OCR Interpretation


The Wilmington morning star. (Wilmington, N.C.) 1909-1990, September 15, 1946, SECTION-A, Image 1

Image and text provided by University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Library, Chapel Hill, NC

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn78002169/1946-09-15/ed-1/seq-1/

What is OCR?


Thumbnail for

BSI THE SUHMfcfa -NEWS
€8W ©IT P>la?©QBEg8 AM® i?»IMf ASM-iiTiga
_ _WILMINGTON, N. C., SUNDAY, SEPTEMBER 15, 1946 SECTION-A
British Act
To Disperse
‘Squatters’
Arrest Five Communist
Leaders Of Movement In
New Crackdown
REINFORCE POLICE
London Families Moved
In Partially Completed
Dwelling Units
By ED CREAGH
LONDON, Sept. 14— (S) —Five
prominent members of the Com
munist party were arrested tonight
m a crackdown on “luxury squat
t!rs" as the government acted to
halt the spreading Communist, di
rected campaign.
The arrests followed quickly a
government statement deploring
■violence and lawlessness” and in
fracting municipal officials in
England and W»l#« to guard against
further »eirur*i apartments and
other propertiei by homeless fami
lies. Police patrols were reinforced
and alerted.
All five Communist leaders were
charged with “conspiring together
with other persons to incite per
sons to trespass on perperty, and
eid and abet and direct such tres
pass against the peace.” All were
granted bail and released for hear
ing in magistrate’s court Monday.
Those arrested were: Eaward F.
Bramley, secretary of the London
district Communist party. Gabriel
(Bill) Carritt, son of an Oxford
university philosopher and com
munist member of the Westminis
ter City committee.
Morris Israel Rosen, a member
of the Stepney Borough council.
Mrs. Joyce Allergant, a Com
munist leaer.
Ernest Stanley Henderson, secre
tary of the committee acting for
squatters in the swank Duchess of
Bedford House, occupied last Sun
day in the opening swoop on a num
ber of apartments in the fashion
able West London residential dis
trict, ■ .
One squatter also was arrested
at Fountain Court, one of the in
vaded apartments, and was charg.
ed with obstructing police.
The buildings invaded for the
most part were vacant and in
process o? redecoration after their
wartime use by the government.
Calling for “action against
squatters,’ Minister of Health
Aneurin Bevan in a letter to local
authorities ordered them to keep
all premises locked.
“The government are confident,”
(Continued on Page 2; Column 4)
IAPE .HOLD
m TION HERE
Wilmington Host To 1947
Meet; Hinkle Named
Vice President
Coincidental with the election of
"• M. Hinkle, of Wilmington, as
vjce president of the Internation
Association of Public Employes,
SJstern district, was the selection
of ^the Wilmington area as the
convention site of the group
™ich is comprised of 200 mem
bers.
Hinkle's election came during a
Meeting of the association at At
hntic Beach yesterday.
The election of the local man
~he is the manager of the Wil
mington United States Employment
!e^viw—was unanimous.
Hinkle told fellow members oi
™ association that either Wrights
or Carolina Beach would be
chosen as next year’s convention
!,ta when the selection was left
°P to him following his election.
Attending the meeting from Wil
mtngton were Liston King, Pres
et M0seiy, Hinkle, Roland Perry.
Charles Bradshaw and T. Z. Sim
mons. all employes of the USES.
. Carlyle Taylor, of Winston-Salem,
the president of the association,
office to which Hinkle was
jjacted is the only vacancy filled
li^g the meeting.
I_Scenes Along The Squatters’ F->/?-»_ London
- ------ ^ *_
In PVmnffHri* rw.* (IefP P®ts, “P curtains and prepares to make herself at home In an apartment
wJT ^ * London’s Victoria station after the building was taken over by squatters.
JmL k.Wl?".are.iSeJ?”E nsed 40 the new surroundings. Eight: A woman squatter is aided
8 l” clin}bing over a pointed fence to get into her new “home” in the Fountain Court
^milding^ Police have blockaded the buildings in efforts to keep the squatters from entering. (AP
j Truman DisavowsPo licy Change;
Paris Delegates Support Byrnes
- M i
President Says Wallace
Speech Not Statement Of
Foreign Policy
By ERNEST BARCELLA
WASHINGTON, Sept. 14—(U.R)—
President Truman today disavow
ed Secretary of Commerce Henry
A. Wallace’s controversial Ease
Up-On-Russia speech as a state
ment of U. S. foreign policy. But
he approved Wallace’s right to say
what he did.
In an extraordinary statement
occasioned by the international
uproar caused by Wallace’s speech
—and Mr. Truman’s apparent en
dorsement of it—the President as
sured the nation and the world
that there has been no change in
established U. S. foreign policy.
He summoned reporters to his
office to explain there had been
a “natural misunderstanding” of
his answer to a Thursday press
conference question regarding Wal
lace’s speech at a political rally
in New York’s Madison Square
Garden that night.
“I did not intend to indicate
that I approved the speech as
constituting a statement of the
foreign policy of this country,”
Mr. Truman explained.
On Thursday, Mr. Truman said
he had read in advance and ap
proved the entire speech in which
Wallace warned against a “get
tough” policy toward Russia.
“It was my intention to express
the thought that I approved the
right of the Secretary of Com
merce to deliver the speech,” Mr.
Truman said.
He said he had answered the
(Continued on Page 2; Column 1)
SENATORS DECLARE
RAIL RATE UNJUST
Report That South And
West Are Being Dis
criminated Against
WASHINGTON, Sept. 14.—(U.F9
Congress and the Interstate Com
merce Commission have failed to
provide fair treatment for business
men and farmers—particularly in
the South and West—who must
send their goods to market by rail,
a senate small business subcom
mittee reported tonight.
The committee found that pres
ent freight rates have “throttled or
handicapped” the country’s smaller
(interprises through unfair dis
crimination.
Committee chairman Tom Ste
wart, D., Tehn., said the report
(Continued on Page 2; Column 3)
Discovery Of Gold vein
Starts California Rush
CRESCENT CITY, Calif., Sept
It-tty-The days of ’49 have come
9live here in a new stampede in
sPired by discovery of gold.
. Citizens of this little community
", *“‘6 extreme northwest corner
the state, are filing claims as
Sst as the local printing shop can
,rn out blanks. Outsiders are be
S'nning t0 pour in.
■>A Persistant, grizzled prospector,
°m Cronin, 55, made a new gold
,’rike this week. For 12 years he
M been trudging into the rugged,
P er-clad mountains north of
descent City. He brought out samp
les. Assayers found them worth
less.
Then Cronin played a “hunch.”
He took a sample of black-streak
ed yellowish clay from a plateau at
a 3,000-foot elevation about 18
miles north of Crescent City. %
An a^sayer ran the tests—and
told Cronin he apparently had
found a rich vein. The samples,
the assayer said, ran as high as
$75 a ton. Commercial gold operat
ors are regarded profitable on ore
assaying as little as $12 a ton.
(Continued on Page 9; Column 1)
Condition Of Young
Wessell ‘Improved’
The condition of James A.
Wessel, seven-year-old son of
Mr. and Mrs. Conrad Wes
sel, 222 North Fourth street,
who was struck by an automo
bile Friday night, was “slight
ly improved”, attaches at
James Walker Memorial hos
pital said last night.
Young Wessel suffered a col
lapsed left lung, broken ribs
and a broken collar bone when
struck by an automobile Fri
day night near his home. Ac
cording to police the car was
driven by Marshall C. Foster,
28, of 323 Nun street, who said
the boy ran into the side of
the vehicle. Police ruled the
accident unavoidable.
HURRICANE AVOIDS
CAROLINA’S COAST
Storm Sends Schools Of
• Fish Shoreward; Some
Vessels Recalled
Strong winds from an Atlantic
hurricane—repercussions of which
were felt 300 miles east of Cape
Hatteras—failed to sweep into
southeastern North Carolina yes
terday as storm warnings were
broadcast along the eastern coast.
Residents of beaches in the Wil
mington and Southport area were
highly perturbed Friday when first
word of the hurricane — their
thoughts were probably going back
to the storm of 1944—was announc
ed.
They awoke, yesterday however,
to a day of sunshine.
Old-timers fishing from the
beaches declared the hurricane
had at least one good effect as
schools of mullet, drum and pom
pano played in the suds through
out Saturd&y affording fishermen
some of the best catches of the
season.
The water, off WrightsviUe
Beach—to quote an example—was
filled with seaweed and debris giv
ing first-hand evidence that a
strong storm must have raged
farther out at sea.
According to an Associated Press
report the Navy recalled small
ships and tugs to port in New Eng
land and battered down its air
craft as the hurricane swept north
ward along the eastern seaboard
and Nantucket Island as those
areas began to feel the first hign
winds of the expected gale.
In southeastern Massachusetts,
most of the New Bedford fishing
fleet took shelter in port.
The commandant of the First
Naval District announced in Bos
ton:
‘‘Ships at sea have been advised
of the existence of the storm and
small ships and tugs of the Navy
in coastal waters have put into
convenient ports.
‘‘Aircraft at the Naval air sta
tion, Quonset Point, R. I., and the
Naval air station at Charlestown,
R. I., that could not be placed in
the protective covering of hangars
have been flown to other fields
where hangars are available or to
fields well outside the path of the
storm.”
The announcement said that
Rear Admiral Wilder D. Baker,
commandant of the Boston Naval
base, ‘‘has issued orders cancelling
all liberty at midnight Saturday
night in order that he may have
sufficient force to handle any
emergency that may arise.”
ry
Connally, Vandenberg Rush
To Defense Of Jimmy
Byrnes’ Stand
By R. H. SHACKFORD
PARIS, Sept. 14. — (U.R) — Sens.
Tom Connally, D., Tex., and Ar
thur H. Vandenberg, Re., Mich.,
prevailed upon President Truman
to repudiate his earlier “endorse
ment” of Commerce Secretary
Henry A. Wallace’s speech as a
statement of American foreign pol
icy, it was understood tonight.
Secretary of State James F.
Byrnes himself remained in -the
background, avoiding participation
in trans-Atlantic telephone discus
sion with Mr. Truman, but it was
learned that Connally and Vanden
berg held lengthy conversations
with the President during which
they spoke bluntly and frankly.
It was after these conversations
that Mr. Truman announced there
was no change in American for
eign policy and that there would
be none without discussion and
conference among the President,
Secretary of State and congres
sional leaders. '
Sources in a position to know
said that the telephone wires be
tween Paris and Washington were
“burning up” all afternoon while
the two senators took up the fight
for Byrnes in the first class inter
national crisis created by what ap
peared to be a rift in American
foreign policy.
The crisis now is regarded here
as a “tragedy of errors.” From the
first there enver has been any
question in the minds of Byrnes,
Connally or Vandenberg concern
ing Mr. Truman’s wholehearted
support of Byrnes’ policies.
Leaders of the Apnerican dele
gation were concerned mostly with
(Continued on Page 9; Column 4)
O’DWYER RECEIVES
UNIONS’ DEMANDS
Less Severe Terms Issued
To Employers To Solve
Crippling Strike
NEW YORK, Sept. 14 — (£>) —
New union demands “less severe”
than those which started the Met
ropolitan New York trucking
strike were reported tonight to
have been placed before employer
delegates meeting with union rep
resentatives and Mayor O’Dwyer’s
advisory committee.
Joseph M. Adelizzi, chairman of
the employers’ negotiating com
mittee, announced the new de
(Continued on Page 9; Column 8) |
Nation-Wide
Ship Strike
Nearing End
Spokesman For Shipowners
Declares Progress Made
In Talks
HARBORS PICKETED
AFL Seamen Prepare To
Man Ships; CIO Unions
Continue Strike
By The Associated Press
A conference of CIO National
Maritime union leaders and ship
owners in New York city adjourned
last night without reaching a wage
work agreement, but a spokesman
for the owners said “some progress
has been made” and maritime
circles indicated the nation’s vast
shipping strike was nearing an
end.
The spokesman was Frank J.
Taylor, head of the American Mer
chant Marine institute, who led the
owners’ negotiating committee.
The conference was scheduled to
resume at 10 a. m. (EST) today.
AFL seamen, who began the
industry-crippling walkout Sept.
5, had abandoned their picket signs
and were preparing to man their
vessels, but CIO sailors continued
the prolonged strike.
The CIO men, demanding the
same wages granted to AFL mari
time workers, picketed harbors on
the nation’s three coasts. The lines
were crossed in at least two in
stances by AFL men.
About 30 AFL longshoremen
walked through a CIO line at a
New York pier to unload passen
ger hand luggage from the liner
Washington. NMU headquarters,
however, said the strike was 100
per cent effective, declaring they
had received reports of complete
tie-ups “in all ports.”
In Norfolk, Va., AFL Internation
al Longshoremen’s a s s o c i a tion
members returned to their jobs,
crossing CIO barriers. Officials of
Jhe AFL saifor unions had said
their men would respect the CIO
lines.
William Rentz, port agent for the
AFL Seafarers International union
in Baltimore, said AFL members
(Continued on Page 9; Column 5)
EMORY APPOINTED
TO HOUSING POST
Named Chairman Of Leg
islative Body In Public
Housing Conference
H. R. Emory, executive director
of the Housing Authority of the
City of Wilmington, has been ap
pointed chairman of the Legisla
tive Action Committee of the Na
tional Public Housing Conference,
according to an announcement re
ceived here last night from Lee F.
Johnson of Washington, executive
vice president of the NPHC.
Principal aim of the newly creat
ed committee will be to work for
enactment of legislation at the next
session of Congress to relieve the
current unprecedented housing
shortage, Johnson said. At an or
ganization meeting in Washington
recently, the committee asked for
a special session of Congress to act
on housing, and its request has
been communicated to President
Truman.
Specifically, the committee is
seeking enactment of the Wagner
Ellender Taft “general housing
bill” which has been passed by the
senate but which failed to reach
a vote in the lower house last ses
sion.
Members of the committee, John
son said, are some forty in num
ber, including among others Frank
lin D. Roosevelt, Jr., who is hous
ing chairman for the American
Veterans Committee; the Rt. Rev.
Monsignor John F. O’Grady, head
of the National Catholic Charities;
(Continued on Page 5; Column 2)
Return Of Price Control
Sees Big Abattoir Close
Blaming the return of the OPA
price controls on meats for the
scarcity of cattle for slaughtering,
0. C. Moore, operator of a large
abbatoir on the Castle Hayne road
about eight miles from Wilmington,
announced that he had been forced
to close his abattoir at noon yes
terday because livestock growers
had withdrawn their cattle from
the markets and also because he
could not make a profit by selling
his meat products at the new OPA
ceilings.
Moore, who completed his mod
ern abattoir last summer, and
who reported that his investment
in the establishment aggregates
$60,000 to $75,000 at this time, said
he could not tell whether he would
be able to adjust his business in
order to meet the OPA require
ments.
He said that he had been getting
between 50 and 60 head of cattle
for slaughter purposes every week,
but that when the OPA returned
that the farmers simply withdrew
their livestock. He added that il
is possible for him to buy cattle
now, but that he could not afford
(Continued on Page 5; Column 5)
Woodbury To Head
ChestFjundDrive
The Wilmington Community
Chest yesterday named Louie
E. Woodbury, Jr,, chairman of
the Oct. 15-25 drive in which
it will seek to raise $106,204 for
support of its 12 Red Feather
services and the United Service
Organization during 1947.
In announcing the campaign
goal, Ranald Stewart, Chest
WOODBURY
president, reported that, des
pite “twelve months of living
cost rises, we have been able
to hold increases in our agency
budgets down to a general
general four per cent.”
Total budget for the chest’s
1947 work will be $112,075,
Stweart declared, less $7,053
which represents a surplus
left over from 1945 and applied
to next year’s campaign goal.
“The $7,053 surplus was made
possible by administrative sav
ings, by nearly 100 per cent col
'lections on our 1946 campaign
pledges, and by unexpended
agency budget items,’’ Stewart
said.
"The Chest executive com
mittee, in setting this goal,
agreed as a general policy to
allocate future surpluses from
each year’s operations to the
succeeding year’s campaign”,
he reported.
The $106,204 goal was ap
proved by the Chest executive
committee after it heard a re
port by E. L. White, chairman
of its budget committee, recom
mend the following allocations
to the Red Feather services:
Boy Scouts, $9,100; Brigade
Boys club, $9,622; Cameron
Memorial camp, $2,145; Family
(Continued on Page 2; Column 4)
Acute Meat Shortage
Extends Over Nation
- *
OPA Chief Foresees No Re
lief For Next Six Or
Eight Weeks
By The Associated Press
A severe meat shortage extend
ed from coast to coast yesterday
and even optimistic predictions
placed substantial relief still sev
eral weeks away.
OPA Chief Paul Porter, promis
ing that meat meat price ceilings
would be retained, predicted sup
plies would be "fairly good after
we get over the hump of the nex^,
six or eight weeks.”
Ralph Helstein, president of the
big CIO - United Packinghouse
Workers of America union, pre
dicted that meat output would re
main low for “several weeks
ahead” and added that “the re
moval of price control at this time
cannot change the situation.
Both Porter and Helstein blam
ed the meat shortage on the ab
normally heavy rush of livestock
to market when price controls were
off in July and August.
When receipts begin to pick up,
Porter added in his weekly radio
discussion of food and price mat
ters, “the much-publicized ‘meat
famine’ will be disclosed for the
irresponsible rumor that it is.”
Helstein blamed the current
shortage on what he termed a “buy.
ing strike” by packers before the
(Continued on Page 2; Column 5)
FIRE RAZES HOTEL
IN ARKANSAS CITY
One Person Killed, Nine In
jured, Eight Missing
After Blaze
HOT SPRINGS, Ark., Sept. 14—
(U.R)—At least one person was killed,
nine badly injued and eight miss
ing today in an early morning fire
that destroyed the Great Northern
hotel, a half-century old landmark
that was crowded with tourists, dis
abled war veterans and sick per
sons who had travelled to this fam
ous resort for its healing baths.
The hotel register was destroy
ed in the flames that flashed
through the ancient four - story
building and consumed it in 90
minutes.
Assistant Manager A. L. Ford,
Jr., estimated there were about 50
guests in the hotel last night and
said as far as he could determine,
about eight are still missing. He
thought some of these, however,
may have wandered into the gath
ering groups during the excitement
and had failed to report.
Twelve hours after the fire,
streams of water were still being
(Continued on Page 9; Column 4)
EPISCOPAL CHUR H
LIBERALIZES LAWS
Remarriage Of Divorced
Persons Left Up To Dio
cesan Bishop
PHILADELPHIA. Sept. 14—(ff)—
The Protestant Episcopal church
today took steps to liberalize its
laws on remarriage of divorced
persons but turned down for at
least three years a proposal to
merge with the Presbyterian
church in the United States.
The House of Bishops, meeting
at the 55th triennial general con
vention of the church, unanimous
ly approved a resolution which
would permit remarriage of any
divorced church member at the
discretion of the diocesan Bishop
or Ecclesiastical court.
The action, which must be en
dorsed by the House of Deputies
which is made up of lay and cleri
cal delegates, came after the
Bishops had rejected a report of
its commission on matrimony sub
mitting a liberalized canon.
This new recommendation dif
fers from the original proposal
in that it eliminates a national
advisory council on marriage and
leaves full discretion within each
diocese.
Although endorsing the liberali
zation, the Bishops pointed out
that “marriage remains a physi
cal, spiritual and mystical union,
created by mutual consent of heart,
mind and will, and is in intention
lifelong.’1
Presently, church law permits
remarriage of divorced persons
only when they are the innocent
party in cases of adultery.
The house of deputies voted
down 386-196 a resolution to sub
mit the merger issue to individual
congregations, many delegates de
clared that while they favored the
(Continued on Page 9; Column 2)
SAYS REPUDIATION
A PRELUDE TO WAR
Proposes ‘Soviet System Of
Democracy’ For Trieste
Government
PARIS, Sept. 14— (#) —Soviet
Foreign Minister Molotov declared
today that efforts to repudiate the
right of veto in the U. N. Securi
ty Council should be rejected' “us
an attempt to prepare a new war’*
and warned that “it would be
dangerous to ignore the Soviet
Union” if the United Nations want
peace.
Proposing “a Soviet system of
democracy’ for Trieste, Molotov
made this statement after Aus
tralia charged yesterday that the
Security Council was unfit to ad
minister Trieste, and had fallen
“into disrepute” through “arbi.
trary,, irresponsible and dicta
torial” use of the veto power.
Molotov declared that “if the
United Nations want to defend
peace without the Soviet Union, or
even against the Soviet Union, it
would be doomed to failure.
“Attempts to repudiate the right
to veto in the Security Council
should be rejected as an attempt to
prepare a new war. The renunci
ation or repudiation ctf the right
to veto will help those who are try
ing to set up an Anglo-American
bloc, but they will come to noth
ing for they are doomed to the
same ignominious failure as in
the past.”
In an hour and 15 minute dis
course in which he veered away
from wester* power views on in
ternationalizing Trieste, Molotov
declared that Trieste must be
autonomous, democratic and en
tirely demilitarized, and that not
even United Nations Security Coun
cil troops should remain In the
port.
He proposed that the Big Four
set up an international commission
to form a provisional government
in the Trieste territory after con
sulting "local democratic parties
and organizations.”
He did not appear to depart flat
ly, however, from the Big Four’s
general principle that the Security
Council would administer the terri
tory.
Molotov presented to the Italian
political and territorial commis
sion of the European peace confer
ence a 10-point proposal on inter
nationalizing Trieste seeking to
“neutralize and demilitarize” the
area and assure withdrawal of "all
foreign troops” within 30 days after
the signing of the Italian treaty.
Other points included the giving
of Italy and Yugoslavia free port
zones and all other commercial ac
cess, setting up a Trieste-Yugoslav
Customs and Railway union, elec
tion of a legislature by universal
suffrage, and designation of a gov
ernor to enforce the Trieste statute.
He proposed placing police
powers under an executive elect
ed by the legislature and the giv
ing of citizenship to all inhabi
tants of the area at the time Italy
entered the war, except "Fasc
ists.”
He advocated also that the Big
Four set up a provisional govern
ment which would order elec
tions for the legislature held with
in three months.
Immediately after Molotov spoke
the United States and Yugoslavia
asked that they be heard at Mon
day’s session of the commission.
Molotov aserted that British
French and American proposal*
on the Italian treaty draft failed
to provide for “demilitarizing and
neutralizing” the Trieste area, and
asked, ‘We should like to know
if this means that foreign troops
will remain in Trieste while it
is under the United Nations Secu
rity Council. We cannot look upon
(Continued on Page 2; Column 8)
Joint Board Charts War
Role For U. S. Industry
WASHINGTON, Sept. 14 — VP) —
The Army-Navy Munitions board
apparently has fallen heir to the
job of drawing a new “M-Day”
plan for the industrial mobilization
of America for any future war.
The joint military agency has
been working quietly on a stand
by arms plant program of undis
closed size, a task to which Presi
dent Truman also has assigned
Donald M. Nelson, former War
Production Board chairman, to
advise and assist.
Nelson, it was learned tonight,
is to prepare a report outlining
a cold-storage war industry and
recommending any legislation nec
essary to authorize and finance
it during peacetime, in readiness
for any national emergency.
This program is less comprehen
sive than the broad. “Workable
plan for the immedate mobiliza
tion of war industries” demanded
two weeks ago in a report to the
Senate committee on national de
fense, but apparently may grow
to that stature.
The office of War mobilization
and Reconversion, whose name
(Continued on Page 9; Column 6)

xml | txt