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P. O. money order. The Star-News can not be responsible for currency sent through the mails. MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS AND ALSO SERVED BY THE UNITED PRESS MONDAY, NOVEMBER 25, 1946 TOP O’ THE MORNING Amidst the storm they sang, Ar*1 the stars heard and the sea, And the sounding aisles of the dim woods rang With the anthem of the free. —Landing of the Pilgrims Foresees Depression Paul G. Hoffman, president of Stude baker, urges action now to prevent na tional depression. Addressing the annua! luncheon of the Automobile Old Timers at New York, Mr. Hoffman warned that peril threatens the United States if it continues to await a “disastrous busi ness collapse.” He had recently returned from travels in England, France, Switzer land, Belgium and Holland. Every where he went the first question, he declared, was when, “in my opinion the next big American depression would get under way.” And he added, “Every one seemed to take it for granted it was bound to happen, the question merely being when.” In the customary course of events, depressions follow inflation. It would seem, then, that the present need is for a national program to stop the exist ing inflationary spiral. Mr. Hoffman is right in warning that peril threatens the country as long as no remedy is ad ministered to spur action against an inevitable depression. What the remedy should be is not for the layman to say. But it is probable that legislation to curb exhorbitant labor wage demands and the restora tion of free enterprise would help. Mr. Murray’s Decision By declaring war on American cor porations and making peace with the Communists in his family of unions CIO President Philip Murray has set a course which may prove a perilous one, both for the country and for the CIO itself. Mr. Murray’s action may seem strange in view of his well-known per sonal distaste for communism. But ap parently he prefers to take the chance on controlling the Reds within his ranks and pacifying the anti-Communist CIO officials who want a showdown rather than risk a temporary disruption with in the CIO and a possible loss of mem bership. The CIO convention’s toothless^ namby-pamby resolution, to the effect that the delegates “resent and reject” Communist interference, is meaningless. Indeed, it . is a wry joke, since the six-man committee which prepared the document included one admitted Com munist and two others who have been accused of membership by persons un der oath. With that pious resolution out of the way, Mr. Murray turned the full force of his wrath on the “staggering profits” of corporations, which he estimates at $15,000,000,000. He called these profits a greater threat than communism. Mr. Murray has refused to throw the Communists out and chance the breakup of some of his unions through an ob vious disinclination to sacrifice power in the coming struggle. But the Com munists are out for power, too, though for different ends. Mr. Murray will be an extremely wise and lucky man if the Communists don’t succeed in break ing up some of his unions for him—but good. Lewis’ Ninth Strike John L. Lewis, president of the United Mine Workers, goes into court today to answer a contempt citation charging that he failed to withdraw his strike order wnen instructed to do so by the government. While this hear-: ing is under way, twenty-one states have been told to observe the “brown out” as employed during the war, gov ernors of all states have been told to conserve the dwindling supplies of coal in their separate jurisdictions and President Truman, back from his Florida junket, contemplates calling a nonparti san conference to determine what steps should be taken to get the miners back to work in the pits. In the meantime it is appropriate to search out the seasons for Lewis’ decision to call a mid-winter strike, with all its accompanying suffering for private and industrial consumers. Be cause John L. Lewis is obsessed with the ambition to be rated chief of all labor leaders and dictator to the gov ernment may well be considered one of his reasons—probably his first reason. Another is that a showdown on the Krug-Lewis agreement, under which the government has been operating the mines since May, was inevitable sooner or later, and Lewis obviously believed he had a better chance of winning be fore the new Congress assembles in January, when labor legislation drafted to control or to prevent just such situa tions as he has now created, would be rushed through by the republican ma jority. Lewis doubtless believes this the last chance he will have to use the Tru man administration to gain his ob jective. We may conclude then, that he call ed the strike to satisfy his lust for more power and secondarily to have a showdown with the government while his existing power is unimpaired. That hundreds of thousands, perhaps mil lions, of workers will be idle and thou sands of individuals subjected to ill ness because they cannot heat their homes means nothing to this man. He has failed to take into considera tion that whatever the nation’s de pendency upon coal has been in the past, coal is not the only fuel available, and as a result of his repeated strike calls he is driving industry, hotels, apartments and better-fixed home owners to install oil burners. One mid west railroad executive puts it in a nut shell when he says: “John L. Lewis is the best salesman for oil-burning diesel locomotives this industry has ever seen.” A prominent Chicago real estate operator says “most large apartment houses are going to convert to oil as soon as they can get equipment.” “Peo ple can’t depend on coal,” says the secre tary-treasurer of the Oil Heat Institute of America-^“it’s a mighty sick indus try.” Quoting,from a survey by the Wall Street Journal— The Philadelphia Electric Co. dias changed over two of its six plants from coal to oil within recent weeks, anticipating trouble ahead in the coal fields. It plans to convert to oil at another, and a fourth—at Conowingo —is already hydro-electric. The majority of Philadelphia’s industrial plants depend on this utility for electricity to power their machines and assembly lines. In the same city, two of the largest laundries switched to oil shortly after the springtime coal strike. “No more dependence on coal for us,” says an executive, of one of these. “That last experience was enough. It took two weeks after the last strike ended to straighten out our delivery schedules.” Four other Philadelphia laundries are now talk ing, of a changeover in their iuel. This sentiment seems nation-wide. Harry Gilbert, president of the Boston Real Estate Board, says there's no question the coal field crisis is making apartment house owners think more of switching to oil. In Cleveland, K. L. Bliss, properties manager of the Cleveland Securities Corp.. says he completed conversion of the Commodore and Alcazar hotels last week to oil. ‘T've had enough of Mr. Lewis,” he de clared grimly. “When they raise the price of my coal from about $3.25 to about $8.40 a ton that’s the place to stop. His own recent conversions at these and other properties cuts nearly 4,000 tons a year from the coal busi ness, and he plans to convert 40 apartment houses “just as soon as materials loosen up.” In five years John L. Lewis has called his miners out eight times on strike. Seven times he was appeased by President Roosevelt (three of them in the midst of desperate combat) and last May by President Truman. If the United States government surrenders again, on this ninth occasion, Lewis will have gained his objective. What that would mean can only be tremblingly surmised. Owners Strike We can imagine the emotions of the Quonset-hut dwellers, the mother-in law guests, and all the thousands of harried, homeless, hopeless house-hunt ers when they read that 300,000 rental units stand vacant today in what threatens to become a nationwide prop erty owners’ strike. This edifying bit of news came from the National Apartment Owners Ass’n convention in Oklahoma City. The benevolent delegates didn’t suggest evicting tenants, but they urged that when units become vacant they be lock ed and kept vacant. One speaker was quoted as saying, “The only way we can get back control of our property which has been confis cated by the OA is to fight ahd fight hard.” So some owners proposed to fight by starting a “strike” which would infuriate an already impatient public, perhaps cause violence and property damage and, of course, leave the OPA entirely untouched. Voting In Shadow By ARTHUR KROCK WASHINGTON, Nov. 24—The combination between the Latin American and the Arab states in the General Assembly of the United 1 Nations, which, in the opinion of the best re porters on the ground, has made even less likely real modification of the veto power of the permanent members of the U. N. Security Council, proceeds logically from primary causes. This was foreseen before and during the San Francisco conference last year by some who helped to draft the U. N. Charter, end current consequence at Flushing Meadow seemed to them foreshadowed in the vote at that conference .on the admission of Argen tina. it win De recauea uiat soviet nussia nrst opposed the motion to admit and then asked for a breathing spell before the vote was taken. On orders from Washington, redeeming an implicit pledge made previously at Chapulte pec by the same orders, the American delega tion formed a combination with Latin Ameri can and other states in favor of the motion. Soviet Russia’s two attempts were defeated, and though the Kremlin later entered into a compact with Argentina, which it had de nounced at San Francisco as "fascist,” the bloc idea was permenantly founded in U. N. practice. At one of the conferences being held in Princeton University to mark its bicentennial year, Dr. Isaiah Bowman recently made this history the subject of a very remarkable paper. He was drafted early by Secretary Hull to assist the State Department in preparing what eventually became the U. N. Charter. Some extracts from his Princeton paper are especially timely now. Pointing out that the Soviet Union at San Francisco declined “to merge its plan for the concrete and immediate control of Germany into a general plan and control by an untried world organization,” but preferred instead to make treaties on the subject with Great Brit ain. Czechoslovakia and France, Dr. Bowman said: San Francisco also revealed abruptly what the Soviet Union might expect in the future from Latin America, where church and state leaders alike have come to fear communism as an unexpected epidemic in tne disorder oc post-war reconstruction. The vote on Argentina threw a long shadow before it. If the Soviet Union sought ad vantage in the Western Hemisphere, it was a stupid mistake to enlarge communis tic activity so extravagantly in Latin America during the war years. Too many outspoken leaders of Latin America witnessing Soviet implacability toward other systems, Soviet participation in world organization seems a hollow mockery. It became all too obvious that Germany was but the immediate enemy of the Soviet Union and that the roster of enemies included all non-Soviet govern ments throughout the world. Stalin’s speech of Feb. 9, 1946. only confirmed explicitly what Soviet actions had so long and clear ly implied. The troubles of Soviet origin in the Near East, subsequent to San Francisco and grow ing out of Russia’s determination to carry out its own plan for security, explain the bloc comity at Flushing Meadow between the Arab states and Latin America. Dr. Bowman went on to tell his Prince ton audience that, whenever the Soviets could find new ways to enlarge their original pur pose, they sought to achieve them. As exam ples he cited the use of the Economic and Social Council and the Trusteeship Council of the U. N. to propagate communism and attack capitalism. “A controlled press at home,” said Dr. Bowman, “despite the spor adic exceptions that dissemble its true policy, gives the Soviet government an unparrelled advantage in a game which it insists on play ing with loaded dice.” Dr. Bowman made these further observa tions: Two incompatible systems have locked horns. But that was not necessary. We made the first advances toward world cooperation, and the United States saw “no final difficulty in liv ing side by side with another system.” What has driven the Soviet leaders to such extremes? Is it the fear of an internal col lapse? Whatever the reason, it appears that the Soviet leaders are saying there can be no world peace unless the world is first con verted to communism. In diplomacy and in the press" success is claimed when immediate objectives are won. Thus “the superficial agreement and the friend- J ly exchanges that represent good manners merely” are hailed as triumphs .But this over looks "massive and fundamental facts of a nation’s life.” One of these is the Soviet bloc “and its screen at home is the charge of an Anglo-American bloc,” for the moment diverted by the presence of a very real Latin Arrjerican-Arab bloc at Flushing Meadow. .. needs of war and self-preservation force me Western allies to permit "two totalitarians’’ I? be combined into one, ‘conceivably more powerful than either had been before.” We - L HOW ABOUT NEXT YEAR'S CROP? _ '"t c * Oregon Cranberry Growers Inventing Machines To Speed Old Hand Harvest By GORDON G. MACNAB Associated Press Staff Writer COOS BAY, Ore., Nov. 24—(JP)— Those cranberries for your Thanks giving turkey may have been gath ered from the bogs a handful at a time in the ancient harvest method—but a score of mechanical picker ideas annually are making that less likely. Here in the Southwestern Oregon cranberry bogs, gradually moving into increasing importance in the industry, ideas for eliminating the back-bending task of picking the berries by hand are sprouting all over. One group of growers still be lieves that hand picking the ber ries which grow on ground-hugging vines, is the cleanest and most de pendable method. But on the other side, in growing numbers, are those who want to speed the pro cess. Their ways are nearly as numerous as the individuals. On the simpler sicre are the rak Religion Day By Day BY WILLIAM T. ELLIS ‘ALL RIGHT FOR ITS DAY’ Kipling’s phrase, 'The brittle intellectuals who crack beneath a strain,” often re curs to my mind as 1 hear or read the outgivings of extreme “liber als” in this day of confusion. Re cently a level-headed friend told me that a certain eminent ecclesi astical official had said to him, "The Bible was all right in its day” — assuming that its day has pass ed. As an ordinary newspaper man, I am amazed at such a statement. Vly trade .is recording and interpre ting facts: I cannot understand how any intelligent man can say so ab surd a thing. Doesn’t he read the papers, to learn of the unprece dented sale of million upon millions >f copies of Scripture, during and since the war? Has he missed the significance of the report that the generalissimo of China, Chiang Kia-Shek, has lately completed his self-imposed task of editor in chief Df the new translation into Chinese >f the New Testament and Psalms? Is this salaried official unaware that on December 8, Universal Bible Sunday, tens of thousands of pulpits will resound with sermons upon this old Book, whose “day” is forever the present? Can he have missed, in his reading, the testi mony of leaders of men around the ivorld, that only the teachings of the Bible can save society from its present perils? “Isms” of the "intellectuals” :ome and go, but the Bible stands, i rock that cannot be removed. Thy Word Is from everlasting to everlasting, O God; and we would nake it the light of our lives. Amen. must face the consequences. Per haps the U. N. will be obliged to lo without Russia, and it can have i “substantial success” in that :orm. But the condition that evokes mention of such an alternative makes even idler the talk of those vho call for a “true world gov ■rnment” as a substitute for the J. N. —New York Times. ing methods. Where the bogs can be flooded, the cranberries may be raked loose from the vines, then scooped up as they float to the McKENNEY On BRIDGE Gltak + K 108 74 V A2 ♦ 8754 + A4 ♦ AJ953 ♦ 543 ♦ AB + 965 + Q2 VKQJ97 ♦ KQ6 + KQ2 Rubber—E.-W. vul. South West North East IV 1 + Double Pass Opening—♦ A. 25 By WILLIAM E. McKENNEY America’s Card Authority Written for NEA Service Many fine players of the South will participate in the forth coming national championships tournament at • the Hollywood Beach Hotel, Hollywood, Fla., De<^. 8 to 15. Some of them are rubber bridge players and do not favor the light overcalls that are made by tournament players. At rubber bridge you can lose all the points you won for an evening on one bad overcall, while in tournament bridge all it can give you is a botton score on that particular hand. For a good overcall most of the better pl*yers want to have a trick and a half or better in high cards, and either a good four card suit or a five-card suit. Even then a hand will sometimes go wrong, as today’s hand did. Jeff Glick of Miami, one of the hard-working members of the na tional tournament committee, lost no time in doubling when West made his light overcall — and West was able to take only two tricks. When Glick’s opening heart lead held, he continued with the deuce and South won with the jack of hearts. The king of hearts was cashed, Glick discarded a dia mond. Then South shifted to the small trump. Declarer finessed the nine spot and Flick won with the ten. He led a diamond which West won with the ace, and the nine o* diamonds was led, South’s king winning. The queen of hearts was led, West ruffed with the three of spades and Glick over-ruffed with the four. Now three rounds of clubs were cashed, South winning the last one and playing the queen of trumps, which West won—his second and [ast trick, down 1400 points. • * * The point which this hand proves is that light overcalls are rot profitable in rubber bridge, rhey may work three or four ;imes, but the one that goes vrong will lose more than the other three or four gained. 4 surface. Where they cannot be flooded, dry raking may be employ ed. Both require some cleaning process to eliminate foreign mat ter. More complex is a mechanical picker developed by Joe and Matt Stankavich of Bandon. Thin alumi num prongs lift the berries from the vines and a ridged, rubberized canvas belt sweeps them back into a box. One man, they say, can pick 60 boxes an hour with their machine. A hand-picker averages some 10 boxes a day. Taking a still different approach, Harry May, school teacher, and Lewis McGeorge, retired sand and gravel dealer, developed a suction picker for their bog at North End. Two large suction hoses are run over the vines and the suction pulls the berries loose and carries them into a collecton box which has a cleaning baffle modeled on a grain cleaning device. The whole affair is mounted on a standard rubber-tired farm wagon. Two men, tney gay can gather as much as could 10 hand pickers. Growers, plagued throughout the war by a shortage of pickers, have encouraged those with mechanical picker ideas and are experiment ing with other ideas of their own. Just how extensive a hold ma chines will take on the harvest remains to be seen, but at the present rate it soon won’t be a safe bet that the old ways gathered the age-old sauce for the holiday fowl. Star Dust Lesser Evil "Madam, what do you mean by letting your child snatch off my wig?” “Sir, if it is just a wig, think nothing of it. I was afraid that the little devil had scalped you.” No Competition At a literary dinner. J. B. Priest ley, the English novelist, made the Doctor Says— NO BASIS IN FACT FOR SUPERSTITION Since it is not possible to a baby by frightening the mother before birth, why does that old superstition persist1 The most likely reason is that parents and friends, in searching for something which might 5C, count for a baby’s abnormal, seizj upon and magnify some perfectly innocent prenatal incident. Birthmarks and other deformi ties which are present at birth can be explained on perfectly natural grounds. A common tale is the one about the “strawberry” mark, which many mothers believe is caused by the mother’s having crushed a strawberry on her skin during her pregnancy. When the tissues of the “strawberry” mark are examined under the microscope, they are found to consist of blood vessels and to bear not the slightest re semblance to the cellular structure of a strawberry. Many of the frights and scares which the mother may reason caused her child’s deformity oc cured long after she became preg. nant, at a time when the baby was completely formed. The idea of maternal impres sions is held by people everywhere, and superstitious "cures” for birth marks abound in the folklore ot every country. The Bureau of Health Education of the American Medical Association reports that questions about birthmarks are among the commonest it receives. Many lnianxs are mauormed as a result from illness in the mother during pregnancy. If the mother acquires German measles in the first two months of pregnancy, the virus may cause an infection which will produce in the developing in fant such difficulties as cataracts, heart trouble, and mental retarda tion. Difference in the parents’ Wool groups are sometimes the cause of the difficulty. More often, however, the cause is the fact that the mother received a transfusion of incompatible blood before she became pregnant. This form of difficulty in the baby car. largely be prevented by matching blood-types before a transfusion is given, and by giving transfus ions to th; infant after birth. Infants are often malformed as the result of infectious diseases of various sorts which they ac quire from their environment, The majority Oi miscarriages in which the embryo can be identified show malformation. Apparently, this is nature's way of getting rid of an undesirable conception. In the majority of instances where infants are born with birth marks or other malformations, the birth is normal end the parents have no hereditary defects which have been passed on to the off spring. QUESTION: In what form c! use is the greatest amount of nico tine absorbed from tobacco? ANSWER: From snuffing. Chew ing is next, and smoking is last. Of the various forms of smokies there is least absorption from the use of cigarets. acquaintance of a young writer who announced with obvious pride and delight that he had just been voted by the newspapers the hand somest poet in London. “Congratulations, young mar." said Priestley. "It may interest you to know that I voted for you/ “But you had never seen me/' Priestley laughed. "That’s right,” he replied, "but I’d seen all the others.” Page One Rabbit ( Amateur magic is boring at bef it’s tricks of a trade misbegotten: Especially when everyone's taking a turn And the one that I knew forgotten. —Merle BeynW WHY WE SAY by STAN J. COILINS i l J SLAWSCT* ^BITTER END Bitter End in its modern sense refers to the extreme limit. It was originally a nautical term referring to the cable of a ship which is let out when it rides, rides at anchor. The bitter end being that portion remaining on deck which • is secured to the bitts. - thus bitter end.