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P O. money order. The Star-News can not be responsible for currency sent through the mails._ MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS AND ALSO SERVED BY THE UNITED PRESS WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 18. 1946 TOP O’ THE MORNING When little things would irk me, and I grow Impatient with my loved ones, make me know How in a moment joy can take its flight And happiness be quencher in endless night Keep this thought with me all the live long day That I might guard the harsh words I might say At trifles that tomorrow are forgot— Let me remember, Lord, how it would be If these, my loved ones were not here with me. Author Unknown Why Limit It To The West? If the necessary funds are made available, the Bureau of Reclamation proposes to undertake a four-year pro gram which will provide jobs for 460, 000 workers, with veterans given first consideration. Providing the primary “if” and any others that may arise are disposed of, the proposal is to proceed with eighty-two irrigation and multiple purpose projects in seventeen western states. Granting that the Bureau of Recla mation program is a fine undertaking, and wishing it success, the South has good reason to feel slighted that the projects should be restricted to western states. There is as great an opportunity for reclamation south of the Mason and Dixon line and as great need for federal financing as there, even if irrigation is not to be numbered among outstanding needs. Certainly there are eighty-two major drainage projects in Dixie that this de partment could undertake with as great benefits as will accrue from the irriga tion projects on the bureau’s western program. Thousands of square miles await the government’s beneficent reclamation to become as good farm and grazing land as any equivalent area brought under irrigation in the west. Federal Payrolls To be sure, there has been some re duction in the number of employes in wartime establishments of late, but Senator Byrd, chairman of the Joint Committee on Reduction of Non-Essen tial Federal Expenditures, declares it is not what it seems. Monthly reports show that during July 2,711,165 civilians were on the fed eral payrolls. This was a reduction of 27,380 from the June record of 2,748, 545. But Mp. Byrd points out that if Navy and War department industrial workers, to the number of 48,960, were excluded, there would be a net increase Df 21,372 employes. The committee Dver which Mr. Byrd presides concludes therefore, that any personnel cuts ir the one group is offset by increases ir the old-line departments and bureaus For example, the Veterans Adminis tration has added 8,798, bringing it: total of employes to 108,084, and thi War Assets Administration has increas ed its total to 14,717 by employing 8, 537 more persons. Increases in othe departments are: Agriculture department, 3,077; In » / > / terior department, 2,036; Post Office department, 4,391; State department, 1,082, and Federal Security Agency, 1,054. These increases, Senator Byrd said, were offset partly by a 3,695 reduction effected by the Labor department, a cut of 2,685 by the Treasury depart ment, and a reduction of 1,193 by the Office of Price Administration. Despite the administration’s hue and cry for economy, there is no reason to expect any substantial reduction in the hordes on federal payrolls with a na tional presidential election only two years ahead. Bluethenthal Improvements Pilots using Bluethenthal airport agree there is no better landing field on the Atlantic coast. And they are right as far as landing facilities are con cerned. The runways built by the Army are long enough and strong enough to accommodate the largest airplanes. There are plenty of taxi strips for all essential needs. When the pilots go on to say that once they have landed the lack of nor mal accommodations puts Bluethenthal in a much lower class they are also right. The customary conveniences for themselves and their passengers are missing. In order to provide these facilities the Airport Authority has prepared a program for necessary improvements, the cost of which is estimated at $50, 000. The program includes essential changes in the officers’ club building by which it would become an administra tion building with dining room, bar, waiting room and lounge as well as air line offices. It also calls for a plane loading apron between the administra tion building and one of the 7,000-foot runways which could accommodate three planes at a time, instead of the single plane the present temporary apron will hold. The need for these betterments is the more apparent, not only because they exist at all first class airports but also because there is definite reason to believe that within a year Bluethenthal will be called on to accommodate much heavier air traffic than at present. Na tional Airlines awaits only the comple tion of the new radio range to increase its daily flights to six. Southeastern States Airline is scheduled to use the field as a part of its system serving, as its name indicates, the southeastern states. Wilmington is also on the pro posed route of the Caribbean-Latin American line, and is expected to be named an alternate port of entry for foreign flights. In addition, Bluethen thal inevitably will be the destination of many private planes bringing resort visitors. There is no lack of patronage in sight for Bluethenthal, but there is a definite obligation to provide patrons with stan dard accommodations. It is as easy to picture a major railroad discharging its passengers on side tracks beyond its freight yard in a large city as to en vision the planes destined to land at Bluethenthal on a continuing schedule without an airport’s equivalent of a depot. The Authority, once turned down by the Board of County Commissioners when solicited for funds, now plans to present its case both to the Commission and the City Council. Unless it receives favorable action by both, the city and county governments will place a heavy handicap upon one of the area’s de veloping assets. Certainly the amount of money sought—$50,000—will not interfere with the administrative programs of either government. On the other hand, its employment for the indicated pur pose will draw even greater patronage to the field than is now contemplated and ultimately pay dividends, in addition to meeting the initial outlay. QUOTATIONS Our collaboration with the American Union and with the United Nations is sincere and frank and will be fulfilled in proportion as the various branches of our democratic organ i ization resolve the affairs submitted to oui l democratic" organization.—Dr. Oscar Ivanis ' sevich, Argentine ambassador to the U. S. * * * A man with two legs is a lot more likelj to grow careless at a factory machine thar * the veteran who carries with him the firrr memory of a leg lost through no fault of his own in an enemy mine field.—Gen. Omai " N. Bradley, Veterans’ Administrator. .<4s Pegler Sees It By WESTBROOK PEGLER (Copyright, By King Features Syndicate, Inc.) NEW YORK, Sept. 15.—On the subject of hereditary wealth, President Roosevelt, in a message to Congress, in 1935, declared that "the transmission of vast fortunes by will, inheritance or gift is not consistent with the ideals and sentiments of the American peo ple.” This was an arbitrary and debatable dic tum. Americans for generations had evinced a desire to hand down their wealth, little or great, to their families. State legislatures and national Congress had created taxes on estates and inheritances but this was not necessarily proof that the people had decided to repudiate the old custom. The debates and the propaganda revealed, on the contrary, an intention to use the money thus acquired for the going expenses of government and to re duce the economic power of “dead hands” over large areas of industry and large groups of workers. Emotional resentment was clear ly revealed against the grotuesque luxury pro vided for idle and supercillious heirs, by con trast with the bleak condition of workers whose toil continued to create the income. Several generations of Roosevelts and Delanos were among these parasites. By his use of the qualifying word “vast” in his discussion of fortunes, Mr. Roosevelt established a bridge by which he could re treat to safe ground when he should be chal lenged during his life and a beneficiary of a custom which he condemned and, historically, after his own death, as one who practised an evil which he had deplored. To a man who can leave only $3,000 to his family, an estate of $50,000 is “vast” although the income on conservative investments might be no more than $30 a week which, nowadays, is below the ceiling of poverty in most urban areas. However, a person with a fortune of a mil lion has always been regarded as a rich man and Mr. Roosevelt was by inheritance, a mil lionaire. “The desire to provide security for one’s self and one’s family is natural and whole some,” he said. “But it is adequately served by a reasonable inheritance.” By the will of his mother, Mr. Roosevelt received nine-tenths of her entire estate of $1,089,872, net. The proponents of taxation to reduce “vast” estates had resented the manner by which many such accumulations had been establish ed. It was argued that even though the meth ods had been legal they were, in many cases, immoral because the founders had been shrewd fellows who felt out gaps in the laws and took advantage of them. Or the rich men had paid low wages to the workers. Roose velt, himself, at Hyde Park, paid starvation wages. To go no further back than the President's maternal grandfather, Warren Delano, who died in 1898, we find that he left an estate of $1,338,000. President Hooseveit naa conaemnea me in heritance of vast estate* derived from the exertions of the people. He may have believed that equally large fortunes, derived from vices and misfortunes of humanity were morally su perior but he never touched on that subject although he was still alive and campaigning for his fourth term when the disclosure came that Grandfather Warren Delano had been an opium smuggler in the China trade. Mr*. Eleanor Roosevelt’* Autobiography never dealt with the source* of any of the fortunes handed down on both sides of the family and no biographer of any Roosevelt ever discovered or had the fidelity to report that Warren Delano was an opium smuggler. Nor is there any more than the sketchiest reference to the fact that James Roosevelt, the President’* father, had profiteered In the tragedy of the Southern states after the Civil war. James Roosevelt had been a "money changer” in his own son's angry meaning of the term employed in his first inaugural ad dress in 1933. James Roosevelt was an organizer and serv ed for two years as president of the Southern Railway Securities Co., an early investment trust created to pick up at cheap prices the control of railroads of the South through the acquisition of bonds previously voted by il literate Negro legislators under the control of the carpet-baggers. The frauds upon the im poverished white taxpayers were in part re sponsible for the Ku Klux Klan, for the rail roads had been state properties before the w ai. Karl Schriftgeisser, in his “The Amazing Roosevelt Family,” writes that James Roose velt “helped in the post-war house-cleaning of the carpetbaggers which resulted in the or ganization of the Southern Railway system and the Louisville and Nashville” and that “it has been estimated that he accumulated a fortune of $300,000 from his railroad ven tures.” '! Thus James Roosevelt, in house-cleaning the carpet - baggers, was a beneficiary of their ruthless cleaning of the South, the effect of which were still felt when Franklin D. Roose velt became president and a member of his cabinet mocked the South because some of its children had no shoes. Moreover, Franklin D.’s father was no work er and the “sweat of those who toil” enabled him to know “the life of the German spas, the hunts at Psu, and the grouse in Scotland,” as Schriftgeisser says. “Back in New yorlr,' the biographer con tinues, “He was a popular figure in society. He was a patrcm of the Patriarch’s ball when the ineffable Ward McAllister was telling the Mrs. Astor who was nice and who wasn't. He knew the garish Actor Mansion well.” Franklin Roosevelt was still a millionaire when he died. Leaving only $100 each to his personal employees and not more than $19 a week for all purposees for his faithful secre tary of long service, Missy Le Hand, who, perhaps fortunately, for her, did not live to know the gratitude of a hero who had spoken so scornfully of greedy employers. And the fortune which he had acquired by inheritance, “vast” or modest according to your own opin ion of an estate far beyond a million, was left almost entirely to his family, most of whom during his presidency, had exploited the presidency as a gravy train. The people who revered him do not know the approxi mate value of the collection of stamps which he had fattened through his presidential powers, but a mere portion of it brought $210, 875 at auction. It had been a petty collection when he took office in 1933. Last winter, James Roosevelt his son, and Basil O’Connor, his former law partner, famil iar with Roosevelt’s ethics, and knowing the degree of his sincerity, felt justified in ask ing the New York State Department of Tax ation if the late President could be legally 1946 EFFECT OF MOON ON TIDES_ -T/yiflglg/4 C — “Disillusioned” Germans Eager For Byrnes' Plan To Ease Present Ills By JAMES DEVLIN HERFORD, Germany, Sept. 17 —OP)—Secretary of State Brynes’ Stuttgart speech proposing meth ods to alleviate Germany’s eco nomic distress gave Germans new hope at a time when a British public opinion survey showed them becoming “hopelessly disillusion ed” with the Allies and democra cy. The survey of what the Germans are thinking, conducted shortly be fore Byrnes’ speech, found that food was the uppermost immedi ate question, but what Germans wanted most was a definite goal toward which they could work. They could not see “any clear cut plan for the reconstruction of Germany,” reported one of the British officers who c.onducted the survey. Most of the interviewed realiz ed that heavy industry with war potentials must be eliminated, but they could not understand “why Your GI Rights Questions and Answers On Servicemen’s Problems By DOUGLAS LARSEN WASHINGTON — Here are some questions from veterans regarding recent changes in the law govern ing on-the-job training programs: Q—I understand that the govern ment is going to investigate every veteran who is taking an on-the job training program. Does this ap ply to veterans who started in such a program after the middle ot Au gust? A—Under the new law, VA re gional officials will have power to say whether or not an on-the-job program does or does not met the criteria set by Congress. Q—What will happen to the com pany’s on-the - job training pro gram if, under the new law, the state withdraws its approval of it? A—All veterans enrolled in it will cease to receive subsistence allowances, and no veterans will be permitted to enroll henceforth. Q—How often will the Veterans’ Administration check how much a veteran makes on the outside if he’s in one of the VA training pro grams? A—The veteran’s outside wages will be studied anew every semes ter, to determine whether they call for any adjustment in the amount of the subsistence allowance he receives. If the school does not operate on a semester basis, the recheck will be made at regular intervals. (Questions will be answered on ly in this space—not by mail.) regarded as a soldier on active service because he held the title of “commander in chief” in war They were turned down but it was a, stab worth trying and true to the character of the man they knew so well. For they might have been able to save for the heirs a few thousands in income taxes which thus would have been eased onto the shoulders of “those who toil.” they were not allowed to produce boots, shoes, clothing and house hold goods such as pots and pans and furniture.” In a land swept by rumors spreading ‘‘like fire through a forest,” the officer said, ‘‘many believe that the British are pur suing a definite policy of making Germany economically ‘kaput’ so that she never again can compete with Britain in world markets.” ‘‘Germany today is thinking with its stomach,” the officer said. ‘‘Not only have 12 years of Nazi propaganda retracted the Germans’ thinking capacity but they are now hungry and hungry men can not think normally.” McKENNEY On BRIDGE I 4QJ53 ¥KJ7 ¥ 6 4K J854 4K97 -jfj- 4 A 4 2 ¥ 1096 4 w, r V852 ♦ A K Q 8 w c ¥73 52 5 * 10 976 4 None Dealer 2 Silodor 4 10 8 6 ¥AQ3 ¥ J 10 9 4 4 A Q 3 Tournament—Neither vul. South West North East 14 l ¥ 3 4 Pass 3 N. T. Pass Pass Pass Opening—4 A 18 By WILLIAM E. McKENNEY America’s Card Authority In the world championship Mas ters pair event this year there was unquestionably the strongest field in the history of the game. Every member of the first four pairs was a Life Master. Charles J. Solomon and Sidney Silodor of Philadelphia had a comfortable lead of 35 1-2 points over the second place pair, Miss Ruth Sher man and Lee Hazen of New York. Seven points behind them were Morris Elis and Waldenmar von Zedtwitz of New York, while George Rapee and A. M. Barnes of New York finished fourth. In today’s hand Silodor found himself playing a hopeless con tract until he gave the opponents an opportunity to make a mistake. West cashed the ace, king and queen of diamonds and continued with a diamond, East discarding the four and then the deuce of spades. Silodor (South) won the fourth diamond with the jack, and the lead of the ace of clubs dis closed the bad break in that suit. Next he played the queen of clubs cashed the ace and queen of hearts, and at this point he led a small spade toward dummy. West, who was anxious to get in and cash his good diamonds, played the king—and bingo, his partner had to win with the ace. Now of course Silodor' made his contract. * * * West’s play was a careless one, but it never dawned on him that his partner had blanked down to the ace. It would have been dif ficult for him to stay off the spade, and that was what Silodor was counting on He said that a large proportion of Germans in the British zone believe that the British alone are responsible for the zone’s food shortage, “being unable after 12 years of Nazi newspaper propa ganda to believe press reports of a world food shortage.” “Another large section believes the food cuts are a purely puni tive measure, or designed to lower German efficiency. ‘They want to starve us out,’ they say. 'They don’t want to help us.’ “Stories of coffee, maize and even wheat being used as fuel in South America create a belief that Britain did not want to ship these commodities to Europe,” the of ficer said. “The Germans have yet to understand the transport prob lem created by the sinkings of hundreds of freighters by U-boats and the consequent difficulties of being able to ship coal to South America in exchange for food stuffs.” Reports of food surpluses in coun tries such as Holland and Den mark, which ordinarily supplied food to Western Germany, par ticularly the Rhur, lead Germans to say: "If only we were allowed to export we could buy tljese surpluses,” the officer said. Germans often complain, he said, that denazification is not proceeding quickly enough—“that it should be dealt with once and for all so that the zone may set tle down and come to grips with reorganization and uninterrupted reconstruction.” The Germans asserted, he said, that “the wrong weeds are being uprooted,” namely the little men, while the “big man remains at his job.” or turns it over to a son or “straw man” who was not a Nazi so that business can carry on. The survey found that few Ger mans evinced interest in politics. “The word ‘party’ is odious to them and they woulc^ rather be left alone or else told what to do,” said the report. Doctor Says RAYNAUD DISEASE COMES IN WINTEI By WILLIAM a. O’BRIEX, ^ With cooler weather just »rj., the corner, patients with j"1 naud s Disease will experience" creasing difficulty with cold f gers and toes; the more <evt cases may have had trouble ev in the summer months. 1 In Raynaud’s Disease there >, blocks in the flow of blood ;» the fingers and toes which reV from spasm of the vessels r tips of the digits may turn bK or white, depending upon the j gree of constriction. Attacks ; brought on by exposure to to’ and by emotional upsets Res usually is obtained by applicati; of heat or by waiting for the i tacks to subside. Raynaud’s Disease appeari be more common in women, ■ though it does occur in men seldom develops before pubertv, after the menopause. Although seems to run in certain fanrlie it apparently is not an inheri disease. Mild attacks of Raynaud's Di ease can occur for years withe harming the fingers and toes in extreme cases the interrupt of blood supply produces shrive ing of the ends of the fingers 5r toes and sometimes gangrene In the early stages and in mi cases, the blood vessels are nc mal except for the attacks spasm, but in '.ong-sianding casi and in the more severe varietie the blood vessels in the hands ar feet develop hardening, clots a; other degenerative changes. “White finger and toe" attacl usually start gradually. They nu affect one or both hands or fee In the early stages, only a fe fingers are affected. Attacks ■ away as suddenly as they appe' or the patient discovers that I warming his extremities he c bring back the circulation. As Raynaud’s Disease often c curs in nervous, underweight ini viduals, physicians usually pi scribe well • balanced, genero diets and plenty of rest. Patier are advised to wear heavier clot ing and to protect their hands a feet from exposure to cold. I cause tobacco constricts the bio vessels of the hands and feet a lowers the temperature of thi parts, its use is prohibited. Religion Day By Day BY WILLIAM T. ELLIS Dr. Kelley is dead. After a get eration of service to a wide regio this strong and wise and coni dence - compelling good physicii has “slippit awa.” The whole countryside gathen for the funeral, each person bea ing his own memory of Dr, Kf ley’s ministry. They heaped h coffin with beautiful home gro* flowers. There was no hysteria i grief: that is not Canada's wa Mrs. Kelley set an example, gree ing every comer as the smilii hostess she has ever been. Entirely inadequate was the pa tor’s sermon: what human won could match the eloquence of f life of this silent form, who k been everybody’s good physic:: and wise counsellor? Many those present had been brought: to the world by these strong a: gentle hands, now lying so si Others had been snatched from! clutches of death by this wiss p: sician, who, though only “a co: try doctor” had kept himself *k ed in the latest arts of the heal: profession. Like his Master, Dr. Kef ‘‘went about doing good ” By v$ and by day. in Winter's store and Summer’s heat, he traverse! wide rural area: in many, me: cases making no charge whateu Now he has received the « done” of the Great Physician. Thou has dowered our Uves. Heavenly Father, with many »« souls, friends of Thyself; and thank Thee for the blessing » I have been to us. Amen. WHY WE SAY by STAN J. COUiNt « L J StA<VWI ♦cereal4' i You eat it every morning and th< kids save the box tops—our modern Awer ! ican breakfast food secured its nanie from Ceres, goddess of the harvest.