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Wilmington Worning ®tar North Carolina’s Oldest Daily Nswrpaper Published Daily Except Sunday By Th« Wilmington Star-News R. B. Page. Publisher _Telephone All Departments 2-3311 Entered as Second Class Matter at Wilming ton. N. C., Postoffice Under Act of Congress _of March 3, 1879. SUBSCRIPTION RATES BY CARRIER IN NEW HANOVER COUNTY Payable Weekly or In Advance Combi Time Star News nation 1 Week_t 30 f .25 $ .80 1 Month ........... 1-30 1.10 2.18 3 Months. 3.90 3.25 6.50 6 Months.. 7.80 8.50 13.00 1 Year _ 15.60 13.00 26.00 (Above rates entitle subscriber to Sunday issue of Star-News)_ SINGLE COPY Wilmington News —--—- 8c Morning Star _...--—--*- 8c Sunday Star-News -— 10c By Mail: Payable Strictly in Advance 3 Months_t 2.50 $ 2.00 % 3.85 6 Months_-_ 5.00 4.00 7.70 1 Year . 10.00 8.00 15.40 (Above rates entitle subscriber to Sunday issue of Star-News WILMINGTON STAR (Dsily Without Sunday) 3 Months—SI.85 6 Months—S3.70 1 Year—37.40 MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS AND ALSO SERVED BY THE UNITED PRESS MONDAY. JANUARY 13, 1947. TOP O’ THE MORNING “Let that be our New Year resolution, — to begin the year with Christ, and in His company to move onward to its close. Then we shall be free of fear and dread, and the recurring days shall be for us not a drudge ry hut an adventure. And whatever the year holds, we shall know, with Robert Browning, the thrilling confidence that: ‘So onward we move, and save God above None knoweth how wonderous the journey will prove!’ ’’ B. F. H. Play In December The fact that December was an ex ceptionally good month for the City Recreation department, wdth 41,805 per sons participating in its activities, is not surprising, when it is remembered that the great Christmas tree—the largest in the world—was the center of attraction and that throngs of chil dren and many adults had part in the celebration. One item in the report to City Man ager Benson, filed by Jesse Reynolds, director of recreation, however, deserves special consideration and emphasis. Mr. Reynold’s report shows that during the month 9090 persons used the city’s outdoor recreation and athletic facili ties. Surely here is evidence of Wilming ton’s equitable winter climate_some thing that ought to be more widely ex ploited a3 among the city’s assets. Even if there should be a cold snap in the making, even if the balance of January and February should have periods of frost and even freezing, there are never more than a very few days here throughout the entire winter when outdoor sports may not be enjoyed—and we do not mean ice skating or bob sledding. Many a thousand persons, cooped up in unaired homes in the North and the East, or cuddling freezing noses and ears if compelled to be out of doors, would find our coldest visitations almost summer-like. And the strong probability is that some hundreds, or possibly thous ands, from these areas of severe winters would trek to Wilmington if they were told of the comfort they would find here, provided, always, adequate hous ing accommodations in the form of hotels and apartments were available, and the publicity widely distributed. Surely this showing of outdoor play in December, as revealed by Mr. Rey nolds, should stimulate the city’s pro motional organizations, particularly the Chamber of Commerce, to conduct an aggressive campaign for winter tour ists. Stick To Home Products Word that the prices of more foo(3 articles are coming down than are going up and that further declines may be expected when spring and summer packs reach the market, comes over the wires. But the average price level is still so high that housewives generally are under a continuing strain to keep their families well fed and keep within their table budgets. Buyer resistance has had some effect in reducing prices. It may be expected to continue as long as butter and meats remain so costly. Neither butter nor meat—the better cuts, at least—have yet come down enough to be used in the customary quantity. Not even the current announcement that further re ductions are in sight means that the contemplated drop will restore these l foods to their old levels of consumption. Nor is probable they will for some time to come. Costs of production and processing are still at wartime levels. Only as these costs decline can con sumers expect any considerable im provement. With labor still receiving wages out of proportion with actual earning power the belief widely exists that only through the substitution of recession for inflation can we hope for a substantial mark-down in the food market. This is, of course, a doubtful j blessing, since recession is so liable to turn into depression. There is a way to bring about a better food situation, even if it should not in clude larger and immediate price cuts. It is for buyers to insist on having home-grown products. By this means high freight costs could be avoided and farmers of the area be assured of mar kets almost at their doors. Michigan or Maine potatoes, Texas tomatoes, need not be brought to Wil mington, and they would not be, if Wil mington buyers required home products and would accept no others. The same rule would apply to other food com modities. If it were done New Hanover county farmers would not have to ship their crops away and wonder if the return would meet the freight bill. Under The Surface Since delivering his message to Con gress on the State of the Union, Presi dent Truman has presented his views on the economic situation and the bud get. All have created a great diversity of opinion in the press and among the members of Congress. Nor has the man in the street withheld his comment. As usual in similar circumstances, the tone of opinions has been largely governed by the political leanings of the com mentator. Discussion of all three messages will continue indefinitely. For the present the Star finds the views of Roscoe urummona, cmei ot tne onrisuan Science Monitor Washington bureau on the first of the three interesting. Mr. Drummond concedes that Mr. Truman extended an olive branch to the republican Congress but “it is ... of undefined size.” The message bespeaks a mood of cooperation, it suggests the “White House intends to approach its relations with the new Congress with flexibility and conciliation.” but on ap praisal “it has to be accepted with numerous reserved judgments.” On the whole, the message leaves many ques tions unanswered. We quote directly from the Drum mond article: “The central question which the Pres ident left for future answering was how fully he intends to go along with ma jority congressional action when that action is not to his liking. "It seems clear that this question was painstakingly left unanswered and that leaves many other unanswered questions in its wake. “Mr. Truman asks for less in the field of. antistrike legislation than the Republican majority appears to favor. Will he seek to prevent Congress from asking more than he wants? “Mr. Truman left no room for any tax reduction at this time. Will he pre vent Congress from enacting some tax reduction ? “Mr. Truman advocates more far reaching Federal measures in medical and social welfare legislation than a Republican Congress is likely to approve. Will he seek to get his way?” Then, after noting that the President did not explicitely repudiate the twenty one-point left-wing-supported legisla tive program he advanced a year ago, and expressing the opinion that he is not liable to do so, in so many words, Mr. Drummond writes what is perhaps the most astute observation yet voiced on Mr. Truman’s beneath-the-surface objective. We read: • “Quite a different explanation of Mr. Truman’s inordinate vagueness is plaus ible. It is that the President not mere ly accedes to the fact that, by virtue of the Republican victory, the ‘control ling voice’ in legislative policy should be with the Republican Congress; he intends to see that the Republican Con gress has the responsibility, takes the responsibility, and can’t get away from the responsibility.” The Star passes this opinion on for what it may mean to the individual reader. As Pegler Sees It By WESTBROOK PEGLER (Copyright, 1947, By King Features Syndicate. Inc.) WASHINGTON, Jan. 12. — When Presi dent Truman echoed the cry of the unior, racketeer against “punitive” and “vindictive” laws, he found himself again walking thf picket line with the leg-breakers and black mailers who live on labor but never for or by labor. Just as the Bolshevik traitors decry “red baiting,” so also the Joe Fays, the Brownes and Bioffs and hundreds of other dirty parasites have howled against every proposal to drive them out of the union movement. Is that law punitive which forbids an em ployer to send sluggers at night to beat up workers who have undertaken to form a union? If so, then the Wagner Act should be expung ed for that reason alone. Are these laws vindic tive which compel a corporation to account for its money and, particularly, forbid^he comp any to dump a million, more or less, into a campaign to elect its own man governor and its own corporate officials to the legislature or congress? These laws were passed to place restraints on reckless and corrupt business and they are regarded as punitive and vindictive only by those who are restrained from evil. What are the proposals as to unions w’hich would be regarded as punitive and vindictive? These terms are applied to all proposals that are offered to curtail the powers of union bosses, to erase the union dollar-sign from the ballot and to protect the rights of the com munity and the individual worker. If the na tion should wait for the sanction of the pro fessionals of unionism no reform ever could be wrought. In their selfish judgment, all sug gestions are punitive and vindictive. Who would be punished, however, by a legal provision that a worker, who is com pelled to join a union or starve, shall have a right to a fair trial, not by some group of un derworld racketeers but by an impartial body, when he is brought up on charges of “un-union like conduct?” My friends in the union move ment reproach me for taking extreme views when I speak of underworld racketeers as the controllers of unions. I acknowledge that these are not typical groups, although they are more numerous than my union friends admit. These underworld gangs, be it remembered, do not become such until they have been publicly ex posed, and thus many “typical” ruling bodies enjoy a false seeming of virtue until they pre exposed. Others remain respectable indefinite ly only because there are not enough mam hours in the lives of the newspaper reporters to attend to them. Be this noted, too, that the American Federation of labor is forbidden by its constitution and by the jealousy of the little kings who command the internationals to elim inate crooks from its subordinate unions. This being '.he acknowledged lact, it is clear for even President Truman to see thal the worker and the community, and even the A. F. of L. itself, at present have no protec- ; tion against racketeers and tyrants. I am will- I ing to waive the word “underworld” and direct i the attack against those racketeers who art respectable but racketeers, nevertheless, such ' as Jimmy Petrillo, of the musicians, and Dar Tobin, of the Teamsters. When a union collects , money from employers for unnecessary work ( or for stand-by work which is not at all and often does not even call for the presence ol < the idle stand-by, that is a racket. The principle , here is that of the robber barons. , The limitations on the right to work can- i not be judged by the sober conduct of the ex- ; emplary unions. They must be judged by the < shocking extremes, for it is here that we see i the evil dramatized, and yet Mr. Truman is one i of those who would regard as punitive a law , to limit these powers. i I have submitted the cases of needlework ! unions, Dubinsky’s and Hillman’s, which ordered the members to come to political ' rallies for candidates who were, at best, radi cals themselves, and had carried on flagrant ■ political traffic with the Communists. In Cali- < fornia, in 1944, the actors and radio perform ers were assessed $1 each for Roosevelt’s cam paign fund by order of the politicians of the \ executive body acting under their “general ; powers.” The late Bill Fields paid under pro- I test and tlecil B. De Mille abandoned a lucra- : tive radio program rather than pay one dol lar. These citizens were ordered to contribute I to a political candidate who was repugnant to 1 them and no man can say that a law to for : bid that kind of assessment would abridge any : right of labors. I Much has oeen maae oi tne new Massa chusetts law to compel unions to file a public 1 accounting of their money. That, too, is said 1 to be punitive, but mere accountability means : nothing. A union crook “accounts” for the money if he merely reports truthfully that he took in so much and that, under his constitu- ’ tional power, he cast his own unanimous vote to give it to himself. The purposes for which money may be spent must be limited to legitimate uses oi that union itself for its own benefit as a col lective bargaining agency, otherwise, the boss es or even a majority of the members may col lect a day’s pay, as some unions did during the war, to support an “underground” system of political and military espionage in foreign lands. This purpose should be illegal and prob ably is, although it would be childish to be lieve that the Department of Justice would take any action against past performances. ; An “underground” movement never was con templated as a legitimate mission of a labor ' union. In Petrillo’s union and In several others, ! the worker charged with “un-unionlike” con- ' duct appears to enjoy a right to a fair trial and J appeals, but that right vanishes in the final appeal to the President, whose powers are j final and absolute. In most of the others the right to a fair trial and appeals is frustrated by the tediousness, expense and risk which re duce the individual to the status of serf. Reform would punish and restrain no man , of good intentions, and certainly labor could not be hurt by a provision that unions, which \ enjoy special rights under federal law, as ' unions do today, should exclude from office all | persons with criminal records who have lost ] the rights of public citizenship, and all un naturalized aliens. , QUOTATIONS Although a number of coal mining com munities owned and operated by the larger and more progressive companies seem to be as sanitary and healthful as our better in corporated cities, they are too few in number and stand out as exceptions to the rule.— Rear Adml. Joel T. Boone, director govern ment’s mining area health survey. If science is to go to the bottom of things in the prevention of world destruction, it must study human beings.—Dr. Roger J. Wil liams, U. of Texas biochemist _ __■ ... - - - - - ■ - ■ ■■■ ——— January Thaw_______ W 'SW ViOEATBERMAK LBE WRONG ACrAlM P tM The Book Of Knowledge THE EARTH This and the following articles ire taken from The Book of Know edge and can be clipped for sav ng in a reference book.) rHE BIG BALL WE LIVE ON In this department of our book ve are going to tell you about the arth on which all of us live. We ;hall describe its land end its >ceans, rivers and seas, the won lerful blanket of atmosphere that vraps the earth and helps to keep is comfortable in summer’s heat ;nd winter’s cold. You may read rhy July is hot and January is old in New York and Toronto, ;hile in Melbourne and Buenos tires the seasons are the other way ound, with Christmas during the ummertime. What the earth is made of, and t’hat you would find if you could iig down inside to the very center —these and hundreds of other luestions we shall try to answer or you in this and other chapters. Look into the sky on a bright light. It is dotted witht stars— ibout three thousand of them can >e seen at one time; and many nore can be seen with the aid of a elescope. And the hazy band of ight across the sky, which we call he Milky Way, is made up of tars. A great star that we do not ee at night, but only in the day ime, is our sun. In this department ve shall tell you also about the sun ind the other stars, and about the noon which is not a star, though it ] ;ecms to us to be so full of light. We shall tell you about other noons, and about other planets vhich like our earth, wheel around he sun. If you could fly in an airplane far Religion Day By Day BY WILLIAM T. ELLIS BOYS AND BELLS When Turk and Tim—aged seven md four—visit their grandparents hey at once go through a sort >f established ritual. First, they iress the front door button, to ;ound the chimes in the hall. Then hey make music with the dinner long. Next they go into the living com and set the camel bells tc angling. One deals with the kitch :n door bell, while the other winds ip the beloved old Swiss music DOX. New life has come to the staid >ld home. Boys and noise are sy conymous words. The old folks are cited out of their quiet routine, md rejoice in the change. There vill not be a dull minute in the lome so long as the boys’ visit asts. With the feeling akin to envy the ildsters regard the tireless activity >f the virile youngsters. For all their unflagging commotion spells ife. Unconsciously, the boys are juilding up health of body and nind for the long years ahead ot hem. They are doers. We who sit ay the fireside marvel at the cease less movements of youth, and wist fully mourn its passing from our selves. Fortunate are those who, at the iventide of the years, can share he spirit of the little ones who iverflow with the energy of youth. We pray for spiritual energy, O Lord, and for a real share in the abounding activity of youth. Amen. out in space, you would see the earth shining in the sky like a bright ball. We shall tell you why it shines, although, as you know, it has no light of its own. Let us begin our story with the earth. In shape it is something like a ball, or sphere, or globe. It seems to us very large, but it is only a speck compared with millions of the other bodies in space. It is not a perfectly round ball but is slight ly flattened at two places as if it were pressed between a giant's thumb and forefinger. Between the flattened ends it bulges a bit as any ball would if it were pressed. The very centres of the flat places we call Poles, the North Pole and the South Pole. If you force a knitting needle through a grape fruit so that the ends come out through the two flattened ends, the two ends of the needle might be called the North and South Poles. The needle would be the axis. Remember that word, axis. The line between the middle of the McKENNEY On BRIDGE By WILLIAM E. McKENNEY America's Card Authority Mrs. Schlorer-Smith AKQ10 V A J 10 5 ♦ Q962 ♦ AK 4 7 V K Q 6 3 ♦ J 10 8 3 4 8 54 2 4 A J 9 6 5 3 V842 ♦ AK 4Q7 Tournament—N-S vul. South West North East 1 4 Pass 2 V Pass 2 4 Pass 3 A Pass 3 V Pass 4N.T. Pass 5 V Pass 7 N. T. Pass ' Opening—4 J 13 j The American Contract Bridge League held one of its most suc cessful winter national tournaments recently at the Hollywood Beach Hotel, Hollywood, Fla. The first event on the program was the U S. open individual championship, in which the contestants play with different partners each round. It was won by Mrs. Anne Schlorer Smith of Philadelphia, a vice president of the women’s national committee of the League. The bidding on today's hand was rather daring but a nice squeeze play oy Mrs. Schlorer Smith produced the contract. She won the opening club lead with the king and cashed the ace of clubs. Next she cashed dummy’s ace and king of diamonds, then ran the spade suit. Prior to playing dummy’s sixth spade, Mrs. Schlorer-Smith’s last four cards were the queen-nine of diamonds and the ace - jack of hearts. Dummy held three small hearts and a spade, while West held the king-queen of hearts and jack-ten of diamonds. On the play of the last spade. West was squeezed. If he parted with the queen of hearts, declar er’s ace-jack would be good. If he threw away the ten of dia monds, her queen-nine of dia monds would take the last two tricks ball we call the Equator. It divides the earth into two equal parts; one half is north of the Equator; the other half is south of the Equator. We call these halves the Northern and Southern Hemispheres. We live in the Northern Hemisphere. The word hemisphere means hall a sphere. Your grapefruit is cut in two at its equator when you eat it for breakfast. You eat one of the hemispheres. Of course there is no line drawn on the earth at the Equator any more than around a grapefruit’s equator. On our maps and globes we draw lines which help us in our understanding of the earth’s surface. The Equa tor is one of these helpful lines. Copyright, 1946, by the Grolier Society Inc., based upon the Book of Knowledge. Distributed by the United Feature Syndi cate, Inc. Tomorrow: Nature, the mother of us all. Star Dust Billboard Solution Perhaps the solution to a knotty problem is on the way. No on« questions the fact we need adver tising and lots of it to keep the American way of life going full speed. When you stimulate desire for articles to make life more in teresting and comfortable, you stimulate desire in the hearts of people to get out and work. That’s all to the good. The countryman has been a bit disturbed over the size of some of the billboards along the roads. When they hide whole mountain ranges he feels the time has come to take a stand. Now it looks as if the whole prob lem is solved. Companies can have their billboards painted on the sides of the block-long trucks that ram ble over the roads. If the length of the trucks keep increasing, a company can put a painting and a long commercial on one van. Bill boards on wheels! Ah, there's something. “Be a Glorious, Geor geous. Glamorous Go-Getter. Get Your Man With the Fatal, Fascina The Doctor Says — SCIENCE ATTACKS RETARDED GROWTH By WILLIAM A. O'BRIEN, >j „ Thirty per cent of American children suffer from preventable forms of growth failure. I; t."„ trouble is detected in time, it , easily corrected. Until recently, ordinary he and weight tables as used in •v( schools were parents’ only source of information pn the growth to"b» expected of their children. pQ.. tunately, however, scientific have now revealed a predictab'* pattern of growth for each child one which he maintains until 5o^,’ thing interferes. By'studyirsg the‘,j growth pattern. Dr. N. C. Wetzel Cleveland child specialist, has dtl signed grids for physicians to use in recording the individual growth records of their young patients, Wetzel grids indicate not "or.lv whether growth is progressing sj-. isfactorily, but also the extent ■« which this is so. As soon as , child’s grid shows that he is'nr.. doing as well as expected" the cause can be found and corrected a fact particularly valuable since failure to grow properly- may bt evident for some time before actu al illness appears. The traditional method of study, ing a child’s height and weight measurements was to compa-e them with his age. This practice is confusing unless the child; measurements are studied also in relation to the normal standard; for his size anj shape. • The sheet on which the child'; record is kept consists of a ruled and lined page with lanes marked across, in diagonal fashion, front the lower left to upper right-hand corners. Once a child gets in his lane he proceeds to stay there until he stops growing, providing nothing interferes. Children usually do not get into proper growth channels until they leave the chubby pre school days behind, for slender izing does not occur until between the sixth and seventh years ol age. But baby grids also are avail able. Formerly parents who received ! a note from school saying that ! their child was such a percentage overweight or underweight were at a loss to understand what i: j meant. From now on, however, the practice of keeping a contin- f uous inventory of a child’s devei opment will make it possible to tell parents not only how mil the child is doing, but also what he may be expected to do. QUESTION: In chronic nephri- ■ tis (inflammation of the kidney), does high blood pressure precede the kidney disorder or is it a symptom caused by it? ANSWER: In glomerulonephri tis (kidney inflammation) in young people, the high blood pressure follows the nephritis, while in older individuals the kidney dis order may be the result o! the high blood pressure. ting, Fragrant, Soap That pas the Subtle Secret of the Ages.” Per haps the pictures and legends could be changed hourly by an automatic device. A music box could play catchy jingles. That's it, singing commercials, beautiful pictures and snappy slogans. No reason why our trucks can’t serve a double purpose. Bootless Question “I declare,” complained Mr. Jenkins. “I can’t understand why everybody gave me bedroom slip pers this Christmas.” “Why, dear,” replied Mrs. Jer kins, soothingly, "that just shows what they think of you.” “You mean they think I'm a cen tipede?” wailed Mr. J. Speaking of Crops I bow with the deepest salaam to the day When the traveling salesman again will hold sway; For at last w; will settle, make certain and known The kind of a daughte. the farmer has grown. The Course Is Steady Surprises exist for the men ".J insist . That a woman’s mind is unsta ■* They will find that the change has a limited range When she sets her heart on a sab ? —Merle Beyn°» •'■'MV WE SAY by STAN J. COLLINS ILJ SLAWSOH I '• WEDDING RING -3 Among primitive tribes it was cus tomary to have bands, connected with chains, around the wrists and ankles of the bride to show she belonged to one member of the tribe-the modern wedding ring is but a relic of this cus tom.