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farmers Have Until May
1 To Register For Better Farming Contest i$H PRIZES TO WINNERS SLATED ■ And Area Awards ^red In Addition To County Winnings P , .Bine of May 1 for registra ■ .t de«Cl: . Bette - Farming For lnn^L" contest has been Better U ‘' v ~ Bolton, head of ■»n0-ulture unit of the Tide he agpf.er company. _ Pater “ ■ families m 13 0?enJfi-n North Carolina coun ioutheas • ^..jj awarded to lcS' ‘famihes making the best ar,R . fa,.m and home manage eco™ r1. year The- contest is chedule/to come to a close No awards will be offered in cas ... -v with the winners re tach f«25 for first prize, $20, sec :ei, «ribe $15. third prize and ’nd nrjzcs of $10 each. to“r addition to the county prizes - nrize money will go to the eacti tegion and $100 to lfanner in the entire 13 county Cton included in the contest. [ New Hanover (Vew Hanover county is in the "on cn-.oposed of six counties ,mediately surrounding it. These e Bladen. Brunswick, Columbus, jplin. and Fender. Seven counties make-up the ,r region. These are Cartaret, aven, Greene. Jones, Lenior, Onslow'and Pamlico. _ Forest Hall is chairman of the New Hanover county council with l H Sutherland vice-chairman and Mrs. i'red Jordan secretary. Bolton’ said that farmers in New'Hanover may enroll with either of these three or with thair tarm agent or home demonstra tion agent. Different Elements Among the different, elements of the contest are: family activi ties in community life, feeding of the family, food preserved for home use. general appearance and efficiency of farmstead and homemaking practices, care of land and farm practices, farm [business and plans for a year round paying job. Bolton urged that all farmers in New Hanover contact members of the county council or their Production Of Meat Due T° Be Greater In 1947 This Factor Now Balanced, However, By All-Time High Demand Production of , will be somewhat greater^ in mav than in 1946, but "aU of Se in crease will be beef and veal ac' 1116 DePartment « Ag Production of pork in the first eight months of 1947 is expected to be smaller than a year earliei although output in the last w month, may equal „ Lc«d S".t of 1946 since present indications point to a moderately larger sprtao pig crop than last year. P 0 Production of lamb and mutton c0,nsiderahly smaller in 1947 than in 1946, because of a smaller lamb crop, according to the latest information received from the Bureau of Agricultural Economics. Meat supplies per person are ex pected to be greater during the re mainder of 1947 than in the same period of 1946, but consumer de mand for meat probably is at an all-time high. Consumption of meat per person during the first three months of 1947 wjis the greatest for the period in at least 35 years. From last October through March, livestock and meat prices have been the highest ever recorded. Prices of meat and meat-ani mals in general are somewhat higher than normally would be ex pected in relation to such factors as consumer spending power, meat production, and meat ex ports. Some seasonal decline in prices is anticipated this fall. If a general decline in business ac tivity occurs this summer or fall, prices of all meat animals and meats will drop considerably. Hog prices usually increase mod erately from July through Sep tember as slaughter -falls off, but prices may not increase during that period this year. Cattle prices may decline during the summer as farm agent or home demonstration agent and enroll for the contest between today and May 1. WHO LEADS THE FIELD IN FARM RADIO SALES? SENTINEL WHO - FOR NINE YEARS HAS SOLO THEM IN WILMINGTON? RELIABLE SERVICE AT FAIR PRICES BUDGET TERMS ON RADIOS LIVESTOCK AUCTION SALE Wed., April 30th, ll:(Ni A. M. AND EVERY WEDNESDAY Private Sales Daily horses & kMULES... < « . will be j offered »o the! highest bidder CONE EABLY! EVERYTHING GOES! Regardless of what vou might have to BUY, SELL or TRADE you will find the answer at this Mg Auction Sale conducted by Mar’^n “ ted Roge s, our livestock auctioneer from Kinston, N. u MULES - HORSES COWS-HOGS-SHEEP AND EVERYTHING —ANY THING. JUST BRING IT ALONG. t. S. NEWTON LIVESTOCK Cattle Bayne Road ®*al 2-8373 marketings increase, and are like y t° decline further by early fall when marketings of grass-fed cat tie reach.a seasonal peak. he ? 13 per cent more beef cattle were on feed for mar , , m the Corn Belt than on April „las‘, year. The number was around 200,000 greater than a year earlier but about 150,000 less than !°n April l, 1945 0nly a relatively small number of long-fed cattle were on feed April l. a larger tnan-usual proportion of the fed cattle marketed this season have been on feed for a relatively short time and demand for feeder and stocker cattle probably will con tinue strong for the next few months. High hog prices in relation to corn prices since November prob aby have encouraged producers to breed more sows for both spring and fall farrowing than a year ago. A six per cent increase In the nurnber of sows to be bred for spring farrowing was indicated last December. Based on past relationships of hog-corn price ratios during the breeding season and thfe number of sows farrowing, a relatively larger increase over a year ago would be expected in fall farrow ings than in spring farrowings. Because of recent sharp ad vances in feed prices, especially corn, there may be some ten dency for farmers to increase marketings of sows for slaughter. However, such increases were not apparent from marketing and slaughter statistics available in early April. In February, 1947, sows made up 6.9 per cent of total federally inspected hog slaughter compared with 9.3 per cent a year earlier and 6.1 per cent in 1945. In March and early April this year, sows accounted for four per cent of total sales of hogs at seven mar kets. The March figure compares with three per cent in March, 1946, and four to five per cent in March of each of the preceding sev*en years. In 1946, many of the sows marketed were weighed in bar rows and gilts to take advantage of higher price ceilings. This ap parently accounted for the low percentage of sows at the seven markets in 1946. TAR HEEL GARDENER By JOHN H. HARRIS Here are some tips on growing roses as given by James Weaver, well-known expert, at a recent meeting of the Men’s Horticulture Club in Raleigh. When selecting a site for roses, Mr. Weaver emphasized that they should be located where they will receive full sun and away from any trees and shrubs that will compete with them for moisture. In planting the rose, Mr. Weaver suggested that the point at which the plant was budded should be placed at least one inch, but not over three inches below the ground. This will help prevent the rose from sprouting out below where it was budded. He suggested well rotted manure as one ot the best fertili zers, adding that this might be supplemented with a 6-8-6 at the rate of about three pounds per 100 square feet. An application every month would not be too much dur ing the growing season. If you have not pruned your roses already, this should be done immediately, he said. The plants should be pruned back from 1 to 3 feet of the ground. Those pruned most severely will produce the longest stems, but will not produce the most blossoms. For the control of diseases, especially black-spot, he suggested using a mixture of one part fer mate to 9 parts dusting sulfur. This material is also effective in controlling canker and mildew. According to Mr. Weaver, only two insects cause very much dam age on roses. They are aphis and thrips. The aphis may be easily controlled by the use of Nicotine Sulfate. The thrips are best con trolled by the use of 50% wettable DDT. _ “Other Cheek” PEABODY, Mass., April 27 — (U.R) — When a reckless driver struck his car and kept going, Fred Crossman picked up a police man and gave chase. Overtaking the hit-run driver, they pulled ahead of him to force his car in to the curb. But the driver merely slowed down, bumped Crossman’s car again and sped away. She Missed EXETER, N. H., Apri' 27 — (U.R) — After watching his wife hit the bull’s eye five times in a row dur ing target practice, Edward Johnson decided she couldn’t miss. • . So he walked several yards away from the firing line and held up a rhagazine. His wife took care ful aim at the magazine — and shot Johnson in the right hand. Plan Your KITCHEN Now! We shall be happy to assist In planning and furnish estimates with out obligation. GREGG BROS. MARKET & FRONT DIAL 9655 -7_ TRACTOR TERRACING IN AN eastern North Carolina county helps to conserve soil and gives aid to “Better farming for Bttter Living”. Among many reasons given for terracing land, conserva tion of soil and the prevention of erosion figure pro minently. FERTILIZER FOR SOYBEANS URGED Adequate Plant Food And Good Stands Give Good Results The successful production of soy beans depends upon an adequate supply of plant foods and good stands of an adapted variety, says W. L. Nelson and E. E. Hartwig of N. C. State college. Generally, however, little ferti lizer or lime is use<jl on soybeans or on the crops in rotation with soybeans. Nevertheless, experi mental results show clearly that 30 to 40 bushels per acre of soy beans can be regularly expected if proper fertilization practices are followed. Nine experiments were conduct ed in 1946 to obtain further inform ation as to the importance of lim ing and fertilizing soybeans with the Ogden variety planted at a rate of 10 to 12 seed per foot in all tests. An average of all the tests show ed the following yields: No lime or fertilizer, 22.0 bushels; one ton of dolomitic lime, 24.8 bushels; 400 pounds per acre of 0-10-20. 27.2 bushels; lime and fertilizer, 34.4 bushels. These results show that lime alone or fertilizer alone is not enough. Experiments Made In one of the experiments where the soil was very low in plant nutrients, particularly potash, a yield of five bushels per acre was obtained on the untreated plots. Applications of one ton of lime stone and 400 hundred pounds of 0-10-20 increased the yield of 32 bushels. In another experiment where the soil was considerably more fer tile, a yield of 42 bushels per acre was obtained with no additional nutrients. In spite of this in itial high yield, the application of lime and fertilixer increased the yield to 48 bushels per acre. Symptoms of starvation for plant nutrients, particularly potash, are common on soybeans. When these signs ^>pear it is not too difficult to convince the soybean grower to apply what is needed. Unfor tunately, for every acre of soy benas that shows these outward signs of dificiency, there are many other acres that have no visible symptoms but, nevertheless, are suffering from want of plant nu trients. In most of the 1946 experiments there were no definite recognizable symptoms of deficiency. Yet sub stantial increases in yield were obtained from liming and fertiliz ing. A 40-bushel crop of soybeans removes about 30 lbs. of phos phoric acid and 60 pounds of pot ash, equivalent to the amount of nutrients contained in 300 lbs. of 0-10-20 fertilizer. If soybeans are grown on a deficient soil, fertiliz er must be added to get a good crop of soybeans. High Initial Yields On the other hand, if soybeans are grown on a soil well supplied with nutrients, reasonably ' high initial yields may be obtained.. However, the continued growing of soybeans on such a soil without additions of fertilizer will eventual MORE PROFIT ■ MORE PLEASURE ‘ . . , when you plant Ask for JFWEE Spring Catalog *' * con *od»*. -i :■ “WOODS SEED STORE” Seedmen Since 1879 j 317 North Front Street Dial 4620 j ly deplete the soil and unprofitable yields of soybeans will result. Hence, the latest practice for the grower is to lime his soil accord ing to its needs and fertilize his soybeans every year. An exception to this is with soybeans grown after Irish potatoes or some other heavily fertilized truck crop. In this case, the supply of phos phorus and potash in the soil is sufficient to take care of the soy bena needs. A word of caution should be given here in- regard to the proper placement of the fertilizer. Soy bean seed are easliy injured by the soluable salts in the fertilizer and poor stands may result if the fertilizer is placed in contact with or too near the seed. The ferti lizer should be placed in bands to the side and slightly below the level of the seed. Many power farmers have suit able combination distributors and planters. If this equipment is not available, however, mix the fer tilizer thoroughly with the soil in the row and bed before planting. Recommendations • In summary, the recommenda tions for profitable production of soybeans are: 1. Lime your soil in accordance with the requirements as shown by soil tests. Your county agent will help you take the soil sample. 2. Fertilize with 400 pounds per acre of 0-10-20 or its equivalent at planting. This season, however, it may be necessary to use 0-12-12. Place the fertilizer so that it does not injure the seed. 3. Plant Ogden or Roanoke soy beans at the rate of 10 to 12 seeds per foot of row. The Roanoke variety does well in the Upper Coastal Plain and in the Piedmont. AMBITIOUS LEAF PROJECT PLANNED U n i t To Handle Research In Handling And Curing Of Tobacco A $375,000 project for detailed research in the curing and handl* ing of bright leaf tobacco is being developed for the regional toftacco engineering laboratory being con structed at the Tobacco Expert ment Station at Oxford, it has been disclosed by W. P. Hedrick, execu tive sei retary of the N. C. Tobacco Advisory Council. The new laboratory, which is being located in this State through a $25,000 appropriation made by the 1947 Legislature will be used on a cooperative basis by U. S. Department of Agriculture tobac co engineers and specialists from the Agricultural Experiment Sta tions of the Carolinas, Virginia, Georgia, and Florida. Funds for these special studies will be derived from the 1946 Re search and Marketing Act, which as yet carries no appropriation to implement its objectives. Hedrick and F. E. Miller, di rector of the Test Farms Division of the State Agriculture Depart ment, have had several conferen ces within the past week with this State’s Congressional delegation and officials of the U. S. Depart ment of Agriculture in regard to the appropriations for the Re FARMING REPORTS I NOW AVAILABLE Experiment Station Publishes Story On Agricultural Research ' -- V Research and Farming, the lat est in the N. C. Agricultural Ex periment Station’s series of pro gress reports on agricultural re search conducted by State College has just been published, accord ing to an annunocement made yes terday by Dean L. D. Baver of the school of Agriculture and di rector of the research program. This report, his announcement explains, contains reports on the research in the various agricul tural fields of practical interest to the farmers of the state. To fur ther amplify the text, considerable illustrative material has been in cluded. Among the subjects discussed in the latest of these reports is a consumer preference study on sweet potatoes, a duscussion of cotton seed treatment, an explana tory article on the poultry disease ^agnostic service at State College an article from the horticulturists on the value of stratification in in creasing the stand of peach seedl ings, a discussion of the work of the tobacco research program, an information article on planning for rural health centers and hospitals, and a discussion on the use of freezer lockers as a means for pro viding a year around meat supply. Free copies or this publication, Dean Baver explained, are sup plied to a regular mailing list of workers in the state. In addition, special copies are available upon request. Requests should be addressed to the Agricultural Editor at State College, Raleigh. The publication is “RAesearch and Farming.” Volume Five, Progress Report Two. Asks Name Change OAKLAND, Calif., April 27—(U.R) — Miswald Cends Wrandvakist, 50-year-old Oakland laborer, yes terday petitioed the Alameda county Superior court to cnange his “unlucky name to one which he believes will bring him better fortune. The court permitting, he will henceforth be known to the world as: Linkols Dislgrowels Wrand vausgilmolkets. He said the new name was his own creation. Oranges, grapefruit, and lemons grown all over the world this sea son are estimated at about 338 million boxes. search and Marketing Act and details of this special project. Hedrick said objectives of the studies being planned include the improvement of existing facilities for curing tobacco. This would be effected by more efficient heat ing systems, better methods of heat distribution, improved venti lating systems, and reduction in fire hazards. FARM NOTES By EULALIE McOOWELL United Press Staff Conespondent WASHINGTON, tU.R) — St-p ro manticizing the virtues oi the family-sized farm. It is not going to survive alone by being labeled “a way of life” or a symbol of democracy in action.” The family-sized farm is faced with some stern, economic prob lems that no amount of high sounding sociological praise is helping to solve. It is in a battle for survival—a race to keep up in an age of mechanization and specialization. That in substance is the view of Samuel Riss, agricultural econo mist with the Farmers Home Ad ministration and an authority on the topic of the small farm. In Riss’ opinion “the tendency to romanticize about the virtues of family farms has been stronger than the willingness to wrestle with their economic problems.” 2,000,000 Small Units The clue to tne economic prob lems of the small farms lies in the so . called "marginality” of the 2,000,000 farm units which even in 1944, a year of high prices, had an income of not more than $2,499 and which, although they consti tuted 42 percent of the nation's farms, produced only 18 percent of the agriculture products. The problems are not, however, confined to farms of that type alone. They confront also the 1,770,000 family-unit farms which yield an income of as much as $5,000. In the words of some viewers with-alarm, the only way to keep the family farm active is to make is possible to produce enough to keep ’em satisfied on the farm— and achieve a standard of living comparable to the families of union laborers in the city. Riss poses as objectives for the Farmers Home Administration, in its drive to see the small farm meet the competition of the com mercial farm, the following points: Would Reduce Costs Reverse the war-time approach of encouraging production at all costs in favor or reducing costs of production through the highest possible use of land, coital and manpower. He suggests that the yield per acre and unit of live stock fee raised along with the productivity of the farm worker. He would encourage diversifica. tion or specification as a situa tion warrants and help tool farms —ot re-tool them, as the case may be— by encouraging individual or joint ownership, and stimulating sharing, exchange or hiring of the proper machinery if it is not own ed outright. Riss views technological.progress which has produced the small tractor and the two-row cultivator and other small-capacity machin ery as of the utmost significance in keeping the small farmer s head above water in his competi tion with the large farms. Such development is beginning to give the small operator a scent of vic tory. He feels that mechanical prog ress in the direction of small farm machinery is tending to moderate the size of the mechanized farm. When this mechanization reaches its limit, in his view, it may turn out that the family-size farm has increased from its present size. But it will still be smaller than the mechanized farms of recent years which have been powered by larger models of machinery. SEN. HOEY URGES RETURN TO GOD N. C. Senator Substitutes As Sunday School Teacher At Mt. Vernon WASHINGTON, April 27— (P) — Senator Hoey (D-NC1 as a substi tute Sunday school teacher today, said the United States should be come the spiritual leader of the world. The North Carolinian, who taught Sunday school in his own state for more than 40 years, gave up teaching a class regularly when he came to Washington about a year and a half ago. But he substitutes whenever he can. He told the class at Mt. Vernon Methodist church today “the great need of the world now is a return to God. The world needs to get ac quainted with God just as it did when Jesus came to earth in the midnight of the history of Israel.” Speaking to a class of 121, in cluding about 20 North Carolina visitors, Hoey commented that this country’s power and prestige in material matters is the greatest in the world. “I wonder,” he said, “if we can provide the spiritual lead ership the restless world needs so badly. God is the only source for such a restless world.” America, he said, is a generous nation with its money and re sources, has contributed more to physical needs of the world than all the rest of the world, but needs to remember the folks at home and ‘‘should provide spiritual uplift at home and throughout the world.” “There is need,” Hoey said, "to get rid of sin in high place* just as there was in the days of Solo mon.” GENERAL @ ELECTRIC • Refrigerators • Ranges • Sinks • Dish Washers • Washing Machines • Vacuum Cleaners • Radios and • Home Appliances Inquire About D E LIVERIE 8 GREGG BROS. MARKET & FRONT DIAL 9633 HALL’S FOR COURTESY SERVICE FARM SUPPLIES :????!* * HAVE YOU JOINED— ? Better Farming * ? For Better Living * DO IT TODAY—FOR DETAILS CALL 7144 OR 7«ll FERTILIZER DISTRIBUTORS SPECIAL $16.95 UP_.. R. F. HALL & SON, INC. <4 Mile Out Castle Hayne Road _ “Lee” Overalls TflDC / / I ^3 J M J . / "Lee” highest quality Un " ® ^ M M M' ion made blue denim over M^ JM M^ Mb MS alls. Sanforized shrunk. ! O MMM MMjSM^MJ% Tailored sizes, double 4/lMl/lfU"V " MMMij ~ ^ “Blue Buckle” UfCLOTHES The great heavy duty labric, deeptone denim' "Blue Buckle” overalls. Sanforized shrunk, double stitched. “Efird's A-l” Overalls Jumpers Unlisted.$2.95 Lined.. $3*95 Sanforized shrunk, full cut "Efird’s A-l” overall jumpers. Strongly sewed, long wearing. WORK PANTS $1.79 to $4.45 Full cut sanforized work pants in khaki, coverts, moleskins and blue ieans. Sites 29 to 80. RUBBER BOOTS Knee Boots ... $4*95 % Boots.$5-95 Hip Boots.$7.95 All sizes 6’s to 12’s. WORK SHIRTS $1.25 to $3.95 Sanforized, strongly constructed work shirts to match work pants. Sizes 3t to 27. WORK SHOE! $5.95 Soft eifc top work rftoes with heavy rawcord soles. A real ly comfortable work shoe!