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FORECAST ^ ^ > Served By Leased Wire* gpiBiggj fflaumtnQtiitt HormttQ mar wu^7<C—NO. 295. “* ---------- '5^— --____ WILMINGTON, N. C., MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 23, 1946 ESTABLISHED 1867 Wallace Ouster Laid To Former Chairman Dispatch Says Farley Engineered Ultima tums From Paris Ending In Dismissal; Ross Denies Call To Truman CHICAGO. Sept. 22 — (A5) — i r. Chicago Tribune, in a Paris I by Henry Wales, said :";.:av a deal was engineered” 17.Jnes A. Farley in which Sec 1‘; 0f State Byrnes and Sena 7 "Vandenberg and Connally *'■; -jitixatums” to President t-an they would resign unless ‘..'7 A. Wallace was fired, following a discussion by the 7e with Farley in Paris Thurs 7 night, Wales said, “top pri ,[.r .,vas obtained from the 7-c.i foreign office for an unin c'rupted trans-Atlantic telephone Action with Washington, and j7res, Vandenberg and Connal 7a (urn announced their de •jiBis 'to resign unless Wallace |e:e removed as secretary of sjmmerce) to Truman. '•After 45 minutes Truman to their demands.” Ha separate story from Wash jtton, the Tribune quoted Charles jHoss, White House press sec tary, as denying that Byrnes, Vandenberg and Connally tele phoned Mr. Truman Thursday. The Tribune’s Washington story added: “Ross said the orJy com munication between the president and Byrnes was a teletype ex change on Thursday. He insisted that the president did not talk with Vandenberg and Connally.” Wales said Farley, ex-postmast er general and former Democratic chieftian who arrived in Paris Thursday, “was invited by Byrnes to discuss the “intolerable situa tion” created by Wallace’s speech (at Madison Square garden, New York, the previous week.) “The meeting was held early Thursday evening at the Hotel Meurice with the two senators and James C. Dunn, Ben Cohen and Charles Bohlen, other members of the State department delegation, present. “All agreed it was impossible to See WALLACE On Page Two IflRTH CAROLINIAN IESCUE JOB HERO lander Crash Victims Com pliment Work Of Capt. Sam P. Martin GANDER, Nfld., Sept. 22—(U.R)— blast of the 18 survivors of the sash of a Belgian transAtlantic diner were evacuated by heli Mjter from the dense forest south ;est of here Sunday to conclude si of the strangest and most itcessful rescue operations ever :de:taken Even while doctors at Sir Fred at Banting hospital tended them, s tragedy almost became a ruble one when a Royal Canadian or force plane, bringing Canadian iiio correspendents here from itiifax to cover the story of the rash, crashed and burned on the way. fie crew of six and the three "respondents aboard the plane, Dakota transport, narrowly es ited. lea times today a Coast Guard leiiocopter, its rotar blades whirl sg softly, settled down on the ay plateau where a clearing had w. hacked in the tangled woods sir the crash scene. Ten times i litter carrying one of the sur iivors was lifted gingerly into the faiglass nose of the heliocopter, ad the piane took off up through retail trees. Almost as soon as it (as atrborne, the curious-looking nsgless craft landed again on the Store of a lake a short distance way where waiting PBY amphibi s planes completed shuttling the sivivors here. First Details The first closeup details of the ssh last Wednesday morning fire'revealed by Rudy Revil, 30 Mr-oid New York composer who among the eight survivors -■nliere Saturday under a priori system to bring out the most seriously injured first. Revil said the Gander airport radioed the pilot. Capt. Jean R®' that he could not land be !®e of fog and rain. ( [''e began to leave the area and ■ tr Rot know where we were go ■■?'' Revil said. ‘‘The stewardess sfrrr.ed us of the fact, but it •isn't kng afterwards that the Rjjje hit the ground. ^nhe plane began to burn almost '^mediately. Not many were able ;i ?et away I cannot seem to See CAROLINIAN on Page Two BAMBONE’S MEDITATIONS fiy Alley * 'bv <rAlN' WIN / £F r$£ LoAF(N’,MI?r/5 iX£ me WHY AIN' I 50W 5uaa?N-£/4 EF ft*- WoRK/N', hit^ WHY AIN' T POlM' ^MPV^ELSE / NAVY PLANS TAKING FIRST OF PERSONNEL FROM ICELAND TODAY WASHINGTON. Sept. 22—OJ.R)— The Navy said Sunday it will be gin withdrawing its forces from Iceland Monday under the recently announced U. S.-Iceland agreement which permits this country to use the airfield at Keflavik until the occupation of Germany is over. A War department spokesman said U. S. Army forces also wou.d be removed as soon as the State department submits a formal re quest. Under the agreement, this coun try will withdraw all its forces and turn over all airfields to the Icelandic government. It reserved th'e right to use the American built Kelfavik field as a transit point for planes coming from and going to Germany. EXCESSiVEUSE OF ALCOHOL HIT Associated Charities Report Issued By Mrs. L. 0. Ellis Here Excessive use of alchol is the major cause of broken homes and consequent juvenile delinquency in Wilmington according to Mrs. L. O. Ellis, executive secretary of Associated Charities, in the re port of her agency’s activities dur ing August issued here last night. “The sudden disappearance of husbands and fathers leaving no clue to where they have gone seems to be a never-ending prob lem that has not been solved," Mrs. Ellis reported. “The greatest of our problems with families seems to be exces sive drinking habits causing so many broken homes and out of these homes come most of our juvenile delinquent childrn.” Associated Charities spent $2. 322.44 during August, its secretary reported, in case work and differ ent financial assistance to 248 white and Negro families. Emergency Cases The agency handled a total of 170 emergency cases involving problems which included unem ployment, insufficiently compen sated employment, laek of income’ due to prison confinement of the family head, budget deficiency, and illness. Association Charities gave financial aid to 45 families, and either rejected or referred to other agencies the cases of 27 others. In all the agency gave case work services and assistance in cash grants and orders for rents, food, clothing, transportation, medcine, eye glasses, fuel, milk and other kinds of service to 170 families. Another 125 families re See EXCESSIVE On Page Two In Cabinet W. AVERELL HARRIMAN Present ambassador to the Court of St. James in London who jester, day was named by President Tru man to succeed Henry A. Wallace, resigned, as secretary of Com merce. No announcement was forthcoming from the White House as to when he will take office. JUNIOR COLLEGE CENTER OPENING Registration Gets Under Way In High School At 4 p. m. Today Close to 260 local high school graduates, the great majority of them World War II veterans, will assemble in the New Hanover High school cafeteria at 4 p. m. today for registration as students in the local branch of the University of North Carolina, according to an announcement yesterday by Dale Spencer, director of the local branch. Any applicant who can show a high school diploma or a letter of admission from the state univer sity will be admitted as a student in the local college center, Spen cer said. The opening day will be chiefly occupied with registration and placement tests. At 4 p. m. Tues day the prospective student body will meet again in the high school auditorium for further examina tions. Directors of the center will present the students with their programs in the auditorium at 4 p. m. Wednesday. College classes will begin Thurs day afternoon. Final plans for instruction were drawn up by the college faculty at a meeting with officials of the University of North Carolina at Goldsboro Saturday, Spencer re ported. Kequired courses The college director said that the freshman curriculum for the first two quarters will include re quired courses in English and the social sciences. The first quarter’s English course will be occupied with com position and theme-writing, the second with methods of correct reading. Textbook for the first quarter’s instruction in social science will be Shotwell and Robinson's History of Europe, Spencer said. Applicants will not be required to bring their registration and tui tion fees to today’s session. The federal government will provide fees for veterans under the GI bill of rights; for other students, the registration fee will be $5 per quarter and tuitian $60 per quar ter. New Demands WASHINGTON, Sept. 22.— (TP) — The U. S. Chamber of Commerce reported Sunday “a new wave of insistent demands for abolition of OPA.” A Chamber statement ascribed this to OPA operations in meat, ef forts to roll back restaurant prices on meals with meat, and a call for return of control over dairy pro ducts. “OPA efforts to frustrate the workings of supply and demand in the open market are paying off in an artificial cycle of feast and famine in meat. Disruption of the huge packing industry and the clos ing of thousands of butcher shops,” the statement said. Today and Tomorrow By WALTER LIPPMANN At Zurich the world has heard once again, and in all its deep sagicity and penetration and grandeur, the voice of Winston Churchill. He will not be heard truly at once above what he call ed “the babel of voices ’ among the victors. It will take longer stiU for his proposals to be accepted by statesmen who, lacking his great conception of how peace is to be made, have taken positions which they are afraid to change, who like men clinging to a ledge of rock, dare not move, or even let any one speak to them, for fear of falling into the abyss Yet Mr. Churchill was address ing them and he has, I believe, showed them the way up toward the broad and solid ground. * * * The first reactions from the capitals, even the first news re ports, do not take sufficiently into account the central and control ling principle of Mr. Churchill’s address. His words about the unity of Europe, about a partnership be tween France and Germany, about an end to retribution and for a blessed act of oblicion, do not See L1PPMANN on Page Eight Truman Picks HarrimanFor Wallacj^ >At Ambassa'^.s n Will P t^ APPOi, I Ousted Cabinet Member Joins Chorus Of Favor able Comment WASHINGTON, Sept. 22— (A5) — President Truman Sun day selected W. Averell Harri man, mutual friend of Britain and Russia, to be the new secretary of commerce. In picking Harriman, now am bassador to London, and formerly to Moscow, he also got a combina tion of big businessman and long time new dealer to succeed the ousted Henry A. Wallace. ±ne intent was odvious—to sootne both the Democratic political wounds and the foreign affairs abrasions arising out of the Wal lace break with the administration over Russian policy. Early reaction to the selection of the 54-year-old multi-millionaire was favorable, with Wallace him self joining in the chorus. Through an aide Wallace author ized this quotation: ‘‘I am sure that this appointment will be received with the greatest enthusiasm by the business com munity.” Senator Lucas of Illinois, chair man of the Democratic Senatorial campaign committee, led off on Capitol Hill with this: ‘‘I personally know Mr. Harri man and have the highest regard for his industry, business ability and patriotism. It is an admirable appointment because of his wide knowledge of domestic and foreign affairs.” No Statement Only the bare announcement of the selection came from the White House. Eben Ayres of the Presi dential press secretari_t merely telephoned the news wire services that Mr. Truman would make the appointment. The President him See TRUMAN on Page Two EMORY, CARTIER AIDING IN DRIVE To Direct Mechanics Of Community Chest Cam paign Starting Oct. 15 H. R. Emory, executive director of the Wilmington Housing author ity, and Walter J. Cartier, secre tary of the Wrightsville Beach Chamber of Commerce, were de signated last night to direct two committees whose chief concern will be mechanical aspects of the city’s $106,204 Community Chest campaign. Louis E. Woodbury, Jr., general Chest campaign chairman, named Cartier to head the arrangements cpmmittee which will direct the kick-off meeting for Chest work ers Tuesday, Oct. 15, and the three report meetings, which are sched uled for Oct. 21, 23 and 25. Cartier is the former secretary of the Wilmington Chamber of Commerce, a director of the Ro tary club, and secretary of the Southeastern North Carolina Beach association. Emory will serve as chairman of the campaign information com mittee. He is a member of the Kiwanis club, a former local news paper executive, and the legislative chairman of the National Public | Housing conference. BRITISH MARINES, REFUGEES BATTLE 12-HOURS ON SHIP; INDONESIANS WIN AUTHORITY ___i -- Dutch Leader To Sign Pact Natives Say “De Facto” Rule Over 57 Millions In Java, Suma tra Breaks Deadlock GOVERNMENTDENIAL Batavia Official Insists Commission Has Recog nized Plea Of Nation BATAVIA, Java, Sept. 22. — (UP) — The Anglo-Dutch 2ommission seeking a peace formula for the Netherlands East Indies has recognized In donesian “de facto authority” over 57,000,000 natives in Java and Sumatra, breaking a four-month deadlock in nego tiations, a high Indonesian of ficial said Sunday. A Dutch government communi que immediately described this re port as "a pure fabrication,” but the Indonesian official insisted it was true and would be borne out when formal negotiations are re sumed. He said the Dutch were "cha grined” over the leak in prelimin ary negotiations and issued the denial "for strategic reasons.” Tne official said Lt.-Governor General Hubertus Van Mook agreed to sign a pact with the heretofore unrecognized Indonesian republic, instead of issuing a protocol. Negotiations broke down last June when the Dutch insisted upon a protocol rather than a treaty. Confirms Stand The Indonesian source confirmed the new Dutch stand, but said any conclusions regarding Indonesian independence would be "prema ture.” "We fear the Dutch interpreta tion of ’de facto authority’ does not coincide with ours,” the source said. He said the Dutch merely may be recognizing the Indonesian govern See DUTCH On Page Two The Weather — FORECAST: North Carolina and South Carolina— Considerable cloudiness with moderate temperatures and scattered showers and thunderstorms Monday and Tuesday, fol lowed by clearing and cooler west and north portions Tuesday afternoon. (Eastern Standard Time) (By U. S. Weather Bureau) Meteorological data for the 24 hours ending 7:30 p. m. yesterday: Temperatures 1:30 a. m. 73; 7:30 a. mb. 72; 1:30 p. m. 81; 7:30 p. m. 78. Maximum 83; min imum 71; mean 75; normal 72. Humidity 1:30 a. m. 98; 7:30 a. m. 95; 1:30 p. m. 71; 7:30 p. m. 98. Precipitation Total for 24 hours ending 7:30 p. m., 0.03 inches. Total since the first of the month, 10.80 inches. TIDES FOR TODAY (From the Tide Tables published by U. S. Coast and Geodetic Survey). ■ , Hish i.ow Wilmington - 8.07 a.m. 2:48 a.m 8:36 p.m. 3:03 p.m.’ Masonboro Inlet 6:05 a.m. 11:57 a.m 6:28 p.m. 12.10 p.m.’ Sunrist 6:01; sunset 6:08: moonrise 4:02 a. m.; moonset 5:39 p. m. River Stage at Fayetteville, N. C., at 8 a. m., (blank) feet. Along The Cape Fear BY LARRY HIRSCH CAPE FEAR MASCOT — Every organization needs a mascot, and although ALONG THE CAPE FEAR isn’t exactly what you might call an organization, we need a mascot worse perhaps than a*'tight ly-knit group like the U. S. Army, which has a mule, or like the Soviet Union, which has Joe Stalin. Our need stems from the fact that in our flounderings into Cape Fear history we often could ute something substantial to hold onto to keep our head from going under. Now what, we ask you, could be more substantial than that big ship pictured on Page Three of today’s paper? And what, too, could be more appropriate, consideilng that the ship’s name is S. S. Cape Fear? * » * SUBSTANTIAL MEMORY — Of course the S. S. Cape Fear prob. ably isn’t in existence any more, seeing as how it was built during World War I. But just the memory of it should be substantial enough for our purposes. After all, it was made of con crete, which you know is a pretty substantial substance if you have worn out as many shoes on it as we have. Further, the S. S. Cape Fear made Cape Fear history, the topic which is right down our shaft alley, speaking in genuine ship term inology. The chances are, though, that this history has been forgot ten. So, to remedy this defect and get our mascot launched again in the full glory of yesteryear, we’ll crawl down into the trigger pit right now. * * * NO SOCIAL TEA — We don’t know what day, month, or even year it was, but the First World War was raging, and the United States of America needed some merchant ships worse, actually, than we need a mascot. To ease See CAPE FEAR on Page Two Back To Their Three R’s \ Arriving before fhe Galveston, Tex., public school doors opened, the famous Badgett quadruplets sit waiting to greet their teacher who, as usual, will try as best as she can to tell one from the other. In fact, during an entire school term Joan, Jeraldine, Jeanette and Joyce (shown 1. to r.) continue to puzzle their teacher. All four are in the second grade and have “better than average” intelligence scores. Gypsies Of Nation Mourning At Bier Of Beloved Queen PHILADELPHIA, Sept. 22—MP)— Gypsies from across the nation gathered here Sunday night, their colorful costumes replaced by somber black, their gay chatter stilled in the presence of death. They came to pay final tribute to their dead Queen Marta, 44 year-old wife of George Evans, king of the Evans tribe, one of the largest and best-known Gypsy groups in America. Queen Marta lay in state in a candle-lit mahagony coffin at a funeral home where some 30 families, adults and children, sat quietly or talked in whispers ■ be fore Russian Orthodox memorial services. Burial will be Monday in a Linden, N J., cemetery. RAINFALL NEARING NEW RECORD HERE Only Five Of Past 69 Years Exceed Precipitation Since January Wilmington’s railfall for 1946 may submerge a 69-year-old an nual rainfall record set in 1877, it was revealed yesterday by official rainfall figures released by Paul Hess, chief of the local U. S. Weather bureau. Here is the complete inside story as disclosed by Hess: As of 7 p. m. last night, 61.18 inches of rain had fallen on the Port City since January 1. In only five other years has the total annual rainfall exceeded the mark of 61.18 inches registered so far this year in less than nine months. The years and their rainfall marks are as follows: 1876 — 66.73 inches. 1877 — 83.65 inches (the highest ever recorded by the local weather bureau, which was established in 1871). 1883 — 64.00 inches. 1884 — 62.70 inches. 1945 — 63.95 inches. With over three months left in 1946, Hess hazarded that the year’s railfall, already well over See RAINFALL On Page Two COMMISSIONERS PLAN INSPECTION Carolina Beach To Present Recommendation To Check Floods Carolina Beach’s civic leaders will present a series of recommen dations for alleviating future floods at the resort town to the members of the New Hanover county board of commissioners when they in spect the still rampaging after math of last Wednesday’s rains to morrow afternoon, state assembly man-elect R. M. Kermon said last night. The county board may expect to see as the rain's residue a two mile long lake stretching from Cumber’s cottage to Salisbury street. Despite a recession of some two feet over the week-end, Ker mon reported this afternoon, the flood waters are still three feet deep in some places. The Carolina Beach administra tion, in company with Kermon, toured the flooded area Saturday to frame a set of recommenda tions for county action. Mayor W. G. Fountain; town commissioners T. A. Croom, Don ald Dick and Gene Reynolds, G. A. Lilies and representatives of the resort’s engineering department made the inspection tour. Kermon said last night that they had seen nothing that would in cline them to lower their original flood damage estimate of $75,000. Huntsmen Fail ■ OQUAWKA, 111., Sept. 22 —(JPh A band of 150 armed men beat the bushes over a wooded area three miles square Sunday in a futile effort to locate the ‘‘myster. ious, cat-like beasts” which have terrorized this village of 800 ir recent days. The huntsmen, accompanied by a dozen assorted bird dogs and coon hounds, found no trace of the animals. ’Three airplanes flew low over the densley timbered tract ir which the beasts were believed to have their lair. This effort also failed to bring the animals into the open. SPOTLIGHT ON Committee To Open Probe On Electronics Disposal WASHINGTON, Sept. 22.— (IP)— The House committee on surplus property disposal calls upon the upper echelons of the War Assets administration Monday to explain why unneeded electronics equip ment has failed to move to the proper people, and why its costs are excessive. The committee, delving into the disposal of surplus radios, radar and communications equipment, apens a two-weeks hearing that nay branch off into an investiga :ion of why educational institutions aave been unable to obtain elec ;ronics equipment. It wants to know, according to Chairman Roger C. Slaughter, D., Mo., and Chief Counsel Hugh Wise, what has bogged down the disposal program so far as electronics is concerned. “There is evidence of improprie ties and irregularities by WAA employes in the disposal of elec tronics equipment,’’ Wise said, ad ding that the committee would seek to find out where the blame could be assessed. Meantime, a Senate Surplus Property subcommittee of the Military Affairs committee de manded a sweeping overhaul of See COMMITTEE On Page Two Many Injured In Desperate Jewish Stand _ _ f Soldiers Use Guns, Smoke Gas, High Pressure Hoses To Quell Foe CONDITIONS “SMELL” 900 Men, Women, Children Without Water For Over Four Days > JERUSALEM, Pale stine, Sept. 22. — (UP) — One Jew was shot to death and eight wounded so severely they had to be hospitalized Sunday when British marines fought their way aboard the blockade runner Palmach off the Pales tine coast against the desper ate resistance of 900 illegal Jewish immigrants. Several marines also were in jured in a 12-hour battle'that raged on the decks and in the hold of the refugee ship before the last of the desperately lighting refugees were subjugated. The marines used guns, smoke gas and high pressure hoses as their weapons while refugees fought back with a shower of gar bage, buckets, luggage and heavy ship’s tackle. conditions aDoara tne caimacn, named after the striking force of the Jewish underground army, were described as horrible. The ship was filthy and unbelievably crowded and the refugees, includ ing 15 expectant mothers, had been without water for the last four days of their 12-day voyage to the Holy Land. The British minesweeper Kowena caught the Palmach trying to run the blockade just after midnight. It was intercepted off the Nakura Coast guard station on the Pales tine-Lebanon border. Engines Destroyed The master of the Rowens order ed the Palmach to proceed to Cyprus, to which all illegal im migrants who trrived since Aug ust 12 have been deported. The Jews destroyed the Palmach's en gines. Marines were then summoned and they warned the refugees in See INJURED on Page Two PiOADBARRlCADES COME OFF TODAY City Engineer Expects To Have Flood Repairs Com pleted By Night The City Engineering department will have all but one of its post flood street barricades lifted by to night, City Engineer J. A. Loughlin said yesterday. Thirteenth Street near Lee Drive will remain closed for the undeter mined period that will be required to restore the bridge washed out there, he asserted. With his department’s two grad ers scheduled to go into operation early today, Loughlin still has the job of repairing five minor wash outs, most of them not serious enough to require the presence of anything more than a warning sign. Minor washouts are still unre paired at: Eleventh Street between Dock and Orange. McCrae and Fanning Streets. Adams Street between Carolina and Northern Boulevard. Pine Crest at Carolina Boulevard. Forest Hills Drive at the schooV house. And So To Bed There’s one thing yon oan say for women—they’re tops at mathematics. The other day a woman flagged down a taxicab at 17th and castle streets. “How much is the fare into town?” she asked the driver. “Fifty cents,” he answered. “Oh, isn’t that a splendid coincidence,” she beamed. "I have only a quarter and I just want to go half way anyway.,