne chance denied by her own Britan government, and where newsp2; permen could go, she could, ar.c did’. If she didn’t have to fight Germans, she had to fight the - * lies, or wangle from one ou 1 what another refused, as when sr.s and The AP’s Ruth Cowan wen guests of the hospitable Navy & a Channel crossing to which ungentlemanly Army objected. It was a man’s work all rig ’ unequipped with ladies rooms, for instance, and noisy w indecorous language, . • • Carpenter compares interes it%*. British obscenity with Arne-c“_ profanity. But here we see it r _ a woman’s point of view: the ■3 frau who left a sign on her we..* ing: “Please do not disturb. ■ ' Yank who swore to tell his e dren the ugly truth about '.'ar second Yank who stole ?• _ man umbrella so a German P1 could shelter a German baby. In more realistic and viv,d ?• - than some correspondents masters of, she ends with tne tact of Americans and Eus and the familiar picture of mans fleeing the Reds to su‘ie. to the Anglo-Saxons . . ■ 0Ul the others who have told tne ■ ■ story, she doesn't make n whether she thinks that a co. ■ ment for us, or the reve The WORLO OF NUM BERS. By Herbert McKay (Cambridge . MacMillan ■ ~ The figures and compu-f • which we take for *rin,*d checked and double-checked e ^ tainingly by this alert aun-\; °.\s you can have fun with hi- -, f book even if you don t rente. • I all your high-school math.