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VOL. 80.—NO. 73. 8 . WILMINGTON, N. C., WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 8, 1947 * ESTABLISHED 1867 Accepts TB Bond Sale Check Seen above is Emmett Bellamy, left, president of the New Han over County Tuberculosis and Health association, receiving a check which represents the Wilmington Junior Chamber of Commerce ef forts in the recent campaign, from Paul Killian, who headed the TB Bond sale drive for the local civic organization. The presentation was made last night during the meeting of the Junior Chamber. (PHOTO BY CAROLINA CAMERA)_“ JUNIOR CHAMBER LAUDED FOR WORK Emmett Bellamy Accepts Club’s Returns From Re cent TB Bond Sales The Junior Chamber of Com merce last night presented a check for $3,770 to the New Hanover County Tuberculosis and Health association, the amount realized from the recent tuberculosis bond sale drive. Emmett Bellamy, president of the county association, in accept ing the check, and expressing ap preciation for the work done by the Jaycees, stated that “This year’s goal of $10,000 was higher than any set previously, and that approximately $9,000 had been raised thus far.” He also stated that civic clubs had raised more than one-third of (hat amount. The goal is expected to be reached in the near future, he added. Bellamy stated that it ic his hope, that Wilmington will become a health center. Present plans for expansion include a tuberculosis sanitorium, which the county as sociation expects to build here within a few years, he said. Three candidates took oaft of membership during last night s meeting. They were Cecil Sandifer, Donald Edmundson, and J. C. Whedbee. Visitors at the meeting were Bert Hawley, Cecil Lee, Charles Both, Richard Woods, Emmett (Continued on Page 2, Col. 2) AUTHORITY MAY SEEK STATE ACT Talk Of Enabling Law Ex pected At Airport Board Meeting Discussion centering about ef forts to have an enabling act grant ing clearly defined power to the Wilmington-New Hanover Airport authority passed by the legislature is slated for the Monday meeting of the city-county authority, it was learned last night. Planning of the tentative schedule follows closely on the heels of a meeting of the board yesterday at which time it was disclosed that disagreement over powers of the board existed between the body and the county commissioners. The rift became apparent when air board members protested against having to contact the coun ty before raising the salary of Blue thentha] airfield employes. A suggestion that the air authori (Continued on Page 2, Col. 3) MBONE’S MEDITATIONS By Alley I £A!N' think o' no NEW REDUCTIONS TO MEK PIS SEAH AN'ALL M/vH OLE ONES IS pone vvo' out !!! DONALD R. RICHBERG FEARS “CIVIL WAR” OVER LABOR POWERS PHILADELPHIA, Jan. 7-W — Donald R. Richberg, former administrator for the national Recovery administration, de clared Tuesday that labor unions may throw the United States into “a civil war for the preservation of our free economy and our institutions of self government. The onetime leading New Dealer told The Poor Richard club that legislation which is “compulsory, punitive and drastic” is needed to curb' ir responsible labor unions. He declared he was “sincere ly fearful of legislation against labor unions that will strip them of a desirable ability to maintain and advance the in terests of industrial workers. “But unless the gigantic powers of labor laders are cut down and the unions and their officials compelled to sub ordinate private interests to the public interest we shall be driven deeper and deeper into a political war.” COUNCIL PLANS ANNUAL MEETING Community Organization To Elect Officers Here Next Tuesday The election of officers and di rectors and the presentation of the annual report of the Community Council will be held next Tuesday night at the Community Center, Rabbi Samuel A. Freidman, presi dent, announced last night. The annual meeting is scheduled to get underway at 8 p.m. The principal address will be delivered by Dr. Arthur E. Fink, Director of the Division of Public Welfare and Social Work of the Graduate School of the University of North Carolina. “We are very fortunate in secur ing Dr. Fink to address our annual meeting,” Rabbi Friedman said, “as he is one of the outstanding authorities in the south in the field of social welfare planning.” Nominations for officers and di rectors will be presented by a nominating committee consisting of Spurgeon Baxley, chairman; Mrs. J. S. Crowley, Mrs. William Goldburg, Miss Columbia Munds and H. Carl Moultrie. A new constitution aaoptea Dy tne Council last June provides for a board of 15 directors to be elected for three year terms, five terms ex piring each year, in place of the present board of 11 members elect ed for one year terms. In addition to the president, Rab bi Friedman, present officers of the Council include: Mrs. William M. Henderson, vice-president, and chairman' of the Welfare Division; Mrs. W. Ronald Lane, chairman of the Health Division; and Baxley, chairman of the Recreation Divi sion. Division vice-chairmen include Dr. A. H. Elliott, health; Mrs. Em ma D. Howell, welfare; Miss Doro thea McDowell, recreation. A. A. Chiemiego has been serving as acting chairman of the Health (Continued on Page 2, Col. 2) Gen. Marshall Issues BL £ On China W5 Truman Envoy Releases Bitter Indictment Of# Kuomintang ADMITS “FAILURE” Future Of Nation Lies With Liberals Under Chiang Kai-Shek Leadership WASHINGTON, Jan. 7.— (UP)—Gen. George C. Mar shall Tuesday delivered a blistering “plague o’ both your houses” to China’s warring factions — Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek’s National government and the Chinese Communist party _ raising strong doubts that he would return to Nanking as Presi dent Truman’s peace envoy. Never in recent diplomatic history has an American official, while still in his post in a foreign country, issued such a bitter in dictment. He blamed “extremist elements of both sides” for frus trating, “time and again” sincere efforts to achieve peace, and left no doubt that neither can expect American help until they put their houses in order. His blast was issued by the State department 15 hours after the President had anounced his recall for a personal report. The docu ment was labeled “a personal statement” and.it disclosed that Marshall was admitting failure of his 13-month mission. He will leave Nanking Wednes day by plane. Hits Both Sides Marshall directed his fire with out qualification at both sides. He said . that the “irreconcilable groups” within the Kuomintang party of Chiang, which is the Na tional government, were interested (Continued on Page 2, Cl. 8) PRIVATE VESSELS | SOUGHT BY GROUP Po|ts Conference Directing Efforts To Attract Ship ping Lines The decision not to request the Interstate Commerce Commission to expand government operation of coastal and intercoastal steam ship operations was voted at a meeting of the South Atlantic and Southern Ports conference held in Jacksonville, Fla., Monday, ac cording to j. T. Hiers, executive agent of the Wilmington Port com mission, who returned yesterday from the meeting. Hiers, who is chairman of the Southern Traffic league and a member of the conference, repre sented Wilmington at the session. He said that delegates to the conference decided that rather than ask the Interstate'Commerce Commission for greater govern ment service in the operation of the steamship lines, an effort will be made to induce expansion through the initiative of private operation to ports not now provid ed with service. Another far - reaching decision made at the Florida session was to refrain from taking an active part in hearings before the Com merce commission January 17 rel ative to transcontinental rail rates and intercoastal water rates, Hiers said. The commission hearing is scheduled to be held in Washing ton. A detailed written report on ac tion taken at the meeting is sched uled to be presented to members of the local port commission at an early date by Hiers. GOP Senators Cut Work Week To Three-Day Basis ~~ (Released' by The beUBjrt* f dlcate, Inc.) Trade Mark I-CH/7^ Reg. U & Pat Office) WASHINGTON, Jan. 7 — (U.R)— The Republican Leadership Tues day night ordered a three-day work week for the Senate, announcing that for the next 83^days at least the chamber will meet only Mon days, Wednesday’s and Fridays. Tuesday and Thursdays , the Senate Republican steering com mittee decided, will be devoted to those of the Senate's 15 com mittees which want to hold hear ings on pending legislation. That schedule will hold from now until the end of March, Steering Chairman Robert A. Taft, R., O., told a news conference. The action throws tradition and precedent to the winds. The Sen ate normally meets on Mondays sits through the week until its im mediate tasks were done. Some times it met on Saturdays when pending legislation had to be dis posed of. Taft said that the split week was agreed upon to facilitate the work of committees so that their activities would not compete with regular Senate sessions. “Sen. White (majority leader Wallace White, R., Me.,) will an nounce these plans Wednesday when the Senate resumes,” Taft said. "It will not require a Senate resolution to make these changes; only an announcement.” BVBNES RESIGNS POST 45 SECRETARY 'BmTA TE; TRUMAN SELECTS MARSH ALL; ^General assembly set for opening -— « - Leaders Hold Caucus, Name New Speaker Representative Tom Pear sall Of Nash Unanimous Choice Of Members BLYTHE GETS POST Democratic Senators Select Mecklenburg Man As President Pro Tem RALEIGH, Jan. 7.— A heavily predominate Demo cratic party caucused Tues day night on the eve of the opening of the 1947 General assembly, were aware that in to its hands had been entrust ed the task of spending more money than any North Caro lina legislature in history. While there was an atmos phere of party harmony, there also was evident a feeling of tension over controversial meas ures sure to hit the hoppers. Republicans—two in the Senate and 13 in the House—took a back seat, but were expected to pledge their loyalty to the duly elected officers. Rep. Tom Pearsall Of Nish county, whose name already is be ing mentioned as a potential gub ernatorial candidate, was nominat ed unanimously as speaker. That had been generally expected since Rep. F. E. Wallace of Lenoir coun ty withdrew last summer end pledged his support to Pearsall. Senator Joe Blythe of Mecklen burg, whose name has been pro jected into the governor’s race the next time the job goes to the west, was named president pro tern of the Senate. (Continued On Page 2; Col. 3) PROJECT STARTS TO REMOVE BARGE Sunken Vessel In Cape Fear Channel To Be Mov ed Before Dredging No work on the dredging of the Cape Fear river channel at Lock wood’s Folly inlet will be done until the wrecked barge which caused the shoaling at that point is re moved, a spokesman for the Wil mington district of the U. S. En gineers said yesterday. Operations of removing the barge is now underway, it was stated, and the dredging will be held up until the barge is remov ed, at the request of the owner. The dredging to remove the sand shoal will then begin, the spokes man said, to return the channel to its project depth of 30 feet. Leaders At Methodist Conference Seen above (left to right) are Dr. Fred W. Pasehall of Lumberton, district director of Evange lism; Dr. .John C. Gienn of Wilmington, district superintendent; and Dr. Charles P. Powell of Char lotte, who delivered the keynote address at the opening session yesterday of the church conference here. The two-day session will conclude today. (PHOTO BY CAROLINA CAMERA) SPEAKERS STRESS EVANGELISM HERE Two-Day Conference Of Methodists To Adjourn This Afternoon Speaking on “Visitation Evangel ism”, Dr. Charles P. Powell, pas tor of the Dilworth Methodist Church in Charlotte, opened the two day conference of Methodists in this area yesterday afternoon. The conference is being held in the Wesleyan Methodist Church in Winter Park. Dr. Powell, in the keynote ad dress, emphasized the 'need for greater consecration on the part of church leaders. “We must begin with ourselves, who are entrusted to be the in terpreters of the gospel of Christ”, he stated. “We shall not lead others into realms of life where we do not live.” The speaker also urged that be fore entering upon the program of visiting evangelism, every pastor and laymen must tune their hearts to Christ and his teachings. Following the opening address, Dr. Fred W. Paschal, Lumberton, director of Evangelism, directed an open discussion on “visiting evangelism.” J. C. Willis, Elizabethtown, chair man Wilmington district of the Crusade Council, opened last night’s session with a talk on “The Year of Stewardship Objectives as seen by a Layman”. The objectives presented in his talk were: intensified cumilative effort in the field of evangelism and 95 recruits for the ministry; new personal commitments to God (Continued on Page 2, Col. 4) The Weather FORECAST South Carolina—Cloudy and mild with occasional rains, followed by partly cloudy Wednesday night, and over North west Wednesday afternoon. Thursday, increasing cloudiness and cooler, occa sional light rains beginning over north west portion in afternoon. North Carolina—Cloudy and mild with occasional rain Wednesday, followed by partly cloudy Wednesday night and over west portion Wednesday afternoon. Thursday increasing cloudiness and cool er, occasional light rains beginning over west portion in afternoon. (Eastern Standard Time) (By U. S. Weather Bureau) Meteorological data for the 24 hours ending 7:30 p.m. yesterday. Temperatures 1:30 a.m. 43; 7:30 a.m. 46; 1:30 p.m. 60; 7:30 p.m. 57. Maximum 60; Minimum 42; Mean 51; Normal 47. Humidity 1:30 a.m. 77; 7:30 a.m. 76; 1:30 p.m. 67; 7:30 p.m. 80. Precipitation Total for 24 hours ending 7:30 p.m. — 0.00 inches. Total since the first of the month — •0.9i inches. Tides For Today (From the Tide Tables published by U. S. Coast and Geodetic Survey). High Low Wilmington _10:54 a.m. 5:17 a.m. 11:09 p.m. 6:00 p.m. Masonboro Inlet _ 8:39 a.m. 2:14 a.m. 9:05 p.m. 2:59 p.m. Sunrise 7:19. Sunset 5:19; Moonrise 7:10 p.m.; Moonset 9:36 a.m. River stage at Fayetteville, N. C. at 8 a.m. Tuesday, 15.0 feet. THAWS REMOVING SNOWS FROM WEST By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS A widespread January thaw be gan removing a snow cover from a number of mid-continent states Tuesday. Weather forecasters said a warm air mass was melting snow in North and South Dakota, Montana, Nebraska, Oklahoma and Texas. Temperatures slightly above freezing were melting snow patches on roads in Illinois, Michigan, and Indiana. Seasonal to mild temperatures were recorded in most of the na tion except west of the Rocky Mountains, along the Western Gulf coast and in Northern New Eng land. However, rising temperatures were in prospect for New England and the Western Gulf coast. GROUP TO STUDY CONSOLIDATION — Committee Appointed To Report On Combining 4 City Agencies The fate of a proposal made at a meeting of Wilmington business men yesterday that the Wilming ton Port-Traffic Association, the Chamber of Commerce, the office of the City Industrial Agent and the Wilmington Port Commission be consolidated under one head rested today in the hands of a special committee. Appointed to the committee to draft the report were T. D. Love and Peter B. Ruffin, Port Traffic Association; E. L. White and C. L. Harrington, Chamber of Com merce; Mayor W. Ronald Lane, city; Addison Hewlett, county; Fred Willetts and C. D. Hogue, Port Commission; and City Industrial Agent John H. Farrell, H. A. Marks and R. B. Page, members at large. The committee, composed of two representatives of each organiza tion, one each from the city and county and three from the com munity at large, was directed to make an investigation into the pro posal and submit a report by Jan. 21. The call for unity, which came in the form of a proposal by Har riss Newman was sounded at a meeting held yesterday morning in the Woodrow Wilson hut for the purpose of discussing the city’s chances for further development through the efforts of the four de partments. Sentiment favoring the consoli dation of the agencies was strong throughout the session, but was not unanimous. Fred Willetts, a mem ber of the port commission, came out against the proposal, suggest ing instead the floating of a million dollar bond issue to be used for promotion of industry in the city. Newman spoke in favor of a single board of trade for Wilming ton, with the four agencies to operate with separate secretaries under one head. Under this plan, (Continued on Page 2, Col. 4) Along The Cape Fear OUTLOOK BRIGHT — The fact that the Port City faces a bright future as far as the Cape Fear river is concerned is nothing new to residents of Wilmington. More than fifty years ago scribes found the port’s outlook a major topic for conjecture as seen by the following account: Wilmington early took rank as a leading South Atlantic port. Thus we find that, fifty years ago, be fore the establishment of our rail day systems and the construction of the Albermarle and Chesapeake Canal, systems designed to drain the State of her commerce, all tendering to the ports of other states, to the prejudice and disad vantage of our own, Wilmington outranked Norfolk, Petersburg and Richmond. According to the report of Sec retary of the Treasurer Levi Wood bury, for the fiscal year ending October 1837, the tonnage enter ed and cleaded in the foreign trade at the port of Wilmington ex ceeded that of Norfolk 6,384 tons; that of Richmond and Petersburg together 17,694 tons. This of the foreign trade. * • • HOME FRONT — In respect of the domestic coasting trade at| the port of Wilmington, we quote from the “Memorial of the North Carolina Improvement Convention’ of December 1838: “We are informed on high au thority that the coasting trade of Wilmington employs a greater ton nage than her foreign trade. If this be true, and we believe it to be so, not only on the high author ity from which we recieved it, but because we know the maritime trade of North Carolina is princi pally a coasting trade, it would follow that the tonnage employed in the trade of the port of Wilming ton is greater than that of the three great ports of Virginia, Norfolk, Richmond and Petersburg.’’ MORE IMPROVEMENTS — It is an interesting coincidence, that newspapers of the 1880’s pointed out, that the memorial just quot ed from, and signed by Romulus M. Saunders, John H.Bryan, Louis D. Henry, L. H. Marstellar, Hugh McQueen, James Allen and Thomas L. Clingman, as a com mittee, should have been, wherein we have quoted them, then urging upon the Legislature a scheme of internal improvements that prac (Continued on Page 2, Col. 4) Grandma’s Bone Corset Comes Back; Now Stylis h WASHINGTON, Jan. 7.— (iP) — Grandma’s bone corset is coming back into fashion, but the new style would make the dear little old lady color up like a red, red rose. For that intimate Victorian gar ment, in sleek golden satin and laced up the back in black, was worn in full view Tuesday as the basis for one of the outstanding gowns of the Trans-World Style show, sponosred by the Women’s National Press club. The golden rib-hugger had a full skirt of black tulle, and was edged on top with the same material and pet bead ing. It was designed by Jacques Fath of Paris, and is one of the latest Parisienne strapless gown styles. Margaret Truman, daughter of the President and Mrs. Truman; Mrs. O. Max Gardner, wife of the Ambassador-designate to Britain; the wives of British, French, Ca nadian, Australian and New Zea land diplomats and Seorita Elena De Ivanissevich, daughter of the Argentine ambassador, were honor guests at the premiere. The new fashions were flown here by de signers in London, Paris, New York, California and South Amer ica. The “rounded silhouette’’ was stressed by the commentator, Viv ian Donner of Hollywood. She call ed attention also to the “padded hips’’ of a trim grey suit designed by Hardy Ames of London. “Slow Down" Order Causes Resignation Top-Ranking Cabinet Mem ber To Step Down Fri day Of This Week PRESIDENT ACCEPTS American World War Lead er Now Enroute Home With China Report WASHINGTON, Jan. 7_ (ff“)—James F. Byrnes resign ed Tuesday night as secretary of state and President Truman chose as his successor the man who guided America’s military fortunes in the war _ General George C. Mar shall. Byrnes declared the doctors had warned him he must “slow down” and that he couldn’t slow down in the job of Sec retary of state. Marshall, Army chief of staff in the war, is presently ending a Presidential mission to China. The announcement of his selection to the cabinet came at almost the exact hour, 7 p. m., Eastern Stand ard time, at which he was due to leave Shanghai, enroute home. The Pennsylvania-born, Virginia educated Marshall takes over the job of helping make peace secure at a time when Republicans have taken over Congress. In the Army (Continued on Page •; Col. 5) TROOPS RELIEVE EUROPEAN COLONY French Parachute Force Rescues Group Surround ed By Viet-Namese PARIS, Jan. 7.— (&) —French parachute troops, dropping by bright moonlight in the canal-split terrian at Namdinh, 50 miles South east of Hanoi, have relieved the European colony barricaded in a cotton mill and are mopping up Viet-Namese in the town, the French general staff reported Tues day. Other French troops fighting to break the virtual siege of Hanoi advanced eastward toward a junc tion with other forces battling West of Haiduong, mid-way point be tween the Tonkin capital and the coast. The parachute drops on Sunday night was “completely successful,” the French said, and the para chute detachments quickly estab lished a bridgehead across a canal, opening a path for water-borne troops which captured a cotton mill where the European civilian population had been fighting off Viet-Namese attacks since Dec. 19, The troops then battled on into Namdinh, important cotton mill town, where they met stiff resist ance from the Viet-Namese en» trenched behind breastworks. In Hanoi, itselr, artillery duals continued while the column advan*> ing on Haiduong captured the vil lage of Banyennhan. The force from Haiduong captured the village of Ch:-khe, but the general staff did not say how far the two forces were apart. And So To Bed Our local chief of police, Charles H. Casteen, is not ft doubting man. However, he contends that the law of average would not allow so many over-time park ing notices to fall from wind shields as some motorists have reported here in recent days. And just to prove that he was not depending solely on the law of averages in squelching the No. 1 alibi of many, Chief Cas teen pointed out that in addi tion to that little red ticket, Uncle Sam, through the mails, delivers a handy reminder to those who are tagged by the local guardians of the law.