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Warning Star North Carolina a Oldeat Dally Newspapei Published Daily Except Sunday K. B Page. Publisher Telephone All Departments 2-3311 Entered at Second Clasa Mattel at WUming ton. N. C.. PoatoHice Under Aci at Congress ol March ». 1878 SUBSCRIPTION KATES BY CARRIER IN NEW HANOVER COUNTY Payable Weekly *r in Advance Combi Tune Star Newt nation 1 Weak_8 30 C 26 8 -30 1 Month.. 1.30 1.10 2.25 > Montha _ 8.80 3.26 8.30 I Months _ 7.80 8.50 13.00 1 Year .. .. .. .. 15.80 13.00 26.00 (Above rates entitle subscriber to Sunday issue ol Star News! SINGLE COPY Wilmington News __...— — 8c Morning Star .. —--—-fc Sunday Star-Mews ______ 10c By Mail: Payable Strictly in Advance 1 Montha . 8 2.50 I 2.00 8 3.86 8‘Month* . ..... 6.00 4.00 7.70 1 Year ... .10. JO 8.00 13.40 (Above ralet entitle subscribe! to Sunday issues ol Star-News WILMINGTON STAR (Daily Without Sanday) 3 Months—>1.85 e Monthe-C83.70 1 Year—$7.40 When remitting by mail plerae use check or U. S. P. O. money order. The Star-News esm not be responsible for currency sent through the malls.^ MEMBER Of THE ASSOCIATED PRESS AND ALSO SERVED BY THE UNITED PRESS Star Program State porta with Wilmington favored in proportion with its resources, to in clude public terminals, tobacco storage warehouses, ship repair facilities, near by sites for heavy industry and 35-foot Cape Fear river channel. City auditorium large enough to meet needs for years to come. Development of Southeastern North Carolina agricultural and industrial re sources through better markets and food processing, pulp wood production and factories. Emphasis on the region’s recreation idvantages and improvement of resort accommodations. Improvement of Southeastern North Carolina’s farm-to-market and primary roads, with a paved highway from Top ■ail inlet to Bald Head island. Continued effort through the City's In dustrial Agency to attract more in lustries. Proper utilization of Bluethenthal air jort for expanding air service. Development of Southeastern North Carolina’s health facilities, especially in counties lacking hospitals, and includ ing a Negro Health center Encouragement of the growth of com mercial fishing. Consolidation of City and County governments. MONDAY, APRIL 14, 19«7 GOOD MORNING Happy are the families where the gov ■ mment of parents, Is the reign of af fection and obedience of the children the submission of love. Two Carolinas Recognized For the second time Doctor Taylor Cole, associate professor of political science at Duke University, is award ed a Fellowship by the Guggenheim Foundation. The announcement is made today in an official bulletin issued by the Foundation. Doctor Cole’s present award is for studies of the effects of the wartime social, economic and political changes on the public personnel of Canada. Although a Texan by birth, Doctor Cole is closely associated with North Carolina affairs. His degree is from Harvard. He studied also at the Uni versities of Munich and Heidelberg on a Fellowship of the Germanistic So ciety o* America. He began teaching in 1927. Besides Duke, he has taught at Louisiana and Harvard Universi ties. At the start of the war he en tered the Military Intelligence Service, and later went to Stockholm as an at tache of the Amereican Legation. Another Carolinian to receive the Guggenheim Fellowship Award is Alexander Sprunt, Jr., southern repre sentative of the National Audubon So ciety, with headquarters at Charles ton. His project is a book on the bird life of South Carolina as a refer ence work for professional and amateur students. Mr. Sprunt, born at Rock Hill, S. C., received his education at Davidson College and the College of Charleston. He has studied at the National Museum in Washington and the American Museum of Natural History in New York. In 1924 he joined the staff of the Charleston Museum and took charge of the bird department. Later he was engaged for special field re search for the National Audubon So ciety in coastal Louisiana, and in 1935 became supervisor of Southern Sanc tuaries, including some nineteen areas from Charleston to Brownsville. He is author of “Dwellers of the Silences’’ and many articles in ornithological publications. The Carolinas have reason to be grateful that two of their distinguish ed citizens have been recognized by the Guggenheim Fellowship Founda tion. Dangerous Duds David R. Craig, director of research for the American Retail Federation, recently testified before the House Committee, on Interstate and Foreign Commerce on the problem of excessive ly inflammable wearing apparel and decorative plastic ornaments. This is a problem—and a serious one—which has appeared in recent years, as new' types of materials have been developed. Some of these materials, Mr. Craig stated, are a real hazard to the user. It has been urged in many quarters that the states pass laws forbidding the manufacture or sale of dangerous wearing apparel and setting up neces sary definitions and standards. But the grave fault in this is that a state law cannot go beyond the state line. Each state would inevitably establish different criteria and provisions. The answer lies in Congressional action. Labor Bills Congress is making a brave show of settling down to corrective labor legislation. In the House the Labor Committee has drawn up a new draft of its bill and hopes to get it to the floor this w’eek. Broadly, it provides: 1. A ban on the closed shop. 2. Restrictions on industry-wide bargaining. 3. Permanent authority for the Federal Government to halt by court action any strike that interferes with interstate commerce and threatens the public health and safety In the Senate, Senator Taft, chair man of the Labor Committee and the Republican Policy Committee, has a separate bill so interwoven with technicalities that not even a Philadel phia lawyer could interpret it accurate ly. Certain emergency provisions are: • 1. Authorize the Attorney Genera] to seek—and the Federal courts to is sue—injunctions halting strikes or lock outs which threaten the national health or safety. But first, the At torney Genera] would be required to name a fact-finding board and receive its report of the “facts”—with no recommendation—before he could ask an injunction. 2. Require the disputing parties to “make every effort” to settle their differences before a new Federal Media tion Service proposed in the measure, though neither party would be under compulsion to accept any settlement plan offered by the mediators. 3. Require the Mediation director to report to the President at the end of 60 days if no settlement had been reached. Then, the National Labor Re lations Board would take a secret ballot of the employes of each employer in volved on the question of whether they wish to accept the final offer made by their employer. 4. Direct the N.L.R.B. to certify re sults of the election to the President. Upon this certification, or settlement of the dispute— whichever is earlier —the court would be required to dis miss the injunction. 5. Direct the President—if all these efforts to settle the dispute failed—to report to Congress and leave further action up to that legislative body. The regular provisions would have a set of unfair labor practices for unions; they would outlaw jurisdic tional strikes, secondary boycotts, strikes in violation of work contracts and the chetk-off system under cer tain conditions, subject unions to breach of contract damage suits, ban union shops unless at least half the employes in each unit vote for it by secret ballot, exclude foremen and other supervisory workers from the definition of “worker” under the Wagner Act, guarantee employers free speech in their dealing with workers so long as employers made no threat of economic reprisals, require unions to register with the Department of Labor and make regular financial reports, regulate industry contributions to union health and welfare funds. Desirable as most of these things are, in the interest of production and the national welfare, it is not difficult to see what wrangling would start the moment almost any one of them came under fire during labor-employer disputes. And this is what draws attention to the fact that in addition to heading the Senate Labor Committee Senator Taft also heads the G. 0. P. Policy Commit tee. It gives the bill he has prepared a definite political tinge. One columnist at least considers the bill has been drafted with the purpose of inviting a presidential veto. In his Washington dispatch of Satur day, Marquis Childs writes: “You do not have to look very hard to see the politics behind Taft’s maneuver. If the catch-all bill goes to the White House, President Truman can be expected to veto it. It will contain prohibitions that go much further than he cares to go. It is highly doubtful if there would 'be sufficient votes to pass the catch -all bill over a veto. “Under such a course, the strong likelihood is that no labor legislation will come out of this Congress. Re publicans will be able to put the blame on Mr. Truman. They can argue in the 1948 campaign that the only way to get adequate labor legislation is to put j a republican President in the White House to work with a republican Con gress. You can hear the political ora tors go to town on that argument.” This confirms the opinion already widely held that despite whatever the republicans promised to do to correct labor evils during last fall’s campaign the chances are a hundred to one the present Congress will not destroy the whip a few labor leaders hold over the nation. Next year’s presidential election, in the estimation of such men as Senator Taft, outweighs the perils the United States faces through continuation of union labor leaders’ monopoly. The Unproved Case BY W. H. CHAMBERLAIN It is remarkable how many unproved and unprovable assertions come to be be lieved as a result of frequent repetition with out examination. The individualist economic system is often hung on evidence that would not convic* the proverbial dog in a court of law. The trend toward collectivism is as sumcjj to be at once irresistable and bene ficial. and we are advised to ally ourselves with this trend on pain of being swept away by the predestined tide of history. It is taken for granted, without any sup porting evidence, in ■ some circles that a system based on individual enterprise, effort and incentives is backward and inefficiei , that collectivism is the wave of the future. But there are some stubborn and indis putable facts which simply do not square with this theory. Take, for example, the huge American subsidization of the war effort of the powers with which we were associated, especially Great Britain and Russia. Lend-1 e a s e to Britain (against which there was reverse lend-lease of about ten per cent) ran to over $40 billion. Aid to Russia (for which there was no reverse lend-lease whatever) ran to about $11 billion. Granting that America was not subject to bombing, not in the front line trenches industrially, is there any coun try in the world, especially any country en joying the supposed benefits of a collectivism economy, that was capable of a comparable productive effort? More significant than the spread of col lectivis types of economy under the impetus of war and social upheaval is the failure of collective ecenomics, anywhere in the world, to justify itself by providing a higher stan dard of living for the people who live under it It is now thirty years since the Soviet system, with its all-out nationalization of economic life, was established in Russia. And the Russian people live on a standard so low thSt their government is desperately anxious to prevent them from coming into any contact with the outside world, for fear of the effect on their morale. Here is the principal explanation of the much discussed Soviet iron curtain. There is very general testimony to the effect of the sight of Europe, a shattered, impoverished and bombwrecked Europe, on the minds of the Soviet soldiers who saw it for the first time. Of the million and more stranded refugees in Europe practically all are from the Soviet Union and its satellite states, all of which enjoy the “blessings” of collectivized economies. Even making every reasonable al lowance for the effect of the war on the So viet standard of living, certain features of So viet economic life, which have nothing to do with the war, stamp it as permanently and hopelessly inferior to the American. Any one who has ever seen a Soviet collective farm is struck by the large number of peasant families working on an amount of land that could be cultivated by a single midwestern farm family, with perhaps a single hired man. A Soviet economic rnagagine brought out the point that it took 480 persons at a plant in Kemerovo, in Siberia, to produce as much electricity as a plant of similar ca pacity in South Amboy, New Jersey, turned out with 51. The disproportion is especially striking in office anj paper work. It takes 1,700,000 bookkeepers to check up on the accounts of the cumbersome Soviet eco nomic bureaucracy—a figure certainly un matched in any other country. It is obvious that under any economic system higher in dividual productivity •. the decisive factor in the standard of living. Of the East European countries which have gone in for extensive nationalization Czechoslovakia had the highest standards of pre-war education and industrial efficiency. A recent report of the Foreign Policy Asso ciation on its socialist experiment comes to the following conclusion: “Production has also apparently suffered from lack of competition under the new eco nomic system. In an effort to devise sub stitutes for the kind of stimulation which competition provided under private enterprise the government has held numerous output matches, with appropriate prizes.. None of these matches seems to have increased over all production rates, however, and news papers and political parties alike continue to exhort th% workers to greater production.’’ This same method of exhortation, with no visible results, has been a mainstay of the Labor Government in England. It would be unfair to hold the Labor Government re sponsible for the impoverishing effect of the war. But it would be quite fair to suggest especially in the light of what has happened in England in the last months, that certain aspects of labor administration have not been of much help, to put it mildly, in solving what would have been in any case difficult problems of reconstruction. Among such as pects one may include a mass of confusing and sometimes conflicting controls, a “devil take the foremost’’ attitude toward private initiative, a preoccupation with blueprints of future nationalization at the expense of atten tion to pressing immediate production prob lems. It is not accidental coincidence that countries in Europe which worry least about elaborate future planning, like Belgium and Switzerland, make the most prosperous im pression, that Italian recovery has been achieve^ in spite of, rather than because of government regulations. The trump card of the collectivists is America’s liability to depression. Some leftwing comment in England and Europe gives a curiously mixed impression of half hoping for an American depression, to vin dicate the vulnerability of an individualist system, and half fearing it, because then there may be no more American loans to shore up tottering collectivist economies. It is worth remembering, however, that America, even in times of depression, turns out more per capita goods than most coun tries in normal t:mes. An American worker on relief gets a more varied and nutritious diet than a Russian worker or THE WINDBREAK 1 he Book Of Knowledge HAWAII — CANDIDATE FOR STATEHOOD (Editor’s Note: — The Unit ed States Congress is now con sidering the question of admit ting the Territory of Hawaii to the Federal Union as the 49th state.) The Hawaiian Islands (common ly called Hawaii, the name of the largest island) were annexed to the United States at the request of the inhabitants in July, 1893. Nine are inhabited, and there are eleven smaller islands on which no people live. All the islands taken together are not large. They are larger than the state of Connecticut but not so large as Massachusetts. As we have said, the largest is Hawaii, but Oahu, which contains Honolulu, the chief city, has more people. Honolulu itself had about 200,000 inhabitants in 1941. The es timated population of the whole territory in 1945 was over 500,000. These' islands were made, the geologists tell us, by volcanoes which pushed up from the sea bottom and poured out their lava. This crumbling lava makes a rich soil, and since there is much rain, everything grows as if touched by magic. Some of the volcanoes are not Religion Day By Day BX WILLIAM X. ELLIS DIGGING IN JERUSALEM Despite all the political un rest in Palestine, the scholars con tinue their archaeological work; and notable "finds” have been made, especially in Trans-Jordan. Now, according to Time, it has been finally proven that the cen tra; shrine of Christiandom, the Church of Holy Sepulchre, to which millions have made pilgrimage and possession of which the Crusades were fought, is not the genuine site of the Crucifixion and Resur rection of Jesus. For ages controversy has raged over this point. It all depends on the location of the city wall in the days of Jesus. Custom and Scrip ture agree that Jesus was crusi fied outside the city wall. The major contention has been that the present site, believed in and oc cupied jointly by all pre-Reforma tion churches, was formerly out side the line of the present walls. But this Time article declares that it has been actually proved that the present wall is practically identical with Herod’s wall, and so the most sacred spot on earth is a blunder, and the true aite of Calvary is unknown. If I were not somewhat familiar with the mistakes of archaeolo gists, and their rival zeals. I would be shaken by this report. For I have excavated sections of the old wall which seem to support the traditional position. Let us wait and see. Meanwhile let it be borne in mind that the Resurrection Mes sage is, “He is not here; He is risen.’’ As no tomb could contain Jesus, so no shrine or monument or relic can fully express the Gos. pel of the risen Lord. We worship a living Christ. O God, and not the trappings of an earthly sepulchre. Save us from all superstitious regard for sites. Amen. a Balkan peasant. There is every reason to try to prevent depres sion or to mitigate one, if it de velops, by all reasonable means. There is no reason to assume, as is sometimes done rather hys terically, that a depression would or should spell doom for the American way of life. No one in his right mind would buy a new car, refrigerator or washing machine on the basis of the kind of showing that dbllec tivist economies have made, wherever they have been tried, up to the present time,—Wall Street J ournal. Diamond Head, crater of an extinct volcano, as seen from Waikiki Beach, famed Hawaiian playground. cead. Kilauea, on the island of Hawaii, is the largest active vol cano in the world. The crater is about 9 miles around, and in the center is a great lake of melted lava which rises and fails as wa ter in a reservoir. At night this red-hot, quivering mass is one of the most wonderful sights to be seen anywhere. These islands had been discover ed by Spanish navigators before the year 1550, but little notice was taken of them until Capt. James Cook, the famous British explor er, visited them in 1778. He call ed them the Sandwich Islands ;n McKENNEY On Bridge Whitebrook AKQ984 V A4 ♦ 10 5 3 A AQ7 A A J 7 3 ---1 A 10 5 2 • WN F V 85 32 VJ WE 4 8 762 ♦ Q 9 4 S A K 9 4 AJ8 52 Dealer Kahn * A6 VKQ 10976 ♦ AK J A 1063 Tournament—Both vuL Sooth Wps* North East IV 1A Double Pass Opening—V A 14 By WILLIAM E. McKENNEY America’s Card Authority Written for NEA Service Winning of the Eastern States c£>en pair championship places the names of Richard Kahn of New York and Charles Whitebrook of New Rochelle, N. Y., on the Goldman Cup, awarded to winnersi of this outstanding pair title. This cup has been in play since 1929, and the only two people who have been able to get their name on it twice are Oswald Jacoby and! Richard Frey. Whitebrook and Kahn set their opponents 1100 points on today’s hand. East and West could have saved a trick, but they still would have had a loss of 800 for an equally bad score. West got caught with the weak vulnerable overcall. When White brook (North) doubled, he thought that he might be giving up a slam, but he felt sure that he and his partner could set West more than the. value of a slam. When the opening lead held, Whitebrook continued with the four of hearts, which West trump ed. West led a small spade to ward dummy’s ten, but Whitebrook won with the queen and immediate ly led the king of spades. West won this with the ace, led a small club, Whitebrook nlayed the seven, dum my the nine. This is where declarer could have saved himself 300 points, had he gone up v/ith the king of clubs. South won the (rick with the ten of clubs and led back the king of hearts. West trumped with the seven sf spades. North over trumped with the eight and led back the nino of spades. West won with the jack and led another club. but'Norfh w< nt in with the ace and that was the end of the story for West. He had taken three trump tricks and a loss of 1100 point*. honor of the Earl of Sandwich. On his secon« visit, he quarreled with the natives, who killed him. An other British explorer, George Vancouver, who also explored British Columbia, brought some cattle to the islands a few years later, and taught the people how to build boats. American missionaries went to the islands in 1820, and soon the leading natives, who belong to the brown race, called themselves Christians, though many of the people still followed their heathen gods. The old royal family died out, and Kalakaua was elected king in 1874. He was a very bad ruler, and tried to take away the liber ties of the people. On his death, in 1891, his sister Liliuokalani tried to follow in his footsteps. By this time there were many white people on the islands. They put the Queen off the throne in 1893, declared themselves under the protection of the United States and asked to be joined to that country. This was not allowed at the time, but they governed them selves as a republic. At last, in 1898, the islands were joined to the United States and are now gov erned as a territory. They have a delegate in Congress who may speak but has no vote. In 1940, the people voted ir fa vor of changing from a territory to a state. A bill to bring this about is now before Congress. Since the islands were annexed, their wealth has increased. The principal crops are sugar cane and pineapples. Rice, coffee, hemp, tobacco and bananas also are grown for export. The population is very much mixed. Aside from the white popu lation, which has been increasing, there are those of Hawaiian and part-Hawaiian blood, those of Jap anese ancestry, and also Chinese, Filipinos and Koreans. The whites are of many nationalities, but there are more of American birth or descent than of any other. Peo ple born on the islands, regard DUDE MINE PAYS ' < WHEN ORE FAILS * By RICHARD K. O’MALLEY EMPIRE. Colo. —Ir. the cra„ mountain country near s Colorado mining town a 6o-ve 7 E old woman is taking doUa-= ' - - -* jit. » mine .that failed. She is Mrs. Mary C Da" - widow who came to C * ^CLo 'i years ago for her r.ea' - Sr.n stayed on because 'I • near a mine, I like the cour-- ! and nobody can tell me rr.ovf’' Besides, she's making a ;.v.n, .... of her mine, the "Omaha. ’ s.7 has a home in what was the n office. In 1835. following an accider in her native Nebraska, she ca~. to Colorado to recuperate. Mini-* men were busy buying a.id ing mine properties, and Mt, Dolphin became owner oi a iesj mine. "I couldn't work it myself,1' s-. explained, "so I leased it cut. none of the men seemed to 5"e able to make a go of it. Seve-5 outfits leased the Omaha, but none of them made rnone; /’ She was left with a long hole in the ground, tiny stalactites hanging from the tunnel ceiling and no mine income. “I took some ore down to at assayer and he put infra-red ravj on it. The ore showeo up in beau tiful colors and 1 got the idea alout tourists,” she continued. So Mrs. Dolphin cleaned up -.he mine, hung a sign in Empire art) waited for the dudes to show us They did.. and the former Omaha woman began to collect an in come from admission fees To add 'interest, she hands out small ore samples. To date she has no "black light” in the Omaha, but expects to one day for she feels ore in color would "make their eyes stick out.” Her biggest trial, and amuse ment, are questions asked by naive tourists. They range front, ‘‘What do they use lead for?" to ‘‘Do you haul out the ore by mule back?” Other tourists frequently ask her to show them gold nuggets, a ques tion which irritates her. ‘‘They seem to forget if I could pick up nuggets I wouldn’t be leading them around,” she says, A few tourists mistake copper veins for gold. ‘‘Some of them try to pick it out with their fingernails.” she laughed, “and you should see their faces when it's no use." Residents of 23 states visited the Omaha last summer and Mrs, Dolphin expects more this year. She hopes so, for she likes to spend early spring in Florida to watch major league baseball clubs in training. "I’ve got a mine, but my best keepsake is an autographed base ball from the Giants.” she smiled, ‘‘Mel Ort and everybody signed lit.” ---- Literary Guidepost By W. G. ROGERS THE UNWELCOME CORPSE, by Barbara Frost (Coward-McCann; S2.50). , Electricians, building superin tendents. reporters, painters, po licemen, a writer, a few loveri, an art show, a tiger, a library book, salt water, sketch paper, a card game . . . these are some of the hunters, the hunted and the exhibits in this murder mys tery. It seems to me to generate a lot of gooseflesh. and the book should be as welcome as the corpse is not. Reading time: broad daylight. Star Dust Drunk Story A young man, having imbibed too freely, draped himself around a lamp post when a priest walked up to him. Said the priest, "Young man, what do you mean by being in such a condition? What on earth have you been drinking?" To which the youth replied, "Three Fathers, feather." —Western Euildinf less of ancestry, are American citizens. (Copyright, 1946. by the Grolrer Society, Inc., based upon The Book of Knowledge.) (Distributed by United Feature Syndicate, Inc.) TOMORROW: — How the Earthl Crust was formed. _ WHY WE SAY by STAN J. COLLINS tu SLAW50N Ixllw. / ^>'AMBmoy^7; ■ V4 f-r= This word was derived from the Latin ambitio meaning “to go around”. In the days of the Rdmans it was custom ary for a candidate for election to go around from house to house canvass ing votes. He was said to be ambitious for office.