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COUNTRY DOCTOR !
NEEDS SUPPORT It’* A Long Way To Hos pital* For Many North Carolina Families Editor’s note: This is the first in a sc:\es of articles written for and donated to the current Good Health campaign by North Carolina's leading feature writers. By COLVIN T. LEONARD Special Writer, The Greensboro Daily News. GREENSBORO — Distance be tween widely separated parts of the world has been translated into a mere matter of hours and min utes, but it is still a long way to the nearest hospital for thou pends of North Carolina farm families. The country doctor gets arouna > lot faster than he did back in the days of patient and faithful Old Dobbin and the mud-spattered buggy, but even with a speedy au tomobile and good roads it is quite in assignment to be physician to 1,600 men, women, and children fe scattered Carolina farm homes. North Carolina, despite its boast id achievements in many fields, has been brought up against these and other irrefutable facts of the inadequacy of its medical and hos pital facilities. Because the state Is more rural than urban, the im plications are even more vital fo the average farm family than the »ize of next season's crop. At the same time, this is a prob.em that is closely related to the welfare and security of the entire citizen ihip of the state. This disturbing and alarming fact of inadequate hospital and medical care is not something which has come suddenly into be ing. It was there all the time:, DUt it has only recently been brought into focus to mar the picture of our complacency. Maybe it is incorrect to say that North Carolina more or less Humbled into its medical care and hospital problem. However, the fact is that what is now knewn is the “Good Health Movement” goi under way in 1943 when it was discovered that many of our young men were physically unfit for mili tary service and that a critical shortage of both doctors and hos pital beds was particularly seri ous in most rural counties. Leaders of the North Carolina Medical Society appealed to then Governor J. M. Broughton <o in augurate a plan for improvement of health conditions in the state. In February,' 1944. Governor Broughton nSmed a state hospital and medical Care commission, headed by Dr. Clarence Poe. edi tor of the Progressive Farmer, to atudy conditions and develop a Itatewide program This commission made a careiui Study and investigation of the con ditions and reached the inescap able conclusion that the serious iituation was due largely to lacit of doctors, hospitals and medical personnel. The 1945 General As sembly gave grest impetus to the ! program. What were some of the facts' that led this conclusion'.' Weil, j In the first place North Carolina’s assignment to the category of ag ricultural slates was justified by statistics showing that 73 percent of her people live in rural areas. Furthermore, the statistics showed that only 31 percent cf the state's doctors were serving this large segment of population. Although North Carolina— rank ing 45th in the number of phy sicians per 100.000 population- -has one doctor for every 1,554 persons, it has only one physician lor every 8,600 rural residents. The state needs approximately 1,300 more doctors to provide one lor each thousand citizens. It may not greatly impress you to quote statistics to t h e effect that 41 states have more hospital beds per thousand population th-n North Carolina. However, you can not as easily get away from the implications of the fact that there are 33 counties in the state which have not 3 single hospital bed. You should be impressed by the related fact that 42 percent ot the state's hospital beds are loea’ea in six large urban areas. Statistical information Ukes on more meaning when we considei it in terms of health and welfare of individual men, women ano children. The fact that North Car olina had the h:g. csl percentage of dr ft rejections in trie nation is a disgraceful "lirsl” which must be measured in terms of the physical handicaps of individua youths. It is time for action when 49 percent of the stale's white boys and 71 percent of its Negroes are found physically unfit for mili tary duty. This health problem is as per sonal as the failure of about 100, 000 school children to make theii grades every year in our public schools s nee a large percentage of these "repeaters" are the vie tims of physical defects that could be corrected. Can we li htly dismiss the alarming fact that a recent state wide examination of Nortn Caro lina school boys revealed that. Ho! percent had 9 feclive teeth 16 percent h-.d defective vision, 16 percent v.ere underweight and 14 percent had defective tonsils'.' The alternative to a collective shrug o the shoulder to this state problem is positive action, and this means the correction of our deficiencies in medical end Hospital care No'h'ng is more tragic than the death cf a yu n- mother in t tv Id birth. and North Carolina has more than its share of these tragi dies as it ranks 41st in maternal mortality, and 38th in infant mor tality. Could there be' a relation between these statistics and the fact that last year 15.000 births l-wn4jirf^ Yfir t„ v wi if HEHE ! ! \ x < ii o n HA'f'V ARK CO. 1‘innt and llm k Sts lkial 504! ' ... j TheyTI Do It Every Time By Jimmy Hatlo /^OSAayCOULPNT^ / COME 1CQ\V, EH ? ( PIP I EVER TELL >t>U / X KNEW HER BEFORE . SHE >ANP COPLEy ^ / GOT MARRlEP? Jy ( SHE THOUGHT £§( l HE HAP MONEy J^NOT ONLY THAT-^ > SHE HAP TO SO TO WORK FOR HIM THEY LIVED IN ONE ROOM BEFORE "THEY SPLIT UP , THE FIRST TIME S WERE READS' 4 10 GO HOME, AND \ \ THEY HAVEN'T EVEN /' ( PLAYED ONE / ,V HAND VET- J ) /['WELL, WHO^T^ / // COMES TO A \ I ( BRIDGE PARTY ) V TO PLAY CARDS J V. ANYWAY ? J|js 4 Ns^-PVr-7/T-r'^i^B #Ydu either gotW/; 'd TO COME AND y/r TALK OR STAY Y'/, I HOME ANO BE ] V/TALKEP ABOUT/ ^theYve got\ FY EVERYTHING RIGHT \ / BUT THE FACT IT J V WAS COOLEY VWO ( THOUGHT SALL/ Y Whap pqughYY-— * ^telfTTTBiri I //// ' /M. fcopt. 1 M^KIXG FEATURES SYNDICATE, ^ Come eariv amp STAV LATE IF you PONT WANT TD BE PUT ON THE BAN 'IKosmL'Ib K.L.M.B anpF, NEwyjRK, N.y. HINKLE ADVOCATES OUT-OF-TOWN JOBS Many Good Positions Open, According To Vets Serv ice Assistant “'There are many good jobs for veterans who have the sincere de sire to work hard and intelligent ly with an eye to the future”. Harold M. Hinkle, field assistant. Veterans Employment Service, said yesterday. ‘‘In spite of substantial unem ployment of veterans in South eastern North Carolina, there re mains a demand for veterans who have the necessary qualifications and the backbone,” Hinkle con tinued. Enrployers are always looking for men with bookkeeping and stenographic experience, men to operate dry-cleaning plants, fill ing stations, laundries, electric re pair shops, and many other jobs that only require inititave and the will to spend some time at their work. For the men who are willing to leave town to secure a well paying position, there are jobs in the state, nation, and overseas. These jobs pay off in security and good wages, and it i$ advisable to go to the job if you can't find one at home. Hinkle concluded his statements with the following ad vice. "If you are an unemployed veteran and can qualify for these jobs, see your State Employment Office today.” HUGE COUNTRY Brazil, largest nation in the western hemisphere, is so large that we could place all 48 of the United States within its borders, with an extr= Texas thrown in. were attended by midwives be cause a doctor was not available? This problem of hospital and medical care is statewide, but more significantly it is rural in its more serious aspects and im plications. All the statistics bear ing On the problem must be in terpreted in terms of the humani ties and economics of a state which, despite ideas to the con trary, is still predominantly agri cultural. Now that the disturbing facts have been revealed, the North Carolina Good Health association is spearheading the movement to make a reality out- of the hospital and medical care commission rec ommendations. At the top of the commission’s six-point list of things to be done is a proposal that the state match federal funds under the Hill-Bur ton Act for the construction of local general hospitals and health center^. In order to get a better distribution of medical care and more adequate service, it is pro posed that there be at least one hospital or health center in every county. However, these hospitals and health centers will not solve the pioblem of rural health unless ihere are enough' physicians to staff them and to look after tile physical wellbeing of 73 percent of our population. So .it is proposed to have a medical education fund to encourage young North Caro linians to become doctors and practice in these rural areas. Par ticularly, the need is for young farm boys to be trained as” phy sicians for service among the peo : pie of their home communities ihe north Carolina Medical Care commission estimates that it will cost $48,000,000 over a five year period to achieve the pro posed “hospital-or - health center ■n-ever-county plan.” The state’s ■ share will be about $20,000,000. while the share of the counties and neat communities will approxi mate $10,500,000. The remainder bl come irom iedc al assistance. wnat will be the cost if the pro gram is not carried out? The an swer cannot be correctly stated in dollars and cents; rather, it can be given only in terms of the tragic consequences of failure to i deal aggressively with this dial ! enge of our hospital and medical j cere deficiencies. A North Carolina manufacture! recently reported that time lost last year in his plant due to sick ness was 55 percent above the national average. If such is the case in the field of industry, the facts must be much more disturbing when we I '-urn to agriculture since il is I North Carolina’s biggest business j Jnd the health problem has a de 9idcdly rural angle. North Carolina will have ad vanced far along the road of prog ress when it has hospital facilities within an area of one to 25 miles for every family within its bounda ries. The real measure in this matter is not the dollar but rathe’- the lawful and moral claim of every n\an, woman and child to a bel ter break in this all u&pojrtent business of he<h. SO Years Service Marked By Paper By RYE PAGE JR., Star-News Staff Writer A lot of water has flowed down the historic Cape Fear river and our section has undergone many a change since 1867, the year the oldest daily newspaper in North Carolina came into being to greet the residents of Southeastern North Carolina each morning. Oddly enough, The Morning Star first appeared as an evening news paper on September 23, 1867, but one month later it changed to the morning field and during these 80 years has strived, together with its younger partner, to give its readers the best possible service. The Wilmington News, the 53 year-old contemporary, was start ed by The Dispatch Publishing company in January, 1894. as the Wilmington Dispatch. The original paper eventually operated under several different names, finally settling down to its present title. Today’s Star, The News and The Sunday Star-News come to you as established newspapers published by the same organization for al most two decades and with a background of a total of 133 years' service. The founder of The Star was Major W. H. Bernard, scion of a noted North Carolina family and | a native of Fayetteville, His rea son for selecting Wilmington as the site for his newspaper was that he looked upon the city, near rne scene ol tile Jrort Fisher de bacle, as the logical place to be-j gin his campaign of restoring the south to its pre-Civii war positlion. The original newspaper was Quite different from the one you receive today. The first issue con tained six pages with five eight inch columns to the page. The paper has grown to any number of paces averaging from eight to 24 daily in these days of news print shortages. The year 1910 saw The Star sold to a stock company with William E. Springer as president and Joseph E. Thompson as vice-pres ident and general manager. Ill health on the part of Maiffr Ber nard was the reason for the change. A group of stockholders com posed, among others, of J. 0. Carr, J. A. Taylor. W. H. Sprunt. J. L. Sprunt, M. W. Jacobi and J. Holmes Davis purchased the newspaper in 1919. This company operated it until 1927. In the meanwhile, The Dispatch was publishing as an afternoon paper operated by a Company composed of James F. Perry, Clayton C. Redd, George W. Cameron and R. P. McClammy. Perry was the first editor and the first issue appeared on January 10. 1894. as a four-page, six column sheet with a circulation of 600. The success of the new paper was short lived, however, and the Dispatch ceased publication in 1923. Sensing the need of an afternoon newspaper, the Star rose to the occasion and with on'v three days notice started The News. N Determined not to give up so easy, The Dispatch was revived and gave The News spirited com petition. The two papers, under the name of The News-Dispatch, were merged in October. 1923, and were operated by Joseph ■ E. Thompson. C. C. Bellamy, and George McFariane. In 1927, The Star was sold to the R. W. Page. Sr., corporation j with R. B. Page, Sr., as publisher.1 Two years later, the corporation' purchased The New's-Dispatch and consolidated the papers under the1 title of The Star-News. Page bought the Star-News in! March, 1938, and continues as publisher today. Under his guid ance, the paper has grown to be one of the most respected dailv publications in the state and has constantly advocated p r ogress in Wilmington. dome 01 the many achievements which The Star-News has been in strumental in effecting in Wil mington are the removal of tolls over the Cape Pear river bridge, a free causeway to Wrightsville' Eeach, paving of Wrightsville | Beach, parking meters for the; city, traffic signals at important intersections within the city limi<t a ROTC unit for New Hanover High school, an adequate a'irport at Bluethenthal field, air service to this section, a deeper channel from Wilmington to the sea, sup plement in the school budget. Cit- ’ council - manager form of govern j rrent. the development of resort: in southeastern North Carolina new' industries, industrial agent, the North Carolina link of the In tracoastal waterway, and. during the war. Camp Davis and 'the North Carolina Shipbuilding com pany. In orde>- to encourage Wilming Ion's well- rounded advancement'' ho policy of the panel' include advocacy of a Junior college. .' Tuberculosis sanatorium. State l Port* terminally the continuation Df attraction of new industry, greater development of agriculture and many other undertakings for this section of the state. Besides promoting Wili'kigton, the management of the Star-News is ever anxious to please its sub scribers by putting out the best newspaper possible. In order to do this new equipment and extra of fice space is required. The installation of a 64-page high speed Goss press hft. been completed and is now in operation. This gives Wilmington the largest and most modern press ■ in the eastern part of the state. The new press is capable of printing in color and producing newspapers at the speed of 70.000 an hour. Construction of two new floors color and producing newspapers over the new press room adjacent to the Murchison building annex, and also a floor over the business offices of the Star-News an^ the Security National Bank is now underway. Plans include an addition to the composing room, the astablisn ment of a new and modern photo engraving department, more spa cious newsVand editorial depart ments, a larger mail room and several storage rooms. Each one is to be designed so as to increase the efficiency of the i various de partments. So, with its combined history of 133 years, the Star-News news papers are today in betlfer position not only to continue but enlarge their field of service to a large and rich part of North Carolina. This position was attained through the sincere support of the public and a determination on the part of the publication’s manage ment to always follow a progres sive policy. EARNINGS REPORTED WEST POINT, Va., Feb. 15.— UP)—The Chesapeake Corporation of Virginia, manufacturer of pulp paper products, reported today a net profit for the calendar year 1946 of $1,437,747.20 after provision for federal and slate income taxes. The earnings are equal to $3,103 each on 462,665 shares of common stock. This compares with 1945 earnings of $1,204 per shard. The United Stales has 11 times as many miles of railway as Great Britain and 36 times as many as China. METHODIST CHURCH STARTING COURSE —_ • ^ Training School Will Start Tonight And Continue Through Thursday A training school, vonsored by the Methodist churches of Wil mington, will begin tonight at 7:30 o’clock in the Fifth Avenue Metho dist church, it was announced yes terday. The School will meet each night at the same time through Thurs day and four courses will be of fered. The Rev. Edgar Fisher, pastor. Trinity Methodist church, and act ing dean of the school, will have charge of the opening devotional services. Mrs. W. R. Reed, Luray, Va., who is active in the work of reli gious education in the Virginia Conference, will teach the course, “Use of the Bible With Children.” Workers with children will be especially interested in this course. Mrs. Emmett H. Saville, Roa noke, Va., has had wide experience in training school work and will offer a course on “Guiding Inter mediates.” The Rev. K. R. Wheeler, pastor, Wesley Memorial Methodist church will lead the course on “Method ism,” designed especially for young people and young adults. The course for adults, “Steward ship in Life.” will he lead by Mrs. Helen B. Bourne of Greenwood. S. C., who is well known among the Methodists for her work with the board of missions. Bandit Is Captured With ‘Nitroglycerine’ DETROIT. Feb. 15. — — A young bandit, brandishing two vials of “nitroglycerine,” was cap tured by police today 60 seconds after he passed a holdup note to an executive of a midtown branch bank. Det. Lieut. James Maher identi fied him as Henry G. Benson. 21, and said he was held without charge for investigation of rob bery armedi The officer said Benson, an ama teur (Negro) chemist, had con cocted the bottled mixture himself and had come within a hair’s breadth of creating a powerful ex plosive. George W. Blatchford. manage! of the bank, stepped on a police alarm button when the youth de manded money. Cruising squad cars shrieked to a stop before the bank a minute later, Maher said, and five police officers rushed and overpowered Benson. No Definite Action Seen On Truck Route NO DEFINITE ACTION .. City Manager J. R. Benson said yesterday that no definite action by the city council tvas expected to be taken on the truck by-pass route when the State Highway commis sion recommendations are report ed by SHC chairman A. H. Graham at a meeting Wednesday. Graham will present the findings and proposed plans of the commis sion to the council following its scheduled session. Benson announced the meeting would be open to the pblic. and when asked by a Star-News report er where# the group might adjourn should the council chamber over flow. the city manager said that he hid not anticipate a crowd so large. About 20 per cent of all oassen ger automobiles registered in the United States are On farms. PKISINTS Color success ot the season: ^ the crlmson-velvei make-up for lips and fingertips. Lip pencil, 1.25 to 2.J0. Nail lacquer, l.oo. Rouge, 1.50. Two shades of powder: pink Drama undertone and dark Drama overtone. Each, 1.75, 3.00 pric«c plot taxM Light Switch Tells Tales On City Folk By JACK COWIE The switc hon your lamp and plug on your electric washer, ironer and other household equipment has turned detective, and is now telling on you to the extent of letting the world-at-large know what time Wilmington eats, goes to bed, gets up and comes home. All this comes about throuah the*-_ readings of kilowatt hour con sumption on the charts in the pow er house of the Tide Water Power company. Facts used in the compilation came from A. J. Harriss, power engineer, who pointed out that the living habits of city and county folk Show up very definitely on the lgrge number of charts which indicate average consumption of electricity for the various hours of the day and the days of the week. It seems, according to ‘Reddy Monday, but with small peaks showing on the chart each morn ing during the week. Bathing, formerly a Saturday night indulgence, does not show’ up on the chart, revealing that folks bath several times or more during the week. Added loads are noticed during the summer monfhs, Harris; said, as refrigeration units come into the fore. VA Hospital Care OtfmdJVom(„, cal care for service re*** ^ ability as male veteran ^I W- Barrett. state S K said yesterday. lce oft-,, I In addition thev m... , for non-service connected S ‘y eithe>' in Veterans h„ ** by pm-ate dictor.- n "p’al!, Petals when government are not available, he M However, VA authorize be obtained before priv* > 01 private hospitals msv he added. ay be ^ Male veterans with n-ri connected disabll:-;^ mg laws can r.ot ae er !<:t, private hospitals o- bv /. ea"‘ei; tors at federal expc'::*se They are entitled to for non-service connected > les in 7A hospitals .viren available and in VA .r'.'11 restricted conditions Kilowatt mat me country ioik no i longer get up with sun and leave the fields at dusk. The average i consumption of electricity stays i low and constant until about 5 o’clock in the morning then slowly picks up to a 7 o’clock peak which indicates that most farmers start their electric milkers sometime after the sun starts to rise then come in for breakfast between the hour of 6:30 and 7 o’clock. Not so with his city cousin, who likes to lie in bed until the last moment. Consumption in the urban areas show that a rise on the charts does not start until 7 o’clock, indicating lights are start ing to dot homes in the city, keep ing a steady rise until 10 o’clock when the last of the stay-in-bed der’s apparently start their day. In the country electric consump tion falla rapidly after breakfast until 9 o’clock, then starts a steady rise to 6 p. m. The country' chart remains nor mal until 9 p. m. then Starts to drop off until 10:30 p. m. which appears to- be the ’witching hour, j This goes to prove the old adage that “the country man goes to bed earlier than the city dweller’’ and further impetus is given to the thought by the city chart which shows a 7 o’clock peak—probably dinner time—then drops off grad ually until 1 a. m. However, this is not true Of Sat urday night, when the low is not reached until 2 a. m. which proves the city ’feller’ still likes his Sat urday night parties. One oddity of the findings is that Monday morning reveals an earlier rising hour for city dwellers, prob ably due to the day of rest they have received on Sunday. Washday seems to be everyday with no particular load noticed on -LI- : ~ - - ■ - -- big SPRING "H" CATALOG IS "H"ERE! Tell your friends and neighbors Come in and see it Shop the Catalog Way and SAVE Everything you need in one stop Catalog Shopping Servlet 307 So. Front St. IVilniinfton, N, C. I)ial 2-2621 New Beauty for Your Home1 Get your home ready for Spring with colorful new drapes and slip covers, and lovely tailored and ruffled curtains from our smart new stock. And for the re maining cold nights select a beautiful new blanket. Our Home Furnishings depart-, ment is full with new Spring things to brighten your home . . . for better living! Egyptian Lace CURTAINS $5-45 Pair Straight tailored panel Egyp tian lace curtains in an assort ment of lovely designs. Ecru only, 2 1-6 yards long. Ruffled Marquisette CURTAINS $4-45 Pair Beautiful Berk-Sheer ruffled marquisette curtains in ivory shade. Complete with matching tie-backs. 2% yards long. Organdy CURTAINS $5-95 Pair Min-Sheer ruffled permanent finish organdy curtains. Crisp, sheer, dirt - resistant. White only, 2ti yards long. _ _ Cotton Damask DRAPERY $2.45 Yard Quality cotton damask drapery fabrics in beautiful raised de signs. Burgundy, maroon, dusty rose and gold color tones. All 48” wide. Cotton Twill Drapery—Slip Cover FARRICS $1.45 Yard Puritan print cotton twill drap ery and slip cover fabrics in colorful Spring shades. Tropi cal floral designs in assorted colors. 36” wide. BLANKETS Chatham’s “Lamsdown” ' $16-95 Famous 100% virgin woo! Chat- j ham "Lamsdown” blankets in solid colors with exquisitely tailored rayon satin binding. Size 72x90. Touraine Blankets $3.95 to $8-95 Double and single fold part wool Touraine blankets in stripes and solid colors with contrasting rayon satin binding. Size 72x84. FEATHER PILLOWS New shipment feather pillows made with all new material. High quality ticking, crushed chicken feathers. Size 21 x 27. Front and Grace Sts. housefurnishings dept. Phone 9661 fourth