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The Wilmington morning star. (Wilmington, N.C.) 1909-1990, February 01, 1947, Image 1

Image and text provided by University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Library, Chapel Hill, NC

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn78002169/1947-02-01/ed-1/seq-1/

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FORECAST: jjjjj ♦ 4 4 f Served By Leased Wires
tiHuumuumt fuiintutn mat ^7.
— ~_ State and National News
V£l jQ.~NO' 94' ..WILMINGTON, N. C„ SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 1, 1947 ESTABLISHED 1867
Officers New Association Of Solicitors
Here/frnllmvinefLCe^o-0dfat Association of Municip.-dand County Solicitors which
was formed t'?!l'n',n^ a atte“dcd bj 54 municipal and county judges and solicitors
who joined "ith • law ™J“rc*™en‘' f?fl'ce,,,h a Traffic School sponsored by the Institute of Gov
ernnient at Chapel Hill. First row, left to right; C. F .Burns, solicitor, City Court Winston-Salem
president; Alfonso Lloyd prosceutor. Raleigh City Court, and Frank H Patterson, Jr., soUc
Albemarle, v.ce-pr^idents Second row: W. W. Cohoon, Elizabeth City: Murchison Biggs. Eumberton
Eli Bloom. Greenville, Archie Rufty. Salisbury; Bynum E. Weathers. Shelby; V. H. Crawford Kins
ton: and James C. King, Wilmington, all members of the steering and organizational committee.
State Legislature Gets
South Piedmont Pay Plan
AIRPORTS TO ASK
FOR VHF RANGE
Proposals For Probe Of Barber Laws And
Cooperatives Tackled In Raleigh;
More Hearings Scheduled
Concerted Action By Are
Fields Deemed Neces
sary At Meeting
Concerted action on the part or
representatives of airports along
the Atlantic coast toward obtain
nig approval of the Civil Aeronau
tics Administration for the instal-,
lation of (VHF) verty high frequ
nicy radio ranges along the
route of the proposed Coastal Air
nays loomed following a meeting
of city and county representatives
m the city hall yesterday.
Slated to join the air group in
calling for CAA action are No th
•nd South Carolina congressman
is well as officials of National Air
Lilies.
In attendance at the session was
Marion Shuffler, secretary to rep
resentative J Bayard Clark, who
informed tire group that action
to prevent the further dismanting
ot equipment of Bluethenthal air
port would begin immediately. He
fxprested the opinion that in view
of a recent freezing order issued
by the War Assets Administration
the movement of airfield equip-.
ment was illegal and that Army
engineers were trespassing on the
properly bv crating any materials
for shipment.
Regarding the frequency range,
Shuffler told the group that CAA
approval could be obtained within
W days if representatives of the
CiUes in the area would get busy
end bring enough pressure to bear,
bocal officials agreed to a meet
tng of representatives about Feb
tuary 15, and were yesterday con
tacting other airport authorities in
he area seeking a preliminary
■ession prior to contacting the
bAA as suggested by Shuffler.
Neil Berboth, vice president of
‘ate Airlines, who was present
'• yesterday’s meeting, informed
group that VHF equipment
•oj4 be installed in their planes.
,‘a ed to use Wilmington as an
, stern terminal if CAA approval
tior?ra"ted t0 3 pendin§ applica
A spokesman for the Wilmington
lai'v , n°ver Airport Authority
that T. A. Deckman, WAA
jonai director in Charlotte, had
^oimed the authority that papers
!WaS, to the transfer of Blue
cmim 3 u air^e^d to New Hanover
,-v kad n°t been received. In
e' 0 the actual transfer, how
tv Dackman said that authori
s‘i,= e tect the change ef owner
WA4Ua.;. Med to the Charlotte
tive in m He is e;*>ected to ar‘
ha„a, Wilmington next week to
tioii e le deta'ls of the disposi
HIGHWAY patrolmen
To begin license
iag arrests today
*‘!te Highway Patrol officers
Bight , .th? Prowl after mid
lsfs ,ast night seeking motor
vehi,.|i were operating their
CarolinS fans the 1947 North
,lna license plate.
Public °thatrS haVe warned ‘he
their th 4 operators driving
out di!ars lhis morning with
"“uld lay,nf the Plates
court * a4ed 4o recorders
record,'' H‘ Uinf‘eld Smith of
hr co“r‘ said last night
ami,.,', mipose a fine of $10
Ctl driverSUPOn ^ aPPrehend'
Ca^olina11".,’® A- Payne, of the
llle tair AIo‘or Club, where
her Jr; are sold’ reported that
day r™e Was kept busy all
IUte 1 ,'ay as lonS lines of
ki“‘h. pu^S sought 40 ob
KALEIGH. Jan. 31.—UP)—The South Piedmont plan to provide
pay increases for teachers reached the legislature today along
.ui proposals for a legislative inquiry into enforcement of the barber
aws. and to bring cooperatives and mutual marketing associations
under the state’s income and franchise tax laws.
The South Piedmont plan, supported by hundreds of teachers.
j would provide raises ranging from
25.3 per cent to 84.84 per cent for
class “A” certificate holders; and
from 42.35 per cent to 99.67 per
! cent for graduate certificate hold
i ers.
The measure would oe effective
after June 30. Its sponsor was
•Step. Wilson of Caldwell.
The plan, which blossomed in
■he South Piedmont,, claims sup
port of hundreds of teachers and
interested organizations.
The proposed schedule, with
present pay, including the bonus,
is: class “A"’: up to one year $1,
500 and $$1,245, up to two, $1,650
and $1,272; three. $1,740 and $1,
299; four $1,830 and $1,335; five
31,920 and $1,371; six, $2,000 and
$1,407; seven, $2,100 and $1,443;
eight; $2,200 and $1,480. nine, $2,390
and $1,533; ten, $2,450 and $1,578;
eleven, $2,600 and $1,623; twelve,
$2,750 and $1,623; and $3,000 and
$1,623.
Graduate teachers would
receive; up to two years $2,000 and
$1,407; three $2,100 and $1,433; tour,
$2,200 and 1,488; five, 2,350 and
$1,533; six, $2,480 and $1,578; seven,
$2,600 and $1,623; eight, $2,700 and
$1,668; nine, $2,800 and $1,713; ten,
$2,900 and $1,758 eleven, $3,100 and
$2,288 and $$1,488. five 2,350 and
$1,803; twelve $3,300 and $3,100;
teen, 3,600 and $3,100.
The appropriation committee
will hold a hearing on the bill at
8 p.m. on February 6.
Barber Laws
A measure by Rep. Moseley of
Guilford would direct the appoint
ment of six representatives and
three senators to study the man
ner in which the barber laws have
been enforced by the state board
of barber examiners. The legisla
tive committee would be parti
cularly directed to determine
whether veterans have been dis
criminated against in their at
tempts to go into the bartering
business, whether any applica
tions for schools have been turn
ed down and why; whether fixed
charges were made to prevent
competition; and whether Negro
barbers have been discriminated
against.
The legislative committee also
would be instructed to determine
whether enforcement of the sani
tary provisions should be taken
from the board and given to the
health department, and whether
schools should be placed under
the department of public instruc
tion.
The co-op bill, introduced by
Rep. Fisher of Buncombe, hit' the
hoppers after Fisher had asserted
in a committee meeting that mar
keting associations and coopera
tives do an annual business in ex
cess of $50,000,000 a year and
that under present laws they are
required to pay only a fiat $10
franchise tax.
The house took time out to ex
tend the privileges of the floor to
Undersecretary of War Kenneth
C. Roy all. Both Rep. John Um
stead of Orange and Speaker
Pearsall recognized the part that
Royal has played in seeking to get
the Camp Butner hospital turned
over to the state so it could be
used as a mental hospital.
Royall responded briefly, saying
that while he has been in Wash
ington he had observed that North
Carolina and its citizens played
a distinguished part in the war ef
fort.
Asks Citizenship
Rep. Tompkins of Jackson sent
up a joint resolution memorializ
ing congress to emancipate mem
bers of the eastern band of Chero
kee indians in Jackson, Swain,
Graham and Che-okee counties.
Tompkins said that the lands on
which the Indians live were pur
chased by their ancestors as a
(Continued on Page 2; Col. 8)
FIRE DEPARTMENT
TAKES TOP HONOR
Named Outstanding City In
State For Fire Preven
tion Activities
The naming of the Wilmington
; fire department, as the unit in
North Carolina participating to the
greatest extent in fire pi-evention
programs was announced yester
day by Chief Ludie Croom
Selected by the National Fire
Prevention Association, the local
department was honored for its
activities during Fire Prevention
Week of October 6-12. A model of
a house depicting dangers of fires
was shown in a parade through
town at that time.
In addition to the model house,
a program of lectures, school fire
fire demonstrations and news
paper articles were presented in
behalf of the observance.
Chief Croom said that this was
the first time the local department
had been honored with first place
for its activities and that he was
proud of the entire force.
Asheville was named second in
state competition with Durham anu
Asheboro winning honorable men
tion.
9 '
PERIOD EXTENDED
FOR TAX LISTING
Listers To Be On Duty In
Courthouse Today And
AH Next Week
/ -
An extension of the perioid al
lowed residents of New Hanover
county to list their property has
been granted by Addison Hewlett,
Sr., chairman of the board of
county commissioners, it was an
nounced yesterday.
The original schedule called for
the listing period to end January
31 but Hewlitt said his office was
aware that people in some cases
have been busy and the time ex
tension was allowed in order for
these property owners to complete
the listing. ,
Tax listers will be on duty to
day in the courthouse from 8:30
Until 5:30, according to officials,
with the same schedule to be fol
lowed next week.
It was urged that all who have
not as yet completed their listings
to do so within the next few days
while the time extension is in ef
fect.
The Weather
FORECAST
North Carolina and South Carolina —
Partly cloudy, little change in tempera
ture Saturday, except colder extreme west
portion Saturday night; Sunday partly
cloudy and colder.
Meteorological data for the 24 hours
ending 7:30 p.m. yesterday.
Temperatures
1:30 a.m. 65; 7:30 a.m. 63; 1:30 p.m.
68; 7:30 p.m. 59.
Humidity
1:30 a.m. 84; 7:30 a.m. 39; 1:30 p.m.
35; 7:30 p.m. 62.
Precipitation
Total for 24 hours ending 7:30 p.m.—
0.00 inches.
Total since the first of the month —
3.10 inches.
High Low
Wilmington - 5:50 a.m. 12:22 a.m.
6:08 p.m. 1:12 p.m.
Masonboro Inlet _ 3:27 a.m. 10:05 a.m.
3:51 p.m. 10:14 p.m.
Sunrise 7:09: Su 5: M. nrise 1:29
pm.; Moon ct 3:17 a.m.
I River stage at Fayetteville, N. C. at 8
a.m., Friday, (no report) feet..
No Action
Reported In
Police Case
Local Civil Service Com
mission Head Makes
Announcement
PUBIC BARRED
Haskett Reports Progress
In Drafting Applica
tion Form
Nathan S. Haskett, Sr., chair
man of the local Civil Service com
mission, said following a meeting
of the body in the city hall last
night that positively no action had
been taken by the commission
against any member of the Wil
mington police force.
His statement came at the end
of a session to which the public
as well as the press were barred.
When asked whether any ac
tion had been taken on applications
for membership on the police force.
Haskett again replied in the nega
tive.
He did say, however, that con
siderable progress had been made
toward completing a new applica
tion form to be used in the future
in selecting members of the force
and said that it was the hope of the
commission to hold examinations
for any vacancies Which might ex
ist within the near future.
The date at which the new form
will be completed was not dis
closed.
PATROLMEN PROBE
TRUCK ACCIDENT
Vehicle Plunges Into River
At Tar Heel; Driver
Missing
Special to The Star
ELIZABETHTOWN, Jan. 31 -
State highway patrolmen and
Bladen county officers are seeking
the body or bodies of the occu
pants of a large trailer-truck that
crashed into the C^)e Fear river
at Tar Heel Thursday night.
According to patrolman Floyd
R. Bell, of Elizabethtown the
truck-trailer owned by the Godwin
Transfer company of Raleigh,
plunged off the ferry sUo while
the boat was on the otner «ide-of
the river. The heavy vehicle is re
ported to have sunk -immediately.
The patrolman, assisted by Sher
iff John B. Allen and deputies C.
C. King and A. C. Sutton of Bladen
county searched the river for the
body or bodies all during the day
Friday. It was not known how
many persons were in the truck
at the time of the accident.
The highway patrolman inform
ed the Morning Star late Friday
night by telephone that he suspect
ed foul play in the accident and
would continue his investigation
as soon as the bodies are located.
A group of U. S. Coast Guards
men from the Oak Island station,
near Southport, have been asked
to aid the search for the missing
driver and possible passengers.
The Coast Guardsmen are expect
ed to arrive on the scene early
Saturday morning.
DATE SELECTED
FOR SCRAP DRIVE
BY SHRINERS HERE
A county-wide drive to secure
100,000 pounds of scrap paper is
to be conducted on Sunday. Feb
ruary 16, by the Arab Shrine club
of New Hanover.
Funds from the paper collect
ed will be used for uniforms,
equipment, and travel expenses of
the New Hanover High school
band, according to George H.
Brinson, chariman.
Trucks used' in the collections
will be donated and manned by
members of the Shrine. High
school students will assist the lo
cal Shriners.
Serving with Brinson on the
committee are E. S. Capps and
Lt. E. J. Laeock, director of the
musical group.
Rail Magnate
i Robert R. Young (above), chair
man of the Alleghany Corporation,
disclosed in New York that he has
purchased 809,500 shares of New
York Central Railroad stock in a
declared effort to capture control
of that system. Young is also
chairman of the Chesapeake &
Ohio railroad. (AP YVirephoto).
YOUNG TO FORM
NEW RAIL GROUP
Federation For Railroad
Progress To Speed
Improvements
PALM BEACH, Fla., Jan. 31 —
<-P) — Robert R. Young, railroad
i executive, announced a plan today
j for a Federation tor Railroad
j Progress which he said would
I "take over the function which the
; American Association of Rail
I toads has failed to perform.”
1 The Federation, said Young,
would be made up of security hold
ers instead of bankers.
* Young reported that he became a
heavy stockholder in the New York
Central railroad "to get the bank
ers out of that situation and put
competition back into railroads.”
He is chairman of both the
Alleghany Corp. and the Chesa
peake and Ohio railroad, and has
announced that he plans to set up
tlie nation's first coast-to-coast
rail system.
Young pointed out in an inter
view here that his fight to per
mit oassengers to travel from
coss’jvte /-oast without changing
sleepers was won a -year ago'.' "
He stated there are 45,000 ob
solete passenger cars in use now
which are being replaced at the
rate of 3,000 a year.
"Simple arithmetic shows it
will take 15 years at this rate
to replace old cars, and general
modernization of railroads will
take 20 years. By that time the
present new cars will be obsolete.”
He said he has a three-way plan
to "cause railroads to catch up”
with modernization.
His first step is to establish the
Federation for Railroad Progress,
and the second to "go into the New
York Central to get the bankers
out of that situation.” Finally, he
said he would do all possible to
defeat the Bulwinkle bill pending in
Congress which, said Young, would
make it legal for railroads to mu
tually agree against progressive
steps.
YcJ«g declared that the rail
roads have as important a part
in national defense as the Army
or Navy, but that “instead of be
ing in the atomic age, the rail
roads are in the era of the high
wheeled Fords.”
FOUR NEW MEMBERS
INDUCTED AS LIONS
AT WRIGHTSVILLE
Four new members were induct
ed into the Wrightsville Lions club
at their recent dinner meeting in
the Luna restaurant, it was learned
last night.
New members are W. R. Wiggs,
Jr., Francis M. Foy, George Came
lis. and Cecil Robinson.
Wiggs was also appointed publici
ty chairman for the club.
President Ennis Robertson pre
sided over the meeting and the dis
cussion of routine business.
Along The Cape Fear
LATE AGAIN — A telephone con
versation with Ray Galloway con
firmed what we had suspected
ever since we learned that the lo
cal post of the American Legion
was rated fifth in size in the Old
North State.
Mr. Galloway, active in veterans
affairs and state vice commander
of the American Legion, was the
one to whom we turned when we
heard the official rating by the
national headquarterr in Indianap
olis, Ind. That rating you may re
call said that Wilmington’s Post
No. 10 was the fifth largest in
North Carolina.
“That’s gn easy one to answer,”,
Mr. Galloway replied.
“The rating was for the year 1946
and last year there were four
posts in the state larger than ours,”
he said.
But the rating of fifth during 1947
is a long way from being accurate.
NO. ONE SPOT — Recently re
turned from a conclave of top
Legion officials in Durham, Mr.
Galloway reports that Wilming
ton ranks No. one in the Depart
ment of North Carolina.
At p.esent there are 1,340 mem
bers of the local Legion organiza
tion and second in line is Gastonia
with a total of 1,314 members.
Membership cards in the Ameri
can Legion expire on January 1,
Mr. Galloway informed us. And
just why the national headquarters
should wait this long before mak
ing a report on last year’s ranking
is a trifle more than the local Le
gionnaire can figure out.
So all you good residents of the
Port City who may have become
alarmed oyer Wilmington being
ranked fifth in the state, you can
cast your fears aside.
Wilmington to date is still No.
One in the state.
PORT PROGRESS — The return
of shipping news to the Morning
Star really brings joy to our souls.
For many a month we have been
championing the revival of port
traffic and now it appears that it’s
really here.
Not so long ago we predicted that
the Port City would soon be boast
ing regular passenger service to
many ports of the globe.
As yet no regular passenger serv
ice has been restored but the regu
lar entry and departing of numer
ous cargo ships is a sure sign
(Continued on Page 2; Col. 2),
---—-—
I Japanese Unions To Defy
MacArthur’s Strike Order;
A FL Suggests CIO Merger
GREEN REVEALS
NEW PEACE BID
Murray Refuses To Com
ment On Suggestion To
Combine Forces
MIAMI, Fla.. Jan. 31—WP)—The
AFL proposed a merger with the
CIO tonight in a sudden move to
unify all U. S. labor in a fight
against "objectionable” legisla
tion.
The AFL executive council of
15 top labor leaders unanimously
authorized President William
Green to send a letter to CIO Pres
ident Philip Murray suggesting
consolidation of their more than
13 million members.
ClO-founder John L. Lewis, now
an AFL vice president, would be
one of the AFL’s five negotiators
for the proffered unification.
The CIO broke away from the
AFL in 1936. Last peace confer
ences ended in failure in 1939.
Green wrote to Murray in reply
to the CIO chief’s communication
of last December 5, urging unity
of action to meet the political,
economic and legislative threats
against unions. Murray had not
suggested actual merger.
Green appointed a committee of
five to meet with a like committee
from the CIO. If the offer is ac
cepted by Murray. On the AFL’s
committee w'ith Green are Lew'is,
President of the United Mine
Workers: William L. Hutcheson,
head of the Carpenters: Daniel J.
Tobin, chief of the Teamsters:
George Me any, secretary-treasurer
of the AFL.
The aging Green, who has head
ed the AFL since 1924, offered in
1944 to retire as president if it
would help to bring about a united
labor front.
Green said that in view of Mur
ray’s letter, he thought the CIO
president would act “favorably”
on the proposal to get together
Details of any merger would have
to be worked out by the commit
tees. Green told a news confer
ence. Neither in the letter to Mur
ray nor in his talk with reporters
did Green lay down any conditions
.to uniting their forces. -
The Murray letter was written
during the recent coal strike, when
Lewis and his bituminous coal
miners were under a court injunc
tion requested by the government,
and had been fined $3,510,000 for
contempt of court in permitting
the mine shutdowns to begin.
Murray one was vice president
of the miners’ union. He now heads
the CIO -steel workers as well as
the CIO.
Lewis created the CIO in 1935
as a committee of the AFL. Later
he clashed with Hutcheson, Tobin
and Green over the industrial
unization , Ians of the CIO. and the
bushy-haired mine leader broke
away from the AFL in 1936.
He quit as president of the' CIO
in November 1940. after backing
Republican-Wendell L. Willkie for
the presidency of the United States
Two years later Lewis fired Mur
ray as vice president of the UMW
and withdrew from the CIO.
The 66-year-old miners’ chief
completed the cycle last January,
when he strode into the executive
council meeting here and paid up
his per capita dues for 600.000
members of the UMW. To Green.
{Continued on Page 2; Col. 2)
WOMEN,CHORE
TO BE EVACUAT D
Palestine Head Orders
Compulsory Exit of
British Subjects
JERUSALEM, Jan. 31. _(jpy_
The Palestine government ordered
today the compulsory evacuation
of all British women and children
in the Holy Land to Great Britain
and the removal of all government
officials into security camps in a
move presaging drastic military
action to stamp out Palestine ter
rorism.
The first reaction from some Brit
ish civilians affected by the evacua
tion order was blunt refusal. Many
of the women, only recently reunit
ed with their husbands, said they
would not heed the order to return
to Great Britain to face housing
problems and food shortages.
It was rumored without confir
mation in Jerusalem that the next
step in the security program after
the evacuation will be the declara
tion of statutory martial law. It
was said the plan for martial law
was drafted during Field Marshal
Lord Montgomery’s recent visit to
Palestine.
Another unconfirmed report set
in circulation by the evacuation
order was that Dov Bela Gruner,
sentenced to hang for participation
in an 'attack on a police station,
would be executed Tuesday and
that acts of violent retribution prob
ably would follow the hanging.
Gruner was to have been execut
ed last Tuesday, but the hanging
was stayed after two British ci
vilians were kidnapped last Sunday
oy members of Irgun Zvai Leumi,
Jewish underground movement to
which Gruner was attached. The
civilians, both former officers,
were released after Gruner was
reprieved.
0. MAX GARDNER
WELL PREPARED
FOR NEW DUTIES
WASHINGTON, Jan. 31—iA>)
—Ambassador O. Max Gard
ner will leave for England next
week prepared for anything
from a formal levee at the
Court of St. Jame's to a 60
day siege.
In the envoy’s baggage will
be:
Two pairs of satin knee
breeches.
2. A 60-day supply of food.
The knee breeches were pre
sented to Gardner by friends
at a stag dinner—although the
formal levees at which they
are required have not been
held for nine years.
The ambassador told re
porters he and his family are
taking along the food to avoid,
as much as possible, draining
scant British supplies.
One pair of Gardner’s shiny
knee pants is the regulation
black, but the other is a bril
liant green, with stripes.
These, bis friends told him,
are in case he goes to Eire
and wants to wear breeches
there.
While there is some doubt
that he will ever wear the
green pants, Gardner will don
the black breeches for court
levees if any are held.
ARREST EXPECTED
IN DAHLIA CASE
Best Lead Yet In West
Coast Crime Bared By
Police Captain
LOS ANGELES. Jan. 31.—OP)—
Police said today that they were
ready to close in on a new suspect
in the mutilation murder of 22
year old Elizabeth Short, known to
her friends as the “Black Dahlia.”
The latest clue was furnished
by Norris Stensland,! inspector of
the sheriff’s office.
Captain Stensland said it might
be some time before his informa
tion could be checked out.
--•S’Rmshmtra-stfga the suspect is
"in a house,” adding cryptically:
“It looks as though everything
was there.”
Police previously had said that
Miss Short’s body, bisected at the
abdomen and otherwise mutilated,
had been washed clean before it
was found Jan. 15 in a vacant lot
and that the slayer must have
held her captive in a house.
Earlier today Captain Danahoe
had told his aides that probably
the slayer was not one of her
large group of friends, but likely
was a casual pickup.
Officers were awaiting the
promised arrival here of Wac
Sgt. Mary Stiader from Maxwell
Field, Ala., who reported she was
able to identify a huge army
sergeant with whom Miss Short
was friendly while she was a post
exchange employe at Camp Cooke
near Santa Maria, Calif. Sgt.
Strader reportedly was grounded
in Washington by bad weather.
DISCRIMINATION
CHARGES AIRED
North Carolina’s Hoey Out
lines Educational Ad
vantages
WASHINGTON. Jan. 31. —UP)—j
Senator Hoey (D.-N.C.) says he
has “sought to disabuse the minds
of the Senate as well as of the
country of the idea that the South
discriminates against Negroes.”
The former North Carolina gov
ernor said in a statement in the
Congressional Record:
“You know that is the general
opinion. I can well understand how
the opinion prevails, and yet I do
not think that there is the basis for
it that so many people imagine.”
Then the Senator followed with
a resume of a speech he made re
cently in New York on the subject.
He said in the speech thah the
states of New York. Pennsylvania.
Ohio and Michigan “permit all
children, Negroes and w'hite, to go
to the same schools, but that they
do not permit the Negroes to teach
in any very large numbers in those
schools.”
He contrasted this with the situa
tion in North Carolina as an ex
ample, saying that Pennsylvania
has two-fifths as many Negro citi
zens as North Carolina and yet
there are only 400 Negro school
teachers in Pennsylvania.
“If Pennsylvania,’’ he said, “had
as many Negroes as North Carolina
has and gave the same proportion
of teachers, they would have 900
Negro school teachers, whereas
North Carolina has 7,435 Negro
school teachers, x x x
“In North Carolina, we maintain
five colleges solely for the Negroes,
and every professor in those col
leges and every president is a
Negro, xxx
“In North Carolina we provide
that every Negro child from the
day it enters school until it gradu
ates from the university is taught
by a member of his own race We
emphasize race pride instead of
race prejudice, race integrity in
stead of race amalgamation and I
(Continued en Pace *; Col. >)
EXPRESS WORKERS
TO HALT SERVICE
Supreme Allied Command
er Issues Stern Remind
er Of Dangers
TOKYO, Saturday, Feb. 1.——
General MacArthur forced cancel
lation today of Japan's great gen
eral strike, but one big union de
clared it would ignore his order
and other labor leaders obeyed
reluctantly.
Union leaders told their 2,400.
000 workers to stay on the job only
after MacArthur issued a written
directive to “desist" because he
could not permit such a weapon to
be used in improverished Japan.
The unions had ignored verbal
orders from supreme headquar
ters, and today the All-Japan Ex
press Company union, claiming
130,000 members, said it would
strike tomorrow, defying the writ
ten order as well.
The Express union hauls in most
of Tokyo’s food and hence fall*
squarely within MacArthur’s pro
hibition.
Not a single wildcat strike was
reported, all utilities were opera
ting, and streetcars and subways
were running in Tokyo. The strike
had been set for midnight last
night.
Yashiro Ii, chairman of the cen
tral strike committee of the power
ful government workers unions,
declared in a nation-wide broad
cast last night the strike was off
on "General MacArthur’s orders.”
"Although it is extremely regret
table, he said, “we must comply
as it is a, categorical imperative.
We respect Americans and are
thankful to them for what they did
during the food crisis (past year).
We must comply.”
Li called on the government to
reopen negotiations on wage is
sues, and in terms reminiscent of
those used by Japanese propagand
ists in explaining defeats during
the war, added:
"There is such a thing as ‘one
step retreat, two steps forward’.”
MacArthur’s statement was is
sued nine hours before the strike
was set to begin and was splash
ed in Tokyo newspapers.
At the same time the, conserva
tive Japanese cabinet, which had
failed to solve the strike crisi»
and was under persistent attack
by the labor elements, was thor
oughly reshuffled, with six new'
members—all conservatives.
The strike of 2,400.000 employes
of railways, utilities, the postal
service and similar services, rvas
scheduled for midnight. The un
ions demanded a. 200 per cent in
crease in wages and alteration of
the cabinet.
Day In Congress
By The Associated Press
RENTS — Maj. Gen. Philip B
Fleming, head of the office of temp,
orary controls, told a Senate hear
ing it was he who prepared an or.
der granting landlords a 10 per
cent boost in rents. President Tru
man killed the order, he said.
TAXES—GOP tax-slashing hopes
brightened as the Senate-House
budget committee received expert
testimony that next year's reve
nues will exceed President Tru
man's estimates figures by $200,
000,000 and reach $37,928,000,000.
Congressmen were still at odds on
how benefits of the lightened tax
load may be shared between the
low-income group and the rich.
LABOR - Two industrialists told
the Senate Labor committee that
unionization of foremen destroy*
their loyalty to management. Sen
ator Pepper (D.-Fla.l upheld the
foremen’s right to bargain collect
ively.
RUSSIA — Senator Bridges (R.
N. H. i bitterly criticized what he
termed U. S. ’’appeasement” of
Russia and urged Secretary of
State Marshall to take a firm stand
at the biff powers conference in
Moscow, March 10.
PAYROLL Rep. Taber (R.-N.
Y.) formally proposed that 1.000,000
of the government’s 2,300.000 ci
vilian employes snould fce fired to
cut federal expenses — a saving of
S3.500,000.000 yearly.
A-BOMBS — The atomic energy
commission reported to Congress
that “improved atomic weapons”
are being developed and said prog
ress is being achieved. The report
indicated a more powerful atomic
bomb than the Nagasaki and Bikini
types may be in the offing.
And So To Bed
W'e have had the Penny
Parade, the Half-Penny parade
and a minor flurry of other
types of coins in “And-so-to
bed, but this morning we come
up with something brand new.
This time we present a
twenty-five cent article and
not in coin, mind you.
Mr. Thomas Phillips, 330
N'orth Seventh street, tells us
he has a twenty-five cent
paper currency certificate. He
said he found the paper “two
bits” while stationed in tho
Army in New Jersey. The
money was printed in 1863, ac
cording to Mr. Phillips.
Which reminds us that the
old saying “Don’t take any
wooden nickels” was taboo in
Wilmington several years ago
when wooden nickels were sold
as souviners of the centennial
celebration here.

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