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i •* 4 gfttf ♦ CUl 4 Served By L.„ed Wire, Imumt tt Mitrttwn w>Ut State and National News ______ WILMINGTON, N. C., THURSDAY, APRIL 3, 1947 « ■■ — i. ■ i. . .. x ■ . — . .. ■■■ _:_ Unity Agreed Upon As Must By Big Four Foreign Ministers Will De fer Provisional Govern ment For Germany AGAIN DEADLOCKED Bidault Makes Compromise On Question At Four Hour Long Session MOSCOW, April 2—(^)—The four power Foreign Ministers agreed tonight that no provisional Ger man government would be estab lished until the deadlocked question of economic unity for that country had been decided. In a meeting which lasted four hours and 20 minutes, the minis ters once again found themselves deadlocked on many important issues. The only concession of the day was an apparent compromise by French Foreign Secretary Bi dault, who agreed conditionally to British proposals for establish ing a provisional government in Germany, by stages. Prior to the meeting, American officials disclosed that United States Secretary of State Marshall had informed Russian Foreign Minister Molotov by letter that when present withdrawals of U. S. armed forces in China were com plete, only 6,180 personnel would remain there, and these at the re quest of the Chinese government. No Information The letter added that American forces had sent some 3,000,000 Japanese from China to Japan, and pointedly declared that the United States has "no information” concerning 700,000 Japanese taken in Manchuria by the Russians. In the session on Germany, Marshall suggested the ministers abolish the veto principle in the Allied Control council, as applied to any future provisional German (Continued On Page Two; Col. 7) TABLING NOTION KILLS ABC BILL House Unanimously Op poses Measure For Vote On Small Town Stores RALEIGH, April 2 — UP) —The House of the legislature, without an opposing vote being heard, voted today to kill a bill which would allow municipalities of pop ulations greater than 5,440 to vote on the legalization of alcoholic beverage control stores. The bill was killed on a tabling motion by Rep. Clarence Stone at Rockingham after Reps. Dan Tompkins of Jackson and G. A. Martin of Johnston made strong pleas opposing the measure. The Senate, meanwhile, voted averwhelmingly to approve a bill which will allow Mecklenburg county to vote on the question of establishing ABC stores in the county. The bill already had pass ed the house. Speaking for passage of the measure was Sen. Joe Blythe of Mecklenburg, president pro tempore of the Senate. He told his colleagues that his county had an “intolerable situation" where, he said he had been informed, were over 100 places that one can buy liquor by the drink or by the pint,” Nobody spoke against the bill. Tompkins, in taking the floor of the House to speak against the bill to allow liquor referendu'ms by municipalities of over 5,440 popu lation, said: “If I represented a county witn ABC stores, I would oppose this bill. For if it passes, two years from now, this House will be filled with men pledged to vote for a •tate-wide liquor referendum.” Tompkins asserted the bill should have been “entitled” an act to* disenfranchise the rural people at North Carolina when it tomes to voting on ABC stores..” The House passed without dis - aenting vote a bill to define and punish subversive activities. BAMBONE’S MEDITATIONS By Alley --- Ep tK CtAM5UR WlN HE JES' THINK HE SMAHT BUT £f HE U05E Ht KNOW HE A Foout _,, ilciti. lx.) Trade Mar) j_Favors ‘Service’ Army _Jl General Dwight D. Eisenhower, chief of staff of the United States Army who talked at length to North Carolina newspapermen yesterday at Fort Bragg where he is inspecting the vast military establishment there. He is also scheduled to visit Fort Benning and other southern army camps. I “IKE” QUESTIONS VOLUNTEER ARMY Chief Of Staff Tells News' men Dependence Poses Terrific Gamble BY AL DICKSON Staff Correspondent FORT BRAGG, April 2 — The question of whether a volunteer army can be depended upon in place of one raised and maintain ed through universal military service is a terrific gamble while this country is still technically at war. General of the Army Dwight D. Eisenhower told a group of North Carolina newspapermen and radio representatives here at noon today. Dressed in the smart battle jacket he made famous and a pair of slacks, the genial chief of staff talked with the newsmen at head quarters of Maj. Gen. S. Leroy Irwin, commander of both the post and the V corps. Greater part of the 20 - minute conference was devoted to discus sion of the army’s manpower sit uation. . General Eisenhower, who read ily answered all questions, empha sized that if voluntary enlistments fail, then the American armies of occupation will fall below the strength needed to maintain order and achieve stability in the de feated countries. If that happens, he continued, disorder can be expected and the aims this government has of es tablishing permanent peace will receive a severe blow. Concerned Over forces The former supreme command er of the Allied Expeditionary Force added that failure to prop erly maintain the occupation forces would be a matter of se rious concern to everyone in this country. The United States, he declared, must keep at least a million-man volunteer army as long as it has these occupation duties. He would not hazard a guess as to how long it will be necessary to continue this great task. In his discussion of manpower, he ma ie it plain that the post hostilit is operation of Selective Service has been an extremely ex pensive method of keeping the army up to strength. He estimat ed that the army gets but nine months actual service out of this type soldier after the time for training, transportation and fur loughs has been deducted. He also explained that many of these men bring on extra costs because they are entitled to the benefits of the GI bill of rights. Sees Better Soldier The soldier in the new volun (Continued on Page Two; Col. 1) The Weather FORECAST: North Carolina—Clear to partly cloudy, a little warmer over east portion Thursday; increasing cloudiness Thurs day night; scattered showers and con tinued warm Friday. South Carolina—Clear to partly cloudy and warmer Thursday; increasing cloudiness Thursday night; Friday con tinued warm with scattered showers. (Eastern Standard Time) (By U. S. Weather Bureau) Meteorological data for the 24 hours ending 7:30 p. m. yesterday. TEMPERATURES 1:30 a. m. 63; 7:30 a. m. 64; 1:30 p. m. 62; 7:30 p. m. 63; Maximum 67; Mini mum 59; Mean 63; Normal 58. HUMIDITY 1:30 a. m. 77; 7:30 a. m. 79; 1:30 p. m. 100; 7:30 p. m. 8S. PRECIPITATION Total for 24 hours ending 7:30 p m. 0.80 inches. Total since the first of the month 0.80 inches. TIDES FOR TODAY (From the Tide Tables published by U. S. Coast and Geodetic Survey). High Low Wilmington_ 8:12 a.m. 2:41 a.m. 8:35 p.m. 3:07 p.m. Masonboro _ 6:00 a.m. 12:16 a.m. 6:29 p.m. - p m. Sunrise 5:57; Sunset 6:34; Moonrise 4:40p; Moonset 5:09a. River stage at Fayetteville, N. C. at 8 a. m. Wednesday 12.3 feet. councITseeking RESTORATION AID City To Ask For Federal Grant To Repair Thal lian Hall Efforts to obtain a federal grant to aid in the restoration of Thalian hail, was voted by the city coun cil at yesterday’s session. The decision came after City Building Inspector Gilbert F. Mor ton submitted a report of an in vestigation he made of the struc ture. He termed it unsafe It has been estimated that from $100,000 to $150,000 will be requir ed to restore the building. A suggestion that the hall be leased to the Thalian Society tor a period of 99 years and then the responsibility for the restoration be left up to the group was offered by Councilman Harris Newman. He said he believed there was enough interest in the historical value of the project to make the restoration desirable but indicated his belief that the city was unable to expend the sum of money nec essary to complete the repairs needed. No action was taken on a re quest by Fred Creech, pencil ven der, that he be permitted to sell pencils on the streets. A motion was made that contact be made with the welfare department to see if Creech might not be taught a trade, but the latter declined. Aaron Goldberg, local attorney, appeared before the council t i 2 quest that the city grant (funds in the amount of $400 for the im provement , of the Wilmington Light infanty company armory. It was decided that a committee would be named to confer with (Continued on Page Two; Col. Z) Along The Cape Fear PROMISED STORY — Well here’s the story we promised to pass along to you from Mr. C. C. Chadboum, o' 415 South Front street, who has been most gra cious in giving Along The Cape Fear liberally of both his time and talents; Not so long ago we told how Mr. Chadboum recalls the Old Union Depot near Ninth and Bla den streets which was used by the Wilmington & Weldon railroad and the Wilmington, Columbia Augusta line. There both freight and passengers wer ®xc^a”ge^ aS was a terminal for both of the famous early railroads here. LONG FORGOTTEN -‘It may not be generally remembered that up to about 1888 the guage of the railroads south of Wilmington was three and one half inches wider than the guage north of the city. “It never was quite certain whether this was because it was thought that the type of soil re quired a broader guage or wheth er it was ou account of the bitter feeling between the two sections which had been in existence long before the outbreak of actual hos tilities,” Mr. Chadbourn writes. Be that as it may as to the reason for the difference in the width of the guage, but the diffi culties incumbent were myriad. “This meant that all freight had to be transferred at Wilmington and passenger cars did not get through the city,” Mr. Chadbourn reminds us. * * * SPECIAL ARRANGEMENT “There was a unigue arrangement for Pullmans. This was before the days of the Wilson-Florence short cut, and Wilmington was on the main line betwen North and South. “There was a pit at the east end of the shed. The Pullmans were rolled ever the pit. Coming south, the four-ftiot eight and one half inch guage wheels were dropped out and the five-foot guage wheels substituted. ; (ContlMM* on Fofo Two; Col. ») U.S. GETS JAP ISLANDS TRUSTEESHIP; MULL LETTERS READ TO COMMITTEE; TEN DIE IN FIREWORKS PLANT BLAST - I Five Injured By Explosion In Missouri Victims Burned Almost Beyond Recognition, Po lice Reports State FOUR BADLY HURT Factory Workers Were En gaged In Making July 4th Buzz-Bombs CLINTON, Mo., April 2 —CPI Ten persons were burned to death and five were injured today in an explosion and fire that demolished a one-story frame plant of the Brown Manufacturing company, a fireworks concern. Cause of the blast was undeter mined. Chief of Police J. D. Peays said that all of the 28 workers making toy Fourth of July buzz-bombs in the plant were accounted for. Thir teen made their way to satfety, the 10 dead were burned almost beyond recognition and five were injured, four of them critically. The bodies of the dead were brought to a temporary morgue at the city hall in this town of 6,000 population, about 100 miles South east of Kansas City. The dead were identified as' Roy Burnsides, Frank Camslor, J. C. Herst, J. S. Moyer, Edna Moyer, (wife of J. S. Moyer), George C. Tally, Lillian Shepard, Lydia Crockett, W. H- Belton and Harry L. Pogue. The critically injured included James C. Munday, Mrs. Mae John son, Mrs. Hazel Shepard and Will East. Mrs. Lena Holt was treated for painful burns and taken to her home. Eyewitness Account C. |\ Province gave this graph ic picture of the explosion and fire to a reporter on the scene: “I was tamping powder into small tubes and Will East was working alongside me. I saw a flash in the next room in the Northeast corner of the building where Herst (J. C. Herst, one ol the dead) was sawing the tubes into lengths and inserting wings. The wings help the buzz-bombs stay in the air. WILLIAM Z. FOSTER DENIED PERMIT TO ENTER U. S. ZONE * _____________ NEW YORK, April 2 — <£>) William Z. Foster, national chair man of the Communist party, has been refused permission by the War department to enter the U.S. zone of Germany as a correspond ent for the Daily Worker, officials of the Communist party newspa per said today. In Washington, the War Depart ment confirmed the Daily Worker announcement that Foster’s appli cation for accreditation as a Cor respondent had been denied. Alan Max, Daily Worker man aging editor, said the newspaper’s Washington office had asked why the application had been turned down and had been informed merely that the application had been processed and permission was “not granted.’’ A War department spokesman in Washington said that under its “present policy” it could not ap prove the application. Broughton Hints “Smear” Campaign Former Governor Denies Authorship Or Of Receiving Epistles Produced At Hearing; 1948 Senatorial Race “Fire” RALEIGH, April 2— (M —The 1948 U. S. Senatorial race in North Carolina was projected today be fore the Senate Finance commit tee when letters were read pur porting to show that former Gov ernor J. M. Broughton agreed to oppose. a statewide referendum on the sale of liquor. The letters were ready by Sena tor John McLaughlin of Iredell who said they were signed by for mer Speaker O. M. Mull and ad dressed to Rep. John W. Umstead of Orange county. McLaughlin said the letters were read with Umstead’s consent. Umstead is a brother of U. S. Senator William B. Umstead who is considered a candidate to suc ceed himself next year. Brough ton’s name has been closely link ed with the race. Neither has said he would run, however. Reading of the letters was an apparent effort to refute a state ment made before the committee yesterday by Mull. He said the House two-thirds, or gag, rule was adopted while he was speaker to expedite Broughton’s plans for a visit to Mexico. The gag rule has been accused by some legisla tors as being an instrument of wet forces. Mull also said that he and Broughton did not go into details over laying down anti-referendum strategy. Broughton Speaks Broughton said in a statement requested by newsmen after the letters were read that "the use that is being made, or attempted to be made, of this letter or let ters gives some indication of the beginning of the typical ‘smear campaign.’ If this is so, this effort at least has the unique distinction of having been started even be fore any candidacies have been announced.” One of the Mull letters had said on October 3, 1940, after Brough ton’s nomination that “a delega tion composed of citizens from a number of the different counties desiring the retention of ABC stores had a conference with Gov ernor Broughton It was agreed by the conference that during Gover nor Broughton’s administration the question of voting out or vot ing in ABC stores would be left to the voters of the individual counties, under the procedure now prescribed by law. In harmony with that understanding the ad ministration will oppose the state wide referendum. “Following that conference, I had a conference with Governor Broughton and assured him that if I was elected speaker I v ould stand by his administration and the understanding arrived at by said conference. As you know J. am personally opposed to the sale of liquor by any method. But I was originally a Broughton sup porter and expect to and will sup port his administration and help him to make good his understand ing in this matter. I have always (Continued On Page Two; Col. 8) Union Officials Reject Offer To Arbitrate Dispute REP. KERMON GETS PORTS BILL OVER Quillen, Royster Rally To His Side To Defeat Stone Amendment The bill calling for an appropri ation of $50,000 for the adminis tration of the State Ports Author ity each year was passed by the House yesterday despite the ef forts of Representative Clarence Stone of Rockingham to have the yearly grant slashed to $25,000. Representatives Quillen of Cum berland and Royster of Henderson joined Representative Robert M. Kermon in the successful fight to have the measure as approved by the body’s appropriations com mittee get House okay. The bill is due to be acted upon by the Senate appropriations com mittee today, and Kermon last night forecast favorable action by the group. Meanwhile t tne bill asking for $1,000,000 for' the development of the state’s ports assumed the posi tion of a dead issue as Kermon predicted that no action will be taken to approve the bill during this legislative session. The measure, introduced in the House by Kermon and in the Senate by Senator Alton A. Len non, gained warm support at the beginning but advocates were out numbered in committee sessions. WASHINGTON, April 2 —(U.R)— Long distance telephone workers tonight rejected a company offer to arbitrate various aspects of iheir wage dispute after top union officials said present indications were that the nation-wide tele phone strike will start as scheduled at 6 a. m. Monday. At an extraordinary 3 1-2 hour night conference with federal con ciliators and union officials, rep resentatives of the American Tele phone & Telegraph company, ot tered to arbitrate “base rate wages.” And certain other fea tures of the wage dispute. President John J. ivioran of the American Union of Telephone workers, an affiliate of the Na tional Federation of Telephone workers and the bargaining agent for long-distance line workers, said he rejected the company’s offer as “too limited.” He said the company was unwill ing to allow the arbitrator to grant a wage boost on the basis of an increase in the cost of living. He said the union was willing to arbi trate its particular wage dispute “but with no strings attached.” Both the company and the union tions tomorrow morning. Federal agreed to continue their negotia Conciliator William N. Margolis, who presided at tonight’s meeting, said that the conference would continue “until we get a settle ment.” But NFTW President Joseph Beirne took a darker view. After a conference with top government labor officials he said that “the way it looks now the strike will go on as scheduled.” Probe Of County Home Here Launched By Commissioners BY GEORGE HASLAM Star Staff Writer A thorough investigation into charges that the inmates at the New Hanover County home were not receiving “kind” treatment was launched yesterday when the county commissioners interrogat ed both officials and inmates of the institution for approximately three hours. Headed by Addison Hewlett, chairman, the entire board includ ing L. J. Coleman, H. R. Gard ner, J. M. Hall, and George W. Trask visited the county home where the probe was carried on in one of the offices. The investigation came on the heels of charges by Commissioner Trask at Monday’s regular meet ing of the county ooard that in mates were not being treated kindly or considerately under the administration of C. M. Carter as superintendent and his wife, Mrs. Carter, as matron. Mr. Carter Testifies First to be called before the ccmmissioners were the Carters, who prevailed upon the investigat ng committee to read the reports of the North Carolina State Board of Public Welfare for the past three years, two of which, 1944 and 1945, were not concerned with the Carters’ stewardship as S. J. Long was superintendant during tfegt period. “The Carter* are a young, in telligent couple and showed a gen uine interest in the inmates and home in general,” the report dated July 11, 1946 stated in part. This along with the other two re ports were read by Thomas K. Woody, clerk of the county com missioners. Carter then called upon his wife to recount the incident with an in mate, J. L. Buie, that lead to Commissioner Trask’s original charges last Monday. Mrs. Carter Testifies She stated that while accompa nied oy Mrs. Katherine Smith, who has been head nurse at the home for the past three weeks, she saw Buie throw a piece of paper on the porch. When told to pick it up, he demonstrated a de fiant attitude. “It was not a large piece of paper, but it was his attitude,” Mrs. Carter stated. “I locked his room door and then he went to Mr. Trask,” she continued. Mrs. Carter reiterated her state ment made earlier to Trask that unless she were allowed to disci pline the inmates, she would leave. Upon direct question as to whether she harbored any malice toward any of the inmates, asked by Commissioner Coleman, Mrs. Carter gave a firm and quick an swer: “I do not!” Both Carter and hi* wife con tended that there were six or sev en inmates at the homes which they would class as malcontents. A: this group has done every thing in their power to antag onize both the superintendent and the matron and to disparage their administration of the county home, Carter claimed. Under questioning Carter said that the system of allowing in mates to come to town had result ed in a few of the male inmates purchasing and using alcoholic beverages. Nurse Testimony After the Carters had been ask ed to leave the room, Mrs. Smith, the head nurse was called in. She repeated the happenings of the Buie affair and added that she did not like inmates “making cracks’’ at the Carters. Taking off her black sweater, which she wore over her white uniform, Mrs. Smith showed the commissioners several black and blue marks on her left arm which she said were the result of being hit by the more unruly male in mates. "I’ve been in the Marine corps and I’m going to give orders. I expect them to be followed,” she said while stressing her efforts to impress upon the inmates the need for cleanliness at the home. Before closing her testimony, (Continued on Pag* Two, C*L >); VI " ' - - *• -■ ---I Chicago Mayor --- martin H. Kennedy, 59-year-old Democratic candidate, above, is Chicago’s new Mayor. He defeated his Republican opponent, Russell \V. Root, in Tuesday’s election. Some observers read in the out come a sign that the nation was swinging toward the Democratic column after last fall’s Republican victories. NEW MAYOR GETS READY FOR WORK Martin Kennell, Victor In Chicago Race, Postpones Vacation Plans CHICAGO, April 2 —(TP)—Mayor Elect Martin H. Kennelly went right to work today, postponing a contemplated vacation trip in or der to familiarize himself wiih the makeup of the new city council. One of the first duties for Ken nelly, who will succeed Mayor Ed ward J. Kelly April 15, will be to name the standing commutes of the new council. Kennelly, a Democrat, was elected yesterday in a record out pouring of votes for a Chicago mayoral election. He defeated Ruasell W. Root, the Republican candidate, 919,. 593 to 646,239 Kelly, who did not seek reelec tion, supported Kennelly. Postpones Trip In postponing a planned vaca • tion trip to Tennessee to acquaint himself with city hall details, Chicago’s new businessman - mayor said that this was what any businessman would do before deciding on any possible chances. Although some of the alder manic races were so close thal the official canvass might alter the final outcome, the Republicans elected 17 members to 33 for the Democrats on the basts of com plete unofficial returns. This was the same number of seats the Republicans had in 1931 and gave the party a strategic position it has not held since that time. The minority bloc now has the strength to block suspension of rules for quick passage of legis lation without committee consider ation^ Kennelly’s vote topped the win ning Democratic ticket which in cluded Ludwig D. Schreiber for city clerk and Joseph T. Baran for city treasurer. ROAFWEiGHTS TO BE REGULATED Brunswick May Determine Types Of Traffic On County Roads RALEIGH, April 2 —The board of county commissioner^ ol Brunswick county has authorized to make rules and regulations with respect to weight or charac ter of vehicles permitted to travel over public roads or cartways which are not under the super vision and control of the state highway and public works com - mission, under provisions of a bill introduced Tuesday by Senator Rudolph Mintz of Brunswick coun ty. The board may confer with the district highway engineer in order to obtain information or advice with respect to determining pro ■ per regulations to be made. These regulations must be adopted by resolutions of the boards and weight or other limita tions prescribed must be posted at the courthouse and at appropriate plays along the public roads and cartways to which regulations a dopted apply. If anyone makes use of a pub lic road or cartway contrary to any regulations adopted and post ed, an aggrieved person served by the road or cartway may bring action to restrain further use of the road or cartway- in violation of the regulations. Any court in granting such re straining order shall prohibit fur ther use of the road or cartway by the defendant unless he fur - nishes a bond conditioned upon placing the. road in as good condi tion and leaving it in as good con dition as the road or cartway was at the defendant made improper use of it. The board of commissioners shall determine whether or not the condition k adequately oo»plkd with. U.N. Security Council Puts Okay On Plan Three Pacific Chains In volved In Agreement Voted At Session RUSSIA IN ACCORD Saipan, Tinian, Truk, Eni wetok, Kwajalein, Ma juro Go To U. S. LAKE SUCCESS, N. Y„ April 2—(U.R)—The United Nations Se curity council approved tonight, after sharp debate between the United States and Soviet Russia, an agreement giving the United States sole trusteeship over the vital strategic areas of three Pa cific island chains wrested from the Japanese. Andrei A. Gromyko, Soviet del egate, voted with the other ten members of the council on the final tally. He had abstained on a critical vote on an American amendment giving the Security council and the United States the right to change or discontinue the amend ment. Gromyko, whose government had announced its support of the American trusteeship proposal in February, fought hard to write in a provision that the Security council alone could discontinue the agreement. Warren R. Austin, United States delegate who had waged just aa hard a fight for the agreement, said afterwards that “this is a demonstration that the United Na tions does work.” UNION DEMAND UNJUSTIFIED ’Phone Company Manager Says Wage Rates Up 75 Per Cent The contention that present wage scale demands on the part of Southern Bell Telephone em ployes are not justified was sound ed yesterday in a statement re leased by O. S. Bain, company group manager here. Bain’s statement pointed out that telephone wage rates have In creased 75 per cent since January, 1941, and that last year, and in 1945 the wage rate increases granted by the company added approximately $26,000,000 to the annual pay of firm employe*. “Good wages for good workers and good service are in the public interest and the telephone com pany believes in paying good wages,” the statement said. “It believes that the wages paid its employes should compare fa • vorably with those paid by other concerns in the community for work requiring similar skill and training,” Bain’s statement con tinued. “On a company-wide basis the union’s demands amounts to an average weekly increase in basic wage rates of about $18 per em ploye. Bain said that the company had offered the union a year’s renewal of the present contract, with the right to reopen the matter of wages at a time when changes In conditions may justify. He said that wages paid by the Southern Bell co. at the present for a 40 hour week are, for opera tors, $26, to $37 and for installer repairmen, $27 to $60. This scale Bain contrasted with union de mands for wages for operators hi $40 to $51 and f°r installer-repair men $43 to $81. He concluded by saying that wages that are too low are not fair to the employes who do the work and that too-high wages are not fair to the public who pay for the telephone service. And So To Bed Boys will be boys . . • • . Monday afternoon wet grounds forced the local baseball team to move from the playing field at Legion Stadium. So they re tired to the parking lot behind the stadium. Just a few hundred feet away a carnival was in full swing. The manager noticed that moat of the batters were hitting to right field, long hard drivea and the ball would roll under the carnival fence. After watching this for eev eral minutes the manager be gan to investigate. Just Inside the inclosure was a large tent with the familiar sign “Girl” over the marquee. The players, with the aid of the batting practice pitcher had seen the sign much earlier. You guessed it . . There were no girls, the ehoi^wee