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Horning £>tar North Carolina s Oldest Daily Newspaper Published Daily Except Sunday K B Page. Publisher _ Telephone-Ail Departments 2-1311. Entered as Second Class Mattel at Wilming ton, N. C.. Postotfice Undei Act ol Congress ol March I. 1878. __ SUBSCRIPTION RATES BY CARRIER IN NEW HANOVER COUNTY Payable Weekly or in Advance Combi Time Star News nation 1 Week_I 30 C -25 $ .50 1 Month ._. 1-30 1.10 2.25 S Months _ 8-80 3.25 0.50 8 Months__ 7.80 * 50 13.00 1 Year .. 15. *0 13.00 26.00 (Above rates entitle subscriber to Sunday issue of Star-News) __ SINGLE COPY Wilmington News ...-- *c Morning Ster .. -- 8c Sunday Star-News_........-—- 10c By Mail; Payable Stri’.tly in Advance 2 Months..$ 2.:<0 *2.00 *3.85 8 Months _. 5.00 4.00 7.70 l Year . 10.00 8.00 15.40 (Above rate;, entitle subscriber to Sunday issues ol Star-News WILMINGTON STAR (Daily Without Sunday) * Months—*1.65 8 Month#—*3.70 1 Year—*7.40 When remitting by mail please use check or U. S. P. O. money order. The Star-News can not be responsible for currency sent through the mails.* MEMBER Of THE ASSOCIATED PRESS AND ALSO SERVED BY THE UNITED PRESS Star Program State ports with Wilmington favored in proportion with its resources, to in clude public terminals, tobacco storage warehouses, ship repair facilities, near by sites for heavy industry and 35-foot Cape Fear river channel. City auditorium large enough to meet needs for years to come. Development of Southeastern North Carolina agricultural and Industrial re sources through better markets and food processing, pulp wood production and factories. Emphasis on the region’s recreation advantages and improvement of resort accommodations. Improvement of Southeastern North Carolina’s farm-to-market and primary roads, with a paved highway from Top sail inlet to Bald Head island. Continued effort through the City’s In dustrial Agency to attract more in dustries. Proper "hlization of Bluethenthal air port for expanding air service. Development of Southeastern North Carolina’s health facilities, especially in counties lacking hospitals, and includ ing a Negro Health center> Encouragement of the growth of com mercial fishing. Consolidation of City and County governments. _ FRIDAY, APRIL 18, 1947 GOOD MORNING Being a woman is a terribly difficult task, Since it consists principally In dealing with men.—Joseph Conrad. River Dredging Starts Wilmington has had no better news in many a long day than that the Cape Fear river channel dredging project, which has been so greatly needed and so long postponed, is actually under way. When the job is finished the river will be navigable by the average size cargo-carrying ships. Inevitably the thirty-two-foot chan nel will make Wilmington a regular port of call for more and more ships. It is the first step toward raising this port to a truly competitive place among South Atlantic ports. The next and equally vital step is the creation of terminals, warehouses and other facilities indispensible in the successful operation of a port, as pro posed by the State Ports Authority. With such a physicial plant as the Au thority contemplates, Wilmington may confidently count on a volume of com merce favorably comparable with ports to the north and the south. In the creation of an adequate port plant there will be benefits not only for the state’s great industries, for the receipt of raw materials from aboard and the shipping of North Carolina products to the world’s markets. There will also be benefits for every business and busy individual in the city, from the largest corporation to the individual longshoreman. It is known that additional indus tries await only the establishment of an adequate port plant to move to Wil mington. If, in addition, it is possible to open direct rail communication to the west, it is certain that even more industries will make Wilmington their base of operations and tonnage through the port reach greater volume. Surely the community can unite in no greater undertaking than the full development of the port along the lines approved by the Authority. Debunking Quackery Why do bull fighters wave red cloth before the bulls they propose to slaugh ter? As everybody knows, it is to make the bulls mad enough to fight. But is 4;his correct? According to Dr. Earle E. Emme, associate professor of psychology at Ohio State University, red is not nearly as effective as white lor making bulls bullish. He waved banners of different colors before cows and a bulk and decided what disturbs the cattle is the intensity of reflected light—not color. This is not all Doctor Emme does to knock quacking into a cocked hat. He sent three pupils, for example, to a for tune teller. While one was being told his past and future the other two took down what the seer had to say in short hand. They were behind a curtain, but could hear quite well. Only three of the fortune teller’s guesses were right. The estimable doctor is engaged in debunking quackery in general. “I have discovered,” he says, “no evidence to uphold any of the six most popular forms of quackery—astrology, phren ology, physiognomy, rod divining, for tune telling and the belief that red angers cattle.” That’s the way life is. We no sooner find solace in some superstition than somebody comes along to take our joy away. We’ll never have the satisfac tion again of making a wish on a wish bone and thinking that by some strange means it will come true. We’ll never pick up a pin again, especially if the point is toward us, with the old satis faction we took in the idea that we’d escape harm thereafter. We’ll never pass a lamp post on the same side as our companion with the hope we once had that misfortune would pass us by. Of course science is wonderful. But Doctor Emme ought at least to leave us our faith in four-leaf clovers. Prompt Action Would Help While Henniker ditch drainage is a Carolina Beach, and not a county wide, undertaking, all New Hanover countians can join with residents of the resort in thankfuliness that after so long a time the Board of County Com missioners is to perform its part in the project. At the same time all county residents will regret that it took a miniature flood during the recent un lamented rains, and stiff protest from a beach delegation, to bring the ques tion to a head. The Board would have saved itself annoyance and justifiable criticism if it had completed the project promptly, in as much as the Carolina Beach people, by private subscription, raised a fund for a considerable part of the work. This at least is the opinion of the subscribing group. It is also in line with the general view that county projects calling for prompt board ac tion often are delayed, to the disad vantage of the people and embarrass ment of the board. It may well be that conditions over which the commissioners have no con trol sometimes make it impossible to speed up undertakings—conditions the people may not understand but which they are quick to seize on to condemn the county’s governing body. This was the case, for example, at the Legion Stadium, where new wood seat tops were needed for some years, but for which satisfactory lumber could not be obtained. Even here there was a delay, as the old seats had splintered before the war, when lumber was< available. The public complaint would not have been heard if the commission had made this replacement when it acquired title to the Stadium. The thought is that the county’s business deserves to be conducted with the same promptness characteristic of successful private business, and that procrastination works against the county’s best interests and the people’s well being. The Texas City Disaster Difficult as it is to make accurate count of the Texas City blast victims, it must be a hard heart indeed that is indifferent to word that early estimates of the toll of human lives are probably exaggerated. But the final count, whatever it may be, does not lessen the fact that the Texas port commu nity has suffered one of the country’s worst disasters. The little city itself is all but oblit erated. Its nearby, and even some dis tant, industrial plants and oil concentra tion centers are wiped out or grievous ly damaged, with dead still undiscover ed in the debris. It is customary to designate certain types of catastrophes as “acts of God." This probably will be given the same classification. But the matter is not to be so easily dismissed. There must be searching investigation of what caused the fire aboard the nitrate-laden ship. The Grand Camp, moored at « Texas City dock. It would be foolish to blame the Almighty for what obviously was some body’s carelessness. Fires do not start themselves. Explosions do not happen of their own accord. They are the re sult of a combination of chemical ele ments. Even so-called spontaneous combustion is due to chemical combina tions, and never happens when these combinations are avoided. Something happened on the ship that could have been prevented. This is what makes the disaster so horri fying. This is what makes it indispen sible that the cause of the fire be dis covered, if possible. Not that any in quiry can restore the life of a single victim or replace a dollar of the many millions of dollars in property loss. The benefit would lodge in the institution of stiffer security regulation on ships carrying highly inflammable chemicals as well as in industrial plants where the flash of a match alone or concus sion might cause an explosion. The United States cannot afford another Texas City shambles. Freedom Of Press Ey ANNE O’HARE McCORMICK Prime Minister Stalin has now added his quota to the current discussion of freedom of the press. His answers to the questions of former Governor Stassen are characterized by a frankness and geniality that distinguish the interviews of the Soviet leader from those of Mr. Molotov or other official spokesmen of the Government. Every statesman who has dealt directly with Stalin, from Mr. Roose velt down, tells the same story; they used to say, in the words of one top-level American negotiator: “The only way to get anywhere with Moscow is to talk to the boss.” In recent months, however, this view has changed. Mo lotov is now credited with wielding great au thority in the Politburo and deciding most questions of foreign policy. These opinions, of course, are only guesses. Nobody except the members of the inner circle knows who decides what in the Kremlin or how responsibility is distributed among the thirteen men who exercise the greatest and most unlimited power in the world. It is this mystery that gives point to Stalin’s com ments on the press. It is interesting that Molotov was present during the conversa tion with Stassen and evidently agreed with his chief’s rather engagingly candid statement that “it will be difficult in' our country to dis pense with censorship. Molotov tried to do it several times,” the Marshal added. “We had to resume it and each time we repented it.” He cited two illustrations of abuse of press freedom. On one occasion a false story was sent out from the Teheran conference about Marshal Timoshenko, who was reported to have been slapped by Stalin at a dinner at which the Soviet general was not even present. The report was promptly retracted and apolo gized f°r by The United Press. On another occasion, when Stalin spent several months in the Crimea, rumors were published con cerning the reasons for his absence which “de picted the Soviet Government as a sort of zoological garden.” These reports made the Soviet people an gry. Mr. Stalin remarke_, so censorship had to be restored. He did not explain how the people heard of these fabrications, for it is clear that he referred in the interview only to censorship on outgoing news. Aside from the few who have short-wave receiving sets— estimated at less than 200.000 — and can listen in on radio programs from abroad, the Russians hear nothing but what the Govern ment permits them to hear. This is the crux of the whole problem, for while 1he Soviet Government has several times listed the ban on out-going dispatches, and is allowing perfectly free reportage of the Moscow conference, it has apparently never occured to anybody to consider lift ing the government controls over the infor mation filtered out fo the home public. It is taken for granted, as a practice be yond question, that all news for inside con sumption, whether it is domestic or foreign, should be strictly controlled. The official spokesman quoted not long ago as saying that the Soviet press was perfectly free to print anything the Government approved was not speaking humorously, or even cynically. He was vcicing the normal view of dictatorships toward the public. The two examples of irresponsible journ alism mentioned by Stalin are illuminating for several reasons. First, they concern him self. and show a personal sensitiveness to false report that makes one ponder on the ef fects of the immunity of Soviet officials to the misrepresentation and criticism that are the daily goad and spur of officeholders who are voted in and out. Second, they do point up the abuses of free dom. As Mr. Stassen explained, a correspond ent who sends incorrect reports does not last long with any reputable newspaper. There are reporters and publishers who take ad vantage of the freedom .they enjoy to sensa tionalize, distort and slant the news, and they are worse saboteurs of democracy than its avowed enemies because they under mine the foundation on which a free society rests. They furnish excuses for cen sorships, and for those “great lies” imbedded in systems built on the theory that people are too dumb to be trusted with the truth. But the false note and the discords are the price we have to pay to enjoy a chorus of many voices instead of the loudspeaker that incessantly magnifies one voice. Third, they show that Stalin misses the whole point of the argument for freedom ol information. His idea is that a false report, no matter how easily corrected or disproved, as it was in the insignificant cases he re ferred to. is a sufficient reason for shutting all the doors to truth. He cannot see that the very secrecy of the Soviet Government makes it the subject of all kinds of rumors and con jectures that nobody can check. He anj his colleagues in the Politburo are probably bet er informed than any one in Russia, but even they are the prisoners of censorship, of the one-way, selected information their reporters send and their news-sifters print from abroad. More important, he does not understand the great injustice done to Russia itself, and the Russian people, by cutting them off from the world and the world from any true knowledge of them. If there is distortion in the view from both sides of the Iron Curtain, what-is to blame but the Iron Curtain? It is a truism that until American reporters can move about (he Soviet Union as freely as Soviet reporters move about the United States, and report what they see as freely, there can be no real understanding between the two countries — New York Times. QUOTATIONS The Moscow radio indicates that the Russian budget for national defense is some $4,000,000, 000 greater than our own. Clearly a large proportion of that budget is being spent for air power, because Russia does not have a large navy—Sen. Owen Brewster (R) of Maine. The Soviet Union will not dare to attack the United States until it has manufactured the atomic bomb in quantity and has an air force superior to the air force of the United States. That gives us a certain period of time in which w?„caI1 say,?iop Stalin, and mean it, and he will stop.—-William C. Bullitt, former Ambas sador to Russia. We are not without those who today conven iently label as communism anything'they find EMBidenL516 t0 WilUaBl Green, AFL “UNEASY STREET” The Book Of Knowledge AMERICA BEFORE COLUMBUS (7) The Iroquoian Tribes In yesterday’s article, we told you of the Algonkian-speaking In dians of eastern America — two large groups of tribes which were separated by t h e territory occu pied by the group of Iroquoian speaking tribes. Though the life oi the latter in some respects was similar to that of the Algonkians, they had many distinctive cus toms of their own. The Iroquoian tribes lived in “long houses” covered with bark. Several families lived in a house, each family having a fire in the central passage. Life was very public. The children played to and fro around the fires; everyone could see what everyone else was doing. A village consisted of ten or twenty houses, often surrounded by a stockade. The villages were moved from time to time, as the fields around them became ex hausted. Like the Algonkians. the Iroquo ians used wood extensively. In stead of bark for canoes, however, the; hollowed their craft from solid tree trunks, using fire to char the wood, and then chiseling it out with stone adzes. They made baskets of spruce roots and sometimes of birch bark, although sections of split ash wood were more frequently used. The Iroquoians used shell ex tensively for ornament, obtaining large shells in trade and cutting McKENNEY On Bridge By WILLIAM E. McKENNEY America’s Card Authority ♦ AK73 VKQ9853 ♦ 9 Jb 7 3 AQ865 - A 10 4 V A74 VJ1062 ♦Q632 ♦ A 7 *Q10 96 * A5 2 A J92 V None ♦ K J 10 8 5 4 *K J84 Tournament—Neither vui. South , West North East Pass Pass 1V Pass 2 ♦ Pass 2 A Pass 2 N. T. Pass 3 V Pass 3 N. T. Pass Pass Pass Opening—A 5 18 Written for NEA Service Many players tell me that they would be afraid to sit down and play with the experts. I will admit that I would hesitate to get into the ring with a champion fighter, but bridge is an intellectual pas time, and fear of the expert only makes it possible for him to get away with murder. That is what happened on today’s hand. First of all, the bidding was not good. Playing the hand at three no trump with a void can only make for trouble. Declarer allow ed the opening spade lead to ride up to his jack. For want of a better lead, he played the king of diamonds. and was surprised when it held the trick. A small diamond was led and won by West, who returned the deuce of hearts. Declarer played the eight spot from dummy and East won with the ace. East returned the ten of clubs, declarer put on the jack and West won with the ace. The jack of hearts was returned, which de clarer won in dummy with the queen. He cashed the king of hearts and threw West back in the lead with a heart. At this point, if West had led a diamond, East s queen would have won and set the contract, but instead West led a small spade. Declarer won with the nine, cashed the king of clubs, led a small spade over to dummy, and all the hearts were good. The difference between the ex pert and the average player on a hand like this is that the expert never gives up. He keeps right on trying, and takes advantage of every mistake that the opponents mak*. Iroquoian making pottery with “sausages” of clay. Basket maker them into ornamental pieces which were used as pendants. Clam shells were cut into circu 1 a r discs which were strung as beads, or sewn in patterns. This type of worked shell became kr.own as Wampum and was often used as money. To bind treaties between different tribes, it was customary to exchange belts of valuable wampum. Another industry of the Iroquo ians was pottery. It was made by the women, who rolled out “sau sages” of clay and built up ves sel; which were baked in open hearths. Clothing was of skins, generally similar to the dress of the Algon kians. Two or three feathers were worn in the hair for orna ment. The Iroquoians are nest known for their political structure, which was more complicated than that of other tribes. Each village was part of a tribe, and sent repre sentatives to a tribal council. The chiefs were elected, a n d in the choice the women had great in fluence. In what is now New York state, the five nations (Mohawk, Oneida, Onondaga, Seneca and Cayuga) combined into a league, each sending representatives to the Religion Day By Day BY WILLIAM T. ELLIS “What may I do to help save this imperiled world for peace and brotherhood?” That is the unspoken sentiment of people everywhere. All of us have been warned of the dire pos sibilities that lie just over the horizon. We know that our destiny resides “either with one world or no world.” Yet, practically, what may every one of us do about it? Here is one answer, which I find in The Christian Observer. It is an article by an elderly woman, a “retired” Christian worker. She has issued a call to all ministers and missionaries, and to all others whose life work has been in the Gospel, and who are now set aside in inactive roles, to covenant to gether in daily, concerted prayer, for this world in crisis. She sug gests nine o’clock in the morning as a time definitely set apart for this intercession, though the gen eral idea is to “pray without ceas ing.” Today’s cause of peace needs nothing more urgently than a ral lying behind it of spiritual power. What man can’t do, God can do. A great concourse of prayer such as is proposed by this ex-mission ary woman, would be more ef fective than all the cynical wis dom of statesmen. To your knees, soldiers of God. Tis there the great battle may be won. ..So we pour forth our prayers to Thee, O God, in the name of Him Whose coming was attended by a heavenly song of peace. Amen. league council. The strength of the league may be judged by the fact that it lived on after the coming of the whites, and indeed held the balance of power between French and English for some 200 years. The five nations became famous as warriors, spreading fear among other Indians and white settlers alike. They adopted cap tives to replace their braves who fell in battle and thus maintained the traditions of their people. Few people have played as large a part in history with as small num bers; and even to-day the survi ving Iroquoians maintain a shad ow of their national life. Iroquoian religion centered around three sisters, corn, squash and tobacco, supernatural beings who were believed to be responsi ble for these basic crops. Cere monies included crop festivals associated with the changing sea sons. Priests were those who had had particular experiences or who had special knowledge. In the council of the league, moreover, the priests had particular duties to perform; in fact, the league of the Iroquois was partly a religi ous institution. When Columbus discovered America, there were perhaps a million Red men north of Mexico. There are about half that number now, though not all are of pure Indian stock. (Copyright, 1946, By The Gro lier Society Inc., based upon the Eeok of .Knowledge) (Distributed by United Feature Syndicate, Inc.) TOMORROW: — How to Keep a Snapshot Album. Star Dust Campus Reds The action of President Truman in ordering a Red purge in gov ernmental agencies has stirred the Communists to even greater activity, particularly in the col leges throughout the country. A determined drive is under way to enlist students in the Red move inert, and Communist pamphlets and papers are even distributed in classrooms. Why this open recruiting is allowed to continue is something for a college heads .to explain.—Boston Post. Labor Saving Television replaces human eyes in Russian industry, the Soviets claim. They use radio images to guide remote control of pig iron and steel smelting. One engineer, aided by television, can run the whole process of automobile pis ton production, they claim.—Wall Street Journal. The Doctor Says— SKIN CANCER Ton PRICE OF NEGLECI By WILLIAM A. O’BRIex Skin cancer, commonest -nr the disease in man, i, PPM cult to cure in its early ,*5^' Yet 4000 people died of year as the result of indifferP and neglect. eflce , Cancer rarely develops «, normal skm. Skin c 1 are most common in mjddl Cer« advanced life in blond thin ed, blue-eyed persons !rnoSe pation exposes them to sun a'• wind, oil, tar, or arsenic mP the growth occurs, there is s ?or' thickening, irritated r" lump. > 0; Cancer of the skin is suspft whenever a sore does not heal when any type 0f growth occur? In the beginning skin cancer confined to its place of 0rpn ■ls if it is neglected, it may° and cause death. Patients who suspect they hav the disease should not use irrit tive forms of treatment t0 de,t *' the growth before its nature is <J termined. Usually the entj growth or a piece of it is remov ed and examined under the micro' scope. Cancer quacks assure their patients that many skin troubles are cancer without such examini tions and then proceed to destroy the evidence and claim cures. J Skin cancers are treated by stir gical removal or destruction with X-ray or radium. If there is a pos sibility that it may have spread to adjoining lymph nodes. ‘ they are also removed. Skin cancers which penetrate bones are mare difficult to eradicate. The disease is most common in the southern states because greater skin exposure to the sun’s rays but can be developed ir the north. It usually develops on the hands and face. Clothing protects the balance of the body, but any por. tion of the body which is uncov ered on a year-round basis could become the site of skin cancer. QUESTION: My siste*- worries a great deal and is tired and nervous all the time. Is she be coming feeble-minded? ANSWER: Adults do no become feeble-minded. It is a condition in which the minds of children fail to develop. Your sister should consult a physician .for examina tion arid advice. Literary Guidepost By W. G. ROGERS CHRIST STOPPED AT EBOI-I, br Carlo Levi, translated from the Italian by Frances Fren aye (Farrar, Straus: $3). Up in the mountains along the instep of the Italian boot, in the area just north of the gulf of Ta ranto, are little villages so wretched and barren that, accord ing to local tradition, Christ never got that far. He stopped at Eboli, Levi was exiled to that region, to Gagliano, for several years be fore the war and it was during the war that he wrote this account of his life among the peasants, human beings but with about the same advantages as animals, able to speak but only out of apnalling ignorance and debasing super stition. In the mass they were human in sentiments and impulses, but they believed in gnomes friendly and hostile, they recited incanta tions to cure jaundice, erysipelas malaria and toothache, they had the morals of the guineapigs’y, and on the walls of all their bed rooms they hung, trustingly and pathetically, two pictures: The Madonna of Viggiano and Presi dent Roosevelt. Their Fascist mayor was * scamp who glibly mouthed patri otic platitudes. Their other of ficials and overseers and the few members of the middle class were cheap and tawdry characters; tne priest hoarded food or begot ch:l dren on his housekeeper, the pharmacist overcharged for life saving remedies, the doctors were inexcusably incompetent, the cen sor read the mail . . . and com plimented Levi on his literary style. In this we can indorse the cen sor’s jdgment. And we can add that Levi writes out of compas sion and with the power of an unusually keen observer. While he can pause every now and ihen to entertain us, the over-all impres sion is somber and tragic. Those of us who think there's nothing beyond Eboli must reac this earnest, graphic record: if* still our world, says Levi, and ’he individual is still at the core of it. KATIK, by Maria Molnar (Harp er; $2.75). WHY WE SAY by STAN J. COLUNS iU 51AWSON This expression commonly used to in dicate a politician is seeking election i was popularized by Theodore Roose velt. The custom originated in the Old West where a volunteer offered to en ter a boxing or wrestling ring by throw • „ L* I . • - .1 •_ COPR 1947 »Y GENERAL FEATURES —B ^a. I11 ° rln^‘ J t| COUP. TM-WORLD RIGHTS RESERVED.