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The Wilmington morning star. [volume] (Wilmington, N.C.) 1909-1990, March 02, 1947, SECTION-A, Image 7

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K- - -
jSazi Spirit
Still Lives
ALTHOUGH the German na
tion has been beaten physical
■ to its knees many Germans still
militant in spirit and would
launch another war if they could.
Die-hard Nazis, ex-storm troop
and unreconstructed Hitler youth
f;'ders form the nucleus tor an un
{T-cround organization which could
3ei,°nie widespread and strike if the
no- tumly arose. Many Germans, obT
rvers note, still have no feeling of
se‘)t a'bout the last war; they blame
fh“‘;r leaders for failing to win it.
Impartial observers estimate it will
before reeducation can stamp
np \ t d» ° ... . .
' - tiie Prussian military spirit and
c’3„mit the Allied military occupation
Lces to be withdrawn.
1 American and British intelligence
ils rounded up several hundred
embers of an underground unit
J-hk'h claimed possession of a secret
bacteriological weapon and was or
ganizing a revolt against the occupy
ing powers.
Widespread Underground
The Americans arrested some 30
suspects and the British corraled hun
(Pecb The British said the movement
emended into the Russian and French
z0'ncs with the aim of restoring Ger
man militarism and Nazi dictatorship
to lead the nations of Europe against
Russia.”
American authorities said the im
mediate goal was to hamper denazifi
cation and reparation measures and
to seek recovery of lost German ter
ritories.
Lt. Gen. Lucius D. Clay, American
military governor, said the group had
been under surveillance for some
tune. Americans did not consider them
“particularly dangerous,” he said, but
it was time to move in and clean them
out.
! Gen. Clay said there was a tremen
dous potential for subversive activity
ir, a people completely indoctrinated
with nationalistic propaganda but it
would be kept under control “as long
as we have an occupation army in
Germany.”
Many of those seized in the Ameri
can zone were found to possess false
documents. Some used false names.
AMG sources said it would take “some
time to break these down fully before
we can think of trying them.”
All are liable to the death penalty
as plotters.
Spj Ring in France
Near Paris, French police uncov
ered a pro-German spy ring operating
among collaborationists awaiting trial
in Fresnes prison.
The French Ministry of the Interior
laid the ring was forging identity
cards to enable accomplices to go
abroad. Also found were faked docu
ments, to compromise officials of the
Fourth Republic — documents which
accused prominent French politicians
of dealing with Germans during the
occupation.
Meanwhile British intelligence offi
cers testifying at the war crimes trial
of Field Marshal Albert Kesselring
in Italy revealed that Martin Bor
mann, former Hitler deputy, might
still be alive and hiding “in Uruguay,
or Brazil, or perhaps in Spain.”
Food
Dollar Pork Chops
Pork chops and bacon soon may cost
81 a pound in retail butcher shops as
hog prices soared to all time highs in
the nation's livestock markets, accord
ing to the Department of Agriculture.
! Live hogs sold for S30 per 100 pounds
in Chicago early in the week as heavy
consumer demand met an unusually
small supply of marketable pigs and
set prices soaring. Livestock experts
said farmers sent most of their pigs to
market las, fall when OPA controls
"ere lifted and last year’s farrow
crop was the smallest since 1940.
In 1932, hog prices ranged from
“■65 to S5.55 per 100 pounds at Chi
cago.
Hot Shots
• At Chicago's Brookfield Zoo, head
bear keeper Hal Tegan heard tiny
founts and a series of faint snorts
horn the rocky grotto in which Re
®:na, niighty female Kodiak bear, is
ubernating. He hopes it’s a blessed
e'ent. but won’t know definitely un
a^er April 1 when Regina emerges
uom her long winter’s nap.
• In Denver Mrs. Lavada Ann Sneed,
-year-old grandmother who packed
n°usands 01 parachutes during the
ar’ hied one. out from 4,000 feet. "It
'asi thrilling,” she said after a safe,
ending, “i just had to make a jump
>0 see if they really do work.”
• Tne Moscow newspaper Trud
.■‘air'cc* China’s mass bankruptcy on
flooding ct markets with “Ameri
c“n goods with which Chinese cannot
Jinpete. It charged that American
jgaiettcs, which the paper called
lumans.” were pushing Chinese eig
*rettcs off the market,
g n Icmpte, Tex., city attorney
tian°n Belton unearthed a city ord
ce requiring all Presidential trains
kaJ1^ trough Temple to stop at
jn° ,. 'e minutes. The law was passed
g. 1 when President Theodore
str,n&Vel declined an invitation to
ge;t-en !°ute to San Antonio. After
had th 3 ' °Py ordnance, Teddy
mario e Presidential train stopped,
C^bnef speech
Reserved AP Newsfeaturesl
PIPELINES: The Big Inch' Controversy
L ALL of the government’s Big
O and Little Inch pipelines to a
private corporation for carrying
natural gas from the southwest oil
fields to the industrial east may
bring about a minor industrial
revolution.
The issue is soggy with controversy.
Coal and railroad interests have lined
up solidly against use of the pipelines
as gas carriers. Pennsylvania, heart of
the anthracite district, claims thou
sands of miners and transit workers
may be thrown out of work if the sale
goes through.
Natural gas is a cheaper, more effi
cient fuel than coal for some industries.
Many heavy industries use gas pro
duced from coal.
An estimated billion or more cubic
feet of natural gas now goes to waste
daily in southwest oil fields. Some basic
industries are reported considering a
shift to the southwest to be near essen
tial fuels.
A War Project
The 1,340-mile pipelines, costing
$145,000,000, were built across 10 states
during the war as a matter of military
necessity. They were rushed to comple
tion during 1942 and 1943 when U-boats
were attacking water shipments and
tankers were needed overseas. In war
time the Big and Little Inch carried
oil and gasoline exclusively.
The Little Inch, 20 inches in diam
eter. begins at Beaumont, Tex. The Big
Inch, 24 inches in diame'er, starts at
Longview, Tex. The eastern terminus
of both lines is at Linden. N. J.
Afier the war, the lines were idle
until last fall's coal strike brought
about a fuel crisis. Then under a tem
porary permit, natural gas from the
Louisiana oil fields was funneled to
fuel-starved Pittsburgh.
The lines now are carrying about
150.000,000 cubic feet of natural gas
daily to the industrial bed in Ohio,
West Virginia and Pennsylvania, al
though some goes to consumers as far
north as Buffalo. The present method is
merely to let gas into the pipes and let
it “drift” north. Under compression,
the lines could serve up to 400,000,000
cubic feet a day.
For Restricted Use
When the War Assets Administration
put the Big and Little Inch up for sale,
the coal and railroad interests insisted
they should be restricted to movement
of oil and gasoline exclusively. Last
November WAA threw out 16 bids for
the lines, claiming they did not repre
sent a “fair return” to the government.
A fortnight ago WAA jubilantly ac
cepted a bid of $143,127,000 for the
lines, only $2,700,000 less than they cost
to build. The bid was $77,000,000 higher
than the top cash offer made last fall.
There was only one catch. The Texas
Eastern Transmission Corp., a brand
new firm organized to take over the
lines, would use them as gas carriers.
The Department of Justice has ap
proved the sale from the anti-trust
standpoint.
A number of conditions must be met,
Science
Rationing Brain Power
The U. S. Army criticized for wast
ing scientific man power during the
last war by drafting technicians into
combat forces, is working on a plan to
ration scientists among the military
and civilian services in the event of
another war.
Hand in hand with national scientific
societies, the War Department is pre
paring a study on the nation’s available
scientists, their qualifications and spe
cialties. A companion study schedules
the needs and priorities of universities,
industries, civilian .services and the
armed forces.
The Army is revising its program to
make certain that all scientists apd re
searchers in its ranks are properly
utilized. One aspect of the program is
to make certain that all Army scientists
are “provided with the kind of environ
ment in which they can further their
work and career.”
The scientific societies recently in
stituted a census to bring up to date a
complete record of every scientifically
trained person in the country.
BOON OR BANE-The Big Inch pipeline (shown under construction above) was a key war
project to circumvent U-boat attacks on tankers. It stretches 1,340 miles across 10 states and
cost $145,000,000. Coal and railroad interests claim its sale to a private corporation to carry
natural gas will sabotage the billion-dollar investment'of the anthracite industry.
however, before the sale becomes final.
The temporary permit granted during
the coal crisis does not expire until
April 30. Before that time the Federal
Power Commission must grant a cer
tificate of convenience and necessity.
Pennsylvania Opposition
Sen. Francis Myers (D-Pa.) predicts
the commission will never permit
transmission of natural gas to the east
ern seaboard and insists there is noth
ing final about the sale.
Rep. Mitchell Jenkins (R-Pa.) pre
dicts the deal will cost the anthracite
region, over a two-year period, more
than the price received for the pipe
lines.
The state of Pennsylvania forbids
stream-crossing permits to any but
petroleum products and has held that
natural gas is not such a product.
■ Alien J. Johnson, representing the
Anthracite Institute, told a Congres
sional committee that use of the pipe
lines as permanent gas carriers would
“jeopardize a billion dollar invest
ment.”
Boom to State
Not all Pennsylvania legislators take
the oppositional side. Rep. Richard M.
Simpson, chairman of the state Repub
lican delegation in the House, thinks
the sale will prove beneficial to indus
tries dependent on natural gas and oil
for industrial purposes. One result
should be that these industries will not
be forced to leave Pennsylvania for
areas in the west, he said.
SNAP: One Minute' Cameras
EDWIN H. LAND of Boston, the discoverer of polaroid, has in
vented a revolutionary new camera, which turns out a finished
picture one minute after the shutter is snapped, accomplishing in one
step all the routine darkroom procedures. The Optical Society of
America, after a demonstration, called it a “new kind of photography
as revolutionary as the transition from wet plates to daylight-loading
film” more than a half century ago. <.->_ .
The camera produces a fully-nmshed
picture of the same quality as if de
veloped and printed by darkroom
techniques. The turn of a knob pro
duces a positive print in permanent
form. The camera contains no tank;
the picture comes out dry and re
quires no further processing.
The secret of the one-step camera,
which uses ordinary silver-bromide
film, is in a tiny capsule of chemicals
that produces all the ordinary devel
oping and printing steps inside the
camera.
After the picture is snapped, the
film rolls onto a piece of special photo
graphic paper with the chemical cap
Quotes
Trygve Lie, secretary-general
of the United Nations: “The pres
ent generation, you can be sure,
simply would not tolerate an
other war.”
Herbert Hoover, back from a
European food survey: “This is
the worst period in Europe in 25
years—and that applies to the
British, too.”
ONE MINUTE - Edwin Land
demonstrates a picture 60 sec
onds after shutter clicked.
sule between them. The capsule
breaks and the contents spread be
tween the film and the photographic
paper.
“The new camera enables the ama
teur,” said Land, “to make a snapshot
and compare it with the scene before
he leaves the spot. He can ask his
subjects to hold the pose until he sees
the result.”
CARTOONISTS LOOK AT AMERICA'S ROLE IN WORLD AFFAIRS
?EA Ct
York, Louisville Times
■ A MAILED GLOVE NEEDN'T BE A FIST
Summers, Buffalo Evening News
SAFETY FIRST
“A wise distribution of the gas and
fuel oil transported into the east will
encourage certain new industries and
should not seriously disrupt the pres
ent use of coal in any industry,” he
said.
The new company, WAA said, is
ready to pay “cash in full” when the
government delivers a quit-claim deed.
Texas Eastern expects a total capital
ization of $182,000,000 to swing the sale
and start operations.
E. Holly Poe, president of the new
company, expects no serious difficulty
in running natural gas through Penn
sylvania tp the eastern seaboards.
“There has been interstate commerce
in this country ever since the constitu
tion was adopted,” he said.
Dates
Monday, March 3
Anniversary (100th), U. S.
postage stamps. *
Anniversary (84th), Congress
passed first draft law.
Tuesday, March 4
Pennsylvania Day, 266th anni
versary of granting of the char
ter.
Saturday, March 8
Farm Day.
Anniversary (93rd), Commo
dore Perry conferred at Yoko
hama, opening Japan to the
world.
Sunday, March 9
Anniversary (64th), U. S. Civil
Service.
Maneuvers
Attack on Pearl Harbor
The U. S. Pacific fleet, reduced from
wartime strength but still the world's
most powerful naval unit, went
through its first full-dress battle games
since V-J Day.
Adm. John H. Towers, fleet com
mander, saic his force had recovered
from the jolt of swift demobilization.
While the fleet was not yet at peak ef
ficiency, he said it would not take many
operations such as these to bring it to
razor-sharp battle edge.
The first task fleet units, led by the
carrier Boxer, moved out of west coast
ports a week ago. They are opposing
Task Force 38, built around the car
riers Princeton and Tarawa, mobilized
at Kwajalein.
The two forces will maneuver
against each other in the vast reaches
of the Pacific and then unite for a sim
ulated attack on Pearl Harbor about
March 10;
In Short . . .
Accused: By Foreign Secretary
Ernest Bevin, President Truman of
upsetting a British attempt to settle
the Palestine problem by his Yom
Kippur demand for admission of 100,
000 Jews to the Holy Land.
Killed: Two, more than 200 injured,
in the collapse of bleachers at a Wis
consin-Purdue basketball game in
Lafayette, Ind.
Erupted: Mt. Etna, causing Sicilians
to flee for the first time since 1929.
Requested: By President Truman,
authorization by Congress of U. S.
participation in the International Ref
ugee Organization for which $75,000,
000 has been earmarked.
Struck: More than 2,400 Buffalo
teachers for higher wages, constitut
ing the nation’s largest teachers’
strike.
Sec. Marshall Faces
Growing Soviet Rift
ence of the Big Four foreign ministers March 10 in Moscow The Mos
-rflng 1Sv,-0v.d«^itreaties for Austria and Germany, keystone!
mJhr Axis whlch Hltler forged to dominate Europe. Negotiations
„„ r Germany, in particular, will bring into sharp focus the areas of
People
Tantamount to Life
Franz von Papen, ace German diplo
mat during two world wars, is known
and feared in half the capitals of the
world. As front
man for Kaiser
Wilhelm, he
headed espionage
rings in this coun
try and Mexico
and was judged re
sponsible for the
Black Tom, N. J.,
explosion in World
War I. He helped
engineer the rise of
Hitler and brought
half a dozen coun
tries under the
Nazi iron heel.
VON PAPEN
Von Papen managed to wriggle free
at the Nuernberg trials which made
history by decreeing that plotting and
waging aggressive war was a crime
against humanity. One of the greatest
outcries at the verdict of the Interna
tional Military Tribunal was over Von
Papen’s acquittal as a war criminal.
Last week Hitler's wily diplomatic
right arm stood before a court of his
own countrymen. This time the verdict
was not acquittal. The German denazi
fication court branded him a “major
offender” in the Hitler regime, ordered
confiscation of all his personal property
and sentenced him to eight years at
hard labor.
The German judges ruled that he be
given credit for the time he served at
Nuernberg. That would take one year
and five months off his sentence.
The one-time ace diplomat is 68 and
suffers from hardening of the arteries.
The eight-year sentence is regarded
as tantamount to a life term.
Von Papen’s haughty Prussian pose
cracked during the trial. Court had to
be recessed when he broke down on the
witness stand, sobbing that “nobody
believes me any more.” He claimed he
had been motivated by a desire not to
help ^Hitler but to help Germany. After
the Fuehrer came to power, Von Papen
said that he like all the others was
powerless to intervene.
Summoned to the bar for sentencing,
Von Papen flushed and trembled when
he heard the verdict, then straightened
to ramrod erectness and maintained a
tight-lipped silence.
His confiscated property includes
centuries-old estates in both the
French and British zones of Germany.
disagreement between east and west,
already evidenced in the hammering
out of treaties for the Axis satellite!
(signed three weeks ago in Paris).
In London, the deputies of the for
eign ministers closed their prepara
tory sessions with only_part of th!
Austrian treaty drafted and no agree
ment for procedure on the German
pact. The four zonal commanders in
Berlin also were far apart in their re
port to the Big Four.
__ Reversing its previous stand, th!
Kremlin approved an American pro
posal before the Security Council in
New York for a trusteeship over th!
Japanese-mandated islands in the Pa
cific on the grounds that the U.S. had
played the major role in defeating
Japan.
Some observers saw in this the for#,
runner of a demand in Moscow tl'at
Russia be permitted to dominate th!
German peace conference.
Lt. Gen. John R. Hodge, American
military commander, in Korea, dis
closed in Washington that he had
given up trying to negotiate with Rus
sia for unification of the country un
der a provisional government.
Under the Moscow agreement of
1945, a joint Korean commission wai
supposed to set up a provisional gov
ernment in both American and Soviet
zones. The commission was stalemated
last year because of the Kremlin’s in
sistence that no Koreans opposed to a
Russian plan for a five-year trustee
ship over their nation be permitted to
take part in the government.
The ‘Acheson Incident’ >
Meanwhile Russia, still unconvinced
that the “Acheson incident” was pot
a hostile gesture, appeared likely to
have to await Sec. Marshall’s arrival
in Moscow for further and detailed
explanations
Marshall will have an opportunity
to tell Soviet Commissar Vyacheslav
M. Molotov face to face that Under
secretary Dean Acheson intended no
“slander” when he characterized Rus
sia’s foreign policy as “aggressive and
expanding.”
The State Department explained
the American position in a note to
Molotov, but the Kremlin character
ized it as “unconvincing” and renew.ed
its protest.
The second Moscow note, it devel
oped, got lost in U. S. State Depart
ment “channels” for three days, giv
ing the impression in Moscow that
the Soviet protest was being ignored.
Ray, Kansas City Star
WHO HAS A BETTER RIGHT?
ANTARCTIC: Mission's End
Getaway Day
The hoarse whistle of the icebreaker
Burton Island, echoed over the bleak,
white expanse of Little America. At its
summons, a weasel (amphibious
tracked vehicle) darted from the snow
banked tents flying the American flag
and sped for the ship with the last
handful of men from the central task
group.
On the bridge, R. Adm. Richard E.
Byrd waited impatiently. The grim
antarctic winter was closing in. The
past few days had been stormy and
bitter cold, precluding flying. The Ross
Sea icepack, part of a vast ice gate ring
ing the South polar continent, was
swinging shut.
Another blast of the whistle. Two
seamen pried loose the huge wooden
pegs that held the ship mooring lines
to the Bay of Whales ice shelf and raced
for the gangplank. The weasel was
swung aboard by a crane and stowed
with the deck cargo beside a jeep and
radar equipment.
The vulnerable thin-hulled steel
ships already had pierced the icepack
behind the carrier North Wind. The
headquarters ship Mount Olympus waa
waiting outside, near Scott Island.
While waiting it was to cruise east and
west along the northern edge of the
pack radioing observations to the ice
breaker on the easiest path through the
thickening 12-inch floes.
Adm. Byrd believed his expedition’!
discovery of the Land of Lakes, an un
frozen Shangri La oasis on the Antarc
tic continental rim, was of paramount
importance in the scientific world and
might contain fossils, coal and mineral
ores.
A last hoarse blast of the whistle
and the sturdy Burton Island backed
away from the iceshelf and headed out
into the Bay of Whales. Byrd turned
for a last look at his Antarctic base.
At almost that instant the sun set to
ward the South Pole. Atop the ice pla
teau stood the snow-banked tents with -
the flag flying above them. Drifting
snow swirled across the face of the ice
shelf as far as'one could see, finally
obscured Little America behind a
blank white wall.

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