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The Wilmington morning star. (Wilmington, N.C.) 1909-1990, March 02, 1947, SECTION-A, Image 1

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn78002169/1947-03-02/ed-1/seq-1/

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_ ~~ POOT 617V ©F AE36) IglUgAHjygm'fht State and National News |
VOL. 19.—NO. 10. _
Vote Fraud
Is Claimed
In Georgia
Atlanta Journal Makes
Charge In Recent Gene
Arnall Victory
Even Non-Existent Persons
‘Balloted,’ According To
ATLANTA, Ga.. March 1.—(-?“)—
Deatl persons, non-residents and
even non-existent persons “voted”
(or the late Eugene Talmadge and
his son, Herman, for governor of
Georgia in the general election of
1946,’the Atlanta Journal said to
Reporting documentary evidence
of irregularities in the Helena dis
trict of Telfair County, home of
(he Talmadges, the Journal said
the votes had played a critical part
i„ making Herman Talmadge eli
gible for election by the legislature
to the term of his dead father.
Eugene Talmadge was unopposed
as democratic nominee for gov-'
ernor. When he died before in
auguration, the legislature voided
his 143.000 votes and elected his
son. who was credited with 675
write-in ballots. Herman's write-in
total was six more than that of his
father's principal opponent in the
democratic primary, James Car
michael. and 38 more than the vote
for a republican, D. Talmadge
Preliminary tabulations by the
legislature placed Heiman in third
place _ out of the running for
governor — but last-minute d%;
covery of additional Telfair vot«s
put him ahead.
Staff Writer George Goodwin of
the Journal said he found Telfair
returns listing at least two persons
long dead, at least five who had
moved away, and at least five who
said they did not vote Nov. 5, 1946.
Another dozen could not be found,
he said.
Goodwtn said all were among- 34
" names, listed alphabetically in the
numbered record of voters as they
appear at the polls. He said he
began investigating because “it
appeared impossible that 34 citi
zens anywhere could have appear
ed in alphabetical order, starting
with ‘A' and-e.yiiag.
Talmadge. when advised of the
development, said: “You can quote
me that the Journal still has run
ning hydrophobia.”
The Journal, in an exclusive
itory which took over more than
two-thirds of the front-page of its
Sunday edition, said the tally sheet
consolidated returns and the list of
(Continued on Page Two; Col. 6)
Georgia’s Governors
Ready For Showdown
ATLANTA, Ga„ March 1.—(JP)—
Georgia’s disputing governors will
tell it to the Supreme Court next
Thursday in a final showdown be
tween Herman Talmadge and
Lieut.-Gov. M. E.. Thompson.
Decision of the state’s highest
court, which may come before
March 15. will end nearly two
months of political turmoil in
which rival “governors” have oc
cupied the capitol.
Three appeals, consolidated into
a single case, will be heard by
seven black-robed justices. The
court has set a maximum of six
hours oral argument, and expects
to conclude thu hearing in one day.
Heart of the dispute is this: Did
Georgia’s legislature exceed its
authority in voiding 143,000 votes
cast for the late Eugene Talmadge
as unopposed democratic nominee
for governor in 1946, and did it err
in electing his son, Herman Tal
niadge. to adour-year term as gov
ei'nor on the basis of a bare 675
write-in votes?
Snow Storm Moving
Up Eastern Coast
NEW YORK. March l.-^p)_The
"orm-staggered east, which has
Wst finished digging itself out of
’ snowfall that was one of the
w?rst m years, w'as struck by
enter's fury again tonight.
n snow al eadv coming down
many seaboard areas, tile
man said falls up to 10
.Ln’? oould be expected overnight
■d . jmorrow. plus sleet and rain,
ev. 'Vork. where a 11.6 foot snow
_lQl!T; late lasi week broke rec
v®;v p0r ,’he past six years, and
• e; s-tigiand were in for the worst
of u
The Weather
M forecast
c!oUfji ' -*u:,hna Sunday considerable
.3/^''," and colder, some light rain in
sin-'q b:'f* 'n,,v.’ Hurries in moun
n- Sunday morning.
H.a tcr;1 Stanoard Time)
-Meten-ni * ’ Wpather Bureau)
»nding ^gid data for the 24 hours
*'*S ni 4240: '::M a m- 1 P-m- 31;
Nonnji11””11 VIil'imum 37: Mean 45;
1:2,1 Pun' loo* 7:M a m- 80; 1:30 P'm' 88;
•■0# inches ~4 hours enclinS 7:30 p.m. —
'■’*°i4ch«™C ,lie £irst of the month -
4,0n 'II,ts 1 OR TODAY
* Coas'. L™e Tables published by U.
na Geodetic Survey).
Wiimingto, ‘bgl* Low
o:34 a.m. 12:05 a.m.
'k«nborr, r i . 5:33 P-m- 12:32 P-m
0 3:14 a.m. 9:50 a.m.
Sii:iiiS(. I... , 3:43 p.m. 10:02 p.m.
'1.Suns*; 6:09: Moonrise 1:14
r.i3:2! a.m.
N- *• * «,
Late Bulletins
. BATAVIA, Java, Sunday, March 2.— (AP)—The
American Liberty ship Martin Behrman, under the
command of Captain Rudy Gray, Southport, N. C.,
escorted by a Dutch destroyer, arrived in Batavia har
bor at dawn today after abandoning a plan to run a
Dutch naval blockade with a multi-million dollar cargo
of rubber, sugar and quinine for the United States.
SHREVEPORT, La., March ;rA federal
jury today found five white connect
ion with the alleged lynching <\ ^‘. ^■‘Pserious
ly injuring another near Mhgg^^ * • aKgust. The
jury returned its verdict* ^ <A. ./fnours after
beginning its deliberates#' : -
LONDON, March 1. ^ —-Foreign Secretary
Ernest Bevin will sign B. Sin’s 50-year pact with
France at Dunkerque March 4 while en route to Moscow
where he will negotiate for revision of the Anglo-Soviet
treaty and attend the Big Four Foreign Ministers con
NANKING, China, Sunday, March 2.—(UP)—
Generalissimo Chiang Kai-Shek, who took over the
premiership of China just 24 hours ago, predicted
today that China would achieve unity in six months to
a year.
Union Head Denies
Communism Issue
WASHINGTON, March 1.— (AP)—R. J. Thomas, vice
president of the CIO United Auto Workers, told the House
Labor Committee today he has been in charge of the Allis
Ohalmers strike since November and “believe me, the issue
is not communism.” *
Larlier, Robert Buse, president
of UAW Local 248 which has been
on strike against Allis Chalmers
at Milwaukee for ten months, tes
tified that he signed a communist
nominating petition last year but
denied that he is a communist or
that the local is “communistically
Bwse said, he, fellow officers of
the union and “everybody else on
the picket line” signed the peti
tion in behalf of a communist can
didate for governor of Wisconsin.
Thomas contended the strike —
which the company says has cost
some $70,000,000 plus $18,000,000 in
lost wages — is a “straight labor
management dispute” caused by
the “failure of the company” to
bargain collectively.
The husky Thomas tangled ver
bally with Rep. Hoffman (R-Mich).
Once when Hoffman cut his an
swer short, Thomas said loudly:
“My God, it seems to me an
ordinary citizen of the United
States is » entitled to some
Thomas had strong language too
(Continued on Page Two; Col. 8)
Truman Prepares Major
Speech For Texas Visit
WASHINGTON, March 1.— (AP)—President Truman
today finished writing a major speech he will deliver at
Waco, Texas, next Thursday and ordered his bags packed
for a three-day good-will visit to Mexico.
Betition Drafted Demand
ing Speedy House Vote
On GI Leave Bends
Rep. Dwight L. Rogers (D-Fla) to
day drafted a “discharge petition”
to force a speedy House vote on
cashing n o w the $2,150,000,000
worth of bonds being issued to ex
GI’s for termiral leave pay and
predicted strong republican sup
Bills Dy Rogers and others are
pending in the House Armed Serv
ices Committee which has taken no
action so far. The petition, if sign
ed by 218 House members, would
discharge the committee consider
ing Rogers’ bill and Wring it direct
ly +o the floor for action.
“I may file the petition next
week,” Rogers told newsmen.
“There will®be no trouble obtaining
the 218 signatures because all of
us recognize the unfairness of the
1946 requirement for payment in
bonds, which the Senate wrote into
the law over House opposition.”
Rogers recalled that Speaker
Martin (R-Mass) was among the
republicans who fought the bond
provision last year and favored
cash instead. Last July 31 Martin
told the House:
“The next Congress will see the
injustice is corrected. Eventually,
the American people will see that
fair play prevails.”
it me wearaer. is not too baa,
he will take off by plane at 8
a.m. (Eastern Standard Time) to
morrow for a visit at Grand View,
Mo., with his 94-year-old mother,
abed with , a fractured hip, and
leave tor Mexico City early Mon
day morning.
There is a possibility that heavy
snows in the midwest may cause
a cancellation of the Missouri trip.
In that event, he would delay
his departure from Washington un
til Sunday night.
It is an eight-hour flight direct
from Washington to Mexico City,
where he is due Monday morning.
The Waco address, which will
deal with both foreign and domes
tic affairs and require 25 minutes
to deliver, will be made at 1 p.m.
(EST) Thursday on the President’s
return flight from Mexico City.
Mr. Truman will receive an honor
ary degree at Waco from Baylor
The flight to Mexico will take
Mr. Truman out of the United
States for the first time since Au
gust when he cruised to Bermuda
during a vacation.
On his return here Thursday
night he will have only a brief
stay before taking off on another
trip by plane and ship for visits to
Puerto Rico and the Virgin Is
lands. He will spend 16 days on
that trip, including a three-night
stop ashore at the submarine base
at Key West Fla., March 8-10.
The Waco speech will be the
second the President will deliver
on his Mexican trip. His first will
come Monday night in Mexico
City when he responds to a wel
coming address by President Mi
guel Aleman at a state dinner at
the national palace.
Strike Notices Filed
By Telephone Workers
By The Associated Press
Thirty-day strike notices involv
ing more than 140.000 telephone
company workers were on file in
at least 35 states today, and their
union president accused the em
ployers of “stalling” in negotiations
in the hope congress would give
them “a bargaining advantage.”
The telephone industry “seems
almost to want to push us into a
nationwide telephone strike, a
strike our whole program set up
last November is intended to
avoid,” Joseph A, Beirne, president
of the National Federation of Tele
phone Workers, said in- Washing
Beirne issued his statement after
another union spokesman describ
ed the individual strike notices as
part of a “coordinated program"
of the union.
However, some union sources
regarded the strike notices as a
mere formality, in keeping the ac
tion of the union's national conven
tion in Denver last November. The
convention approved Apri’ 7 as the
date for a nationwide telephone
strike in the event such action was
needed to obtain 1947 contract de
In recent testimony before a Sen
ate Labor Committee, Beirne hint
ed there might be no strike, saying,
“personally, I would be inclined to
arbitrate rather than call a strike.”
1 The union’* Denver convention'
decided that unions affiliated with
the NFTW would file strike notices
by March 1 if they had made no
progress in their individual negotia
tions with the telephone companies.
The Denver plan also provided that
the independent NFTW would be
dissolved in June and replaced with
the Independent Communication
Workers of America. A body which
would bargaining nationally for
members, a union spokesman said.
“After over a month of continu
ous bargaining not one Bell Tele
phone company has offered a penny
of wage increases.” Beirne said.
•They have rejected all our pro
posals for union shop, shortened
apprentice periods, narrowing of
wage differences between large and
small towns and have refuse ,
consider improvements in vacations
and pensions.
‘‘On the contray they are trying
to move backward in contract mat
ters and seek to return to condi
tions as they existed 10 years ago
berore the indus'ry was organized.”
The union said strike notices
under the Smith-Connal’y act had
been filed in Alabama, Georga,
Florida. Louisiana, Mississippi.
North and South Carolina. Tennes
see, New York, New Jersey, Illi
nois, Indiana, Iow7a, Nebraska.
North and South Dakota. Ohio.
Kentucky, Missouri, Arkansas,
(Continued on Page 12; Col. 6)
- M ~ _
Chiang Gets
Full Control
Of Chinese
T. V. Soong Resigns In
Face Of Sharp Legisla
tive Criticism
Nation’s Future Appears At
Stake As New Premier
Takes Over
NANKING, March 1—OT—Gene
relissmo Chiang Ki-Shek took
over the premiership of China to
night and appeared to be heading
his people toward all out war to
settle the communist question
once and for all.
Chiang assumed the premiership
eight hours before his brother in
law, T. V. Soong, suddenly resign
ed in the face of sharp criticism
in the Legislative Yuan of his
economic policies.
With communist delegates under
orders to get out of government
territory before Wednesday and
the armies of both factions ma
neuvering for decisive battles on
SHANGHAI, March 1.—(£>>—
The China press, Chinese-own
ed English language news
paper, sadi tonightthe Shanghai
paper, said tonight he Shanghai
ghai office of the foreign min
istry had been instructed to is
sue no more passports for Chi
nese wishing to leave China.
There was no explanation but
there was speculation that it
might be an attempt to prevent
flight of anti-government ele
fronts"' stretching from central
China to the heart of Manchuria,
Chiang this assumed complete
powers in the government at a time
when China's future appeared to
be at stake.
Many quarters predicted a ma
jor shakeup in the government,
possibly an anti-communist eola
tion including minority parties.
The Supreme National Defense
Council, with Chiang presiding,
appointed him acting premier
“until such time as Soong's suc
cessor is selected.”
Chiang already is President of
the Republic.
He is expected to announce
shortly the appointment of Gen.
Chang Chun as Vice-Premier.
Chang returned recently from the
United States, where he obtained
medical treatment, visited Presi
dent Truman and indulged his
fondness for ice cream.
Informed sources said that both
Cheng and Sun Fo, president
of the Legislative Yuan, had de
clined the premiership.
The same sources said Chiang
had determined on Soong's re
placement several days ago be
cause of steadily mounting com
plaints against Soong's ineffective
(Continued on Page 12; Col. 4)
Five Men Arrested,
Illegal Guns Seized
—Treasury Department agents to
day announced the arrest of five
men in connection with a cache
of guns, amunition and grenades
which the officers said were destin
ed for shipment to Latip America.
F. C. Farrell, district supervisor
of the Treasury Department’s
Alcohol Tax'—Unit, listed those ar
rested as William I. Marsalis, 42,
former AAF lieutenant colonel;
Claude R. Eatherly, former AAF
major and B-29 pilot; Alfred Sage,
46, ex-captain of the’ Quatermaster
Corp; A. R- S. Philip and George
W. Rappleyea.
CARLISLE, Pa., March 1.— UP)—
A 26-year-o 1 d father was quoted
by state police today as admit
ting he poured kerosene over his
three children and burned them
to death.
Corp. Erwin W. Arms said Syl
vester B. Wilson, jailed to await
court action on arson and murder
charges, said the man declared
in a statement:
“I had intended to burn myself
up with the children but I lost
my nerve when I saw the fire.’
The flames destroyed the Wil
son cabin home on Christmas day
of 1945 killing Emma Mae. 4
Pearl Ruth, 3, and Sylvester B.
Wilson, Jr., 2.
Wilson’s arrest, stated Arms,
came after investigation of the
fire was reopened on complaint of
neighbors and relatives. Domestic
.difficulties had preyed on the
Ifather’i mind before the fire,
American Foreign Policy
May See Historic Change
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, March 1.—(fP)—
The United States has agreed in
principle, diplomatic sources said
today, to help impoverished Brit
ain shoulder the load in Greece—
a move which may bring an his
toric change in American foreign
The decision was reported made
by the administration after a can
vass of key congressional figures
notwithstanding opposition voiced
by some congressmen of both par
The American reply to a Brit
ish note requesting the action, dip
lomatic informants said, was hand
ed to Lord Inverchapel, the British
ambassador, at a 25-minute con
ference at the State Departmen this
morning with Undersecretary of
State Dean Acheson, held at the
latter’s summons.
The informants described the U.
S. reply as “favorable in prin
ciple.’’ It is understood to be con
ditioned upon Britain’s retaining
her 10,000 troops in Greece to help
uphold the government, with the
United States—subject o congres
sional approval—helping to bear
most of the cost.
The undertaking may entail ad
vancing some $250,000,000 this year,
by authoritative estimate, with
further but smaller outlays later.
Exact estimates remain to be
worked out, along with details of
any legislation which may be
necessary besides the appropria
A next step apparently would be
for President Truman to make
public the program. He would
have an opportunity to do this next
Thursday, when he is scheduled to
deliver an address at Waco. Tex.,
en route home from Mexico. Offi
cials have described it as a “major
speech” on both domestic and for
eign affairs. It already has been
For the United States to step di
rectly into he itnernal affairs of
Greece would constitute a depar
ture from long-standing American
policy, and apparently would be
designed to bulwark Britain in a
stand against he spread of Rus
sian influence throughout southern
The United States has interested
itself in the past in the affairs of
(Continued on Page 12; Col. 4)
$10,000 Bond Set; Victim
Is Reported In Critical
Wilmington police last night jail
ed Bennie Wilkins, of 1013 S. Sec
ond street, and placed him under
a $10,000 bond, for shooting, and
critically wounding Bill Flowers,
205 Meares street, about 1:30 p. nr,
Police reports show that investi
gating officers arrived at 1015 S.
Second street, where the shooting
occurred, and found Bill Flowers
suffering from a pistol wound in
the lower right side of his stomach.
Flowers, when questioned by in
vestigators, informed them of his
assailant’s identity and where
abouts, resulting in the arrest of
Wilkins readiiy admitted the
shooting saynig that he did so
oh/y 'Wien Flowers refused to leave
his mother’s premises at his re
quest, but confessed that his
mother had asked Flowers to come
to her house to cut firewood, police
According to a neighbor, whose
house adjourns the Wilkins homd'
on Meares street, and who report
edly saw part of the fracas, Flow
ers and Wilkins were fighting over
possession of a car tool.
Approaching, the neighbor got
within earshot of the tussle and
heard Flowers declare. “I’ll call
the law.”
The witness then said Wilkins
got up, brushed the dirt from his
clothes and entered his house, after
hearing his wife call to .him. Wil
(Continued on Page 12; Col. 7)
Army Officers Reported
Seized By Communists
In Fighting Zone
WASHINGTON. M a r. 1. — VP)—
The War Department reported to
day that two American arftny of
ficers have been seized by
Chinese communists in an area of
Manchuria where heavy fighting'
is going on between communists
and nationalist troops.
A brief message from the
American military attache at
Nanking said, without further ex
planation. that the officers were
“captured” by the communists on
March 1 (February 28, U. S.
The two—Maj. Robert B. Rigg
of Chicago and Capt. John W.
Collins erf Evanston. 111. — are
both assistant military attaches at
Lacking details, officials here
were uncertain what proce
dure would be followed to obtain
release of the men.
Three Children Cremated
By Father, 26, In Rage
added the officer, and the couple
later obtained a divorce.
Arms said the statement re
lated Mrs. Wilson had gone to a
neighbor’s home after asking her
husband to replenish the fuel sup
ply i n kerosene stoves at their
cabin 1 5 miles from here. The
statement continued:
“Some of the children pulled
the can of kerosene over, spilling
some of it. I got mad and poured
kerosene over the children and
the room until the can was
empty. I walked into the living
room and put the empty can on
the floor.
“I then stuffed a burlap bag in
the ash receiver ot the range and
watched it catch fire and spread
into the kerosene soaked room. I
had intended to burn myself up
with the children but I lost my
nerve when I saw the fire. 1 ran
outside and watched me f.:e.
After a while I tried to break
through the flames to sav« the
children but I couldn’t.”
Institute Speaker
Family Life To Be Theme
Of Three-Day Community
Meetings In Schools
The annual meeting of the Cop
operative Community Family Life
Institute, Wilmington will convene
here tomorrow at 8 p.m. in the
New Hanover Hign school au
ditorium lor a three-day session,
it was announced yesterday.
The meeting intended for par
ents, teachers and students of the
city has as its theme “Whither
Family Life — Shock Absorber
For Social Change.”
Featured speaker will be Dr.
Hornell Hart, Duke University
professor who will initiate
the speeches and discussions Mon
day morning with an address on
the subject, at which time he will
point out its various phases us
they apply to the everyday life oil
On Tuesday Dr. Hart will ad
dress the student body of
New Hanover High at 8:40 a.m.,
following which he will speak to
the students of Williston High
school at 10:40 a.m.
From 10 a.m. until 2 p.m. a
“parents symposium'’ will be held
in the New Hanover High school
auditorium. Lunch at the school
cafeteria will be served at
1 o'clock.
At six p. m. Dr. Hart will make
an address and lead a discussion
(Continued on Page Two; Col. 6)
Carolina Beach Precinct
Fails To Make Report To
Complete Figure
The returns of the first day’s
registration of the special election
to be held for the construction of
the Wilmington Red Cross Sana
torium, totaled 269, according to
an announcement last night by
Addison Hewlett, chairman of the
county commissioners.
This figure doesn’t include the re
turns for Carolina Beach, as the
information from this precinct was
not available.
For those who have not register
ed for this election, the registrar’s
office will receive registrations on
March 8 and 15. The electionXis
scheduled to be held on March
25, at which time the proposed
Junior College will also be voted
It has ben brought to the at
tention of the public, that the $100,
000 to be apropriated for the con
struction of the sanatorium would
be withdrawn from the sum former
ly added to the Capital Reserve
No tax levy or bond issuance
will be required for this building,
as the election is being held pri
marily to give the Board of County
Commisioners permission to use the
$100,000 for this purpose.
Star-Newsreel Show
Honors Pender County
Continuing the weekly radio
series featuring the counties of
Southeastern North Carolina, the
Star-News will present the Sunday
Star-Newsreel today at 1:30 p. m.
over Radio Station WMFD with a
salute to Pender County.
The program will give interest
ing highlights of the county's his
tory, as well as it’s past progress.
A number of the leading citizens
will be present and interviewed
during the broadcast. As a special
feature Mrs. Milton Humphry, well
known vocalist of Burgaw. will
render her own arrangement of the
Indian Love Call.” Other soloists
appearing on the program include
W. O. Page, Jr., and Miss Mary
Henri Wolfe.
The program is written, directed,
and narrated by Ben McDonald,
Star-News round the town reporter.
1947 Red Cross Fund
Drive Starts Tuesday
The 1947 Red Cross Fund cam
paign for $21,253 to be used during
the coming year for services to
the community gets under
way Tuesday morning following a
series of kickoff meetings tomor
Over $7,000 of this year’s quota
will be used within New7 Hanover
county to carry on the local chap
ter work, according to J. H. Cars
well, chairman of ■ the drive.
Meeting at 11 a.m. in the Tide
water Assembly hall will be the
workers of the Downtown division
which is headed by Hal J. Love.
Both the Residential and Coun
ty divisions will meet at the same
hour in the St. Paul’s Lutheran
Parish house. The division* chair
man are Mrs. Lester W. Preston
and Mrs. H. M. Wellott, respec
Employes of the Wilming
ton Furniture company were the
first to report in the Commercial
division with 210 per cent of then
goal raised. Robert Dannenbaum.
chairman of the division an
nounced yesterday.
O'.her division chairmen named
by co-chairmen J. H. Carswell and
N. A. . Avera are C. S. Morse,
Railroads; Robert P. Andrews. In
dustrial: L. S. Hubbard, Jr., Pub
lic Service; H. R. Emory, Public
Employes; Dr. L. W. Upperman,
Negro; and . Irs. Bernice Stellings,
Kick-off meetings scheduled
by the Wilmington chapter, of
the American Red Ctoss are
as follows:
Women’s Residential and
County; .. St. Paul’s Lutheran
parish house; 6th and Princess
streets, 11 a.m., Monday.
Men’s Downtown Division;
Tide Water Assembly room,
11 a.m., Monday.
co-chairman of the Residential di
A. S. Grist is chairman of the
Public Information committee.
A. S. Grist is chairman of the
Public Information committee.
Carswell outlined the importance
of the Wilmington Red Cross chap
ter’s work and pointed out the five
phases of work at home—
home nursing Junior Red Cross,
disaster relief, home service and
first aid.
The chairman explained that the
Red Cross teaches the fundament
als of home nursing to many citi
zens. Mothers and high school girls
learn how to care for simple ill
nesses, and how to follow the doc
(Continued on Page 12; Gol. S)
19 Killed,
23 Injured
In Outbreak
Troops On ‘Martial Law
Footing’ Press Search
For Terrorists
Important Order Is Expect
ed To Bring On Full
Military Control
By The Associated Press
JERUSALEM, Sunday, March S.
—Nineteen persons were killed and
at least 23 wounded yesterday in *.
bloody eruption of violence in the
Holy Land, and declaration of
martial law appeared only hours
away today as the full might of
the British military fanned out
through northern Palestine in a
search for terrorist gunners and
bomb throwers.
The British brigadier command
ing the Lydda district told Mayor
Israel Rokuch of Tel Aviv that the
army would occupy Tel Aviv.
Petah Tiqvah and Ramat Gan at
4 a. m. (10 p. m., EST Saturday).
The move was interpreted, as were
strict curfews decreed in other
communities, as the first imple
mentation of martial law.
A public information officer said
an “important communique,” gen
erally believed to be imposition
of martial law, would be released
simultaneously here and in London
at 8 a. m. (1 a. m. Eastern Stand
ard Time).
Sixteen persons were killed and
at least 14 wounded yesterday aft
ernoon as the terrorists opened
Palestine’s bloodiest series of at
tacks .since last July by bomhjng
a British officer#’ «4«b in Jeru
salem. Throughout the rest of the
day and night other attacks fol
lowed in rapid succession along
the north Palestine coast.
Irgun Zvai Leumi, the under
ground Jewish resistance organiza
tion, broadcast a statement that It
was responsible for all the at
tacks and declared that Irgun
would “welcome the war which i#
bound to come before we can gain
our freedom.”
Much of the British military ac
tivity—the soldiers themselves say
ing they already were on "martial
law footing”—was cloaked in dark
ness as the terrorists cut a trunk
power line at Kfar Sirkn last night,
throwing all the coastal area north
of Tel Aviv into, blackness.
The attackers mined a jeep on
the Carmel road near Haifa, kill
ing two persons and injuring twos
staged an artillery and machine
gun raid on an army camp at
Beit Lid, near Nathanya, killing
a British corporal and wounding
two other soldiers, and wounded a
soldier in a truck mining near
Tulkarm, 20 miles east of Nath
Four other persons were wound
ed when trucks struck mines «it
undisclosed places. An army camp
at Kfar Iona, near Nathanya, wa#
attacked, but casualties were not
reported; several vehicles were
wrecked in the bombing of a naval
parking lot near the Haifa water
front; a mortar shell exploded at
Hadera, on the coast between
Haifa and Nathanya, and a water
pumping station at Ras Et Ein was
put "under fire.”
The issuing of the martial law
decree was generally expected
throughout the country following
an emergency conference last
night between Gen. G. H. A. Mac
Millan, British army commander
in Palestine, and Sir Alan Cun
ningham, the high commissioner,
in Jerusalem.
Irgun, which posted notices in
Tel Aviv demanding a “civil pro
test strike” by all Palestine Jews,
said yesterday the bombing of the
Jerusalem officers’ club was in
retaliation for British attacks "on
our brothers yesterday at Haifa in
which some of our people were
killed” and also to prove to British
forces that they "cannot escape
our soldiers in their fight for free
dom no matter what elaborate
precautions they take.”
Earlier this week British sail
ors intercepted a Jewish refugee
ship which ran aground near
Haifa. Although the uncertified
immigrants were removed to Brit
ish deportation ships, there were
(Continued on Page 12; Col. 2)
Advertising Group
Names New Officers
WINSTON-SALEM, March 1.—(A*)
—C. W. Paterson, Jr., of the High
Point Enterprise, today was elect
ed president ol the Carolina Ad
vertising Executies Association in
its final business session here.
Other officials named included;
Lee Rickard, Anderson (S. C.)
Independent and Daily Mail, first
vice-president; Rex Freeman, Win
ston-Salem Journal and Sentinel,
second vice-president; and John
Roberts, Jr., Fayetteville Observer,
secretary anjd treasurer. New di
rectors for the coming year arc R.
IM. Foifville, Burlington Times
News; and R. H. Carson, Raleifll
I News and Observer.

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