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Horning Star Worth Carolina • Oldest Daily Newspaper Published Daily Except Sunday K ti Pag* Publisher Telephone Ah Departments 2 X311 Entered as becono Claes Matter at Wilming ton. N. C.. Postutfice IJnoei Ad ol Congresr ol March 3. 1879. __ SUBSCRIPTION KATES BY CARRIER IN NEW HANO''EH COUNTY Payable Weekly or in Advance Combi Tima sm Newa nation 1 Week -.I 30 : .24 f SO 1 Month .... 1.10 1.10 2.26 3 Months . 3.90 3.25 «.50 6 Months _ _ 7.80 *.50 13.00 1 Year _. . ._ .. 15.90 13.00 29.00 (Above rates entitle sunscribet to Sunday issut ol Star News)_ SINGLE COPY Wilmington News .. _ _ 2c Morning Stai . .... — -....- 5c Sunday Star-News ...__— 10c By Mail; Payable Strictly in Advance X Months _ f 1.50 I 1.00 S 3.X5 • Months ....... 5 U0 4.09 7.70 1 Yeai .. 10 JO X.uO 15 40 (Above rste- entitle juPscnbei to Sunday issues ol Stai News ” Wilmington STAR (Daily Without Sunday) 1 Months—$1 85 6 Month* -$3 70 1 Year—<7.90 When remitting bv mail please use check or U. S. P. O. money order. The Star-News can not be responsible for currency sent through the mails.___ MEMBER' OE THE ASSOCIATED PRESS AND ALSO SERVED BY THE UNITED PRESS MONDAY’. APRIL 27, 1947 Star Program Siate ports with Wilmington favored in proportion with its resources, to In clude public terminals, tobacco storage warehouses, ship repair facilities, near by sites for heavy Industry and 35-foot Cape Fear river channel. City auditorium large enough to meet needs for years to come. Development of Southeastern North Carolina agricultural and industrial re sources through better markets and food processing, pulp wood production and factories. Emphasis on the region’s recreation advantages and improvement of resort accommodations. Improvement of Southeastern North Carolina’s farm-to-market and primary roads, with a paved highway from Top sail inlet to Bald Head island. Continued effort through the City’s In dustrial Agency to attract more in dustries. Proper utilization of Bluethenthal air port for expanding air service. Development of Southeastern North Carolina’s health facilities, especially in counties lacking hospitals, and includ ing a Negro Health center Encouragement of the growth of com mercial fishing. Consolidation of City and County governments. GOOD MORNING Want and wealth equally harden the human heart, as frost and fire are both alien to the human flesh. Famine and gluttony alike drive away nature from the heart of man.— Theodore Parker. WMFD Grows Up Not only WMFD but the people of Southeastern North Carolina general ly are pleased with the action of the Federal Communications Commission’s action in granting the radio station permission to increase its power from 250 to 1,000 watts. This will make it possible for listen ers to pick up WMFD north of New Bern and Morehead City and west al most to Fayetteville. R. A. Dunlea, the station’s owner manager, announces he will continue to feature local programs, among which the Star-News “Round the Town” re porter’s broadcasts are among the most popular. Especially has this been true of the Sunday broadcasts from 1 to 1:30 o’clock in which all Southeastern North Carolina, county by county, and city by city, have occupied the prime place on the program. There has been no greater educa tional, ,entertaining and neighborly radio project ever carried out on the air than these Sunday Star-News pro grams. Although yesterday’s summary of New Hanover County and its subdivi sions marked the closing of these spec ial programs for the summer, they will be resumed in September when, with the greater wattage for WMFD, they may be enjoyed by larger audiences. Challenge Must Not Be Ignored When an attorney for former Rep resentative Andrew J. May declared • in open court that he was prepared to have Mr. May testify about 1944 cam paign contributions that would involve “high party figures, including mem bers of Congress,” if the government continues its prosecution of the Gars son-May case, the threat literally con stituted a challenge which the proces ution must not ignore. If there were irregularities in the letting of war contracts, the govern ment is in duty bound to insist that Mr. May tell all he knows about them, regardless of whom his disclosures in volve or what the magnitude of the re-' suiting scandal. The attorney's words imply that it well could be wrorse than the Teapot Dome case. If this is so, Mr. May dare not withhold any evidence he possesses, whether guilty or not of the charge against him, if he has a grain of patriotism. It is not for his attorney to issue threats of any kind. He, too, whatever his obligation to his client, cannot con scientiously guide him away from tes timony which would reveal lawlessness in the awarding of contracts for war material or other goods for which pay ment must be made from the public funds. Never The Twain Shall Meet Here are two Americans in Europe who are too well known for their activ ities to be ignored by the home press or the people. One of them is Henry Wallace. The ofher is Harold Stassen. Aside from the fact that both are Americans, they obviously have noth ing in common. Mr. Wallace is touring Europe solely to defame the United States policy toward Russia. He has made unforgivable charges against his nation and issued proposals in behalf of the Soviets that are impractical and economically unsound. His whole con duct during his speaking tour provides unmistakable evidence that his sympa thies are for the Russians. He has caused more disturbance in the politi cal sea than a tidal wave in the Pacific. On the other hand Mr. Stassen, whose itinerary includes sixteen Euro pean countries, seeks to gather impres sions of the Continent’s reactions to the American foreign policy. Mr. Stas sen is an avowed candidate for the re publican nomination for President next year. He wants to know how other peo ples look upon the United States, ob viously with the purpose to shape his own course, to more or less extent, on their attitude. The fact that he is a republican and the administration at Washington dem ocratic could have given him an excel lent opportunity to upbraid President Truman on political matters, in the knowledge that what he said would be copied in the press of this country and so strengthened his position upon his fellow-party members. Instead he has refused to discuss American politics, beyond saying in London that he be lieves his party has a good chance to name the next President. He told London correspondents that in his opinion coal is the crux of the European problem, with shipping, tex tiles and finance following in this order, and added that Europe would have to dig its own coal in the future. Thus he revealed a sidelight on his own idea of how our foreign policy ought to shape up. But at no time during his travels has he, purposefully or inadvertently, made direct reference to this nation’s political situation or its governmental conduct toward any foreign power. It is not the privilege of the indivi dual American to sit in judgment on any man’s politics, save that in the. case of the communists there is rea son for country-wide condemnation of their conquistatorial ambitions. But it is easy to realize the difference in the course pursued by Mr. Wallace and Mr. Stassen. Wage Increases Perilous The wage increase for employes of the United States Steel Corporation and the agreement between General Motors Corporation and the CIO Unit ed Auto Workers for more pay do not solve the inflation-depression problem. Rather they tend to stimulate inflation and so make depression more inescap able. The need is for general price deduc tion. This cannot be achieved so long as wages go up and up. Instead, with more money in hand, the tendency Adll be for the possessors to buy lavishly at inflated prices. Mr. Philip Courtney, in a letter to the New York Times, deals with the situation so clearly, and what he says is so illuminating, it is appropriate to quote a few paragraphs from his com munication. He says: “An increase in wages would start in those industries where labor is most powerfully organized and where, at the same time, there are back orders to be filled. This is time in the steel industry, housing, electrical appliances, automobiles, etc. If anything, wages in those industries are already too high as compared with wages in other in dustries. Therefore, any increase would only augment the unbalance. “Very little attention is being giv-en to the importance of the structure of wages to the balance of the economy and the steady flow of goods. What is more, high wages in the industries just mentioned will become an obstacle to investment and even to the sale of durable goods as soon as the most pressing needs have been filled. “In my judgement, to the extent that the structure of wages affects the economic balance of the country, the agricultural prices and the wages in the above-mentioned industries are too high at present. Chances are that any support for increasing wages will re sult particularly and mainly in the in creases of those wages which should not be increased. “Any increase in wages without an increase in productivity is bound to push prices upward metre than the in crease in wages.” As Pegler Sees It BY WESTBROOK PEGLER (Copyright by King Features Syndicate, Inc.) There is a vein of resemblance in the fis tics of three current American heroes as re ported in our press, Leo Durocher was tried on a charge of busting an ex-soldier’s jaw with the help of a house cop .who held the fellow still. He was acquitted, but Branch Rickey, the business executive of the Brook lyn Baseball Company, admits that the firm had to pay the victim about $6,000 for his hurts. Next, from Hollywood, where Durocher consorted with the chivalry ot the under world. came the incident of the lawyer who met Durocher’s friend, George Raft, and was beaten up. The lawyer said one of Raft’s bodyguards held his arms while Raft hit him. Now, tnirdly, Lee Mortimer, another veteran of the late war, alleges that he, too; was mobbed by Frank Sinatra and three com panions in a night club. Mr. Mortimer is a journalist whose line of work brings the art and personality of Sinatra within his profes sional purview. His appreciation of Sinatra has been meager. There are ambiguities in the Sinatra story. He has been portrayed as a wan and wistful weakling, but, on the other hand, he is a healthy welterweight in good condition with competitive experience as a boxer. All per sons at all familiar with such matters know that a welterweight with even a smattering of skill at boxing, given the advantage of surprise or the sneak punch, can bring down almost any layman of any weight. Indeed, given the advantage of just a little skill over total inexperience, he might easily lick a bigger adversary in a stand-up contest. How ever, les* this become a school-yard debate, we might proceed to other phases. As the dispatches state, Mortimer was a soldier in the war. Sinatra, though robust, active and pugnacious, ill-tempered, intem perate and profane, was a vicarious though ferocious warrior against the Nazi, like Charlie Chaplin. At one time in the Waldorf, he displayed a draft card which he said was marked 1-A and said he expected soon to embrace the privilege of Slaughtering the foul aggressors in person. Not long afterward he go: shiieking drunk and kicked up such a shrewish row in his own quarters late at night that a house detective went up and phy sically subdued him for the peace and repose of decenter guests beneath that roof. Time passed ard fate denied him the martial op portunity for which he seemed to yearn but with firm moderation. Other young men. slightly maimed or blind in one eye. managed to get into the war. Some who couldn’t get into the arme^ services went to sea as mer chant sailors or joined the American field service. Some joined foreign armies. In his comment on the fracas with Morti mer. Sinatra said the journalist had referred to the bobby-sox children of his following as ‘ morons.’' He resented this on their behalf. Morons they may not be, but, wayward and disorderly children many of them certainly are, as anyone can testify who has seen them in their hysterical writhings at ail hours of the night when little girls should be off the street and home in bed. They have been a nuisance to the Waldorf management for years, filter ing in by the back entries and fire stairs anj prowling the house in search nf nobody knows what emotional satisfaction. They are impudent, persistent an shameless. Manager, bell-men and house detectives have told me that they are not solely Sinatra’s cult now, but rally around whenever any of the more lurid Hollywood life is in the house, and the hotel company has seriously considered the idea of turning away such trade to abate th" nuisance. They have been bad for the hotel. | Plans are currently afcct to present Sinatra in a moving picture in the role of an ideolistic priest. Of course, this would be only make belie e but the public has an emotional ten dency tc endow eminent ham-fats with the virtues of the characters which they portray. In recognition of this tendency, Sinatra and the movie industry might more honestly dramatize his own life as it is lived and his influence on the cult of the bobby-sox. He is truly a man of tne world with a right to neighborize and fraternize with the fiaschcttis of the Capone dynasty in the Miamis, and if he desires, with notorious gang sters and prostitulioneers in Cuba. Some re porters and business men do this without re proach It is still, in some respects, a free country, and these arc. in their way. interest ing people. The scenario here proposed should reveal Sinatra’s social versatility, his econom ic thrift through girlish adulation and. by all means, the cruel frustration of his de sire tc slay the enemies of ''democracy" in person- and the public should be given fail means to judge whether his example and leadership, including gun-1oting in time of peace hut never in battle in time of war, were something that American youth had been better off with—or without. QUOTATIONS Prospects of a nenduring peace will be far brighter when fundamentals of free speecli and free press are recognized and practiced in all Quarters of the globe.—Secretary of War Patterson. If war comes, all nations would be given the suicidal task of choosing sides.—Henry A. Wallace No American citizen has the moral right to conspue with foreign peoples in order to undermine and to weaken the hand of his country.—Sen. James Eastland (D) of Mis sissippi. The women of America must wake up, not only to their power, but to their public re sponsibilities.—Rep. Margaret Chase Smith fR' of Maine. America has her own problems and we can not be a perennial Santa Claus.—Rep. Dewey Short <R) of Missouri. It remains an unfortunate fact that far too many of the boys and girls in our God-fearing country receive no religious instruction.—Gov. Thomas E. Dewey of New York. A political party can succeed only if it stands behin^ its principles and displays courage, energy and ability in translating those principles into legislative and executive action.—Sen. Robert A. Taft (R) of Ohio. Once a planned world economy is establish ed. a planned national economy will be in evitable.—Rep. Noah Mason (R) of Illinois. Government as well as business, labor and the farmer must help bring down the price c!Vr1L“En'il Schram> president New York Stock Exchange. HALF PHASE j you shall have RELIEF FROM yjui? affliction when the Moon is full , f // The Book Of Knowledge Department: FAMILIAR THINGS THE FIRST STEAM RAILWAY There were railways in the min ing areas of England as early as the 17th century, some 200 years before the invention of the steam locomotive. Over them ran heavy wagons transporting coal. Some mine owner had thought of a way to overcome the breaking down of dirt roads by these heavy wagons. He had logs placed at three- or four-foot intervals, to which big planks had been nailed. The wag on w’heels ran over the planks. The horses walked between the rails. Socn other miners were building such plank roads—the forerunner of the modern rail road. The steam engine, developed by James Watt (1736-1819), pointed the way to a new' era of travel. Watt’s engines were used first to pump water out of some Eng lish coal mines. These were, of course, stationary engines. The first steam railway ran at the bottom of a coal mine. It was built by George Stephenson. George was born in 1781. He was one of six children in a poor family. When he was still a child, he was given the job of tending one of Watt's engines w'hich pump ed water out of a mine. George was fascinated by the engine and wanted to learn all about it. But he had no one to teach him, and no books; and even if he had had books, he could not read. Not until he was a grown man did he learn Literary Guidepost By W. G. ROGERS STALIN MUST HAVE PEACE; by Edgar Snow (Random House; $2.50). Snow presents his case on the American-Russian problem in four parts. He begins with explanation and illustration of the language oarrier; for instance, it is just because we can’t hear, or don’t want to hear, he maintains, that we read warlike intentions into Stalin’s February, 1246, speech. He proceeds with a description ot the way we look to the Russians; tells why Stalin, however he may talk or however we may think he talks, needs peace, and winds up with his own formula for getting out of hot water. The most interesting section, I find, concerns the Red-eye view of the wicked old U.S.A. The Rus sian, says Snow, is bewildered by the democratic spectacle. In brief he can’t tell which we hate, or which we hate more, Fascism or Communism, when he notes among other things MacArthur’s support of a Filipino who was a Japanese “puppet,” and letters in the Amer ican press urging war on Russia. The Book Find Club's selection for May, this slender volume is pnvided with an “introduction” by Martin Sommers, foreign edi tor of the Saturday Evening Post, which printed the first three sec tions. The fourth, in which Show claims that the U. S. has the greater responsibility for keeping the peace and therefore should lead the way even if it costs money, was not previously print ed, and Sommers disagrees with all or most of it. I can’t always decide whether Sommers has written an introduction, an apol ogy or a warning. BREAD OND RICE, by Doris Ru bens (Maeauley; $3). An American newspaperwoman, this author, after some parlous experiences in China, went to the Philippines in time for Japans attack. In this book, with a fore word by Carlos P. Romulo, she gives a moving account of her ad ventures, with her husband, in the island’s interior among natives. A Filipino, Fabian, is a hero of this unusual tale which, but for him, might not have had a happy end ing. LET’S BE HUMAN, by John L. Beckley, illustrated by R. Roberts Baldwin (Duell, Slian & Pearce; $2). You can treat people rough, says this entertaining book, but if you want results, handle them with gloves; or, it pays to be polite. The Rocket, built in 1829, was one of the first steam engines to run on a railway from one town to another—between Liverpool and Manchester, England how to read and write; but he came to know a great deal about the use of steam for power by working with colliery engines. Meanwhile, two other men, Wil liam Murdock and Richard Trevi thick had been working on engines. Murdock in 1784 made a little toy steam engine which ran on three wheels. Trevithick in 1801 made a steam engine that would travel along the road. Stephenson went on working with engines. In 1808 he went to a mine where he showed such skill that he was placed in charge of all the machinery. Now he deter mined to build an engine to draw the loaded cars from where the coal was dug to the elevator shaft. This he did. Then he made an engine that drew a 30-ton load of coal from the mine to the river (Port nine miles distant. In 1822. he started building a rail way which would carry passengers as well as goods. The line, running from Stockton to Darlington, was opened on September 27, 1825. Ste phenson himself drove the engine, which drew 34 small cars carry ing coal and flour and a number ot passengers. A man on horseback rode in front of the train, waving a flag. He thought that he would be able to lead it all the way, that the train would never go fast enough to pass him. But presently George made a signal to him to get out of the way. and he set the train going at 30 miles an hour. It was a happy moment for Stephenson when the train reached Darlington without ac cident. The train was unload Religion Day By Day BY WILLIAM r ELLIS RETIRES INTO PUBLIC SERVICE James Wright Brown, for many years editor, publisher and owner of the newspaper’ man’s organ, "The Editor and Publisher,’’ has retired, turning his responsibilities over to his sons. However, he is in his office every day and the influence of his radiant personal ity prevades the place. He tells me that his "retirement" permits him to devote more time to variolus public causes in which he has long been interested. He has become the guiding and driv ing force in two great journalistic causes. His latest and best years belong to the public and to his professional confreres. His ever youthful, ever-helpful spirit is w’hal might be expected of a Presby terian elder. Mr. Brown like so many others in our time, such as Bernard Ba ruch and Henry Stimson, illustrate the Scripture’s teaching about bearing fruit in old age. There is always work to be done for which the most mature are best quali fied. "Elder statesmen” have a mission to fulfill for which their long experience and mature judge ment peculiarly qualify them. Veterans see life in the glow of a near eternity. They take God and the deathless truths into ac count. Lord of the years, we thank 1 Thee for all of the Calebs among j the servants whose last years MS their best years. Amen. ed. then started back carrying only passengers. When Stockton was reached, it was found that about 600 people were riding in or hanging unto the trucks of the little train. That w-as the first time in the history of the world that a steam engine had drawn a train carrying passengers over a railway. The second railroad, also built by Stephenson, was between Liver pool and Manchester. Stephenson’s son Robert helped to design the engine had drawn a rain carrying et and was built on a new design. From that time, the engines of George and Robert Stephenson w;ere purchased in many countries. (Copyright, 1946, by The Grolier Society. Inc., based upon The Book of Knowledge.) (Distributed by United Features Syndicate, Inc.) Tomorrow: Ali Baba and the Forty Thieves. Star Dust Stein Song Do you really suppose that anyone knows. That a rose is a rose is a. . . .truly a rose. Without using his nose to disclose if the “chose,” Indeed be a rose, or a palpable pose? But who wants to get nosey—go sniffing his posy, To find that his rose perhaps isn’t so rosy? —C. W. McLoughlin Painless Punishment In Washington, an attractive young government worker made a practice of coming in about five minutes late every day. Repeated warnings by her superior had no effect. Finally, in exasperation, he announced: “Miss Brown. I am tired of talking about your tardi ness. I am therefore suspending you for one day without pay. When would you like to take the day?” “Well, if it's all right with you,” The Doctor Saye— R 'AND DIETING - FOR HEPATITIS By WILLIAM A. O'BRIEN M Best treatment of epidr- V- ' D' titis (inflammation of ■ ,eP» is rest in bed and -.pc/l, v,f>' Patients with jaundice shr‘--) °'e" in bed until the cause £ 5 ^ mined because of th v ae:.M‘ that it may be epidemic In the beginning, hep*/.P°:;’a tients find it difficult . pi' sible to eat solid food •; p°!‘ cent glucose drinks made p' constituted powdered rr. ' ' luted fruit juices are reVrrr™ ed. Three to four quart, and fruit juice a da-. , fy the basic needs of the ' V** When appetite returns*' f*’: rich in carbohydrate a-iq d,.„°0!I! and low in fat are tolerated After recovery, normal diet c-r eaten for two to four weeks h fore the patient goes back -0 /■„ e‘ Cause of epidemic hepatitis £ not known, although a Vjru° strongly suspected. Upsets t stomach and intestine frequent?! precede attack of jaundice suggest that the liver js second-/ ily infected. In some cases V liver changes are so slight’ that jaundice does not develop. As there are many kinds' of jaun dice and as the treatment varies an exact diagnosis is important’ Hepatitis tends to develop in ep/ demies, and at one time, it \vai known as acute catarrhal jaundice Swollen liver blocks the passase of bile and makes the patient sick often with indication of trouble u the nervous system, such as being restless or delirious. At the heigh of the jaundice, the skin is bright yellow or yelo-wis-h-brown in c°0y or. When the bile starts to come through, the skin slowly returns to its natural color. QUESTION: My four-year-old son has never shed a tear while crying. Is something wrong with his tear ducts? ANSWER: Some children do no! shed tears. It is nothing to worry about. she replied instantly, ' I'd iike to use it up being late.' —Classmate, Safety Measure In 1927, when Will Rogers visited Mexico and was the guest of Pres ident Calles, the spirit of revolution was rampant in that sunny land. When Will accompanied Calles on8 tour of inspection he noted that the Presidential party was preceded and followed by carloads of sold iers. . One afternoon the humorist stroll ed off through the train, stopping so long to chat with the soldiers that he was late for supper, k member of the party ventured to reprove Will for keepink the Pres: dent waiting. Will laughed. “I’m sorry,” he told the inter preter. “You tell President Calles that I haven't been down here very long, but I’ve learned one impor tant thing—it5s better around these parts to stand in good with the sold iers than with the President " When You Have A Tots’ Party Animal-shaped sandwiches ar; apealing and easy to make. Use cooky cutters. Cut the loaf of bread lengthwise in slices. This gives a larger surface to cut Iron and the cutters can be applied with greater saving of bread Press currant eyes into the bread to give the sandwich animals a realistic appearance. Animal crackers are a delight to children especially if they stand up. This can easily be accom plished by dipping the feet into icing and standing each anir.al on a cracker or cooky. Gum drops cut in halves and put on cookies while the icing is still moist always appeal to chil dren. For floral decoration cut slices from pink or red gum dropF. nick the edges, and press into the icing while still moist. Cut smau centers from yellow gum drops and fasten with a little icing Marshmallows cut in halves can be pressed into the moist icing om small cakes. A funny face traced on with chocolate, adds to the interest. Clever little snow men can easily be fashioned from marshmallows. A marshmallow dropped into a cup of cocoa gives it a festive appearance. If lemonade is served, add a little raspberry or strawberry juice, or harmless artificial color ing. Pink lemonade makes a strong bid for juvenile flavor. And No Perhaps When big, affable Catcher Gabfc; Hartnett came as a rookie to j°:: the Chicago Cubs, he was imme diately sent into service in a against Cincinnati. Just before game time, a sports writer approached him. ‘•Is this the first big league game you’ve ever caught?” he was a*K ed. . ‘‘This,” replied Gabby, "is “,e first big league game I ever 83 WHY WE SAY by ST AN J. COUINS UJ SLAWSOH LOUISIANA" This Southern state was named in honor of Louis XIV of France. It was*" first explored by DeSoto in 1541 and., visited by LaSalle, the French explorer,^ in 1682 when he took possession of tlie^ territory and named it Louisiana.