Newspaper Page Text
iUnrmng £>tar North Caioima s Oldest Daily Newspapei Pubilsnea Daily Except Sunday By The Wilmington Star-News h b Page Pubittnei Telephone At; Departments 2 3311 Entered as Second Class Mattel at Wilming ton, N. C.. Postoffice Unaei Aci ol Congress o) Match 3. 1878 SUBSCRIPTION HATES 8V CARRIER IN NEW HANOVER COUNTY Payable Weekly or in Advance Combi Tima Star Newt nation a Week -$ 3U 3 .25 $ 50 1 Month -- 1,30 1.10 2.25 5 Month* .. 3.80 3.25 6.50 6 Months __ _ 7 80 6.50 13.00 1 Year ,. „ .. 15.80 13.00 26 00 (Above rate* entitle subscriber to Sunday ibfue ot Star News) SINGLE COPY Wilmington New* ...... 5C Morning Star .. „ ___ 5c Sunday Star-Newa „. ... 10c By Mail; Payable Strictly in Advanct 3 Months _ . S *.50 I 2.00 $ 3.85 6 Month* .. 5 00 4.00 7.70 1 i'ekr .IU.J0 8.00 15.40 (Above rale,- entitle subrcribei to Sunday _issues ol Star-Newa WILMINGTON STAR (Daily Without Sunday) 1 Months—31,85 6 Months—$3.70 1 Year—$7 40 When remitting by mail please use check or U. S. P. O. money order. The Star-News can not be responsible for currency sent through the mails. MEMBER OE_THE ASSOCIATED PRESS AND ALSO SERVED BY THE UNITED PRESS TUESDAY, APRIL 1, 1947 GOOD MORNING Every great scientific truth goes through three stages: First, people say it conflicts with the Bible. Next they say it had been discovered before. Lastly they say they al ways believed it.—Agassir. Parking At Meters On the whole meter parking in Wil mington is working out pretty well. But there is one requirement in the traffic ordinance that is too widely overlooked, with resultant distress for potential parkers. The requirement is that cars shall be so parked that the headlights are opposite the meter. When this is ob served a driver turning into meter space ahead or behind a parked car has ample room to park easily. But when headlights of a parked car are several feet ahead of the meter, or behind it, no car can get into the open space without locking bumpers or scraping fenders, which is never a pleasant experience, and sometimes proves costly both to dispositions and pocketbooks. It may be that most offenders do not know the traffic ordinance. On the chance that this is the case it might bring improvement in the situation if the police on their rounds kept an eye out for wrongly parked cars and left a note under the windshield wiper call ing the driver’s attention to the law. That ought to be enough. Surely no reasonable motorist would have to have a second notice. But in case some person parked incorrectly through in difference, the police could keep a rec ord of licenses and on a second offenste word the notice a bit stronger. A third offense naturally should be handled by the court. It May Be Bunk, But— Some years ago Maude Adams and Otis Skinner took out a road company in “The Merchant of Venice.” Without disrespect for the lady it is only fair to say that Mr. Skinner stole the show. His Shylock was a thing to remem ber a , lifetime. Miss Adams gave a reading of Portia that impressed those in her audiences who recalled Ada •Rehan in the part with the thought that she was making a frivolous wom an, subject to whim and fancy, of the great feminine advocate in the court scene. The pound of flesh — that was the bargain. But the drop of blood came only as an after-thought. The cunning of the defense was lost. But this was not intended as a dra matic criticism. The purpose is to not'e the comment of a spectator. “Wasn’t that dialogue,” he remarked, “the bunk?” The only answer, by present standards, is Yes. All Shakespeare is the bunk, as we measure the English speech. The only question is whether we of this slangy generation have not thrown away some thing of great value. It is not necpssary to speak as Shakespeare wrote. In fact we have learned to say things with greater di rectness in the intervening centuries. But wre may well doubt if we have also learned to say things as well. This started when two high school boys, and juniors at that, stopped at a store window and, pointing to socks on display, one remarked “Them’s them.” Shapespeare never wrote any thing quite so direct. At the same time he never wrote anything quite so faulty, j Draft Knell Sounded For six years and more the flower of American manhood has been subject to draft call. Because an Austrian sign painter madly set out to conquer the world the United States was forced to interrupt its peaceful activities and de vote itself to war—such a war as had never been fought before and which the world could not hope to survive should it be renewed with the terrible weapons, including the atomic bomb, which are the direct result of that farflung battle. Now the young men of the nation and their troubled parents may awaken in the morning without dread that draft boards will issue calls for more troops. The draft law died at midnight last night. Even in the present uncertain situa tion the nations find themselves, it is not deemed necessary to hold the threat of being summoned to the colors over the heads of the boys oKout to gradu ate from high school or those others who have found employment. There is a continuing need for troops, especially as replacements for soldiers in occupied zones, and to maintain the regular Army at its designated strength. There is a continuing need for fliers in the Air Forces, for men in the Navy the Marine Corps and the Coast Guard. But with fine faith in the loyalty of young men and with adequate exploita tion of the advantages volunteers may enjoy in the armed services it is believ ed that recruitment can be kept up to the ncessary level. Enlistments are not what they used to be, when the whole thought at Wash ington was to get youngsters, into uni form and drill them in the manuel of arms and group maneuvers. Enlistments now afford opportunities many eligibles could not otherwise enjoy. Chance is given to perfect oneself in the trade or skill for which the recruit is best fitted by nature. With the business community and the nation’s industry disturbed by re adjustments still to be completed, it is doubtful if many of our younger gen eration could find better or more con genial employment than in the armed services while, at the same time, they acquired aptitudes that would enable them to take an even better position in the community once they complete their tours of duty. It would be well for the men eligible for service in the armed forces to weigh carefully t’i. changes that would rmie to therrt once they enlisted. Lewis Smiles Beatifically It is not difficult to picture the beatific smile with which John L. Lewis ordered this six-day layoff for miners. It was April 1 on which he proposed to call a mine strike. Prevented by the Supreme Court’s ruling on the fines im posed by Judge Goldsborough in Wash ington against him personally and the mine union he heads, the catastrophe at the Centralia, Illinois, mine provid ed the chance he needed to order a mourning period for the victims. And so he gets his strike after all. Not, to be sure, on the scale he had in mind, as only three days production will be affected, but it puts him on a pedestal of sorts and that is what he covets most, especially after the hu miliation he was subjected to in the courts. As it happens, the suspension of mining may not seriously affect in dustry, although United States Steel may have to bank fires in eight blast furnaces and close down some four thousand beehive ovens. The greatest loss will fall upon the miners themselves, whose wages cease while they are idle. Apparently Lewis would rather mourn the Centralia dead than keep payrolls in action. On The Job The hope of the world lies in the American government — and the American private enterprise system which underlies it. As our international commitments grow, more and more peoples in nations which bore the full physical brunt of war look to us for succor. Already, American industry has brought new vistas of prosperity and progress to remote parts of the world. The work of the Arabian-American Oil Company in Saudi Arabia is a dra matic example of this. The company is financed and operated by a group of four United States oil companies. It is pouring gigantic sums — the total may run as high as $300,000,000 — into Saudi Arabia to develop hitherto untouched oil resources that are there. In the process, it has brought modern medicine to the peoples of the region. It has started great agricultural experi * ment projects. It has built villages and good roads. Thus, with free enterprise at the helm, social progress and eco nomic development go hand in hand — pricisely as they have always done here at home. In the coming years American in dustry in many fields will carry on work of this nature. The techniques developed in the new world will be ap plied to the resources — and the re habilitation — of the old. Millions of people, who know little of American ideals of liberty, will see the superiority of the free enterprise system over the totalitarian system — regardless of what it wears. The American oil in dustry is a product of free opportunity upon which our nation was built. Tax Reduction WASHINGTON — The chances are still against a tax reduction at this session of Congress. One reason is that the Republicans will not cut the president’s budget as they planned. Another is that the president prob ably will veto any tax-cut bill that is passed. The possibility of a veto was heightened recently by the testimony of Treasury Secre tary John Snyder before the House ways and means committee. Snyder opposed any tax reduction now. It seems unlikely that mem bers in Congress strongly in favor of a cut could marshal the number of votes necessary to pass any bill over the president’s veto. Republicans are finding it more an<j more difficult to cut Mr. Truman’s budget. It is clear now that as money bills are passed they will not reduce the president’s figures enough to make room for the proposed three and-a-half billion dollar tax cut plus a sub stantial sum for debt retirement. In fact, there is a possibility that they will trim the president’s budget so little that the return of $3,50u,000,000 to the public through tax reduction would result in a deficit in the next fiscal year instead of a surplus. This strong possibility represents a potent barrier to tax reduction, since sentiment at the White House and in Congress is against a cut if it would result in continued deficits. Agriculture Department officials say that the average American will be able to buy more meat this year than at any time since before World War I. They report that the meat situation has swung from one extreme to another—from the acute shortage of last autumn to huge supplies in the coming months. Every man, woman and child in the United States has about 150 pounds of meat on the butcher’s shelf during 1947. That’s about five pounds more per person than last year, and the most since 1911. This prediction is based on the tremendous boost in beef production, plus a drop in ex ports and military needs. The increase in beef will more than counteract a decline in supplies of pork, lamb and mutton. Tile United States Marines are fighting for their lives. The Leathernecks, whdse combat record throughout their history has been a proud one, are in danger of being ■ swallowed’’ in the Armed Forces Unification Plan now be fore Congress. Certain Army spokesmen, have let it be known that they regard the Marine Corps as a land-fighting outfit which belongs in the Army, not the Navy. There is a strong move ment in the War department to annex the Marines as an adjunct of the Army ground forces when the merger has been accom plished. However, the Marines are determined tc stay in the Navy, under whose command they have “fought their country's battles’’ from the time the corps was created. They are determined to preserve their iden tity and are using every weapon they can find in this strange inter-service “psychologi cal warfare.” * One method they are using is distribution, free of charge, to the hundreds of members of the Washington press corps of copies of Maj. Frank O. Hough’s story of the Marines in the Pacific—“The Island War.’ The book retails at five dollars. But the Marine Corps public information office feels that the money is well spent if it helps their argument that Marines should remain Marines and not become doughboys. Editorial Comment ALBION’SLIVELY GHOST Britain’s outlook is somehow a degree brighter after the family ghost of Sir Anthony Doughty - Tichborne (motto: Pro Pugna Pa tria) was laid again. In A D. 1150, a Lady Tichborne decreed on her deathbed that Annunciation day must never pass without a gift of Tichborne flour to each inhabitant of Alresford in Hants. In A. D. 1796 the distribution was misled and the curse came to pass. The house fell, a generation of seven sons was followed by one of. seven daughters, the proud name died, to be restored only by decree of His Britannic Majesty. In A. D. 1947 flour is rationed, and the rule is in socialist hands. The Food Ministry could not possibly defer to the Tichborne Curse: Extra rations denied. But, in prudent time, the bureaucrat relented: Applications grant ed. Reading that, one remembers how socialist coal-diggers almost took up arms against un dermining an ancient castle. One remembers that the British memory of dignity and free dom is as vivid as the American, and many times longer and much harder tested. Tradi tion. some say, is silly. Tradition is also the refractory stuff that carries a people through fires of adversity. Britain cannot come unscorched through the present fires, or with its imperial append ages But as to Albion herself, there are things like the Tichborne Curse, and there’s a war ditty: “There’ll Always Be An England.” — St. Louis Post-Dispatch. ALBANY PROTECTS THE TIPPLER On the last day of its session the New York State Legislature passed a bill forbid ding bars to use “jiggers” (measuring glasses) with trick bottoms that make the customer think he is getting more liquor than he really is. The legal phrase is that the glass must not be “so constructed as to be deceptive in appearance.” The Albany lawmakers then realized that a jigger might have an honest bottom and yet be constructed along slender lines, so that what looked like an ounce glass woul^ hold only 3-4 of an ounce. Accordingly, a provi sion was put into the bill specifying that any liquor measuring glass — be it as big as a bucket—must have a capacity divisible into exact half-ounces; no shading to 3-8 of an ounce is legal.—New York Herald Tribune. THE PRESIDENT’S JOB To the query of an old neighbor from back home, “How does it feel to be president of the United States?” Lincoln could answer. “You have heard about the man tarred and feathered and ridden out of town on a rail? A mar. in the crowd asked him how he liked it. and his reply was that if it wasn’t for the honor of the thing, he would much prefer walking.” — Carl Sandburg, in tfc* Atlantic Monthly. THE MIDAS “TOUCH” U-M-M! CWBt \CAH PEVEUOP A COMMONEST * 1&EU.VACAETOO SHORE! SHORE! L > OOW A3015T A FEW Million s . or so? i The Book Of Knowledge Department: -LITERATURE THE ENGLISH MIRACLE PLAYS The chief form of the English drama in the Middle Ages was religious in character. Some of the plays, called mysteries, dealt with stories from the Bible; others, known as miracle plays, told about the lives of the saints or about the miracles they wrought. The mysteries and miracles had their beginnings under the auspi ces of the Church. Before the Norman conquest o f England, some of tire church services— which were, of course, in Latin— made use of song and very r' o action in order to make *^^^^ing clear. „.uest example which we kr.„w was composed around the year 900. This w-as performed during service at Eastertide. Part of the song was sung by three friars dressed as women seeking the tomb of Christ, while another part was sung by a friar dressed as an angel guarding the tomb. After the Norman conquest, plays based on the lives of the saints became increasingly pop ular in the monastery schools, where the younger pupils honored McKENNEY On Bridge By WILLIAM E. McKENNEY America’s Card Authority 4k K 10 5 VK2 ♦ KJ 954 4k A63 4k A Q J 9 Tj I 4k 7 6 4 83 W = V Q 7 6 w ♦ A 10 7 3 ♦ 2 S 4k K Q 9 7 4k J 85 Dealer 2 4k 2 V AJ 10984 3 ♦ Q86 4k 10 4 Tournament—Neither vul. South West North F.*st Pass Pass 1 ♦ Double IV 1 4k Pass Pass 2 V 24k 3 V 34k 4 V 4 4k Double Pass Opening—V K 1 Written for NEA Service Today's hand from the world championship Masters individual tournament brings out some good points in the play of the cards. The bidding was normal and even when the dummy went down, de clarer did not think the contract was in danger. But with the de fense he received, he couldn’t make it. When the king of Hearts held the first trick, North led the king of diamonds. His reasoning was that if he led a low diamond and declarer held the queen and one, there still would be an entry into dummy, and North wanted to kill that entry, before the club suit could be established. He also thought from the bidding that South should have at least the queen of diamonds. Declarer won the king of dia monds with dummy’s ace, led a spade and went right up with the ace. North having marked him self with the king by his double. Now a heart was ruffed in dum my and a diamond ruffed by de clarer, who then attempted to ruff -the third heart. But North trumped with the ten-spot and later made the ace of clubs and king of trumps, setting the con tract. At another table declarer play ed a small club from dummy after the second heart was ruffed. South put up the ten, West played the jack an^ North let it hold. West , led another club and again North refused to win, because by playing the ten South was start ing an echo to let his partner know v/here the missing clubs were. By holding off with the ace of clubs until the third round. North was able to keep declarer out of the dummy. This line of defense also defeated the con i tract. St. Nicholas, and the older ones St. Catharine of Alexandria. From these simple beginnings rose the mystery and miracle plays which, in the latter part of the 11th century, during all of the 12th and the greater part of the 13th, were so closely bound to the Church. Although religious plays were at first given within the church walls, they began at a very early date to be given outside the build ing itself, usually on scaffolds set up nearby. They became com pletely independent of the service and grew more and more popu lar. The good people of England flocked to see them, weeping at their pathos or shouting with laughter at their comedy which, losing its earlier, gentler humor, became boisterous and worldly. One of the favorite comic charac ters was Noah’s wife, who made all sorts of difficulties about en-. tering the ark. Some of the religious plays were performed at the time of the great church festivals, especially the feast of Corpus Christi, which was first held in 1264. A magnifi cent procession celebrated Corpus Christi, with the different guilds uf craftsmen vying with each other to make the finest showing. Soon stages set up on wheels—we would call them floats today— were introduced in the procession, and each float represented a scene from the story of the Bible. Presently, at different points along the path of the procession, it became the custom for each float to stop. Each group would act out the scene it represented, then move along to the next stop ping point, and act it out again before a new audience. On t h e first float might be a little play telling the story of creation. On the second, the subject of the play might be Adam and Eve. j In this way, a whole series or cycle of plays grew up. Often four days or more were needed to give the entire performance. By the 14th century, this pro cessional drama had become fully developed in England. But the early manuscripts have been lost. By the 15th century, the number of religious plays that had been written was fairly large. The earliest purely English play known to us is probably one dating from the 15th century, telling the story of Jacob and Esau. The four great cycles o f plays that have survived from the 15th and 16th centuries are the Coventry plays, the Chester Religion Day By Day BI WILLIAM T. ELLIS THE CELLAR OF BONES Not many persons have visited the Monastery of St. Katherine, on Monut Sinai; but nobody who has done so can ever forget it. One of the curious sights of the place is the ancient cellar wherein the bones of the dead monks of cen turies ago are kept. They are stacked like firewood—skulls here, leg-bones here, arms here, ribs and small bones here. All individ ual identy has been merged into the common bone-pile. Of late years, however, the fash ion has been adopted of keeping the skeletons of archbishops in act—as if there were any differ ence in rank among the bones. 1 co-'ld see no reason for it; though there was a whimsical and rather gruesome reason for keeping in tact, in his accustomed seat at the doorway, the bones of the old monk who spent a lifetime as caretaker of this hideous mausole um. The skeleton even wears old robes, and insignia of office. Perhaps, though, these ignorant monks, in their solicitude for bones, are not very different from the rest of us in our pagan em bellishment of tombs. Teach us anew, O God, that ‘‘this mortal shall put on immortal ity”, and that only the spirit of man survive*. Amen. plays, and the York and Towne ley mysteries. (Copyright, 1946, By t h e Gro lier Society, Inc., based upon the Book of Knowledge) (Distributed by United Fea ture Syndicate, Inc.) Tomorrow: — A Plant’s Struggle in Crowded Areas. Literary Guidepost BY W. G. ROGERS VILLAGE DAYBOOK: A SAC PRAIRIE JOURNAL, by August Derleth, .illustrated by Frank Utpatel (Pellegrini & Cudahy; $3.25.) Birds, beasts and people, extra ordinary, ordinary and ornery, are shown in these honest, if not al ways exciting, pages: Owls fly over the house, minnows blacken the brook, a bullsnake devours a rabbit, the cat has to be “fixed,” the uncle laid out in his coffin, the narness maker's gossip listen ed to, the banquet or dance at tended. These and other stories of the Wisconsin countryside have driven Derleth to prose, or occa sionally inspired him to verse. New York publishers might ask this new Chicago house where it finds its fine grade paper. DARIO: 1925-1945, A FICTITIOUS REMINISCENCE, by Percy Winnef (Harcourt, Brace; $2.50) The author, equipped with an unusually comprehensive iournal istic experience in Europe, has made a novel out of his own edu cation in the strange ways of a Fascist. JJario Duvoiti is several rungs up the ladder when Winner, who tellr the story in the first person, calls to interview him in his office in Rome. After some initial an tagonism, the two men take a liking for each other, and their oaths cross reoeatedly as history’s oa»es unroll darkly. Politely speaking. Dario the oolitico is an opportunist, but in brutal truth he is a turncoat, and the last side he turns out, as re vealed in the short “epilogue orologue” which not only ends the novel but also presages an other career for him. is a big sur prise. As idea. I find it ingenious; as novel, stilted. THE AVIATION ANNUAL OF 1947, edited by Regniald Cleve land (Harper; §5). Army, naval and civilian aia tion. domestic and foreign, manu facturing and research are among the topics considered in this illus trated annual. The Doctor Says— SPRING FEVER IS MORE THAN LEGEND By WILLIAM A. O’BRIEN, M. n. There really is such a thing as spring fever. Physiologists tell us that it results from the body shift ing from the winter to summer schedule when warm sun gets in its relaxing effect. During the winter months th9 body needs extra supplies of hish caloric energy foods to counteract heat loss and to supply material for energy expenditure. But when the first warm days of spring find us on a cold weather schedule, we are uncomfortable as the result. Your desire for new clothes, lighter in weight and color, ]j partly physiologic and partly pgy. cholcgic. During the switch over period, the heat-regulat ing mechanisms are less efficient, and loss of heat through conduc tion to the surrounding at mosphere and by evaporation is difficult unless encouraged by lighter clothing. The warm sunny days of spring raise body temperature, stimulate blood flow, and cause relaxation of muscles. We feel tired as we try to move about and do our work. As the temperature of man is higher than that of his surround ings, there is constant loss of heat from the surface of the body. Overweight persons usually notice the heat more in the spring than those of normal or below normal weights. There is no reason to watch the salt and water intake unless one is engaged in heavy work, but a little salt in your water on a warm spring day will help you to over come that tired feeling. The average person will also feel better if he eats more vege tables and fruits and less meat, potatoes, bread, and dessert at - this time of year. QUESTION: Are spells of heart palpitation due to a spastic colon? ANSWER: No. Both the palpi tation and spastic colon are the result of neurosis which is an at tempt to escape from a disagree able situation through illness. Star Dust Mail Order Time When the back of winter is broken and time is climbing up hill to spring, the big bulky sum mer mail order catalogs arrived on the farm. They always sent two or three so the whole family could work at once on the lists for the spring order. Father and Mother had been keeping a list at they thought of things needed. Father always added a box or two of the chocolate “seconds” and a five pound box of the hard sugar can dies. To a 14-year older it always seemed as though his sisters had to indulge in an unnecessary amount of giggling and whispering as they looked over the fashions. But the boy had real problems. His desires and imperative needs never balanced with the amount of available contemporary re sources. He needed a new fishing rod and one of the new-fangled reels; he needed a four * bladed knife and a pair of those red top ped leather boots. That book, “The Unbelievable, Nerve-Tingling Ad ventures of a Lone Trooper in the Arctic Circle” was absolutely essential. Boys and girls, men and women, still make out their li*tc when mail order time rolls around The heavy catalogs are “muit' reading for millions. Psychiatry Psymplified Psychiaitry shows that a «ni: who’s ferocious. Is merely a victim of p*ycho neurosis. That fear is a phobia, a mental protuberance Whicn yields to the power of in telligent students. That love with its pleasure* or pained agitation Is no more or less than a simple fixation. Yet I find as they weaken the phobia that's hurting. They strengthen a couple with which I’ve been flirting. —Merle Benyon. The Changing World In former days Collegiate ways Suggested day? of frolic. Now college lads, (The G. I. dads) Stay up with baby's colic. Ina S. Stovall Wooden You Know It ‘‘Wai ,r, this is outrageous! You’" ve raised the price of cottage pud ding ten cents a portion.”. “Sorry, sir, but you know ho«| the price of building mater all have been going up.” WHY WE SAY by ST AN J. COLLINS ILL SLAW* * " APRI L FOOL’^DAV " In 1564 in France the beginning of the year was changed from the 25th of March to the 1st of January. Following I the change it was common practice to | give persons hoax gifts on April 1st, still pretending it was the holiday season. This custom gave rise to our modern Am-il 1st nranks co” ,*4T ,Y 6,Nnui "*TUI,IJ /\prn ist pranKs.