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MAnting #iar North Carolina’s Oldest Daily Newspaper Published Daily Except Sunday By The Wilmington Star-News R. B. Page, Publisher Telephone All Departments 2-3311 Entered as Second Class Matter at Wilming ton, N. C., Postoffice Under Act of Congress of March 3, 1879. SUBSCRIPTION RATES BY CARRIER IN NEW HANOVER COUNTY Payable Weekly or In Advance Combi Time Star News nation 1 Week_$ -30 $ .25 $ .50 1 Month ........... 1-30 1.10 2.15 3 Months ....._ 3.90 3.25 6.50 6 Months_ 7.80 6.50 !3.00 1 Year_ 15.60 i3.00 26.00 (Above rates entitle subscriber to Sunday issue of Star-News) SINGLE COPY Wilmington News - Morning Star _ Sunday Star-News - 10c By Mail: Payable Strictly in Advance 3 Months_$ 2.50 $ 2.00 $ 3.85 6 Months _ 5.00 4.00 7.70 1 Year .. 10.00 8.00 15.40 (Above rates entitle subscriber to Sunday issue of Star-News WILMINGTON STAR (Daily Without Sunday) 3 Months—$1.85 6 Months—$3.70 1 Year—$7.40 When remitting by mail please use check or U. S. P. O. money order. The Star-News can not be responsible for currency sent through the mails. MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS AND ALSO SERVED BY THE UNITED PRESS THURSDAY, JANUARY 9. 1947 Doing Its Job The value of service is to be measur ed by its results. Trite as this is, the truth of it is demonstrated by the cur rent operational success of the Brigade Boys club. The board of directors at a recent session asked the executive secretary, James W. Copeland, to keep a door check of attendance, that it might gain a clearer picture of the Brigade’s activi ties and the service it was giving. A ten-day check showed daily after noon attendance to be 186 boys, evening attendance 227; boys using the build ing both afternoons and night 73, and non-member boys and visitors 82. What do they do? Well, there are regular gym classes, there is a game room, there is a sizeable library, there are boxing gloves. Soon there will be a moving picture projector. There are showers. In fact, there is always some thing to do. Just now interest centers in basket ball. And always there is supervision, co ordinated competition and encourage ment. This year teen-age boys are a large factor in the attendance. Every body who has had close contact with the present teen-age generation of youths understands that they are not particularly interested in merely hav ing some place to go. They must find congenial entertainment and recreation. On this score it is apparent the Brigade is offering what they demand. Else they would not be turning out with such regularity. Inadequate as the present quarters are it is not to be doubted that the Brigade is doing its job, which is the more gratifying in that the boys it is serving soon will be among the men of Wilmington who must take over the business and government and cultural advancement of the city. Contrast In Pay A public school principal was called on the carpet by the Raleigh County Board of Education on complaint that he was doing a regular trick in a coal mine in addition to his educational duties. Parents had complained that he closed school early and one reported visiting the school three times and found his asleep. On this evidence he was dismissed by the school board. The principal, Erskine Richmond by name, later told reporters that by working a regular eight-hour shift m a mine he received _• $320 a month. As school principal his : salary was $178 monthly. These figures illustrate one reason why teachers demand salaries more nearly on the level of other employed persons. And they are right in so de manding. Withput disrespect to the miners, teachers have to be on a higher intel legtual plane. They have to concentrate upon highly specialized study and train ing. But they are nevertheless rated at such small rates of pay that they cannot hope to keep their financial ■heads above debt. On the other hand, a strong back and a pick and shovel are the chief qualifi cations for work in coal mines and the work brings in approximately double the income of a teacher at the level of school principal, as the Richmond case indicates. It is the more unreasonable to pay teachers such small salaries because they are second only to the home in the training of children, not only in the conventional studies but in the funda mental principles of good citizenship. If any one is entitled to a “living wage” it is the American school teacher. w Secretary Byrnes’ Resignation Along with the shock of Secretary of State James F. Byrnes’ resignation comes the thought that but for a whim of President Roosevelt he would now be President of the United States. Probably no man in the history of this country ever suffered equal humiliation at the hands of a Chief Executive and came back to perform a great service out of sheer patriotism. How great his services have been can only be fully gauged by the future. But it is to his lasting credit that when this nation’s part in world diplomacy and the activities of the United Nations, its Security Council and the Big Four, were at the ebb he went far toward bringing the United States back to its proper position of leadership and succeeded in forcing the Soviet Union to moderate its dictatorial attitude. The nation owes him a greater debt of gratitude for his stern adherence to the cardinal principles of fairness and international honesty, and his achieve ments, than most of us, however close ly we have followed the course of events since he assumed the office which he is now quitting, can realize. The physical and mental strain he has endured have been greater than most men could hope to survive. It is surprising that his physicians’ order to “slow down” did not come sooner. He has earned the right to rest from his labors. May his strength be renewed in retirement and his remaining years be filled with the happiness that is the inheritance of anglers and hunters. The secret of Mr. Byrnes’ intention to step out of the picture was well guarded, but obviously had been dis cussed with President Truman well in advance inasmuch as his successor was announced simultaneouly with his resignation. General George C. Marshall, wartime Chief of Staff, who will take over as Secretary of State upon his return from China will bring to the office a rich store of experience. If his mission to China has not accomplished the results expected of it, the failure may be attributed more to the determin ed resistance to peace by the nationalists and the communists than to his lack of vision of the needs. Only once before has a regular mili tary man been appointed Secretary of State. President Buchanan named Lewis Cass, who was in the war of 1812 and later served in the regular Army as a brigadier general, to the post. For the most part members of Con gress are reported to view the Marshall appointment favorably. This is to his advantage as he must rely upon the Con gress for support. In close touch with his predecessor at the State Department throughout his Far East service, he is familiar with the broad policies of Secretary Byrnes in international affairs. It is to be as sumed that with this background, coupl ed with his own experience, he will fol low in Mr. Byrnes’ footsteps “as night follows day.” QUOTATIONS If it s wrong to recommend friends and constituents for jobs, then it disqualifies three-fourths of the Senate and all of the House.—Sen. Theodore G. Bilbo (D) of Mis sissippi. World organization does not mean that men will live in a condition of bliss.—Sen. Elbert D. Thomas (D) of Utah. We must not forget that while destroying many lives ths^ atomic bomb saved many times as many, ''and demonstrated beyond argument that we must end war itself unless we prefer to see what is left of our civiliza tion in ruins.—Dr. James P. Baxter III, presi dent Williams College. The churches are now showing the way to the nations as nations try to reconcile their ideologies. And after all, even controversy may become creative if there is the will to peace. — Rev. Dr. Charles S. McFarland, secretary emeritus Federal Council of Churches of Christ in America. As Pegler Sees It BY WESTBROOK PEGLER (Copyright by King Features Syndicate, Inc.) NEW YORK, Jan. 8—After a difficult in quiry which lasted about three years, special agents of the Treasury were able to present information to the federal grand jury in New ark_ N. J., indicating that Joe Fay, the plug ugly gangster boss -of the operating engineers union of the American Federation of Labor, had concealed income of $197,000 in 1940, 1941 and 1942. On Dec. 10, the grand jury indicted Fay, charging that he had evaded taxes of $137,548. On Dec. 18, the Associated Press reported from Newark that the case was assigned to Judge Thomas F. Meaney and that Edgar H. Rossbach, the United States dirt •?ct attor ney, had announced that the tria. was set to begin about Jan. 6. Fay, though a rough, brutal nooaium ana a drunkard, is also one of the most audacious and resourceful political racketeers in the new deal-underworld axis. He is a henchman of Frank Hague the Jersey boss, and an inti mate social and political companion of most of the influential judges, public prosecutors and other officials of the Hague machine in Newark and Jersey City. He has lived in Newark for years and is a member of the biggest social club of Hague politicians. His influence is so strong that the average harm less citizen, drawn for jury duty, might be put in fear of ruinous reprisals of one kind or another, including physical violence. Judge Meaney, named to hold the trial, is an old, intimate friend and political protege of Fay’s friend, Hague. He owes his appoint ment to Hague, an appointment which aroused strong objections in the United States Senate before he could be confirmed. Altogether, the objections to Meaney’s confirmation were such as to justify the most attentive scrutiny of his conduct of the Fay trial if he should fail to disqualify himself. Certainly Meaney could not impair public confidence in the hon esty of the trial and the court if he should decide to let the Fay case go to some other judge, preferably a man from some other state. Mr. Rossbach, the district attorney, also is a member of the Hague political group. It will be up to him to present the case against Fay and, of course, to take any precautions that he believes necessary and wise, to pre vent tampering and to exclude from the box jurors who have relations with Fay or might be sensitive to temptation or pressure. The possible ramifications of influence are infi nite. A juror might be in debt to a bank con trolled by the machine. He might have a rela tive in the employ of Fay or the- machine. He might be a contractor or closely related to a contractor who could be ruined by union trouble from Fay. Such are possibilities that a prosecutor Is supposed to explore carefully in selecting a jury. In this case, the judge, the prosecutor and the defendant all are members of a notorious political organization. The defendant is a des perate, ruthless and powerful politician who has been fighting for three years to keep out of prison. And he is known to have the sym pathy of a circle of cynical and powerful old gang politicians who say they feel he has been punished enough by his worries and the expense of his previous trial in New York and the appeals. In New York county, Fay was convicted in the state court of extortion and conspiracy through a shakedown of contractors who built the Deleware aqueduct. This was a $300,000, 000 job financed largely by federal money. Notwithstanding this fact and the obvious in terest of the federal government in such ex tortions, adding to the taxpayers’ cost, suc cessive attorneys general in Washington took no action. He was tried in New York by Dis trict Attorney Frank S. Hogan who encount ered political influence immediately, and ma neuvers to bring the case before a favorable judge. In the end. Governor Tom Dewey set tled that by causing the state attorney gen eral to assign a judge from up-state. Fay and James Bove were convicted after a trial in which Hogan had to contend with the reticence of contractors who may have been afraid of union trouble on future jobs or may merely have reckoned that the extor tion cost them nothing inasmuch as the ex pense of Fay’s graft and Bove’s was passed along to the common man. As a group, the contractors did not distinguish themselves as courageous and conscientious citizens. Nor are they. Bove has given up and gone off to pris on to serve his New York term but he is still under indictment in the federal court in New York on a charge of failure to pay income taxes of $194,000 on his share of the extorted money. He was a vice president of the Hod Carriers’ and Common Laborers Union, which, like Fay’s operating engineers, has been no toriously infested with thieving gangsters. Re cently, the national office of the Hod-Carriers’ union announced that it had hired a “public relations counsel” to decontaminate its reputa tion. That, however, is merely a venture into propaganda. The only reforms that have been wrought were accomplished by initiative news paper reporting and Mr. Hogan and his staff. After losing all his appeals in New York. Fay appealed again to the Supreme Court of the United States on the ground that the blue ribbon jury which convicted him was illegally selected. A favorable decision would have the effect of a prison break by some of the most ruthless criminals in captivity, convicted by blue ribbon juries. The parallel between the situation of Judge Meaney in the Fay case and that of Justice Hugo Black of the Supreme Court in his spec tacular fight with Justice Robert Jackson, last summer is not complete, but there are points of sirriilarity. Justice Jackson accused Justice Black of questionable ethics in failing to dis qualify himself in a case in which a litigant was represented by a former law partner of Justice Black. Though no such interest is known to exist between Fay and Judge Mean ey. their political kinship and common loyalty to Fay’s patron, Mayor Hague, are plain. This of course is a Treasury case and the Treasury is a government department, but the Department of Justice does not always satisfy the Treasury that it proceeds honestly with Treasury cases against important members of the democratic national machine. When the Department of Justice dismissed indictments charging income tax frauds against several surviving members of the old Huey Long ma chine, Treasury men who had worked up the criminal case privately but emphatically ex pressed suspicions of a political comnromise. Two senators who, as members of the judi ciary committee, debated Meaney’s fitness fo’ the bench. Wheeler of Montana, now defeated and retired, and Moore, of Oklahoma have pondered the possibilities in the Fay-Meaney problem. Bm they beleive nothing can be done to take the case away from Meaney un less Attorney General Tom Clark takes the initiative. Clark could assign it to another judge and could assign a soecial prosecutor to relieve Mr. Rossbach of any question. “SUN NEVER SETS—!” Burnt* J v y \\Vt (egypt Early Military Career Earmarked New Secretary Of State As Diplomat BY ROWLAND EVANS, JR. Associated Press Staff Writer WASHINGTON, Jan. 8 — (iP)— Young Captain George Catlett Marshall said: ‘‘My country train ed me as a soldier. I’ll stick to the service.” But if Marshall early turned all his efforts to becoming a soldier, and a good one, his capacity for diplomacy was always apparent. Now it has brought him to the McKENNEY On BRIDGE A J 10 9 3 « V J7 ♦ AQ82 ! A 7 42 A AKQ8 ! 6 VK952 ♦ 10 7 5 A 5 Ik 72 t A6 > K94 , A A K J 9 6 3 Rubber—E-W vul. South West North East j 1 A 1 A 1 N. T. Pass I 3 N. T. Pass Pass Pass | Opening—A 5 ^ 9 j By WILLIAM E. McKENNEY America’s Card Authority Written for NEA Service Leaving Los Angeles, I had only two more stops to make on my long flight, one at Chicago and one at Cleveland. At the Chicago Athletic Club I had luncheon with several oldtimers in bridge, including R. W. Halpin, who was president of the American Bridge League in 1929, when only auction was play ed; Lou Haddad, president of the League in 1935; William McGhee, active now in Chicago bridge. Halpin gave me today’s hand, office of Secretary of State. Gene ral Marshall was born in Union town, Pa., Dec. 31, 1880. Both his mother and father were Ken tuckians. One of his father's an cestors was Chief Justice John Marshall. Tlie general was graduated in 1901 from Virginia Military Insti tute with the highest military rank in the cadet corps and a reputa tion as a wicked football tackle, good enough to make all-southern team. He first displayed signs of d#ilo matic genius in 1913, during his second tour of duty in the Philip pines. He was a lieutenant ol infantry. His commanding general called upon him to draw up a field order covering the entire disposition of troops and supplies in a tactical defense maneuver. The young lieu tennant directed a running fire of questions at the assembled regi mental officers and issued orders so accurate not one revision had to be made. Though his military handling of the situation was above approach, the fact that he—a mere lieutenant —could exert such influence upon his superior officers and come out of it with nothing but admiration and respect was a harbinger of his ability to handle people. In June, 1917, Marshall, still a lieutenant, went to France. His greatest achievment in World War I was the movement of 820,000 men and their supplies in absolute secrecy in preparation for the Meuse-Argonne offensive. Although his ambition was to command troops, his organiza tional capacity kept him for the most part at a desk. In the early thirties Marshall, then a colonel, was in command of the Eighth Infantry division and all the CCC camps in South Caro lina. His wife, Katherine Tupper Mar shall. in her book “Together,” Star Dust Corrosive The man who drank some sul phuric acid by mistake made holes in his handkerchief every time he sneezed. Just Plain Jane Queen Victoria was visiting an English town one day on a tour of inspection, with the Princess of Battenberg. They were accompan ied by the local mayor and his young wife. When they were ask ed to sign the visitors’ book on one of their stops, as was her custom, the Queen wrote the one word, Victoria. The Princess followed with Beatrice. The mayor’s wife hesitated the merest part of a sec ond, then she wrote Jane.—Christ ian Science Monitor. Survey Authorized CHICAGO, Jan. 8 — (IP) — The American Medical association an nounced Wednesday that the board of trustees has authorized its first survey of medical schools in 10 years with the aim of “improved medical education in this country." Since the last survey was made, the AM A Journal said editorially, “there have been tremendous im pacts on the entire structure of medical education. “In the light of recent advances in medical knowledge and the na ture of medical cate a careful re evaluation of the curriculum is needed. Financially many schools are facing a crisis, since the in creased income of the war years will be drastically reduced unless supplemented by funds from en dowment, state or other sources. “There is need for a thorough going analysis of the educational resources of our medical schools as related to student enrollments." The Doctor Says— CONTAGIOUS ILLS NEED DISINFECTING By WILLIAM A. O’BRIEN, jj, D Disinfection of the hands, linen body discharges, and dishes dur -j the course o£ a contagious disease is more effective than is disinfec tion afterwards. In disinfection. all germs capable of producing disease ar‘ destroyed; antiseptics, on the oh er hand, prevent the multiplication of germs but do not destroy them Disinfection methods are ether physical or chemical, or bo-.V Most potent are the physical var'el ties, in which heat, steam, or bod ing destroys germs. In nature s'.' or wind accomplishes the same el feet. It is advisable for those attend ing a patient who has a contagiou! disease to wash their hands Wi*h soap and water, and sometimes to use an antiseptic solution, afte taking care of the patient. Soiled linen can be soaked in an an,;i septic solution in the sickroom and then put into the regala wash. It is not wise to return unused portions of food or drink from the sickroom to the kitchen. Thev should be destroyed. The patient’s discharges from various body cavities should be collected in containers in which an antiseptic solution has been placed, the volume of solution be ing twice the amount of the dis charge. Sputum from tuberculosis vic tims is a source of danger to oth ers unless it is deposited in a cov ered cup containing. carbolic acid or lime solution. Handkerchiefs of tuberculous patients should be soaked in an antiseptic solution, then boiled. Dishes and silverware should no! be removed from the contagious disease patient’s room until they have been washed with antiseptic solution, then immersed in boiling hot soap suds, and finally rinsed in water. While great success has resulted from the sterilization of all mate rials used in surgical operation;, similar effects are not necessary In the care of patients with conta gious diseases. Simple disinfection is sufficient. QUESTION: After eating. I belch for some time. What is the came of this? ANSWER: The condition resits from weakness in the muscles at the opening between the stomach and esophagus, and from reverse muscular contractions in the stomach. It occurs in a variety o! i conditions, including pregnancy, , gallstones, and nervousness. Religion Day By Day BY WILLIAM T. ELLIS AT THE HOSPITAL DOOR Crowding the spacious driveway of Bryn Mawr Hospital and extend ing to neighboring streets, were scores of fine automobiles, many of them with chauffeurs. They rep resented prosperity — and pain. All the cars had carried visitors to patients in the great hospital within the walls of which were se cluded every imaginable form ol suffering. As I held this great ag gregation of automobiles, I seem ed to. see life’s panorami of pain, which includes rich and Poor thought mellows one’s heart and makes one mindful of the suffering everywhere. These cars spoke of the tiei o. kinship and friendship and sym pathy. They stood for applied Christianity: “I;was sick and « visited Me". There is a deal ol re ligion practised daily by those who exercise the office of helplu friends, who serve the suffering d their own circle. Few of us car preach or write, but we may ah minister to the prisoners of pain. We would follow in the footsteps of Jesus in ministry to ail In the bonds of affliction. Give "Si O Father, wise and comfortini hearts. Amen. ill wiiil.11 lie doiu uiai utuaici mistakenly tried to break the club suit. West won the opening lead with the queen of spades. He decided against cashing the king and ace of spades, setting up a spade trick for declarer, which he knew it would do because declarer had played the three-spot on the open ing lead. This meant that East could not have better than the five and four of spades. West elected to shift to a heart which was won in dummy with the ace. Now the correct play, Halpin pointed out, was to lay down the ace of clubs and take four rounds of diamonds. West will let go a spade then can count the hand down. West’s vulnerable overall un doubtedly marked him with five spades, which was further veri fied by the fact that East haj led the five-spot and the three and deuce showed up. West’s return of the heart deuce marked him with four hearts. He had fol lowed to three rounds of dia monds and one round of clubs. Therefore, he could not have any more clubs and the club finesse could be taken with safety » * * Instead of trusting to luck, it is quite often possible to make a play that will enable you to count a hand down as Bob Halpin point ed out in xhis hand recounts that it was largely due to him that the good-will tour of a French cruiser didn’t boome rang. When the cruiser got to Charles ton, mayor (now Senator) Burnet Maybank and Colonel Marshall gave a banquet in the captain’s honor. Marshall asked the captian whether he would be kind enough to raise the inaugural flag of a new CCC camp to be called Camp Lafayette. The French captain was not only eager to do so but wired the French consul at Philadelphia to come quickly to witness this great honor to France. Here was good will at bargain prices. It was credited with off setting the indifference which greeted the Frenchmen at another East coast port. (Tomorrow: Diplomacy in war time.) Not Out of Dale Carnegie’s Book One of our more beautiful friends, has gone into a mild form of retreat. It all came of shopping for a hat. She’s a girl who knows her own mind and started out with “Nothing with a veil, please.” “Why not, Miss?” asked the helpful salesgirl, “You have just the face for a veil.” — Woman’s Day. WHY WE SAY by STAN J COU.INS t LJ. SIAWSON * LEAP YEAR PROPOSALS * ! ll is still commonly believed I lint lhe Indies are entitled to propose during leap year. This privilege is traced to an Act of the Scottish Parliament, passed jin 1228, guaranteeing this right, fail ure to accept such a proposal was pun ished hy a fine not to exceed 100 pounds.