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FORECAST: Served By Leased Wire* of the Wilmington and vicinity: Clear to ASSOCIATED PRESS raitlv cloudy today and continued cold. and the a UNITED PRESS ___ With Complete Coverage of —~~ _ State and National New* •NO. 119. .. - -- I -- ESTART.ismzn ia*f labor Says Budget Cut “Cockeyed” Senator Taft Moves For Speedy Action On Budget Study AID TO GREECE Debt Reduction Fund Plus Income Tax Cut Cit ed As Goal WASHINGTON, March 2. —(U.R)— Chairman John Taber of the house impropriations committee said to jjjjht the senate was “cockeyed” in trying to commit Congress to any definite public debt slash out of nossible savings in President Tru man's $37,500,000,000 fiscal 1948 budget The .Mew York Republican, who undoubtedly will head the house conferees who must work out a compromise with the senate in the budget economy controversy, flatly rejected a senate plan to earmark t2.60u.000,000 of proposed budget cuts for scaling down the $260,000, 000,000 national debt. "It's cockeyed,” he told the Unit l(j Press. "It's ill-considered. It was approved entirely without look ing the situation in the face.” Taber's stand was made known imid reports that house conferees would be advised to accept the pro posal in return for senate agree ment on a total budget cut ranging from $5,000,000,000 to $6,000,000,000. As matters stand now, the house has voted to lop $6,000,000,000 from Mr. Truman’s estimates, but the senate has voted to hold the cut to $4,500,000,000. n w _ j a m _ A 4. /M-:. tnairiuau if the Senate Republican policy committee said, meanwhile, that he did not believe the administra tion's reported request for financial aid to Greece should delay the pending senate-house budget con ference. In a radio broadcast (WPIK), Taft said that he- thought “we ihould go right ahead with ‘ our various activities of government.” “The only figure mentioned up to this date is $250,000,000 for Greece for a year,” he said, “and 3250,000.000 is a small item in a budget of $33,000,000,000. Senate GOP leaders are convinc ed that Congress could set aside a maximum of $2,600,000,000 for debt reduction out of their savings plan md still leave room for a 20 per cent personal income tax cut this year. But Taber said they had 'failed to think this thing out.” "You can’t set aside a definite mt for debt retirement if you're going to have a tax cut,” ue said. "It just won't work. The only sensible way to do it is to |o ahead and apply your savings (Continued On Page Two; Col. 4) WEATHERMAN SAYS LOW TEMPERATURE TO PREVAIL TODAY By The Associated Press Generally nasty weather pre vailed over North Carolina Sunday •ad the best the weatherman Mt'ld promise for today was a lrttle sunshine and very chilly temperatures. A hard freeze throughout the •tale was predicted for this morn ing with the mercury dropping to •round 12 above in the west and 18 to 26 above in the eastern por tion. Snow ranging from a trace to *n inch fell over almost the entire •tate yesterday and was con tinuing last night along the coast. The Charlotte weather bureau [aid that temperatures reported at '■30 p.m„ were the lowest for the °ay. averaging five or more de uces under the readings taken early Sunday morning. Asheville had a reading of 27 Sunday morning and 12 hours later it had chilled to 20 above. Other morning temperatures in cluded 29 at Winston-Salem, 30 at weensboro, 32 at Raleigh and Charlotte and 39 at Wilmington. Afternoon readings included 26 * Asheville, 35 at Greensboro, ar.d 36 at Charlotte and Raleigh. Maximum temperatures today *le expected to hover around the freezing mark. Mt. Mitchell reported 17 inches •frow on the ground Sunday, Most toe snow which fell in other prcto of the state soon melted. BAKBONE’S MEDITATIONS . By Alley r import saw prices &>NE PflWN NOW 8UT AIN' NOHE UV IT HU pis puxE Wit &UT PE NEWS ! Coast Guard Rescues Stranded Dog This forlorn looking coon dog (left) was seen stranded on an ice cake floating down the Missis sippi river near St. Louis, and rescue efforts swung into action immediately. The Humane Society of Missouri enlisted the aid of the IJ. S. Coast Guard which dispatched a rescue crew in a boat. Bight: Guardsmen haul the dog from his precarious and chilly raft. No one knew how he got on the ice cake, but he had been marooned long enough to d evelop a mild case of frost-bitten feet. (AP Wire photo). _ JUNIOR CHAMBER OF STATE BACKS Shipyard plans GREENSBORO, March 3.—(^P)— Resolutions boosting highway safe ty, purchase of the shipyard at Wilmington, adoption of daylight saving time during the summer and support of a ban on advertis ing of alcoholic beverages in inter state commerce were passed to day at a closing session of a two day quarterly meeting of North Carolina Junior Chamber of Com merce. Odell Lambeth, Greensboro, state president, announced accep tance of the following 10 clubs in to the organization: Lumberton, Whiteville, Elizabethtown, Hender son. Eelhaven, North Wilkesboro, Hendersonville, Bethel, Weldon and Tarboro. PROGRAM SALUTES PENDER COUNTY Star-Newsreel Devoted To Describing History And Progress Pender county, the fifth largest county in the state, was honored yesterday on the Sunday Star Newsreel radio broadcast over WMFD. This was the fourth of a series of salutes by the Star and News to the counties in southeast ern North Carolina served by these hometown newspapers. The program, written and di rected by Ben McDonald, Star News round-the-town-reporter, de scribed a number of the county's historical high lights as well as the nrnorpci; anH develoDment of the area, past and present. In a special music feature hon oring the origin of the naming of Burgaw, Mrs. Hilton Humprey, well-known vocalist of Burgaw, sang a special arrrangement of the “Indian Love Call,’’ accompanied by Mrs. Forest Mallard, Jr., also of Burgaw. Established in 1875 Pender county was established by an act of the general asembly on February 16, 1875 when it was separated from New Hanover county. With an area of 857 square miles the county is bounded by Duplin and Sampson on the north; New Hanover, Brunswick and Columbus on the south; on the east by the Atlantic ocean and Onslow county; and on the west by Bladen county. The county was named by Dr. Elisha Porter in honor of General W. D. Pender of the war-between the-states fame. The county seat was first estab lished at South Washington, now Watha. For three years the courts and county business were conduct ed there when Burgaw was voted the most central point on the Wil mington and Weldon railroad, now the Atlantic Coast Line railway, and became the county seat. The territory that comprises Pen der county w'as the scene of some of the earliest settlements in the section which is now North Caro (Continued On Page Two; Col. 5) ASSEMBLY WILL HOLD HEARINGS Debate On Liquor, Labor Bills Scheduled At Raleigh RALEIGH, March 2 — (JP) — North Carolina legislators will re turn here tomorrow night to begin a week of important hearings highlighted by liquor and labor leg islation. Also scheduled to share the spot light are a fireworks ban measure and a bill to divorce the division of game and inland fisheries from the state department of cdnserva tion and development. The issue of higher pay for teach ers and other state employes may come up before the joint appropri ations ' committee. The liquor issue will be aired Tuesday and Wednesday in hear ings before the senate finance com mittee. Proponents of a measure, introduced by Senator Penny of Guilford and providing for a state wide referendum on the question of banning all alcoholic beverages containing more than three per cent alcohol, will be heard Tues day afternoon. Opponents will speak on Wednesday afternoon. The Penny measure, introduced two weeks ago, was the first of three state-wide liquor referen dum bills. Similar measures were introduced last week by Rep. Dan Tomplins of Jackson and Senator L. M. Chaffin of Harnett. In addition to the state-wide measures, the general assembly has received 30 local measures dealing with the liquor problem. On Thursday, the senate commit tee on manufacturing, labor and commerce will hold a public hear ing on a bill to outlaw the closed shop in North Carolina. The bill has already passed by the house. The wildlife federation-sponsored (Continued On Page Two; Col. S) LOCAL TELEPHONE WORKERS SILENT Union Chairman Declines Comment On Pending Strike Election E. C. Drinkard, chairman of the Wilmington telephone workers union, said last night that he had “no statement’’ to make on the referendum which will begin in the state and throughout the na tion today to determine whether a strike will be called April .7. Meanwhile O. C. Lee, of Raleigh, state director of the federation of telephone workers, said it would take at least a week or 10 days to determine the results of the na tional referendum since the votes must be tabulated and acted upon. Last November, the NFTW con vention in Denver, Colo., set April 7 as the date for a nationwide strike in the event such action as needed to obtain 1947 contract de mands. It was also decided that (Continued On Page Two; Col. 6) ‘The Man ’ Was There But CouIdn’t Say A Word JUNIPER GROVE, Miss., March 2. —(U.R)— Traveling in every con veyance from sedans to mule-wag ons and clad in their Sunday best — in some'cases clean overalls — some 10,000 Mississippians gather ed here today to hear Sen. Theo dore Bilbo dedicate a Baptist church — but “The Man” couldn’t say a word. His face still swathed in bandages from his most recent operation for cancer of the mouth, Bilbo sat si lently through the dedication of the $75,000 Juniper Grove Baptist church and parsonage and the lavish barbecue that followed. But in every other respect Bilbo, wearing a natty brownish suit, striped necktie and a big red car nation, was the man of the hour and all those in the assemblage were his friends. Conspicuous by their absence were members of the 80th congress, which Bilbo had invited in a body to attend the show on his home grounds. Not a one showed up but Sen. Al len D. Ellender, D., La., one of Bilbo’s supporters in his so far fu tile fight to be>accepted in congress, sent a telegram of good wishes. “Fate has decreed that he can not speak for himself,” said H. K. (Continued On Page Two; Col, 0) FIVE DEAD, ONE PERSON HURT IN TRAIN-CAR CRASH % ■ _ CARDINGTON, O., March 2. — [IP)— Five members of a family from Clio, Mich., including a young mother who gave premature birth to » baby, were killed in a train automobile collision at the New York Central railroad crossing here today. Four persons were killed outright when the passenger train, which the state highway patrol said was going 70 miles an hour through the town, clipped in two their sedan at the crossing in the center of town. Miss Norine Conen, 16, died of a skull fracture at a Marion, O., hospital tonight. Another occupant of the car, Donald Passby, 22 whose wife gave birth to a baby at the scene of the accident, was report ed in a critical condition. Killed instantly were: Mrs: Ethel Peterson, 55. Mrs. Wilma Passby, 24, and her child born prematurely at the scene of the accident. Miss Bonnie Peterson, 19. Lawrence Passby, 28. RECRUITER WILL GIVE TESTIMONY Rowland To Take Stand This Week In Navy Officer’s Case Testimony by Sergt. Creston Rowland of the army recruiting station in Wilmington, in the gen eral court-martial of a navy lieu tenant commander charged with committing wartime atrocities, is scheduled to be given in Wash ington this week. Sergeant Rowland, under sub poena by the prosecution, left for the national capital last week. Military authorities in Washing ton for the first time have identi fied the defendent as Lieut.-Cmdr. Edward N. Little, a regular navy officer from Tucson, Ariz., and De catur, 111. Commander Little was captured in the Pacific early in World War II and interned by the Japanese. While in prison camp he was assigned the duties of mess, ser geant. Sergeant Rowland, himself a Japanese prisoner of war for 42 months, served as first cook under Commander Little in the prison camp during a portion of his con finement. . . ; Naval sources in Washington say .that the charges against the navy officer concern events in the (Continued On Page Two; Col. 5) CHICAGO BUILDING EXPLOSION KILLS TWO, INJURES 40 MORE; BRITISH INVOKE MARTIAL LA W Latest Order Affects Many In Holy Land Army Ayests 60 Suspects In Bloody Series Of Gang Attacks DEATH TOLL 21 Officers’ Club Bombing Is Gravest Incident Of Violence JERUSALEM, March 2.—(TP)— More than 250,000 Palestine Jews were put under the iron grip of martial law tonight as the British army arrested 60 persons in the first screening of suspects in yes terday’s bloody series of bomb and gun attacks which claimed 21 lives. The Palestine government im posed military rule for the all Jewish city of Tel Aviv and its suburb of Ramat Gan; nearby Petah Tiqva, the oldest modern Jewish community in Palestine; Eenei Beraq and numerous other communal settlements in the area and the Mea Shearim section of Jerusalem, where 15,000 Jews re side. I Maj. uen. k. in. tiaie, tne new ly-appointed military governor of Tel Aviv, said the main objective of the marital law decree was to “paralyze and eradicate” the Stern gang and Irgun Zvai Leumi, Jew ish underground resistance groups. The death list in yesterday’s terrorist* campaign rose to 21 to day when a British lance corporal died in a Haifa hospital from in juries suffered in the blowing up of a jeep on the Mount Carmel road in Haifa that had killed two other soldiers outright. A four - year-old girl, Ketty Shalom, died of bullet wounds in a Jerusalem hospital. An official report said she was struck by ricocheting slugs when warning shots were fired as her father walked into the street in violation of the curfew. The father was wounded. The most disastrous of the series of attacks which led to the com plete military restriction of more than one-third of the Holy Land’s 700,000 Jews was the bombing of an officers’ club in Jerusalem in which 16 persons were killed and 14 others v ere wounded. The bombing was the gravest incident of violence in Palestine since Jerusalem’s King David hotel was bombed last July with a death toll of 60. Civil courts and civil police func tions 'are operating in Tel Aviv under the supervision of the mili tary governor, but the army is operating exclusively in the Jeru salem martial law area where no courts or police posts are located. Screening more than 300 persons in Jerusalem today to find suspects in the officers’ club bombing and the other attacks on the Palestine coastal plain, the British held 60 of them for further questioning. An intensive military search was (Continued On Page Two; Col. 3) Strike May End BUFFALO, N. Y.. March 2 —(U.R) — The Buffalo Teachers Federa tion met in emergency session to night to consider salary increases recommended by the city adminis tration and it was believed the end of the biggest teachers’ strike in the nation’s history might be near. Federation President Raymond J. Ast called 120 delegates into conference to hear a statement by Mayor Bernard J. Dowd that he would recommend appropriation of sufficient money to meet salary schedules believed acceptable to the teachers. Along The Cape Fear GENERAL ARRIVES—While on the general topic of famous visit ors to the Port City we would cer tainly be' derelict if we overlooked the Father of Our Country, George Washington. It :was on April 20. 1791 that he arrived in our midst. Coining from New - Bern; the President was met some miles from ttie city by the Light Horse Company and escorted into the Port City. His arrival was marked with a salute by the four-gun light bat tery arid the cheers of the. large crowd which had been waiting to greet the hero of the American Revolution. DOCK AND FRONT—During his Stay in Wilmington, the President Stayed at the residence of Mrs. John Quince. She had placed her home, located at Dock and Front streets, at the disposal of the distinguished visitor. Contemporaries tell Us that the Quince residence was considered one of the best in the entire city. GENERAL CELEBRATION — The Father of Our Country spent two night* here, history tells us. The day after hi* arrival, he was entertained at a banquet by the gentlemen of the city. Just to impress upon him the hospitali ty of the community, the banquet was interrupted on several occa sions as the artillery fired salutes to the new nation’s first chief executive. That night there was a "general illumination and a grand ball.” DEPARTURE HENCE — C 'e more night as a guest of the city, then General Washington bid us a fond farewell. Once again tbe Light Horse Company escorted the President for several miles until the city was well out • of sight. COMMON FOLKLORE—Alfred Moore Waddell, in his history of New Hanover County recounts an amusing story in connection with General Washington’s visit to Wil mington. “There is a tradition that dur ing his stay what afterwards be came a threadbare joke, was per petrated by Laurence (called Lai) Dorsey, as follows: “Dorsey kept the inn where the dinner was given, and the General remarking upon the very flat and sometimes swampy nature of the <OmMMed m F*|t Two; Col. *) President Opens Red Cross Drive i ---------- I Sgs&m...:?. >4«Ki^ -Jd .. . Speaking from the White House, President Harry S Truman of Thle*Ipre°«M«n/hHl947 Red ^r08S fund dr,ve for 60 million dollars. The President, addressing the nation by radio, asked “every hom« S OOft S l-T„efltab*ShHnenit of the 1fnd” to respond to the appeals of tira^oundphotoV * °n ^ CaMp“ign The Weather FORECAST: North Carolina—Clear to partly cloudy. Windy and continued cold Monday and Monday night. Tuesday partly cloudy and warmer. (Eastern Standard Time) (By U. S. Weather Bureau) Meteorologist, data for the 24 hours ending 7:30 p. m. yesterday. Temperatures 1:30 a. m. 40: 7:30 a. m. 39; 1:30 p. m. 42: 7:30 p. m. 36. Maximum 46; Minimum 34; Mean 40; Normal 50. Precipitation Total for 24 hours ending 7:30 p. m. .01 inches. Total since the first of the month 0.17 inches. Tides For Today (From the Tide Tables published by U. S- Coast and Geodetic Survey) HIGH LOW Wilmington 6:36 a. rn. 1:06 a. m. 6:59 p. m. 1:49 p. m. Masonboro inlet 4:22 a. m. 10:54 a. m. 4:50 p. m. 11:04 p. m. Supciae 8:36: Sunset 6:10; Moon rise 2:21p; Moonset 4:21a. BILL FOR BUREAU TRANSFER PRAWN Would Give City Jurisdic tion Over Local Iden tification Unit a Dili transferring control of the City-County Bureau of Identifica tion to the city has already been prepared, according to Representa tive Robert M. Kermon, who indi cated last night that the measure will be introduced in the legisla ture shortly. Under Kermon’s bill, the bureau, which is headed by Harry Fales, would operate subject to the civil service commission. He said he had received a letter from Citj Manager J. R. Benson requesting that the department be placed under control of the city but not under the commission. He ex plained that before he introduced the bill he wanted to confer with Benson on the matter. Another measure which he said he would introduce shortly would be one establishing the position oi issistant coroner for New Han over county. Discussion about creating this post was recently conducted at a meeting of the New Hanover board of county commis sioners. Under the bill proposed by Ker mon, the assistant coroner would be selected by the county coroner, with the nomination subject to> con firmation by the resident judge of Jhe eighth judicial ■ district. Ker mon said that inasmuch as the post was a constitutional one the dis. trict judge should have . the au thority to pass on any nominee for the job. Also due to be introduced, Ker mon said, is a measure bringing into the city limits a portion of land formerly belonging to the Cape Fear Country club on the Wrightsville highway, but now in private hands. He explained that when the city limits were extend ed this section of land was not in cluded in the area brought under the control of the city. This land has recently been sold by the club, Kermon said, and his measure would bring the land inside the city limits. LILIENTHAL TO TESTIFY AGAIN Senate Atomic Energy Body Recalls Nominee On Fresh Charges WASHINGTON, March, 2 — (U.R) — David E. Lilienthal makes an other and perhaps final, appear ance before the senate atomic energy committee tomorrow in his cee-saw battle for confirmation as chairman of the new atomic energy commission. The tall and balding former head of the Tennessee Valley authority was recalled by the com mittee to answ er'rene wed charges” that he was ‘‘too soft” toward Rus sia and communism and a fresh accusation that he violated Wiscon sin laws by accepting a private salary w’hile on the state payroll. The committee hopes to reach a vote on Lilienthal by next week. Few doubted that he could w’in its approval but the real test of strength will come on the senate floor. Despite the formidable opposi tion of such Republican leaders as Chairman Robert A. Taft, O., of the party’s senate policy commit tee. GOP whip Kenneth S. Wherry, Neb., and majority leader Wallace H. White, Me., unofficial polls of the full senate membership indi cate Lilienthal will slip through by a 12 to 15 vote margin. President Truman’s companion appointment — that of Gordon R. Clapp to succeed Lilienthal in the TVA post — -was also facing a tough, up-hill battle. It wras rejected last week by the senate public works committee on (Continued On Page Two; Col. 5) TRUMANFINDS MOTHER BETTER President Stops For Visit While En Route To Mexico City GRANDVIEW. Mo., March 2. — (/P)— President Truman, stopping here en route to Mexico City, found his mother in greatly improved condition today and more con cerned about his than her own health. Brig. Gen. Wallace Graham, the President’s physician, said at a press conference that the 94-year old Mrs. Martha E. Truman told him she is praying that her son will be the greatest President in history. SJre explained, Graham said, that this is a prayer she always has voiced for the nation’s President. ‘‘Mrs. Truman told me also that she is praying for me to keep her son in good health,” the physician added. Graham declared that as long as the peppery President’s mother ‘‘keeps up the fire she has shown” she will get well. (Continued On Page Two; Col. 2) | Irregularity Charges In Georgia Are Denied ATLANTA, March 2—(/P)—Offi cials of Telfair county—home of the Talmadges—today denied the Atlanta Journal’s charges of ir regularities in the county’s 1946 general election returns. The Telfair returns were instru mental in making Herman Tal madge eligible for election as Geor gia Governor by the legislature. Talmadge himself issued a state ment characterizing as ’‘yellow journalism’’ the newspaper’s re port in Sunday editions that it had documentary evidence of me ’vot ing” of dead, non-resident and non existent persons in th* Helen* pre cinct of tit* county. ■ ' • --- - ■ - * Meanwhile, D. Talmadge Bow ers, Republican candidate for Gov ernor who was eliminated in the January legislative election, said he would ask for a re-canvass of the returns by the general assem bly. “If they won't, I'll have to go to court,’’ Bowers said. Commenting on the Journal re port. S. W. Brooks, chairman o£ iha Helena district election manag ers. said: “In general, I have. nothing to say about these charges because I they aren’t true.” t GasFurnace Responsible, Official Says Three-Story Building Made Mass Of Rubble In Downtown Area $1,000,000 LOSS Wreckage Hurled Many Feet As Cars Passing By Are Demolished CHICAGO, March 2. —(/P)—. At least two persons were killed and 40 were injured today in a terrific explosion which demolished a three-story building and damaged other buildings within a radius of more than two blocks in the down town area, near the board of trade. The two dead were blown from the street into the understructure of a nearby elevated platform. Win dows were broken as far ai four blocks away. Automobiles passing the scene were demolished. The building where the blast oc curred was a mass of blazing rub ble. Two minor explosions occurred in the debris a short time later, and police roped off an area of nine square blocks in the vicinity which includes the southwest lec tion of the loop. Only workers ur gently needed were permitted 1* the area. Michael J. Corrigan, fire com missioner, said he believed the blast was caused by a gas furnace. He said he found a blazing discon nected gas main in the debris. Corrigan said that had the blait occurred on a weekday “hundred* would have been killed.” The explosion was in the build ing on the southwest corner of Van Buren and Wells Streets, at the point where westbound elevated trains leave file loop and in the heart of a busy office and garment making district. Windows were broken in the 11 story insurance Exchange building (Continued on Page Two, Col. 4) MEETING CALLED ON LAW CHANGE Kermon Announces Confer ence Set On Civil Service Act A meeting of representative* st all those who would be affected by any change in the present civil service act will be called the kurt of this week, probably Friday, for a full discussion of the matter, according to a statement released last night by Representative Rob ert M. Kermon. He said such a discussion should preclude any action taken te amend the present law. Kermon had no comment on the resolution adopted by the city council calling for an amendment to the act which would give to tha governing body of the city the au police and fire departments. H* said his office had informed him that a copy of the resolution had arrived but as yet he had not read it and therefore did not wish to make any comment on the mat ter. Senator A. A. Lennon also de clined to make any statement on the situation which has arisen rela tive, to the proposed change. H# likewise asserted that he had not had the chance to read the resolu tion and would wait until he had done so before making any com ment. The resolution in question was passed at a recent special session of the city council and called for changes in the present law which would grant the city administra tion the power to not only select a man to fill the positions of firs and police department heads but the authority to promote and de mote members of the two d# partments as well. The resolution cited two cases where former members of th« police department were allegedly guilty of misconduct and were not dismissed from the force by ths thority to selcet the chiefs of ths civil service commission «ve» though such action was requested it the time by *he police chief. And So To Bed Wilmingtonians raced to their windows and out-of-door* last night to get their first glimpse of snow this winter. But the snowfall was of short duration. It only lasted for a few seconds and was not dis cernible on the sidewalks. Snow flakes were also re ported in the outlying areas of the city. But there, too, it lasted only a mutter of sec onds and was followed by a drizzle of rain. Meanwhile, the weather bu reau said that the mercury would hit a low of 22 last night, with continued MM weather for today.